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~ W ' <■ ■ 

■»--_*■ i» ■_ 






TJ^^ shaking of the live-Tree. 

'^ ^. ■ '^ H E O^u^/^yu^ 


of .that Incomparable Prelate . 


Late Lord Bishop of Norwich. 

^— »— — ^ > *' Ml— — — ^^i^^Al 

y / 

WITH / / 




Noted by His own Hand 


. Together with His 


Written aifo by Hhnfclf. J^^. ^_^ 

Heb. II. 38. 

— Of vphom the Wofld n>as not worthy, 

John 6. 12. 

London, Printed by J, Cadwel £orT Croohey at the 
5/)//> in S. ?/*«// Church-Yard. i(5^o 



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^^imtmmmm i i mmmm^mmmmmm 

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!:£ prefentthee here with fame fc4itttre4 Ktm 
r li}jHes. of a departed Saint) <D0ii.ofthp.f9im 
'.f^Jiitionofthofeof'Korhc^af thojjp of 
Rome are void of their divine operatic ft : 
thefeftvo drops oflnksfrotit the Authors pen^ will 
worh^favingmiracUsy when the pretended- Blood ^f 
tJje Baptift/tf Jhrined and adored at_ Naples, pjaft 
hlnlh at its weaknejje : That account which 4hoH 
hajihere^ of the L^e of the Keverend Author., jf};one . 
his own hand, is exceedingly toajhort^ andmpde^,^ 
yet dnrjtwe lyit prefumeto maJ^e any. additions to it, 
for many reafons.: Onr tcelation to him. would \hHt\ 
impair the credit of our monfincere relations ofUittl^ 
as too part ialand flattering , and indeed the attempt^ 
isto6,harAf and high for us, where his- own accurifie 
pencil hath hegnn a draught ofhimfelft to contimo 
it with the fame Elegancy and Dccoruiii. Andbe^ 
Rdes,, w^ere thK mee^^oG^hath drojpn avail'o>^ 
ver hfs C(V^n pining facejin his.poUjrtr^iUofhimfelf^ 
•itfeems to us un^efent, to taJ^ it aieayy though to ' 
Sif goiter more ofhis fplendour , efpecially th the 
iHfi^fi,^ aadpltejudiCfd eyes of this Age ^Ind^Geruror 

-# a > ■ tion^ 

— ^ — *- 

tion, who cannot indure innocency ^felff wJmt ha-- 
hited in a Kodiet, Wc rentemhfr what Scneoifah^j 
( and it is in his Deln too^ they are aflfe^ oculr^ 
<quo6 Candida veftis obturbat, hap^ is it for hinty 
that the hUcksfi Sagma thai can be fafined upon 
hin*^ h that "jjis robes were whiter then- his'Bf^^ 
th'reofy that only the coat of our Jofcph hath drawn- 
their envy upon hint, the Man Dr. Hall was wt the 
obje& of their diftafiy but the Biffiop; To fatisfy 
thife tender eyes y^, they have here this great Aaron' 
Stripped of all his Triejkty Ornaments y and laid open 
tothenty only in thefe few winding Jbeets, fpunne^ 
jtndwoven^ with his own hand,. Itt the. narrative 
of his liftyhis pen breads off with his outward pref" 
fures^. wherein alt the Lojjes and indignities hefuf- 
fered didfo little trouble hint, as ta fame eminent 
Commiffioners ^ who defiredto \uow his,fuffering 
tonditibn.y and made fair overtures offome little re- 
paration ) he reply ed that ofScnecz, Qui fc habct, 
nihil ^SditCodhad nofooner witMrawn hishand 
from vifitinghim with thofe outward tryals, then he 
began toexercifehimy by fore afiiSions of the body, 
in his continually incveafing paines of the Bone and 
tiranguryy which for many years held him y ^tndpur-- 
fued him to. the death y yet could not thefe great im- 
fiedimenis tak^ him off. from being aBive^ bottf in- 
Preffe and Tntpif ; His intelleSuals and fences 
continued Jlrongy andfrejb to the laffy his headcofu . 
tinned Cdtdy and his heart of reined Silvery when, 
all the rejlofhis body was half clay, " H// 

« •* 


His fence of the f aef^ and divided candit ion ef the 
Church') nfastohitendpajponatlytenderyp'ofeffing 
all willingnepto livey though in the midji of his ex- 
' eeeding pains and torments, fohe might be anyway 
inftmmentalfo tVe making up of the breaches of ity 
gnd putting it indue frame and order j Bntftnce all 
his endeavours with men fo little prevailed-, he ne- 
ver ceafed wrefiling with God to this purpofe, fet- 
ting apart one day in every wea1{^ through the Tear, 
forfafiing and humiliation with his Family^ not 
that he fought his own Interejis, to be reftoredto that 
Epif copal height-, andgreatnefs of which he had been 
diVefied : Ml thofe who truely l(new him, can wit" 
nefi with us, hrs abundant contentment in his retreat 
to a private lifcy as not am if ery, but a blefftng to 
him. We kjtoWy when in the height of all his honors 
he was ready enough to Juch d feceffion , could he 
fairly yandhandfomly have retired, j^nd now that im- 
petuous florme,which beat him off from the courfe of 
Mspublickjemployntents, though it batter d his vef- 
fel, and tore hisfaHes ; yet it did but drive him ta 
the quiet haven where lie- would be ; juStty could he 
takf up the words of holy Naxianzen ( inr this and 
many other things Us parallel y who when hotly op' 
pofed, and thruji from his See of Conftanrinople, 
eouldfay, A retired life,everwas, and now is dear* 
ly affeBedby me, though they drive me from my 
fhair, they cannot ib^ive me from my God. 

Amongmauy worthy' meit, who veceiv&i Ordina- 
- tibn 

ci^mke Miuifiry from his, ba/idfy wg CMmibnt mem* 
ti^ttiUiin v^me he takegirAtf camfatt^eing^ 09^. 
iMe ptctdent far tlx refi efonr UaeMedy^ religious 
G^ntty, t^faHfiw } h was Mx. Cl|iir(m Lucas, an Efq^ 
efgoad efiateyo. gteu Cammi^<mer^ ami Jufike of 
f^Moiii thfC/fuHtyt0fSuSto^,whopt$utdhk S^rit 
and Confcietwefo -aron^ u-potti at after goad </#//* 
heratum, andctrnfukatamwith othfrs, he camo t* 
this Reverend Father far Ordwatiatf^ at. HfitfingU 
tak^itframattyi hands^ when his did not ptteeeeki 
which he received^ ( good proof beiJt^ gi'ven of bis 
abilities ) according to h»s defircy andhe wha entrei 
fi^Qth before this agedSsmxcly lik$ Saul in hr^ 
fiarlet(for thAtw^Jhis habit ) retnrtted from: him 
aSa^kclollxFrophety eontittuing a diligem and%ea* 
to us preacher of the GafpeL 7o veturne to the K*. 
verend Author j his retreat front the World though 
he were holly y andcopfi^ajttly charged with fur icust 
onfets of bisjkarp difeafes , yfit was it anfwerabU 
tohislifey foUmn^ andSiaid, with a compofedyond 

aouldrutt alear d^i^aknly^roughfo craggy^ croakr 
^ a Chantfel^wahoift a murmnre. Jfterhis pre/vaiU 
big infirmities hadvfafiiidallthejirengths of nature^ 
4nd the. 4rts of his learned and excellm fhyjisiak 
D. Brown <»fNorwick ( to whom wtderCodyWifajHli 
the whole Church are inga^gedfor many Tears prefer^ 
ving his life as a bleffing to m ), afteff his Fatherly, 
rueptimt ofmaryperfonsofUon^Hry l^eamiug^^nd 



iPirtjr, vibtf cametd crave his dyeing prayers and be* 
nedi&i^n : One of which ( 4 Noble per/on } he fa-' 
hhed with tlje words $f un ancient Votary, <^idc$ 
liominemmoxpulveremfiitunnny after many holy 
prayers^ exhortaticMf, anddifcourfeSy herou%edup 
his dying S:piritSy to a heavenly torrfejfion of his 
Taithr which ere he coM fnijhy his jpeech was 
taken from hinty fothaty we cannot, here infert it.' 
After fame ffruglin^s-<f nature, with the agonies of 
death , he quietly , gradHotty , and e^en infenfi^ 
hly gave np his fafl breath, 

j4nd nowy how can we forbear to cryfadly^er 
himy O Our Father, our Father, the Chariot of ^ 
KVad, and tficHoricmen thereof. Theodoreis Lam 
mentation over Chtvfo^ovnc may he talun np over 

im y <»5*p«iTi«rztf ^ (UTCL TiAfuvM) %fi<mKy m'Xtfnif^ nTi- 
iVfi^f ^ l^^ob ntpn rithftVy it mHiiMiloLi ;^up(ti oi Aftrzn AfAv/^ 

dfM* tf^ ii/tn xtKivfotiV, 4k tU rt^utm fj>frVfoitj a M as us ^o 

iv$ lUfrnTlrm I ■ Tfaoogh ye hare ten f hoqjfan^ In- 
ftroQert in Chnft (faith the ApofHe ) yet have - 
ye not many Fathers, and if wehadmany^TMers,^ 
yet not mmy fuchas He, 

We fnde great "EtogieS defer*vedly giv^ to many, 
eminent in their fiveraUgeS) both Fmofophfrs and' 
J^ivines, For the firfi fort 
• Thucidides gk/es this CharaSler tsf Perfdek, In^ - 

J«m70£, Of 

> ' .■ I I ■ I ■ f I 1 ,^ 

0/ Socrates, Cunapius, that he w^ ^nprntrw «(y«A-r 

Of. Pythagoras, Ltpiius, £/i«f fingKla ftntentia* 
rHmfruJta gemmas bsbent. 

Of Homer, Halycanufleus, V^i vskf miti 9i«m^4 

Of Depiollhcnes, that he toas nuKmy^^^xftii euuhA!* 

y<cU9, nofTUf ffipos* 

Of Seneca, Plus aliqiud temper elicit, qaam dicit. 
. For the fecond forty thofe who j ufilyobtaitted to he 
honoured with the name of Fathers of the Church 
Ignatius /<?r hispietywas calledjut^^fosy J^^wmsy 

Ath^Gm for his firenuoufiteff ff'^rffutatiou 
was tailed m\ uajhcs. 

Of Chryfoftomc ttwasfaidy that he wastha^ 
trum quoddaih diviose cloquentise , in quo Deus 
abunde vidf?n voluit, quid pofTet vitx (an&tas, cum 
vi dicondi con^un^a. 

Of Clemens Alex, that he was Inter eloquentes 
fumme'dodufi,' inter dodos fumme doquens. 

Z>fon S, Bafil the Gr^at, Nazianxen hefiowed this 

Fpitaph /Sfavrii aw furyoSy a^cftTn' J^t &!tf, 

Sermo mus tonitru, vitaq; fulgur crat. 

Of Si' JercMn, Cauflinuf, Blandum ncundix no- 
men, 8c fummus in omnibus attifex. 

Of Hilary S. Jerom, Lucifcr Eccldiarum,. pretio- 
fuslapi}, pulchro fermone univerfa loquitur, & fi 
iemina alk^ua fecus viamceddiifepotuiiTent, camen 
ab CO meilis exorta eft magna. . Of 


Of^, Cypfian (who hadthn^mi <^f. Cicero Chri- 

quendo, w fa^eilior in <xpUG9(ndp,, vi pottepcior in 
perruaclco4Q fiicrit. 

. . OfS. ^ertjard, Hcinfius, CuJMs c@<S naaitatioii^ ' 
riyum Fara4^; ainbi^am aDiffmi^n, pabulum An« 
gdican^ medvllanl pi€utis vocace (olcpi ' 

We need not reh thefi-gre^t names - of their due 
S^otfour-itif add^ u^to hisy h^t hk difcern'mg Readers 

^ J^^^^ 9 ^ ^f^hat i magnet Hih. •MVd.rlHfire this • 

l^ight' in Gods Chnrah ^vas, •., A^, ihoHgh '^'^^ 
protejk again ji the Infolejiey^f extie^Uftg hini^ andrfo 
making onrfeh/es Jndges.of.^'vbathe'ivtvas Mafter 
. -of y, yet. this t/ve muU- adder to do hiiii right., t^'i^^ 
i"V ere excellencies better fet in a tpifide pfore abhor- 
rent from HaughtineJ^, Ho<vv ttteek^ hk temper 
'y^as^ ■ his niany Irenkal. TraHs do pte'vu, , truly 
Tkumaus^hi^ J¥dgeMent of Mcbndiipn ji^s fo'v^eJl 
<zn/ith hifft-y as if it had been prefaged of him. Ma- 
ximum in CO tranquiliratis erat ac quietatis ftudium, 
ut nidde nece^ariis ccNficcodiendiim non putaret, and 
'KJ 'vhat follow es alfohfi had experience of, Humani- 
tatemcxterorum Scdivetia {eEicieneum, fuorum vero 
Sceandemdo^namprofitcntium accrbitatem ex. 
pertus & reprcheniionein, ob .iixarui3\& ccuitcntio. 

A fpecimen of his found woderation we ^ipe 
thee in his L^e^tsrs, to^tly^fe thre.e eminent Divines 

>of Bremen^ Crociut, Hcerbnmdus, and VVilltus, 






^tfvho tub fetuthtit papers to him^ Mnd mtudt him 
thtVMpire ^fom dijfatisfi^ons ^hivtetf them^ 
*iwkich vtfatfo done to their muhu^ d^quitfcencey 
that they joyntly and fe*veraUy feiit hm their fc/<t«- 
ters of Thanks* Ami towartU the de^red Reeo/t'^ 

good expedient vuas offered by the coheurreHt J-itdg- 
^^^ iftent of this Ke^rend Father vs^ith his Brethren 
hJ>ave- of hkjfed Memory^ the World doth *infknefi^ in^ 
'**»'• [^oieeot. 4. The«dogO(iKn] feconded by his aBi*Dt 
jotkiiationi ofthatwor^. Bntvi^Uehewatfo 
devoted to the feSce andXfnity of the Church^^ and 
did fo fi^Ay pwrfnig the fhi^r-that fMtde for-4t^ 
He wot n& lejt^mtattd ^bealom w defend the due 
povt^ref it in it^s^decent RiJej" :• Wilnefthif faifkh- 
fnl difchar^ of the negotiation 'V^herH/^ith he 
was intmHed by K, Jf(ne» imo StotlttK^ poised 
at by himfifffy and ihat proof i of itinhis'Letterto 
3f r. Stmthers, one of the Pr^chers of Edihburgli 
after his return from thence^ which nHCWonidnotbe 
foinjnrioHs to fnpprejiy thon^ oHrdifiretion'may 
be qnetiioned for pubfijhingwhat is nofP fo out of 
dati» We pretend not to have gathered np all the 
fragments of hk choite Vrovijions that nothing 
might beiofty' irt l^vtP aUd bei»ail ihe-li^y and mijl 
carriage of many pretioHS and mojl important 7 tt*^. 
pers, and can only labonr to fdrgeft ^thim ,- .as- the 
Vrpners of the rich Treafurts iitried in the bottom 
of th Sea ntnH^do, , Thefe whish w?e have 'preferved, 

' and! 



da fxhibii^ ifthanifafi heeft ctaverfam with 
<^ther W^vkf (^ ^h haib tut) then wilt atS 

Tb4tTraU rf hifi ThaVu media meutiomi by 
himfflf( iprittm afttr his return from the Synod of 
Dorc y he made at fount was buried ia perpetual fi- 
knee \ f^. ffndemefs of the MifconfiruStion offome 
wh^ivolUd try it do»» far the ^erydefigne of ity and 
his Obedienee to the Koyal Ed/^ ( which inhibited 
the ntedlingifithpfe Coutwo^v^fies ) eafily prevailing 
m iih bint ^^fnpprefs if. But what ? Should we. let 
it lye by fife walls ^ till fome other falfe^ obtruded 
'Copie da infwco us to bring it fortb^ for the Vindr* 
mionofitfilf? Orfiould we. be fo ^K^ff»y fo 
theuabappiftefs af the 0nureb_ of God, of to, witbm 
hold it from her ^ i^^if j4^ efpuiaUy, wbiflj hath 
revived and blon^ np a^in thoff almo^ dead Coals 
4ff,Cotttro^erfit3:t!bo. di^f^((us beat, wboreofdid 
xti{fgfionth^t Syn^f^:^ \the eag^r pefend^s of 
each fid^ /hall proceed (asyetthtydo}will^ na^ 
bf bittet/iefimthel^tur (ffid ?h il^ not needful that 

fome^ftdiiioiiis^tdefl^f^rfi^ 4iffim4ks 

T^bemJ^ ib4tM.^^^it» ^jt^Uf >S*Jr^. dotS^ 

bm %videphatt^i^heoj^o^ite(pf(f^e^!^nd,ifi4£ 
duff in d(^itfg it ^ hit mtgif^foberCi^^tt^pfr^ 

*^ ■« 


• • s 

■ 3" 

il l ii ! ■■■ *« ' 

thetft Opfo Cites ^ But how without any lofsoftfeceffary 
fruth^ both may fit down fatisfied ; as happy if 
in thefe differences we may fay. Is not the whale 
fond before m f There is roont enough for both to 
walh^fafely, and there is no neceffity of parting or 
going afunder. This Reverend Authourjhewsa 
middle vpay, wherein both ntaywalh^ as Friends^the 
path being broad enough, and the way good , (the 
Bttjhes and bryeirs of needlefsfubtiltiesbemg tPtfely 
atroidedky For this difco^ry all good and fober 
men wili bhfs the Mehtory^ofthi^ Authour, And if 
he pjallfuffer in the Opinion of hotter heads, as-too 
iukswarm and temperate, . yea as a clofe Abetter of 
Araiinianirme, becaufe hehtars itfpeak^, and doth 
itot fpitFire and Brinfjione upon it, we enter this 
protejiation ', He was no ReincHiftralit, but againfi 
the MonBer Sme£tymn\iut. And let any obfirving 
Keader judge, what doth he more -then propofe the 
Thei^ (f the '^emdnflyant Opj^onents, and the Or- 
thodox Defendants, ybewing by collation of what is 
'Written hy both, how they meet, and differ, how alfo 
Ithdfi dfffere'fict'y are Siated, and arbitrated by Reve- 
rend aM'Vedfked "Blfidp OVetalt • <)« onefide^ and 
ouV'Di'vinesoiiihe other. As for thir Anthourbim- 


^IpmietMB;: wh^in he ckihis^UlW&ftf^y^^ 

ferVirig-his dim ^udgktHerit^ and more efpecially ta 

jpag. J§f. whtrein tht chfe eftheTrakhis unby" 

- • affednefs 

ajfednefs is clearly frofeffed, Now Reader^ after thy 
quarrel with us tak^n off^ for our thus long witt 
faolding the good in theje Kemaifif from thee, when 
it was in the power of our hands to gii/e them forth, 
ff or which we plead our long mocl^ed ExpeSiation of 
a promifedy and delayed Reimprejpon of all the An- 
thoHTS fcattered.TraSis, to be reduced into a Volume, 
in which thefe were meant to be included ) we dif- 
mifs thee with this blejfitig, and we thiu^ it blejpng 
enough. May the Spirit of di'is Reverend Father reft 
upon thee, and matft thou be bcit as Sound in thy 
Judgment, and Religious in thy AfFedlions, as Ii^ 
was, and as Bleffed in the End, as he now is. 

b^ A 

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The Head/ vfvphdt is here CoHeShd. 
) -^ Set men Pr^fdi-'c before X. jMutat BmjftnhCctirt ia 
2, • ^ChtiRiaii Liberty uid fMMn a Settttn at fiiute*JhS,tfitB* 

3 DfMfieSiigteaodliiUnBfiioiis, vtm^KgmaxKifhite'^iiti on 
ir|H^/«MMl!(i]r X #40. ent Jtib 35 

ficification betwocc.chc two ^^cl0aie$, SeftenAif, te^r, 

mPfdM.A^.t^ 48 

(T . 'pieMikhiefofEadionandttieRettK^tjfit, aSnmonac 

>Hbi^ifi(ilf on the feccmd Sunday in X^, 1541. on i^. ^o. i; 

^ : lA Setmon Pceadic at the Tower> Mmh ao^ i6± x. on Jmtt 
4.'|v • ' • . --84, 

<y 3 . A SdtaiMi Pt«ttch't tin ffiiitpindaj y June 9. 16^, in 
/ lAfipfdl') on £/>{></*. 4. 3t>. ictr 

^ i:A Second Sermon, in ptofcOlibttiof t^fatUr -Text in 

fl ;aA4«wiW'dn*i(fc>-^kytt»%W«ir<f4S^mn^ -• t^y 

'10' :K Sermtn Pteacht «n fflntfuml^ , at tf^ii«Mi» 14$ 2:, oa 

• Jfcw.X^ ''t4.- - ' ^ ••>•.,• ^49 

// lheMournerin5i»», on£^4rjMf«3^ . .• . "• - ;iij4 

/2>oA Sermon Prcachta*J»4*«*'> 3»^4it>5^^ttrt>».'ti 17. 

/^ The WomensVait, oraDifcoiirrexoacermiisthe neceflity 
icexpec^noeof the Qofe>coveting of the Heacbof Women. llklJ •''' 

/^ Holy Decency in the-Worfck) of God. 453: 

jf Good Security, a difcowfe, oithe-Chriftifflis Aflurance. 261 1 /Jf^T • 
/^ A plain and famUtar explication of Qvifts prefence in the 
SKtament' of (ds Body ana Blood. 287 

/7 ALetterfortheObfcrvatioDof chel^ofChri^Hativi. 

■/ry. if^ 




I II ■ ■■! 

/i^ A Letter to Mr, Wt/ijw Stmhers one of tbc Pteadicrs of 
Edcnbourgh. sotf 

-W £fi^oh D. LW. Crom, S.T.D. 321 

^/^ A Modcft ptf&r, • .t . tj6 

i^. Cctwinwcfragalpil^ 

ZS. Xh^^ wgy .of^e,i|i lteiye]l»fi?iiAni«l<?sj«)«ip«il7Jkntfwn 

^, A Letter concerning thefalling away fromQsaee. . -^.jg* 

^1 ^ ¥^^ conccmmg KeJ^gjon; . :. . . . 40 r 

i^. Refolutjonsf<MrR^liaiom ,^ ^^^ 

2^, -Bi. Letter concecning the frequent injc^on of Temptati-' 

$0 vA coiifolatorf Letter to one under Cenfure. "414 

^ / A Oiortanfvcr 10 the Nine Acgnments^ which vx ibtouelu 

ig«'rift the Bifhops fitting in Parliament. ■ Jj- 

51 . Fj3rBpiii;opaq':«n4 ^uugfp. , '. ' r ' Ilxx 

(^i,A(F«echin'Paffiament. *. ' , - ' 48t 

3^. -^ fpeech in Parliament in (Mcoce c^'ihc Canow-Jaade in 

Convflciqoiv • , ; . . ,^g 

«^ Af^ech in Parliamen't cbniccming the power of lifiinm in 

Sed»!ar things. . ,. -. ,..^ tn-'' 4?* 

t > >« < 

*. . * 

■^ M> 4 . *« 

.tf * J %* 9 *' ^ " 

f . 

^« ^ A , < 

^ h^ 1 

. . .: J 

♦ » 

i: t 




Of fome Sjpecialcies of 




In the Life of 

JOS hall; 


Written with his own Hand. 

Dt out of a vain aHedadon of my ovyirGlo- 
ry, which I know how little it can avail 
me, when I am gone hence j but out of a 
fincere d<^re to give glory to nay God, 
/"whofc wonderful Providence I have noted in ail my 
>yaycsj),have I resided fome remaiicable pafTages of 
niy fore-pa A life : what I have done is worthy of no. 

A * thmg 


Some Specialties in the Life 



thing, but filence and forgetiulncfs \ but what God 
hatb done^ me, ts woitSy of evedalBngand tliank- 
full Memory. 

I was bom J ulii 1. 1^74. at five of the dock in- 
theMomuig> iaBrifivW'Farkjt wHhin the Parifliof' 
AJhBy de la Xmch, a Town in Leiceftr4Ure y of 
honeftand well allowed Parentage : my Father was 
an Officer under that truly Hionountbleand Religioav 
Henry Earlof Hmmmfd^t Piiefideot <if cbe Nocth, 
and under him bad the Govcnunent of that Market- 
Town, wherein the chief Sesu: of that Earldome is- 
placed j My Mother tVinifrideyOi the Houfe of the 
Baff^idgesy was^ ft woman oCthat rare SanAity, that: 
( wete it not for my Inteteil in Nature, ) I d uift fay, 
chat ndther v^/e^/i, the mother of that juft Honour of 
Clareval j nor Monkoy nor any otlier of thofe-pious 
Matrons, antiently famous for Devotion, need to difl 
dain her admittance tocomparifon^ She was continue 
ally exercifed with the afHioionof a weak Body, and 
oft of a wounded Spirit, the Agonies whereof, as (he 
would oft recount with mudi pa^n ^ profellTng that 
the greateft bodily fickneiTes were but Flea-bites to- 
thoK Scorpions, fo from them all, atlafl (he fbuadaa 
happyand com&ntabit deIiveranoc,and that not wit3i<i^ 
out a more then ordinary hand of God \ Fim' od, 9h 
time being in great di Axels of Confcience,fhe thought 
in her Dream, there ftood by hera grave Perfbnaeej, 
intheGown, and other Habits of a Phyfitiim, who- 
en^uiiihg of hetcfbtte,. andreceivmg a fad and que* 



of'joL HalL Bi/hop of Norwich . 

ruloos attfwet froti ber, oook her by the hand, and 
bad bit be of good Comfort, Sor mis (hotild be the 
laft Fit thsit ever (he (hould feel of this kmde, tvhere- 
to (he feeitted to anfwer, that upon that condition, 
ihe eould well be content for the tovK, with that, or 
any other torment : reply was njade to her, as (lie 
thoughft, with a redoubfed afUiranee of that hap^y 
iOue ofthis her lad tryai 5 whereat fhe began to con- 
iceive an unfpeakable )oy ^ which yet upon her a- 
'waking lefi^ her more dij&onfolate, as then conceit- 
ing her happinefs imaginary^ her miiery real ; when 
€he very £une day,(he was vifited by therev^rend^and 
•(in lus time)&mous Divine, IWr.>f«*/j<?«y Gi%,under 
Mrhofe Mniftry (lie lived j who, upon the Relation 
of this her pleadng Vi(ion, and the contrary cSc$^ 
it had in her, began to perfwade her, that Dream was 
no other then Divine, and diac (he had good rea(oft 
to think that gradous premonition was fent her from 
Opd himfdf, who, though brdinarily he keeps the 
ccMnmon rode of his proceedings, yet fomettmes in 
the Diftreifes of his Servants, he goes unufual wayes 
to their' relief ^ hereupon (he began to take heart, 
and by good Counfel and her fervent prayers, found 
that Happy predidion verified to her, and upoA all 
jkvxafions in the remainder of her life, was ready to 
tblgniiie the mercy of hec Godin fo fenfible a deli, 
^erance : what with the tryal of both the(e Hands of 
God, fo had (he profited in the School of Chrifl, that 
it was haid for any fiiend to come from her Difcourfe 

A a no 


Some Specialties in the Life 

no whit holier j how ofcen have I bleflcd the memo- 
ry of thofe divine paffages of experimental Divinity, 
.which I have heard iromher motith ! what day did 
{he pafs without a large task of private devotion, 
whence (he would ftill come forth with a Countc. 
nance of undifTembled mortification : Never any lips 
have read to me (iich feeling Ledures of piety j nei. 
.ther have 1 known any Soul, that more accurately 
pradifed them, then hit own j Temptations, Des^- 
fertions, and Spiritual Comforts were her ufual 
Theme. Shortly, for I can hardly take ofT my Pen 
from fo exemplary a fub}ed;, her Life and Death 
were Saint-like. 

My Parents had from nunc In&ncy devoted me to 
this {acred C^ing, whereto, by the bleding of God^ 
fl have feafonably attained ; for this caufe I was train, 
ed up in the publick School of the place; After 
I had fpent fome years ( not altogether indiligehtly ) 
fundcr the Ferule of fuch Ma{tcrs as the place aiFord- 
cd, and had ncer attained to fome competent ripene(s - 
for the Univer{ity ; my School-mafter, bang a great 
Admirer of one Mr. Pelfet-i who was then lately come 
from CafffbridgCy to be the publick preacher of Le/- 
cefler ; ( a man very eminent in thofe times, for the 
fame of hit Learning, but efpecially for his facred 
D^^atory) perfwaded my Father, that if I might have 
my ' Education under fo excellent and compleat a 
Divine, it might be both a nearer, and eafo way to 
his purpofcd exidj^then by an Academical In{Htution ; 
(. .. The 

of]o{. Hall Bijhop of Norwich, 



The motion founded well in my fathers cars, and 
carried fair probabilities, neither was it other then 
forc-compafted betwixt my School-Mafter and Mr. 
Pelfety foasoii both fides it wse entertained with, 
-great forwardnefs. 

The Gentleman , upon eflay taken of my fit- 
nefs for the uie of his ftudies, undertakes within one 
feven years, to fend me forth, no lefle furnifhed with 
'Arts, Languages, and grounds of Theoricall Divi- 
nity, then tbecarefuUef): Tutor in the ftrickteft CoI« 
ledge of either Univerfity ; Which that he might 
affii redly performe, to prevent the danger of any 
mutable thoughts in my Parents,' or my felf, hede. 
fired mutuall bonds to be drawn betwixt us : The 
great charge of my Father, ( wlu>m it pleaied God 
•to blefs with twelve children ) made him the more 
apt to yield to fo likely a pro)c£i for a younger fon ; 
There, . and now were all the hopes of my future life 

upon blafting ^ the Indentures were preparing, the 

time was fct, my fuites were addreifed for the )our« 

ney; VVhat wastheiflue? O God, thy Providence 

made and found ic, Thou knoweft how /jncerely, . i 

and heartily, in thofe my .young years, I did caft my ^r<it^.t j 

felf upon thy hands ; with what faithfuU refolution, '^''' 

I did in this particular occafion rcfign my folf over 

to thy Difpofition, earneftly begging of thee in my | 

fervent Prayers , to order all things to the bed, and. 

confidently waiting upon thy Will for the event ^ 

Certainly, never didi in all my life more clearly 




Some SftcUlitits im the Life 

roU my £elf upon the Divine Prcrvidence, cbeii I did 
in this bu^nefs -y and it fucceeded accordingly ^ It 
fell Oixatcbis time, that my elder brother having 
iame occa&ons to ^ooimey uHio Camhridge^ was 
.kindly entertained there, by Mr. NatkGilhy, Fel- 
low mEmamiel CoHedge^ who, for that he was born 
in the fame Town wiAi me, and had coned vedfbme 
:good opinion o^^y aptnefs to Learning , inquired 
diHf^endy concerning mc ^ and hearing of the Di- 
verfioni of my Fathers pnrpo&d from the UfHVerfity, 
in^rtonatdy dilwaded from that new courfi?, 1^0. 
feffing to ^tty the lofs of fo good hopes. My Bro- 
ther, partly moved widi his words^and partly wonne 
by his own eyes, coa great love, and reverence of 
an Acadetmc^ life, returning home, fdl upon hi« 
knees to my Father, and after the report of Mr. CiU 
bies words, and his own admiration of the place, 
<eamefUy befotight him, that he would be pleafed 
to alter that fo pre^udidall a refohition, tliat he 
would not (uiSer my hopes to be drowned tn a {hal- 
low \ but that he would revive bi$ 
firft purpotes for Cambridge ^ adding in the zeal of 
Ins love, that if the chargeablends of that conrfe 
were the hinderance, hedGd there humbly beieech 
liim, rather to fell ibme part of that land, which 
himfelfflioold in courfe of Nature inherit, then to 
abridge me of tfasc happy meaas to perfeft my e. 

Nofoonerhadlie {pokea chofir words then my 


of Jof. Hall Eijhefef Norwidi. j 

F^icfaer no lefs paffionatety condefoended, not with- 
out a vcbeanent Froteflation, that wfattfirjcvcr it 
might ooft hioDy 1 ihoiald ( God. willing ) be {ent to 
die Univcrfity ; neither were- thofe words {bonec 
OQt of hb fips, dien there was a meilenger from Mr. 
ftlftt knocking at the door, to callnie to ti»t fairer 
bondage, Hgnifying^ that the next day he -expeded^ 
me, with a Idli difpatch of aH that bufine(s \ To- 
M^m my Father leplyed, that he came 4bme mi. 
suDestooIatejthathe had now otherwise determi- 
Bed of me^and with a ic(po6Hve melirage of thanks 
feothcMadcr, lent the man home empty, leaving- 
me full of the tearsof ^oy for fi> happy a change \ in* 
deedl had been but loft, if that pro^e£l had fuc*^ 
coded) as it well appeared in the expenence of him 
wlko fbcQoedtsd in that room , whi(^ was by me 
^us anekpedecUy ibriaken ? O God, how was T 
then taken up with a thankfall acknowk(^ment, 
amd )oy full admiration of thy Graciotis Providenoe- 
over me \ And now I lived in the expcSation of 
Cdminridge i whither ere long I happily came, imdbr 
fAr^Gilbks toidon, together with my worthy friend! 
Mr. Hw^<h ClWwZ^, who, as we had been partners 
ofone IdSbn from our Cradles, fo were we now for 
many year spartneis of one fiisdi My two iirft years 
' TfMxc neceilariiy chargeaUe^ above the proportion' 
of my Fathers power, wlK>fe not very large Ci^ ' 
fiem, was to feed many pipes befides mme ; His 
weadfiei^ of cacggofei vm wrought upon by the: 


S Some specialities in the Life 


Counfel of fome unwifefna»ls, who perfwaded 
h'loi to faAen me upon that Sdiool as Maftcr, wfaect. 
oflwaslatclyaScholler j Now was I fctcfat home 
with an heavy heart, and now this (econd dme had 
mine hopes been nipt in the blofTomei, had not God 
•raifed meup an unhoped Benefa£b)r, Mr., Edmund 
^luigh of Darby ( whofe pious memory I have caufe 
ever to love and reverence ) out of no other relatton 
to me, fave that he mariied my Aunt, pittying my 
too apparent deje&edaefs, he voluntarily urged, and 
folicited my Father for my return to the Univeiiity^ 
and offered freely to contribute the one half of my 
maintenance there, till I (hould attain to the degree 
ofMafterof Arts, which Jie ho lefs really and lo- 
vingly performed j The condidon was gladly ac- 
cepted, thither was I lent back with )oy enou^^* 
and ere long, chofen Scholler of that . ftridct.and 
well ordered Colledge : By that time 1 had fpcnt 
fix yiears diere, now,the thiid year of my Bachelar^ 
{hip, fliould at once both make an end of my main- 
tenance, and in re(pe^ of (landing, give me a capa- 
pity of fiirther preferment in that houfe, were it not 
that my Country excluded me , for our Statute 
allowed but one of a (hire to be fellow there, and 
my Tutor being of the fame Town with me, muft 
therefore necefTarily hold me out ; Biit O my God^ 
how flrangely did thy gr^^cious Providence fetch 
this bufiiie^ about ! I wa» now entertaUui^ motions 
of remove ', A place was ofiered jnein the Ifland <^ 





Garnfey ywlach I had in Speech and Chsife j It fell 
out that the Fathe*- of my loving Chamberf(41ow, 
Mr. Cholmhy^ a Gaitieman.diat;liad-likc-^ 
pendance upon thcmbftNoTjleHewj/ Earl of Huti' 
tingdon, having occafion to goto Torl^} unto that his 
Honourable Lord, fell into fome mention of mej 
That good Earl ( who well cftecmtxl my Fathers 
Service ) having bclikcly heard Tome better words 
of me then I could dcferve, made eameft enquiry 
after me, what were my Courfes ; what my Hopes ; 
and h«iringof the likelyhoodof my removal pro* 
feifed much di{hke of it ; not without fome vehe* 
mence, demanding why I was not chofen Fellow of 
that CoUedge, wnercin by report I received fuch 
approbation ; anfwer was returned, that my Coiin. 
trey debarred mc ^ which being filled vMth my Tu- 
tor, whom his LoidChip well knew, could not by 
the Statute admit a fecond, the Earl prefently re« . 
plycd, that if that were the hinderance he would 
foon take order to remove it ; whereupon his Lord- 
ihip prefently fends for my Tutor Mr. Gilby unto 
Tork^, and with proffer of large conditions of the 
Chaplain(hip in his houfe, and aflbred promifes of 
better provifions, drew him to reHnquiHi his place in 
the Collcdge to a free Ele£iion : No fooner was his 
aflept fignified, then the daj es were fet for the pub- 
lick (arid indeed exquiBte):exafDinadon of the Com- 
{jedtors ; By that time two dayes of the three al- 
otted to this Try al were paft, certain Newcscamc 

B to 


lo Some Specialties in the Life 

CO us of the mexfcSted Death of diac incompata* 
bly ilehgious and Noble Ead of Huramgdm^ by- 
vnkoiR lofs my then difappcaoCBil Tutor muft nece(l 
•farily be left to die wi^ woddi unpiovided for, up- 
on notice thereof I piefently repaired to the MaAer 
pf theCcdleige, tAt.l^TXhadtrton^ andbefought 
htmto tender (faac faacd condition to Twhich my good 
Tutor mud needs bedriven if the Ele^ioti procseed. 
ed \ to ftay any £ifi)ier progrefs in that buiinefs^and, 
to Ipave me to my own good hofcs where(bever^ 
ifvhofe Youth expoied oie both to kis needs, and 
moreopportunitiesofProvifioa; Anfvver wis mide 
Qte, that the place was ptonouiMed vend however, 
and chere&we that my Tutor was iOeveded of ail pofli. 
bili^ of remedy ^ and mi^ wak upon the Provi^ 
dence of God ^r his difpofing eliewfaere, and the 
Eiedion mudnecefiarily prooeodtfae day following ; 
then was I wi^ a cheenul unanimity chofen into 
that Sodety, which -if it had any equals, I dare (ay 
hadnone beyond it, for good order, ftudious carri.'' 
age, fbrickt government, auftere Piety, in which I 
fp«nc fix or (even years mow with fuch -oontenc- 
ment, «s the re A of my li^ bith in vain (iriven Ca 
yield \ Now was I called to publiek Oifputations 
often, with no ill Succeis j for never dur/l I appear in 
any of thofe F^ereifts of Scholarship, fill I bad ffoni 
my Knees lookt up to Heaven for a bleffing, and rew 
sewed my a6hialdependance upon ditc Divine Hand^ 
In this while two years tc^etfaer was I chofeii to the 


of Jof. Hall. Bifhep 4f Nostrich. , 1 1 


Rhckorkk Ledure ift 8het>ubiiGk Schck)!^, where 1 
vtaseneourag^ wicb a fufficicat frequeRce of Audt^. 
tors^ but iincteg thai well appknaed wovk fome- 
what cjut of my \tay,n0t wid^otit a fccret blame of 
my felf for iofmich cKcarfion, I fairly gave mp tbtt 
task ttkthe ittidft of tbofe poor AcclaniatioiK to a 
worthy Siicce^r Mr. Dr.- Dod^ artd betcnok my fcif 
tothofeierfousftudieS) whkh nught fit mc for that 
Hi^ Calling whereurito I wits oMaed'^ wjieieiii 
a£(er I had carefully beftowed my (elf §si a time, I 
took the bddneft to enter into Sicred Orders -y the 
Honour Whereof hsi^tning once attained, I vfU no 
Niggard of that Talent whieh nty Cod bad-entrtifl:- 
ed to me, preaclung often as oocafion was ofkteA^ 
both in Country ViUages abroad^ ted at home in the 
nioft awful Auditory of the Umreriity. And now I 
did but wiit wheM aiad how k would piea(e my Ckid 
to employ me : There was at that time a ^Bkdous 
School ereded at TivertM in De^on-, aiid endowed 
with a very large Penfioii, whofe goodly Fabrick 
wa^ anfwerable to the reported Nbincenanee ', the 
care whereof, was by the rich and bountifal FoiuJkdet 
Mr. BlnndeU caft principally upon the then Lord 
ehief Juftice Popfjam : That faithful Obferyer Inu 
ving great inta^ inite Mafterof ourHot^, Dr. 
Chadertony moved Urn edrneftly to comifietid foine 
Abk^ ieftrned and <fifcreet GovemMir to chaf wtiigh- 
tychiiTge, whofe Action (hould iiotfie^ tobe^ 
math as Ins Over^ht : It pleafed oiir MbRir out of 

B t hi* 


1 2 Some Specialties in the Life 

his good Opinion to tender this condition unto me, 
affaring me of n^mall advantages, and no great toyl, 
iince it vrat intended the main load of the work 
{houM lye upon other (houlders ; I apprehended the 
motion worth the entertaining: Inthat ieyere So- 
dcty our times were Aimed, neither was it wife or 
fafeto refufegood Ofiers .• Mr. Dr. Chaderton car- 
ried me to London^ and there prefented me to the 
Lord chief. Juftkc with much teftimony of Appro- 
bation ; the Judge feemed wdl a^ay'd with the 
choice 5 I promifed Acceptance, He the Strength 
of his Favour : No fooner had I parted f^om the 
Judge, then in the Street a MefUnger presented me 
with a Letter, from the right Vcrtuous and Worthy 
Lady (o£ dear and happy Memory) the Lady Drnry 
of Snffol\y . tendring the Re^fory of her Halfied 
then newly void, and very earneftly defifing me to 
accept of it; Dr, Chaderton obfcrvingin me fome 
change of Countenance, askt me whit the matter 
might be ; I told him the Errand, and ddivered hin» 
the Letter befeeching his advice ; which when he had 
read, Sir (ouoth 1) me thinks God pulls me by the 
Sleeve, and teUs me it is Ins will I ihould rather go to 
thcEaft then to the Well ; Nay ( heanfwercd } I 
fhduld rather think that God would have you go 
•Weftward, for that he hath amtrived your engage- 
Jllenebef<?ffe-tiUe tcodcf irflthis Letter, which there- 
fore cpjnJng-^oolatib^jBay receive a Jfair and cafy An- 
fwer : td this.lbffought him to pard6h my diffent, 

^ adding 

of Jof. Hall Biflwp of Norwich. 1 3 

adding, that I well knew that Divinity was the end 
whereto I was deftin'd by my Parents, which I had 
{o conAantly propofcd to my felf , that I never 
meant other, then to pafs through this VVeftera 
School to it j but I faw that God who found me 
ready to go the £irther way about, how called me 
the nearcft and diredeft way to that facred end j The 
Good man could no further op pole, but only plead, 
ed the diftafte which would hereupon be juftly taken 
by the Lord cliief Juftice, whom I undertook fully 
to fatisfie j which I did with no great difficulty, com- 
mending toh>s LordHiipin my room, my old Friend 
and Chamber.feilow MtXholmley, who finding aa 
anfwerable acceptance difpofed himfelf to the place ;. 
So as we two, who came together to the tlniverfity, 
now muft leave it at once* Having then fixed my. 
^tat Halfted, I found there a dangerous Oppofite 
to the Succefe of my Mim(\ry , a witty and bold 
Athcift, one Mr. Lilly, who by reafoiv of his Tra- 
vails, and Abilities of Difoourfe and Behaviour, had- 
fo deeply infinuated himfdf into my Patron, Sir Ki;- 
bert PrKry, that there was- fmall hope* ("during his 
entirencfa) forme to work any good upon, that 
Noble Patrpn.of mine 5 who by the fuggeftion of 
this wicked Detra&or was fet off from me before 
he. knew me j Hereupon (Iconfefs) finding the 
obdurednefs and hopekfs condition of that man, I 
bent ioiy prayers againft him, befeeching God daily, 

that he would be pleafed to remove by fome means oi^ 



14 S(rtffe Specialities in the Life j 

6cher, that apparent hindranee of my ^tl^ful Iju 
bours^ irho gave ttie an anfwcr accotdngly : For du» 
malicions man going bstftily up to London^ to ex- 
afperate my Patron againft me, was then and there 
fwept away by the Peftilene^, and never wtnxtkdk 
to do any farther MfchieK-, Now the coaft was ckae 
before me, and I gained every day of the good Opi« 
nion and fevoarable refpe^ of that Honourable 
Gentleman, and my worthy Neighbours : Being 
[ now thttr^ibre fetled in that fwcet and civil Coimtry 
i^ Snffolh^^ near to S. t^dmufids-Bury ^ my firft 
wOrk was to build up my heafe which was theA €X-> 
tfreamly ruinous, which done, the uncouth Solitari- 
nefs 01 my life, and the ektream incommodity of 
tbatftngid Houfe-keeping, 6t9w my thou^s after 
two yearsto condefcelid to the nev effity of a Marrt. 
^ eftate^ which God no lefs ftrangely provided lor 
me ; For walking from the Cfaurdi on Nfonday in 
the Whitfort-week^y with a Gfivc and Reverend Mi. 
nifter, Mt, Grandidg^ \ faw a comely and modeft 
Gcntlewomait filnding 9it the Door of that houie 
where we were invited to a wedding-dinner, and en- 
quiring of that worthy l^riend whether ht knew her, 
Yes ("qUoth he) I know hit well, and have befpoken 
her for your wife 5 wb^nl further demanded an ac 
count elf th;^ Anfwer, hfe told me, (he was the 
Daughter of, a Gentleiilstn whom he much re. 
%eiacd , ft&. George •Wintiiff' of BritiAhim , that 
oat of an opini<>n had of fh^ fitneA of chat Match 




ibr me, he had akcady treited with her Fstther 
about it, whom he found very ape to entertain it ^ 
advifing me iK>t to neglei^ the <»ppDrtui;dcy^ and 
not concttting the f nft praifes of the Modefty , Piety, 
good Diipofitton, and other Vertuei ti»t weve 
iCK^ed in that (eeeoly Pre&nce 4 I Hftned to the 
notion as feot from God, and at laft upon due pro. 
£ecatian happily prev^cd, enjoying the comforta. 
ble Society of that meet Help for the {pace of 
iboity nine years : I had not pafled two years in 
this eftale, when my Noble Friend Sir Edmund 
Bac0», viiAi whom I had mudb intitenefs came to 
me, and cameftly foUtdtcd me for my Ompany 
in a J<»u'ney by htm pro)ed!ed ta the Spa in y/r- 

" deuna-, bying before me the Safety, the Eafinefs, 
the rleafure, and the Benefit of that fmall Extra. 
Tagance, if opportunity were taken of that time, 
when the Earl of Hertford pafled m EmbaHTy to the 

* Arch. Duke Albert of Bruxells-, 1 foon yielded, as 
for the reafons by him urged , £0 efpecialiy for 
the great de&e I had to inform my idf ocularly 

I of the State and pra^fe of the Komijh Church i 

' the knowledge whereof mi^t be of no fmall u^ 
to me in my Holy Station -, Having therefore ta. 
Iten careful order for the Supply 01 my Charge, 
wiih the Aflott and good allowance of my neer.' 
eic Friends, I entred into tlus fecret Voyage *, we 

'^ waited fome dayes at Harwich for a winde, which 
wfc hoped m^bt w^ us over to Dunksrk.^ where 





1 6 Some Specialities in the Life 

our Ambaffador had lately landed, but at lad having 
'fpenta Day, and half a night at St a, wc were for- 
ced for want of favour from the wind, to put in ac 
Quinhororp, from whence cxiafling over the Rich and 
plealint Country 6f Kent^ we renewed our (hipping 
at Dover ^ and foon landing at Calais^ we palTed alter 
two dayes by Wagon to the ftrong Towns of Gr^c^e- 
hng-, and Dnnh^rk^-i where I could not but finde 
much horror in my felf to pafs under thofe daitk, 
and dreadfull pri(bns, were fo many brave £ngli(h- 
men, had breathed out their Souls in a miferable 
Captivity. From thence we paiTed through Win^ 
i noxbergy Ipre, Gaunty Courtray, to BrHxelU^ where 
the AwtbafTador had newly fate down before us. 
That Noble Gertleman in whofe Company I tra- 
velled, was welcomed with many kind Vifitadohs, 
amongft the reft there came to him an Englifh 
Gentleman, who having run himfelf out of breath 
in the Inns of Court, had iorfaken his Country, 
and therewith his Keligion, and was turned both 
Bigot ^ndPhyfitianj refiding now in Bruxclsj This 
man after few interchanges of Complement with 
Sir Edmund Bacon fell into a Hyperbolical predica- 
tion of the wonderful miracles done newly by our 
• Lady at Zichem, or Sherpen hea'yelly that is Sharp 
hill', by . hipfms Apricollis j the credit where- 
of when that worthy Knight wittily queftioned, 
he avowed a particular miracle of cure wrought 
by her upon himfelf; 1 coming into the room 


of Jof. Hall Bifljop of Norwich. ' 1 7 

in themidflofthis Difcourfe (habited noc like a 

Divine, but in fuch colour and fadiion as might 

beft fccure my travel, and hearing my Country- 

xnaoi zealous and confident Relaiions,at laft a^kthim 

this queftion, Sir (Quoth I J put cafe this report 

ot yours be granted for true, l befeech you teach 

xne what dif&rence there is betwixt thefe miracles 

which you iay are wrought by this Lady, and thofe 

which were wrought by Vefpaftan by fome Veftalls 

by Charmes and Spells \ the rather for that I have 

notedj in the late publi(hed report of thefe miracles, 

fome Patients prefcribed to come upon a Friday, 

& fome to wa{h in fuch a well before their approacli j 

and divers other fuch obfervations \ 

The Gentleman not expe<fling fuch aqueftion 

from me, anfwered. Sir 1 do not profefs this kind 

of Scholarfhip, but we have in the City many 

famous Divines, with whom if it wouM pleafe 

you to conferr, you nught fooncr recieve fatif- 

lafHon ; I askt him whom he |ook for the moft 

eminent Divine of that place , he named to me 

Father Cofierus-, undertaking that he would be 

very glad to give me conference. If I would be 

pleafed to come up to the Jefuites CoUcdge : 

I willingly yielded j In the afternoon the forward 

Gentleman prevented his time to attend me to 

the Father, ( a§ he ftyled him, ) who ( as he faid ) 

was ready to entertain me with a meetings I 

went alone up with him 5 the Porter {hutting 

• C the 


1 g Some SpeciahUs in tht Life 

the Door after me, welcomed me with a £>e^ 
gratias j I had not {hy*d long in the Jefuites 
Hall, before Caserns came in to me, who ^fter 
a friendly Salutation, fell into a formall fpeech of 
the unity of chat (church, out of which is no Sal. 
vadon, and had proceeded to lecfe his Breath, 
and labour ♦, had not I ( as civilly as I pught ) in- 
terrupted him with this flioit Apfwei"; Sir, I be. 
feech you miftake me notj My Nation telb you 
of wmt Religion I am ; I come not hither out of 
any doubt of my profdFed belief, or any purpole 
to change it, but moving a queftion to this Gen- 
tleman, concerning the pretended miracles of the 
time, he pkafed to reSen me to your felf for my 
Anfwer, which motion of his I was the more 
willing to etnbrace, for the fame that I have 
heard of your learning and worth, and if you can 
givo me fad^adion herdn, I am ready to receive 
it : Hereupon wc fetled to our places, at a Table 
in the end of thr Hall, and. bu^ekled to a fiirther 
difcourfe ; he fell into a poor- and unperfe^ ac- 
count of the <£lFerence of Divine miracles and 
Diabolically which I n\od*flly refuted; from 
thence he flipt into a Cholerick inve&ve againfl 
oiir Church, which (as hefaid} could not ^ield 
one miracle j and when I anfwered, that in our 
Church, we had manifef); proofs of the e)edi- 
on of Divells by f;^ing and prayer, he anfwer. 
«d, that if it couU be proved, that ever asiy DU 



of Jo£ Hall. Bijhof sf Norwich. ' ip 

veil was difpolTeficd in our rhurch, he would quit 
his R.cligion. Many queftions were incidcntly tra- 
Verfcd by us \ wherein I found no fatisfa£^ion 
given me ; The conference was long and vehe- 
ment; in the heat whereof, who fhould come in 
but Father Baldn>in, an Englifli Jefuite, known 
to me, as by face ( after I came to Bmplis ) fo 
much more by Fame; he fate down uponab^nch, 
at the further end of the table, and heard no 
fmall part of our Diflertation, fecming not too 
well apaid, that a Gentleman of hi? Nation, 
( for ftili I was fpoken to in that habit, . by the 
• ftile of Dominatio *vtjira ) fliould depart from 
the Jefuites CoUedge no better fatisfied:On the 
liext morning therefore he fends the fame En- 
glifh Phyfitian to my Lodging, with a courte- 
out compelhdon, profefling to take it unkindly, 
chat his Country-man fhould make choictf of 
any other, to confcrr with, then himfcif, who 
de/ired both mine acquaintance and full fads- 
fa^on. Sr. Edmund Bacort^ in whofe hearing 
the meiTage was delivered, gave me fecret fignes 
of his utter unwillingnefs to give way to my 
further conferences, the iffue whereof Clince 
we were to pafs further, and beyond the bounds 
of that Protefl^ion ) might prove dangerous, I 
returned a mannerly anfwer of thanks to F. 
Baldwin 'i but for any further conference, that it 
were bootlcfe, I could not hope to convert 

C 1 him 


a o Some Specialties in the Life 

him, iiid was refolv*d, he (hould not alter me, 
and therefore both of us (hould reft where we 
were. Departing from BrHJfells wc were for 
Uamnrs, and Liege : in the way we found the 

tood hand of God, in deli vet ing us from the 
anger of frce-bootcrs, and of a nightly entrance 
( amidft a fufpicious convoy ) into that bloody 
City. Thence wc came to the Sf^dane waters, 
where 1 had good leafure to addafc:ond century of 
Meditations to thofe I had publiihed before my jour- 
ney i After we had fpent a jufttime at thofe me- 
dicinall wells, we returned to* Lifge^ and in our 
paiTageup the River Mefa-, I had a dangerous con- 
flift with a Sorbonift, a Prior of the Carmelites y 
who took occafion by our kneeling at the receic 
of the Euchariji^ to perfwadc all the. company 
of our acknowledgment of a Tranfubftantiation ^ I 
I fatisfyed the cavill, (howing upon what ground 
: this meet pofture obtained with us : the man 
' grew furious upoy his convi£Hon, and his vehc/ 
ment afTociates began to^oyn with him, in a right 
do'-wn railing upon our Church, and Religion ^ 
I told them they knew where thtfy were, forme, 
I had taken notice of the , fccurity of their Laws,- 
ii.hibiting any argument held againft their Religion 
eftablifhed, and thereiore ftood only upon my de- * 
fenre,not cafting any afperfion upon theirs, but 
ready to maintain our own, which though 1 per- 
formed in as fair terms as I might, yet the cho- 


I ■ _ L - ■ I 

o/Jof. Hall Bifhop of Norwich. ^-i 

ler of thofc zclots was'fo moved, thae.the palene{s 
of their changed countenances, began to threaten 
fome perillous iffuc, had not Sir Edmund Bacon, 
both by his eye, and by his Tongue, wifely ta- 
ken me ofFi I fubduced my felf fpeedily from 
their prefence, to avoid further provocation^ the 
Prior began to bewray fome i'ufpicions of my 
borrowed habit, and told them, that him felf had 
a green Sattin fuit once prepared for his travells 
into Englandy fo as I found it needfull for me, to 
lyc clofe at Namurs j from whence travelhng the 
next day towatds Brnjfels in the company of two 
Italian Captains, Signlor Af canto "Segro and another, 
whofe name I have . forgotten •, who enquiring in- 
to our Nation and Religion, wondred to hear 
that we had any Baptifmor Churches in England \ 
the congruity of my Latin, ^ in refpe^i of their 
perfeft Barbar'ifme ) drew me and the reft into 
their fufpitioo, fo as I might overhear them mut- 
tering to each other, that we were not t|ic men we 
appeared , ftraight the one of them, boldly expreft 
his conceit, and together wich this charge, began 
to inquire of our condition -y I told him that the 
Gentleman he faw before us, was the Grandchild 
of that renowned Bac^n^ the great Chanoellour of • 
England J a man of gr«it birth and ^ality, and that 
my fdf, and my other companion, travailed in his 
attendance to the Spa j from the train, and under 
the Priveledge of our late Aiiibaflador, with which 
juft anfwer I ftopt their Mouths.. • Re* 

a 2 Some Specialities in the Life 


* ■ - ,J -BB^g^— 

Retundng through BruffeU we came down to 
Antwerp-, the paragon of Cities j where my curi- 
ofity to fee a folemn proceffion on St. John Bi<- 
ftifls Day might have drawn me into danger 
f through^^my willing unrevercncc) had not the 
nulck of a tall Brabanter-, behinde whom 1 flood 
in a Corner of the Street, {hado wed me from notice; 
Thence down the fair river of Scheld-, we came 
to tJlnpingi where ( upon the rcfdution of our 
company to ftay fome hours, I hafled to Middle-^ 
■ burgh to fee an ancient CoUegue 5 That vifit loft 
me my paffage ; ere I could return, I might fee 
our fhip under fail for England^ the Mafler had 
with the vnnd altered his Purpofe, and called a. 
boord with fuch cagernefs, that my Company 
mufl either away, or undergo the hazard ot too 
much lofs : I lookt long after them in vun, and 
fadly retaming to Middleburgh w^ted long, for an 
inconvenient and tempefluous pafla^. 

After fome year and half, it pleafed God in 
^pe6ledly to contrive the change of my flaticm ; 
My means were but Ihort ztHalfied; yet fuch as 
1 oft profefled, if my then Patron \youId have ad- 
ded, but one ten pounds by year f which 1 hdd 
to be the value of my detained due ) I fhould ne- 
ver have removed j One morning as I lay in my 
bed, a ftrong motion was fudderily glanced into 
my thought* of going to London ; I arofe and 
betook me to the way, the ground that appeared 



of Jof. Hall Bijhop of Not wkh. a 5 

T ■ ■■ ■ . . — ■ ■ , ■ 

of that purpofc, wastofpeak wich my Fatron S'v 
Robert Drtiry, if by occa(ion of the publick Preach^ 
erflitpof St. Edmunds Bury^ then offered me upon 
good conditions, I nughc draw luin to a willing 
y teldance of that parcell of my due maintenance, 
which was kept back from my not overr.dcferving 
predeqeiTor ; who 'hearing my eriand diifwaded me 
tromfo ungainfuU a chailge, which had it been to 
my feniible advantage, he fkould have readily 
given way unto ^ but notofi^ring me the expeded 
encouragement of my continuance^ wich him I 
flayed, and preacht on the Sunday following ^ That 
day Sir Robert Drnry-, meeting with the Lord 
penny ^ fell belike into the c<smmenda'ion of ray Ser- 
mon \ That religious and Noble Lord had long 
harboured good thoughts concerning me upon the 
reading of thofe poor pamphlets which I had for- 
merly poblidiedj and long wifh^d the opor-^ 
tunity to know me : to pleafe him in this^ defire, 
Sir Rob. will'd me to go, and tender my fcrvice to » 

his Lord(hip, which I modeftly and feriouily depre- 
cated ; yet upon his earned charge went to his 
Lordfliips gate, where I was not forry to hear of 
his Abfenoe. Being now full of Cold and Diftem. 
per in Prury-Uney I was found outb3'a iriend, in 
whom I had formerly no great intereft, one Mr. 
Gurrey Tutor te the Earl of Ejfex ; he told me how 
well my Meditations were accepted at the Princes f.Henrj^ 
Court i and eameftly advifed me to flep over to 


24, Some Sfecialitiei in the L>ife 

Kichmond-, and preach to his Highnefs : I ftcoiigly 
pleaded my indifpoiition of body, and my inpre- 
paracion for any fuch work, together with myhafh* 
nill fears, and utter unfitnefs for fetch a prefence ^ 
my averfncfs doubled his importunity \ in fine, he 
left me not till he had my ingagcment to preach the 
Sunday following at Richmond : he made way for:, 
me to that awfull Pulpit, and encouraged me by the' 
favour of his Noble Lord the Earl ofEjfex : I pre achtj- 
through the faTOur of my God, that Sermon was 
not fo well given as taken j In fo much as that Sweet 
Prince, {ignified his Defire to hear me again the 
Tuefday following, which done, that labour ^ave 
more contentment then the former , So as that gra- 
cious F rince, both gave me his hand and comman- 
ded me to his Service, My Patron feeing me (up- 
on my return to London ) lookt after by fome 
great Perfons, began to wifh me ait home, and told 
me that fome or other would be fnatching me up, 
I anfwered that it was in his power to prevent, would 
he be pleafed to make my maintenance, but fo com. 
petent as in right it {hould be, I wo uld never ftir 
ii'om him: indeed of condefccnding, it pleafed 
him to fall into an cxpoftulat'on oftheiate of com- 
petencies, affirming the variablenefs thereof, accoir* 
dingtooui' own eftimation, and our either raifing 

• or moderating the caufes of ourexpences ; I (how'd 
him the infufiiciency of ray means, that I was for- 

• ced to write books to buy books : Shortly, fome 


of Jot Hall Biffjop of Norwich. 55 

harfli and ulipleafing anfwei, fo- dfeheartned.' m^ 
that I refolv'd to embrace the firft Oportiinuy of 
my remove ; Now whiles Iwas taken up with 
thefe anxious thoughts, a meflirtgier = (it'iWas Sii^ 
Kohert' Wingfeld oi NMhhamptons {onne ) cam6 
to me from the Lord Denny ^ ( now Earl of Nor- 
wich) my after-moft-honourable Patron, entreat- 
ing me from his Lordflttp to fpeak- With him; 
No foon^r canM I thither, then iftet^ a gl^^ ^"^ 
Noble welcome, I was entertained, wiih the eaf- 
neft offer of Waltham. The c<»tidici<Mis' were Kfce 
the mover of them, free and Ibcmntifull : I .receive 
ed them, as from the muntfiisent ^hand of my 
God j and returned full* of the checrfull acknow- 
ledgments of a gracious providence over me •, Too 
late now did my former Noble iFMfyBn relent, and 
of&r me thofe termes whidi^had before faftened- 
me for ever; I returned home happy 'in a riew 
Maftcr, and in a new Patron i betwixt whom, I 
Divided my felf and mylabbttrs, with much 
comfort and no lefs acceptation; In the fecond 
year, of mine attendance on his Highnefs, T/vhen 
I came for my Difmi(noii,>ltom that moiiethly fer- 
vice, it ' pleafed ^e P rkic^to command ine a longer 
ftay, and at laft upon mine allowed departure, 
by the mouth of Sir Thomas Challomri his Go. • 
vemour^- to tender- iinto me a motion of -more 
honour tand'i^vour then' I was worthy ofj' which 
was, that it was hisHighti^fs pleafure, and *pur- 

D pofe, 




Some Specialties in the Life 


pofc, .to. have me contiiraall^ji: resident at the Court 
iis a conftant attendant, whiles the reft hedd on 
their wonted viciflicudes j for which purpofe 
hb Htghneff would obtain for me fuch prefer- 
ments as (hould yield roe full contentment : I 
returned my humbleft thanks, and my readineis 
to facrifice my felf to the (ervioe of fo gracious a 
Maflier^ but htiot. confcioub to my felf of my 
^anfw<?rablenefs CO ib great expedation, and loath 
to for(ake fo Dear and Noble a Fatrotty who 
bad placed OMieh of fats Heart upon me, I did mo- 
deiUy ptit It off, and hekl clo& to my Waltham ; 
where in a conftant eourfe, I preach'd a long 
time, ( as I had done alfo at Halfied before ) 
thrice in the week, yet never durft I climbe into 
the Pulpit, to preach ^ny: Sermon, whereof I had 
fiot before in my poor, and plain fafliioo^ pen> 
ncd every word in the (ame Order, wherein i 
hoped to deliver it, akhough in the exprcdion I 
lifted not to be a ihre to Syllables. 

In this While my worthy kinfman, Mr. Samn-* 
el l^srton Archdeacon of CUceBer, knowing in 
bo\v g<>od terms I ftood, at Omrt^ aod pittying 
the miferabte condicion af Ihs Native Ghucx£ 
of W^htrhamftuHy was very dcftrous to engage 
me info difBcuIt, and Noble :» Service, at the re. 
demption of that oaptivaced Cbitroh^ Fo^ which 
dHife he importun a . me to move ibme of my^ 
fiieadi) to folicic the Dean of Wmlffr, ( who 



of JoC Hall. Bijhof <f Norwich. ay 

by an antient annexation is Patron thereof, for 
the g'aimt of a pamcular Prebend, when it 
(ho«}d fall vacant in tiiat Church, an(^ver was re- 

' tum'd. mc, that it wa^ fore-promifed to ortc of 
my feDow Chaplains ; I fate down widiout far*, 
ther CKpeBation ; (bme year or two after, hear^ 
ing that it was beoome void, and meeting with 
that felk>w Chaplain of mine ', I wi(nt hini 
much fcfv of die Prebend j He askt me if it 
were void ^ I aflbred him {o \ and telling him 
of the foimer answer delivered to me in my Ig. 
norance, of his ingagemont, wi(ht him to faaftea 
his i^offeflion of it. He delayed not ; when 
he came to the Dean ai Windfor^ for his pro. 
imfed difpatch, the Dean brought htm forth a 
Letter from the prince, wherdn he was defireJ, 
and charged to reverie his former irigagement 
( (ince that other Chaplain was otherwifc pro- 
vided for } and to caft that favour upon me ; 
I was fent for, C who Icaft thought of it) and 
received the free Collation of that poor dignitie, 
It was not tlie value of the place, ( wluch was 

' but ninetene Nobles fer animm ) that we aimed 
at, but the freedome of a goodly Church, fcon- 
fifting of a Dean and eight Prebendaries compe- • 
tently endowed ) and many chotifand fouls, la- 
mentably fwallowed up by wilful! Reculants, in a • 
ptetendcd Fee-farme for ever j O God, what an 
•hand hadfl; '' thou in the carriage of this work I 

D 2 when 

■ ■Ill ' i U fmmmmmm^ mil ,, , „ — — i^i—— ■— — w^n— — «W— ' ■ | 

38 Some Specialties in the Life 

when we fet toot in this luit (lor another of 

the Prebendaries )(xyned with me ) we knew not 

wl^eretn to iniift) nor^ whene t0 ground a. com. 

iplaint, only we knew that a CJoodly Patrimony 

3ivas by faccrilegioiis conveyance detained from 

the Church. Butinthe purfuit of it fuch marvel 

lous licht opened if fclf inexpe^edly :to'u$, in 

revealuLig yt ^ counterfeit fealj tbiin^l in the aihes 

ioflhi^' turned hoafe ;of a falfe Kegt^er ^ in the 

manil^^tion * of raibres, and interpolations, and 

n^dates x>f itn)uftf^^ble eyid^ces, that after many 

^ears fuit, xhe wif(9 and; honourable Lord Chan. 

cellor Ellefmere upoti a full hearing, adjudged thefe 

two fued for Prebends, clearly to be returned to 

th« Cliurch) untill by common law, they could 

( if poffibly ) be revised ; Our great adverfary 

Sr. Walter [Levefony finding it but loft and trouble 

to Aruggle for litigious (heaves, came off to a 

peac«^ble compofition with me of 40'. per annum 

for my part, whereof ten (hould be to the dif-- 

charge of my ftall in that Church, till the fuic 

(hould by courfe of Common law be detemu- 

ned j we agreed upon fair Wat«. The caufe 

was heard at the Kings Bench Barrj where afpe- 

ciall verdift was ^iven for us ; Upon the deatli 

of my panner in the fuit, (in whofe name it had 

now been brought ) it was nepcwed j a J ury em- 

pnnellcd in the County j the Foreman ("who 

had vowed he would ^arry it for Sr. Walter Le- 

.. ; : ' ' ' 's^efon 

4f]oC, Hall Bi/hop of Noryfkh, ^q 

vefon howfocver ) was before the day, ftricken 
- mad, and fo continued ; we proceeded with the 
fame fuccefs we formerly had 5 whiles we. were 
tliUf ftriving, X word fell from my advcrfary, 
that gave me intimation, that a third dog would 
perhaps come in, and take the bone from us 
both *, which I finding to drive at a fuppofcd 
conceJilment, happily prevented, for I prefently 
addrelTed my felf to ^is Majefty, with a Peti- 
tion for the renewing thechaiterof that Church j 
and the full cflabUfliment of the Lands, Rights, 
Liberties, thereto belonging ; which I eafily ob- 
tained from thofe Gracious hands j Now Sr. Wal- 
ter Levefon-, feeing the patrimony of the Church, 
fo fad and fafely fetled ; and mifdoubting what 
ifTue thofe his crafie evidences would find at the 
Common la««r, b^an to incline to offers of peace, 
and at lail drew him fo farr, as that he yielded 
to thofe two many condicions, not partKjuUrly 
for my felf, but wr the whole body of all thofe 
Prebends which pertained to the Church j Firft 
that he would be content to caft up that Fee- 
farm, v\^icb he had of all the Patrimony of that 
Church, and difclaming it, leceivc that which he- 
held of the faid Church by leafe, from u$ the fe- 
vcrall Prebendaries, for term, whether of years, 
or ( which he rather de(ired ) of Lives. Secondly 
that lie would raife the maintenance, of every 
J'rcbend, ( whereof fome were but forty fhillings^ 



66 Sffme Sptcialitief iH tbehrfe. 

otheiB -diree, pounds, othect four^ &c. } co the 
yearly vadue of thirty pounds to ' csich man, 
during the {aid terme of hb Leafc, only £or a 
monument of my labour and ikcceis hprdm I re- 
quired that my Frebend might have the addition 
of ten pounds per atmum, zhove the fellowes ^ 
We were bufily treating of this happy match 
for that poor Church ; Sr. Walter Levtfon was 
jiot only willing but forward ^ The then Dean 
'Mr. AntoniHsde Donrinist Ardibifliop of SpgUtay 
gave both way and furtherance to the difpatck, 
all had been moft happily ended, had not the 
fcrupuloufnefs, of one or two " of the Nunvber, 
di^eredfb advantageous a coiacSufioni la the 
mean while Sr. VFaker -Le^efoa dyes, leaves 
his young Orphan Ward to the King, all our 
hopes were now blown up i An office was fi>und 
of all thofc Lands, the wry wonted payments 
were denyed, and I ca1l*d into the Court of 
Wards, in fiiir likelyhood, to fbrgoe my for- 
mer hold, and yielded pofleffion.- but there, it 
was^uftly awarded by the Lord TrcaftiFer, then 
Mafter of the Wards, that the Orphan could 
have no more, no other right then the Father : 
I was therefore left in wy former ftate, only up- 
on publick complaint, of die bard conibcidn 
Vvherein the Orphan was fcft, I fiififered my fdf 
to be over-intreated, to abate fomewhat of that 
evided compoHtion : which work having once 


of Jof. Hall Bifhop of Norwich. ^ i 

firtnely fetled, in a juft pitty of the mean pro* 
viiion, if not the Deftitutioft of fo many thoui 
iand fouls, and a defire, and care, to have them 
comfortably provided for ip the fotiire, I refigncd 
up the faia Prebend to a worthy Preacher, Mr. 
Iyer, who (hould conftantly r^fide there, and pain- 
fully Inftru£l-, that great and long ncgleci^ed ;pco. 
pie-, which he hath hitherto performed, with 
^reat muctiall contentment and happy (uccefs ; 
Kow during this 2 a years which I fpcnt at VVaU 
tham ; thiicc was I commanded and employed a- 
broad by his Ma^efty in publick fervice. . 

Firft in the attendance of the Right Honoura- 
ble Earl of CarliU, (then Lord Vifcount Don* 
cafier ) who wis fent upon a Noble Embaffy, 
with a gallant retinue into France j whofe inter- 
ment there, the Annalls of that Nation will tell to 
poftciity. In the midft of that fervicc was I fur- 
prized with a mifcrable Diftemper of body j which; 
ended in a Diarrhaa Biliofa, not without fome 
beginnings and further threats of a Dy fernery j 
wherewith I was brought fo low, that there fecm* 
xd fmall hope of my recovery, Mr.. Peter Motf- 
lin ( to whom I was beholden for his frequent 
vifitations J being feht by my Lord Embaffador,, 
tp inform Urn of my eftate, brought him fo fad 
l^cwes thereof, as that he was ?puch affliaec^ 
thcfewith, well fuppofing his wcjcom to VVaU 
tham, couH not but wont mucLof the heart with^ 

• .* «*■ 



Some Specialities in the Life 

out me: Now the tune of his returnc drew on. Dr. 
Moulin, kindly offered to remove mc, upon his 
Xordftitps departure , to his own houfe, promi- 
iing me all carefull tendance ^ I thankt him ; but 
refolv'd, if I could but creep homewards to put 
my felf upon the Journey. A Litter was provi- 
ded, but of fo little eafe j thac Simeons peniten- 
• tiall lodging^ or a malefaf^ors fiocks, had been 
Icfspenall: I crawled down from my clofe Cham- 
ber into that carriage, In qua 'videharis mihi ef- 
ferriy tanquam in fandapila-, as Mr. Mok/zh wrote 
to me afterward 5 that Mifery had 1 endured in 
all the long pallage, from Paris to Dtep, being 
left alone to the furly Mnleters, had "not the pro- 
vidence of my good God brought nic to St. 
ijermnns, upon the very minute of the fetting 
out of thofe Coaches, which had ftay'd there up- 
on that mornings entertainment of my Lord Am" 
hajfador 5 How glad was I that I might change my 
feat, and my company ; in the way, beyond all ex. 
peflation, 1 began to gather fome ftrength, whether 
the frefli Air, or the defjres of my home re- 
vived me, fo- much, and fo fudden reparation 
enfued, as was fenfible to my felf j and feemcd 
ftrange to others j Being (hipped at Deep the Sea 
ufed us hardly, and after a Night, and a great 
part of the Day following, fent us back well 
• wind- beaten, to that bleak haven whence we fet 
forth, forcing us to a more pleafing land-paiTage, 

tb rough 




0/ Jof. Hall. Bi/hop of Norwich. 33 

through the Coafts of Normandy and Ficardy j to- 
wards the end wkereof, my fisrmer complaint retur. 
fied upon me, and Landing with me, accompanied 
me to, and at my long Deficed home^ In this my 
abfence, it pleafcd his Majefty, gracioufly, to con- 
ferr upon me the Deanry of yVorcefier-, which be- 
ing promifed to me before my Departure, was 
deeply hazarded whiles I was out of fight, by the 
Importunity and underhand working of fome great 
ones ; . Dr. Field, the learned and worthy Dean of 
CUceSier, was by hi« potent Friends put into fuch 
aiTurances of it, that I heard where he took care for 
the furnidiing that ample houfe ; But God fetcht it 
about for me, in that abfence and Nefcience of 
mine ^ and that Reverend, and better Deferving 
Divine, was well fatisfied with greater hopes j and 
foon after exchanged this Mortall eilate, for an 
Immortall and Glorious j Before I could go dowa 
through my continuing weakncfi, to take poiledion 
of that Dignity, his Majefty pleafed to dciign me to 
his Attendance into Scotland -, where the great 
love, and refpe£i: that I found, both from the 
• Mnifters, and Feople, wrought me no fmall en- 
vy, from forae of our own, upon a commonly 
received fuppofition, that his Ma)efty would have 
no further ufc of his Chaplains, after his remove 
from EdenboroHgh-, ( for as much as the Divines of 
the Country, whereofthereis great ftore and wor- 
thy choice, were allotted to every ftation) I eafily 

E " ob- 


2 A Some Specialties in the Life 


obtained, through the Solicitation of my ever 
Honoured Lord of Carlile, to return with him 
before my fellowes. No fooner was I gone, theft 
fuggcftions were midc to his Majefty of my over 
plaufible Demeanure and do6):rine to that already 
pre)udicate people, for whidi his Majefty, after 
a gradous acknowledgment of my good^ fcrvice 
there done, called me upon his tetum to « favours- 
ble and milde account j not more freely profef- 
fing what Informations had been given againftme, 
then his own full Satisfadion, mih my iincere 
and )ull anfwer ; as whole excellent wifdom well 
faw^ that fuch winning carriage of mine could 
be no hinderance to thofe his great Defignes ; 
At the lame ti-iie his Majefty having fecret notice, 
that a Letter was coming to me from Mr. W, 
Struther^ a Reverend and Learned Divine of £- 
-denhordugh-i concerning the five points, then pro- 
pofed, and urged to the Church of Scotland j 
Vvas pleafed to impofeupon me an eamcft charge, 
to give him a full anfwer in fatisfaf^ion to thofe 
his modeft Doubts ; and at large to declare my 
Judgment concerning thofe required Obfervati- 
ons, which I fpeedily perform'd with fo great 
approbation of his Majefty, that it plea fed him 
to command a tranfcript thereof, as I was inform- 
ed, publickly read in their moft famous Univcr- 
fity j The .eflfeft whereof his Majefty vouch- 
fafed, to (jgnifie aftcrwai-ds, unto fome of my 


<IKBSmeKsemaamma9aB^taSSS!^^''¥^fmmmm>immmmmmmammm^mmm,^mmtimmmt^mmmmmmi f 

Norwich. 95 

f>cft firiends, with allowance beyond my hopes. 

It was not long after, that his Majefty find- 
ing tlie exigence of the affairs, of the Nether- 
i^andifli Churches to require it; both advifed 
them to a Synodicall decifion , and by hii iiux>m- 
jparable wifdom, promoted the work; My un- 
jvorthinefs was named for one of the Afilftants 
of ;that honourable grave and reverend meeting, 
where I failed not of my beft fervice to that 
-wofiilly diftraded Church ; By that time I had 
Hayed fom& two Moneths there, the unquietnefs 
. of the Nights, in thofc Garrifon Towns,- work-, 
ing upon the tender difpofitioti of my Body, 
brought mc to fuch weaknefs through want of 
K.eO:, that it began to disable me Trom atten. 
ding the Synod, which yet as I might, I forced 
my {elf unto as willing that my Zeal6 couid 
have difcountenanced my infirmity ^ where in 
the mean time, it is well worthy of my thankful! 
remembcance, that being in an afHi£^ed and Jan- 
giufhing condicion, for a fortnight together with 
that (Iceplei^ dift«mper, yet it pleafed God, the 
very Night before I was to preach the Latin 
• Sermon to the Synod, to beflow upon me fuch 
. a comfortable rc&e(hing of fuflficient deep, as, 
whereby my fpirits were revived, and I was ena- 
bled with much v^our and Vivacitie to perform 
that {ervice; wUch was no fooner done then my 
ibrmer £oniplaint renewed upon me, and pre- 

E 3 vailed 

^5 Some Specialties in tlye Life 


vailed agatnft all the remedies that the counfeit 
of phy(itians could advife me unto -, Co as after 
long ftiifc, I was compelled to yield unta a 
retirement (for the time) to the Hague^ to ice 
tf change of place and more carefuU attendance, 
whi<^ 1 had in the houfe of our Right Honour. 
aWe Ambaffador, the Lord Carleton ( now ViC 
count Dorchejier ) might recover mc j But 
when notwittiftanding all means, my weaknefs 
increafed fo £irr, as that there was fmalllike. 
lyhood \dk of fo much ftrength remaining, as 
might bring vnc back into England-, tt pleated 
his gracious Majefty, by our Noble Ambaila* 
dors folicitation, to call me off, and to fubftitute 
a worthy Divine Mr, Dr, Goade in my unwil. 
lingly forfaken room. Returning by Dorty Ifenc 
in ray fad farewell to that ^rave Affembly, who by 
common vote fent to me the Prefident of the 
Synod, and the Adiftants, with a refpe&ive and 
gracious valedi£Uon; neither did the Deputies 
of my Lords the States negle<^ ( after a very re- 
fpe&mll complement fent from them to me by 
Daniel HeinfiHs ) te viiit mc j and after a No- 
ble acknowledgment of moi-e good fervice from 
me, then I durft own, difmided me with an 
Honourable retribution, and (ent after me a rich 
• Medall of Gold, the portrai£^ure of the Synod, 
for a^ precious Monument of their' refpeS:s to my 
poor indeavQurs, who failed, not whilei I was at 


of Jof. Hall Bijhop of Norwich. 


the HagHCy to impart unto them my ''poor ad- 
▼ice, concerning the proceeding of that Synodi* 
call meeting ; The (fifficulties of my return in 
fiich weakncfs were many and great -, viherein) 
if ever, God manifefted his fpeciall Providence to 
me, in over-ruling the crofs accidents of that 
pafTage, and after many dangm and delpairs, 
contriving my iavc arrivalL 

After not many yeiars fctling at home, it griev- 
ed my foul, to fee our own Church begin to 
/icken of the fame diieafe which we had endea- 
voured to cure in our Neighbour^t j. Mr. Monta^ 
gues tart and v&l^ment afierttoni, of fome po/i- 
tions^ neer of kin to the Remonflrants of Nether, 
land, gave occafion of raifingi np ftnall broil in 
the Churchj Sides were taken> Pulpits every where 
rang of thefe editions ;:bat Pailliaments took no« 
tice of che division, and queflioncid the Occalio. 
ner ; Now as one that deitred to do all goodoffi. 
ces to our dear arid commcw Mother, I fee mv 
thoughts on work, how fo dangerous a quarrell 
might be happily compofed ^ and^ finding that 
mif-faking : was more guilty qf this difTcntion, 
then 'mis4)elieVing ; ( plannly appeared 
to me, that Mr. Montague meant to exprefs, not 
• Arminiuf-, but B. Otferally.a more modcsiSfi and 
fafc- Amhour,ihowevclr^befp!ed ,in dpliycry of 
hiiA;^! wrote 'a little f€o)c6k of Pa4ficatioa, 
whereiii I defined to teSdfy iiie ^udgo^nt of men, 
• con-- 



28 Some Specialitiet in the Life 

ccmcemipg this miiaipprehefidcd concroverfy-^ 
{ho wing them the true parties in c^s unfeafona^ 
ble Plea j and becaule B, Overall went a inid« 
way, betwixt the two opinions which be held 
extream, and tnuil needs therefore fomewhat 
differ irom the commonly-rccetved tenet in 
thefe points, I gathered out 9f B. Overall on 
the one iide, and out of onr JE Qgli(h Pivines 
at Dort on the other,, (iich. cofBmon propo. 
fitiom oncerning thefe five bufy A/tides^ a; • 
wherein both or them arc fully agreed ^ All 
which being put together, . ieemed unto me ,t^ 
make up ib fufficient a body of accorded Trntb, 
that all other quefltons moved heri?,about$, ap.. 
peared merely fuperfloous, aod every moderate 
Chriftian, might find whece . to reft himfelf, 
without hazard of' Contradidion : Thefe I made 
bold l^ the hands of Da Toung the worthy 
Dean oi Wimheferr to pre{cnt to his Excel- 
lent Majefty, together with a humble motion, of 
a peaceable filence to be in^oyncd to both 
parts, in thole other collaterall, and needlefle 
difquisitiofis : which if they might befit the 
Schools of Academical! difputants, could not 
certainly found w^U ftom the Pulpits of popu- 
lar Auditories ; Thofe reconciliatory papers fell 
under the eye* ^ of (pme Grave Divines on both 
parts, Mr. Mfriitdpie yoox^ei that he h^icen 
i^em, and W9q14 fubfcribe to tHem very w<U 



of }oC Hall Bi^tf/r of Norwich. ^p- 

liiigly ^ others that were contrarily minded, both 
Engltfli, Scotifli, and French Divines, profered 
their hands to a no lefs ready fubfcription ; So 
as much peace promifed to refult, out of that 
weak and poor enterprife, had not the confufed 
noife of the mifconftruftions of thole, who ne- 
ver faw the work, ( crying it down for the 
very Names fake ) meeting with the royall e- 
diSt of a general Inhibition, buryed it in a fecure 
^lence. I was {botched a little with this flame, 
which I defircd to Quendi; yet this could not 
'{i^y my hand from thrufting . it ielf, into an 
hotter fire. 

Some infolent Romanifts ( Jefuites cfpecially ) 
in their bold dlfputacions ( which in the time of 
the treaty of theSpanifti Match, and the calme of • 
that Relaxation, were very frequent,) preffed no- 
thing fo much, a^ a Catalogue of the Profeffois 
of our Religion to be deduced from the primi- 
tive times, and with the peremptory challenge 
of the i mpoffibility of this P edigree dazeled the 
eyes of the fimple •, whiles fome of our learn- 
ed men, undertaking to fatiify fo needlefs and 
unjuft a demand, gave, as I conceived, great ^d- 
vanta^e to the Adverfary ; In a Juft Indignation 
to fee us thus wrong'dby mif ftatein? the Quefti- 
on betwixt us, as if we, yielding our fdves of 
an other Churc^i, Ori^ally and fundamentally 
different, (hoald make good our own^ erefrion 



AO Some Specialities in the Life 

upon the Ruines, yea, the Nullity of iheii», 
and well coniidering the Infinite and great in- 
conveniences, that mufi needs follow upon this 
defence, I adventured to fet my pen on work; 
defiring to redifie the Opinions of thofe men, 
whom an ignorant zeal bad tranfported, to the 
prejudice of our holy Caufe, laying forth the 
•Damnable corruptions of the Homan Church, 
yet making our game of the outward vifibility 
thereof, and by this means putting them to the 
probation, of thofe newly obtruded corruptions 
which are truly guilty of the breach betwixt us; 
The drift whereof, being not well conceived, by 
fome fpirits, that were not fo wife as fervent, 
I was fuddenly expofed to the ra(h cenfures of 
many well aficf^ed and zealous Protedants, as if 
I had in a Remidion to ray- wonted zeal to the 
Truth attributed too much to the Roman Church , 
* and ftrengthncd the adverfafies hands and wcak- 
«ed our own j This envy I was fain to take off 
by my fpeedy Apologeticall _ advert! fment, and 
B. Mtr- after that by my Reconciler, feconded with the 
*»«• unamino'js Letters of fuch Reverend, Learned, 
mant. fouird Divines, both £ifliops and Do£lors, as 
Dr. ?M-whofe undoubtabJe authority, was able to bear 
£mM' <Jown calumny it felf j which done I did by a 
«"»/>. fcafonable moderation provide for the Peace of 
the Church, in Hlencing both my defendants and 
challengers, in thb unkind and ilLraifed quarrell; 



KMr I li ■ , I ■ ■ ■ .li* I ■ ■■■■ ■ !■■■ I 

#/Jof. Hall Bijbof 0/ Norwich. 41 

Immediately before the Publilhing of this Tradatc, 
( which did not a little aggravate, the envy and 
fufpicion ) I was by his Majefty raifcd to the Biflio- 
prick of Excrter,having formerly Cwith much hum- 
ble Deprecation ) refufed the See of Ghcefier ear- 
ncftly proficred unto me 5 How beyond all cxpcfta- 
tion it pleafed God to place me in that Weftern 
chargc-,which(if the Duke oi Bucktnghams Letters, 
he being then in France-, had arivcd but fome hours • 
fooher ) I had been defeated of; and by what ftrange 
means it pleafed God to make up the Competency 
ofchatprovifion, bytlieanthoughtor addition of 

• the Reaory of St. Brwi^ within that Diocefs, if I 
ihould fully relate^ the Circumilancei, would force 
the ConfeflloB oi an extraordinary hand of God 
in the difpofing of thofe events j I entred upon 
chat place, riot without much pre)udice and fufpici- - 
on on iom^ bands ; for fome that fate at the fteme. 
of the church, had me m great Jeloutie for too much 

• &vour of Puritsmifme ; I foon had intelligencewho. 
. were fet over me for efpialls ; my ways were Curi- • 

oufly obferved, and fcanned j However ! took the' 
refolution t6 ^Uow thofe cqiirfes which might moft 
conduce to the Peace and happineft of my New and 
woghcy charge ^ finding therefore fomen&ous fpi. 
TVb Very ^fit in that Dxooefs, I ufed all fair and gen-' 
tie means to win them to good order; and therein 
fo happily Iprevailed, that ( faving two of that nu- 
merQUi!Clcrgy,^ho continiung in xheir xefra^ori' 
• F ' ncfs 


J. 2 Some Specialties in the Life 

nefs fled away from oenfure^ J they were all perfidy 
reclaimed ; fo as I had not one Miniftcr protcfledly 
oppoflte to the anciently received orders ( for I was 
never f!:uilty of urging any new Impofitians ) of the 
Church in that large JDioce^ ; Thqs we went on 
comfortably together, till fome perfoos of note in the 
Clergy, betngguiltyof their own negligence' md 
diibrderly coorfes, be^^ to eoYy our fuccefs ^ and 
^ding me ever r^uly to encourage thofe whom I * 
found oonfdonably fbrwafd> and oaiafoll in thar 
places, and willingly givin|F way no Orthodox and 
peaceable Le&ures in feverall parts of my Diocefs, 
opened their mouths againft me, both obliquely in 
the Pulpit, and dire^ly at the Court; complaining 
of my too much lodutgenoe to perfons difafl[ede{ 
and my too much liberty of frequeni: Ledurings 
vrithin my charge. The billowei went (o high, diat I 
was three fev^dl times upon ray knee to Ms M>« 
]|efl:y4 to anfwer the^ great Criminations,-and what 
Conteftadon 1 had with fome great Lords' coAcem* 
ing theife paniculars, it would be too long to report; 
omy this; «nder how d|U4i a Clciod I washeirupon, 
1 waa ib £ro/ible; chat i plainly told the ixHd Arch. 
h'lJhoj^ofC^fKer, ^hut rather tbcD i would be obnoxi- 
ens to tMeihnderous tongues of hismidnfprmers, 
1 would caft u|pt iny . Rochet-, I knew I wen^ right 
waYes,^nd would nQt induce to kve under undeiav 
ved Tuipudpns ; wliat Qie^ages ofcaution.I ha^ from 
fome of i^y wary ^retbrcn, and what fypofidlatorf 


of JoC Halt Bijh^p (f Norwich. 43 

Lecter$)jfaftd from above, I need net relate; Sure I 
am I had f mce, andc&mfett n home, in the happy 
icfife of chat general 1 URanimicy, and loving corre- 
{pondeuoe of my Cki^y, till in the laft yeai- of my 
prefidlng there, tfi«r the SynodkaM Oath was fet on • 
ibot, ( which yet i did nevertetider to* any one Mi« 
itiii^ of my £>iooe& ) by tHeincitanen^KRne bu(te 
fntcrtopei-s of the iieigbboHr Goan^,, fome of 
tkem began to tattx into )ui oriktnd conteftaiion 
with vBii^ mbotn the ele£He« of Clerks of the con vo. 
cation ; whomthey.fecredy, without ever acqaaint- 
ing me with their de/ire or purpofe ( as driving to 
that end which we fee now accomplifhed ) would 
needs nominate and fet up in Competition to thofe, 
whom t had ( after the ufuall form ) recommended 
to them ; That they had a right to free voices in that 
<%oice, I denyed not ^ onTy 1 had reafbn to take it 
unkindly, that they would work underhand without 
me, and againft me j profeiltng that if they had be«. 
forehand made their defircskno^ to me, I (hould 
wilHngly have gone along with them in their e- 
]e8ion ; It came to the Poll ; Thofe of my Nomi- 
nation carried it , The Parliament begun \ After 
fome hard tugmng there, returning home upon a re« 
ce6r; *f "wscnnef on the way, and cheerfiiny wclir- 
com'd with fome hundreds : In no worfe terms, I 
left that my once dear Diocefs ■<: when returning to 
Weflminifier-i I was foon call'd by his Ma)e(ly ("who 
was then in the North ^ to a remove to Honpich : 

..Fa Ibut 

44 Some Speciahies in the Life 

^— ^*^* ■ ■ » m m 

but how 1 took the Tower ia my way : and haw I 
have been dealt with (ince my repair hither, I could 
be Lavifli in the fad report, ever defiring my Good 
God, to enlarge my heart in Tliankhilnefs to lum, 
for the fenfible experience I have had of his fatherly 
hand over me, in the deepeft of all my Afflidions, 
and to ftreng^ien me, for whatfoe ver other tryalls, 
he (hall be pleafed to call me unto : That being 
found faithnill unto the Peath, I may obtain that 
Crown of life, which he hath Ordained for all thoije 
that Overcome. 

J^^A. ^•^ ^a^* . . ■^^— ^^M^^^^^^^^^^^-^^ 


■ ' ' mm^^kSt^ 



Bifliop HALL'S 


Otbing could be more plain, then tbat upon 
the Call of this Parliament, and before, 
there was a general Plot and Refolucion 
of the Fa^on to alter the Government of 
the Church efpecially, the height and infblency of 
Come Church-goVemours, as was conceived, and the 
ungrounded impofidon of fome Innovations upon 
the Churches both of Scotland and England gave a 
fit Hint to the Pro jefl: : In the vacancy therefore be- 
fore the Summons, and immediately after it, there 
was great working iccretly for the Defignation and 
£le6Bon as of Knights and BurgefTes, fo efpecially 
(beyond all former ufe) of the Clerks-of Convo* 
cation j when now the Clergy were ftirred up to 
conteft with, and oppofe their Dioceians , foe the 
choice of fuch men as w^re moft inclined to the fa*, 
vour of an Alteration. The Parliament was no 
fooner fate, then m«iy vehement Speeches were 
niade againft eftabliihed Church-eovcmment , and 
enforcement of extirpation botK root ^d brancfav 
And bccaufe it was not fit to fet upon alt at once,die 

lefolucion was to begin with thoief ifhops which had 




a6 Bijkop Hairs Hard Meafure, 

fubfcribcd to the Canons then lately publidicd, upon 
the (hutting up of the former Parliament, whom 
they would firft have hadaccufed of Treafon ; but 
that not appearing fdliblo, they thought beft to in- 
dite them of very lugh ciimes and oflTences agakift 
the King, the Parliament , and Kingdom, which was 
profecuted with great earneilnefs by_fome prime 
Lawyers in the Houfe of Commons, and entertain- 
ed with like fervency by fome zealous Lords in the 
Houfe of peers ; every of thole particular Canons 
bang prefFed to the moft envious and danserous 
height that was poflible. The Arch- bifhop of Torl{^ 
( was designed for the report ) aggravating Mr. May' 
nards criminations to the utmoft, not without fome 
Enterfperfions of his own. The Counfel of the ac- 
cufcd Biihops gave in fach a demurring Anfwer as 
ftopt the mouth of that heinous Indi6^ment : when 
this prevailed not, it was contrived td draw Petitions 
accufatory fr<xn many parts of the Kingdom againil 
Epifcopal Government , and the Promoters of the 
petitions were crtertained with great rcfpe^fej 
whereas the many petitions of the oppofite part, 
though fubfcribed with many thou fand hands, were 
fleighted and Afregarded. VVithall, the Rabble of 
handon , after their petitickis cunningly and upon " 
other pretences procured, were ftirred up to come 
to the Houfes-p^ribnaljy to crave juftiee both agaiaft 
the Farl of ^^^^«^r^ firft, ard then- agaiinf); the ArclSi 
&i(hop of QanterbHry-i and la^jy againfi «he wholie 




• n 

Order of Biihops j wmch coming at firft imarm'd 
were checked by Ibme well-wiUers, and cafily per- 
fwadedto gird on thdr rufty Swords, and fo aocoa- 
tred came by thoufands to the Hoo{es, filling ail the 
outer rooms, offering foul abuies to the JBnhops as 
they palTed, crying out N<i Bi/hopf^ No Bijbofs j and 
at laft, aftci- divers dayes aifembling, grown to that 
hdght of fury, that many of ithem, whereof Sir Ki- 
chard Wiftman profefTed ("though to hia coft) to be 
Captain, came with refotutiicm of ibme violent 
couries, in ib muchtliat many Swords wiere drawn 
liereupbn at fVefimMery and the Root did not dick 
openly to pcofe(s that they would pull the fiiOiops in 
piecei. Me/Tagcs were fcnt down to theni from the 
Lords, they dill held firm both to the plaoeand their 
bloody rcfolutione. It now grew to be Torch-light, 
one or the Lords, the Marqucfie < »f H<2r//(>r^ came 
op to the Bifliops Form, told us that we were in great 
danger, advifed us w take fome oourfe for oar own 
fafety , & bcing-defired to tell us what he thought was 
the beft way, counfelkd us to continue in the Parlia- 
nientHbuie ali that night j for (faith he) diefe 
people Vow they will i/ztch you at your going out, 
and will Cbanch every Coach foryou with Torches, 
ib as y4m cannot e(capc. Hereupon the Hou(e of 
Lords. irasaoved ftyt iitae Ofder6»the prevendng 
their mimhousand liotoos nieetings ^ • Me£&ges wwe 
ikat down totbeHoufc of Commons to cbi&'purnofe 
BMtt dvfik onac^ ooifiifig Mas c^iSied 3 but for the 
1; : ptefent 

r • ■ 


Bipop Hall's Hard Meafure, 

prefoit Cfor io much as all the danger was ac the ri« 
riling of the HoufeJ it was carneftly deiired of the 
Lords that fome care might be taken of our fafety : 
The motion 'was received by fome Lords vyith a fmilc, 
fonie other Lords, as the Earl of Manchefter-, under- 
took the prote^onof the Arch>bifhop of Torl;_an<i 
his company ( whofc (heltcr I went under ) to their 
lodgings^ the reft, fome of them by their long ftay, 
others by fecret and far-fetch*t paflages escaped 
home. It was not for lis to venture any nioTje to the 
Houfe without fome better aifurance -, upon our re. 
^Ived foibearanq: therefore , the Arch-bi(hop of 
York fent for us to his lodc^ing at Wefiminfter^ faycs 
before us the perillous condition wc were in, adviies 
<^r remedy ( except wc meant utterly to abandon 
pur Right, and tojdefert our Station in Parliament ) 
to pedtion both his Ma'^elly and the Farliament, that 
^noe we were legally call'd by his Mi)efties writ to 
give our Attendance in Parliament, wc might be fe. 
cured in the performance of our Duty and Service 
againd thofe Dan^Tcrs that threatned us j and with- 
all totproteii: a^inft any fuch Ads as (hoM be made 
durin|[ the time of our forced Abfence, for which he 
affured us; there were many Freiidehts in former 
Parliaments, and which if we did not, wc (hould be. 
tray the Traft committed to us by his Maieftie, 'and 
(hamefuUM betray, and abdicate t^ dae:ri^ht both ftf 
oar felvev.jmd. SuccefToiirs. To this purpofe in o&r 
prefence he df ew upthefaidpetitipn andproteftt-* 

-. * 




Bipop Hall's Hard Meafitre. 4^ 

cion, avowing ic to be legall, jufk and Agreeable 
to all former Proceedings, and being fair written 
fent it to our feveraU Lodgings for oar Hands, 
which wc accordingly fubfcribed, intending yet to 
have had fome further Confultatipn concerning 
the delivering and wljole carriage of it. But ere 
we could fuppofe it to be in any hand but his 
own, the firft Newes we heard was, that there 
^ere Meflingers addre{rcd to fetch us in to the 
Parliament upon an Accufation of high Treafon. 
For whereas this P aper was to have been delivered, 
£rft to bis Ma)efties Secretary j and after perufall 
by him to his MajeAie, and after from his Ma. 
iefiie to the Parliament, and for that purpofe 
to the Lord Keeper, the Lord Littleton^ who was 
the Speaker of the houfe of Peers 5 all ihefe prb- 
fe/Tcd not to have perufed it at all, but the (aid 
Lord Keeper willing enough to talee this Advan. 
tage of Ingratiating himfelf with the Houfe of 
Commons and the fa£Hon, to which he knew 
himfelf fufficiently obnoxious, fincKng what u(e 
might be made of it by prejudicate minds, reads 
the fiune openly in the houfe of ^e Lords : and 
when he found fome of the fkSdon apprehenfive 
enough of mifconftrudion, Aggravates the matter 
at highly ofFenfive, and of dangerous coniequcnce; 
. and thereupon not without much heat and vehe- 
mence, and with an ill Preface, it is fent down to 
the Houfe of Commons ; where it was entertain- 

G cd 


Bijhop Hall's Hard Meafure, 



cd hrainoufly, Glynife with a foil mouth crying k up 
for no Icfs then an high Treafon j and Tome com- 
paiing, 'yea preferring it to the Powder- plot. VVp 
^oor foul$ (who little thought that we had done 
any thing that might dcferve a chiding^ are now 
called to our Knees at the barr, and charged fe- 
verally with high Treafon, being not a little afto- 
ni(hedatthe fuddainnefs of this Crimination, cotn"^ 
pared with the perfe^l: Innocence of our own In- 
tentions, which were only to bring us to our due 
places in Parliament with fafety and fpeed, with- 
out the leaft purpofeof any mans offence; JBut 
now Traytors we are in all the hafte, and muft be 
dealt with accordingly 5 For on January :^o tii all 
the cKtreamity of Froft, at Eight a Clock in tlie 
dark Evening, are we voted to the Tower ; Only 
two of our Number had the favour of the black 
Rod by reafon of their Age, which though de/i* 
red by a Noble Lord on my behalf, would not be 
yielded, wherein 1 acknowlcdg, and bkfs the Gra-, 
cious providence of my God, for had I been 
gratified , I had been undone both in body and 
Purfe ; the rooms being ftrait, and the ejipenpie 
beyond thi reach of my cf^ate : The newes.'of 
this our crime and iinprifonment foon flew oyer 
the City, and was entertained by oiu* well.willers 
-with ringing of Bells and Bonfires ; who now 
gave us up ( not without great Triumph ) for lofl 
men railing, onourperfidioufneis,andad)udgin2ns 

I ' 




Bifiop Hairs Hatd Meafnre. 5O 

to what foul Peaths they pleafed j and what fcur- 
rilc and malicious pamphlets were fcattered abroad, 
throughout the Kingdom, and in forraign parts, 
blazonitig our Infamy, and exaggerating our trea- 
sonable pta^ifes ^ what infultations of our adver. 
iariei was here ? being caged fure enough in the 
Tower, the fafl^ion had now fair oportunities to 
work their own delignes, they therefore taking 
the advantage of our reftraint, renew that bill of 
theirs, (^ which had been twice before rejefl^ed 
finoe the bcgining of this Seflion ) for taking a- 
wiy the votes of Bifhops in Parliament, and in a 
very thin houfe eafily paffed it .- Which once 
condefcended unto, I know not by what ftrong" 
importunity, his Majcfties affeht was drawn from 
bim thereunto ; we now inftead of looking af- 
ter our wonted Honour muft bend our thoughts 
upon the guarding of our lives, which were with 
no fmall eagemefs, purfued by the violent Agents 
of the Faf^ion. Their (harpcft wits and greateft 
Lawyers were imployed to advance our Impeach- 
ment to the height j but the more they lookt into 
the bufinefs^ the lefs crime could they firjd to fadetl 
Upon us t In fo much as one of their Oracles, be- 
ing demanded his judgment concerning the fa£V, 
profelled to them, they might with as good rca- 
fon -accufe us of Adultery .- Yet ftill there are wc 
Jaft ; only upon petition to the ILords obtain- 
ing this favour , - that we m'gbt ''have tounfel 
".; T G 3 af- 


Bifbap Hall's Hard Meafure, 


afOgncd us ; which after much Relu^tion \ and- 
xnany menaces from the Commons, againil any 
man of all the Commoners of E^g/^;;^ thatfliouM 
dare to be feen to plead in this cafe againft the 
reprcfcntative body of the Commons, was gniunt-^ 
cd us j the Lords AfHgned us five very worthy 
Lawyers, which were nonunated. to them by us j 
what trouble and charge it was to procure thoCe 
eminent and much employed Counfellors to come 
to the Tower to us, and to obferve the ftrict 
lawes of the place, for the time of their ingrefs, 
tefrrefs, and flay, it is not hard to ),udg. After we 
had lyen fomeweekes there, however the houfeof 
Commons, upon the fuft tender, of our Impeach, 
ment had deiired we might be brought to a %eedy 
tryall , yet now finding belike how.> little ground 
they had for fo high an Accufation, they began to^ 
flack their pace, and fufFered us rather to languifli 
under the fear of fo dreadfulL Arraignment. In fo- 
mudi as now we are fam to Petition the Lords 
that we might be brought to our tryall : the 
day was {ct, feveral fummons were fent unto us j 
the Lieutenant had his warrant to bring us ta the. 
J^arr ; Our impeachment was feveraUy read -, We 
pleaded not guilty Modo ^ format and dciired 
fpeedy proceedings, which were accordingly pro- 
mifed, but not to haltiTy performed. Afrcr long 
cxpcdation another day was appointed for tne 
j^rQfem0iM>f this high charge.. 7'he Lieute. 


^ -V* • 



BiJbopHilYsHardMeafure, 53 

- — ii^M^— 1— ^ il I 1 I I ■ ■ I I ^ I ^mmmm^m m ■— i ■ m ■ i ■ ■ ■ i i , , i ^i^— — III ■ 

nant broaghc us again to the Barr, but with what 
ihoutin^ and exclamations and furious expreflions 
of the enraged Multitudes, it is noteafie to appre. 
hend ; being thither brought andieveralty charged 
upon our Knees, and haying given our Negative 
Anfwers to every particular, Two Bifhops, Lon-^ 
don and Wincheflery were call*d in as witnefles a^ 
gainft us, as in tmit point, whether they apprehended 
any fnch caufe of fears in the tumults afTembled, as 
that we were in any danger of our Lives in conui^ to 
the Parliament ; who (eemed to incline toa&vou. 
Fs^le report of the Perills threatned, though one of 
them was convinced out of his own Mouth, from 
the Relations himfelf had made at the Arch.bilhop' 
of Torks Lodging. After this Wild and Clyn made 
fearfull declamations at the Barragaxnft us, aggrava- 
ting all the Circnmftances of our pretended Treafon 
tothe higheft pitch. Our Counfell were all ready 
at the Sarr to plead for us in Anfwer of their clamo^ 
rous and^envious fuggeftions ; but it wasr anfWered, 
that it was now too late, we fliould have another 
day , which Day to tins Day never came ; the Cir> 
cumilances of that day's hearing were more Grievous 
to us then the fubftance ; for we were all throng'd' 
io miferably in that ft rait room before the jBarr, by 
reafon that the whole ho nfe of Commons would 
be thereto fee the prizes of their (Uiaippions plaid ; 
.that we ftood the whole afternoon in no fmall tor. 
tmi^A fwotingand Angling with a MeivikfsMaU 





e i Biff:9p Hall*s^^> Hird Meafnrc, 

titude, till b :iog difttiiHed we were expofed to a new 
and gpcatcr danger^ -F(»r now in the cferk we nioft 
to the Tower, by Baegeas we cains^ and muft (hoot 
the J5ridge witti. tto fmatl fcriil. That God, tuider 
whofe Mercifull Pi*ote6^fon Weate, returned as to 
our fafe Cuftddie : Thei'e now we lay fome weeks 
longcr,expefting the fiimnaom for our Counfails an- 
^wer^ butiAft^adrfa^eofoarMenciful Adverfaries, 
Well finding ho wftire they would be fdyl*d in thsc 
unjiift charge of Tteafon, now under pretences. of 
jentktirig the height of rigour, wave their fotmc? 
irtipeaGhittttit df Tftalfon agaitiA us^ and fall upohan 
Accufation of high Mifdemeaners in that our fro* 
ttftation, and will have us pro fecutcd as guilty of a 
Fremnriire : -aWiough as We conceive tlie law hath c* 
ver b^eftin the Parliamentary proceedings, that if a 
man were impeached,as of Tree (on, being the higheft 
crirtie, the Accufant muft hold htm to the proof of 
the chirge,andmay not fiill to any meaner Impeach- 
ment upon failing of the bigher. But in this cafe of 
ours it tell out otherw^fe, for although the Lords had 
openly promifed us, that nothing (hould be done a- 
gainft us, till we and our Counfail Were heard in our 
defcnfe, yet the next Newes \ve heard was, the houfe 
of Commons had drawn up a bill again ft us, wherew 
in they declared us td be Delimjuefits of a very high 
Nature, and had tHereuj^on defifcd to have it enafi<<I 
that all our fpirituall Means (hould be taken afway : 
On^y there (hould be a Yearly allowance to ^cvcry 

• • ■ Bi- 

BiJ}j9p Hall's Hard Meafure. 5 ^ 

Bi(hop for his roaioteoaoce, according to a propor. 
tion by them let down j wherpn they were pleaied 
that my (hare (hould come to ipof. per annum : this 
bill was ient ap to the Lords aadJay ihem .alio pad. 
fed, and there hath ever (iacclyeo : this bcm^ donei 
after {bnie we<^s more, finding the Tower besides 
the Re ft raint, chargeable ; we petitioned the Lords 
that we might be adoeuttcd tp bail j and have liberty 
to return to our Homes the Earl oiEffex moved j 
the Lordsairented , took our bail, fisntco the Lieu te.- 
ciantof the Tower for our difchargeiHow glad .were 
vv« to f[ie out of our Caoc } No . fooncr .was i got tO' 
my >Lodgtng;) tl^n I: thought to take a little fce^i 
Air, in 8t. James 1ms Pads, j and in my return to my 
Lodging in the Deans yard, paffing through We^r^ 
winiper Hall, was faUited by divers of my; /*apliament 
acquaintance, and welix>med to vc\y liberty, where, 
upon fome that looker upon me with an evil eye run 
iixo the Houfe, and complained thjat the fifhops 
were kt loo£?, which it fecms was not well taken by 
the houfe of Commons, whoprefendy fent a kind 
of expoftulacion to the Lords, that they bad diimif. 
'fed fo hayivous oHieoiders without their knowledg 
and confent \ Searcethad I rsfied me in my lodging:, 
when there conies a MeOlnger to me with the fad 
riewes of fending ^me and the reft of my brethren 
ihcBitbopsback' to the Tower ^gaia^from wliietice 
we came, thither' we m^ft go j and. thither! uient 
vwdian heavy (.but -I thank Go^ not impatient) 




5<$ Bijhpp Halh Hard Ueafitre, 


heart. After we bad contkiuedthere fooie ijx: weeks 
longer, and <»riiefi]y Fcckipned t)ordtumtO> ourife^^ 
verall charges, we were upon 5000^^. JBond di^fu 
fed, with a claufe of Revocation at a (hort warning, i£ 
occaOon (hould require. Thus having.fpcEitdie.tiai0 
betwixt Newyears Even and VVhitfontide in ihoib 
Cate walls, where we hj turnes preadied every Lord» 
Day to a large Auditory of Cittizens, we difpoTcd 
of our felves to the places of our feverall abode. V 
For my felf, addrefllng my felf to Uorwichy whtj- 
ther it was his Ma)efties pleafure to remove me, I waf 
at thcfirftTCceived widx more refped, then in fucb 
times 1 could have expc^ed ; there I preached the 
day after my arivall to a numerous and attentive peo^: 
pie ^ nether was fparmg of my pains in this kind evef 
^nce, till the times growing every day more impa- 
tatat of a Bi(hop, dtireatned my, iiiencing. There 
though with fome fea'ec Murmurs of di{afFe3:ed 
perfonsj I en)oyod peace till the ordinance of fe* 
queftration came forth, which was in the latter end* 
^i March following, then when I was in hope of ve^ 
ceiving the profits of the fore- going half year^fw 
the nuuntenance of my faiiiily , were all my RenCk 
ftopped and diverted, and in the J prill following 
came the lequeftrators viz. Mr. Sotberton Mr. Toa^ 
Mr, Rawly Mr. GreenewMdy &c. To the Paliaoe 
and told me that by ^rtue of! an ordinance of Par- 
aliment they mufl feize lipon the Palace, and all 
the eftatel had, both rcall and perfonall^ and ac- 



cordiogly €tttt certain men appointed > by theiA 
(wheivaf one had been burnt iti the band for the 
mark of his Truth,) to apprize all the goods that 
were in the lioiife,whieh they accordingly executed 
with all diligent {eveiity, not leaving fo mueh as a 
doienof Tren(^erg,ormyChildtens piduresout of 
their curious Inventory . Yea they would have ^ppri- 
^edour very \^!earing dothcs, hid noc Ajderman 
T^oiy uid^amff Rowley (^ to vihom I Cent to re- 
i]uife theirjudgment concerning the Ordinance in this 
point) deckwed ^eir opinion to the contrary. .Tfaeib 
goodsjboth Library and hou^Id ftuiF ef all kinds, 
wercappoiatedto beexpoiiedoo publick fale.-Much 
inquiry there yna «^en the goods fhould be brought 
to the Market ; but in the mean tinic Mrs. Cotdmin^ 
-a religious good Gendcwo]Han,vdiom yet we had no. 
ver known or (cen, being moved wtth conpafGon, 
very kindly o^redto lay davi^totbe $eoueftra. 
tors that whole Ainunc wbicfa the goods were valued 
stf *, and was pteafed to leave theoi 'm our hands for 
our afe, till woniight4>e able to repurehafe them, 
which fhe-did accordnigly and had die goods foft 
mally ddiverol to her by Mt. Smith 9nd Mr. Grtetu 
ta'tft^ti^wo ^cipieftrator s. As for the books, fevieriH 
Stationers lookt <«n'thcm, but were not fc)f?ward to 
buy tbeis ',atlaft Mr. C<>di^, a worthy Divine of tins 
X>iooefs, gave bond to the «Sequeftraeors3 to pay to 
tfaein the whoiefumme wheieat they were fet, which 
WAsafierwstfdsfadsfied-oat of that poor pttance,that 

H was 


55 Bijhf^ Halt's . H4tdM: 


V«vas allowed mefbr my Mauitenaficc:^ as for my cvi- 
-4ehocs thry;re<)uired tkem £j[ommCy 1 denjcd ihem, 
is not ha^dkig my felf bound to dclivcithcm : They 
moled, and fealed up tbe door, and took fuch as tbey- 
.foundwith me.. . . 

But bsfoce t\m, the firft noife that I heard of my 
.troul^le was, that one Mornmg, before my fervants 
werenp, there f came to my Gate* one fVrighh^ 
Xo««fo» Trooper, attended with others,tequiring en- 
trance, threatning if they were not. admitted to 
:brcak open the Gates V whom I feuadat. my fitfl: 
iight flrugling w'uh one of my Servants for a FiAo), 
which he had in hie hand ; I demanded his bu(iuefs 
at that unfeafonabic tinie j he told me, he came to 
Search for Armes and Amumtioa, <^ which I mulibe 
;difarm*d ; I told him I had only two Muskets, in the 
Jkoufe, andno o^er Nfilitary Provifion ^ he not re0. 
ing npon my word fearcht lound about the houfe, 
lookt into the Chefts, and Trunks, examined the 
VeileUs in the Cellar^finding no orher V Varlick furni- 
ture, be askt me what Horf<» I had, for his Com- 
miffion was to take them alTo^ I told him how pior. 
iy rwas.{lored, and that my age would not allow 
inetotravell on foot ; In conclufjon he took one 
liorfe for the preCsnt,and fuch accpmpt of another, 
that he dtd< highly expoftuhce with me afterwart^, 
^at I had otherwifir difpdfedof him^ 

Now no^only my Rents prcfent, but the A r.-era- 
gesofthc fptsasf Years whiid^ihad ia£iv.our for.. 


Haffls Had Mufmre 59 

liorn to fame roums, bong uoAmff cooiciitd 
tothcSeqacftntt!oi3,TOeb3r themolttiisBr, aodo. 
kcnfromiiiC5 neither was there any awfca^ a. 
ken for my maintenance 5 1 therefore addodjcday 
felftothcCommittttc BoaogheseuNarmkbytBdde^ 
fuxdthcmtogWcdftScrfiirfonic acaos, ontofdiat 
laree Patrimony of the ChoRfa, w be alloved me. 

Sr. Tbo, W09dboHfe,2nASr. JMmPmsy Pf^»«<« 
^ncn 5 it was moveil, and h«kl fit by the«aDd theirft, 

f hat Ac PfOpoTtton wAich the Votes <rf the ftliaaiait 
iad piicht npon,Tix.4o6lp«- MmmM-JOaiu'd be allow- 
ed to mc.My Loid of >L»«j^/rr,whDwasfhcD coo. 
cdved to have great powcrin onittrof theic 5eq<je. 
Uradons^was moved hcrew^iMfeappiehcndcdtt vccy 
iuftand reafonable, andrwrbee to the CoflUBtttee 
icretofetoatfomanyof the Mnoocs belonging 
to ttfs ^ifliopridt as ftooldaflWiBit to the find fiBBmc 

of 400'. annually ; winch was anfwcoUy done an- 
dcr the hands of Ac whole TaWe* And now I well 
hoped, I fliould yet have a good Compctengr of 
maotenaiioe out of that pkntifdl Eltttt wbich I 
mi^hthavchad: Batthofe hopes wwc no Iboncr 
conceivedthcn dafht ; for bekwc I coold gajher op 
one Quarters Rent, there comes down an Older fipoi 
the Committee for Scqucftrations above, under the 
hand of Serecant JTitf the Chair-man^ procufcdby 
Mr. mU/Cqrhu, to inhibit any fudialUwanCc 5 and 
telling oar CwmmQce here, that neither They, nor a. 

Ha ^y 


— •^' 

^if 'Bip9plh\\\HaniMeafut&. 

ny other halcl rowerte alfow ine atty^lHflg^ $t sdl^ 
^iitifmy l^*1firfotiiidkerfdftonecd«llfiMit«i)aik«| 
Hpoiiher Saceto tkeCominitteeof JLords 3ti^<Qimi 
KTOiM) ic might begrimted tbjft ^ ihould kive n 
fifth p<rt,according to fhe OrdiRince,t!}oW€d for ih^ 
fu(teAtftion of hec fblfi> and farr Ftmtly. HemiMa 
{he fendi a Pedtion up t6 lha£ roimnkce^, whkk a£i 
cer a long delay was adn^cd t& be read, 4nd aa Oi^ 
defir gtanted for the fifth part.* Bat fM dM Rem aii$ 
Revinuesbotkof my %tiitaaltandTciii{>ofaii Landi 
were taV^ ap fcy the S'€ij[ueftriniort both in N* »fj>^ti 
and Snfolk^-jmi £J«x,aM we kep oiFfrom eif befall, 
lo^nce or accdmpc. At Uft upon nmch predkig^ 
SedeUe the SoKdtW) and Rn^-thc €olIe^,bL\>^giit 
Sii ati Aoeountro theCommiti!(e,,ffi£h a»it w$$ ^ but 
fo Confuied and Perplexed and fo utterly unpcrfit^ 
that We could never cone to know what a fifth pait 
meant: But diey wei^ cttneent that I (hoold eAtmy 
books by lebing ofi^ theSum^ engaged for them>out 
of the fifth pbrt. Nfean time the Synodall* both in 
Norfoike tt^4SHfail^,v^d all the Splritaall profits of 
the DlOcfcrs,wtre alfo fcept back, only Ot^ackMis 
and Itif)!ittifiom continaed a whMe. Bva after the Coi^ 
vetnantwasiappoiiltedtobetaken, abdwasgeneraUy 
fwallo wed 6t both Clergy and Layety, my powerbf 
ordination was wich fbme flraoge vblencc fcftouned* 
^r-When I was going oh in my woned touffit- 
< which no law orOr£nanoehadinhibitcd).cert:^ 
K)fward Voluntiers in thcCitty^biadbg together^ 


Bijilt^iUysH^dMe4Hre. <^f 

Qtkxt^ theNbyor and. AMermenwd SlieriS to call the 

l^-a&jKCQuiif ibr anopGD vk4aiiini.of ^h«ir CQvcyUuM.To 

^8 par|>ofe4fveni o^- eben caoe ao my .Gm:^ at a very 

itnieafocabIeti(He,aiid knocking very vcbe0M3Kly,requi. 

red to rpcak withtkc BUhop^Mciiagcs w^ce fent to them 

to know their bvliiiera, nocking troukl facisfie tbcm but; 

ihc Bi(hops preftncc^t laft I came down to tbem ^d dc.. 

xnandeil what die matter wdSjthey woiold kave the gate o* 

petmdyk, then they vvould tdl ine;I aofwercd that Iwould 

Know eheiti better £rft:lf they had any thing to fay to mff- 

1 irai ready to hear ihem^they told meth^y hada writing 

CO me fix>m Mr.M4y#r)& foiac other of their Magidrates;; 

tSie^ptper contained both a challei^e of me for breakinj 

t^-Covenant,in ordainifig KMAcra^and withal reqiure< 

me to give in the Names of thofe which were ordained by- 

Bae both then and formedy iince die Covenant : My an^ 

fwer wae that Mr.Mayor wasmitchabiifcd bv thofe who* 

had mij(tn&>rm*d himj Ss drawn (hat paper from him^ that 

I woald'the next day give a iiil anfwer ttHle wnting,tKey^ 

moved th^t my anfwer msghc be by my |ierJ[onal appear* 

jmce atthe Cnild-hall\ la^t themwben they ever^heard^ 

of a Biihop oiNonPich appealing before a^ayor,l'krtew 

mine own place,8c would takethat way of anfwer whidi^ 

lchoaghc-fit,and (bckfdii&dtfaem, who had given oat 

^fdnt day , that had they known before of mine ordaining) 

l!hey woiild have puird me & thofe whom I Ofd^onedout 

of die Chappdi^by the Ears. VVhil&I roceived nothing,: 

"yer fomething wa» reouired' of mej they were not 4Q)a»- 

tncd«iier they had tMt.enaway:^andfora^lmy.Good9- 

iafidperfoaall e{ikate,to-come tome &iii.aiiei^entvS and'^ 



b' ;B7Z»aj» Hall'* Htfrrf MiP4/Wrev 


^ w 

xDoneChly payments for tfaac dUce wlkkb they Mil^t^i^^ici^i 

and took Didrefles £rpm menpon my {nod )uft denyiH^ 

andTchememiy rcq^ifl9dIncto fiinde cbewQQtspd Arm^,^ 

ofiiiy Predeceflbrs,wliencfa^y«hadkfc mc nochingzTvUe 

jiy infolencies andaflpronfo were in all ^s tune putuppi], 

us.One whilea whole rabble of VoluDciers come to^y; 

<Gates late,\d[ien they were locked up^ and called fqr t^<^ 

porter to give them entrance, which being not yiddedf 

d]tey threatned to make by force, and had not the &id 

l^ates been veiyftrong they had done it: Others ofthf;^ 

' dambred over the waUs,aod would come into mine 

honfe^their errand (ihcy faid} was to fcarch for DeUn^ 

<qaents,what they wouldhave done I know iiot,had nut 

we by a fecret way fentto raifc the Officers for our Re,. 

^ei Another while the Sheriff T0f>e/,and Alderman 

Linfey^ attended with many Zealous followers, came in. 

to my Chappell to look for. Superftitious Piflures, and 

Ileliq.ues of Idolatry, and fend for me,to let me. kno^it 

they found thofeVVindowes &11 of Images, which were 

very ofren(ive,and muft be demoliflied :1 toW them they- 

weie the fifiuces of fonie antient and worthy . Bf^ 

fiiops, as St. Ambrofe^ AuUin^ &c. It was anfwe|£<i nafa 

that they were fo many Popes j and one yo£inger oian-a- 

mongft the reft (^Towttfeadas I percdved afterward^} 

ivottld take upon him to defend that every Diocefan > Sii^ 

Ihop was Pope,I arifwered him with fbme fcorn^nd obs 

cained leave that I might wiih theleaft lofs,and defacii^g 

of the windows give order for taking off that ofienop) 

^hich I did by caufing the heads of thofe Pi(9iires tp bp 

taken ofl^ilnce 1 knew the bodies could not of|^d,There 



Bifiop Wall's Hard Meafnre, 6<$ 

wasfiotthatcareand moderadon ufed in reforming the 
Otthcdra^'l Church bordering upon ikiy Palace.Tt is no bi' 
th^er then Tragical to relate the carriage ^fthar furious ?a* 
criIidge,wberco£our eyes andears were tjie fad witneffcsj. 
nnderthe Authority and prefehcc of Liw/^y, tofts the 
SheriflRr,aSidGretf/w««/jLord, what Wot k was here, what 
clattering of GJaflcs, what bcadng down of Walls, what 
tearing up of Monuments, what pulling down of Seated,. 
what wrefting out ef Irons and JBrafs from the Jf^indowes 
and Graves^what de^cingof Armes,what demoIi{hi<3g of 
iCurious,that had not any reprelfentatien in the- 
. VVorldjbut only of the ooft of the Founder,and skill of 
the Mafon, what toting and piping upon the deAroyed-^ 
Origan pipes,and what a hideous triumph on the Ma ket 
.day before all-the Countrey jwhcn in akindof Sacrilegi- 
ous and profane proccffion, all the Oi^an p'pfs, Veft- 
ments, both Copesand Sarp|ices,together with the Leau. 
den Groffe, which bad been newlyfavvme dow« from o- 
vcr the Green. Yard Pulpit, and the Service books and 
finging books that could be had,werecarried'to the fire iu' 
die publick Market place; A leud wretch walking before 
th^Trrain,in his Cope trailing in the dirtjwith a Service 
bbi>k in his handimitatingin an inpioas fcorne the tune,, 
and ufiirping the words of the Letany ufed formerly in 
the CbarchrNeer the publicfcCrofle^allthefe monuments: 
of Idolatry muft be facrificed to the fire, not withont 
much Oftentation of a zealous joy in difchargir^g ordi- 
nance to the coft of fome who profeffed how much they, 
fiadlong'd to fee that Day .Neither, was itany ncwcs irp* 

• ■> I • • ■ ■ . . . ■ Oils 

mmm — 

tA Biflpp Hall's Hard Meafurt, to have the Ctcbedrall now open on 
all fides to be filled with MuskacicrS)^vayting ^theMa. 
' koK retume,drinktng and tobacconing as freely as if it had 
tum'd AlehoufcScill yet Ifcnuaned in my Palace though 
-with but a poor retiiHie and raeans^but the houfe was hdd 
*oo good tor MerMany meflages were fentby MrXorbet 
<to remove mcxliefiGe^The firft pretence was, that^ 
.Comnitttee, who now was at charge for an Honfeto fit 
itiy might maketheir day lySefHon there, bang a place 
6oth more pubtick, roomy, and chargekife. The Com- 
mitteeafter many conCukatioiit refolvedit covenientto 
remove thither, though maiiy overtures^nd offers weie 
inadeto the contrary: Mr. C»r^«r was impatient of my 
^ay there, and procures and fends peremptory medages 
for my prefent diflodgingiwedefircd to h:|ve Tome tune 
allowed for providing Tome other Maniiol^, if we muft 
needs be^ft out of this,wlndimy wifi? was lib willing to 
hold,that (be offered, ^if the charge of the pr^fent Com* 
fliittee houfe were the things Aood upon )fli^ -wouM be 
content to defray the fumnte of the rent of that houfe ^ 
her fif(h part^but that might not be yielded ; out we muft 
and that in three weeks warning by Midfommerday then 
mpproching, fo as we might have lyen in the ftreet for 
/ou^ I know,had not the Providenceof God Co order. 
^ it, that a Neighbour in the Clofe, one Mr. Goftlin,z 
VVidovt^r was contdtt to vtwd his Houfe for u«. 

This hath been my meafHre^ wherefore I l^now ttfity 
Lord th(Hi h^oweji^ who only canfi remedy ^ and end ^ and 
' forgive or avenge this horrible Ofprejpon. 

. Saipfi-«ijf2P. 1^7, JOS. NORVIC 

• t. •-• . * « «« « 

• ■»* 



R M O N 

Prcacbt' at 




In Ordinary attendance in September 1^24. 

* * III ■*■ 

iWl »m 


By JOS. HALL Dean rf VVoroe^ec. 



Philip. 3. 18. 

18. Formany lapalk^ ofnt^bom I have tddyon pftentimd 
ndw tellyoH evetf Weeping that they are the cr&ffe af 

1 p. ff^hofe end is deJtruStion) &c. . 



YTeictyou fteisbm a Patcnthefis: yet neceflary aa$i 
ef&ntial, though not to the femeoce: forcgoit^s yeeco- 
Chrifiiah warning and infitoftion* It is enc&fcd like, 
fome good Garden^ for fingular uie, a Gafdea^hcre** 
in there are both Flowers^ .andVVeeds jFlowctsof A- 
pofioikal verme s and Weeds of Ptulippian wick«dne(Ie. For l) 
know not whether thefe words bewray naiore worth in the true A^.' 
.poftle^ then'unworthineifif in the falfe : this cenfure of his doth n& 
Idlegtacehimfelf^ then-it bcandeththem s fo we have met with. 
tf>tt»^&ansi^ wivfhifyoulookoneway> £h»w us 4 comely facc> 

A .if 

A Sermon f reach* t at Hampton-Coiut 

if another way^anOwk, or an Ape, orfomedefcMKdvifi^^LoQk 
Hdtatdi&Apofiksgnc^ managiiigof ds Qm^ 

icfsioo^ aiidye.iiidbomiccaaanis, imiiateu i and tfromnic yoor 
eyestotbeviewoidiedamnflUeooarfes cf chefe PhiKppian Sedii* 
ccB^andlcamiodblxmetliekw^ and fear tfaetrhdl: 

The fiddity of dK ApofUe cc xa nmendcdby hbwatmng^ By the 
fregpences fay diepaffionofics Hb waimi^ IhwetMymi The 
htmxxiyllmi^iMjm^fift^ Ihepaffira; I mm uUymBt^frng. 

TobeguiHriAtfaefirft. As wifdon haA eyesto noie aMh, fa 
faidbfiilnelshadiatongQeconodfiedKm: WeaiebyoorprQfefioa 
dieSens^f Gad kn^pcdaf oar £yes» and wMue the f%)^icts 
ofGodiuefpeftefcvrioQ^KS) knaiftto oar£aar> feomrfotofeaf 
bodidtks, weaKbiiBde.gDidcSi ifweicejioc:weaiedbaabD^ 
if wegivc noc vvanmgc^ tn^iac we Ice ; as goad no eyes, as no^ 
congoe. Iliefe«itsindieNbrdi{2aitfif J^^ 
Iivnaces, Nibem.1^11. whereia it fccms there was contmoalfre 
kept for dKWay-ouHk of Xiavdlo^s diac AMewashoih vocal 
andieal} ndmom(hiii|(diepaflbgerafhiseiioa(s>andg^ 
inhctjatgfe^ (uthnv cc iJci are or fttoridhe: Ifleeto^fai I gy iy, 
wfaowasaBonifn^ and a'Shbn^ l^ht^ Bumingfor hs own seal> 
Shining for the Diredion of odiecss ^^^ as in example of life, 
ib in pcecqKs of Dofhine : we flxtdd not be like Dy^ 
Watches in oBTpodDecs^to teach die eye, but like ckdcs and laraons, 
tsmogindieear •* .i^^araaiiMft^vetf 6ll%as>¥^lasPamega^ 
Yea kiuder then (o, the Ptophets voyce muft be a Trampet, whofe 
found maybe heard fair (tf, Ihf. %. i. 

God mllmever thank us&r keeping faiscounfel, he inill thank as 
fordivul^in^it: and that St. pgsd knew well enough, whentn Ivs 
fiBowel« we£ldeis tiftffhfit^j he jqiprafed to tmir CoidcienBts> 

thfie6mre4MdsQsnor«o-nRi iniaconnsaxdMfaiQMrhisiii^ffi^es^ 
but t0getiisi]iift> the haufe wpy md tomakcjAc ^hjdbft roofand 
faaitlements our '^Pulpit. ^Wbe tberefoie ta xhm iS^dmJks^ 
ihmRS,'vrtiotikif^npa nQn|in<^^ dKce.wididic» 

fihgets^opontheirmouthe^ittakiRg4Ettmfe wilfiil.orlaay 

ii.'mce j ffnotheringintheirfatedk^Ks&isa^^ 
p.e. it is awitty 4Uid good laktupmaon^oi Srigm^ 


A Sermon Preach't at Hanipton-Coqit 

fame game, and complain not of fatiety } why (hould m« who fwco- 
f c^ our felves fpiritual (o loon naufeate at the iteration of good coiin- 
fels. Perhaps if we would feek Athem in our City, we ftiould not Ibfe. 
eur labour j,Therc is an itch of the ear^ which St. FmI forefaw would, 
provl? the difeafe of the latter times, that now is groan epidemical i 
an itth after newcs, even io Gods chair, new Dodrines, new dref- 
fes : and furely it muft needs be confei&d, that of latter years there 
was much fault in this kind ; too many Pulpits were full ^curious 
affcaatibn of new quirks of wit, new aochets of conceit, firsiige 
miKturesof opink}hs : Infomuchastheold and plain formes wete 
grown ftd[e,and deipicableslet me tell yoii 1 flill feared this itch would 
end in a fmarr. Certainly there cannot be a.moce certain argument 
of a decayed and (ickly ftomack, then the loathing of wholibme and 
folid food, and lons;ihg after fine quelque chokes of new.and arrifi* 
cialcompofitionji^orus: away with this vain aifedation in the 
matteis of God j furely if ou^h t undier Heaven go down better^ with 
us then the favoury viands oFChrifl, and him crucified, of faith 
and repentance^ and thofe plainly dreffed, without all the lards and 
fauces of humane devices, ( to /ay no worfe ) our foules are f]ck|,and> 
we feel it not. Oh ye fooiifh Ifraelites with whom too much fre- 
c^encemade the food of Angels contemptible. If Onions and Gar- 
lick had grown as rifelvin the Wildernefle, and Manna had rained- 
down no where but in £gjp^,how would ye have hatai thofe rude and 
ftrong Salades, and have run mad for thofe celeflial delicates ; The 
tafl(wMannawas'asofwi/&i^wArf^>//fe JVwj, 31. new 
what can be fweeter then hony i Yet fayes che Wife man, the FuB: 
di/pffetbanhonjcomii I doubt there arc too many thus full,; ftill of 
the World, iull of wicked natuie, offinful corruptions; and then 
no inarvcll if they dcfpife this fopd of Angels ;. tit for us my bre- 
thren. Oh Ictus not be weary of our happuiefs,. let not the fe dain* 
ties of Heaven lofe their worth for their liore ; every Day Ictus so 
foreh'of our tents and gather 5 and while v;re arc nourifhed^^ict us not 
becjoyedwithsockl; eUe^Godknowcs a fremcd)!, hbknoweslidw 
roaWaethcVV^rdpredbustous, precious in tbciwant^ becaufeit 
was *not precious to us in the Valuation. He that hath told iis, 
how precious Peaoe is by the fence of a wofull War, can fbon 
ihowus, how precious his word was by 3 ipkittial famine j which 
<jjd&rhismcrcies.fakeavert.froniU5.;.7 11,. 

I might 

Bef^rtK. Jaoies^ in ^eptemb. 1624. 

I might here have done with the frequeoGe) but let lue add thts 
ooeconlideration more^ that often incuicacton of vinrn|ng> neccflah-^ 
ly implks a danger : There is much danger in a contagious convei£t-« 
dons evillisofafpreadingoatim;* fmas Jeayen^ yea old Ic^vcn^ 
/owres the whole lumpewheic it lyes s y?a it is a very plague (hat in- 
fects the Air round aoourit ; If ( as the entrances of fin are bafhfull) 
it b^n with one Angell, it iafefls legions, let it begin with one 
Woman, itinfedisall the raafs Qf Manlund j One perfon infedsa 
Family. 3 one Eamily a whole Stceet, one Street a wh(4e Qty, one 
City a whole Country, one Couany a whole World s y6» it rans 
like powder in a train, and flies out iuddainly on gU fides: Look a- 
bout you, and fee, whether vou need any other witnciles then your 
pwn eyes j Do ye not fee daily, txjwdninkennefsdoth in this par- 
ticipate of the nature of that liqpior which caufeth.ity that it is not 
eafdy contained withtnic'sbwh bounds s The vice as well aes the 
fauouur is diffiiiive of it felf s how rarely have you ever feen a folita- 
rydninkards no the very title wh«:h is ouf-given to this (in, i%%add 
;F^i2^}k/^riMarkjf oaths wl^ do^tflteaboue 

lil^ fquilbs on a wheel,whereof one gives fii^^to another, .and all da 
JK it were countes-cfaunder to Heaven; onboldfw^arcrmakesoiahy,* 
and the land mournes with the number. Look at the very Ifraelicifa 
•Stcwes; They aJJenUle iy fnmfes tJUo the harlofs hoiffis^ f^*5*7* And 
forJDecefies and erroneous opinions in i^li^ion the Apciftle tell us it is 
a Gangrene '2: Ti/n^.^ 17, whofe tainc is both fuddoin and deadly ; 
•Let irbc but in the finger, if the joynt be not cut ofF, or there be not 
aniinftant prctfemion, the whole arnie is taken, and ftraight the ^ 
lieart i It is a pregnant oomparifon of the Father, that the infc<ftion 
;df hcicfie is like tmbiting of a mad<logg s vou Jtnow the dog, whei^^akenwitbthis furious diftenaper, al^&B tp bite every living 
thing in his way i and what ever he bites, he infers, and whomfo* 
everhe infers (without a prefenc remedy) he kills, not without 
afpicCiofhisewn^diftemper) I would we had not too lamentable 
tci^riehce^^f tlvs mifchief everyxiay'} wharcih we fee one tainted 
with Bopery^ianother with Sockyaniifn, ahothcr with Antinomia- 
nifffl', another with Famtiifm, and all tbefe run a madding after 
their own fancies, and affeA nothing fo muci}, as to draw others in* 
to the focsKty of tbeir errors and damnation^ 

Take heedxo your felves for. Gods fake, . ye that ftaod fureft in the 


■•I I i1 

J Sermon Fredeb't at Haunpton^Court 

fidkdoc ef ycOf fected jod^tiiMity frMiiKled tiiowkclg» holieft 
alicy y the piMlefic iilftKilces of wkskcd fodecy uc not mete 
>mortall, thfin mfen&Uki In viin iball^ plea^i the goodfteTs of 
voorhearc^yejbeattelefs dftheVBttkednds of year faocis, and d« 
Bowei) StP/^U\xfii^ it a fefiteiic« wor^ to hottaw'iBami m 
Heaef)eoPd6t,andtofeoffe iciflcht Canotiicviti c«»nvafittion cor- 
■lopcs good manners : Ai therefore Mtfa Odd in the cafe cf ^«rv4^ 
ami his ctttipKnytiolceine fay in die cafe oi others wickedncffi^, 
whether it te in miitter of judgment, or pNffttfe, Depart I pmy ^^oo 
ftcBk tho^^nts of eh^fe wicked men, aiM couch (lowing a£ khois, 
left ye be confumed in all that Citki,l9inmi6,iS. It is worth your ckHn- 
vin^ that in that gn^atttbelliaOjaiiddtiead^ljbdgnD^ntdhe fens «f 
Cori^ dyed nl>tj2 Cttton.i<^a I'They M fttt^ly a dear intcreft in their 
l^acher,yet their iiaoirA} ihteteft iif a Father, could not feotfe themJA 
dieir Fathers fin j cheiigh they l«Hr'd him in ffature,ye« they would not 
cleaVe to hitn m his rebellion ^ they forfook both his f», and his 
tents, and therefore are eicempced f torn hils judgment } If we lo<^ 
our felves let us follow them in (hunhfifig atnr {Mrocijpitioa with the 
4leaieft of finntfs, tha^ we may (df« efcftpe «it tpmtvttda^ oi tlftjr 
vengpuct. Thtt for the f teqiiehce, mt ^^Sm fbttowes, / teUy»M 

And why weepeft thou, Ob)efiedA||»oMe ? What is it that coold 
wnng teats finmthofe eyes? Efentitt fiaoethatfetcib't dMm fivm- 
thy Savi<4lr note then once: The (mie that fictcht them from Ms 
T]qpe2>4v/<(,fiom die powerful! prophet JSJ!^jf, s Kings 8. ii. ina 
word from all eyes chat ever fo much as ffteccndied co Iminefle, Gtief 
fot fin, and oompaffion of finners. Let others celebrate St, Pvten 
tears ; I am for St. Tdisis i both wctcprecidos, but chefe yet vattt $ 
Thofew^^e the tears ofpenitencejdiefeoit'charity; d»K t£a, fia- 
ner, thefe of aa Apoftle s. thofe for bis own fins, thefe (at odin 
mens : How wdl doth it become him who could be comric to bt 
Anadiema for hB brethren of the circwncifion, fo mric imo teais 
for their fpirituall ifnciromidfioii } Oti biefled tears, the juice sf a 
charkaUe forrow, of an holy tteal, a gracMus compaffion ; Let no 
OKui /ay, diat liears aiigae weaknefle j even the &ctam matUe weeps- 
in a re(olution of Air ; He that (brinks not at the Sttr, Limty GdiMy 
SmI, ten thoufand of die people that (hould befet him xeund ^^toor, 
yetcanfiiy, MkM tfwtten ttm dm* wine ^^ lec^t ^duy ketf 



wuer ibailaHe be 

awUc^ aod ' ■rii fw < 

r • 

• I V ) I « ■ «. 




sue • 

- ^ 

.f^ ^ • 



A Sermon P reach' tat Hamptan-CouTt 

to their dise^ffe^l. I have heard fcHne preadnrS that have alk€bcd 
a plcarancnefs of diicourie in their Sermohs^d never think diej hax'C 
doneWtU, but when tliey fee their heafcrsfmile at their exprdfions; 
But here> I have faid of iaughcer, thou art mad, and of mirth what 
doeft thou f Surely jiggs at a jWieral, andlaughter at a Sennon^ are 
thngs prodigiouflyiinleafonabte : vlt willhe long ( my beloved ) ere 
a mc rry preacher (hall brihg you to Heaven i True repentance ( whadb 
is our only way tMther ) is a lad and ferious matter s It is through the 
valley of 'ii^i!74&, that we muft pafs to the mount of God; the man 
with die writers inkhorne in £;2;^/r/, marks none in the forehead 
but mourners ; Oh thenmournc for the abomihations of Jerufalm^ 
ye that love the peace of it, and would be loath to fee the mine and 
defolation of it^and your own in it, weep with them that weep, yea 
weep with them that (hould weep, as our Apoftle doth here. Tmt 
which is faid of the Ifraelites, that they drew water inJ^izpehyMd 
powred it out before the Lord, i Sam. 7. 6. is by feme interpreters 
taken of the plentiful water of their tears 5 which is fo much the mote 
likely, becaufe it is joyned with falE&ig and publick humiliation : Oh 
that we could put our eyes to this ufe in thefe fad times into whrch 
weare&ln, how foon would the heavens clear up, andbkfsuswitfi 
the comfort of our long wi(hcd for peace: wordly and carnal men, 
as they have hsud hearts, fo they have dry eyes : dry, as a Pumicc- 
flone,uncapabIe of tears:but the tender hearts of Gods children are e- 
ver liehdy attended with weeping-c-yes; neither can they want tears, 
whilu even other men abound witn unsjthough themfelves were free. 
And if good men (pend their tears upon wicked wretches, how naudi 
more ought thofe wicked ones tobeftow tears iipon themfelves; it 
is their danger and Mifery that Gods children are affejSbed wrthall, 
whilfl themfelves are infenfible of both ; Wo is me, t:ould their 
eyes be bkt opened that they tei^ht fee their own wofuU c6nditf on, 
they could not love themfelves (o ill, a$ hot to bewaO i t ; could they 
fee the frowocs of an angry God bent t!p6n them, could they fee iIjp 
flames of Hell ready to receive them, they Could not but diflolve into 
tears of blood 5 Oh p/tty your ow(j foiils, at laft, ye obdured finners; 
be ye feelingly apprdhenfive of your fearfuU danger, the eminent 
danorer of an aftemal damnation ; and ,vM^ep day and night before thit 
God whom ye have- provoked 5 wafh away your fins with the 
streams of penitence; Tile fire of hell can have no power where it 
^ fimles 

£r7^ JL^ .^TTr ^ n i t: 



'if' ' 


:\S2. £ la tSi^M 2. ^, 


i ■•' 


'aJT ^t^i * 


. ■ II T. 


^- ' - 


^ ^«. 

«* - . 

5 EjTr^nai ai ibxc: :^ r^ iL':^:xr: r «. « r ^. r 




* >--*.. 


A — 

.-r*': ^• 

.^^- ^f^ f 


^ <» 

I o 

A Sermon f reach* t at Httapton-Court 


We begin with their iVkm^) Mark I befeech yen Meiaference: 
The clmge of the ^xyftle in the words iounediAiiy preceeding, is^ 
tl^t the PhiUffiMs (bould mark thofe who walked holily^as they had 
the Apoftles tor examples : and now ht addes, For many nM imr* 
diimth } fee then from henoe^ that the rarity of cbofcKMi^lc men 
ihould make them more obferved, moce valued $ If there be bnt 
one Lfit in Sodom^ht is more worth then all the fouls of that populous 
and fruitfuli Pentapolis ; If there bebutfome fprinkling of Wheat 
uiacbaflK^heap, we winnow it out^ and think it worth our labour to 
do fo: fome gtatnes^or if but fcmples of predous mettals die fifred out 
oftherubbiAioftheoar«andduft. Ic is excellent that 06r Apoftle 
hath in this EpifUe the 1. Chapter V. i%. That ye may be blamlefi in 
themidftof afroward and perverfc generation^ amons whom ye 
ihtne as lights in the world : Matk^ iftnerebebut light held forth in 
a dark ntgnt ^ how do the birds come flying about it3 how do die 
eyes of men though afarr off fix upon it ; w&n as all the fpace be- 
twixt as and it (vmch is all wrapped up in darknefs ) is unregarded ; 
fucfa are^ and fuch ihould be good men amongft a world ofwidced 
ones i fo much more eminent) and efteemed , by how mudi fbt 
fewer thev arc. Paucity is wont to carry contempt with it j 5^^, 
fay the fhiUftims^ when they law Jona^My and his Armour-beaftt 
come towards thtm, hm the Ifraelites creep tmt tf their holes 5 and 
proud BelfAadsd^hcn he heard of fome few of ijfW coming fijtth 
a^ainfthim, can fay. Take them Blive^ jphetherthej tomefirfnue^ «r 
tpbetherfffr 8?J^r utke them ilive^ i Ki^. 20. t8. What is an han^tfU 
of gairiiayers upon any occafion > We are apt tothink, ttet the 
ih^^fhould bear down all before it; Do Mrij oftbe Rulm h^kve 
^*rM 5 that's argument enough : ButitmuftnotberowithCbii- 
ftians 5 here one is worthy to fe more then a th^uSTand j. if he bra 
man that orders his convetfation aright, that goes upon the fiae 
grounds of infSdl3>le'tttith, though there be none either in the worM 
befides him that foUowes after righteoafhefs , that man is worthy 
*f our mark, of our imitation ; if tfere be but one iheh in an agc< A 
flefti having, corrupted their wayes) it is better to follow him into 
the Aik, rfwito perifli wtthalf the worid of uiAdfcvwst Merc 
arethefq -Wit^s^foppofed to tlSy PMulioid Tttrnthji It is notforostd 
ftand upon the feat of an imputation of fingrilarity 5 we tnay not ^ 
as the tnofky but as the bcft $ It was ^ defpomte tefoltrciott t^Mh- 

Ei'trtK. ' 

dame, fiar kzriT. 

'* ". 




If die 

Budoe loooi for frfbce bar irtKccur* -x ^-rrj, ; A*"^* » i^/:i 

i''^'v> ito-,* r*c-i fi/^>s! >;rf 

• *^^*i 

vcTdL Sec 90K €K»tcj»i aKjBcc jtau^^^ 

I 1 


12 A Sermon Preach't at Bam^tonX^ouTt 

fa^onofvke s andif yefinde many oppofit^ die greater is the 
exercife of your fordnide, and the greater {hall be the glory of your 
viAory. It was St. Paub encouragment ( chat which would kave 
di(heartned fome other ) a large door and e£kduall is oocncd ta 
me, and diere are many adverfaries,, i Car^ 16.9. And i£ Aefe 
Divels can (ay^Mj Nsme if Legion far $pe 4ire nuuty j let your pow- 
erful! commands c^ them out, and fend them with the Iwine into 
the deep, and thence into their chaines. 

Thefe many fit not (till, but walky they are (till in mouon .* Mo- 
tion whether natural or voluntary s Natural, fo walking is living 
( Ti tmr^t ) Thus we walk even while we fit, or lye (ml ; Every 
minute is a new pace ; neither can any thing (lop our pafl^e s whe- 
ther we do fomething or nothing, we move on by infenS>Ie flqis 
toward our long home j we can no more iknd ftul then the Hea- 
vens, then time. Oh that we could be ever looking to the houfe 
ef our age : and fo walk on, in this vale of tears, that we may once 
reft for ever. Voluntary, fo the wicked ones walk like their fetter 
the Devil, jpIjo csmefrom comfoffifig the Earthy Jot. i. Wickednefs 
is feldom other then a^'ve. It is with evill as with the conc^on 
of Pcitilence, thofc that are tainted long to inkft others 5 Rilfe 
Teachers make no fpare of their Travails by Sea or Land to make 
a Profeltte : Could Sin or Hcrefic be conjured into a circle, there 
were the le(rc danger ; now they are (e much naore mifcUevoos, 
as they are more Erraticall : Haw liappy fhould it be fmce they 
will needs b^ walking, that by the holy Vigilancie of power am 
authority, they may be fcnt to walk their own rounds in the regions 

Tet further ; walklug implies an ordinary trade of life ; It is not 
a (bp, or one face that can make a walk ; bw a proccedii^ on , 
with many (hiftings of our feet : It is no judging of a man by fome 
one action} Alas, the bcft man that is may perhaps ftep afide, by 
the importunity of a temptation, and be mif-carried into (omt o- 
dious zdi s Can you have more pregnant inftaoces then JHvid^ fdx. 
man after Gods own heart,: and FeteryiA\Si . prime Difciple of out 
Saviour ; But this was not the walk of either 5 It was but a fide-ftep: 
their walk was in the wayes pf Gods commandemcnt, holy and g^a* 
cijus} No, look whafi the coutfc of n^cns Jives ate^ what mdr 
uluaHpnu^fciandaccordiagto tliatjudge.ofthqmi Ifibtytjeor- 

I oiuary 

Before K. Janu-t, im S tpz^^ub. 1^24 


dioaiy Sweaieis, pro^ne SfcaSaSj I>n:j)kzicsy DtJ»Q±'t pencn^ 
cbeffWalkisinaoillwaycDaiDoli fcariull cn^ Pisj tr^m, l:.- 
hour to rcclaiQi tfaem, axidioik>p chcrcibai triiy£aZ]ii0:Lni:> lae 
predpxc>^Hdl: liit'ittbetrcourlcafliftbe etiKiauy 'i:o!y. i^'»d 
confdonaible, icisnoca paniuiiar icL-vaimzt tr;^: csl:: u: a;ji^t 
ground of die csenfisc of an inoruinarc ^ ^lir^, wi^ad: csr Aj» ju .^' 
pafles here upon theic md-livzng fb. 1 //r-acf > -*^iBf? jrxir. 

This for thdr Modon; their Qiajuy foUowcs, Eatnlti u the 
croU^ofCbriji 5 Wlnt an Gau^iaiA d^cfiao isthis? NMocarbc: 
hacc every thing char coDcurs to ibe dka^i of a Fxkrid, \v;iit:xr 
i^cntscrlfifinimoics. Aodidiatwast^' Crc^bot ihe Engine 
ofdie Death of him, wfaomifweknTiiotbeii, wtrknenotatlJ? 
furely. We ]ovc thee noi^ O SavioDr, ifwtanlodtwnhary odja 
dx-n ai^iy eyes, M Jmdss^ FiUte^ die Craj& , K2}'!« , Spcart% 
orwhateverdfewasanywayoeoedarytD tbrmnrckx: llc^v^crc: 
thine enemies diatniiedtface to tiKCrolSe, how can the) be oircr 
thendiyFtieiids, dbataie csicmicstodbatrhy muftcrjf!', andrv 
d^nc Grndfoion* When we cooiidcT thefe thbzs Ln tTierLfci^i^ 
as vV^ood and Metall, welmow tbey are harmldjc ; but if frc^m 
what they ace in diem^ckcs, weloakaithemwidi rcfpcSt to mc-n^ 
to thee, wc foon finde why to hate, y^hy to Icne d)cm« V^'e hate 
them as they were eiacrfoyed fay oscn ajainfl t rce, wt love rhctn 
as they were improired fay thee ux man : as die tni^jaKrms oftm-n^ 
maliueandunelty^ainft thee, we hate them: we love d^-tm^ 
tliey wcic made % tbee, doe infiroments ofoarcedempdon: T^y 
Oofle was thy deadi : It is thy dL2^ that e^es 1:5 hfe ; fuas 
therefore we caoBoc be at ODoeeneflnies of die Cjo^^ and friends cf 
dice crodficd: 

As Chrift himfelf, £} the &o0e of Chdil faodi osanv ^fe fik^ 
and even tbc^aie 00 other dxn enemies ; vmfjSt 6^'oQrs are no 
lefs injuiioQs then derogations ; he diac (bocld deify a Saint (bau!d 
wrong him as modi, as he dm ihcaild Divdlixe him; OurKoma^ 
ni(b exceed this way, in dnr devotions to dxCrol^; b^3ch in wet— 
™^(i^7¥^ ^ukS in over-mat^iifyinz of it. Had the wood of the 
Crolicg^own from d)e day that tt was &ik (tt in tbe Earcb> tiil 
now, and bomeaofles ; diat whidi Si0$§» of Cyr^^ once bore, 
could not have fiUedfo many carts, fo many (hips, as that which is 
iiowinibycTalpartsofChtiftend^m g^xncur and adored for the 

14 A Setmon Freacljt at Hampton-Courc 

trae crolTe of Chrift ; yet the bulk is nothing to the vertue afcribed 
to it : The very wood (which is a (hame'to fptak ) is by them 
Sainted and deifyed, who knowcs not that ftalp hymncj and unrea- 
fonable riiMe of Ara cruets^ UmpAS lucis^ folafilns h^minufit. 
^ Nobis prommfdc p/Uromm quern tuUHi demuium^ 

Wherein the very tree is made a mediator to him^whom k borc^ 
very a SavioUr as he that dy'd upon it. And who knowcs not that by 
thefe Bigots y an aftivc venue is attributed riot only to the very wood 
of the aofs^but to the Aitie and tranfie nt form and reprefentation of 
it J A vertue of fanftifyinctte crcafutejof expelHng Drvells^of heal- 
ing difeafes^.j conceits croflely fupcillitiouS) which the Church of 
England &f(it abhorred, never cither pradtifed, or countenanced ; 
whofe crofs was only commemorative, atid commonitive, never pre- 
tended to be any way efficacious ; and theref&rc as far different 
from the Roftiifh crofsj as the fatall tree of CHtift frool that of Ju^ 
dM J AWay then with this grofs and {irtfull fopoery of our Roma* 
nifts s which proves them not the friends buj tnt flatterers of die 
Oofs } flatterers up to the very pitch of Idrfatry 5 and cte there 
be a worfe enemy then a flatterer ? ^H on this fawning, and 
crouching hoftility to the croflfe tf Chtift 5 ftth fritndftup to ^ 
altar is a defiance to the facrtficc. 

For thefe PhilippUn pfeudapojlks ; Two wayes were they cne- 
ttiiesto the Crofs of Chrift 1 in their doftrines, in their pradife. 
InDodrine; whiles they Joynedidrcumdfion, and ottier legalities 
with the crofs of Chrift ; lo W ai pretended partt^r(1f>ip detrafting 
from the vertue and power of ChriTfts death : Thus they were ene- 
mies to Chrifls death as this ; h\ pra«ftife, foikjwirtg a loofe and 
voluptuous courfe, pampering themfelyes, and ihiftiiig oflr perfecu- 
tionforthe Gofpeui Thus thty Wcteeftctriic^ t6 the ttofs of Chrift, 
as theirs : Truth luth evfetbtie^face : There arcftill two forts of 
enemies to the crolsj The errdMouf^ the itcentious "^ Thb ernne&nt 
in judgment, that will be intef'Comfnowmjg'with Chrift in the ver- 
tue and efficacy of his paffion 5 The ficcriticflisin life j that defpife 
and annihilate it. . In tht firft, liiow pafpabJc enemies rare ;they to 
the crofs of Chrift, that hold 'CJfdfts (atisfaafoh ttpon the crofs 
imperfeft without ours; Thus the Romifh Doftors. prdfeft to do; 
Their Cardinall pafles a flat nm espiat upon it, boldly : Tempera- 
UmptgnmtotammfipropriafAtisfoBhj^coo^^ lU. /^4e, 


Before K. James, in Septcaib. 1^14. 15 

fMit.c. X4« ^. Neque vero. Our pcnall works (fakh J«4r^A) are 
properly a payment for the pu niChmeoc of our fin j And which of 
the Tridcntiiie fa£tioti faycs otherwifc ? What foul Hypoaifie is 
chb) to creep and aouch to the very image of the croTs^ and in the 
oiean time to fiuftrate the vertue of it j Away with thefe hollow 
and hoftile complements j how happy were it for them if the 
CXQ& of Chrillm^ht havelei&oftherknees^ and more of their 
hearts; without w&h all their adorations are hut npockeiy ; cer- 
tainly, the paitner{hip of lecall obfervations was nevcrr xt^K ene*' 
my to Chrifts aofs, then tnat o^ humane fatisfa&ions s For us % 
God forbid that we Aiould rejoyce \n any thing, but \xi the crofs 
ofChrift) with St. Fimli Our profeffion roundly is} The crofs 
is our M tcdemptbn s let them that Apw mxt iay fo much : elfe 
for all their ducking, and cringeing, they (hall never quit chemfelves 
of this juft charge, that they are the enemies of the crofle of 
Chrift. ^ 

The licentious, fecondly, are enemies to the crofs of Chrift s 
and thofe of two forts ; whether carnall revolters, or loofe-livers y ■ 
The fiiift, in (hifttng off perfecution, by conforming themlelves to the 
prcfent world ; they will do any thing rather men fulfcr } caring 
more for a whole skin, then a found lorn s Mccre flives of the fea- 
fbn, whofe poeiie is that of Ot^atus i Onmid fro tfmpore^ nihil pra 
veraMTT s . All for the time^ notntng for the Truth. Either diny v^U 
(cive^ Hcfiowd^ atCfwcifige^ Sudi was that infamous Euitaiuf j 
filch was 5/tfVv, fuchthote in the primitive times, that with ^4r- 
ctUiiM would caft jgraais of incenffc into the Idols fire, to (hun 
the fire ofa Tyrwos fwy { fiich as will bow vheir knees to a brcaden 
Odd, for fear of aninoutfitors flie } and kifs the toe of a living I- 
dol, rather then hazard a foQpkton ; the world is full of fuch fhuf*- 
ftn: Di^yeaskhowwe know? I do not iend you to theSpanifh 
tt«de, or Italian tmvails, or Spg-wtUers^ The tentative Edift 
ofC#i;/l«M(M^<kfd7edmanyfal^^ hearts; And the late relaxation 
of penafi laiws for religion difcovefcd many a turn-coat-; God 
iQKpotir|;reafmGnupfkhr5 if they fhould fwerveit is to he fear-* 
td, the trach wouhl yfmd bit a few friends : Blefled be God ;/: 
«he tiflKs pvoftire to patronize tiuerel^ii} If the windc ihjM 
twti, Ixmr many widh tkK noted ttfile^er^er ^vould be ready 
toA^ Cmemtf^imim^ ^. kt M^qg unto^ ImA a4iew fong. 

There V 

1 6 A Sermon Freach't at Hampton-Court 

There is no Ghurch Kghtly without his- wethercock^- For us, my 
•beloved, wc l^now not what we are referved for; let us fit down, 
and cxHint what'it may cuft us ; and as thoCe who would carry fomc 
great weight upon a wager, will be every day heaving at it to inure 
themrdves to the burden, before they come to their utmoft tryall, fo 
kt us do to the crofs of Chrift : let lis be every day li/cing at it m our 
ilioughts, that when the time comes we may comfortably go away 
with it J Itwasagoodpurpofe oiPeter^ though I Ihould dye with 
thee I will not deny thee j but ft was a better grounded refolution 
of St. PaUl^ I am ready not to be bound only, but alfo to dye for 
the name of the Lord Jefus, Aft. 2 1. 1 3. Let us in an humble con- 
fidence of Gods mercy ii) upholding us fix upon the feme holy de- 
termination 5 not countifig our lite dear unto us, fo as we may 
finifh our ctHurfe with joy. Thus we fhall not be ntore friends to 
the crofle of Chrilt, then the crofle will be to us, for if we fuffcr 
with him, we {hall alfo reign with him. 

Befides carnall rex'olters, loofe livers powre fhame upon the 
aoflc. Chrifls croflfe is our redemption. Redemption is from fin, 
and death j whiles therefore we do wilfially fin, we do ( what in 
us lies) frdtrate the crofs, and make a mock of our redemption ; 
every true Chriftian is with St. /iia/ cracified together with Chriit 
2.GaIat.2o. his fins are faftned upon that tree of fhame and 
curfc with his Saviour, the mif-liviag Chriftian therefore cttsdfies 
Chrift again 5 each of his willing fins is a plain defpight to his Re- 
decm^erj The falfe tongue ©fa profc flour gives in evidence againft 
the Son of God : the hypocrite condemns Chrift, and walhes his 
hands 5 the proud man ftrips him, and robes him with purple : 
the diftruftfijl plats thomes for the head of his Saviour j the drunkaid 
gives him vineger and gall to drink, the oppreflbr drives nailes 
into his hands and feet ; the blafphemer wounds htihto the heart; 
wo is me, what an heavy cafe are thefe men in ? wc cannot but 
think thofe that offered this bodily violence to the Son of Cod were 
highly impious. Oh, thou fajeft,! would not have been one of them 
that (hould have done fuch a fa£l: for all the world : but , O 
man,lcnow thou,that if thou be a wilful! finner againft God in diefe 
kindes, thou art worfe then they.' He that prayed for his firft cm* 
cifiers, curfeth his fecond % tliey ctndficd him in his vveakneile s 
thcTeinhis glory: ihey fetcht him firom the gaixlcn to his ctol&i 



Septeinb. 1624. 17 

rf li ■ — ^— — w^— — ^^— — — I— — y 

'. •»» /'^ 

tbefepuiiiifin cut of heaven; ruiely> they caimot be niHe 
totheaoffcofChrift, thenChriftistothem; whoby htalhattbe 
punifticd with everiafting deftriKfiion from the prcfcucc of the Lord, 
and from the glory of his power, 2 TheJJaL !• 9. a$ic alfo followes 
in tn^^^i^'v^hofe tnd is deftruBion. 

A wotull condition beyond all thoughts j like- unto that Hell- 
wherein vc is accompHlhed, whereof thtre is no bottom \ had the 
Apoftle uid only, whofe end is death : the doom hadbeen heavy i 
barthit is the common point whereat all cTeatures touch>in their latt 
paflfage, cither way; and is indeed the ea(ieft piece of this' ven- 
geance; it-were well for wilful (innifrs, if they might dye; 6t ii 
they might but dye: Even earthly diftrefles lend men to fuefor 
death ; how much more the infernal ; there are thofe that have 
fmiled in death,ficver any but gnaflied in torments; thatdtftihdlion is 
very remarkable which our Saviour makes- betwixt killing and de* 
ftroying ; Afatth. 10. 28. Kiffihg the body, deftfoying body and 
foul ; ^^nsMtm and tm^gm ; Men may kill ; Gdd only can deftroy ; 
there are gradations even in the laft a^ of execution; eiprefled in the 
Greek, which our language doch not fo ftilly diftinguKh; w*<»is 
to kill , fMvfff implyes violence in killing ; ^mi^kimy cruelty in' 
that violence^ but ^^nxi^^^ a» abfolutenefs jlnd etemi^ cS totm^nn 
Killing is nothii^ to deftroying ; the body is but meer rubbifh to die 
roul;and rherefore(to put thefe together) kiilifl^he body is nothing to 
defbu^h of the foul ; Alas, here is every arcumiWice that may 
add horrour and mifery to a condition ; fmUMmejfe oikizvxt^degree 
of extremity , imfojpklip of releaie ; fuddainnefs ; Thej fhaU /##» 
te cut down ds thegrs^ey faith David^ Pf. 37, t. yca^ yet tooner then 
fo ; 45 the fire licks uf the Hram^ Eft. 5. 24. and more fiiddainry yet ; 
as the Hjjrilfwifuipaffeth^fo ic the wicked m nwre^ Prm. 10. 2 5. Short^ 
ly, they Are brou^ to defolgtim i» a moment^ Ffst. 73. i^. 

As for the desree of extremity , it is far beyond all expreffions,all 
conceptions oftnecreature;the wrath of God is as himlelf infinite ; 
as the slory of his faints is fiich ( as St. PomI that faw it tells us ) that 
it tranKends all conceit, and cannot come out of the mouth, cannot 
enter into the heart,fo the vei^eance prepared for his enemies is e- 
quall/incomprehenfiblc ; the Rack, the Wheel, theGJjber, the 
Fire are fearfull things ; but thefe (bH within our thoughts ; wo un- 
to that foul that muiffuffer what it is not capable to conceive. Even 

C what 

8 A Sermon Fre4ch\ at Hanptoa Coyrt 


wl^yt^ iWftisa»J(kvJfei> V^ 4^ oppr^bciid i^ cccnhlc echoic very 
torments that men prejpare for menj^re iiich as we ifaiink at the men- 
tion of> ceaiiiig>^^ii^9 broaching, hroyling^ &c what fhall tlx)fc 
be which an angry God hath prepared for his enemies I 

But though tne torment were extream for the time> yet if at laft 
it m^c have an end, there were fome polTibility of comfort ; alas, 
wcftuug at the thgi2ght of burning, though in a quick fire; but to 
think otmans being a whole hour in the flame,we abhot^co imagine; 
but to be a whole day 'm that fiate how hm:ible doth it ieem. Oh 
then^what (hall we fay to thofe everlnfiing burnings ? To be, not dayes, 
otiHoqedhs, or years, butthouiandsofau^lionsofyears, and milli- 
ons of nullions after that , and after that for all eternity, ftillinthe 
he^htofthefe unconceivable tortures, without intermiflion, with- 
out relaxation ? Oh the groile Atheifmc of carnall men, that do not 
believe, thefe dreadful vengeances 1 Oh the deiberatc (ecutity of 
choTe men who profefs to believb them, and yet dare tun into tl^ic 
fins which niay and will plunge them inco this damnation ! Is fin 
fweet ? Yea, out is it fo Iweet, as Hell fire is grievous ? Is it profit 
taUe } But can it countervail, the \qS% p£ the beatifical vifion of God ? 
Oh mad (uuiers, that for a little momenta;>y concenpnent calt ttiem- 
fi^ves into everUfiing perdition.} letthQ ^drinkbe ncvfr fo delicaoe 
and well-fptoed, yetjtw^hegr there ispoyfon in it , we lioldotf; 
letGoldbeoffoeduS:, yetifwehearitisredhot, we draw back our 
hands, and toud) it. not (Oh then, why wUlwe befodefpcrately 
^poliAi^as when a little poorunfatisfying pleauire isp^red us,tho«]gh 
taiiced with a woful damnation for ever and ever, we fhould da)^ 
to entertain it at fo dear a rare. Have metcy upon your own fouls, 
mydeflrbicthrens and when the motions of evill are madcto vouj 
cl)eck them with the danger of this fearfull damnation j from which 
theGodofailmerdes gracioufly deliver us all; for the fake of the 
^ear Sonof his love Jefus Chrift the righteous ) to whom, &c« 



\ ^ 




Liaddxdk iaa . 

t . . / 

R M O N 

Treacht to his late MAJESTY at 


In the time of the Farliament holden anno 1 538, 

By J O S. B, 9f ExOH, 

'I J I '1 I I > II im^tmm^mmmmmm^^^^mmmammmttt^mm 

GO. 5; r. 

Stand fdji there fore in the Liberty wherewith Cbrifi hath 

made yoH free. 

ASiFinytoin|ueandyour ears could not eafily be difwonted 
from our mte ParUamentary Jan^uagt syou have here in this 
text Libcrty^Preiogative^ytbe maifuraaace of both ; Liberty 
of Sd:>)eds that ate freed; Prerogative of the King of^orythac 
hath freed them s maintenance ofthat liberty^ which thepower of 
chat^eatpren^ativehatbatchieved; Cbriftian liberty, Chriftsli* 
beratUMi, our pcrfifience; StMd fjfi md?e Litertj wberemA Chrifi 
hath made yot^frif. 

. . Liberty is a fvi«et word; the ihixfi it ielf is much fweeter ; and 
ineos appcehenfions make it yet iweeter then it is! Cercainlyif 
liberty aiid life^ivere competitors^'t is a ^eat queilion whether would 
carry it> fiirelai%if there be a life without it^ yetitis not vital; 

C a Man 


20 Chrijlian Liberty laid forth. 

Man reftrained is like a wild bird (hut up in a cage } chat offers at 
every ofche grates to gee out, andgrovtesfullen when it can find^ 
no evafbn ; and till ftark famime'iirge it will not fo much as feed for 
anger to be confined. Neither^is tte word more fweet then large ; 
Thwe areas many liberties as reficaints ; and as nvuiy reibsiints as 
there ate liaiitations of fupeiiour commands j and there arc fo ma^ 
ny Hmics of con^ands as there are either duties to be done, or 
fentences to be undergone : There is a liberty of the parts, and a 

11ierei>isidronkenbbertyof theTongue,whicbbeu^ <Mice gl^ibed 
with intoxicatin]^ liquor runs Wilde through Heaven and earth,' and 
fpares neither him. that is God above ; nor thofe which arc called 
Gods on Earth ; the Slanderer anfwer'd Firrhm well ; I confefs t^ 
faid thus, O Kin^ j and had (aid mote if more Wine hadbeen given 
me i treafon is butalavemrdialed; Any thing pafles well .under 
the Rofe ; it is not the man but the liquor, not the liquor but. the 
excefle that is guiltytof this libextv*. 

There is an audacious and fadious \Socny of this loofe filme ; 
which not only ill'^ucor'd Schcrfkfs* nkt -to theaiielvcs^ under the 
i)amc of liiertds j^^phetandiy peftrring both Preflc s and Pulpits with 
their bold and hrainfick fandes; but! unlettered Trades-men, and rat- 
ling Goflips too ; whith whcmi deep queftions of Divinity, and 
centres of rheir Teachers are growntihto cpmmon table-talk j aid 
peremptory dccifions of Theological problemcs is as ordinary al- 
moft, as backbiting their neighbours^ ^ 

There is a profane libcrjry of AtheotB fwaggerers which fay, dip. 
rMi^ama viHculd ; let us break their bonds : Not religion only, but 
evcnr;?afoh'a!nd furhinity feem fetters to thefc fpirits 5 who like 
cfieBenioniackirttheGf^^ all their chains finde 

no^fitrbdombut amoh^ the noyfpm graves t>f hat^U'irorruptions. 

There Is a difloyal liocny ot thofc rebellious (pirtts, which ^fpi(e 
govcmmem ; and Bold it a fervitude to live within tbe range of 
wholefume lawes, there is no freedom with theft? unquietdifpofiti^- 
x)i^, bat in the bold cenfuces. of authority, in the fedttious calumnia* 
tions of fupefiours, and in their own tttopical prefcriptions. Every 
thing is good to thefc" men fave the pitfent, and nothing favethett 
own : though all thefe arc not foiliuch Hbcrtie*;, as liccntioufh'efs. 
, ^fidcs thefe, there arc civfll ^bchics of Pcrfons, Towns ^fhu 

'^ ' ■' corporati- 

ChriHian Liberty laid forth. 21 


corpoiackMis, Coitticnes, Kfi^ » Kiajgdonies ; ^goixi reafixi dide 
ihoiiM be omisalty flood upon s Rdigtoo was flever an enemy id 
die due ocdets, and rights of policy ; Godsbookis thecfue M^ms 
dmrtd chat enaAs both King and Ptople their own : He that harh fet 
bounds to the wide Ocean, hath Itinted the fieef^liberty ; but chefe 
l&erties are not for the pulpit ; It i$ the Chtiitian liberty wh^with 
we have to do; that alone hath fcope enough both for ourprefent 
fpeech and perpetual maintenance . 

This Chiiftfan liberty ftands either in immunity from eviiJ, or en^ 
jement wgood ^ The inmnnitie is from that which is eyill in it 
fdfy MM* that which is evill to us : In it felf, Siiiy 5atan : Sin, whe- 
tfaorinthe^ult, or in the punifhment ; die puni{hment, whether 
mward, or outward : Inwmy the flavery of an accufing coniaence; . 
Outwatd , the wrath o^ Ggd, Death , Damnation* l^vill to us, 
whether burdenfooK traditions,, or the law ; the Law,, whether' 
Moral, brOficmoniall i Moral , whether the obligationse, or the 
curie: Enlaraement to good j whether in rcfveA of the creature,, 
which is our tree ufe of ir, or whether in tetpc& to God ;- in our 
voluntary fervice of him;«in our free-l^eflc to him; Acceilc 
'Wijether to his throne of grace , or .our throne of glory. I have 
Jaic^beforeyoua compendK)us taUetofour Chrif^ian liberty ;Jelle 
then which is bandage ; mote then which is loofencile. Such abun^ 
dant fcope there is in this allowed freedom^ that what heart foe ver 
would yet rove further,,makes it felf unworthy of piety in loofingit 
fclf; Ete we think the Angels are pent up in their Heavens, or can- 
wifli to walk beyond thofe ekirious bounds ? Can they hold it a re- 
ftraint, that they can but will good ; like to our liquorous fkft pa- 
rents that longed to know evil ? Oh the fweet and ^ happy liberty of 
the Tons of God ? All the world befides f hem are very flaves, and 

lYecJ)h6xionstothebolts,fetterSy fcourges of a fpiritual cruelty; fc 
is hard to beat this into a c4mall heart ; no fmall part of our ibrvi^ ^ 
tude lyesin the captivaripn of our underftanding 5 fuch, as that we 
cannorfeeourfelves captive. This is a ftrange difference of mif* 
pnTon^ the Chriftian is free> and. cannot think hknfelf fo;* the 
the; worldliMthmks^hmfelf free, and is ootfo*. What talk we to 
thefe Jovialuts ? It is liberty < with them ) for a man to fpeak what 
he thinks,to take what .he likes, to do whathe liftj j: without reftri- 
dtoo, wtthiattt controlaxnc r Call ye tlus fveedom^that a man muft 

• . ipeafc. 

4 2 ChriSiian Liberty laid forth. 

fpeak andUvebynile; rohaveagoaidtipoofattlips amlhbeyes; 
nopaflageforavainwocdorlook) mucblefsforakud; tohaveliis 
beft pl^aiures ilimed, his worfc abandonedito be tasleedimidi an w- 
pieaHnggood^iKi chid when l«failsJu(h, tell nocme; Toletdie 
neart looie to an unlimited joiUty^to reveU heartily, to fcaft widiout 
fear, CO drink without me^ure, to fwear without cheeky to admit 
of no bound of Inxury^but our own Arei^th;to {hut out ^ tfaoii^ts of 
fctupulous aufterity, to entertain no gueft of inward motion^ but 
what may footh up our lawlefnefs. This is libcxty s vMho goes Ie(& 
is a flav e to his own fevere thoughts. Set tbte tkhind me Satmy ftrtbm 
fauourefi Mt the thmgt of Oodi If this be freedom, to hava our full 
fcope of wickedncfSsOh happy Divels, Oh mifer^le Saints olECoA. 
Thofe though fettered up in diatns ot everlafting daricnefs can cb no 
otli^ but fin i thefe in all the elbow-room of the Empyreal h^tven 
cannot do one evill aift S veatheGodof iiaincs and Angels, the An- 
thor of all liierty (hoald be leaft free, who out of the Ueifed neceffi- 
ty of his moft pure nature is not capable of the leaft poflibility of e* 
vill. Learn, O vain men, that there is nothing but impotence, no- 
thing but gieves and nianicles in the freeft (ins ; fume captive may 
have a longer chain then his fellowes \ yea (bme ef&nder may have 
the liberty of the Tower, yet he is a prifoner ft ill. Some Goal 
maybe wider then fome Palace : whatof that ? If ¥k\\ were more 
ipacious then the feat of the blefltd, this doth not make it no place 
of torment. Go whether thbu wilt, thou refolved (inner, thou car* 
rieft thy chain with thee ; it (hall (tick as clofe to thee as thy foul ; 
neither can it ever be (liaken off, till thou have put off thy felf by a 
fpiritual regeneration, then only thou art free. 

It is a divine word, that in our Liturgte, Whofe fervice is perfed; 

freedom ; St. P4v/ faith as much, Ronu 6. x8. 20. Being freed from fin 

.ye are made fervi juftttia?, thefervants of riq})teoufn^e : What is 

. Itbcnybut freedom from bondage, and behold our freedom from 

the bondage of fin tyes us to a (\itQ liberty, that is our free obedience 

to God : Both the Orator and the Philofophcr define liberty by P^ 

tefias Vivendi sa velis^ but withall, you know he addes, quis vivitiu 

vuJjt^ nifi qui teBafejuitwr^ Sec lx>w free the good man is ; he doth 

what he will, forbewillswhat God wiHs, and what God WGoId 

have him will ; in what ever he doth therefore he is a free man j 

fieither hath any man free-wilt to good but he: Bean^tious of dib 

liappy condition, O all ye noble and generous fpiiits,and do not 

. think 


ChriftiofiUbcrty laid forth. 

tHnkyelive oil ye have attained to di^ tnie Ubenv.. the liberty 
wherewith Chhlt hath made us free ; So from the ISxrty, we de--* 
icend to the perogative. Chiifk liberattoQ. 

Here is the glorious prerogative of the Son of God^ to be the deli- 
verer or redeemer of his people 3 They could not free themiejves ; 
the Angels ofheaven might pitty^could not redeem them; yeaala:^ 
who could,or who did redeem rhofe of their rank^which of lighcipmc 
celeftiall fpirits, are become foul Devik ? Only Chnft axild tree us^ 
whofe ranfome was infinites only ChriiV did uceus^ whoic lov^is 
infinite i and how hath he wroi^ra our liberty ? By force, by pur*- 
chafe. By force in that he hath conquered him, whoTe captives wc 
werej bypurchale, in that he hath pay'd the fiill price (x ourran*- 
fom, to that (iipream hand whereto we were forfeited : 1 We heard 
JLawers fav, there are in civiil Corporations three wayes of freedom i 
by Birth, oy Service, by Redemption ; By Birth, as St. Paul was 
free of Home ; by Service, as Apprentifes upon expiration of their 
years j by Redcmptkm, as the the Centurion, mw Afftu fum fur- 
chdfed I this freedom. Two of thc(e are barred from, all utrcr 
pofilihility in our fpirinial freedom s for by Binh we are the foQS 
of wrath ; by fervicq we ate naturally the vaflals f^ Satan ; it is only 
the precious redemption ofthe Son of G^d that hath freed us.. 

Whereas freedo/^uhen hath refpcft to bondage, thf re arc fcvcn 
£g)pdan Maflers fh)m who(e flaveiy ChriA hath freed u$; $k{^ an 
accu(in| Confcience, danger of Gods wrath, tyranny of Satan, the 
curfe ofthe Law, MofaicUl Ceremenies, hutnane Ordinances *, fee 
cue fervitude to, and 9ur freedom from all .thefe by (be powerfuU 
liberation of Cbrift. 

I. It was a true word of that FjtbagoreMy Q^ vitU^ mdwni^^^ 
fin is an hard maftcr : A mafter } Yeaa tyrant} letmt jm reign m 
your mopfalHodieSy Rom. 6 14. and fo the finner is not only fervm cor^ 
ruptitUj a dmdge of corruptions 2 Pet.2. i^.buta very mwfildm^' 
derjwy Xom.y.i/^. 

So neceifitated to evill bv4iis own inward corruption that he can^ 
not but grind in this Mill, ne cannot but row in this Gaily: For, as 
jfoffe fecaoreis the condition ofthe greatef)^ Saint upon earth,and Non 
foffefeuare i^ the condition of the teaft Saint above, fo non fa^e mn 
fec€4r& is the condition of the leaft finful unr^eaerate ; as the 
prifoim may fhift his feet but not his fetlirss or as the &ail cannot 



Chrifiian Liberty laid forth. 


but leave a (lime track behind^ic which way foever it goes;Herc is our 
bondage 5 whereis our liberty j' Ulfi fpriritus dominie ihi Ukertjs j 
where the fftrit of the Lorclis^ there is Utertj^i Cor.^.y. Oh wretched 
fMntht^t I m^mo^M deliver me from this hodj of deaths I thMkmy 
God through Jefus ChrijtSo then Chrift hath freed us from the bondage 


An accufing confcience is a t«ie rask-mafter o( Egypt 5 it will be 
fure to whip us for what we have done, for what we have not done : 
Horrour of fin, like a fleeping Maltiye, lyes at our door. Gen. 4. 7. 
when it awakes it will fly on our throat. No dofer doth the ftiad- 
<iow follow the body, then the revenge of felf-accufation foHowes 
fin i walk Eaftwanf in the morning the fhadow ftans behind thee, 
•foon after it is upon thy left iidc 5 at noon it is under thy feet j lye 
down it coucheth Under thee, towards even it leaps before thee : 
^hou canft nor be rid of it, whiles thou haft abody, and the Sun light j 
^10 more can thy foul quit the confcience of evil ; *This is to thee in- 
ftead of an Hell of Fiends that ffiall ever be fhaking fire brands at 
thee, eyer tbrmring thee with affrights ofmorcjpaines then thy na- 
ture can comprehend, S$!vd totiturtalta canfcienttA^ mfd. 17. it.' If 
thou locjk to the punishment oflofs, it (hall fay z% Lyfimachvatdidy 
how much felicity have I 'o \ for h^w little pleafure : If to the pu- 
nifhrnekt of fenfe it Ihall fay to thee as the Tyrant dream'd his 
4iean faidtohim out of the boiling caldron '•>•' ^ Ww Mm • I am 
-the caufe of all this mifery : Here rs our bondage, wbere is the liber- 
-cy ? Havingourheirtsfprinkledfromanevill Confcience ^ Heh. 10. 22. 
Sprinkled, with what ? Even with the blood of Jefus^ xerf. ip. This, 
this only is it that can free us : It is with the 'unquiet Ixrart as with 
the troubled Seaof7/7fr/45 J the Winds rile, the Waters fwell, 
•the billowes roar, the (hip is tofled^ Heaven and Earth threat to 
meet 5 Chritt doth but fpeak the word, all is cafme 5 fo Chrift hath 
•freed us Secondly from the bondage of an accufing confcience. 

The confcience is but Gods Bayliff ; It is the difpleadire of the 
Lord of Heaven and Earth that is the utmoft of all tertibles 5 the 
lear of Gods wrath is that ftrong winde that Itirrs thcfe billowes from 
the bottom $ fet afide the danger of divine difpleafure and the da- 
moi^ts of confcience were hatmlefs 5 this alone makes an Hell in the 
bofomeffhe averfion of Gods face is confufton^ the leaft bending of hfc 
hcowis^dition Pf, 2JlltJ9Ut Idstotus dfiusjt)is whok fary^sff.yS.^t. 


Chrifiian Libtriy UidfortK t % 


i»the utter abforption of the creamrc ; ^xcad^^em^ ijm fumlitftr 

ficutifnif^ Hu wr4lh if fomrtd O0t like prey the racks are rent lef ore ity 
llahum X. 6. whence there is nothing but ( ^ju^l sa^ ) afiatfuU oc*-. 
peSation of JMi^me^yOnd fiery JfidignatioMyiph/fh fbaU devour .the idverfa^ 
riesy Heh. lo. ly.Here.b the bon()a«,. where is the liberty ? ^a&^: 
juft*f yed by ^th we have peaqp with God, throu^^b J«fus Chtill wr 
Lord. So then Chrift hatn freed us thdidly ^om the bondageof the 

. Asevery wicked man is a Tyrant, according to the Philofophera 
pofition.s and every Tirant isa Devil among men .fo the Devil is the 
Archrtyrant of dbe aeamtes *> he makes all his Subjeds errand vailals, 
yea chained (laves, % Tim. 2.ivfr.That they may recover thetnlelves 
tirom the inare of the Devil who are taken captive by him at his wil! : ' 
lo here is will , fnares , captivity, perfeft tyranny. Nakafjb the 
^iifmi^V^wasanotaUeTyram>hewoiildhavethe right eyes of the 
Kiraelites but out,as an eminent mark of lervitude} fo doth this infer- 
nal N^i^/b blind the r%ht eye of our underftanding s yea, with the 
Ip^htful Philifiimy he puts out both the eyes of bur appreheofion and 
ju<%nent,that he may syre us about in the Mill of unprofitable wick- 
cdneflejand cruelly ii^mt upon out temcxUlefle mifery. And when he 
hathdone,the faiieft end is death, )^ deatt^Vithout end ^ Oh the 
inipotency of earthly tyranny to this j the ereateft blood-fuckers 
cottldbntkilU andlivor fofifatOy as the old wotA is ; but here is 
ah homieids db initio ; and a fine too vever killing with an ever-living 
death, for a perpetual fruition of our torment. Here is die bon- 
dage s where is the liberty i Cbriii bsthfpoikdpincipditieSMdpow 
erSjMdmAde Afjhow oftbem^penly trinnwhixg over them in the fame crofsy 
€ohf. 2. 1 5. By bis death he destroyed bim thM ha^ the fwer of deaths 
tke Devily H^i* %• 14. So then Chrift hath freed us fourthly^ from 
die bondage of Satans tyranny. 

Atthebeft, thelaWBbut a hard Mafter, impofliUeto pleafe^ 
;iiMkm « 4(« faith St. PmI : but at the worft, a cmell one s 
The very courtefie of the law was j^gnm^ an unfupportable yoke, 
but diefpight of thelaw is «>»^i a curfe. Curfed is every eke Am 
€ontinne$mt in MthM is written in the book of the law to do it^ Gal. 
|« 19. Do you not remember an u^nmerdfiill ^ward in the Go* 
JpeU^datcatdbeth his bankmpt fellow by the throat, and fates, P4jp 
fiit^^m^J^i fo dorhthe law Co usj we (hould pay and 
. " ^^" fi can- 


26 Chriftiau Liberty laid forth* 

mMI I — ^g-^M ■ ■ ' ■— «— ^"i^^*^ 

caniiot ; andbecaufe wectnnotpay) we forfeit oQr felves; fo as 
^voy mothersfon is the child of death. Here is our bondage } where 
is ourli^cy ? Gbrift hath redeemed us from the a^fe ot the law^ 
being madeacurfe for us j Ob bleifed redempdoii, that frets us 
from tbe cofei^ Ohblefiled redeemer^ that would becoi&e a qufe 
for us that the curfe of the law mtg^it ntft iigbc uponussfo Chr^ 
hath freed us fif thly^ from.the bondage of the law. 

Jlfo/r5 was a meek man) but a fevere Maftcr ; His face did noe 

more ilme in Godsafpe^ upon \m[^ jbenirlowred m hisia(f>cd to 

men s Ife ce-remomes weie hard iihpdriticms s Many for cnumber^ 

coftly for charge^ painfull for i^Kecuticm. He that led Jfrstl out 

of one bondage, carryed them into another : From the botfids^e of 

Egjft^ to the bondage of SinM i this held nil the vail of the 

Temple rent ; yea till the vail of that better Teaipk) las faaed 

body, his ve^ hear t^ftrtngs did crack a ftnder, wirh a cmfimmitmn 

rfii Aad. now ^^ tt ^ xe>^, CbriA is the ef$d $fthi lliim^ Kom». 

10, 4.N&mthtIa0 ^fthefpirit 9fUfeh»ihfreedi0$^^im.t.2. Yon 

hear now no more newcsof the cerenhonies of prefiguracioik 

they aie de^ with OttiA $ ceiemonksof d6cefA7 iMy and tsm. 

live h let no man nc^v have his ear bottd^ thordjagli to Mgjfa his 

ppft s Chrift hsthireed tis (ixtly from the law of ceieafMnies. 

Our hft Mafter is humaife Or<^nances } the cafe cA our ex* 
enription where firom is not fo (^ar j concerning which Ifiniilr 4 
double extrejmfi of opinio^ } Ihe oive that afiritos* to<> moth tt> 
them, ascqualliug. rhemwith the law of G^} the oiher that af^ 
cfibcs too liitk to them, as if they w^it no tie to^ our cticdience: 
The one floidiiig them to hind the conference no leis then the pofi*- 
five laws of Crod j the other either height in^ their obligatfon, or 
extendiog it only 00 the dntward man, not tB$ in<yard : we isixA 
learn to walk a mid- way betwixt botb^ and know rirat'th^ good 
lawes of ^ur ibpeiicurs, whether civill or eccldkrftiral, do in it fort 
reach to the very oonfcience ; though not prinftatiJy mdt imrne^ 
4iiatelyas theirs, yci: mediately and fecondoirily ad thtvftandin 
reference to the law of God w jrhr ^ dbediencc'tcy hiS» ittttittiied as^ 
•thorky s snd th^icfore they VBt ns in fcine ioi r kefides the orf^ 
whctliicr of fcandall, or contempt. Where no iilatt can wiBK&3 
there isno fcandallj where is no* imeniion of an afimit to the 

commaading power^ there is no cofmrnpt"^ lot^ j^r Anlli^ 

hI break 

Chriftidn Uherty laid forth. 2 7 

bcejikgOQclIawswidMicaU winds, ymj&itm^ipot^tdittnm 
is thcrfcnefia bcx:ai](e<lifobediciice^ Fcrcuniple, Idine iiillv a* 
leae out of wantonneile, upon a day^ lequefived W authomy to a 
publickfafts Idioeabne, thnefare wichooc icaodall ; oucot waiH 
tonnei&, therefoie not cue of lOMttempt ; yet I ^nd agoiiA 
hfoi chacfeethiafecrcc, iK>iwidiftandiiig any (dkxmntfk^ and my 
waatonndBkis by him coofttned asa cpitteiiipt to cfae ordainer of 
anthodty. Bac when both fiandall and coiMcmpt ate tnec to j^gra^ 
vaie ihe vicrfadoo, notf xhe^bceacbDCiifluiAe lawes binds ^ con- 
rcieiiGe>ca.a;£»ii«U goik^ -Nor to flatter the tinesy (as Ihope I 
fbaULnfeyer be blurred with this dfiiMMation ) 1 mtift needs fa^ 
thisisfoo Oiafiicfblly omegaided ; Never age was more law]e(fe s 
Our fixe-fatiiers were tacgnc tobe rupctftkiauily icrupuloDS tn obfer* 
ving the lawes of the iCburch, above Gids } like thofif Ghrlftian^ 
cfwhom^oor^fifitlKhtftonaafpeaksor) whkrb held fornication as 
a thiog 'mUSexaxXy A ^kbia fifjiis Lmufuam de viu dicertm^ but ftrive 
fiv wi Jioly day as for their life } we ao^ ^leapc into a licentious 
negki^of civillorfacred lawes^asifitM^e piety tobe dKobcdient. 
I>3tb.!thelawcQ0J[iiand4i:Crida H6 day is fo (el^aed for 

f^Bftiktiig; s lex 9 (cfai&iJatioaU 4>r f »pidfi boofei)e prohflxted, this very 
probibtciion endears ir; br Siidl^me'^l«M«s be eha^ed againlt 
drunkiiiiiici&) idleneiSf, exa^UoM^ isdawfull traniporracienS) ex^ 
cefle of diet, of appaceU^ or what ever noted abufe : commands do 
not fo much whet our defire^^ asfoifaiddances : v^t is this but to 
balHeandiaflEsnttbit facred power which is i^titrufted to govern- 
ment : and to ^^rofefle our (elves not 'Libertines^ but Ucfnti/Ue of dif- 
orden Farr, farr is it from the intentions of the God of order, un^ 
der the ftik of liberty to give icope to thefe unruly humors of men ; 
the iflue whereof can be no other then utter confufion. But if 
any power ( bcfides divine ) in Heaven or Earth (hall challenge ro 
it feif this pritfikdg^to put a primary , or immediate tie upon the con<^ 
fcience^ib as it (boiitdbea (m to difobey that ordinance, becaufe 
'tis widtioDt relation to the command of tlie hi^helK let it be - another 
mi;, our hcartshanretcafontobe free in fpigm or any fuch Anti- 
chrifttannfurpation, whiles th6 ^wner c* iheift hatn cliargedus, 
nottobeC^i^5)^*^/^w^^ ^nf^» i Con 7. '23. foChrift hath 
kftly freed m fromtfae bondage of humane ordinances. 

now ye hswe^feen our WberatioH frtm a v^le iieptatchy ef 

Da fpiritual 


pi Ay II. OhfalcBcd 

mgw fiti h LLiBanHC, Afli^jh ABfecefcten Ov^pm of 

flaaUicnaitD faevai 

g^ isGbd OS fa^'s Ok faoifics, ov fiiois 

tfaces Oh cdee Aiar tma fail ib, aadgbcitip riy ici^ 

Bodmuc flBa oBraiL To Mwic ip sH dm 

nnB the boBobgc of fis fav the ^vt at OraLs nm 

lii^€addeBael|^ffaeUooiiafClnft,fiiinclr wndb^Godkf 
nKfaiaCfarii^ Dm AetyiyofS— hrdbcmftorrof Cmfr « 
fiaaifaecKle of delawbr the faiKfi i l ii w of Qdtf i Wm dr 
iarrfcqqiiBMes by dg Joaipu nya of Orifts fion 
ciiiHaii'o by Ag ma— Jmb and BAaiAian of Qxift j wA 
^biid£dl m all ifacfe libcnies wh uc ii kL Otift hadh aadb 
fice ; Aad ib fion dbe Hborr, jod f tuugaiwj ^ wc ddccwf ^ 
dr nuimnmc oftte liKnf,Stmmfjf^ ^ 

hkMtfhoatmhidzmmn hoidta&aai oKa^roKatd Jfenvs 
didyeeiFcr heir •fa iwkihitd Aat oooc ktoot of Ac c» t wlpg w 
JD Aebufabccn long cfldofed wcnUi coBc flBcitnngSboK tfae 
wirestoeetinajjam. Didyceva^ittafltvt^cfatt aivr fab i«k 
ibmepoid, awihb<ykA«yob uii r J wcDMiiah>ck jultae fora 
p!ace in las GaUy^Cafeifls dij|siHr wfadher a pm^ 
<lciincd[)iiiayi]]xnlnadiofpnf^ and the bcftntolvrk 

afrmacnrdy; toCiwMi, 5ia»y A:fiaryr> Ltfits^ orinsc Tkck^ 
ica(bafs; For ifaat be k nor femcnccd to imain vdoDOKilvai 
bnds, Inc CO be kqx ibs ne^»* h icdie doqr <^ cbc <d(^^ 
hitofcfaekcqxriDboklfaiaitfanc: bcnoccfaaincs and fimossc 
ocdained 3 wfanc odnwile twifb of ioiive wcxc taftdenc : Ivr 
ncvo- any Cafinftdodxied^ whether a pnfeacrt^^ be gbd lobe 
foe; oraoavvdldcmedwaaUiac onsk to renrae ta^bc«aclr 


^ M 

■ --• 

^iA*»aiih. . 

■» ^fc 


\\ -• 

"•* r *!•-* 

& «' 

« ^ 

• . 

- < 

■^ — — 

30 CbriHum Liberty laid forth. 

AMiiewMhiercmmMerimfermi Sail fae go £dc a fiaeeBtn dot 
isaflwecolMsOinizaDsdisitisaccfac CDOMnand i£ha tyn^ and 
itti^ upoa the doom of hervaivdilc lq>s? Shsll faegoraraficc- 
man dtti is at the meicy of fais aipswhetlicr £v Bu^ 
Ir go for a Ifce-^nan elm is ioadbn «idi fccBcn of <j^^ 
ID das inetial, then the Indiaa dat eosit^SlMn lie g^ 
tfaariscircrfaftiied apon the lack oT cuvy^ or awiipon? Hue das 
€oadick)l^OalIyeNoblealldGe»craBS GDOrtieis ;aiidas ye gkay 
toa&dfteedom, andfconienodingib oiidiasdic icfttaiMiof 
fa^nefe, flbhorvechofe fins diit fasNc faeM yon iaa oiieaUcaDd 
coded fetvimdc 3 Simdf^imtke Utertf w ^ LMtmiih Chri^ h^ made 

Laft'y what fiMild we^ or why do we imfaiall oor cnoicieoQcs 
tothefiirfidlyolGeof die comqn ddinances of men ? Hm wiiii 
the legall ceienionies were to the J(rirfs^ Pi^^ tons 

yea raoce and worfe 3 Thofe cetiemonics were pce^^oratiQB of 
Chrifttooone; dieie tradidonsare defiguattofis, and defomiaii- 
omof Chdlt exfaixced 3 Th^e wereof Gods ptefcnbii^ thdie of 
that homo dfUnqaeKti^y 9S TrrtmUim conihues it. That maaof fin i 
ferwhataftilehtreis,asifhe were made all of impiety, and oor- 
vapotXL That which JUki^Ma (aid of himfclf, we mayjoftly hoc* 
iowheie3 The Popes litdefinseris heavier then ^i/^s las loincs 3 
Irdm didc fiiperftitionsand Amfdaiftian impofitions (^rift fanii 
ficcdiisby tbedearli^of thegiorionsGofpeUof his Son Chnft 
jdos 3 OhfimJfd^mmMthe liUrty wbmwuk Chri/l boib msde ym 
free. Give leave, Ibefeech you, Moftgradons SoTeraK[n, and ye 
honourable and beloved Chnftiaiis to my joft imponiinity3 if in 
diefecold^il^ppeiy^badc-fliding times, I pfd& this necdtuU exhor- 
tation with more then common vehemence* 

Hath the Gofpell of Chnft (nrd us from the IdoJatroos adotatiQa 
ef I>jm>6 Maaum, abreadenGod3aad(haIlanyofusfofiu:reji>* 
dicate, not oor religion oirelv, but our reafon 3 as to creep, crouch^ 4 
and to werflttp chat Avhich tile baker makes a cake, and the Pdeft 
flsafctsa God? Crwftmnfro Cbrifla^a% he iaiAi Atidii ^rml pttf 
thehariot, yet Oh why wil Jm^ fin? If the poor feduoed iibok of 
forra^ iubjeds, that have been iffirincUy noorflcd op m m>^ 
ranee and fupcfftition (whofewofiiticafewedo traly oommiMne 
with weeping and bleeding hearts ) be csoioiJaiod^Mnkft totkde 




^l■^tfcf^^ -T,' T^ - ^ 


•• •■ 

• ■%• 

*>~» ^# ^<JS> ^.jJ 

.^^ ^^ ». •« 

>- 'J 

^ mt ^ ^ 

-^ -▼•*-•■ 


' ^•' %•- 

rrgntag jr* 

.^>' ' 

» • 

■' M 



Chriftian Liberty laid forth. 



jtQva waiuwu *ui« .v«M..g,"^kindlfa?encic, wherein vc tme tUu 

longflept, and awake up your holy courages for Ged, and tofa^ 

aed tnirfi : And fince we have fo many cwnfortable and allured 

iR<»a2ements from our pious Soveraign , Oh let not us be wanting to 

cStd tohisMajcfty, to our felves in our utmolk endeavours ot ad- 

vandng the good fuccctfe of the blelfed Gofpeil of Chiift. Honour 

Godvwthywttfaithfoll, andzedousWecutionsofhw holy trtitb, 

and he (hall honour you : and befides die rcftauration of that anticnc 

riory to our latc-cloudcd Nation,ftiall repay our good Of&ces done » 

iisfimewithaireteriialweightofglocyii thcWjjhcft hcavensj to 

4)e poflcffion whereof^: that hath ordained us,ui his go«l ame 

merdfiiUy bring us, for the fake of the Son of his love 

jefusChriftthcjtift; Towhem with the Father 

and the Holy Ohoft one infinite^ God be gi> 

«en all (vaife honour and glory now and 







^... #■■■!■■ 11 I— — ,1^^— ^— ^— — — ^— ^—1— — — — 1^— ia^il— ^M,^^,^^,^^— — — »— >— — » 



I N A 


- Pfeacht to bis MAJESTY at 


On Wlntfnndiiy. 1^40. 

m*^0^mmi^m-''mmm^'^»mmmt , ■ i"*^^iH%»^^wM«i««»«MMM«MBHtoH«piMMn«i 

By JOS. ExoN. 

Cod is Li^ht, 

IFjve mark it^ your very Calcnderj (6 as the wifdom of the 
Church hath contrived it, is sl notable Catechifm. And 
furely, if the plain man would but ply his Almanack well, 
that alone would teach him Gofpell enough to (how him 
the hilbry of his Saviour s If one day teach another, all 
dayes would teach him ; There fhould he fee his Ueiled Saviours 
conception Anftuntiated by the Anal. March 2%. Fourty weeket 
after tlwit he (hould fee him bom of the Virgin accordingly, at the 
feaft of the Nativity i ekht dayes after that circumcifed, on 
New years day \ then vifited and adored by the Sages, in theEpi- 
phanie 5 then prefented into the Temple, oh the day of Purificati- 
on 3 then tempted and falling fourty dayes, in hem j He ibould 

E fee 

^4 Divimc Ligbtj aadKefUBimf. 

fe e him nOacrdia bjfais fout-^ntaay dhc hskft^ftx^ fisMopc^bs 

c^i^aks, and T^mm* dieVs^ ftocfasodbdicf : Au^ ac kft, 
taiflfiaicaiHibciie&iall ■"i'^^t-% lip flmki far fain ovdaie fas 
MsDif witfa lis diic^4tsqB At TlvfiCa^ and cnidfied cm 
Goed-Ff^S fefiMBU icrdbtt^oo £i#ar Iming, Godtfac Fs- 
dxroiiesiipfaisSao jdbs from tbc4Bid(AAi s-3<^ ) <>» Ai^ 
Qefldcnday Godilie Soomooms tDmHcmamdotf^ ABLi.9. 
On in^ipd^ God Ae holj GM open ife Apofflcs. 

.^a.!* ^^Andhishdicffli^dicfe immed np in dccclcln- 
doodftfaaklcfledljEiiiays ^Spnday foDowii^^ 

Iihattiiocof««4jbanrcoiodaQeifaeT^ co At dij? Vm md 
V^hmffon^at afMc^ilpt dcvaieibircc ^vcrlbfo^ 
iameSptdcQf God viM% a{ipearcdascfaisday BitfaeOopc offinic 
tm^pesto^ difi^plcsBiayliriiawDlcafalD^ man* 

£eft himielf coyoor fouls ial^^: And as trat &c was ii«7^k« 

ndifcrion of Ikhc bcaGOompaniodwirii^fiDe of holyzcal bcxb m 
my toi^oe^ and yoor havi&. Jn ay lai^ Semon n the Coon I 
gxcieyoQcfaeCixnaAerofaiaD) KhaUnonr indcavoiir to ^vc yw 
&me oNidics of ^ Gharaatr of God s 

Ifadc isnodxi^ in tfats woildfe moA lumrins a Ban as to 
fetde lis hcait in a ligbc apftthEsfion of fais God i wlacli mail 
be die ground of all te piety anddevodon; witfaoor wfaidi all 
his Dretcnfes of Relkionaic k> noclaiig word^ as &jk m dnv 
Gxi is made oor Idol]> and vre Ac inif-WQrihip(Hcis of lini> 
wkhooi wikchfl)etdy> oor whole life i^mil-Tpenc in cmor and i{- 
noiancey andeadsina miier^e difcotnfon : WTenct ic is dat 
dbis^dcardik^ makes it the fommof all dici^NiflblkaUQiifton^ 
i«faidifaeliad fn9p» fajs. Lotd ^nd Savioor^t^ intoirae the Wodd 
wkar tothiakof God ;. Ifajs then is the mcEs^ wild) wc b^re 
licaidof fami, and declare to yon, dsat GW h^^. Wonki ye 
kamv die mefiase whidi d.e ApolUes received (rooi Chdft > wodd* 
ye know the oaeffi^e which they delivered from the 
World) it is in diefe three fy!lablesofrayTcxt« €^ is^Iigjbt^ 

b is not poffible that (xir finite conceit ibould cxnprchend God 
cfientiaiiy) as he is in himi^; No rootkm <^ cur weak limttnity 

€afi.daisiEadihisiofinttcneks<)VVDfaitt^ cooctite 


T 4*. 

I y ' *'^^ 

2j5 Divime Ligbty and KefleBuns» 

W^berwego, cfaemocc L^ we (hall find; lo dae ccmer of the 
Eanfathoeis oodii^bac perfrddadoiefle''} nearer tfac upper re* 
giooof iSau great racty wfacxe any oveitnre is made }< tbeie is a 
&id of in^paf ed cwil^bt } . In dus lowe^ 
but mixed with &ggs and Vapcxs^ In cfaeh^ier.ic^^ d»c ^e 
ldlemifts» andmoce clearaefle, yet not wmioot ioraedottie6 of 
odtidacions ; In the flany Heavens, a pntr I^far, yet nor- miiboDt 
' ibme cd^ess In die cmpyteall, nodang faot pac and petftft 
JJ^i jafttytfaetefixeaie oar hearts life npwidi on eyesioa coo- 
tpmplatioaofaL^^ above thole Heavens more pore and excel- 

when we addiedeoar felvesto die throie of Gnace i and Ictus 
adore an infinite ^lint dwelling in an nnaccefifale ^L^x^ atten^ 
ded withnillions of Angidsot L^ht, and^otified fpns of ha 
Saints ina L^^ nnipeakable and ^orioosj das ihallbetfae bSk 
gUmpfeofourinl^hmed nnderfiandu^ vi^n we wookl comfiann 
wy appear before God ; In wfakh re^ffd I fear many of os 
Chmtians are moch defcdivemoDr botydevodoos, fpeakmg unto 
God, and^inUi^of him, ibllenlyaiidiadly^as {hot op in ibme 
temoieand unknown darknelle on die other fide of the World, 

3^1eaft widxNttthelivelY appcehenfion of dm wonderfiill radi- 
ccof glory wherewidiiie is invd^ed ; miiconcctvii^ herein of 
diat Deity wfaomweimplore s who bath revealed kioifelfQQCoQS. 
by the name of L^ht. 
And fisely, as none bat an Esgh can look npon the L^ of 

^ ^^ ' ^^ ^^^^^"^ ^^ ^ oonfinned eyesof an illuaainated Chri- 
man can behold God in das notion of his cdefiiall fplendor; wfaid^^ 
wemuftfolaboor to attain onto, and (ettle in oorminds^.as diat 
we (boold no more think of the bkfled Deity withour the con* * 
ccit of an infinire rcfplendence, then we can open on eyes at 
noon-day. withoatL an .incmxence and admtfBoa of an outwaid> 

nit das, .how ever rcqoifire tobe conoeived^ . and done, isjKit* 
die main diiftof our Apoftle ; who goes not about here (b moch 
tQ make any df (cription of Gpd, orprdoiption ot^the waves oif 
oorundeifundins, wrepreiemation of hb gioiious (xefeoce, as 
to lay the groowB of our holy difpofition, and pure and Heavenly - 
carnage lidarelwn: For fo is tk light h^affiiOKd of Ggd,4is^ 


rBTSCsm ic: 

'..': T s 

r 5^ 


•J-l' H I- -z rz i: 


38 Divine Lights and KeJleSiionf. 

cberefoce iris parpofely added for the fiicther £inpha{i$> Jnhimis 

m darhtcJle.i .Oh (he infiniie xlearodSe <^ the Divine knowledge 

.to wLich ak things ^e apcn,. bothpaHiy pieienr, and to come ; 

which doth nor orilyrcachui one inaiiiioo to all the adioiiSy maa- 

onS) events of all^^wcesthat have bceoi arc, (lull be i but wkicfa 

IS infinitely oiore then all tbefe, extends to the full comprehenfion 

jof hiaifel^ his whole XAvific oatofe and efilence ^ to wfakli dbe 

World ( tboagh. full of lonaoiaabk; varieties) kj/cffc dBehr aodiiig^: 

1[he Stui 13 a goodW ddbe of Light i The vi^le Wcrld hirh n»- 

.thing fo glorious, io learchin^ ; and yet there aoc maoy diings lye kid 

within thcboTome of th^ Earth and Sea which his eye neva hw^ 

joevcr (haU fee ; Neiiher can itever fee mote then half the Wodd 

ac once; dailuiofsdkc while ftiivHtaps doe others nor iodbed of any 

^[lucblener ( ii roond ) body s^ Andtbouj^itgiveli^c unto ocbn 

Creatures, yet it ^ivcs not light tq it felf ;. lilce as our eye fees all » 

thcr ot^e^ botit lelC it camoi; fee* Acd though it eiri^Km chia 

oiateriaU Heaven bMh^;d)0¥e and. below it k\£y as al&^us lower 

Ak and Earcfa^ yet ^be Empyreat tkuven ttanfcends the faeaoies cf 

it, andis filled with a moce glorbus iUumin^utQn : But, God^ dse 

t.ight of whom wefpeak, who is the Mbhcr of dhat San> fees the 

inoft hidden feqets of Eanh and Hdl^ iees all that is done in 

Earth and Heaven at one view ; fees his moft glorious fdf ; and 

bf h^ptefeoccmakes^Heaven. Moftjuftly therefore is God L^^ 

by an eminence. 

Now the reflodlion of the &ft quality of L^ht upon us, muft be 
ouc clear apprehendpn of Gpd^ the Worlds and our felves ; tod by 
How nmKhumoi»exaia:knoMde^vve (hall attain thdle^fay 

fo much more do we coufarm our felves to that God who is li^: 
andby how much lefs we know them, foiouchmoic dadmefs there 
is inus, and fo mudi lefs fellowship havewe with God:; If the 
have not an inward'Lkht in it felt, let theSun (hine: never fo b 
fipon it,, itis^ neverthdcfs Uiad^ What are we the b ctu ? f for 
whichisia God, if there be n^ittafir inward iL^Ht ia our Sods to an^^ 
fweti andreociive it ??How (bould-we lAfe:.and adore God if wc 
know^himiiorf How (hall wehaiieraad cgviiiat the Worlds if we 
koaw^ it not ?. How^iOball wr vaUi<} aod demean rour : fehros, if we 
knownoe our(feltfef?i4ac^Iy*thewaotol«his'J^^ is 

tWgrcttnd of; all OtAtjaikabk^tik^ wUcihl we fee da^ \xt9k 



Di'vine Ligh^ and Refte^as, 20 

furchiadiet^cdaoas^iatbecBmagcscfiBeiu I know AtanBttn 
W0rd i$) tint we anr Fallen into a knowing age s fudi as whc-tem 
our fpcoilative skill is wont tobc upbraided tons, in a dirgtacefuU 
compartfon of our unanlweiahle pra£tife ^ osr fonvatd ycw^ men 
oQc-nm dcir years,& briCT that there is mote we^ht in the down c^ 
tbettr cMns thai in the gtaybeards of tfaciraged GisuidfiressOitr artifi^ 
cers talK upon them ca hoki atgonihu wici^^ 
Teachers ; neither isit an]^ newes for the (hop-board co contcft with 
the ftsiiooleS) every not Kn^t, or Rmk only, bat Pawn too, can give 
ched^ to a Biihop.} the R^fli Church had latd;y her Shee-Pfeachr 
ers^ tfllPobe l&'^gagg'^ chem ^ and our GotEm now ar heme,. 
inlleadofdb&SjcantattfeofmyifenfSxandccnr^ die Pulpit tit» 
Head of ne^hbours : LkAit callyoa this ? No tbefe are fiery Haihes 
of conoetty that glance through vain minds to no puipc^^,^ bit idld 
ofleacatKon^andTatisfaiftion oif wild humours^ withoac fiabiiity, or 
any avmlafc^e efficacy to the CdxA : Alas we are wifo in impertineiH 
desrs igmrantin niain truths;; neither dbtfa the knowkdg of too 
many goany<beper then the verge of thci^ brattis, or tha tip of 
their tot^e : I fear true folid knowiedg is not much lefs rate, then 
vHieo our unlettered Grand-fathers were wont to court God Alm^hty ' 
with falfeLadn in their devoticms i For d^ the true Light fhine in- 
to the hearts of men in the knowiedg of God, the World, them- 
felves, how could they ^ how:durll: they live thus. Diirft the leud^ 
tongues of men rend the holy name of God in peices with oaths^ 
and blafphemics, if they knew him to be fo>dresdiall, fo ju^ . as he- 
l^th revealed him(elf ? Dnrft the craell opprelfors of the World* 
grind faces, and cut throats, and fhed blood like water, if they were 
perfwaded that God is^a fure levenger of their outrages ? EXirft the 
goacifh adttltster, the fwtniili<ltunkard wallow in their beaftly un^- 
cleanneHe , if they knew their is a God to judge them, an Hell tO' 
fry in } Durft the ccbdlious^ditionaiy lift up nis hand againft the 
Lords Anointed; and that under a colour of religion, if the fool had^ 
noefaidtnhish^ut, T^^/Yi^ i^a Godf Could the covetous fool fo^ 
admire and adooe his red and white Earth?- could the ambitious fo> 
dote upon a little vaniihing honour, as to facrifice his^foul to it, if 
he fcnewitbc World ?• comd'the proud man be fo befotted with felf- 
Ibve, ^s that he fees his God in his glafs, if he knew himfclf ? Surely 
tbirnrthe true Light is as rate as it is precious Sr and;it is. as precious 

40 Divime Light ^ amd KtfcBi^ms. 

asli^kiclf ; tczxlaicaamSki His h ifinrfir^ » 
Mdwimm Omi ^f j^ /^-« CbHf ; Wmr ^«K dke \V«U 

.Wccadkflw MakfadoD ID dxkac^ liBr f 
7^17. w Inraor of tfadr daaDoc > awl bv how mxii 

cdneis fcimriiitariagtttfatkAggwM ; DsiiK^ ot 

faeil, viiadbisdc&AcdfaxbJckir^ of dbdmc^ Kok let ^nec 
Ciatarcs <^cii^ in darinrf^; Miniaaxally ab hor r e s k ii all 
diflgs} Ifovcycsfac dim, wc call Cor ^^&%y if ok faodes^fat 

awlififaolcl^isliSDcbB, vrxiiliarlflcicis aoiAoOfie alroil 
daikiie6fliMecydai^ €iccptaDrUn3t% wiich isov bcK 
nose DiffiK [Hn? Honu^^ 

ibciedcarCodcsofoDcsktwlaboarcofin^ wiifa ilr L^jlsc 

of ancaDd iaive laniriedg^ VMsat is tfak GofKD iriiKfa flann 
diisda£yaiMidairfyiD.ycaK&as,faQrtlK#titf^^ the ctaf- 
^e of that faeamJf Li^ to the Worid^ &W 4nl tfcr U^ 
4mdiifTr^ (aididKPraliDiiL7(^ 9fbnlk Tn^^taAkoa 
oor; ifaatwocdoftimhdrnisdcm L^lit wfakh 

fl^Mtstooicn .* Oh kt it not ihioe npoa Qs in vam s let a 
tiaai(MeiipoDtfaebeaaBoC itin oar flocvc, as that too!iih ivk 
tfaatSa .^^idcvfpeakso^didtotbo^oftfaeSdn^witharjZi'i 
ikmvm DemauBacncmy idJc God gtwcs tfaefe happT op^ M 
ktoscnlaise oorfacanstDteceircitwidiall jjyand thankfblnrtfr t 
And if Miprs by can fc t rii ^ wid>God hot 40 Dt2y» and h^rjiis 
in the df^lKiay of dielaw^had a ^ocins Imhtntfle in hb ^ce ; 
OfalctusdiatiiiQCC thenfocny veais hart hsKl convcriatioii widi 
Gad in his Goipdl fliiiie with ^ itfplcndem faeamtsof hnvtn- 
]vknoiv^<%; And if the joycs ofhearoi are dckiimi by L^hr, 
fisely die more ligfatTome our (boles are faeic, the neiaxtr dry 
ccoie to their b!t£[cdnc0c. Li^k if fimm frwm iktrrgkn^^ &A 
tbePfalni^; LoheicisdieCbcd-tiiiic of L^ht^dbove^ is tfaehv- 
reft: If the Li zhc of & vii^ hicwdcdgbefoWTiin cw he«ts hrtTs 
we {hallbe fiue to reap the crop ct hcavtidr !;!oiy hereafter* 
AjidcbisistfaeficftqaaUcy of LigFx widi d:c lefitdioii of it i^KMa 
tK.'Uienert foUowcs wtich is pinity. 
dOf aU ^ viuble Creatures thu God hath inade> naoe is b 


ij.2 Divine Light j andRefU^ons, 

thacnoman coaldfcc his hand init> dbac the mlialiiiams of dxi 

b;Hxlersof it might bear many dmes in the woods, the noife at 

men crying, ofbarics ndgbii^ ot cocks aowii^ hot do man doJL 

venmretogo umoit^becaufebeoooidnotfindtfaeway out ^gam 

whkh he iaies with uxxh eamefinefle that he (aw; Nrfgt Cndi- 

dijjemyfiaadihcy m^/nfriisccmlisferfiexiJleMi iqxvdi^itto favc 

been a miraculous jod^nent i^xxi fome PerpsM perfecoiocs of dbe 

Chnfiians in that place : I lift not to inqpiirc into the hkdjfaoodGT 

theftoys itoiizlKbcfometciBpocaiyjui%mrnt (astfaatwasi|x^ 

^SJf^ for die time ) and now long finoe vamlbed; but imagine ye 

the truth c^thatw^iiqb he dates with fo deep proceflatiaD araiv s 

andconcdve the condicionof all wilfiiU finncts i who Ine ftim, op 

inaregionof thidc darknefs; wheoce diey can no more ect cnr^ 

then t&y can becqpable <^any comlort widan ; and wIkb tfaey 

have wearied themielves in ifaole wicnbed mazes of vanky, dhey 

are (hut up in the utter datkneiie of tlcdreadfaill pit of etnnall 

Death. Oh then that willing dhey ntvcr ^W^ and 

glorious, could but apprehend the miiciy and faonoorjof cfier own 

cilate in this behalf, certainly itwer^enoo^to make dien cider 

iDaz*d, or penitent* For what is dadmefle but a piiiraiM i of 

L^ht? KowCodisLi^; And fin deprives os of Gods BttHaia 

Wlluicsusout6om the&ce of Godsandif in fab ncnoe be 

theftilncfle ofjoy, t^eninbisafafenccistbefidiieflleof moow, and 

torment ; neidicr have die Schoc^ determined amiis, that dc 

painofl(^ismoKhorx]Uetbendiepainof(ienie;-foas that dadi- 

ncile whkh our fifl caniab in die alienation^ aiKi'jiifence of d^e 

I^hr of Godscounttnanccis without his great mercy, dx bcgn- 

nii^ of an utter exdufion from the beatmcall faae di God, and 

of that utter daxkneile ofhefl. Fortes, as we proteflb our ^cs 

the Children of the Lig^t fo let as walk m tbe L^x : And 

whatL^is that? TinUmisd Ligjk t$ m ftety-ffA h^ DiC^^f; 

Lodvs is the L^t wnerein we muft walk sdm (b vi^aQduf m 

tbeL^ht ofhrslaw^ we may happily en joy tkcl^itof htsoctuie- 

^ naoce^ andmavomieatdzelafttotlc li£hc cf his fkrv ; foi, saicr 

TTi^ of tU iecond quaUty of d% I^bt, and the reffc^Hon <^it ; 
Ibe £tiiA and laft fbllowes. It is this wradi Learned l^im il inks to 
be mgin!yddvcnat in-ttispkcr, That Codis tbcretcte L^ht, be- 

' • ^ cade 



- 1^ -• . / - 

r a ^ *3t 



'•^ , 



, M 


» «:•:*• :- 

r — * 

9 • 

^4 Divme U^^ sadK^bBimt, 


, ^ faeL^byaBOHnoe^fbrGHffrXMl^aKilelHfa 
^^EUmz Gtdii ^flsifaryivftiBiweGoilaifflMKBifeWakk 

Jnd gnrnr hwD Ac tjn^iAdmagk : ila (■ifaai ^orJelft s 
MccooBijbftcilaB, Acy an 4k ViEMfscBB if kM «fc» B Stf 

Okfesli;^^^ davOolK AMR cM)«iaDi; iSd lieftd be 

flfliElbtavteifadkfiniief TannKr, da- 

j'wammncvcwtaaa, tob gnat oaerve ear Jkarsis HOB ti 
yigljifc fi w liwij ilicliriKaf^pDnrlMiaar^nd good cm 
fi>«liftyaBbDeptiieoae«fdKaic»yonrl^«cs} £> yonaHft 

ifaeoifaertoyiaraiaiaBB. Ai4iifa ndcace IbMk 
diB,orcvbBiiaijaBS3PecilKWoiU«ftRli • - - "s*^ 
jimdmifaiBeiB : Ob (Jwrn. yuu JimI) m Ac 

gAc aihMijrffi— I wtfjkan ml Jeanm, Aoe iIk M^oT 
' ffifancc, AarAc?li | lii n offey^ 

^^ _ and nay beacaadns^Kattle offeeae^ 

maH iuAu m 1 1 »jim€jaamrw r Fvbrirfiamanf ofna to fcra 
<KaBSi»«rDog4lv, «p|ikb\Nlnilirrifes yMdipn^st Ue 



46 Dnnme Ligbiy ^md KefltSifmi. 


hr^enor z?»e i^-"^- A^ woisiDe, ii ibc L^tx rhs is i:: s be 

Circhhii, cr ^Ithiiklmayboiilyiiy} a::} ocbtr ifaoc dc< 

lizhr; loKan, wrsj^ c&tL3*:c Ihesiianiccneir bc^ IXa^iscs^ 

we !a^Tentj (oweie^rc to bare nsp^cbv fA crafurrs s Ics IcK 
pa, niy wonhv bcethrtn, do nor yco. wiHe^feeadhk^ irdc 
Cani^ caS prckxa^T for an exdr^cfiher : foe pcnoosl tkrlis d> 
fiocyjac3c»JciirianhQLTc£li:ig: Qh Ix joa wifHy dvssDs^ cai 
let iisfae eB»n^!ar£y hjLj. 

Lafty, for y jQ Qid&an besECts s dhcdL oocdhat dfsl^bcmxf 
JbepLt ofFco pd>Iick and ecuiicnt pefons only: Edcb cf^oc aci 
jlMnet03» at die kail /iB|&iH/ir»3 ^H^ 2. fftbeybeasCocssp- 
anl£! tfae mcairftof yoDiixdtbeasCoa2?esba V£!t 1^^ 
l]^^i-fad!c, yet wbi-right^ and water ri^x. If they^ Sutiia^ 
^ moft be Laments s ertiy one osifl both have Ji Ikbt of bis c«a» 
andsnpaittrtDodKT^ Icis noc a charge appr>ptuicd to rdbCkk 
Tead»stfaattbeApo(l!egnres tobis Beirfwes^ JELvMrt tme^ 

3. €^Mlxtf$ 9^fiM. EventiiepRvaffiftpaioaiiuy ibc^e fodh bsood 
oxziGrllr he that is moft obf ase, may, andoiiil dogoodx^^vnsa 
hespUce^ aadin^vovebb graces to othos good: Thek:, ^tbc:e> m| 
iie!ared, aie the !i^ ^whsdi we mdt bodhhB^ a.*>i§^*ei wt to 
faa^e^ Here to ba\e no teHowAip with- Godi o b*^ orJl nx » 
ic«ieietoin2n>{&, a&dcDoiio^zesr^38v:ii;God cmoca^ 
: Httbanv of vooKiowkdgc? LetViococixcuAka^^ }ju aal 
l^ht ocfaexs Candle at his^ Huhany man mxVfiyncbes jcx tin 
noc be Cmdm hot Prmn^^ n A£m4^^0iHf iu^rif^f r^i^A.aci 
Hadianj man Zeal? Zeal^ I lay, ool fisy^ ]ix.£aa}*i idt Ha 


48 . 


■ Freadie m Aie Cathedral « 

£ Jv Li Jti J; E K9 

llie felemn Day appointed for die 




BetmxtdieTwo KINGDOMS^ 
Vit. a^corii. 7. I<4t. 

B> JOS. ExoM. 

P S A >L. 44. S. 
Ctmc, teboU the Wtrkt «/ tht Lard, what Dcfolationt 
Hehath madt ittth Earth, Hemakftb turrttt ctaft 
I MittotbetmltoftbcE*rih,d?<- 

iT was doubtlds upon die happy Old of foaie wan, aoJ 

^ tbe Rnovatioii at an eAtblifhed peace, that this gratula- 

toty PTalme was pctinol^anl thecefoce fits well «rith oat 

> occafion. Mrtactchcnisaneanieflmvitattoo toa fe- 

mosandthankfuUconiillaaiUBof the great works of 

GodinhiscoDn:atyproceodiil{(5Wuhinen; Delolaaoiisofwarraiid 

teflauiations of Peace : wearecalled ficft to a geneiall brrajr of 

Codswvodo&Uwocb : aii4dKateafi>edaU VKW of the wccb 



of his juftice firft, ( what dcfolation he hath made Upon Earth ) 
then of his mercy 5 in compofing all the bufie broils of the World 5 
Be msketh wars to seafe iM$ the end of the Earth. Thefe maft 
be tliefubjcA both of our eyes^ and of my tongue^ and your ears at 
this time. 

We muft then behold the works of the Lord^but that we may be- 
hpld them we muft come j aiid that we may both come and behold 
them, we are invited to both : Come an4 behold. We are naturally fall 
of diitradions $ ready to mind any thing but what we (hould ; unleis 
we be called we (hall not come, and unlefle we come and behold, 
we ihall behold to no purpofe : that which our Saviour faith of Mgr^ • 
tha is the common cafe 01 us all, we are troubled about many things : 
One is carking about his houfehold affaires, another is bulying his' 

* thoughtswithhislaw-fuits, anotlier is racking his mind with am- 
bitious projefts 5 another is ftudying whidiway to be revenged of 

'^ bis enemy ; and lome other, perhaps, <racher then want work will 
be troubling themfelves with matters of State or other mens affaires 
that concern them not, •>»6^^«««vi bufie Bifhops in other mens dio- 
cels we had necdto be call'd off from rhefe vain unmeet 
avocations, ere we offer to behold the works o^ God ; elfe it will fall 
ent with us as it doth ordinarily with our bodily fi^ht, that whiles 
we have many ob;je£b in our eye we fee nothing diltindlyat alL A- 
way therefore vwth all the diffeaiftive, yea divulfive thoughts of the 
World ; and let us Come and behold the works of the Lord : as the Vul- 
gar hath it in the next verfe, vacate & videte. Come then from thy 
counting houfe thou from thy {hop-board, thou from thy ftudy, thou 
komthy barr, thuufrom the field, and behold the works of 'the Lord^ 
Indeed, how can we look befide them ? What is there that he 
hath not done ? What thing is it that he hath not created j or what 
event can befall any of his Creatures which he hath not contrived ? 
Or what a<9: can fall from any Creature of his wherein he is not inter- 
cfted ? So as unleffe we will wilfully (hut our eyes, we cannot but 
heboid the works of the Lord : But there is more in this charge then fo 5 
as thefe works are not meant of the ordinary occurrents, fo it is not 
a mere fight that is here called for } but a ierious and fixed contem* 
plation : It is not kf^ , but f^^^* j that is ^••^ •»-', as I remem- 
ber JSeza diftinguifhes upon an other occafion 3 a bending of our 
eyes upon this noly obje^ : Solomon the Son interprets his Father 

G Da- 


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hurt them, but as for their Maker, or for their own condidon or 
their fellow Creatures, they are not capable of any glimpfe of know- 
ledg thereof: And even of reafonable CreatuipSjwhat a World is there 
thatareasinfcnfflJeoftheworksofGod as if they ,^vetc utttrlv in- 
fenlatci Pagans, Infidels, Worldlings that are tarried by no ch 
ther guide then mere bruit Creatures aicj and afiba no other liaht 
then that of fenfe j Alas, what is it to them what God doth "or 
what he doth not? How much then doth it concern us whom God 
hath illuminated with any meafure of knowlcdg, and furniflit with 
any meafure of grace to be inquifitive into the works of God and 
to give glory to him in all his aiftions. ^ 

5. Ihisftjall notbefp much advantage to God (alas what can 
we add to the infinite ? ) as benefit to our felves ; it is here as with 
diofe that dig in fome precious mber the deeper they go, the richer 
tiieyare: hence it is that the moft cohtemplative have been noted 
for moft eminent in grace, and furcly it is their fault if tfcey be not 
fo 5 for they ftiould be the bcft aajuaimed with God, and with their 
own duty: fliortlythen, feeing the works of God arc fo excellent 
and well-worth beholding 5 fince our eyes were given us for this ufe' 
fuKe God delkhts to have his works viewed 5 fince there are fo few 
that ate capable of giving this glory to Godjfince in lAoWm the woris 
«/6<wf we do moft advantage our felves both in knowledaand holi 
ncfsilctusas we are here invited, Cme Md heboid the wcrks^fth Lord 

His works 5 in aH the variety of them 5 not fome one work, but" 
all ; as the works of his.creauon, fo of his adminiftrauon too • the' 
divers, yeacemtraryproceedingsofGod therein 5 in thechanacsof 
his favours and judgments j I confcfs there is and may Be fomS onci 
work ot God io marvelous that it is able and worthy to take ud iU 
our thoughts ; but we may notfuffer our hearts to" dwell in aa^one- 
work ot hisjbut inlarge theni to more j we may not reft m the con 
templaxion of his mercy only,but we muft look to Ks judgmenrs-clfp 
we (hall growfecure we may not reft in the view of his iudatt,en« 
only without meet glaaces at his mercy, els we fhall grow°to an 

heartlelfe dxftruft and defoair ; As we (ay in our philofopEy :a,ww/&I 
mtrtm, only compounds nouri(h 5 thofc things which are tJereW 
fimplecangwe no nutriment at alljfoitis in fpirituall mattm 
there muft be a compofition in thofe objcfts of contemplation,w W* 
by. we would feed and: benefit our. foufcs j: our rcfolntion for our' 

' thoughes,. 


thoughts, muftlxjthe fame that the Pfalmifts were for his fong Of 
mern And judgment wiU I pf^. 

hfow^thatwe may dcfcend to the particularities 5 the Pfalmift' 
begins at judgment* H^at defolmonsy &c. This is the right method 5, 
as in the veryoeingof both, judgment leads the way to mercy j fo 
in the meditation and view of both : As it was in the Creation 5 The 
Evening Md the Morning were the firfi dsj j The darkneffe of the night 
led in the brightnefs of the morning j and as the Prophets word: 
was pofl tenebras lucent j when we are numbled, and aftonifhed with 
the confideration of Gods vengeance upon finners, then, and not 
rill then are we meet for the apprehenfions of his wonderfull mcr^ 
cies : In this regard it is tm\vvtn^t6thsu the fear of the Lord is the be^ 
ginning ofm[dom^ and his judgments arc they that make him feared j. 
It IS tfe thunder and rain that prepares the hearts oilfrael for S^mu* 
eb good counfel, i Sam. 1 2. It is with the hearts of men as wii;h the 
Earth and the feafons of the fruits thereof 5 If there be too much eafe 
in the winter, and the Sun fend forth gleames of heat towards the 
entrance of the fpring it brings forth the bloflbms *haftily, which af- 
ter by later frofts are nipped m the head and mifcarryj but if there 
be kindly frdlls and colds at the firtt that hold in' the juice of the 
plants, they are in due time drawn forth by feafonable heates, and ■ 
pFofper 5 Firfttheiefbreletusbe wrous;ht upon by the meditation - 
of judgments; andthenwefhallbefit-Forthc benefitiall applicati- 
cations of mercy. 

WearethenherefirftinvitedtoaTragicairfighr, we are carried- 
into the Camera dimorte ^to fee the gaftly vifage of deaths, and de- 
folatipns all the World osrer, then which nothing can be more horri-^ 
bic and' dreadfull, yDU ate called out to fee piles of dead carcaflts,. 
to fee whole basket fulls of heads as was prefented to Jehw^ a; 
wofull fpedlacle, but a ncceflary one y See therefore »hat defalations 
the Lord hA^h wrought in all the Earth: Defolations by warrsj how 
many fields have been drencht with blood, and onc would wonder ihot^fa 
Gomp«fted with carcaffcs ; how many Millions of ™^"y ^ouid Have M a being 
men have been cutoff in all ages by the ed^re of "f^"^^^7^- 
rfie fwprd ^Defolationsby famine wherein men Se^ci^l^c^^^ 
have been forced to make their k>dies one anothcrs fnwt * monariy imhis inand, 
Sepulchers, and mothers to devoure their children ^}^ ™"' T,^'^ ''I."°T a 
• fpan lon^ : Dcioioaoas by plague ana pelut; themkivci im» tbc< $«•. 

*- ■--.. . A^jjjJ,uj«i^i>« -""w — 

54 ■ 

knee, yvhkh harb fwcpc away as out ftory tells us Sooooo. in 
4ZLy : Dcfolationsby inundacii^^ns of Waters, which havccovcrcrd 
the faeces of naany Uegiom, and riafed the £^<h of her unclean inha- 
.b^tants : Dcfolauons by Earch-c^iakes which have fwallowcd -up 
whole QcyeSy and thpic great and populous. Defolations wrought 
by the hand of his Mgels s as in Egypt, in the cents of the ^£yri' 
/mSy 185000. in 9He night in the cuipp qi ifrselinVwiJs peftilcnoe; 
D^folations wrought bv the hands oftiien in Batt ails and nKtl&axrs ; 
Deiolations 1^ Wild^bea^te, as in the ^lonyes of ^jbioc planted in 
Samdria : Deiolations by the fwanns of obnoxious and lioylone crea- 
tures, as in fg^lp^, andfiBce in jifriek^ He fpake the mr^y Md Mte 
Xirajhoppers CAnte oiulCMerfilkrs jnnMmerM^ Pf. 10$. 34. Infofsiich 
as in the confuKhip of M* fulvm FUccufy after the bloody wams of 
^/r/Vi^, followed infiniie numbers of Locufts, which after devouring 
of all herbs and fruit were by a (uddatn wind hoyied into the Afiriem 
fca } "infedton followed upon their putrcfeftion,and thereupon age- 
fierall m3rtaHty,in r umber fburicore chouland dyed,upon thc^ea eei^ 
fee twiKt Csrthage and tltica above 200000, Deiolations every way 5 
and by what variety of aicans foever, yet all wrought by the divine 
hand: ffiM defolations he hath wrought ; whoever be the inihument, 
he is the Author. This is that wmch God chaljengeth to hioDiielf^ 
neither will he lofe the glory of thefc fprcat executions. VVe id«i 
hayeatulein thecourfe of puUick adminiAations, and we think a 
politick one, that all matters of favour Princes fhould derive from 
themfelves, but all a6h of harflineile andieverity they (hould put otf 
from their perfons to fubordinate agents j God will not fiand upon 
ilich points, he rather profeflcs to lay claim to all the memorable a^ 
of vengeance upon (inrull Nations and People : iTraels revolt under 
7(fr(^£oiimisownedbyhim in hismeflage to Xehoioams Captains: 
jifhur if the rod of his wrath i He flew great Kingty anio verthrem migh* 
ty Kings % He hJJjeth forthe Fly cfEgypty a^for the Bee ^fA^yria^ I fay 
7^ 1 3. Thou ha^ fcattered tlnne enemies abroad with ^y migky armt^ 
Tf.S^. II. Good realbn that God (hould claim the propriety of 
thefe Afts ; For they are the noble effeds and proofs of his vindica*- 
tive juftice ; Juftice renders to all their Qwn : Publick Defolations 
are due to puUick Avickedne£(es. And if this (hould not be done, how 
would it ap:>ear that God tooknotioe of the notorious &is of a peo^ 
;ple9(»:wa:efenrible of their provocations J As in outward Govern'? 


^ . 55 

meat tf thete werena A£ze$ oc Seffions to jadg and puniih nuJefa* 
i&ars hovircouldwe thiiik ocher boc chac all were turtied lawlel&, 
ami diat norefpedisdveacolaftror juftioe j^the Wifeman could ob* 
fervethatbecaufe pa^ocnt is not fpeedily executed upon wicked 
ixicn> the hearts of men are iec in mem to do eWl. But furely, if 
k wexe not exrcuted at aU> men woidd tume Divells : But now that 
God calls finfoU Nations caaccxxint for their in^ty by exem^^ary 
iLidgmants men ate ready to fay with the ^dkBm&^DoukleJfe there is d^ 
GaathAtjmdgfth^Eaiftb^Ff. 58. iS. God will be glorified even for 
hell it felf Tcpbtth is mrdmnU ofdi. Ifa^ 3 o. 3 3 . 

z. Even tbefe defolacory judanents ate a notable improvement of 
his mercy : There cannot eaiily oe a greaisr proof of \ns refpo5h tO' 
his own^ then in fweeping away their enemies, nineh fmt^e Egj^ 
if^idhtheiir firft iamyfor bis mersf indun^ frr ever j vphich overthrew 
Tharmk andhisHofi in tbefea^ for his mtrcy iniuretb far ever : tphich 
fmotegreju Kitigty andfiem nugkty Kingt for bit mercj indmrelhfar ever*^ 
SihoM King of tie AmorkeSy md Og the King ofBafi^^fhr his mercy in-- 
dftreth for ever. Pf. 1^9. 

Heither is there a greater demotifiration of lis mercy in his i&olccs 
tbeiT in his warnings ; for furely God intends by thefe examples of 
his /uft vengeance, to deterr all others from following the-fooifteps^ 
ofthoCewidcedmen'^ whom:.he thus ]»la^es : as good Princes and' 
Magiftrates do.fa order their execudons WMfim^^AdoMCos^ terror ad' 
muUos : fonae may fmart, aH may fstir. It is^ excellent and" preg- 
nttntuWchthe i^K>ftle hath,^ rCor. 10.11. NbwMtbffe things hap^ 
pfftedunto them for enfamples ; a^dthey s^^e^ ipritten for our Admomtiony 
ufonpphomthe endrofd^mrld Areeame.. Seel befeechyou, God hath 
further drifts in his exocuiions 06 judgmients then wecan imagine 5; 
he intends them- not' only for afts^ wit patterns j he means not fo- 
much to punifh) a» to teach, every judgment 'tis a new* Icflonjand to 
teach not the next fucceffionsi^ but all generations of men to the cm^ 
of the World ;»and if wc do not make this ufe of his terrible proceed- 
. ings, we (kdl be mach'wanting both to him and ow felves : and no^ 
marvell if we be whipt fordull non-proficients m Gods School if we 
be not taught fear and obedience bv his fo many judgments.. 

Wc need not cai^ our eyes macH back to the view of former aj;<<s^ 
( though tl^re wc may meet with worlds of ex-amples ) let us but: 
£Mk:ai; dbcpre^ efiMMC oFous miib»bie nei^^urhood ; of tt e* 


I » » n i .w w»a»i»'^^wi I ' ^^'^^tmmtmsiifi 

, wofull mines oiGfrmMy 5 once wd in our tunc, one of the nwift till, 
andilo»riihingcoiin«fcysofthB€iirittianwotJd, famous fotgcx^fiy 
Cities, for 4 plcntifiill ioyl, for frequence #f trafiqae, for the teat' ot 
theErapire,. n«w wafted widi the miicrics of a long and cnjellwdrc,' 
wallowiiig in hlood, buried in lubbidgc and duft : Oh Ice the defo^ 
lations that. God hath.wrought ia this part of the canh, and pick out 
ofthem(aswewellnjay) pitty, fear, thankfidnefs. Pittyand'juft 
comraifetation ofthe grievous ftilierings of thatdefolate Nation • ksi 
of tbiat jutt hand of God which hath thus humbled them, and might 
no Icfs defcrvcdly have fal'n as heavily upon us:thankfiilnefs for t& 
gracious immunities which lie hathgivehtis hitherto, from their e- 
vills 5 ^d mercifiiU refpites of repentance for thofe fins which Jiav^ 
called down thefe judgments tipon rficm, ■ 

And this is the former particular objea which the Pfalmift calls 
^Tfrf'^" worthy oFour view 5 but yet not the main and in^ 
tended fubjca of this dayes difcourfe i rather the other that now 
rollowes, thcxeflation ofarmes, and the blefling of peace. Iff makes 
fvm to ceafe in all the mrUy &c. however the fjght and due medita- 
tion of the miferies of war and the vaftarions that follow upon it may 
'be a good preparative to us for fetting a tiue value upon the benefe 
or peace. ; 

^'orus, AIas,wehadratlierathreatningthenafcnreofwar,o«r 
neighbours entred into our borders not with a puhlick denunciation 
of an ofFenfive war, but witha profeffion of defence. And if fomc 
^lood were mutually ihed, in the paflage it was not out of a profef- 
ledly hofhle intention on eitherpart (which had it been, micrht eair- 
ly have proceeded to a far greater (laughter ) but out of the%dMA 
appre^nfians of the intervening croffcs of each others purpofe: 
.And ifthe long abode in thofe our quarters have been not a little 
chameabletous, yetithath'beeh without any violent and bloody 
•ProlccutioH on either part 5 and now thanks be to God, they are od- 
fed away in peace: Rit even this little glimpfc of a dry- wl 
IS enough to (how us thewo&llmiferyofa war denounced, profe- 
xuted, CKecuted to the height of ciuel ty ; where there are nothiL but 
intentions of kdling, fpoiW, defolation: Thcanguifti ofthisvSy 
^ouch IS fufficient to make us fenfible ofthe tormcnfof the full fho^ 
u?fadefhijaivewar; Out ofthe fcafe whereof let us look at thtt 
^at woik of contrary mercy which is hercfct forth iimo us : ^. 
maketb wars to cf4eumotk ends ofthe earth, ^ Wherein 


■ 111 


Wherein wehftvcf an mriwation no leffc of the wonder thtirthc 
benefit of peace : It is a work of p^vcr mixed vvith mercy that he fa 
ref ttaines the fpkits of men that they are compofed to peace. Dtfo* 
laxion is not a wodk of fo much power as peacemaking is ; natural!/ 
every man hath the feeds of war aUd qu rrell fown in his hearr> and 
they are apt to cotee up oa every occafion. Through frtJe men makd 
fomemhfh(^th \S/ikSolomen: From whenct are wi^rs among you ^ come 
theji not from h^ncfy even of yottr Lupy th/it war in your Memitrs^ faith 
St. James /^ i. Loy the outward Wars come from the inward; The 
uncpiet thoughts of the heart atifing from aidoiticn, ft\Mn malice, 
and envy, and dcfire of revenge, are thofe which are guilty of thefe 
general! afl&ayes and bIood(h( ds of the Wotid j and what heart is 
tree from thefe ? Everyman naturally hath a tyrant in his bofome: 
Weareallby naturethorncsor jiettles,and cannot be touched with- 
txit fomc ftingtng or pricking : when tl^re were but two Brothers in 
the Worlds oneoftnem ruesupagainft the other, ajid dafties his 
brains out : Surely as we do all partake oiAdam our Grandfather,fo 
we have too ti9uch of our great Unde^hisEldeft Son Cain^ naturally 
atfcd ed to violence gc flaughtet: Herictf in the next age after the dc- 
lu^Nimrodn^i^ a mighty huMter^GenAo. purfoing mertjdoubtleffe, no 
Jefle in his tyranny, rhen beafts in his game ; And ever fince, Lord j 
how hath the World been over-run with battails and murder ! Here 
one Prince findcs his Territories too ftraight,and hath ateindc to en- 
large himfelf with the Elbow-room of the neighbouring Region ; 
There,anothcr fcornes to be inaoached upon by an injurious ufurpati- 
on^and rcpells a lefle violence with a greater:Here one pretends to the 
titl<i of a Crown, wherein he hath no more interelt then he can hew 
out with the fwordjThere another under colour of ayd^thrufts himfelf 
into thatthroiae ^ich he pret'^nded to luccour : here one picks 
marrells with the defcA of juftice clone to his fubjedls, and makes 
mdden embargoes, and unwarned inroads into the ad joyning Coun - 
xry : There another takes advantage of the violation of leagues, and 
coulours his ambition with the fair name of a juft Vindication ; Here 
one, ifhe can have no other ground will make religion a ftalking 
iiorfe to his covetous and ambitious intru(ion J itbieUum Domini^ i 
(kcred war that he manages ; for the reducing of Hercticks to the 
unity of the Qmrch 5 or puniftiing their perfidioufnefle : There, a- 
aoctitr will plant the Golpell with the fwoixi-point amon^ Infidels, 

H aad;i 



^erccafu^tofolidthm^yMicprpiaycis^thgfe plofad 

lotDerdcr dhe hearts of foni) dtttihcy ni^ht 
; atkaft to a meek irifaaw oTcboie 

Ul««U all 


! V Jl 1^ 

wfaevevvitfatfae CfamiiscliBiiuliecilib^ 

Bdciccinlljr, m-wmOuUwcfofyzinmcds^ 
rnibveoi^artdBbfietfaetiiidiotOKilefiits; andtowfattpmiife 
flottifiiepicfeodadkfireofifaatwlicfa fpe iodearcDriior » cfleftr 
^IfaatGodwhomakesivats asA^iBantlsf^oeaic^iiieth oensiDac- 
cooifdHhdiatpcaawlKfafaedeaccs} And nrfttt arr dwie mraos 
hic the iiidiiianao% prafcSsyUbofsof^tfae wdl-ifv2kis»peaGe> 
hniiftbcoarcatcthcicfigetDigMn iiaic ^ygatofea)^ a du 
^eat woik of peacc-makiiig ; Ihe phrafc isa firaoge hot jb on^ 
f4]ft]bdlobetl«lM«r<dkirasBb^^^ Cmfi yt JiiMm^ fimd tie 
,dMgjtl9fAtL9idyCmpjt Uagrly ikt itMitmi mentfi termfi ftbej 

2J.L0, whttawaed hcreis,T# irj^ lir XW ; wrfaar fae^aeeck 
the A]iiii^hLy> crwfaathdpcanoa'vwiaEne&aroriiolBoiiBiipo-* 
fence? YcE^ wbenwepotOQrhaiids'tahis'andxIo that, as infto- 
tncDtsiwphkfahe^asApaadiuui tegpires ot u^ and wotks by us; 
iivhe^ that Lottl wdsdi gives BaU the lAockittt bodi of cor wib 
andafi^oos: & oooft we do m tfaepnaiocn^ of peace) and^dr al- 
layir^ofcpanclk: vrfiaranhoofekonfire onecaft 

m hgpafl'fidl ID iteqoctKhiftgofdyBamtSL ItisfioteiiaoQ^tkat 
we look on faaimlcfl J with oorTiands in ov botoBKt; No^ Weadd 
10 ihar bmnmg, iii^adi We indearcv not to <^ 

Wenuftcontrftntc our Qcinoft o the oellktioii of diefe i^iaianir 
and inirlk^hiall wais r Whidi fhall be done 
- 1. By widadtawing the fbell of contention ; QBttgatiag wkar 
wemaydK gromids of difeifibn; diofe gronndi' are the fltttiris 
controverted; tfaeie^cnrChriftiancharfty, and love of peioc .w31 
Kacfa us cither to dedine^or to abate & lefeiby all fair Jutci p itta tH 
aiis.> aoaxdnig «Ktfaatof theble&d ApoftJe^ Chmiij AUh 

gflihiw^iy X Cw-. If. f : 7. SowhraJ^^^ServanttfoQi^ 

(o (krive vith tbem for their tw5 %4\h of £pi*, and S^u^k^ they ilid 

|iot£bnd rpcn points widi ihcm ^ bttt itm^ved and digged ano- 

M J 


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ibmtnMeymy ijtd^cfat dadiafa^c ApoOk : Nddxr imiw Iwis-^ 
riKfdKbeasDcatcraftofJD&kcorotMacyrofjDA^ faceted 
ofchc ^ M"*y"^^ »of of macT id cfae QxBch wod CoBomoD-^MnUi. 
Wo isme, widiwhat wofikfliooldlbewaii tfac di|iLribtc€ftnr<£ 
dieielaieciiiiei in dis fadialf; Let me ippcalco jjcr oant e|9 
jdleaissllaiowlibedc id pdkioos Obr^iiais : Idl mc wfatdto ' 
.ever ¥on biol ID liKndiJDiflnBdsiDootlixl^ 

re httu UBUCf cooopi 

lieiic, jAoiwed, knllfoancs et dvine wocAip. Cxn 
lofc ilir peacr of i& Qflnii and kinj^koip, 1^ 
.jsd ID oar power oppafe ifadc idolcoocs: If Rcfomnat be dbc 
dn^dtfiredy aodaimcdac; ktnoctbat man prosper wAidk dodi 
jiocaflbftn^ pnytork^ brad his uuudA cuikafciin tc^s 
ii^ boc is ibis dhr wty to a^CfariAian icnDiinatiQD^ to mk 
«> brasdi l^ing aaniatkxis azaiiift the mnocc^ 
fidl & cftjUiOKd anriiorityR^ feriiid;^ 
% the man-flajfrr 6om ifat bmbin bates toiMfe bis 

%iaeiioaKbjtheaydofthcflArvJllJc^ botbc, 

^wi&n ^ifl/ie dianabk and eiida 
ly lawfidl mcansAod dien let him come widm the ccnpcA 
Okie of^Mkrvz/ifaatis oQtftadyioalttaiidJfcaQO^ ^ 

4« By ih c iii b M igdiemodefatelyaftdeds andiocDiKnig AJt 
Aat i mc iiad c fer peacr s asdio(eiiidio do dbe Dobkft cSmfaodb 
'to the Cfaorch and Comnioii-wealdh ; if we meet with a man dttt. 
can tinly (ay with the woman of .^1^4 9/^ » ^afa^nfc^ 
TrmrM mtiies it) 2.5ML20L2aIaraoneofd)emchataiepflice?f 
aUeand &idAiII in Ifiad ; make imch of fcch s 7a lir Cmt^d- 
§m\iffjesce fb^l U j^y^fn. la. ao. ^nrf/ir lir feme 4 Jmfh 
faa (iaiththelHldraift) ffcf^/M/r^^ 

itftuDldbe; bntalaswevefidlen npoo times wheieta k is caafe-. 
«i0^foraqDacrdlto(4eadfor P^ce; too wdi fulfi]ai| tlw o£^ 
iheralmift ; Tkej fjiutm feme jLt they Jnife JecMU mmeft ^^ 
gfb^iAmiiff^m^n/mAeLsfi^rf.»AmaD m d^cafe is 



.; f ^ . dreadfull andliorriblc. As therefore wc do in par ardinaij pnycif 

»^ put allxhefe together (which 4re the effefts, and <oncoinuanc5 

x>( war ) Prom plague , pcftilence and famine, from battaU and 
.murder, and (wm luddain death, good Lord <)eUver 4is j fo gopd 
ieafon have we to put (hem into the (CQOr of our heany thankfgivinsii^ 
that God hath graciously delivered us irqm the fiiry of all thefe^ 
in that he cauiecf wars to ceafe to the ends of our Earth. 

As for the benefits of peace, if we were not cloyed with them by 
their long coatinuahce,we could not but be heanily fenfiblc of them i 
.and know that all the comforts we en^oy cither for Earthy or for 
Ueaven, we owe to this nnfpeakable blefling of Peace ; whereto 
if we add the late acctffion of farther ftrength by rhe union of our 
Warlick neighbours, and the force of a ftrong and inviolable Icaigae 
for the perpetuation of our peace and unity, there will need no 
ilirthcr incitements to a celebration of this day, and to our hearty 
thankfulnefs unto the GckI of , peace ; who whiles Ije hsth made 
vfofuU defohtiom in all the Ear^ he^des^ yet hath caufed wars co 
ceafe unto our ultima the ends of our Earth, and hath irokfntbe ham 
and cut thefpemr in [under : Oh ^nprajfe the Lordy O Jerufalm^ P^^lf< 
thy God ofSioni for he hath Hrer^thened the bars of thy gatei^ and hlejjed 
T[ H7'ibj children mthin thee i He niaketh peace mthin thi iorders^and fiUetk 
12. i 3. thee mth thefinefi of the jpheat j To that sood God of all glory peace 
and comfort j Father, Son, Holy Ghoft, one infinite God in three 
moft glorious perions^bc given all praife honour and glory, as is duQ 
from Heaven and Earth, from Angels and Men, from this time 
forth and for evermore, ^men. 



m— *M 

f ••••-« « * ■» a « 



M I S € H I E F E 



^ And the R E M E D I E of it. 

t. • . . 

Idicl forth is a 



Before bit MAJESTY 



On the Second Sunday inL^^^ 1641. 

<H 'ni l 11 1 II ■ < ■ 



P S A L M. 60. 2* 

JhoH hajl: made the Earth to tremble ^ than haji broJ^en ity 
heal the breaches thereofy for itjhal{eth 

Y text is a cotni^aint, andaftrits acomplaint ofane^ 
viHj ^dafuitfora.remed^: An cvill deplored, and 
an impfonedrcdrefle.Tlie cyiU compkined of isdouble i 
the concuffion orunfettlemcnt of the ftate of /jfriif /^aad 
rhe divifion of it ; , For it hath been the manner Of the 
prophets,^ when they would fpeak high, to exprefle, fpirituatt things 
hy tne height of natundl allufibns, fetcht from thofc great bodies of 
Heavci3> Sca^Earth j themoft eo^piavyixs and riofced pieces of Gods 

I Al- 

66 The Mifchkf »f FaBfa^ 

Ahm^btf wottmin fty. b nae to no pnrpoic to exempli. 

I I i 1 I « • 

will in all cfae Sapicndall orProphnkaH books^ yomtjcs 
lookbdkletfacm: And thus it is hoc; Ifcppofenoaaacn fac fcj 
weak, astocfauri^ DsiUl mimds facie a pbilolopfaicall hiOory of 
Eantqukes; akfaoo^tlicfe dircad6i!l cvtius, m dnrdbr 00^, 
and places are wonfay of nokflctfama p iofjhei s , difacr mkr^Gr 
adascttioo. BoclncicisnorinhiswayjItisaaAmlogiciD^ mo* 
rail, ot^cl^iacaJlBjaA<p^£bnDsi:U axvifoar 

ufiian, and andrnc PialccrTianflaini takes it well; widcs fcr 
(r^)cfacEartb»iticadstfarLand, by a jaft Synccdcxbe ; adic^ 
makmgdKEanh id crcmUc, reads, movii^ cfac Lands aad fee 
bit^cen, reads divided, and forbtea ih c s ^foccs ; foasbyooofatss 
of bodi tianflatioos. The Eji^ is dK Land ; d^ticiDlifiQgsarecbc 
violent motuisof it, wfaetfaerbywayofa^on, orp&flbxi^ d^di- 
vifions dneof are bi ca cfaeSi and dine b i ea d ic s Ibies, wbkfa ds 
hand of God bodi makes and heals. Sfaoidy dies, here is Bitt an 

Eartb-qDakr, £]chasitiss aly. The c&ds of that bab-qoake, 
irrjcbes or/mf, jly. The audncr of bodi, Tim USt msde Ae 
Earth u twemllt^ t^M kstt Irtiem it. 4!y. The refliedy of both, 
with the aCithoQr of it ^ Hm/ Am At Sma or irejAes^ and 
Laitiy, tfaeflx>tf«€ofthcitiDedy, /irir/b^rfK 

The Text falls into dieic parts fo natDraCy, diat there is ncoe of 
yoQ who hear me das day, but were able co divide h for me ; 
%«^BcfaI{haUde{ketofoUowwidiaUpeHpicQ^ and pio- 

fitable enfoffement. 

Andfiifts hear and confider diat the modons of die diflempers 
or publick calamities of States are Eartbqtukcs v cither or bod". 
For ttis Earthquake is either om of a ieare or ioife of jod^m^ cr 
cut oftheftrife of contrary sdkdations stfaeonewemayolla fW^^ 
five,the odier an a^e Earth^oaake ; Earth-cpalKS we know, are 
fltangeaBdoanaturallthij^; There is no part of all Gods great 
Oeaiioo iave the Eardi, tMtis ordained for reft, and fiabtiiiy^ 
The wateis are in perpetuall aguatioQ of flax and reflufts s even 
nrfien no wind ftirs they have ttar nesp, andfpnog tides. 

The mi amaot Utjmd ftill,. whiles the Heavens vi^le jdicot*. 
The Hcavcasorany part of them never fiood dill, but once, fince 
they weg made s.but the Earth was made for fiicdncfle^ andfiaUt^ 

jLmi itI^t 


X^iT - -TT. It. 

i— J^m.J^^mm 

r^ zT^—. - 

^ -• — -T 


1 Ti ^ ' 


lA. I g r 



»»u. -.*.»»• 

« . .«• 



'• fc 

'• « ^ -^^ ^Xm^ \ •> w » 

• ^ 



6S 7beMifcbief§fFdBieH^ 

count chem, andmakeufe of them accotdingly : what aie we, I 
mean all die vifUc pan of m, but a peece oi Earth? befidcs tbctefoie 
that magnetkallveitue which is q>era(tve upon all the patts of it^ 
why^fhoukl, or cm a piece fiand iiill^ iHdien d^ 

i)enominati(msaie wont to be not from the g^atexbnt diefaettei 
fMUt jand the beft part ofthisEardien World is man s and tbenfofe 
when men are moved) we fay die Earth is fo,and vi^:£ii the Earth in a 
^nendity ^ thus moved^goodrrafonweihcu^dbefoaUb :wemaft 
-tremble theref oie^wfaen (xxl makes the Eardi to do (b. .Wfaac ihall 
we faythen to d)ore(4)duredhearcs,whkii ate nowfaitaCkded with* 
publick evih. Surely he were a bold man that ccu!d ikep vdiles tfcc 
Eardi rocks him^aiKl fo were he that couldhgf^ 
curity when he feels any vehement conoiflatioiis of gavemarae, oc 
publick hand of Gods afflidive ju^nent Jut it falls out loou&aUy:^ 
that as the Philofopher faid in Otttter of aflEues, (b it isin mattec c£ 
calamitieS)Comma»f 4 neoUgumwtiiitn aie like Joms in the ftocm^Qeep^ 
it out,though it mainly concern thenr&ielyjbeiides that wa aic men^ 
bound up each in his own skin, we ace limksof a ccmanmiiysaod 
thatbodyisnoleiieimire, and oonfiAent of all his memibeis ^en 
this naturall ; and no le(& (edible (hduld we be of any evill dhtt af« 
flifhit; If but the leaft toe do ache, the hnd feels it shut if the 
wholebodybeinpain much more do both head andfeet feele ir^ 
Tell me, can it be diat in a common Eardw]uake any hodccan be 
free, or is the danger leHe becanfe the neighbours roofes rattle alio > 
Yet too many men, becairfe they fufier not alone,.neithcr are Angled 
cut for Vengeance, are infenfiUe of Gods hand: Surely fixh men as 
cannot be (naken with Gods judgment are fit for the cemer, die 
lowcft parts of the Earth, ^diere there is a conftantand eteirall nn- 
left, not Cm: the iurface of it whtcfa looks towards an Heaven, wliere 
are imerdiMgesof good and evilly 

It is notaUe and pregnant which the pro]»het Efsj hath, bear h 
all ye fecure hearts, and tremble. In Am dsj did At Lard tfH^- 
cdS to ffffpffigy amlmomrmfigy and IsUne^ty Mdghdiwg wiA pichcMy 
imd irfjoU joy and gladKeffe^ flaying of Ooien^ and killing of Shtefj eating^ 
Fifffjy and driniingffine I And whir of that ? Starelylhis ini^atj fbaU 
TM he purged tiUyou die^ faiib the Lord God of Mops. YAaz AaU 
we fay to this, honourable and beloved ^ wherefbce hath God giiren 
MS his good creanues, but that wc ftxmld injoy tbca ? jDotfa not 



III. «r"4»» • * •••1 ^.^ ^•M ' lUr-? 

wliyxsGdd to 

than? KawiirB ok a s 

flands 1:9011. 

foas aic fins ; o fae >miI1^ wnez Goc 

doc cor inXWWbcB fat calls SilitZX&OElcrir Wncn ir: m rr-.r i^^.x: 

OS iadcdinfa^d and vna'ii, icfldBciL ruc: i^an 1 rcK v^t xoet 

l-l^ ^T" ^ » 

oDfc to DMgrap^ and a nme tc aamrr iuks: ^ n^'iir v^j^l r^ 
Cod hid ■> AePrapba Saat K^rra: ic: wa:^ iai>£ avta^ .'tjn 
lafioi&, dhc afla£xz ofbgsafrjMic \tt 12: vmxc mx, hi jirir^^^r 
ty wfam \^\tm dba» Babt «Bn £saz: is tr.-i :nr.:i^i. imiir:: u: 
oar peace, jodcoamaa arjaic: 3 bt uixiii £»!. k werx our aor 

eyes: infidarfiiiDkJtehagifagaD: Btarg fuou^ i^. r»Lt tvxrm: 

* - — — - — -1 _ - • - ^ . ^ ^ ^ 

Hcxe die IVo:3hcz cas err CK; .Pjlc r.4is.r r^r^ A:i^ loMf 

doA Ac mmrnr^ piupibctJKwr panr iim taaatri: nai Laar-rr^i.'jB, 
A«o^ i^alF tfar VariarjrreiUit nmfjnr tf :> 'oe wixt s, uuul u. r:: uri^^ 

€)h dm cor beans cKbin^'tntanuatr arnr tr^ ur-im u: riufe 

fenfiblcofqirpgvagnMi mnn ins: titer fiioQ*4> «vt TLkSut 2 r*— ^Tiue 
of AKdreadn£IfaBid ofGod, cf wimi our prjp:^^ nLXL.iXMo itf& 

Tbb&rAepiAre Eanbtyakr t£ vrxxkk cslaratnes; ncnrfjr 

oks 5 mitb At'ietbeiaruiB mewed 

iDo; and ds tpakiR is w iiS£.Ti man rmnaosal icr doarmen are 
here dK iiwm ii Hw luiij i us of tbcxaTtr^vK, miieseiis is tbe other 
diey aROMradbv die ^■'— ^^^«^^ band of God : Ana hot* aks^wi^^ar 
flia]lwe(ajtodtj£r mesx dartake pkaiuEetTi die enixr.nin^ of 
Scars? dntwdiJi&io can&igxo fee t^Gc^an^ir^txiatloveto 
daanriipQoa^QdBDgcaihiTesdaK a&:SiD be aoozsin d^cTe on- 


JO The Mif chief of EaSHoHt - 

^ kiadly mo titations. Thai great MathematictM braggart could vainly 

fay, give me a place wnerc to fet my foot, and I will move 
chc carth;that which that proud Engineer would do by Art , tbefe 
men will do by wickeduefs, that and more, for they will be moving 
that earth which they cannot bu t tread upon.1 remt-mber Georgia w*- 
jnV(»Li (who when I was a young man was noted for the moft accurate 
cbferycr of thcfe under ground feaet^i of nature ) tells us moft 
probably^c hat the 1 econdary and immedia te caufe of an Earth-quake 
u acenainfubtcrraneous me kindled of fome fulphureous matter 
wi<hin the bowels of that vaftbody,andincreafed by the reiiftance 
of the ambient coldne{&, the paffages whereof being precluded and 
blocked up by the folid and cold matter: of the earth, it rages, and 
roars, within thofe dark hollowes, and by the violence of ir, as 
murmuring to be thus forceably imprironed,{hakes the parts about it^ 
and at laft makes way by fome dreadfuU Fefu ti^-like eruption : Sudi 
is the mif-kindled heat of fome vel ement (pirits : this, when it lights 
upon fome carthy,proud, rullen,head-ftrong dilpofition, and findes it 
lelf eroded by an authoritative refillance, growes defperately untuly; 
and in amad indignation to be fupprefled is ready to fhake the very 
foundations of government ; and at laft breaks forth into feme dan* 
gerous rupture, whether in Church or State; Let no man think I 
intend to Arike at a wife, holy, well-goveru'd zeal ^ no , I hi^e 
this in my bofome, as the lively temper of grace, as the very vitall 
(pirits of religion ', I wifti there were more of that in the World; 
I fpeak of the unmly diftempers of male-contented peribns, and of 
the furies of Anabaptifm and Separation. Let foch men think what 
they will ofthemfclves, Solomon has paft his doom upon them, Frav. 
6. 14. Homo neqtum mi feet cof^entiones^dsTremeliw turnes it : He is 
no better then a wicked man that hatchetb divifions ; how ever they 
may (lei^ht this contentious humour, I dare confidently fay, a private 
murderer (hall make aneafyer anfwer then a pubiick diftuiber, even 
A)io{lolicall charity can wiih, would to Codthes mere cgt offtkai trouble 
youy And more then fo, whereas they would not be m^e ftirring 
y then their neighbours, if they did not think themfelyes wifer, he 

that is wifer then thc7|;ives them their own. It is oi/ honour for 4 
ffianto ceafe from flri fey but every fool mllie medUng^Prov. %o. 3. So 
then a quarrelfome man in a parifti^ efpecially if he have gotten a 
little imatteringof laW| is like a cholick in the guts, that teares, and 


■ t 

And the Kemedie of it. 7 1 

■■ < 

wrings, and torments a whole town(hip*>but a Seditionary in a Scatc^ 
or a Schifmatkk in the Chtirch is like a (ulphurcous fiery Vapour ia 
the bowels of tli« Earth, ablecomdke that itablc element reelc a* 
gain ; worfc then that Monftcr of Tyrants, who could fay, 
•for ^«io*r ><« luxWt «v6» ; whcH 1 am dead. Let Earth and fire jumble 
together i but this man fayes V«* i^^n 5 Let me live to fee the 
eanh totter, and with that {baking torne and divided > which is- . 
the ufualleffed of the Earth-quake, and the fecond head of our in- 
tended difcourfe ; Thou haft broken or divided it : 

I come not hither to aftonifh .you with the relation of the fear- 
full efEcAs which Earth-quakes have produced in all ages, as it were 
eafy to do out of hiftories and Philofophical difcourfes ^ where you^ 
may fee Rocks torne in pieces. Mountains hot caft di)wn only bur 
reaioved. Hills raifed not out of Vallies onlv, butoutofSca^, Fins 
breaking out of Waters, 5rones and Cinders belched up. Rivers 
changed. Seas diilodged , Earth opening, Towns fwallowed up,, 
and-many other fuch hideous events ^ Of which kind our own me- 
mory can furnifti us with too many at home s although thefe colder 
climates are more rarely infefted with fuch affrightfuU accidents. 
It is more properly in my way to (hew you the parallell cffcfts of the 
diflcmpers and calamities in States , and Churches, To begin - 
therefore with the atftive breaches ; whom fhould I rather inftance 
in,- then that wofuU heart-buming of Corah the Son of Levi , and 
of, DathMy and Aiiram^ the ^ons of Reithen ? No fooncr were 
they enflamed with an envious rage againft Mofes and Jlaron^ then 
2 CO. Princes of the Aflembly, famous in the Congregation, men- 
ot ren0wn,rifc up in the mutiny againft their Govcmours ; and thefe 
draw with them all the Congregation of Ifrael to the door of the 
Tabernacle of the Congregation j What is the Ilfiie 5 After Mo^ 
/J^; his proclamation the people withdraws from dielr tents, the earthi 
opens her mdiith, fwaliows up Coni^ and his Company , withall 
that pertained to them, and tney go down tniick into the pit. What 
a (hriek do you think there w^s,- wnen they found . tbemfelves fink- 
ing into that dreadful! gulfe 5 9s for the 250. :ReHbemteS\ fire<:ame 
out fronvthe Lord and confuiried them : Lo ,. the two teitfl^le-rf-^ 
flAscven of materiall Earrh-cpakes, opening and burning, which 
weiTiall find fpirttually happening in all commotions of this na- 
ttttc.. Look at the rckicllion oijerol^am jxhemale-xontentod rouj- 


7^ ^he Mif chief of FaSihn 

titude when their petiticmlpeeds notj cries our^ H^st fonim have 
inD^vid^ mtherwnjewei^herkaweii^thfSmBfJeJJf^ to your texts O 
Ifraely lock to tbii^e om houfey David i What was the Qntdl IfraH 
departed to their tents i only Juda ftuck to Rehohoaniy there is the 
divifion : The ftones fly about the ears of AdorAmy and become big 
fuddain Tomb, and (fcive. their Leigc Soveraign to his chariot j there 
is the fire of violence. 

So upon cbe har(h proceeding ^Umnenf the 4th,againft Frederick 
the Emperour s Maxima partiMitasfo^tihfrii^f fuhfecyta efty as Trite^ 
mtiis tells us ^ There was luch a divHion of the people as lafiedih 
the computation of that Author no leffe then %6o. years : not 
without the effafion of much blood j thofe which took the Popes 
part were called GuelfeSy thofe whkh took the Emp^ours, GikeWmsi 
here was ««•>* ?c««r*« indeed with this Rooian Earth-quake. What 
fhould I overlay you'with inftances. Will ye fee the Wee effisfts iti 
the Church? 1 could tell you of thofe Eaftern Earth-quakes caufed 
by the Arrians, Donatiils, Circumcellians j of thofe of Pravinee^ 
and the bordering parts^wher^in fo many thoufand honeft and ioof^ 
fenfive AWigenfes were overwhelmed. I could tell you of the J^^ 
riy?^;^ maf&cres^ and many other fuch tragiciall ai6ls s take that one 
i^yhereof Binlw himfelf can tell you ; Pope Urian the ^th, cooiii^ 
to his Epifcopall chair would be cx>rreding the loofe manners c? 
the CardinallS) they impatient of his reforimtion flew out to Amt 
giMy chofe and fct up another for an . Anti-pope Clement ytlu and 
thereupon pernitiofiffimumfchifmayZ mofl: pernicious fchifme ardfc > 
which could not be flinted of g 6. years, or as Fafciculm temponm 
faves, of 40. years ; in all which tun? faith he, even the moft learn- 
ed, and confcicntiousmen knew not who was the trae Bifliop of 
Rome, cumgrsvifca^dab totius Cleriy & grandi jaHuraa»imantm. In 
the mean time wfiat wofuU work do you think there was, what dis- 
contented murmurs, what roaring of Bulk, what flaflies of reci- 
procal! anathema's, what fiirijus fide-takings, what plots, what 
Woodlheds? - ^ 

Here at home what deadly divifions have our inteftine Earth- 
quakes brought forth, how have wHole fields, whole Gowntries 
45een fwallowed up with the unhappily . raifed Barons wars, with 
the fa tall quarrells of the two Rofes. Blelled be God, our land hath 
had reft for many years, ever fince that happy and au^idousuaion^ 



- ■ ■- • - - -■ — v^^^^i^^ 

AndtheKemedtofit. ji 

and blei&n^$9 and peace be ever upon cbac gracious bead, and 
royall line in whom they are united* I fay we have had a long and 
happy peace)- although periiaps it is no thank to fome.body : for had 
that uilphureous mine taken nre(as it was very near it ) this State in 
all likelyhood had not been (haken only, but quite blowenup s thofe 
goodly piles and therein the Monuments of ancient Kings had been^ 
together with the yet ftirring limbes of dying Princes, buried in 
their own ruine, and rubbiflji j Dcm omen. 

It is a dangerous thing ( honourable and beloved ) for a man to 
give way to a fecret difcontei^ment, or to the firft ofi&rs of fedi- 
tion : Curfe mtthe Kmgno not in thy thought y Curfe not the Rich in tbj 
Bed'chamlery Eccles. i o. ult^ That great lawyer faid well, if Trea-« 
ion could be difcovered but in the heart, it were wonhy to be puni* 
(hed with death : For how ever fleight and fotce«^le0e tliefe begin« 
nines may fecm^they bring fonh atlaft no iefle tti^n pi^lique 6i* 
ftra^on, and utter fubverfton j what a poor defpkaUe beginning 
Jbad the SciriRi , two Brothers in Barbdryy who defired nothing (» 
dieir Father but a Drum and an Enfigne, but with them they made 
fhif t to over-mn the two Kingdomes of Fe;^ and Morocco : Yft^x a 
fmal (how-ball was that which curfcd M^met began to roll, 
which (ince hath covered all the vallies, yea and Mountaines (^the 
Eafl ; what a poor matter is a fpark lighting on the tinder, and 
yielding a dim blew li^ht upon the match s yet if once it hath 
%ht the candle, it foon kiiidles a fire able to burn a Wodd ; yea, 
vmat can be leife confiderable then a litle warm Vapour fuming up 
in fome obfcure cell of the Earth j had it had but the leaft breathing 
our, it had vaniflied alone without noife or notice; but now the in-: 
clofure heightens the heat, and the re (ifUng cold doubles it, and 
now it having gathered head, growesfo unruly, that it makes the 
Earth to tremble at the'huy of it, and tears up Rocks, and Moun- 
taines before it in making vent for it felf t Of this namre is a muti* 
nousfpiiits he needs no other incentive then his own difpofitionj 
and by that aIone,inraged with oppo(ition,is able to inflame a worid: 
fo vvife Solomon^ As codes are to burning coaUSy and wood'to fire i fok 
u contentious manto kindle firife. Prov. 2tf« 21. It hath been alwayes 
therefore the wifdom of Churclies and States by an early fiippreffi- 
on to prevent the gathering of thefe hot and headftrong Vapours, 
hy the power of good lawes^ by carefuU executions, and (o they muft 

K dd 



% * 


^^ TheUifehkfofFa^n, 

doftillj if cheydefire to have peace. If we would have onr Earth 
ftand ftiil we smft iMt fiftftd IHU, but muft feafonaHy with aU 
fpeedy Vtgilancy) difperfe thc^e unquiet^ and nithilcnt fis^ 
rife up in it } But foraffliuchas thefc mifchieftart fitft hatcht within^. 
' md notice canaot be taken of them till they have got a dangerous 
heady fince no man keeps the Kej^ of a mans own heart bat him (elf,. 
, the ttue way of a p^rfeft prevemion is for men to work upon their 
own fouls in fecret 5 to fuppreft the firttrifing of male-contented,, 
and mutinous thoiighcs in their own btefts 5 to fettle in thanfelvesa; 
true valuation of peace j and a juft fenfe of the mifcHefs of contcn* 
tions. Hdw have we feen Churches, and States like a dry bnli- 
quor'd Coach fet chemfelves on fire with then: own motion i ii>v# 
havcwe fccn good limber rotted widi but the droppitigs of a /ihall 
chink ? YeahoW have wo fefefl gooAy (hip% finking witti but a leak i, 
It was a wife (^ervaticM) oiEtJfmi ifknt qud ntghSdMnladunt j tx^ 
agftma grsvfsfifcitMttrj^ediaf 5 Thc^rc are things which dor no hirt 
tobcletalone , butwhen they are urg'd breed no fmafl ftirs. It 
was an sd)^ ur^i and ridtt^ous mi(hike of the vtllg^ of 

that Lac. 15. as 54//)M!'r<?^ hteifelf oWerves in his yrolegpmM% Mu^ 
lufftriiditdtMhtMm^MctMkUctfnm, df everthdomtmy inftcad of. 
• evfrnk^Dx Wuman loft hef groat^ lighted a candle, and over- 
threw the boofe, inftcad of fweepiog : See how one letter may 
naarpe a^enfe : hut tmly fo it is j Many a one in b\it the feel^ of a 
fgrry ^6at, lights the candlC) and fets the hcufe on fite 5 would 10 
God we had not too much experience of this mifchicf 5. No Jefle 
miftaken^but to better purpofc^ is that Pfal. 107. 4. where tfccy 
read Ejfyfa eft cmMkfiper frincipes , whereas the true word is if- 
fyfa eficMetfftioi He powreth contempt upon Princes, 8*^*^6* as 
ApolHniriy, or as the Septuagent *-^»«^.. The morall may be 
too good. Where there are quarrdls and contentions, there will 
foonbc contempt) (hame, Aiinihaation : It was our Saviours word^, 
jinhnuftdhidedMmat Hmtd: If this then be a fbarftrlJ jodgmcntr 
whichishete fpecififed, that there is a divifion of the Land^ Let. 
our>hearfS atJiciT to be guilty of brifl^ing it upon ouf felves ; • wo be 
to thole by wfiom the otfi^dieemerhsfi^/^^had wont tobe ^^7- 
£iia^ qusft ^ "^ir, as Caf^s^ve derives it, . imptf gkrlcpi S'o wc found 
itin riie b!e{&d dmes of our long peace, and fo Ictus leave it to the 
fiftt-ccjiing 'genctafion$..?at bfe fromuSthatM^hich Se/^4rdfpcak^ 

; J 

m ■*' 

And the Ktmedit of it. y^ 

fdJow tns own ibmack, and lis own l»:aku Away wich all pccvifh 
iuunours of confienaon if wc lov^ ourfdvcs, our Land^ oar Qjuid}, 
Let us as the Apoftks charges, ft$^y to ie quiet. Thus much for the 
BAbic breaches ; The paiuve breaches which £>llaw upon lAiofe 
£ttrch-quakes of judgnient are thofe grievous VafWons H^ich hav^ 
followadupon the publick calafatcu?s of any Nation ; for thefe are 
called Bceaches too, as Pere;:^ fTzzib s and the hand upon the wall 
wrote BaltAzars Uplunrfin. if the Earth could qtuver only for a timet 
and ceafe again without asyfen^le breach, it were Jio great mat- 
ter i but as there is no thutiderin the cloud without an etuption of 
lightning, ib there is no Earth-quake lightly without fome fearfuU 
tupture. The judsments of God never return empty handed ; they 
'^i faring what they wereient for. Thafe three oreat eoiecudoners 
«f God, fword, famine, peftilenoe, what wofiill navock hgve chey 
made in the World ? I could flbow you very wide breaches that 
chefe have made wherefoever they havecome;! could tell you out of 
Joftfim of fo many Jewes flaushtered at Uiemf^Um & the bcMrdcring 
parts, as you would wonder toe World (hould yield fo many men, 
I codd tell you of Eighteen hundiedthoufand in one Year fwept a« 
way (as it isfaid) in one City^ Cairoy with the peftilcncei what 
need I travel! fo far off when wc have fo many and miferable Inftan- 
ces nearer home ; Here in £n^£uii/, as our Floril^m or Mmbem of 
^H^ejimiMfter tells lis, in the Year 66%. there was (o great a mortality 
that men ran up h^ troops to the rocks, and caft themfelves into the 
'Sea. Do but look back, and rccolle(9: thofe bills of death which in 
our two laft heavy vifitations aftonifhed the prefle ; Do but look 
about at both GermMtes and their bordering neighbourhood, and fee 
what gaps the fword hath made in thole yet olceding temtories : 
K)htl&wo(ullbreaches that have followed thefe late Earth-quakes 
of Chriftendome 5 die very examples whereof one would think 
^Hiould be enough to teach us both fear and thankfulneile ^ when 
the Ifraelites round about faw Cor^ft and his company devoured ot 
the Earth, they run away at the cry of them , and faid left the 
lEarthfjpollowasup alfo. 

I cannot blame them, they had reafon ; the fame jawes of the 
£anh might have yawned wider, and taken them in too. So let us 
4o (Honourable and beloved) yea why (hould not the care of 

' K a our 

76 the Uif chief ofFaSiion, 


out own fafccy prevail To (six with us, as to force us, fince we fee the 
lamentable breaches that arc made in our neighbour Nations, to tun 
away trembling from this gulf of Gods dcferved judgments ; and 
(hall I tell you how we may run awayto pmpofe i Run away before* 
hand from thofe fins which have drawn down thefe judgments^ on 
diem, and will otherwife do the like upon us ; fo (hall we bciiire 
to efcape the avenging hand of God, who alone it is that moves the 
earthy md makes thefe breaches j which is the third head of our difr 
courfe;7lwi^ hafl made the earth to tremllejtbou hajl divided or broaken it. 
Who^or what ever be the means, he is the author of tbeie 
movings, of thefe breaches} asinnamre, the immediate caufesof 
an Earth- quake are thofe Subterraneous heats which we mentioned, 

2et it is God the prime^caufe that fets them on work , in caufiAg 
oth them and thdr agency ; fo ir is in. tliefe analogic^ motions i 
Men ipay be the immediate adtors in them, buthetliat adhiatesthe 
orders, over-rules thefe means, is God, to him ouift be afcribed 
thefe ftirrings, thefe breakings : whether by a ^ but efficacious 
permiilibn, as fins, or by a juft immiffion as punifbments. This is 
Gods claime, the prerogative of the King of Heaven, Is there aiy 
eviO in tfje City and I have mt done it} Surely none^ except wo 
Will detract from his omnipotence , none ^gainft him , none 
' without him, none but by him, his infinite power, juftice, wif- 
dome, mercy, knowes when and how to fcouige one, to chaftife 
a fecond, to warne a third, to humble a fourth, to obdur e a fifth, to 
detlroy a fixt ; (hortly, . to break fome, and move all ; Oh the infi^ 
nite varieties, and inevitable certainties of Gods vengeance upon fin^ 
full Nations. Dothlfraell walk with God, they are the miraculous 
pr cedent of favours ta all ages and people : Do they fly offin Muti- 
iiics and Idolatries, God hatn plagues, fiery fcrpents, mighty ene- 
mies to cxeaite his wrath upon them. Doth Solomon hold right 
with his God ? Never Kkigdome io fiouriflied, in plenty and peace; 
Is his heart turned from the Lord God of Ifraelf^ (tra^htwaycs the 
Lord ftirted up an adverfary to Solomon^ Had ad the Edomite j and af- 
* 'JC. II. *^^ ^^^ ^^ wicked Son oi'^ekat the EphrathiteyVnf 2^.and which 
J. vi 14. is worthy of fingular obfervation, when that rcbcU Jeroloam hd^ 
drawn away the ten Tribes of Ifrael from their allegiance to the Son 
of Solomon y and Rehohoam had gathered together an tupdrtd and fowfr 
Jicorethou£apdpienofJtidah and Senjamin to §gk ^ain^ th^'reioked 

AndtheKemedicofit. yy 

jfratUtes j the word of God cstne to Sbemsiab the mas ofGod^ Spesk ta * 
Xehoioam Mdfsj 5 Te fbaSMtgo uf nor fi^ht againflyoiar brethren 5 for 
tins things is from me. Lo who it is that moves the Eard) snd divides iti 
we may look ( as humane wifdome teacheth us to do ) ac rhefecon* 
dary caufes ; and finde them guilty of the publick evils ; this mans 
illimicable ambicion, that mans infatiahle covetcufnefle } thecmcl 
opprci£onsofthefe^rearoneS) the mutinous difpofitions of thoe 
tnteriours } violence iaor^, in another Fa^on, but if we look not 
atthefirft mover of all t^fe lower wheels 3 we are but ^"^^ not 
feeing things afarroffi w6 do but as the Dogfnarle at the ftones, 
negledithe hand^ we are like fome fond fpe^ators^ that when 
they fee the puppets a&tng upon the ledge, think they niove alone 
not knowing that there is an hand behind the curtain that ilirs all' 
their wires. Upon the fight we do well and wifely by all policick 
provifioQS to meet with or prevent all thofe peccant humours, which 
may occafion a publkk diftempcr ; to curb che lawkffe infolence oP 
fbme, the fedttiousmachtiiation$ of others, the extortious cruelties 
of fome, the corrupt wrcfting of jufticc in others: the giddinefle 
of fome, others cparrelfomeneflc i- but when all is done if we do not 
make our peace with God, wc do nothing; it is but a reckoning 
without our hod, a remedy without eafe; Oh then, in all cither our ' 
(enfc or fear of evil:>,. let m have our rccourfe to that Almighty hand 
which ordereth ail the events of Heaven and Earth, and work him 
by our tme repentance to a gratious ceflation of vengeance 5 elfe 
what do we with all our endeavours, but as that fond man who wca^ 
rics himfelf lading out the channel with a (hallow difh, whiles thc^ 
Spring runs full, and unjiiecked. Vain man, can^he poflibly hope 
tofcoppetit outfofaftasit fills : let him take order with the well 
head from whence it iffiies, if that be filled up, the channcll dries 
a:one :* When the Paralytick was with much labour let down 
through the roof to our Saviours cure, whatfaid he: Sonthyfhste 
jforgi uen thee j Alas, the poor man came not for pardon, hec ms 
fortatte i, but that great unfailing Phy fitian knew that he mull begiiv 
here J If the fins were gone, he knew the palfy could not ftay be- 
hind them: If ever we think to be rid of judgments we mutt begin 
wlieuce they begin J He it is that can both ftrike and eafe, wound 
and heal again j which is the next and mull be forfear of yow over*- 
tiring the latt fubje^ of our difcouifc i heal tloi^ tlye fores or Ir^^'^''^ 
tbt/eof. Ihar 

jf 8 JbeUtf chief 9ff4Bi0H, 

That o:i«ar^d ineffable namcofGodxOHfUHng of&kUf ktttrs, 
which vwi now caJlJWiiit^ib^ no man knowcs what it was or how 
pronounced 5 but being abridged 19 Jdby, the Gpccians l^ve heca 
wonctocxpcfifieiiby **• • wmch i^nific^to tieal, the iienfe where- 
of isanfwcrcdbj that name whichtne Heaxhcns gave him, juph^^ 
as juvMspAter. This healing iihra is 4 propcsr, i^indly, 4md naiurall 
jsi& of God, whereas the oihei^ as dividiflg, ticikiig^ vraraiiing, 
.commoving;) are a it wer^ fqrced upcm him by mcn^ 'iupcfy elfe, he 
that is ^(fentialLunity wcaild Jibt d^wdc j he that is ilahiHty it klfj 
would not oiovC) hexhat isfak$ ififky woaldnot woond^ he that 
m all naercjj would not ftrflfie ; we do as it were put this iipon lam, 
and thereforehe cries out ; ^ wHl ye dh 6 hexfe af Jfrad > bic 
when we (hall retiirne to our felves and him, and lie once capable 
of mercy and cure, hm d^th hehaftcn to our fedrelTe. Tie Sm of 
ngkeMfnefi^UsrifevilhheAUngin hisvin^ MaL/^ x, Lo, heie 
4s healing for his d&y and wings far his haue. Thofe breaches wlach 
..arc made in the earth by the (baking "of-it arc as fo many wounds 
/gaihes or fores in a vaft body, and both of tbcfe refcmble diofc ^eithc* 
diviiions or calamkieS) whidi fall out in the bodies of Churches or 
States 5 the hand that a^e them mutt, can, will only heal them, 
'^eal thou the heacbes ; And how doth he heal f hem in irat^r of cala- 
iinitypRrft, by removing the grounds of it 3 Surely, the great and 
-tru^ fores of the Land, arc tte fins of the Land, which till it pleafe 
him toiieal by workingiis to a ferious x^encance, in vain Aiall we 
complain of our breaches which follow them. Thefe are ***^ «*«» 
i wMifi^ 5 4 noyfffne fore and grievous^ Rev. 16^ 2. Not only in the 
2%. Knees &Le^sj9ut in thevery bowck*& vitallellparts,as JerBbcms 
was, 2 Chro.z i. Wo is me how fiiU we are of ihefc fpics (to/g^ focit 
nutla ) we are 5 what an Ulcerqus body are we grown, 13ce to that 
great pattern of mffery that was t<aits ulaffj dl bUt one botch, I 
would notbcquerulousibutlmuftfay fo ; What (hall I fay of our 
!l)lafphemtes,prophane(&s, uncleaneSb, dn]akenneflcs,''oppreffions^ 
facrilcdges , kwlcfle difobediences , contempt of Gods meflcn- 
^ei s, and all that rabble of hellifb enormities , enough to fhame 
ificaven, and confound Earth. Thefe are fores with a witnefle ? 
iAlas, thefe like to Davids^un^ md cesfe not ; they are'befides their 
noyfomnefle a^JCHaa^Tn fore and old fores. But yet ftay 
my hcetb;£n i we ai€ not comcto dtat pa& thar Jehcrm^ was that 



And the Ktmedie of it. jy 


^. Wound is inanable} orco die State of the S^ifffumSotky dnc 
there was m breath kftinfaiiii s but like E^khms tacher, famfel boc 
jet breathing. And fifll^ ftiXi therc is balme in Gikad s lee oor 
Wounds be never fo deep, repentance may, can, will lecore tfaem^ 
let not us think onwards to heal Gods people widi good words ; 
this is the way toiefterthem within ; No let us who are Gods Qi- 
nifgionsinakeureofthe^pKobe of Wife Auftere judgments letns 
gagethe fore to thebotome, and tern it home with the applicati* 
onsof the Law 3 let us take otf tfab praiid fle(h with the coirofivinv 
denimciations of vei^eanoe to the impeflitent finnersj and theii 
when it is thoroughly dtawn let us lay on die fo vetajgn emplaifters 
ftf the moft ptedoos and meritoriciis mercy of our bkfled Redeemer.^ 
Thus, thus muft all our fpiticnall fores be healed; andoh, thatwe 
could dbtain of our own nearcs toaddrefle our fejves to a faving ufe 
6f thefe &te remedies : how happy were bo^ for our foules and 
&r our Land, whofe fores yet lye dangeroufly open; how foon^ 
would our joftly provoked God take off his Heavy judgments ? Is 
it an Ettrnny that vv^uld affliA us ? He can put a hook into the NoHrib^ . 
dnddkridU intotheLip^of^ffoudefi AjfyrtM Mt fleafure: Is it a 
Peftiience^ylfe can call in thedeftrDyif^ AngoI,andbid him Smite no> 
morel IsitFanliM (^ Hecanreftoreto us kk years that the Locuft 
hath eaten, the Gahker^worfiie, and the GaterpiHer j iheFhores^ 
Jball Se full of Hijeaty and the Fsts overflow with wine and O^U. Im 
matter of divifion, fecondly; the way to his cure muft be oycom- 
pding ^ unkind differences, Mdi unicmg t he hearts ofmen one to ' 
anther j the hearts even of Kings, much more of Subjects arc in 
lushand; as the Rivers of Waters, and he turner them which way 
fbever he pleafes -,.fon>^.ttmes dreadfully forward to a rfeht down^ 
oppofiti6rt,fometBncS'fide'Waysto a fair accomodation, ftimetiTiCs 
drcularly bringing thctit about toafull cdndefccnt and^cordance. 

But is we commonly fay th^ GiMrurgion heals the wound, and^ 
yet that the Plaiftcr Heals it too, theChirurgiori by the plaiftcrj. 
10 may we jnftly her*, it li God that heals, . and the means hcal:^ 
Gold by the means, and the mea*is by and trndtr Gotf. and fuitly- 
vi^l^n-We pray ^re![fpe^'rbat God 'ftionldh^^^ of thcfe hrca-- 

ches, we do not mean to fue to him to work miracles , »this were 
C^sSf^ Aafliniaid iruc^y in the Kke cafe ) to tempt God,' but we be-- 
fceiJhijadtOLgive and hicfs thofe means:. v^Hbercby thc^. hfcachcs- 

' ■ ■ • may/ 



8a the Mif chief cfFa^htty 


may be made up* As for the calamicoas Isrcachcs, thofc we wi(h 
may be.healed, fo far as the arme of flcfli can reachby cbe v^ilaoce 
andjpowcrofSoveraignity, by the prudence of wife Statefmenbjr 
the fage Counceil of the State and Kingdome, by wholfome provi- 
fions of good Lawes, by carefiill and juft executions. As ^r quar- 
rellous and difcon ten tea breaches, there are other Remedies to heal 
them } the Reniedies muft be as the caufes of them from within. 
Ijet the firll be a rcfolution of confining our defires within the due 
bounds, not affefting mutual! inaoachments, or unneceffary inno- 
vations; Notlnaoachments firft. Good Lord, what aftir thefe 
iwo great wranglers Meum^ and Tiv/m make in the World} wcfe 
it not for them,all would be quiet : Juftice muft do her part betwixt 
them both j holding the balance even with 2Lfuiim cuique^ and fayes 
with the Mafter of the vineyard Hf^ '^ ^^^ i Take that wbub 
is thine omn^ andgothswAs^M^x. 20. 14. remembring in al] ftates 
that heavy word of cne Apoftlc: But he that doth wrong fhall receive. 
I for the vprong whichhe hath done 5 and there is no reJpeS ofperfons^ Cokf. 
\3.uh. It is but ri^ht that wronjg fhould receive a payment in whote 
hands fpever it be tou(jd ; and if this retribution fail iometimes with 
- ou inen of might, wh6m earthly grcatnefle may perhaps for a time 
ar out in hard meafures to your impotent infcriours, yet there is 
norefpedofpetfonsabove, except this be it, potentes patenter fm^ 
renter. - 

' Not innovations fecx)ndly : It is that which Job findes out as one 
of the hiiiioufcft (ins of his time, Some remove the Land-marks 5 a 
thing which God hath given ftrift charge againft Veut. ip. 4. and 
we from Mofis fetcht it into our Lenten Curfes, Cwrfedte he that re^ 
movetb his neighbours JLand-marks^Deut.2y, 17. even*iii this cafe, m, 
^*>x«« is a Hire rule j The old way faith the Prophet is the good 
way ; every novelty carries fufpicion in the face of it 5 It was a 
goodqueftion of the Church in the Canticles, sphy fhould I be as 
one that tstrneth afid^ to the Flocks of the companions ? The wtf- 
dom of great Statcf-men have ftill taken ii for a juft principle, that 
:of f^fo^ •«|t ^^'"»» ye have heard of Land-marks , but ye fee 
how it is with Sea-marks if xhcy fhould be changed, it is the wracic 
of every veffell, either Rocks would daih them, or flbelves fwallow 
them ; And as innovations do not well in way of change, fo not 
in way of addition 5 that which 7<r/i^i//« faid of faces, I may fay 
• a of 



And the R ewedie of it. 8 1 

of mam ttlXths^ A dUMofMt s^Mtamrms j and if TrrpsstUrdo but 
add but one (bring more to h*s harp theinftnimcnc is brcdce, and he 
^nfiired s lo regard of both i if it be the ^cat and glorious Iblc 
of God) chat in him is no (hadow by changing; fureiy tfaofe well 
fctled Churches and States come ncaicft to his per fe^oo dhat a] ccr 
leafts Andif with L/^pjim we (hall fay } Qjfid fi in melimyl wn^^ an^ 
(wer,that in every change there is a kind of hazard } ic is a wiic 
word therefore ot our /f^^i^^r) riiat a tolerable (ore is better then a 
daijgerous Remedy* 

• The lecond Remedy mu(lbe a difcreer moderation in the purfu* 
ance of our apprehoided right 2 How many good matters have been 
inarr'd with ill handling s The debter did owe to the rigorous 
fbward an hundred pence $ no doubt the dept was due^ he might 
/uftly claim it-) but to lay hands on the man^ and to offer to pluck it 
out of his debters throat, this is julUytaiced for a foul cruelty; Ma* 
ny an honelV Corinthian was injured by his wrangling neighbour, 
and had jujUjJflmdm uufam UtigMdi ; yet for Chnftians to ^o to law 
before infidels, this the ApoiUe taxes for a fmfiili pcece of Jufticc ; 
mhj rather fiiferyt mt wrong faith the Apoftle 5 This is durmfermdy 
ikies fome brangling pari(hioner that fetches up his poor Minifter e- 
very Term for trifles, yet in St. Paules judgment a flijght mjnrj h let^ 
tcr then afcdndalous quarrelL 

The third is a meek complying with each other, relenting ( fo 
f^ as we may with all iK)ffible fafety ) on either part,- if the diffe- 
lence be between unequalls, charitable and mercifull on the fupcri* 
ours part, humble and fubmifs on the infcriours* Ahraksm and 
Lot fall upon a di£Krrence ; Al^rahdm is tbx^ better man, he is the 
Uncle, Lot but the Nephew ; yet Abraham feeks the peace and' 
follows it With him, whom one wouldthink he might have com« 

Good David had done his Malbr and Father in Law no wrong, 
Qnlefs it were te pngnas tap voBuh \ and vet after good dem 3n(lra«- 
tbn of his loyalty, how humbly doth he teg a reconcilement at the 
iiands of S4»I ; n^ere fore doth my Lord the Kin^ pajf^fue after his fer^ 
^ant ; Now therefore^ let my Lord the King hear the words of his Servant^ 
If the Lord have pirred thee up againil me^ Let him accept an offer i^ 
HaHhconteftations never did good} The ball rebounds from tlie 
Aoor to the face of him that t&owes it, whereas a lock of yvooU 

L faUs 

82 The Mif chief of FaSHea^ 

falls without noife, and lies ftiU : Tbofe c^at would take birds oni- 
tare their langoa^', do not firarcdiein with tfaoadng: Bitter oppo* 
fmons may fet oft^ but caenot win either ao hollow fnend^or a. 
known Enemy. 

Thefourthandlaftinuftbea cbadtable conftra^on of each o« 
thers ads and intentions ; There is nothing in the Worf d which . 
may not be taken with either hand ; whether ^ i^ht fa^ of &• 
vour, or the left of malice. We fee the Son of God hiroielf, in. 
whom the Prince ot this World could find nodiing, yet was expo- 
fed to mif-conftnr^on. Doth he difpoflefle Dtvels, it isby Magick ; 
by Bee] zc bub the Prince of Divds ? Doth he frame l^relif ( other 
then his fore-runner ) to a fweetly-fociable converiiition with m^n 
for their converfion i iebold afJkM^u^ mtfe iiiier^s frieMd ^f PmSK^ 
Mat. II. cofis an^ Jimers : Doth his chofen veflel, St. FmI defile to com- 
^^' ply with the Jews in purifyii^ Wnrfelf with the Votaries in Ae Tem* 

Aa. 21. P^^^ heiscryedoutonforanenemy tothelaw/craprofanerofthc 
28. holy place ; 4^4j jpithhimhe is not jportby to live. 

Good Lcu?d what uncharitable oenfme are men aipt to pafle upon 
each other ; let a man he (hid and aiiilere in niorahmd divine du« 
t ics though never fo peaceable, he isa Puritan, and every Purinm 
is an HyppQcrite : Let him be more free, and give more fcope to hs 
converiation though never fo confcionablc he is a Liberttne ; let hin^ 
make fctuple but of any innovated foime, he is a Schifmatidc ; let 
him ftand for the antiently received rites and government, he is a 
tiftie-fervingPormalifts ^hisis a Diotrephes^iAm an oCriitf, this a 
fcorner, that a flatterrer : In the mean time who can efcape fire ? 
* Surely, I that taxe both (hall be fiire to be cenfured of bothKhall bel 
yes am >. to purpofe i and therein I JQy,yea and will joy : What > a • 
tender ^ fates one, what on both fides, fiiyes another ; This is ^ku 
I look't for J- yes truly brethren,, ye have hit it right j I am and pro- 
fci& to be as the tcrmes ftand, on neither, and yet of both parts ; 
lam forthc peace of both, forthp humour of neither; howOiouId 
the morteror cement joyn the flones together if it did not liebe« 
tweenboth i And^I would to God not ycuonly that hear me this daT 
bpt all our brethren of this Land were alike-minded ; weihould not 
have filch IflxUouspreflcs, fuch unquiet pulpits, fucb diftra^d ba-^ 
fomes ; for the auth is^ there is no realbn we (bould be thus d^- 
j3ioedi ordius mutually branded s Hiisman is right, ycf^ that- 



M. ^^ "• 


muLff r 


r^ rv^ H vr<- 

- *. 



Preadit at the 


"v, . ^_ 

: B; J O S. NORVIC. 

V. J A M E S 4. S. 

DratP nigh unf Cod-, and be nnit draw nigbtcypui 
Clcaufe yonr hands ye fnnersy and purge y^ur hearts 
'^ ye double minded, 
$, Be affliSied, and m9Hrne, and weepy df^c» 

Have ptK})*c upon tltts Text, as fit for both cbe tnne and 

die &a^ ; bodi of them fiui and pcnitenciall ; and 

luch, as c^ ns to dmotton , and humfliatioii ^ b«Mh 

which arc the fubjcAsof the Scripture : 

There isii&«ftate fo happy (ifitcouldbeofacained) 

asdtatofperfcdobedieiKs; bucCiocetrat cannot be had, panly 

throi^h cne weal^neit, and partly ihcoogh riie wkkednefle of 

«ur nature, for there is a ( ** ^*>»'^ y s/t imfoffihility if§a it, Horn. 3. 

riienexttoit isthatoftrue repentance; which is noother then 

an hearty turnup from our evill waycs, and an indeavour of better 

obediences andthiseltateishefetecommeDdedtouSjUnderadoc- 

bleAIegory, the one, tfamrdrdiFiii^nigbtoGodi the other, tftmr 

ilfioifiei tndprgitig ; In the fotmct wbeECofj; i]k ikiner is reptefen> 




- •: X -r 


•* ^^ 


» T^ V. ^*' 



f »' 


oooc of diCB 


KcfaemaniDgafthttwcidiGad badb mde; 

-• ^ 

rtl II 

€aaatsmpbak€atuhmCadswapmsmmm mhckieMyhut 
cot k tfatre b iK> pboe for ineicT : ^i/jpi/flm 
.^T^fmSlemtiemidBdy iti ke im^f^e:^ m:bt Imdy me9€y 

^asoomanveisapc to 60^ {Mem pi ffrt nrsri:mr}mAz 
hopcciheaaj hRbethuboBch k KlTharh &Bdk>Tlerr 
ptmtfsiAm)GmLmAe wiike4^ ir:^!^.^ a 
ttMdtAetil, be AakMrdemktshtMwtjLj^'! si 

iWlaslKBaakx^otftaooiGnoeastbewiv, ro6aaiGkrr 
die end; bene is indeed (m> ><v"; aacarsDhc 
hie, bctwisifacSuncraDdHawns Ooetsiioribiindi 
iliekenaftfacodiCTS mi Am ^ lmlimffi Aewthm ^ 
TxmI^ Heir. 12^ i4.iio 00c fa flBcb js a£v ctf; nnk&k far Jar 
<gffljfc Jtjjo of togacnc ; Bfacn Itfle msy any imdeaii tlt>Bg 
£»c ; Lookas onpofiife as k is fivamin tfaar hub dfais do^ 
offlcftdboK faiiB, cukapiaro dbeSbc; (o mi^njt B tit kis^^lir 
die fc4il dat is docscd widiiiD, ever m oMie widan die icsr, 
widiodievkwofdiedardHearai, wtikfais tike pecliane o(^ 

Ibis&rdiedtflaKieiDiefpeftofGod; wi!l ycleckki ttfyoBt 
of tfacfinnerfaunlelf s He is aloof otf from God in las d wa giax ki 
bis a&daoiis^ in fak canias^ aad aAions* bi bis dioosHcs fcl^ 
whcfaare ooehr cviU, oondiaially; He oerer danks of God, bar 
when he feels lum ponilhne > and, then ; norwidnit a nannr* 
PpAia^londofxeeiet, and indi^tttian ; m not even whiles he fWeases 
^^. bvfaim, dodilie think of him ^ Gmlhmmmjdl kkthm^kSyhAAt 

Pia!niift) thattsfayan ufiull Hefaranfiae, God is not at aS in Ns 
thopghcfr; fixodieiwiie (imkflekbe vknuUy, and rcdodivciT) 
Aacisiioinan^wdiofcdioB^btsatc a kugcihct takcn npwitfa m 

lie as i^'irr-rr Or -t 


IT IT Tseocs will: qg T<> i^ia::^*tw 

lake: tie fiaii:T!5TcacH-rr fav. p!f^^0Ki 

s, axtf! erf tier lOrc'u iriWr ^j^ • Goc 

5 RuipootiK^- itit" tiHTWT nr^ inn 

I5hiL% Gad ccwnm^nos 2!' rhorr. anc fjfiijf . 

lie '■ndied hewr is BmileG^.- . anfl care? nor 

ic laireT'^ Ik o«m am-annr!r5 ; fo rvcry u-::}-, 

afibftians^ and aS«?s^ tiic- trrrrcr is afar: ^ 

dMill aac facas tli5 and uuiit^ it 

- 1 




f * ■■ * "! — ■■ M l ■■ II I HI 

off, as nothing concerning him, he is «s near to God as the bcft : 
and indeed in lomc fenfc he is fo^ St. Paulcovld fay to his Athemam^ 
He is notfarfromeierj one efu<t Every aeature hath equally bis 
livino^, moving^ Being from God j but a s for any relation to God, in 
rel^c^ofholincffe^ofgrace^andmcrcy, of^Iory ; this man is as far 
off as Earth is from Heaven, yea as Heaven is from Hell. For>cven 
by nature, we are the belt of us, the Sons of wrath. And if we had 
no more then even our birth (in, this alone would eftrange as fuffi-* 
ciently from God ; but beiides this, cur a^hiall fins fet ns off yet 
further i and if we had no fins of conimiifion ( as wc have number* 
Icffe, for in many things we fiij all, yea in all things wc fin all ) yet 
thofe of omiifion cannot but put us into an utter diftance j for if the 
morall man could be fuppofed to do nothing a^hially againft Gods 
will,yet his thoudits are not upon him, being wholly taken up with 
the Worldihis aficdionsare not towards him, being wholly fet upon 
the World,and thefe earthly tlungs; hjs beft a<flions arc not regulated 
by the royall law of righteoufnefie,but by the rules of dviiit^ and com* 
mon humanicyjand the end which he propofeth to hifbielf in them isy 
not the glory of God,but his own honour or advantage* And therefore^ 
both the wicked man, and the mere morall man are aloof off from 
Godjand t^hcrefore out of the benefit of Gods favour and protc^onj 
even as we know that thoic which live under the two poles, are out 
of the comfortable reach of the Sun-beames^ or thofc Amicbtho^ 
nes which are on the other fide of the globe of the Earth, are now 
whiles it is day with us. Pfri^jwir/J'/i^^firAfr^r/irrjie fii^uU Md Mte^ 
TAUfnefi^ with thffpirituAU condicion wherein ye fiind ; God is no o- 
therwifeneartoyou,butto pla^c and puniih you. Ye can never 
receive any glimpfe of ttue comiort m your foules, whiles you (o cen- 
tlnue, and therefore as yc tender your own prefent and etemall 
welfare, ftirup your (elves, to take this divine Counfell of the A- 
poftle. Draw nigh unto God 5 And fo frOTi the diftance implyed, wc 
defcend to the approach in joyned ; which wc fhall cotifioer as it 
hath refpeft to the prefence of God s a»id to the motion of man : To 
the prefence of Godwin relation to his Ordtnances,and to his Spirit s 
Firft then , wc draw nigh unto c^orf*, when wc attend upon 
Km in his worftiip and fervice j for God is where he is worfhippcd, 
and where he reveales himelf} h this regard, when C4f/i was hani- 
(bedfromtbepicfeDceofGod, it was not fo. much an exile, as an 




■ I ■■*■ 


<»^ — 

'excommunicaiion } Hence is all the Icgall fcrvi'cc called appearing 
l?cfore the Lord \ So Vavid^ vhenfkaU lap^edr tn thj fi^^ PfaL 42. 
2. and can fiadinhis heart for this caufe^ to envy the fparrowes 
and fwaUowcs as herein happier then himfclf j Thus Jscoh of his Be- 
thel^ God was here Md I knew it fjot ! Then therefore do we draw nigh 
umo Gody when we come into his houfe j when we preient our felvcs 
to him in our prayers, whether private or pd)lidc, when we attend 
upon him in his word^ whether read, or preached 5 in his holy Sa- 
aaments, in all religious exercifirs j And thoie that do willingly 
neg1e<B:thefeholyfervices> they are no other then aloof off from 
Gofl J and certainly, ( vvhat^loever they . may tbnk of it ) this 
cftate of theirs is very dai^crc^s j for if the waft peecc of iiellifh 
torment be that of lofile : and utter departing from the prefence of 
God, then furely our voluntary Elongation of our felves from his 
prefence muft needs be a fearful! intioduffcion to an everlafting 
idiftancc fron) him : Let our Recufants ( whecha out of hetefic or 
{a&ion ) make what flei^ht account they pleafe of thcfe holy af* 
fcmblics. Surely the keeping away from the Church is thp way to 
keep out of Heaven : AuditmgffeBumreStituity as Bernard well. It i% 
pur hearing that muft reflorc us to the {^ht of God, 

This in relation to his Ordinances, that to his fpirit foUowesj we 
do then, Secondly,^^^^;^ ni^ to God^ when upon our converfion to 
him, we become the receptacles and entertainers of his good Spirit : 
For God is undoubtedly where he breathes into the foul holy dc- 
fires, where he works Heavenly grace in the heart 5 This prefence 
fbllowes upon the other, or accompanies it : Por, when we do 
carefully and confcionably, wait upon Gods, ordinance, then his 
Spirit oifers,andconveighs it felf into the heart; thefe are flrW^i^- 
Jim^r4ti>, the carriagc.of grace into tlie foul; Never any fcomer, 
or profane perfon hath any fenfe of this prelence ; This is that Da- 
vid fpcaks fo paflionately of ; Ohcal^ me not smA) from thy prefence y 
and take not thine hohfpjrit from me i It troubled him, ^s before, to 
be kept from Gods ordinances ; but it troi^lcd him an hundred 
times more to be caft out from this ( more entire) prefence; the c^t.S^ 
Church in the Canriclps, when (be miffes her welbeloved, how im- 6. 7* 

f>atient the is ?How-{he runs about the City? How {he hazards Her 
ielftotheblQwesof thevvatchmeri ; and will take no rett till (be 
. have recovbred him ? Thefe fpirituall defer tions are the faddeft 

M things 


9 __ 

t hings tkic can befall to a man : For> there is a fpirituall fmiShntyr 
ofiweetconvcrfationbctwittGodiUKihts, w it fs a death to 
forgoe : they in)oy each other, live in each others fight, impanr 
their counfelseach to other: So then, wedrs^vpnei^t UGti^ when 
repenting us of our former aberrations from Wm we renue our co^ 
venants wich him, put our feWes into an awfiill adtnowledgoaent of 
him 5 ftill feeing Km that is invifiUe j when we grow into dear 
( though tremUing ) aofjaintance wich him; taking pleafuie in 
his company, interchao^hg our duke fufurrium cum Dedy as Bernard 
(peaks, and iodevouring to be in all things approved of hun j, 
This muft needs be a very comforts61e and bleflcd condkion j* Oh 
happy, thrice happy are they that ever they were bom, who have 
ti uly attained to it s It is a tme itdc in philofophy, that every nata- 
rail agent works by a coms^ionj whether bodily,, or virmall ;. 
which the weaker^ or further off it is, the efiicaqr 01 rhe operation 
is fo much the leflc 5 As when wc are cdd, the fire h^^tes us, but 
' not except we<ome wichin the rcadh of it } If we fland aloof off ir 
warmes us fo feebly, chat we are Kcde the better for it } but r£ we 
draw clofe to the hearth, now it fcnfiWy refreCheth us j even dia*. 
alfodotheod himfclf pleafe to impart himfelfto us 5 How ever- 
there is infinite vertue in the Almighty, not confinable to any 
L»f • 3. limits 5 yet he will not put it forth to our benefit, unleffe we ttas 
45* draw near to him ; whottmdgt mty faith our Saviocr, when the 
bloody-fluxed woman fingred but the hemme of his gamient s Lo, 
many thronged him, but cheie was but one that toucht him ; and 
upon that touch, Vertue went out from him to her cure. Hfe 
might have diffufed his vertue, as the Sun doth his beames at a di- 
ftance, to the furthcft man ; but as good old IfMCy that could have 
ble({cdhis£/4«inthefieki,orin the forrefV, yet would have him 
to come clofe to him for his bencdifiionrSo will God have us to draw 
nigh to him, if ever we look for any bleifing at his hands^ according 
to the charge here given^ Dram nigh unto 6m . 

, Now then, that from the re^>eft to the prefeuce of God, we 

may defi:end to co nfider the motion of man : There arc many 

j * wayesofourapprop^hquationto God: this People (faith God) 

drawcs nigh me with their lips, but their hearts are farr from me : 
This is an approach that God cannot abide : this lip-walk may ad- 
vance 0$ to hell ifor our hypoaifie, but it can never prooiove us one 




ihep cowacds Hsma>:God cannoc iabide nicer talkets of td^on : Ice 
them fay Xorv/^ Ii^ri^ : he ihafiaiiiwcxdhcm^/ imir jw mt; De^ 
for^ from me ye workers ef iMUfmiy rlhcicaic tbcc wajfes of oar 
^r4viife^«r2lri0<W»whkhheaaxpcsofAxxnus, On cur feet) on 
ourfaands^and on oor knees: On our feet firft : Keep tbj fmt^A Ecdes. 
SobM&n^»be»dmgieIli0otbeb$MfeefG$d: what are the tcct of tbes. t. 
foul) but the affections? Ihchdo we tberefoce drm m^ to God^ 
whcii we are fo a&Aed to him as we ought s when we come oo htm 
with the foot oii^sacvFesr ihe Lorddlhm Ssinti^ faith the Pfalmill : 
ServeJthe Lwrd m featy Pf. z. femr God MMd defoet from eviUy /aich 
hbSoo5oZ?Aa«Prax/.3.7,.whmwe<piltiema^ with die: foot of 
love i Ifoi^kUmwbmn mjfid lavethy faith dieSpouf^, Csift. 3« u 
when with the foot of de{ke)wfftfaf cmbofiled beset fMteihf» the ri-- 
joy^ I tejoyoed when 1^ (ai^ 

with the foot of confide^.; imhelArdptl my trufl^ kne Aen do 
yefM to mjfoMlyflee hence as a iird to the htOs i . 

j^A^YftresAdram m^toGodoa^ feet of our affections, (b 
alfi>, upon d)e han<k of our anions ;even as JonetifM and his annour^ 
beaser climbed up the rode with ficet and hands : this is done, when 
we perform to God all holy obedience s when we ienre him as 
we ought, both in our devocionii and oia: carri^e % and this is tb: 
beftand trueft apptoximation to God ; walk keftnre me^ faith (?od 
to Ahrd)(My emiUufri^i AfA^ery&kh Peter y ifitbetbou^ M me job. lu 
tome unto tbee ; and afier diat, when he heard it was the Lord,he girt 17. 
his fifhers coat to liim,& cafts fasoielf into the <!?ea,to come to Chrifts 

ffichout this reality of adbn, all our prc^effion is but idle pretence: 
remember our Country-man Bromiard tells us of one, who meeting 
his neigH)oor coming out of the. Church, askt him ; what is the 
Sermon done ? Done > faid the'^ber,No ; It is faid, it is ended, 
but it is not To Coon done. And fticely, fo it is with us y we have 
eood flore of Sennchsfaid, but we have but a few done ; and one 
krnion done, is worth a thoufand ^d, and heard ; For, not the 
hearersof die law,faut the doers of It are jufVified;. and if ye iotow 
thefe things, bki&d are ye if yedo ^cm: Qhrjy hommty sndfaue 
to exjeryoM that worketh goody Rom. 2. io» . 
NoWjthat we may fiipply both daofc other approaches on our ft-et &% 
hands,we i^ u tlie third place,^rii^ /qr^^ 

Ml eamcft 

■/ , 4 




I ■ ■ ■ - 

cameft fiipplkatiom miM v/or Iss CDJ^^ 
^ man wane wifikm (aod this is die bcft impiovemeiit c^ wifibm- 

^^' '* ^ chat may be, to (belter oar i^esaivlcr die winp of dhcAlnas^^ 

mfaimwidi.allbcJyiinpocfimity; Ohdmmy wayesfKtemadeib 
iUred diat I m^K keep d^ flitfiicsrTeaA 

P^ flamKS^andilftiaUkecpkcodbeeiid:*^ 

^ ^ '*vamdmlmay fiar tfaee: Uns kt as feekdie I^oidcady, andh 
fiavendYS and powie out aor faeacis bcfoic bim; kis noc for as- 
lofiardntwecan otfendinan over-bold accede nds dnncof 
Gtaoe, inbomdngto haid m bis meicy^-gate; for^Lo^fasgood- 
iidDEe Imb invited us, and aniouied, oor balli^^ 

\Vhcn^(9)Sfiappfoad)edtotbefaBtmnehd^ facaitdiC«nr- 
wot Btdri f« hecameoBtofcmiofityandwofidcr, noc oncof de- 
vodoD ^ bat> God calk os to tbb appmodi > !&, gvj «r ttm- 
tkriifib come^ Cme t§ me MytthMirsveB^md U hofvy Isdm sad I 
win rffrefb jHi y and tbeiefijic we cannot come widi too naxfa con*- 
fideoce, nor fad of iboccfle in coombs Itisanbolymilwell atam- 
ded ei^xiflnlation) which die PlataiS bath; B§m kagmikum he 
MgrjwahdfjfenfltAMfrajtAi^ implying that whSes we can pcay, 
wcmaynukeJoftacocNBitoffiavodr) and prote6ion ; Sotfaen^ vp^ 
on the teet of our a&dions^ upea the bands of ooraAioiBy iDoir 
the knees of our devotions we mi:^ Jrsm mgh maf GW; Bck uac: 
we may do fo^ OnrcaremnLl be, diat die tindrances of oor^ap^ 
pioochmavbeitoMH*eds And,firftofallrwcnaiftdrawoff fuoEt 
rheWodd; tbatisIikeaiodcofLoad4loiie,^thatdrawes oir Iran 
hearts to it, and holds them dofe to irfelf; lb as it is noc eafih^qnitr 
It isfike tlie Father of the Leviies Coiicabine, that holds as on 
with a pleafing entertainment, cQlthne be a dai^er of mif<acriage 
in die fetum j Bat ye remember, whac the Pfalmift fayes, Hemkem 
O Datttj^fT^smdiompder^ 7 bcmwuft Irgce tbj FsAers homfe ;we moil in 
oor aftdioRS leave the VVorld^ if we would betake oar Ichres to 
God: Taih,(yearereadyiD6iy)weihaUhold inwidi bodi^and 
dowell^nou^ Be noc deceived, Biediien, Ibe love of dieworid 
is enmity with God : Ye cannot ierve to Mafieis, God and Mam^ 
mm : one of them you muftfarTake : AirA§m mudk leave his Jtr of 
t})eCitfldSm, his native Ccontry, and his Fathers hoide, if he w31 
bavedKckarnfionofGodilhc liuelites moligo wr of i^Qpri 



It us. 



difldbc orer r br dc 


.i-T-^ ar. it- 
Iv WKX das. asSt* aiu an: t ^ wg me: xsrv?* . i 

pai&^e, and we^cimris mijr z £:^: a^r^^-^rz r, -rrr v^ •.;: a 




rax ; ^TiT*. an- icnrrr. 
that c^ii y Aeg rg»ari ir ar or ni ^ oft i hjcl ir r :£ iw: ia 1 1: tsr-i r 

itTio drawacir ritL:n afEi'jn ijfr^^ at :^ca: ':ar::, ^^ 

sc mi rz^tirir ii ,2n cr, lOE ar s.^ vj* 
hat prefinz that kn-itt biri. i: s i^ert :: n'rti: ^r Ufv^^ \/r 
wbifflbrs tpfttsc c£ae flci -mrir i axr osrimT w uti: ^.w ^.u 

iiscaseiacK.Ji ^jbezit cc a £:ts artrS^^ a:;^ v:^ «x:^ luiu^ 3'. 


indeed mtoc mJUBcmcBc caa oxiebc coqiIt pGw^dbli m das^ 

JeiT) TT&xaaxs^ ddoacnyjilxieisaodicBGod, fcnr pukcliuii^ 
^dJ doty i ^nd diciticR, iac ns i& wTttdxs cd ilmr b^ to 
laoiy wim€iaicfarocfacrilienaBl|ca0ir«x>be£b f^r dss ^k ler 
fcco ID dowri^bioas irfittcatn khctealapdlof dJiJ ^M^^LM car 
cofaim? YckDQWwhataciaillkisbae^rasletG^^ cor Stiicvfer 
tiisiEefTpaiiKy A^htJideMsmiirakwiA FmiEum 
aod hofvr die praod Httiiee CK^v'd In , irfsa 
trminadbaneviRorhercyeSsasidatiMrSc/lxTl^ Icr de feec 
"^ ^cfChiftiOh^iakb faer^;^fej»v«rra ^rif^ 

as^dieibftxiiigfaBaibdfnlrtcDdxby &arr wnc di^vaoc 
iiGOzbs and vet tfac God of Hcarcii inll drfccad to is fiTliivr^ 

- 1 

XkxIvrCJfaeiuiDiisaswraRtDfaBi \ As&or wi£meR to 
ibdocfaGodtoBs: wixn yeknkqKviyctrs'jtfr, tfyoDfadrsf^- 
onir, kwiiilniiIci^>oorcnagaiD,tfycfilTQ^^ s wCSadojSIb: 
rrcnfi>doifa<jodwvfaus; wuiAeporetfaoD wOc fac nssr« virfi 
chr mercdidl, cfaGOwi!cbciDcicm2!!s wkfaclic uunfjudi oiioK wflt 
ihow div feU'howard s If tfaoaiDns^mTframGod, fetidl sna- 
iKay js ikS fiom chec, ifiimdr0^Bi^MgS9G9dy fcr v^^crvr a^ 

And ha«r win ff«/4£rihr JR^^ fliAi fl^ : In bs Ot^^ 
diencr , in fas Gcaccs InbisAkiaiid Salvaoon. 

In fab Ordounocs ; ForGodhadi^radoiiihras it wcxcnnHs 
pidciioentlKm, asunder dir law, fo no leiie nader dhe Go^vfl ; 

his Faierig Ljm^jhftfeihe L^yExwJ. iS. 12. winr ^as dhtt hoK 
befbRd3eTeftmooyc^l»Pfefence,cheClc^^ AoddhK 

isvety pregnant wfani God hadiJExii/. 29. 40. 71^ fixMBie m cm- 
UamMB. Imrm^mwg thwt^bms yemr Gnser^km^ M tbt dmr ^At Tdfw^ 
mMlttfAt CugregMitm^ tr^artAt L§rJ^ w^ere iw:B nett ia0> U ffoi 
AtremiAAee. Lo ; God oieets m in tir 1k)^ A£tfii)kks ; Mee^ 
lb? yeafiaycsvUmsciieic** ZarK x^ lo. Iht proplKt f^ 


of the dayes of the GafpeH ; Si^snd rejojce ( faith he ) O Davibur 
ofSion ifofy LOy I come snd will dwell in the midfi of thefyfaiib the LcrJ: 
Contrarily, when he whhdrawes from anv pe^^Ie the ordinary 
meansof lalvationhe istiiilyfai4 to depart from them: but this^ 
perhaps, not at once, bat by degiees j as in Ezekieh vifion kc re- 
moves firfi to the threilfiold, and iiom thence to the door of the 
Eaft-gatc iand this I would have yco know to be done, not only in 
a meet (ilence, but ia a comiption of dodrine : not only when faith- 
full mouths are ftopped, but when mens mouths are lawlcfly open- 
ed,to the venting whether of pq)ifli fancies, or fat} ricall inveftives 
againft authority, for you may not think that all difcourfes are 
preaching, or all preaching Gofpell: when men preach thcm;elvc5 
and not Clirift) when they utter their own impetuous fury, and not 
the glad tidings of peace, how {hall we call this the meflage of 
God? No, C^ was not in the winde, he was not in the fire :hc 
was in the foft voice; And he that walks betwiict the golden Candle* 
fticks doth not go away only when the Ikht is quite out, bjt when 
thefnutfbittnsunfavourilyinthcfocketjSWtly, where the fincere 
milk oftheGofpell is given to Gods babes; and the folid meat of 
true Ofthodox and faving dodrinc h fet before the ftronger mcny 
diere God vifits his people in mercy, and is drawn nigh to diem in- 
his holy Ordinance. 

Secondly in his audience, wc ufe to fay, out of fight out of mind;, 
and thofe that are out of diftance what noife fo ever they make, are 
not heard; The ravi^ed virgin in the peldy (siAiGoAyCryedouty snd' 
ihere wasnonetofive her. Deui. 12.27. hut when we come necr, the 
leaft groan and figh is heard ; Thus God, who is never but with us^. 
isrfaidto come neer uL when he gives proof to us that he comes not 
only within the ken ofW neceflities, but within the hearing of the 
foheft whifperings of cur prayers. 

So D^wV every where'; The Lord hath heard my fipphcationy the 
Lord witt hear my prAjefy Pf. 6. The Lord wiU hear )me when I call up-' 
on him : The tender mother is never away from the bed-fide of her 
fick child, but iffhe perceive the dilcafc to grow danojerous, now 
fhe is more attentive, and laves her ear to the mouth of it, and 
liftens to every breathing that it fetcheth; fo doth our heavenly 
fethertous; The Lord is ni^h to aB that caS upon hi m^ faith the Pfal- 
mift : Nigh them indeed, for he puts into tneni. thofe holy defircs, .*r 


. I 


■ » ■ t ■ m »^ * 

ivhicbbe gracioufly hears, and anfwcrs. Contrarily, when that 
Iweec finger of Ifracl findcs foaie ftop made of Ws audience^ he is 
xhon in another tune : HJjerefore hideft thou thjface^ andforgettefi qmt 
affliBh^^ ami our opfrrjpor,^ Pfal^ 44. 24. ftill meafuring Gods near- 
tieflc to us by his regard^ and ( as it were ) rc-eccboing to our 
prayers^ . 

A third, and yet nearer, and happier approach of God to us, 15, 
in his Grace and favour j in the other two (as in his word and in our 
prayers) he may come near us, little to our availe/ He (peaks to 
inany in his word that hear him not,or that hear him to their fiirther 
judgment: Our gofpell is howlocver a fweet favour to God, yet a 
iavour of death un<o d^th tomany a foul, wo bt to thee Cbor^tzan ^ w% 

ie to thee BethfaUa : 

He hears many (jpeak to him in their praters, hut fof their own 
punifhments and lometimes will not hear, in mercy to die petido^ 
Jierj the Dcvill (lies to enter into the Swine, aijd is heard i PmmI 
&CS to be freed from the buffets of the me(Icnger of Satan, and is 
( mercifully) not heard s the Ifraelitcs have Quailes accordii^ to 
their defires, but fauced to them with a vengeance ; But this third 
appropinquation of God, is never other theit cordiall, and benefit 
•cialL It is a fweet word, ImUdtpellamontft the Children oflfraeU^ 
•mdwiU be their Cod ^ Eocod. 29.45. Yea this is true happinefle in- 
deed that God will To dwell with us as to be ours: St. Fsul told the 
At\)enians mo(i tmely ( mn hnge ab umquoque ) he is not far from 
every one of us ; how (hould he, when in him wc live, and move, 
4ind are ? but little arc wc the better for thefe gcnerall favour^, 
< which arc common to all his creatures ) if wc do not findc in our 
felves a fpedall intereft in the prcCcncc of liis Spirit : If he only adl 
on us as a paflcnger, or lodge with us as a ftrangcr, or fojourne with 
ns as a gueft, this can be fmall comfort to us, nor any thing leilc 
then his fo dwelling with us, as that he dwell in us, and that, not 
as an inmate, but as an owner : Know ye not thi^ Chr/fi dweBsinyoMj 
faith St. JPaul , unkjje ye be Reprobates : Know ye not that ye are 
tlie Temples ofthe living God; Hs Temples, for a perpeti^l in- 
habitation of which he hath faid , HerefhaO be my refi for ever : 

Whereupon there will be (ure to follow the fourth degree of his 
^rppropinquation, which is our aid, and fweet experience of his 
mercifuU deliverance. It was out of a full fenfcofGods goodne(&^ 



^ J«J •! 

• • • ^ 


^n ^-ZL T-iT" w- 

■ ■* r 

* • * 

T -L-ri»' - -^ ^ 


fofoonasicisfireicbames aodificbiinies^ itis fire: butin order 
of nature Gods work is before ours, as die caufe before the e&A* 
As we therefore fay4n(33ly, blowthe fire and it will faume s iO> 
plying tluu our blowing doth not make it to be fire but helps to in* 
tend the heat where fare is, (bdoth the Spittt of God (ajrhere^ 
iir4»mgbtoGodsuuihemiOdrmnigfftoj(miOotS^ motion of draw- 
ing to God is the work of God ite that thus drawes our will to himj 
upon our pliant obedience to his will^thus gcaciouily feconds,and re- 
wards his own work in msfo if we draw nkh to him,by his cb^^ 
inggrace> hevWUdraw nearer fiilltous by hb perfecting eraoe. 

^doh, howhappyacondidonisthis, whoioeverhathbyGodi 
mercy attained unto it« What can that man want who injoyes 
him that polftffes all things ? In Ajfrefenct is^fmbeffeofjp, umx 
thePfalmift : as contrarily, in his eficanging of hiimelr fromns^ 
there is nothing but grief and horroun It is with God md the SoiA, 
as betwixt the Sun and the Earth : In the declining of the Year,when 
the Sun drawesa6u off from us^ how doth the £anh moume, and 
droop : how dD the Treescaft off the ornaments of then: leaves' and 
fruit, how doth the Sap of all Plants run do^yn to die root, and 
leave the bare boughs feemingly feare and dead } But at the »- 
proach of it, in dbe rifing of the Spring, all thines (eem revived $ 
the earth deiks her felf in her freih abjliments of Qoflbmes, Itz^ia^ 
flowers, to emenain thofe comfortable heats and infklenoes : (band 
imore is it in the dedinine or j^roach of this all-jslcdous &in of 
r^hteoufneile ; In hb prdence there is life and blefkdnefle, in his 
amence nothing but dolour, difconfolateneile, defpair } if an earth-* 
ly King do but withdrawMmfelf from us for a time,we are troubled; 
bow.jnuchmoretftheKin^ofdoryihaUabfenthiike from us in 
difpleafure. Surely, noditne but our fins can eftrange him from ns; 
0urmiferiesdoratherattra&nimtouss our fins are only they diat 
iqparate between God and us : That we may therefore fhutupia 
fixne applioition ; there is the fame reafon of a parricular &ul, and^ 
efawnoleChuaii; oneofthefeis but an abridgment of the other, 
there is therefore the fame confideration of Gdds abfence from, or 
preience with both : And certainly, if fins can alienate a people from 
God,and God from a people, we have caft our felves miieniUy aloof 
from htm $ For which of nis commandments have we not (hame* 
iullyviobiedi wostae^howisourpatientGod a&omedbyuse- 



It XTl-*- :£Z'^'3r ^ 

x: _ 

^_ -* 





^ — 

dice without thee i Oh, do thou draw usunto thee^ that we may 
come. Do thou enaUe us to draw high unto thee, ^pon the feet. 
of our affedions, upon the hands of our a^ons, upon the knees of 
0ur prayers, that fo thou maveft draw nigh to us in diinc Ordinan- 
ces, in thine Audience, in my grace ancfmerc^, in thine Aid and 
Salvation* M this tor thy mercy falv^ and for thy Qirifb f^e ; 
•0 whom with the?, O Father, and diy good Srttit, one infinite God^^ 
he given all praife, honour,and ^ory now and for even jimcif^. 


■ ■ ¥ ! 






III ■ r iwii I ^^ 1 MiMff I " I - 


R M O N 

Ftcgiht on 



N O r' W I C H 

m ^ 

B> J O S. B. •/ ISL 

■ I '■ Mill ■— i^»^ii— — i<i» m^ 

EP H E S. V-ao. 

■And grieve ttottheholf Spirit ^fCad^ by which yt arc 
feakd to the ddy &f ¥jedempt$tt, 

T^ivas a nde of fome wife Hci^n of old^ That he was ^ 
a great Matter of Mocalicy^ tbithadjearu'd to goveni 
his Toogocj his Gut> his Conaipiiceoce ; thefe three } ; 
And well might it be fo, when Chiiftianity hath fo 
farr fecooded it) as that the Spkicof God hwh fiogled 
out one of thefe for a Ttiail of the reft : He that offends not with 
h^ Tongue is a perfeftMany Jsmesi a.a.^So 9& that tnpHdiy is 
teduced to an Unmes 4Uid indeed if a man hav^ attained to an exaA : 
govetnment of this loofe, and bufie fUine) which we carry \n our ' 
months^ ,itisa^ ^eat atguaoi^t of liis. aUbliftc Mafteribip over 


to 2 

hioifdfin the Other pa^ikulars, wheftupoo it is that the >^poftle 
hath hedged in my Text, with ^s. Charge; Before my Text> in- 
hibiting all comipt Communicauon } a^ it, all Jxctemcfle^ and 
CTamour and e>all fpeaking,4uid beiwixt both, enforctn^ tHis vehe- 
ment, and Heavenly dehoctation : And grieve mt the hoLy.S fir hi In- 
timating in the very contexture of the wocds, that that man can ne- 
ver hold good terms with thd Spirit Jf God, (what profeffion foe- 
ver he nukes ) that lets his to^^e Jppic lo 4>bkeBe and^ filthy 
Comnuinication, or to bitter or Ip^ht^li words againft his Bre- 
chren^, and in thefe words diflwadihg us,4iQthf romtms; 4md all o* 
ther:beforeraentbned.paiticulariti&s of wickedneCle, by an ar^- 
ment drawn &>m unkindnefle, ,look to it 9 for if you (hall give 
way to any ofthefeviciomcoQHes,yeiball gpeve the boh Spirit #/ 
Cod , and that wUl be a ibamefull, apd (infull ingratitucie in jcUy 
forafmuch as that holy Spirit ha^^en (b gracious unto vcu, as to 
Sealeyou to the daj of Rtdemftion^ a motive, < which bow fltight foe- 
ver it may fecm to a camall heart, and by &ch a one may be paft 
-over, an(i pifhtat, in imitation of the carel€& note ofpharachy h%o 
is the spirit of God^ thdt I&ould let my Com^ontgo ?) yet to a reeene- 
rate man <-toiaeh our Apoftle wrhes ) ^it . is tnat irrefiftftle foice 
whereof Nahum ^aks, that rendt the very Rocks before it^ Nihm. %. 
^. And indeed aningenuous^wit fs more moved with this , then 
with all outward violence. The Law of Chrift both conflndnes, 
and reflraines him, conflnnnes bun to all good Aftions, and re- 
ftrainesiiim ibm all ^ill^ The good Patriark Ji;^^ when htt 
wanton Miffareile foliated him cober wicked luft ^ Behold ( (airh he ) 
My Mafter httb committed all that be hath to my hmd^here is ntme greyer 
inhis ho§ife then lyneitherhathhekfpt back i^Aifig from mty but Aee^ 
becagi/e thou art his w^Cy bow then cm t do this great wickedneQe^ and 
finagainftGody Gen. l^. 8. y. wherein ye fee, he hath a douole An- 
tidote for her poyfonous (iiggeftion, the one, his Mafters favour 
and truft, which lie may not violate, die other, the offence of his 
God : Tp/2]piGr knew he could not do this wickcdnefle, but he muft 
brins plagues enough upon his head, but that is not the thing, he 
ftands uppn fo nn]^,as the fin againft God, A Pilate will do any thing 
rather then offend a Cefar^thsLt v/otd^hou art not dfars friend if thou kt 
him go {John. 19.11.) ftrikes Jthe matter dead : Thou art not Gods 
ixicndif thou entertain tfaefe fins, cannot jbut be prevalent with a 





goodhcart) and bear him 00c agabft all Temptadons ; and chts is 
tbefocceofoiirApoftles inference here, vrtia after dhe encniienicioiit 
of chat Uack Catalogue of ^uis, both of the whole man, andefpect^ 
ally thofe of the Toc^^, infers^ Ami grieve mt the baif Spirh of 
Gody wbereiy je sre Sealed te the i%H of Eedemftion: The Text yoir 
feeisa dehortatorychaige to avoid the offence of God, whereuf 
wehavetheAft, and |(he fubjeSk, die Ad:, Gtievemty thefub|ed^ 
(etforch by his Tide, By his Merit; \i^TvdeyTbeh1j Spirit tf Gody^ 
lUs Merit, and our d>iieatton chence aiifiog, Jjf wbmje $refesled to 
the dm of Redemftion^ : Sc fubjeft is firft coa&krable, both in Nature 
and A^: asthiat, the kno\i^g and refped whereof dodi both 
moftdiflWade us from the otkncty an^ a^avare it, when it is com^ 
mittcdp. The holy Spirit of God: whidi wnenwe have (honly oiedi*^ 
rated on apan, we (hall joyne together by the A& inhibited io this* 
holy dughortatioo. 

That this is particularly to be taken of the durd perfon of the 
bleiled Trinity, to whom this day is peculiarly devoted, therecan be 
no doubt s ffoD both the Title is his. The hohSmit of Sody not abfo«». 
lutdy, God^ who is an holy Spirit, but thd noly Spiitt of God ; and 
(he efkSt attr^ou ted to him is no leife proper to htm ^ for as the con- 
triving of our Redemption is afcribed to me Eather^ die atch^ingi 
of it to the Son : 5o die Sealii^, confimung^and applying uf it to^ 
the Holy Ghoft. Theife are many Spirits, and thole holy;^ and thofe 
of God, as th^ir Creator, and Owner, as the. enuoierable Com- 
pany of Angels, mid the Spirits of Juft Men naade perfed -fftbr. in. 
but this is fet forth, as Z^at^'i^ notes well, with a^ double Article,. 
(t> m?m# T^-f/itr) that holySpititv by a tranfoendent eminence,, 
by a (ingulanty, asthat vi4ich is alone, . TJif holy SpirhofGod. 
' Now, why the tbicd Perfon (bouki fpeciaily be denominated » 
Spirir, a title no k&^ bebngii^ to die Father, and the Sm, to 
tile whole abfolute peity ,. as being rather El&nrial, then Pcrfond,. 
or why an holy Spirit^ ^cei Holing is as tiulv^ EflentiaU to the o* 
therPci^oii)S^, as their very being: Ot^ why bcii^ coequal and 
caoeflcntial,. wichGod the Father, andtlk: Son, he thoukl be caUed^ 
the Spirit of Qxi, thoQg^htheynQighr()^cmpoin0itiddent into the 
Day ; yet, becauTetlney aie Catedietical nead», Ihold it notfo' 
$tto d'weUin thfm, at this time.- Only by the way, '^ive me 
kaue »%,.tba«itMbeeo Inppy boih&une Church of. £;i^£<ff^ 





ingenerai, and thU DBKefTci in :panxidar,:tfaaC'4bc'& Catecfaecidi.* 
$»-c firccpait .dicn they inve betni ati^taSd^ 
vvbtch ape oiQft iife&U« and : aeotSaty for tbe,.ec6undifig e£)Goifo> 
P«opieJn.ibeprinc^lcs<>£iA'vit|g Domin^i anoJ dsould eanwfl^Ji 
eichort thbroat mf Bieiin£aof tM^Motiftty, that-h6ar me chts d^j 
ithattheyvk«oi^aitfaeteportkwsaad di^^ times, befidchdv< 
labours thh way, as that which laayiie ioaoft e&dhiall for the fedin ' 
of theSoules^ thdrheaeessiti th« groutids «f nue Bet^^ien, tl«»i 
they niay iiot iae cakiied about imihr: every wiiiie.ol> JXiaarine- 
. ( « i» mCm* i^ «4^?»' ) in iche-Cockboat ^^ens fandesjas the iWome • 
^akjs but this by die ways lOtaUnow oiilytieg^ £> Mudiofilie- 
Perron, as may and MRd^t to ^ dehottackio from the Jli^ ^/Wiv 
Wi&r hofyspirit 9ftSocli and cwedy nodoa of itaddt^aibveial wid^, 
.asa:Spkit,JU dief^oof Gbd^^as.ihe:Ap^.^/w^>0^' ' . - ^ 

It is a tulc not capable of contradi^ons thatby-howmudh^niiMe 
excclIencthePerion, fotnaduiKse hiinposis the olfence dmie to 
Jum? Asto offend an Officer is. ( in the eye of the. Law )tnore• 
thentQ;c&Iida^pnvttte5l439c£l:,>a^b^tftcate,oIIl<llle diraan ia&i»* 
ourOCKcer^ al^eiQinKetfaenaMagiftiiate Cfwthat is 5^4»Mm 
>^4^Ar<tf«m) aPcincetnore'then a Peere, a K4onatcb more then* 
Prince x Now in verynature^^ptdt is moteexceUenc thnia Body^ 
Could fend you higher, but if we do but look inw our owntxeaftsywe 
ihall fibde the dioctcence :: There it^ JSfmtin Mm, (a^ £|nhw, 5^f 
}2. Z.The Sfirii4fM»',is Mthe CMdJt of db^r£«n/^(aith VVife S^lmui^ 
f.rov, 20. ft 7.withQUt which the whole Houfe is all dark,andcon(ui(bd; 
Now, what oomparifon is there betwixt the Soul, whKh is a Spitir,' 
and the Body which ii Fk(fa, ovon chift, which:Wi]fe Sokma infiah* 
ceth in, ixOf fcwe for all, T^^rit of a Mum fifths bis. hfimitieii 
hid Abounded ipirit w^ cMifhtAf ?>Xo^ the£ii»dy hel^ to bceed in- 
fimu'dcs, and the Spirit bears thcrnxxit } to which add s tlK Body 
'Withoutthe Spirit isdeadj the Spirit without the Body lives mote t 
k is a iad W(»d of t>a^uly^«Aioti fieconphuncs t My Iknes are vexetk 
^f, 6.x;0id tieavisto tny tkin, Pftl <i o £« ^. yet dll tlim h fi^eritAc, 
fth rcfpedof thats'il/y Spim fdU^^t:yM) Spirit HweiiMited 
mthinme^wfhemwi^nmeisdejl'olmei rfiil. 143.4. thdy were (bte 
ftrokesthat&tcbtHoedofotH: blefled Saviaurybut ^ley were 116- 
thino; to thefe inwatd. torinents .doaf wnlog frMt fii^ the blobdy 
iWeac in his Agony; wfafin he iai^ ^tfiy fbt^ is- ('«<Ww ) ^^^ ^ain4 



rfaeDeadi; tabid ^¥t ceneetve ehtt the Body cotoldbc a-rixi .? 
3mih wtlMi tht Sftttt, (» indeetlichivx, Gnce the K>iyf.i*.{ 
iniyl^che S(«^)thflrt {wm were puokOc-^ i^ wc art V:rc :t, 
hit the Spine feckmotc esquifite pttrrwithocir chc lod^ in (be ft::« 
/fepttaoeo troOi i(, ^& it cdM &ei io cfie /orfaer conju-ct;^ 
ncbifiy andths w(o««rchtt mtoM i» die Soof, h mote ha):vcs 
iiEntlMtiMittchctttibefiiffiflrdoir (he Body: lif ham tncch dxn 
aoeepcot, fiB^^/>ct/^ exeellem die Spirtc is whom Krof- 
cnd y by f(> ndi OdiepievottiBtheQfftrAcc; too^Krnd chc^n. 
^v& »y gocMlMdn ( one of Cllirifts linle ones ) h fo hainous chjt 

t^iMHfik kttm if Hie Se^ Mgt, r 1 A 

TaaStadaa Mgcf (whkR is an hkfier J c g ir c <^ (jprnajaVny) 
s MOMi^ to vet dte Spirit of ^ ben nun; SMfnmtthjmmtkr$ 

^4$}tJ^ 5. 6* Hence S(. ^ivlhei^ens his aidjaradoa to 7imcd>j^ t 
I far w /fc# Stffre ifcy Ifeg ^«<)igH!y> t Tim. 5.1 1 . And|^gonkr for 
lieaeceneimKameof m ^orrafArM 'Women m^ Ccvigrc- 
anon, tetjCBiess 7%4t^ (bMr&lft«vrfa»«r«gl ^/r ke^d, ie<safk^ 

Ta^iSeiiAABchecthtCaJ^of^mts, the Father JAefcfpi* 

fo mkhtfore as He I's above thofe his b^ Grcatnres ; and there 
camocbeib much <lKhmoebetwltt die pooieftworme that irawlct 
n the £a?dii and die tsoOi glotioDs Archangel of Heaven, as t\ierc 
kheeMHtxhsOky and his Cieator: Otie would chink now, there 
couldbenofte^bi^beTchendtSi yetdieteis} oar Savkur bath fo 
ta]f^u&«>d)»ngDii!bo£fins, t^ftttjeOsos, Ai numr tf [tn tai 

Chif^m mt U forgiven, Mjitb, 12.31. and Mmrc, 3. a^. Not that 
MKecanfin^ainftone^etfon, and not otfend atiother; for their 
€ftnoets faorone 3 buti^fiais&t^dour, for a fpecial obftni£ti« 
on of fbt^venefle, for diat iris done a^ainft the tllaminadoR, and 
inftiei^ofthatdnicej whereof the H^Gboft is the ifomcdiate 
f^ver, and woikerin ^ Sbcrf, who is dietfore called theSpritof 
Ctace .* hereDpon is Stmens challenge id the Atf-neckcd jews, Aa^ 
7. ^u te do dhfnntti^ft^boly Cho^ : And hischacras to Anma$^ 

ii%jh^SftmfMi>j\nttniht9»e Btlj Ghi^^ ABU ^. V ^^^ 

O ^ 




then how this charge rifcthj and what force is put into it, by the- 
condition of the Pmon. A Spirit, the holy Spirit, the holy Spirit of 
God, enough to make way for the confideration of the A£t inhi* 
bited : Orieve not the bolj Sprit of God : 

Grieve mty ^c. How incompatible arc the termes of thk charged 
That which makes the fin (as it is fet forth) mope finfidl,. may 
fceni to make itimpoffiUe } Ifa Spirit, how is it enable of paiCon? - 
and if it be fmp^flible; how can it be grieved ^ Alas, we weak 
mortalls aritf fubjeiS to be hurried about with every blaft of p&ffion .- 
The Ahnightv is above all the reach of thefc uncjuictperturoations, 
Lo, that God, which mercifully condefcended (becaiife his infinite 
;lory tranfcends our weaknefle) to fpeak unto us men, by man, aiid 
vy Angels in the forme of Men, fpeaks to us men in the%Je, and 
lai^guagc of Men : Tvw) wayes dien may the Spirit of God iJe iaid^a- 
be grieved, in Himfelf, in his Saints \ in himfelf by m Antkr^fs--^ 
thie ( as wt callit j ) In hb Saints by a Sjmfsthiei the former' is by 
way of Aliufion tohumaiic paffion, and cjurt^e i. fo doth the Spirit, 
of G6d uponoccafion of mens fins, as we do, when we are grieved* 
with fome great wrong or unkindneflc. And what do we then > 
Firft we conceive an high diflike of, and difpleafure at the Ad j; 
Secondly, we withdraw our countenance and %our from the 
pfiftnder 5 Thirdly, we infliA fome punifliment upon the oflbice \ 
and thele are (dl of them > dreadful! exprcffions of th^ g^^ving of 
Gods Spirit 5 even thefe three, difplcaf^ffe, avcrfioft,, punSSnr :: 
Forthcfirft,fyitcxpreflethitbyvc3Wtton,£^^ 10. A place fo 
much more worthy of obfervarion, fur that fome judidous inter* 
preters, as Revere^id. Calvin^ ZMcbius^ tugnine^ and CorneUm a 2^-. 
fide think very probably, that this tpxt t^ forcowcd from thence 

AndtheyrelelUd a^yexedt'he Spirit of hu^ fucb 

an Aa is intimated, as comprifeth both grief and Anger, furcly,- 
we do not think it fafe to irritate the great 5 and.if it be but a man, 
4 little bigger then our felves we are ready to depiwate his difplea- 
ibrc 5' but if It be a man, that is both great and dear, to u^*witfr 
whom we arc fain out> how unquiet are we (if we have any good 
nature in us ) till we have recovered hii loft favour j do ye notice 
with what importunity good P4^^^^^ feeks to appeafe the wrath of 
his mcenfed rathcrin Law y none of the bcft. men and cauieleflu 

i« ^MiW— »— M>Ma*Mi 



5)rovokcd? Let my^ L9rd the Kifig bear the w^ds of his Servant i If 
the Lord have' fit rred thee upagMniime^ let him accept m offerings 
hut, if the) he the Children of meny curfed ie thej hefore the Lord : 
And even Jo/lyto Brptiaren, ( thoi^h fo iU-natur'd) that theynxDuld 
eiat and drinkj^ whillk their Brother was crying in, their pit) yet at 
laft ( as doubtlefle they haddotac ere then) they come with humble 
proftrations^and paflionate' Supplications to their Brother, we pray Gen. ult. 
thee forgive the trefpaffe of the SerVMtt of thy Fdtfyers God : *whac 
fpeak I oF thefc ? B/en Mfobm him(c\fy (though he foon after car- 
ried a, Traitor 'm his bpfonae) how earncftiy he (bed for his r^ftoring 
to Ills fathers long denyed presence, and out of his impatience, cau- 
fed Jodh to pay dear for the delay I Oh then, how (hould wt be af- 
fciSed with tHc fence of the difpleaftirc of the holy Spirit of our good 
God, who as he is oar beft friend, fo he is a moft powerful avenge r 
of wickedncffe : Sorely, we do fo vex, and fadaen him with our 
grievous provocations, that he cryes out, and makes n!ioan of his 
infufferable wrong this wkyytho^hafl nisdeme toferve mththjfini^and 
wearied me with thine. imqMitieSy Efa: 43; 24, and Amos r . 13. Behold 
I am prej^ed under jm as a cart it prej^edy tl^atis full of Sheaves i 
even 10 mil that the Aieltrec creaks, and h&nds and crocks again. 
it muft heeds be a great weight that the Alm^hty complaines of s 
andfiu?elv fo it'is: could oiir offences be terminated in men, 
and not llrike God thorough them, we might well fay, that all the 
outrages, and affrowfs that we cOdd put upofiU world of mcnjwerc 
nothing to the leaft violation of tlie infinite Majeftie of God j and fo 
doth the God^againft whom they are committed take thcmj by how 
much thore tender the part is> fo much moic painiiill is the blow^ the 
leaft wipe of the eye troubles . us niore then a hard ftroak upon the 
back; it is eaiy to obfcrve,that thermorc holy the perfoh is, the more 
he IS afflided with his oWn,and with others fin: Le>t vexed his righte- 
ous Soul with the unclean convcrfetion of the Soddmites i Davids 
eyes gu(bt out rivers of waters^ becauf^ men kept not the Law, how 
much morethen, fh^ the hplylfSod ( from vm^m thefe good men 
receive thefe toq^esotG^dly indignation ) be Vexed to fee ahd hear 
our profanations of his name and dayes,our pontempt of his Servants ^-f 

and ordinances, our debauched lives, our Malicious and opprcffivc ^^■ 

pra£tifes, our wilfuU difobediences , our (hamef ull excefles, and 
' ^ncleaneflcs, our uncharit4>}e .cenfurcs of each other, and all that 

O 2 World 





Worid of vyickedneflc, thtc we are ovetbome . ^ _. _ ^^_ 

vcrbMcaniuiple«0v9p«£Qoa) the reft have Tone Ufe «iS^coii^>nc- 
ment in them. Not only love, ipd joy ( wjhich ufeth to dQate and 
chear the heart ) Uueven hacoed |c m, to a rancoroii&floinack, hath 
a kiiuk ofwi^M pkafiifie in icsbnc gcief ts ever ht^fbj and tedkos > 
P»/0r ft one of 3c. j^afftim two tomeators of Maakipde. And ftiafl oul 
Timtr^ ^^^ cellos. That we have grieved the jEood Spim of 4jod by our 
fins, and (hall not w« be grieved aconr (elves tna^'we have graved 

him} HowcwithpMbe^nytnicfcnfcof heaventylovcjandcMti- 
oideiau^, ifwe^liotchoiK3iighl]rlaimbicd,aad vexed witfam our 
(elves t9 f huik that we have angrcd (b good a. God ^Howcaa w« 
chooreb«c ruai? QKc ia (he unquieacfle^ ot our fonlcs, vwth tl^ holv 

mgm vvw m Mrf, ft m besuy hrdmdtey m l» hetvjfvr vie u hesr 
?A 38.^4f>r«»ly,«iiafig«?ofa gM«leftSoifl to be fecutr! 
andeheefhUlqpdera kniwafiii : thacMan tl»e can ^em foundlv' 
after a nwrder, te ^m gisMMoeny <;hccks to Ns Confcicnw after A, 
jia of adplcery^ theft,,* aw fnchgdcvoiK eriQies,ha(h a»hffart in- 
f«?nfible of |oodRefle,.aad may pnwc a fit brand forheB. This i& tbar 
wherew^y>jiigcaiifi, Inthalfa^, didth LordefiMh^aittmJSf 
sMUimfimi^t9f>ay»4e^u,g^i^ mthfickebth i$mtJM 
jwjl MdgUd^eSe, fl$jtng «j Qxm, amthmt^ ofSke^f, esting Fkfh, ^d 
^nhngmm..U4. >*.!», 13. But k foMowes v^rxv sJt^thk 
iMf^9>^9«khfmtit4t,ttyei^e,,verf^t^,. thefeannhcy that fa^i. 
Uir» fallowed iQQ0 afcrr s Thm mmMtwkkdtahfhslt^n B<£p: 


ktubemhiw, aswthfGBiegoodnantt'dChadmi, whomlhavc 
ftrcn, ^v?n after *ejr whippiiigs «n<^t, tfll wfth thefr continued' 
tears and impocwnwfS *cy have made ilicir ocacc vwth their of- 
fendedparenti >W thus iniKhfi» the difWeafeewJbajn irTtlSL 
grifevipgof tte^wofqod, which Bw^goes z)J^hUli^ 
leaded by thfifetwe other awfequeBtefiefeK/WetSra and Puni£^^^ 

Asthoje thcrefof*. whicfa fccnt an unTayoiy breath, ttmie their 
hea(te:aade>i JWa djofc great andaood sneftB. whn ««,<• r»v.«,r.K^ 


■ f 



91 ufcdy change their Inn i fo dochthe boly Spirit of God^ upon oc*- 
caiicMi of our wjlfull fmsy turne away his £stx^ and withdraw 
his prcfcnce .* In 4 little wrsih I hid mjfscefrm tbee^ faith God, Efa.. 
54. 8. This good Dwid founds and complained of} Thou turned A #« 
ws^ th%f4ce md lw» trMed^ ffid^ 10. 7. And again ( as if ha fouxl^, 
Idt C^ would be qmcc gone» upon thofe his horrible fins of Adut- 
oery^ and Murder ) he «ryes out paflionatly i Oc^^me mt smajfr$m 

is that which Divines call,: ibq?ituall defertion, A courfe 
WluchCod takes, not feld«aie> when ne fiqds a kind df redivenefs 
and^pe^edia bis Servant^ or paibge given to fome baynous fin^ 
a^wift the cjiocksof confi:ieaor> where he intends cbrredioii, quick- 
iung^ vd redaautk>n3. the Spooie in the Cantkles^ becaufe {he (^ 
pened not inftantly to her Beloved^ findes. her felf difappointed^. 
limned to mt Sehved^ tnt my Behvedhsd widadr^twen him felf ^ Md^ 
wnigmty a»amy Smt failed me : C4«f, 5. 6. Ttisis no* otber^. theiy 
wemuftinakearaaimtofy^axidwUcbC^^ any acquamcance 

with God, and' our felve^ ) in our daily eicpertenoe, we have 
foiind> and 

iliac very A&tbe spirit is grieved^ 
ced: neither cairwe ever exped comfort in theienfiii oT bis leturn^i 
or hope to have his face mine upon usagain^ till we have won« 
farm €0 us, and recoveied his. favour, by an unfaiiied' Kepech- 
tanoe;. ^ ' . 

Is tliere any^of as theiefare that hath ^ieved: and eftranged thc^ 
iofy 5pint frov^ us, bv any known offence, it muft coil us watme 
water ere we can recover luQft, and the Ik^ of bis countenance i^ 
onus, neRherktus be fpariogof our Tears to tHspurpo^ 
^«inmim9ioi^xSbt9^^ ^ ear eyes, let no Pdpi(UDo^t 
prevail to.tbedbatemientoftbishdyfocrowrtbofe men, out of a 
pro^lSon of ffiuch outward rigour and auftcrity, do tinder hand ^ 
By their dodiinc fkcken the teines of tiue penitence to their clients : ^ 
Comriti$^Vehemi(fsy&c.Op^€Afkfi tO;);>lpt out' 

sinyHn^ U never (b bavnpuSi ia^iji' t^tr learned Cardin^U T^teth: 
W their Jefuite MddM^e^ to the fame cffod:i M perfeRicnm' 
sty,&c^ To tbcLperfc^a'pfptnitencc is required oHcIya^ 
ind of; ttwardf<;xrrow> wherein Icannot beuct re(en(2ble 
I, then to fiaiorous, or induTgent^Chiruigians, that think to- 


1 I o 

— ■ — • . - ^ 

plcafurc the patient, in not fcarching the wound' to the t^ottotti 
forwhiclikindncffc^ they fhaU receive little thank at the laftj for 
the wound hereupon fellers wichin, andmulk colt double time^ and 
pain in the curt ; Whereas thofcfolid Divines, that eiCperimentally 
know what beldngs to the healing of a fijintng Soul, go thorough 
ftitthto Work j ihforhucK aS Catdihall Bellhm'me^ taxerli it, as too 
fnudrjligour in CiiJ^'erp Cilvin^ and Cf^mnttii^y that they require 
^MagMm animi cdnc'ufionem^^L great concuffion of foul, and a (harp 
and vehement contrition of the penitent, Fotus, let us hot be nig- 
a;ardly.of oQr %rovi^^butin thefd 'ckfes,gp'fn6urrang^^alj fl^ d;^loi^i 
Sec hoW the' ^pir/tof'G^e^ti^^^^ \fbey -fbatl 

^oume as one tha> 7ifoynHhfprhh'6mlj%yt^ and fhatl he injtinerHtJfe^ 
'at one that is in i i tf erne fs for hisfirfi Barif^his is a Repentaiice never to 
he rcpcnizdofyBleJled are they'll tf)Hs}^^^ fortbey fbatt le coni^ 

^ ' This averfibnispuniflimbftfenot^^ to- 

tallj^andfiiiall, ( as it i$ not ' lo ' Cods own Children ) it were the 

imart ^f the offender, Mj j^hundsftir.kandarecfhrupted^^^^ ofmj 
fiioUjhnefSy fafth the Pfalmift , Pfal. ^Z. 5. I amjtteat] of mgroanin^y' 
Pfal. 6. 6. And if the moft righteous cannot avoid tnis fore hand o£ 
the Almidity where fhallwillfultfinriers appear? Thcfeeffe^s of 
<jods difplcarute then arc fuch, as arc worth . trembling at ; It is 
trucj as ttikt wife Pagan faid (afpeech worthy to be written in Let- 
ters of G6ld, and that which I"doid>t not mall be in the day of 
Judgment laid in the dilTi 6f many Millions of profelfed Chriftians ) 
p Omnes P^eoSy hominefqu^ ctlare j^ojjimmy nihil avare^ nihHinjuftey nihil 
\bidmfe;' nihil incoraineiair^ f^i^ndkm : 't)^^ our 

a<ftions fr6fn God ahdmen, yetwcniay do nothing cbvetoufly, 
nothing unjufttly, nothing luftfully, nothing ijicontinently. Who 
would nofbe aftiamcd to near this fall from an Heathen, when he 
feeshoWrtianyChrrftiknsKve .(but it is moft* true's A good man 
dare itot fin, though there were no Hell 3 bqt^ that holy ind wife 
God, thafknoAveshow fturdy and headftrong. natures he hath to 
dowithall, findcsitneceflarytdJet men feel that he hath ftore of 

jThundeibolts for finners, that he hathMa^jazins of Jrtdgrocnrs, and 

■- ■ .^ ... -^ '\u ^ .1-7 . . ,i4. ^sftef 


after al^ an Hell of torments for the rdxllious s and indeed we 
cannot l^t yield it mod juft, that it (houkl be for. If bat an: cquall do* 
grieve and vex iK,wc are readv to give him his own^ with advan- 
tage, and if an inferidur, we Kill upon him with hand, and tbri^uc^ 
and are apt cocruftihimto nothing, and even that* worm, when he 
is troden on^ will be turning again } how can we, or why (hould We 
think, that- the great and holy God will be vexed by us, ahd pocket; 
up all, our indignities ? If a Gnat or Flea do bt}^ fting thee, thou wilt 
kill it, and thiiikeftirgood juftioe, yet' there is. fotiic'proportion be- 
twixt chefc Creatures and' theey but What art thotf ( filly nbthin^)' 
to the Infinite f We men have devifed varieties of punKhmerits tOfr 
thofe that offend our ki\ys : Artaxerx^ his decree mcniiohs ^ur 
forts :J>eMtby BMijhmemty Cenffuthtry ImpriJ^meOtyEzriLi'j^t^'^ 
And ( which perhaps you will wonder 'at)^comnifd5 the maiteihg; 
of juftice in the execuoon of thdn all> to^ £ir4 thc.1?ri(fft : ifie Ro- 
mans ( as 7i«i7jf telh us J had' eight feverall ktndesr of puoifhmcni?' 
for their delinouents : Forfeiture, Bonds, Stripe$,Retaliation,Slmmc^ 
Exile, Servituae, and Death. God hath all tnefe .double over ; and^ 
a thoufand others: for the Firft which is Forfeiture,here is the ForFcy. 
turc of no leflc th^n all. Take fronrhim the pound, faith the MafU i/ 
concerning the unfaithfidl fervant, Luc. tp. 24. for the Second,, 
BondS) here arc the moft dreadfull Bonds that can be,even everU^'r^g^ 
chaines ofdarknefsyjude : 6. for ^tripes, here are manv Stripes for 
the knowing and not doLigfcrVant,L'/r. r2.47: for Ketaliation, it 
i& here juft and home, it u jufi with 6ad, to re/uier tribulation to tkfe 
that trouble jour 2 Thiff. r. ^.for Shame, here is confufion of face, 
J^A^. 9 • 8. fw: Exile, here is an everlafting Banrftimen t from the pre- 
fence of God, Mattb. 25. 41* for Servitude 5 here is the moft odi- 
ous Bondage, fold under fin: Xonti 7, 14; for Death;' here is a' 
double deathra temporal and eternal : thefe, and niore then can 
be expreflcd are the confequeiits of Gods difpleafuire : If thou loveflf 
thyfelf therefore, take heed, above all things, of grieving thy 
God with thy (ins, and if thou haff done fo, Haueir thy rccoiialia- 
rion, agree with thine adyerfary in the way, elfe trfbalatfon and an- 
guifh upon every foul that doth evill 5 thy grieving* of him, fliall* 
ond in weeping ,and wayling, and gnafhipg, for our Coi is a cor^fu- 
min^fire. , : .>« 

Aidheic now ( tharj* may turn your thoughts* a fettle afide* 



«all CO a osLiiaaa^ gcitvin^ of Cods Spiric ) I ^ 

3Quad&ofcho& beavy judgments, nodes whkbwe' Ittvo 
gj fwaouis, andgafping, tathepia> and afloaith- 

^. -or k^ envyuig Aekhbouchood j^ eteo thit didftroy^ig^ 

4md dievauriagiwbcda alas, nxy Bebvedi we have QfiKv^dxmtmDod 

4jk^ l^ our havnous Oos ot allibrtSjiaad flow we iajs^y feeftfac 

Jbeavy cibi^ ci bis di^afiire ^ we have 'waned againtl Heaven 

^wichoiiruugaidcsi^apdpowki^jui^wich God to-tta^ t^ w« a* 

eainilus^ in ooc o«n-B.»Vi?Us.^ U wts^he Mocio- cW w»; woot tn 

^ wfkteniipQiMfac Scodtkcanc^at the eniM<ging. of ^ar lUAlt 

Ntmme iu^utie LMe£JeLy Kone raaUfc^icee) riiK|)i»iitAcs or i 

&iel^tc tsa wotd cHi|( well fits, tbeOmmpoMafaanAiMMal: frfttry ^ 

.and power o£HeaKes$,W£liave pimokedtliM totwoad^ atMfetheie- 

' £oi£ cokildjiflt^o^ Eoavoidaieaff^ jodgneniswio i»aic^tie faare 

Aiade6i]rieke&cQeQue& to Qodiy \af. our ia&eUi<»s ftn,; ifam^ 

thus fiitb ihe lvd% the Li»d af Bo^tbi^ -^^bty em- •f Ifiraelt Jk 

J mil t4^ nti 1^ m^, tdate^At^y^ttd, sMi^'m t^ mm Emmes^. 

IhoKC thi^ thexc 4ec 'iax aggravate the ^tx^vAkcAa^t. 
<hac. Cod faattxtaken at our cfau$iGrieiiag,cf tun .*^lis&dsannefics>; 
4«r Iimigenacnts, his Eacpcdation-^ wine«MrapeopIet6a»Godliad. 
no wncprometuediiy uisiavaars, ifaufae.tiBd.donc tsAimixvc^ 
dnocc dial for therav%eNanoas;«£tlMf:WoKld) futciydse God o£ 
li?aven hadnot takcnit ib deeply Golxm ihaasttm^ tbuhe: lUtb 
ibeenoborekind to «s,xbeBtoanfrNaa|ta under Heaveo:^ howdocb' 
he call Heaven,and£aixh to^eooed of^the jufbeflfe o£ is- h^ ie» 
^ettficMO^£Mieni/u$difeMke»Or£4fth^f»tlk Lvd^Bhi^ h^ 
fftken. lhM)ejmfiif^Md:hM^MftClnUmtmd:aejUm)e 
M»i»B. mi Efj,M.%, and^xcdkndy Jmm*, & 3 1« fi» geiterjitMhfi^ 
^e fMrd^ibe Lord: hsw 1 iitwAmUetmepu<J^mli a Imd^tMt^ 
Mffi therefore k. foll&wes^BehtldlmilfiesJmithHut, tw. jj. 
NeitfaaatcmindeaitBcmsofus, mocis wmmt insmemeins ta 
liiais, tor whatMadonin^l the Woddhachiitiadea mote riortoa^ 
profeifioajofthe name of CoidjtheB this ofoois^ WharCfancfatuv> 
der the cope of Heaven, hach been hkimi ismaas,. and; flooiifldaar 
Bid we not pretended to. hottnefssandpitrmi! of oelttioo. evcn^be- 
yond othctSjdbe unkindnefs had teen the lefle : now, our unanfifier- 
4Ucoc0ecalIs>God to theh^hcft^prott&^ioIl;o£hfe^o0Baoe».lr^ 





ni^edO IifMV€0Sy andie homtlj dfirduly Le ;r very def(^U:e^ faith the 
Lordy for mjfe$fle hdve committed tm o evils 5 tbej hAVfi forfakcM. me 
the FoMfJtdin of livinj^. wMerS^atui hdve bemen them otU Ciflerr*eSy breken 
Citlcrnes that cm hold no wdtery Jer^ 1. 1^. Aiid who is fj iUnd as my 
/erri/4^n£/4.42.i9»Nowaccordijig to his Indearmcncs, and ouc 
Ingagemencs hath been his jufl expectation oFan anfwerabk carriage 
oi us cowards him: the Husbandaian looks not for a 4Top in tbc 
wild defart) but whet e he hath Gooded, and plowed, and Earcd^ 
and Sowne, why (hould not he look for an harvell? Ami this difap- 
pointment is a ^tt hetjghtner of his g^iefe> n^tat could I have dor^ 
more for my yineyard^ J have not done ? / looked for grapes^ a/ui it 
hromght forth wildgrofes. Andmw I will tell yoitwhat I mil do to my 
yinejirdx I wiU take May the hedge thereof y oftd I. will lay it w a Si : 
Efa.%. 4,s*VVoisine9 we do not hear, but feel God making his 
fearfull word good upon us ; I need not tell you what we mfiFer} 
the word ofJE/kjf is fulfilled here. It fhall le a^vexmoM oneh to un- 
derfiandtherefortiEfa.!^. iq. Alas we know it mo well, what 
livers of blood, vf hat piles of Carcailes are to be feen on all fides, 
would Godl could aseafily tell you of the Remedy 3 and why cani 
not do fo :? Doubtlefle, tneie is a reooecfy no Idle certain, then our 
fu^ring,ifweiudbuttheg»cetoufeit^ too long, alas;> too long 
hate we-drivenoif the appfyiagofourredrers i.yet even fiill tiierc 
is Balme in Gileady ftill there is Ix^ yea ai&rance of help ; if we 
will not be wanting to our (elves: we have grieved our God to the 
lie^ht. Oh that we could^efolve to make our peace with ouc pro- 
voked God at thelaft. Excellent is that o(Efay. tn. 5. t^ him take 
Mdofmy ftrenffhy and make Peace witbmey aid he fvall make ftace wi^ 
with me^^ Oh that we dould take hxAi of our (brong Hciper,who is 
mighty to Civej tlut we would lay hold on the (kengm of his maiveV 
loos mercies : Oh that we could take Benhadads caar{c herej as they 
faid of the Kins of Ifracl much more may I lay of the God of Ifrael^ 
He is a merciflu God, let us put iackdoth upon our lovnes^and ropes 
Jjpou our heads,and go to the God of Ifrae^and (rjyThffervants fa^yl 
pay thee ktas liveyi jr.20.3 i.Oh that it could greive us thoroughly , 
that we hav^ ^reived fo good a God:that we could by a found and fe»- 
iious humiliatioff, and hearty Repentance recondle our felves to that 
offended Majefty ; we (hould yet live to praife hun for his mercifull 
deliverance, and for the happy reiburation of our peace, which Gqd 
for his mercies fake vouchfate to graunt us. P Inis 


1 ai 

Ihismnchfbtdiegrievifigofthe holy Spmc in htisfeif, by way 
of alli^on CO huoune affettion ; Ho<ir folWes chat grievance 
which t^ way of sympathy he feels in his Saints. 

Atfebne, Aquinas,. Efiiusi andothec latter Intarprcters have yjSSLf 
conftrucd one branch of this oifencc of die Holy Spirit tobe, whea 
through onr kud,' defpightful words or a^ns, we^ieve and (ouiw 
dalize thofc Saints and Servants of <9od, iA whon that Holy Sfritit 

It h trae (a^ ^'M^fttivf ob(m« wdl) that h is no thaifl: toa wkj^ 
ttian rfiat the Spirit of God is not grieved )m hnn, cren in petfon i 
he doth what he can to veK him \ tne ImpofBlMlity is inthe In^xiffi^ 
Wcncffe of the Spirit of God, not in the WHiot the Agent : ftit 
althou^not in hffnfelf> yet in bis fairiilulOnes, heinay, ««l.doth. 
grieve him : they arc Ac Receptacles of the Hdy GHcft, which he 
lo potfefFes andt^^ t^j that me injQiies and athronts done to ^seoi- 
are ^t) and acknowledged by him : As when an enemy cifibrs«>> 
bum^ot pull down,ot ftnp & plunder 'Soc honfe^ Midler or Owner 
takes the viblenct as donetolwnBf; We«rc theTtrnpIcs, The 
HoufeS whetcfa it pleaf«hthe Sj^wt of God to dwell , what is dwic 
to usjis done to him in ns^He d^ereech as oar Aft!ons<the %iric oT 
God ptayes in us, Xom;S.2f$.) fo ciAMPaffions atfosbe is^evedni txar 
sf lefsfuch an interefi hath God in his,that as Cbrift die leoond perfjir 
tn the Trinity could fay to imil^*!^ fetftemt^^btu ne i So the Hofy 
Oioft appioptiates onr injoties to himfelf. tfy he-npnaehed fitr ^ 
name of Chrijii htffj tare ye (faith S. feter ) for mS^rh ^glnj 
M»d of CodrePfth i^njom : tn tifeirfart he v tvil fpoken tfy hA vnjbur 
ftrt be is ]ghrifiedy i IVt.4.^14. Lo, the Ht^ Spirit is dwrfied by 
our fiiffcrit^Sjandisevflfpokenof inoot reppoaches, the word r» 
^iMMin^iM,) ishyrphemcd ; foas (itisafeatftdthsfftothinkofy 
to fpedk conram^us words agatnft Gods chfidren, isl^ the Ape- 
ftles own determinate, no bctterthen a Idnde of Uafphcmins the 

Sec then & confidfcr ye inaKdous & imcharicilc tten,y&ur wrongs- 
reach fiirther then ye are aware ofive firffcr your nm^^ to tun ryot 
in bitter ScofB.,m f|Mghtfiil flandcrs/n injurious rayjii^ agaihft mofe 
that are traly conicionaHc^yediink ye aafl none ixtt men ,wot{btfaetr 
.your fchrcsjbot ye ftiall findc that ye have opened your moothes a- 
'gainft Heaven i Ipcak not for thofc ^t ace mccr outlidcs & ^ftifors cF 


in cbctr lives s 1 u)» QQ frwcitioQ of thtU) Cod Um4 g^v<; ch?i^ 
pordofl with HjrpociiK^i ^ if ^ lip « pm cMt of Qod, one 
liijicimhtheou^^oC <;io4 p)iJMCfidiahi$hMniffKi|()!nc tb^ttie- 
fiisstobe^ppvov^wCotjiiiiaUhiiwftyesCdiqQ^h pQf^p^^ ^- 
£st iti i^dgpMoe, and t»4^ wi^cim FKQfj^^^pirom (bc« in ibtnc 
oilUtecal ioa(^r$* ( <&cb: C^ of HiQ9Kq» 0;9fi4s not tfiaon fo4i 
points) Ice him 1 fey be one oC Cq^% 4m.^(faXfiHmi whfifn. 
tbourepiMikM4perfeciiiiei)t)theSptfi«ofC>o4/ce^tt^ IiKJi^tics 
ihu.if^QSkK4 tofuch A.piipylMid wdl )ec ii)$« feel^. ^ he fitcli 
thcbis malce as fl^hc as you ytsA t^. fcandUteing ahd >yroiigiii| a 
good oan, (bene » a. good C^d duK wtU fi^you for. it. 

What an bea^y cpoo^tai ^diltc> vdudidw ApQftl« melees to 
hts GoriniMans s ccmoenvi^ hMw lod his fel)9w^ : / ti&/«( 

<(aithhe> <ii4»<?4<(iMt|iAti^A fSih.4f9fiUsU^i ss it wtre 4^ft0»', 

ted to tUethafwm 0/^-19^ A fpS^ktf-Af mtf¥y mltA Meeli, ^ t§ 

Men^ \0»,/^$^ afldrvecTe (he 43* "Kr 4re fuit a the fiUb of th^ 

world, thafif^miigfiftUthiti^im tbif dsf, Alas if this were the 

condicioiiof the U^kd Apowlcs co hif> mm vilified, why (houid 

it ieem fttai^e to us,, their onworthy fucceflburs, an4 ]>if^>ies, if 

we be thoughc^t/Qr nothing bit ipbe<j)ft upon die diwi^ .* but 

tibefc reproaches, however we niay take co()Uy, and caJaily, as I 

chat ^coick PtiUofopher did^ w]|k> whttft he was diAiQwfingof bci{^ \ 

&ee from paffions (it beisg the doArine of that fc!i^> tl^t a wi^ 

man (hould be in^;>tifionaGe )a tudte ieilow fpu; parp^fely in hi» f^^^ 

and when he was asked, whether he wcie not angf y } anfwcfcd, 

.notculy,Iamnocang^y,butIdoi:^whcdierl(hoiudnQtbe angry 

at fuch'an abule j but thoe is a God that will not pQt vp our contu- 

. inelies io, we firike hss fecvants on Barth, and he feels it in Heaven, 

It is very cmphaticaU wl^h the Apoftle hath to th^ putpofe^ CgUff, 

1.74. JfiUif ( ^ajpbicb isielwid) «■ "^^M^r^^^ Aftmig^ $f dse Jtf- 

fiiaions ifChrtfi in mflefb .* Inti mating that there is one intire body 

(as it were) ot Chrifts (itflfcfiags, ^ wbere(^ he indured in his own 

perfion, and part he ftill rqftawestfi his menibcrs, fo as he cannot be 

free whiles they fu&r, iMpnudi 4t yt did it to puf of Ae lt$ii of mj 

ireAre/t, te did it uMto me, Msf. 1 5. 40. As the foul ^Is what is done 

to die body (t£r Iron mtred into his SouU faith the Pfalmift) fo 

whatis done to the fanhfoU foul. Cod is fcnfiUe of, and wiU ce* 

J z . vcnje 





venge it accordingly, whst fball bedme uthee tha» fslfe Tongfte^ faidr 
tbe Pfalmift, even migkj Mdfhi^ Ammes with *nr Immng C$dles r- 
j^fai. i^ii 3. ThoitlSft{hocthiiic Anowes, even bitter wards a^. 
gainft Gods ch(^eti ones, and God (hall fend thee (harper attuwes 
of his vengeahce/mging into thy bofomejthy tongue Ymh been fet on 
fire with contention, and h^h helpt to kindle it in others, and now 
God (hall fill thy ikiouth wkh tioKer coales oi diat (tie v^h (hajl^ 
never be ^nched. Oh then as we tewkr our o^^ f^fety, .let ns 
bmde cwTongnes, and hands to. the good behavioiff, am refdre 
with the holy Apoftle, T^^ive mhetfj^e^ mtker t$ Jsfef Jewes^ mrto' 
theeatileSyi99rt0theClHnreh§fG0d: Kff<r;i©. 32. 

Now as the holy Spirit of 'God both tn himf^lf and in hi^ Chtldien^ 
is grieved w: th our lend fpeedbes, and ol^nfi^'e canine, (o concrart* 
ly, God, andhishc^y Spirit arc |oy«d in our gtaciotis fpeedies^ 
atid holy converfation, Luc. i $. ity.Ifdj unto you , there h joy in t\^ 
prefenceoftheAngeb^eody overimefanufth^repme^ : IJo tHs is 
Gods joy ahd the Angels wittiefiCf it, it is the owner thtebatfi found 
~ the loftGroate, andoiat faith Rejoiyce withaie : how dothcon<^ 
fctonable ahd godly behavioui^ and Holy Coauittuiicadon make Mu^ 
fick in Heaven. 

We have known many that have thought their time well Beftow^ 
cd, if they could make a great Man (mile {Principhus pUcuifei 
e^r. ) And perhaps their facetious uifaanity hath not paf&d unrewar^ 
ded; Oh what (haH Wc think of moving trae delight to the King oF 
glory : It wis no finall incouragement to the CQloft4nS:^^at the 
Apoftle profc(&s be waf with them rejoycini^ nnd beholding their Ordery 
C$bff.2.^. WhatacomforrthenmuCt it needs be, tliat the great 
God of Heaven is with us, aftd takes notice of our carriage, and 
Ittfvf/.i^^^n^^n^'^^ntinit, /Awir%jrtfi'*.s 4W th labour^ and thy p^enre^ 
z. faith the Spfeit of God to the Angel ( or Bifhop ) of the Church of 
£^^)efus : andvidendo vidi^ faith Ciod to Mofts^ concerning the Ifra- 
elueSyl have fcen the affli^lions of my people:it is (aid of Anthony the . 
Her mite ^\^t no man bogre at this, that I mention an Hermite ro this 
Congregation, Cthofe fitft Wr^wif^ thatwentafide into the Wil- 
derhefTe, to avoid tbofe primitive perfecetions , were hdy men- 
great Saints, andof a quite differentalloy from thofe of the prefent 
Romifh Chwrch, Mera Nominnm Crepit4cul4) that when he was fet 
-tiponby Dt^^clls , and buffeted by them^ as«». /M/^/was,. zCor. 1-2. 
- ' - ^ Cac* 


^ agcordk^ co leumed CsmerM Us incerprctaiioii ) ifter the oon&iEt 
hcctyedaatyOlmiJefiiMnAsi OLokI jefuwhew waft ihM? 
and Rccivcd anfwer,;inc^4 te er^n^&c. I was 1^ checr ^d lookt how 
thoirwooldftdfifnean thy iclf inthy combats who waddnoc fight var 
liandy, mAko be lights in the eye of h^ Prince ? 

Iti$the}u^ftconfidcratioininthe.VVotld, this^ how doth God^ 
icUilh my 4i6[mis and me? The comnion lule of the World is^ what 
willmenYay/ whacwiUteyiieighbcxjrs? whac will my fuperiourtf 
what will poAerity^ and aocx)roing to their conceits we arc wiSling^ 
to regulate our carriage: bit a^tnie Chrifiian looks hkher, and for 
every, dbinghe fayes ordocs^ inontres after the ccnmre or allow- 
ance of Gc^ faiaifelf> iUM c»ing that the words of his mouth, and:; ^ 
the meditationsof his heart may be acnpted^of Us God: and if 
fits heart tell him^ that God frownes at his ai^ons, all the World 
cannot cheat him up; but he will go mourning all the day lon^,till 
he have made his peace5and fee even termes between God and^ 
his Soulr hut if that tell him^all is.wcll^ nothing^in the world ca» • 
dejeA atKldi(heanen him s but he takes up that, refolution which 
^^&iiiM gives foi advice, LettbyG4rmeMtsiejt4fitCy^andUtMo OjUle 
wdmingto thine heady go riri w0j^ Ea drf tread with joj^ and drink thy; 
H^fM mtba merry hearty far mw Godaee^tih^ m^rksy Efclef^g. 7, %^ 
And this coiifideration » h never can be unfeafonaUe, fo is aj 
moftfitcordiall for every honeft and good heait, in thefe difmall; 
times } we are in a fad condicion^ and perhaps in expcAation of 
Mtor{e,the fward is cither devouring or thteamin^^we are ready to be - 
fivallowedup with grief, orfear.-^wharftioulcfwe now do ^ Dear 
Chriftians let every one of us look in what termes he ftands witb^ 
his God,, do wc finde the face of God clouded from usvlet our fools 
ttfufe comfon till weliave recovered his favour, which is better^ 
then life J do we find our felves upon our found repentance, received- 
to ^race and favour of the Almighty , and that he is well pleafed^^ 
with our perfons, and with our poor obediences, and that he 
finilts upon us in HealVeif , courage, aear Brethrenptjrfptght of all the 
frowns and menaces of the World; wcarefafe and (hall be happy:- 
here is comfort for us in ail tribulation i Or.i^^with that chofcn ve(^ 
fel , wc arc troubled on every fide, yet not diftrefledj ac are per* 
plexed, but not in defpair i pertecuted , but not fbrfaken j caft^* Cvr. 4^ 
down, but not dcftroycds for which caufe we.faintnotj hut though.^' 

• our- 




forottrl^ AMif^ whkh i» Iwt for » momcm* ' 


«n sow, and for tvetSKitr* 

-fitUpafTdlBonwfaeicofjCbeGQd tUc liach 

g us, for tltt f^lce ^f the Son of )ii|.l«re Idb Chrift uiok ri^bce- 
To whom with tbeFathcf, «n4ih9 My Ohoftyifaree pcwos. 







A Second 

R M O N 

In proCcudon of the &nc Text> 



I N 


July 21, 1644. 

By'^OS. B. ofH. 


E P H E S. 4. 30. 

ji^d grieve nm the h^fy Spirit eif Gody npfjerely ye are 
fealed to tfje day of Kedemption. 

Bbave done with the Dehortatbn it felf, and rherett? 
wij^i the fi6tioxhi^d&x^{Gfiete mfOand with tlie title 
of tlie Sid>jc(^ (^ Hdi Spirit pfGoJi) We defcend to the 
idfoixxmentof the I>ehortation:» by <he great nKritoT 
" "the Spirit of Gods^ {whereh y t^t felled. to the rf4> 
cf Redemftim. ) ... 

Thofe that aregceat and good, we wodd not w^tnglyolfend^. 

th(»]gh meer 'flranz^:s lous .-Ixitif tbcybe befides, our sreat friends 

And liberal Bene^iSors, men that have deferved higUy of us, we 

la% hiUitafbalibaaie^ aad^mmnable ingraciuaac^ wilfuUy to 




^_^p^j^^j^l^^^^^M^^i^^^^i>i^>i»^»»^*^i^— <^^^^^"^^^"^^w^^i^i^^—^^i»^^— ^— — ^^B^^iw*— i*^iw^^i^w^F«i^ ■ ■ ■ "fca^wjiafc^^^fcii^ 

do ought that might affront them. It is tbefetore added for a ftrong 

^iffwalive from Grieving the Spirit of Ged, that by him we arc 

icaled to the day of redemption : All the world Ihall in vain flrivc 

to d« forms, what'ouT^reat Friend in Heaven hath done ; our lodth- 

ncfsilicrefore to grieve him, naaft be according to the depth of our 

obligation to him : Caft your eyes thena little upon the wonderful 

benefit heieipccified j aiid fee, Krft, what this day of Redrnption is : 

Secondly, wliat is ^ fealty of us tp this day : and Thirdly, why the 

feaUng of us to this day ftwuldi* a firffictent motive to withhold us 

koOigrievimAe Holj Sfirit of doi^ Thefe three multbe the liipics 

of mySpccc-n and your Attention. 

Redemption fignifies as much as a Ranforae ; A Ranfome implies 
a Capttvi^ or Servitude s Hie^ k a threefold Captivity from wMch 
-wc are freed-; Of -Sin, of Mifery,of Death : For the foil, fn^ire 
fold under fn^ faith our ApoiUc : No Slave in Argter h mofc truly 
fold b the Afiarket under a Turkiffa Pyrate, then we arc naturally 
fold under the Tyranny of (in j by whom we*are bound hand and 
foot, and can fttt neither of them towards God s and dungeon'd up 
in the darknefsof our ignorance, without any Glimpfe of the vifion 
of God, For the fceond ; the very name of Captivity implyes 
Mifery enough ; what outward evil is incident into a man which 
bondage doth not brin^ with it? Wo is me, there was never fo 
much captivity in this land fince it was a Nation, rm fo wofbl a 
Captivity as tnis, of brethren to Ix^thren t Com{4aiiit$ there are 
ffood ilore on both (ides s of re(h:aint, want, iU-lod^ifig, hard and 
leant diet, Irons, infultations, fcornes, and extremities of iU u(age 
of all kindes : and what other is to be found in the whole courfe of 
this wretched life of ours, th<; beft whereof is vaaity, and the wcaft 
iinfinite vexations s But Thirdly, iffome men haveWn foextei^ 
lially happy, as to avoid fome of thefc miferies ( for all men fmau 
not alike ) yet wver man did or can avoid the third 5 whkh is db- 
iwadoufaefs to death : ^ tit offence ofone^ faith the Apo(tte, judgmeW 
'fomeupm all men to condemnation Rom. 5. 18. Si^ hathraigned unto 
deathy Ff. 1 1 Jt is more then an Ordinance, a ftatute law in Heaven j 
^alm-eh^&c. ItisenaHedtoall men once to dy^ Heb. ^. 27. This 
-then is our bond^e or captivity, now comes bur redemption from 
all thefe at once : when upon our happv di(fi)lution we. are freed 
iromfuj^ fromculcfy, from deaths and^nter ujto the-po(feffioB 




; • I 

of glory ; thus our Savicur, Lifiiipyut^ heaJs^ for th^^^jof jour re^ 
denwtm dr4ti9€th mgh ; thus fakh St. faul^ The crcsture itftlf ^Ifi 
fbdflie delivered frm. the haulage ofcorrnftm tM$ the gUrious Utertj (sf 
tbeSom of God. Rom. 8« 2 1. It is the Csmc condition of the members 
ofChrift^ which was of the heaJ, that they overcame ckath by 
dying > when therefore the bands of death arc kofcd, and we arc 
fully freed from the domifiion of the fitft death, and da ngcr of the 
fecond) and therein ftom all the capatity, not only of tro rule and 
power of fin> buc of the life andin^weUing of it ^ and from all 
the raifcries both bodily and fpirktiaU that attend itjand \Vhcn in the . 
fame infta!nt our foul taJces pofleifion ofrHatglory^whichfhalUhcc^ 
in the confodatioir of it's glorious partftcr^the body, be pcrftriSily con- 
fummated^Xhen,and not till then is the day of our redemption, k* 
there any of us therefore thatcomplaines of hts fad and hard condici- 
ou hci*e in the world; paines of body^ricf of mmd, agonies of foul, 
croffes in eiUte^difcontentmems in hts famiIics,(uflFcring in his good 
i;arae?let him bethink himfetf where he isjthis is the time of his cap- 
tivity i and what other can be expected in this cafe ? Can we think 
there is no difference betwixt Ifl^ercy ii bandagepCan the flave think 
to be 4S free as his.Patron?Eafe, reft,;liberty mufl be lookt for eife- 
wherejbut whiles we are here wemuft make no account of other 
then tiiefe varietiesiofaiifery:oar redemption jfhall free us from them 
alLBut now perhaps fome ofTOu are ready to fay of the Redempt'0"»> 
as they did of the Rcfurredwn, that it is paft alreadyjand fo indeed 
it is^one wayjin rcfpcfl: of the price laid out% the Son of Godjthe in- 
valuable price of his blood >for the redemption of man shut fo, that 
it mud be taken out by, and applied to, every foul inparticular, if 
we will have the benefit redound to us ; It is his Reaeniption be- 
fore, it is now ^nly cm Redemption, when it is brought home to us. 
Oil tbcA the dear and happy day: of this our finall redemption, 
wherein we (hall be abfolutely freed from all the iniferabie for- 
ro>yes, paines, c^res, fears, vexations which we meet withall here 
j)clow, andi which is yet more, from all the danger of finninoj, 
y{hkh qoyv (^vf^tiy/day aodsto thq fiearfulne^ of ouraccotfntjaiid laft-^ 
ly, from the wofull wages of fin. Death, bodily, Ipirituall, eternall j 
here is a redqtfiption^rth our longing for; 'worth our joying in: 
when Jc/Jy^fe was fetchtdut of? Wiwk Gaol, and changed thenafty 
tags of his pxifon for pbte luin^n yeftures ; and his Iron feitters for 

c a ' a 

a duk ef Gold, and his wooden ftodcs for Pbtrmbs fccond Chazcr 
. ((7fj9.41.4s* ) do we HOC thinktetnuft' needs Ik joyfully tSSeGtc^ 
with it ^ VVh«i ^nrr wasodkd up firom lietwiact his Leopards C ^ts 
that I^adiGt ccrmcs liieni ) and haa his (hackles flukcn o0^d was 
btoii^ht through the Iron gmesinto the free and open fitcet $ or 
w^n PoffAf / Wds called out of 4k: lyons den to the embticemeiits of 
Dmui ) couldhechoofelbuiiitjoyQein the dian^ ? when Xuztfrm 
!WascaUed< after dnee-daytsemooriMng) OIK of hisgntve, and la-^ 
hited his ttMurniog fifteis, and walc't home with lus fnends , coald 
, Aeicbeoughtbutthevoioeof|(wandgladnefle«Bioi« chcm^Bat^ 
alas» ailthefearefautflctghtteMmblttnaesofdieUeflniRedette*^ 
onwhichispiMdiiifedforns who are thus zanfiamed ibni&i, and: 
death : Rawer, tf we could imi^fle thefoulofarr4/4»fiEfd)t«uc 
of hell hy thepratersof «r«f»r»rOE«fa FtkntU* by 7W5^acco«lifig 
to diebcdd legenafc of lying t^Mcrt»and nowiseed numilMjfe 'totoie^ 
table and unconoeiveddk totmentc, we m^t apj^tdbend m feme 
ineafitte what«t is that isAMoHght ifor car &nk,^ im tteiiiatff«U rc«> 
dcrapdon^ and what is thfefifveiir^ that d^ivemice, whkJi we 
inuftlof^tohflwcfBilypetCicfied t Bnt,<idai, wimffaeiiuiiiy tons ? 
VVe are cnflaved, luid tctKctd,ttnd wb 4ae ktt^ to hefcec $ Wfcare 
in love withovr hends^ with tmrniiinies, with^stir fins I ttid w4kii 
deaihc'miesitkeaeoodCM'VMdbltso^drag us t^iant «f ott <lhR- 
:eeon, wearc«iwfflingto|j«tthc tags «nderourafnie-«it«,ftndto 
lay hold of that (DUffwejttidlhappyconveManee to die K«ht and It* 
hevty <«rthe Saints ; Oh our^wretcbedunbdief that is ginky ^ <!« 
flatknefs of-ourd«jfircs j whetoeas if we wijrc what we ^oMs oat 
fel ve«, we would think the dofc long till it he accoojplt&ed, an<f 
fiiy, CwBcLoklJefas, come quickly?, even fc,<:oine£oj!d Mis, 
come quickly, andm^eupour/oUredentpnoafioni wUfftf, gtnn 

fin, fromdflalfe,and'hnngus into thatglowms libeitv «if Ac Sons 
ofGod, .■■'■-' 

Thky forthe^<*9 tf^mr^rtJeitftmt 5 .now«ec<««Hy let «B8 fee wfiar 
wsfidHt^iirtttbe daj 9f MmfttM. Ifihd*in Ibcdi ihook three trfes 
of afeal j i. Pbr fccrocy, t. ^poculiar^lefignation.. i. forcer-^ 
tainty and affiirance, ,• - ; • 

For fecrecy firft;.So -God fpeikingofthfe <on<B«on'«f1freeI„ 
l>eut. 5*.34i IsmtthhUidi^hprryitnti'Jktkdupdnum mireMifresf 
So £y2iy.§Jcaking of*.vificpK)f. Ksf Iti^U'h W> «* ^ifpr e/ « ^ce* 

ftsled %■ 




Jirsbtdi whinoftme fhM fiyj KudAu^ tbs other {bstl Mffvety i cm^ 
.maffiatitisfededy EfM.t^. it. Yeaiiiisicaluigflrgurta long rtkt^ 
vation and clofeneue : Gp thy waj^ Darnel ifor^be words are clefed uf^ 
^siulfislidtoibetmevftheemLDM. i%^9. and cheraipon k is^ ^c 
John v^ fojcbiddcn loftole tifAttook of his frofbefie i Revel.- tt. io» 
for the time is migbM hmtd I ibwe^ttc worn to do ia ordiaary pra* 
4ti(ci that Cl^et which wt would have nobody g^ moy ^¥e Teal 
«p i that bag which we wotid not have oprned, and that huct 
whtdiwewoiildiiochavcieeii by othersywe^al up, ssd think 
it a great violation of civiUty to have it opened j iknoc is that figH- 
Um fonfeffioMS ( the feale of'cofifeiion) amuogt^ the RomiTh Ca&i^ 
lield (q /acred) lAiat k may not in any cafe whatever, be htcken 
up : Inibmachas their great Ddifbtu*, Martinus Alphonfas f^ivddas ^ 
£oes To farr as €o(ay , Si peftderetfidm vei litermo tfitiek mtmdi tx ire- 
velatione unims peecatiy non ejjet revelandunty etiamfi totus^ mundns e^ei 
ferdeM^y That if the laiety oif the M^iole World (Ixmld depend up- 
on the rei^aling of one fin ; it is HOC toj^ fevealed ) though aU the 
World (hottld M deliroyed s and adds^ tm% p^er Uierationem em* 
mum animarum tetius muMdi non efl revelandum^ Though it were for 

the freeino;ofall thefoukof the whole VVorkl« k is not to be -re- 
vealed, in 1^ CdndeUhmm mrernn : A^ ^gtlU \ mmber the nth. 
Afirange height of expxeffion, to give the World aftirance of 
jhedofecaniage of their autJcularConfcfion^) and that not with- 
out need ; for were it not for this perfwafion thek hearths might 
cool, and men would keep rheir own couniell : and furely^ not to 
meddle with their tyrannicall impoiktons upon the confcience, in 
their foeced confefiions, which we do juftly call carnijieinam cotsfcien^ 
MSy I(lioQldholdandjprefe(S) that if a man (bould come in the 
anguifhof his foul foriomefin, to unload his heart fecretly to the 
botom of his Minifter, of whom he looks for counfeH and comfort^ if 
infttcha cafe that Minifter ibould revcale that {m to any other 
- ip»^hofoever, no death were torment enou^ for foch a fpiriraall per- 
fidioufnelfe : allfcaetsareat the leaft J^^ fi^illo fdei^ tinder the 
fcal of fidelity^ and therefore not to be revealed. 

For peculiar defignation ; tbis oar blefled Saviour fpeaking of 
himfelf, the Son of man, adds, fgr him hath God the F other fedled^ Jok 
15. 2J. that is 5 hath d^figned Wm to the fpeciall office of lis Mcdia- 
«oc^p: $o.Reveytion. j. 5. Of the trite of Juda teere feakd twelve 

Q^i tboufandi 


thoufmd i and fp the name of the number of the fevetall tribes, t<> 
the whole finn of an hundred fourty four thouTand were ddigned to 

3ut the chief ufe of the feale is for oertainty and af&rances fa 
Jex,elel^ to make fure work with the Elders of Jezreel for the dif- 
patch oiNAhoth^fededit with Ahds ftAk^i Kings, zu ft) the Jcwiih 
Princes, Priefls, and Levites when they had made their covenant, 
fealed it with their fcales, Nehem. p. the laft verie. Hence Hj^msns 
Order for the deftruftion of the Jfjr« was fealtd with the Kings fealty 
E(ih. 3. 12. and the countermand for their prefervatioh fo fealed 
alfo, Efih. 8- ?• fo Jeremy for his land at Jnsihothy wrote and fealed> 
Jerem. 31. ^.lothegravettoneofChrifts Tomb was fealed, Matih. 
27. 66. Andftilltlusjs our praftife, that which we wouJd make 
fure, andp4i all c]ueftion,. we give not under our hand onely, bur 
our feal alfo. 

In all thefe three regards of fecrecy^peculiar dedgnation, and cer-* 
mntjythc^Ct^mhisfoMotfi^MtuSydweSffdledupyCM^^ 4, 1:2. and 
fhe juftly prayes. Set me as a Seal upon thme heart,, and a Sealupon^thint 
srme Cant. 8. 6. 

Let us take them fevcrally into our thoughts : andfirft for the Se- 
crecy ; It is a fure word which the Spirit ot God hath, 2 Tim.2. jp. 
The foundation of God remainethfurey having this feal i The Lord kndw- 
eth who are his }i TheLordknowethaiid-nonebuthe; neither Man 
ftor Angel ; It is fealed on purpofe, that it may be concealed , and 
refcrvcd only in the counfel of the moft High : It is therefore a moft 
b'gh and dangerous prefumption in any man to pafle a judgment up- 
on the final cftate of another, efpeciallv to the worfe part 5 This is 
no other then to ru(h into the Clofet of'theHigheft,. and co break o- 
pcn his cabinet, and to tear up the privy Seal of Heaven 5 an info- 
lence that God will not paflfe over unrevcngcd : It was a good an- 
fwer that fhe Servant gave in the ftory, who carrying a covered difli 
through the Street, and being asked what it was , anfwered^ It is 
therefore covered that thou mayeft not knows and lo it is here; 
the final eftate of every :Soul is fealed, thai it may be known only to 
the God of Heaven: andifanyman dareto pry into this Ark of 
God, Wvkiih^ txiitn oi Bethfheme^ let him fear to be ftruck dead 
as they were, iSam. 6. The llomanifts have taken too much bold- 
neflc this way .: there is one of cheir Saints, St. Matilda^r Sc Min4e 


_ . — _^ ■ - ■ 1^^ ■ ■ -^^^^^.^^.^p-i 

A Proplictf i& of chetrs, wnich in her Revelations profefleth tliac ihc 
would needs know of God what became of the Souls of four men j 
Samffon^ iSa/owM) ( whomi muftcell you th&greateft parted the 
Romifh Doctors give ouc for a caft away , very injurioufly, and un- 
cbacirahly,iince tl^c befidcs his being a type of Chrili^^and a pen-man 
of fotne part of holy Scripture, his Ecclefisflei is a plain publication 
to all the World, of his penaiKefor his former miicarri^cs ) Ori^em 
and TrdjMe: and received this anfweri What mypitty bath done 
with SmffimjL will not have known^that men may not x incoutaged 
to take rcvenee on their enemies : what my mercy bath done :with 
Sohm$n I will not have known left men O^ould take too much li^ 
berry t^ carnal fms : What my bounty bath done with Origftt I 
would not have known^ left men {hoiudput too much confidence in 
their knowledgjWhat my liberality hath done with TtAjan^ I would 
not have known for the advancement of the Catholick fatthjcft men 
iheuld fleight the Sacrament of Baptifm j a prefumptious qucilion, 
and an anfwcr anfwcrable. So they have not ftuck to tell us^ that 
the fame day that their St. Thomas Becket dyed ->thcrc dyed in all the 
World three thoufand thirty and three ; whereof 3000. went to 
Hell i thirty to Purgatory^and th-ee ( whereof their Saint was one) 
to Heaven j furc 1 tnink much alike : I will not weary vou with 
their frenzfes of this kind j they ha\'e br^g'd of fbmc of their Saints 
who have had this deep tnfight into the hearts of men^ and counfcis 
of G^d) that they cotud tea by the view who (hould be faved, who 
cond emned j an<i fome fanatick S{iirits in our Church have gone fo 
farr take upon ;|ic ti ( as fome . vain PaUnefters by the fight of 
the hand to judge of fortunes ) by the face, and words^ and garbe, 
and carriagje of men to palfc faitencc of reprobation upon other 
mens fods : what an horrible infolence is this in any acature under 
Heaven^ or in it ? There maybe perhaps grounds to jiidg of a mans 
prefent condition; God doth not call any man to flupidiry, or unrea- 
fonableneflic ; If I fee a man live dcbauchcdly in drunkennefle, in 
whoring, in profeffcd profaneflc : If I hear him in his ordinary 
fpeeches to tear Gods name in pieces with oaths. and bfafphemies,' 
I may fafely fay that nian is in a damnaUe condition ; and muft 
demean myfclf tohim accordingly, forbearing an entire con verfati- 
fix\ with him ; mthfuch a one ea nofy, faith the Apoftle j but if 1 fhall 
pitefijme to JUK^ of his finall eftate^ I may incur my own^dndemna^ 


t34 . 

-^ • - I ^ L ■ _ ._ _ I 111. _ ■ I ■ ■ ' 

tion, in pronojincing his Jmdgn^ that ye ie Mt /rndgrd: Pcrlitps 
that man whom thou fcntcncc-ft, is in the fctrct comfcl of God feal^ 
cd CO lifcjand (hall go befcMre thee to Heaven; who that had ken M^^ 
jw^Jfs rcvdling iti hi$ IdWacry, Magitk^ Murder , woifliipitig all the 
hoaft of Heaven^ poU^iting tlic howc of God widi his abominable 
altarSjUfing forccricsjand inchantmcnts^filling the fireecs of jerMfdlem 
with innocent blood ( 2 Kings a i. ) would not have iaid dicic is a * 
.caft-away? Yet howlocvcr the hiftoryofthe Kings leaves hkn in hk 
iin^ and diflaonor, yet in the 2 Chr^u. 3 3. Yeii find his comaGovi^ 
^s acceptation, has pcayer, and bow God was entreafted of him ; 
verf. 19- Soasforoudit wc Icnow, he lived a Devil and dyed a 
.Saint. Who that had fecn and beard S^d breathing out tfacratnoigS) 
and executing his bloody cruelties upon die Church of God^draggcng - 
poor Chrifttasis to their judgments and executions, Would not banc 
^ivcfi him for a man btwded for hell ^ yet behold him a chofimveT- 
lei, the moA glorious tnftmmcnt of Gods name that hath l^en finoe 
Chrift left the^arth : as thou loveft thy <$oul therefore, meddle not 
^ithGodsicalj leave that tohimfelt : Thou mayeft read the fuper* 
^ription, of a man if thou wilt sand judge of his outfide ,bat take heed 
«f going deeper : loC^ well to the feal that God hath fet upon thine 
own foul ; look for that new name which none can r»d but he diat 
^th it s this is worth thine enquiry into ; and God hath given d^ee 
the Chara<fkrs whereby to decipher it ; tphom he didfredetiiMte^j^tm 
^{fw hecaSedy amiwham he called them dlfo he juftifyedy and whom be 
p^ified^ thfm alfo he glorified 5 tlbt is, they arc as fiire to be ^onfici 
as if they were glorified already, ^w, 8» jo^Read thine own name in 
the book of life,and thoB art happyjas for others, let thy nilc be the 
judgment of charity sand let Gods feal a)oBc:Secret things belong to 
Godjand things revealed tous,and ca:if childrenjbut if thou wilt needs 
be fearchin^ into Gods couniel, remember , that of Solomon^ as the 
Vulgar reaas it, Frov. i^.ij^ScmtaorMajefiaisop^metitraghr^Si * 
H: that pries into Majc(W, (hall bcoverwhelmcd with glory. 
, Now, that from the Scaccy we may defcend to' the PccuKarny 
ofDefignacion: You know it in common pradife in your trades 
^d merchandife, that when a man hath boc^ht aparcel of cofl|imo» 
dities he fets his marke upon them; to <fiftinguiAi than frocn the 
teft in the warehoufe jfo doth our God; he fets a mark upon his own^ 
ivhoeby tJpeyaK phinlydtfesenced&om iothexs : And this vaaxk, 

^ be* 

T^—^W II J. mi »^i 

bciidescheiUtnpeof btsccariial decree, is tmc fan^fic^tion : By 
this thct\it ky th»t we we knowft from the World : A? upon fococ 
lac^e plain, where there are jTeverall ^ocks snd heords feecjiqg to- 
gether, every one knows his owp by ivs oiork. So the foan with 
the writers inkborne/rt a murk upoi^ thofc which mp^m^d fir their qw» 
fii^s^ 4ud the fins pf their f€ofUf£ukf p. 

It is therefore io Uxt from tnith^rhat our fflo^ifiration h np cereain^ 
proof of our ibn*(hip and pf our ino^reft in the covenwKpf graces 
SLS^ chat them is no other beiide<& it / And indited r wi^t o%h^x (;ap 
wip iniift uppQ i Outward pro&lSoii will not do ic i many a oi^ 
AxaUiay,Lo(d,Lord,wkha;Kealousre^ which M^tfhali 

be excloded j Aaid £»: pretended xevelaooos, they ijre no lel^ de- 
cettfiiU $ Saa» ofcentindtt traosfqcnvo^ hijo^elf imo an Aogel c^ 
iieht ; A Zidkijeh thinks he hath the $fm as w<^ll as any Michfiidf 
£)f them ail :. ourbooks aie &11 pf the ne'ports. of dengtrous dulufioqs 
Qi this kind s whereby it hath come to paf; that many a one in^ 
^ad of ^tiiaeZ>iii;/^ hath f^Hind nothing Jb^ ifi^age efclputs- 
upon a bQjfterfiu&d with Cioats hair, iS4m,j^. i6. J^x\h 
inarkx^xeaUiaQfi^ficatiQAiQaiu^ fail jk: U will ^ver bold jgqtod* 
thac wbkh 5t.Pifa2 hdtb, /^m. 8.. $d miVff^ ire led ky fbf Sfir/fpf 
God^ theyMrethef(yaQf0Qd:l^S>thit}am this Wpridcjui & highly 
conoern us as fhis^o fee and k»pw wheiijcr wp Jjie ffialMtfi the ^4) pf 
Medemftion : Would wc Jfittow how it «»y:bc.i5yidf ftccdfo us jjticjc 
liqp on tne toaprdfion that Gods Spirit hath^adc j^^^n^our h^^arcs and' 
lives, ifhehavei!eiiewed:usinthe,innflr|iun,/wd wcopght ^s ut)to 
^oe hoIiners,to a lively faiih,to a riinoere love ^P^Goditp a conf^pnab^e- 
^careofall.our ^iSroiis, and to ail othor his good graces, d^ubtle^e 
wearefo iealod, chat;dl the ppwerspfKcllcwftot deface 5 andict- 
literate disble^dimprcffion* 

But chejpcindpal &:main i^eof (his Sqal is fpf. .qert^inty pf perfiw- 
manccJf we h*tfc the WK>cd;Oif an hpncft tt^afliWeibchcvc k^t jjfwe 
iiaw;his!bandwejmaIie:QtttreIvf:)smore fureihw: if we have \x^ ^h 
handand fcal we rcftiecittcof the ^ccpwpUAw^ of iwh*t is ghfen^r 
-undercaken-How iiwch ftiot^ ^Hrftnce pj^y ^WclnaMe^when wfeh^re 
irihe word cf aiGfid^hofe^vcry-tijlcjis Ame^yfiev.s.ij^.^ whoiepro- 
mifesare liiae hiiof elC-^iW 4iw/ t*4wp, 2 C^n. i. w).^las,the heft^ian is 
deceitful iipon.tbe4iatlance}and his true (\iki^yOinmf h^ffiOMe^dAx^-^ 
^vcryimanis SLi^i^miiosi)^ ,m^ ^i%ha»\t 


t 3^ 

pafle away, before one tittle of his word (hafl fail i ixit when that 
promifeis fcconded by his Seal, what a tranfcendent affiiranoe is 
here? k-is the charge of the Apoftle Ptter-^ Giit dilmnce to miake 
yof^r cMing MdeliUionff$re^ i Fit. i. lo. Sure, not in relpeft of Godj 
whom no changes can reach; whofc word is, I am Jelmud^^ my 
coiinfel (hall Hand ; but in refpcftof our apprchenfion ; not in re- 
gard of the objeft only, which cannot fail, but even of the fubjcft 
.alfo : which if it were noc fecible, fore the Spirit of God would not 
have in joylied it, or impofcd it upon us; The Vulgar reads ( Fer hm 
cpfra ) by good works. And indeed it is granted by Seza^ and CU- 
fuier^ that in fome Greek copies it is (/*^ v^*^» v>v) whereupon 
Bellarmim would fain take an advantage to prove his con jcihirall af- 
furance ; A ilran^e march of words mcerly contradiAory 5 /or i£ 
'^but con jedurall, how can it be afluranoe ? and if it be affiyancc, 
how only con jcdurall ? we may as well talk of a falfe truth, as a 
-con jciShirall alTurance. 

But that implication o£ Bel/armme h cafily Wown over, if we 
' cpnfider that . thefe Good works, do not only comprehend external 
works , as almes-deeds,praycr, attendance on Gods ordinances, and 
-the like : but alfo the internail aifts of the foul : the Ads of believ- 
ing, the Ads of the love of God, the Ads of that hope which 
ihall never make us afliamed, Thefc will evidence, as our calling 
and eledion, fo the certainty of both , and therefore are the fed 
of our Redemption. Let foolilh men have k ave to imprave tl^ 
wits to their own wrong ; in pleading for the uncertainty of their 
• right to Heaven 5 But for us, k t us not fuffcr our fouls to take any 
reft till we have this blefled feal put upon us to the affuringofour 
Kedemption and Salvation j that we maybe able to fay v^ith the 
chofen veflcl j God hathfealedus^ and given uS the earnest of his Spirit 
tB our heartSj 2 Cor. t. 21. If we have the grant of fome good Ickfcy 
or fome goodly Mannor made to us by word of mouth, we ttay not 
till wc have gotten it under black ana white ; and not then, till we 
have it under feal j nor then ( if it be a perpetuity ) till we have live- 
ry and fefzin given us of it ; and when all this is done, we make ac- 
count feeurely to enjqy our hopes j aud fhall we be Icifc caiefull of 
the main-chance, even of the eternal inheritance of Ifcaven ? Lo 
here all thefe done for us ! Here is the word preaching peace and 
:Salvationtoallthat-bclievc5 here arc his Scripturjes tfe internal 

i mbnu- 


Ifnomnnems ofti^wrfcterfM^dV cohftrtt^ j it j here ts ifcfrtdad^ 
ded to u } here is thcLtvery-and St'thi gtycn^ jn the riincfttjffiw 
Spirit^ ^aad here is ftdfic^pncwttmrl^ toull 3 ^^^ iSuASmh witwf-' 
6itg*i^BmSfi*iHthk^hfTihf^ h^%ift!^ie Hnn out 

ibofome an4 wi ate fAJW ^ iieiAcrfet ^t hwttiWicj6ick«fl wetr^h 
iaywhhthediofehVeltel^ Im^f^ffiMedihgtnifi^ pordeMth^ 
fwji^^ls^ mr; fnwffMlUies^ mr ftwersi va/r tfnrfgs frefrnty ngr 
tiMg$ to comfy mr hei^ mr '^f^^ ^ ^ credhnre C0f$ h tAk io 
fifaruie Mfirom ^ love ijfcwrf, nrfri* p in 0r)jl ^rfu^^httr ii^rdy l^nu ?• 
lt*ifclaftvtffe.-1Lo, tWsisriot?igod^ Oyw> ) 

neichc^ do^the Apefile fpeak'of tiis tiwn foecutll rcvdation (as 
.thePo{»(h Ddlftors would pretend ^biit he takes all bdeevcrs into 
thepaytiidrllirp^ifhts cotaiotti^tva^iv^^ 
!pm^te\ii)tbatsk^^ d^ (^ ie4emff^^. 

' Having no^houriaied the p^ fievmlly, let ttiClf you pjq^f<; )[ ppc 
them togedier^ aod fee tke power of jihis in&rence or argument: yb 
ate ^ cheS^rtcefGodjMrif^t^i/tfyc^^ thcrcfbrts 

grierenotthat^Spffk of 'God fay ifvhotn Tcare thu$ fealcd.^ .Thd 
Spirit of God haAiiflfiiitt6)y m^fltedoFyoli j hatli tionefo txnieh for 
;you>as ye are not capcA>le to cbnce^ve^mucrb Ifrfle to arifwer in fo Hea* 
venly an 6b%fiackvi \ Oh theobe you tender of giving ati^ ofience 
to dwt good ^irit 5 Do not; you do otfght that m^ht dif* 
pleafe that loving aud beneficent S[>irtt. ; B^ oot yw fo much vout 
own enemies, astagive juft diftaft joyourgood €k)d. 5o as the torcc 
of the ai^jument, as we intiipated at the fim. Res upon an aiftion of 
unkindnefle; affording us tlitsiniltu€tion> that the ground of Gods 
Childrens fear.tooffrad muilbe out of love and tfaankfuloefs ; great 
isthymerey^§hottfmsi{i i^/^4rf4f^ faith the Pfalmift; he doth hot 
fav 5 great is thy mercy ifhat thou raaft be loved ; nor, great is thy 
Ku jeuy that thcHi maiil be feared s hit great is thy mercy that thorn 
nisffl he feared : bafe fcrvfle natures are kept in with fearc of ihripes, 
but the ifigeneiuiis dKpofitioti of Gods dear ones is wrought upon bv 
thetetl(j|a:rcfpie€ttDthego6d^ of that Godwho/hacb 

is a kind 
of force' and violence offered to the foul ; but it is tfhe force of love^ 
thott ifAikh noiMhg can'bc more plcifir^l neither will God of- 
fer 4rty ^ethers it can be tio Wifl ifiat is 'fbitcd 5^ God will not 

R break 


break in upoa the foul ; but wibs ic with thofe Tweet 
dm are oaore powerfull then thofe o££eu : ^flen cijouncsily tan. in 
a fiill carete tpwaids Hell, k were h^y chaj; any th^ in the world 
could ihy.^0;^^ but a^e^ieceanyfiMS tbac find a ^rejftcauit upon 
XMu (elves, mtjkifiidft of 0^ evill vyayes, ib 4uw<$ oiake SiQiop ia 
thi$ pcmicjo(}^icv^e of our 6mag } W^nce is it ? Is it out of a meer 
fear of thepains of Hell, of dhole etemall totments that abide foe 
. fioncrs f^Inis is little th^ tp them: Nature even ia brute Qeatuies 
will teach them jp af&^ tbeiji^ dWn prefetvation s.and to avoid thofe 
tbings which wUl neceflajily.'draw on their d^i;u^ons SMsm 
a^e lecing the Angels fworc^ wt)l ftrive to decline itr s every flave 
will tugg hardtocf<^pe.tbel;^: but.isitina fwet^t fceie -of the 
metctesof God, v^ hajthdone fq much fouli is it o«c of a 

ironfcien(x;noetoo9endfo holy and munificent ja <3o4) who bach 
juttdia^] thee fo dear,an4 fedtdfhee uptoti^ tiay •/ R^fiftumv»sw'y 
.cnott hm in th^e a true generofity <^fpirtti Ithis aigues ^e to have 
the proper ajSe^oiis of a true diild of Godsfer every child <^ Cod u 
/pifituallygQod natur'djU k not jCo with our n^twal chidieni; A fto- 
macWyj £j*u knowes th^ his apod Father cannot but be difpleafed 
with his pj^an. matches ^ yet he takes him wives of ^ Dai^hten 
6lHtii>tGe)i26, 35. And an amlntious Mfal^ dates riie up in 
febcDion againft his tenderly-Ioviiffl Father j; but grace hath other 
cffe^ J the fpintuall generation otCods faithfiill ones, ve dearly 
affeftionatc to ehcif Fathecin Heafen, and apply themf^ves t«aU 
obedience out of mccr low atuLduty, The Son, and the flave aro 
-both injoyncd one work ( God Ijc thanked we can have no in- 
fiance in this kind, that vaflalagc is b^pily and juftly extingui(bed 
as unfit to be of ufe amongft Chrillians ) but wheie it c^aiaetb Itill, 
the Son and the flave do oncwork,. but out of different grounds ; 
the Son to pleafe his Father i the flave that he may avoid die ftripes 
©fan imperious Maftet, therefore the one doth it cheetfully and 
wiiJirglyi the other grudgingly and rqaningly 5. |he one of:Lovej 
and Gratitude, the other out of fear,, flhikisftfitjMttwoHhyTofoae 
feriousconfidcratiori, as that which n^unlyimppr^slnv '{ouls^iwhat 
are the grounds of Bqr.cither aftions, pt forbearance* j we indtvoQc 
fome good duties^ we refrain ftun fooie fins j oUt of what- ptind- 
p^cs? Some there axe tfi^canbraggoftheirj im'miiwy (wm groft 
fins,. withth5J^ou^^h^ifee^ /;4«> A^*?V4^«{,.a»^,»»iiw^ ^ 


murtherer^ n$ lyer^ mflsndfrery no cfprejl^ur \ And I would to God 
everyone of you ^t hear me tlusday could in finccrity of heart fay 
fo J But what is the CToim<lpf thisihcir gtctcndcd inof[cnfivcni;fs i 
Ifitbeg^y a fe^tot^e^ i^d i!^ the wrathful indigpa^ion ^^at 
juft Jilc{ge, thou danft fbap (ivaltfomfort tb thy Soul^n this coi^t^ns 
for tnis is out of nieer felfe-love, ^ and defire to cfeape pain and mifc- 
ry, which is iacidcnt into flieworft of creatures: Even the evil Spi- 
rits theiofc^es are ^fhHdof<foknemin|(/afK^ thti folding 
chcm Wck to chcirich^Mns/ Bucit it^^utlf a^5;ioi|, ^il^ndcr 
love to God j out of a fiiial'feafof the Tdiflplcaiure of a God that 
hath done fo much for tbcCji tHis ar^es tB^ difpo^iop oCa^tme diild 
of God, and may juftly adrmnifter oonofpri: tQ thy. SpuJ, io the time 
of thy triahOh that we could every c^e of us lay before our eyes the 
fweet mercies of Qur QodjdpeciiiUjL^s^ fa^oi^ ; how freely 
be hath loved us. vx>f^ deatn( he ^h redeemed i^ j; even with the 
moft precious bfood'of the Son oThis love' j hpw gracioufly he hath 
fcaled us up to the day of our redeemptiott ? and that we could 
make this ufe of it to be a ^rong retradive from any, even of our 
deareft) and gaioiulleft fins ; Carry this home with you, dear' bre* 
^en, Ibefeechyou, and iail not to think of it upon all occafions 
when ever you (hall finde your felves tempted to any (in whatfoever 
of luft, of eKcede, of covetous defires, have tbis Antidote rea- 
dy in yckurbojfonies, which good Jo/>^ had; Hojn jbai Ida tbis 
greiS- Jvill dnd fin Mgainfi G$d j As good PolycdrPus that holy 
Martyr , when for the prefervation of his life ne was urged 
to renounce Chrift, faid ; Fourfcore and fix years have I been . his 
fervant, and he never did mc hurt 5 and (hall I deny my Soverain 
icing Aat hath fo nadoufly preferved me ^ If out of thefc grounds 
thou carifl check thy fins 5 and canft lay 5 Lord I have been catcr 
full not to grieve thy good fpirit, becaufe thou in thine eternal love 
haft fealed me thereby to the day of my redemption, be confident, 
that thy redemption is fealed in Heaven, and (hall in due tiijie be 
manifeftcd to thine invefliiure with the eternall glory and happinefs 
which God hath prepaied for all his; To the participation where- 
of, that God who hath ordained us, in his good time mercifully 
luring us, for the fake of the Son of his love, Jefus Chrift the jufl, 
to v\mom with the Father, and thebleltcd Spirit one infinite and 
incomprehenfible God be given all prayfe, honour, and glory, now 
*and for evermore. -^/»^/?. R a A 

iV>- ^ 




(^ tN THE 


IntheYcar 1^53. 

For af immy Af dttkdhythe Spirit ifGoJythey art tht 
Sons 4fG^t, 

His only day Is went to be confecrated to tlie Ccltbratir 
OfK^theddcentof ttie holy •Spirit, tnd therefore tie- 
ferves to be ( as it is named ) tbe tiue Doniaics r> 4Z- 
iif, HijitfuJidsi: white is the coloaroflnnocencc and 
joyinrefpeaofchefirft, this, aether with the fea^ 
of Ejfw was wotii in the primitive times to be thefoIenin.feafon cS 
Btiiitifm, andfactamcntflli Regeneration; inrdpc^of the Yecond, 
it was the feafbn of the juft Triumph and exultation of the Ghuschs 
niuch was as this day graced, confinned, and tefrefhed, with the 
miraculous dcfcent of the promifed ounforter , in betKregaids every 
Chriftian challenges an intereft in it; as thefewhocIaAitobcthe. 
SonsofG&dbyBaptiftn, the Sacrament of Kegcncration, -and to be 
indued and fwnilihed with the fan^fying gifts of that hit-flcd Spi- 
rit, whole wondcriuU dcfcentwe this day cclelwatc; which how 
can we do hotter then by inquiring into what dgbc we have to. this 



holy Ipirit, and to tlm t fon-(1nip of God, which in ksox Baptifm we- 
pr«iFeis CO partake of : we are aU apt upon cU Jeaft cauie to b^ 
of our parentage. There arc Nations ( they fay ) io the world, 
whet%of ev^ man challtng^gentiltty> and kindred to their King } , 
fo are we wont todo fpirit^altyto the King of Heavm* Every one- 
InthdieSjMrtcofGodjeveryoneisthefon <^ God. It is the main' 
«:rand we have to do €»l dbe Earth ta fettle our hearts upon jul^ 

rands^ndietiiidiofthaiefoliicioniand riiistext undcnakesta^ 
tc lor OS, mfalUhty; decicbig it) that thofe, and none bur chofe^ 
ilhiib strt hi hi tbeSpirk ^G^j si^theSom •f G^d. . 

So as we need not now dimk ef cliflibiAg up into Heaven^ to 
mm the books of Gods efemaHConnfell ;nor lin^r after Emhu^ 
fiabms and Revdaeions, as fomc £maticall ^its iiie to do jnor widh * 
^ that holy Dove to wifper in our ear^ with tbit ^at ArdtM^ 
impoftctir ibutenlyJoc^fetkNiflyinto oiv own* hearts and livb } . 
and trk our felves thoiou^y by thB fure^and mfaiiuig role of W ' 
bIeflcdi^H>itie|i$aifiM¥4i4rf M^^ thejsi^ethe font 

of Gody let my fpeecn, and your attention then be bounded in' 
lAiefe thiee lunits : Here is FkUa^mvileds, To be the 5ons of God. 
Sedofidly a quafifieaciofl of the pctviledgecU Tohe led iy the Spfrit^ 
Thirdly an Umverf^ predication of that priviledge upon the per^ 
ions qualified $ 5b MiH^f if y^r^W^ dfe Spirit efG^d sre the Sok$ of 
God 5 1 need not crave your actemiotv the importance of the matter - 
diallenges it* To the firft then ; it isn 'WOMcrfuil and incxplicaUe 
piivilec^e> thisi 7> he fh Sons efGod 5 no marvdl if everyone be apt 
todaim} The ghry <>f Children mre ^eir Fahers^ Frov. 17; 6. How 
werethe JfirripUTOdupwirfi that vaki gbriacfon tliat they were 
the Sons of Aiirdhitm^ and yet they Slight nave bi^en fo ; and have 
come from hated EfM^ or ejected Ipnael : frl?M k it then to ie4je^ $$m ' 
vf the GddofAhtdh^m ? Ye teiow what JXividcodtd fay upon «hc ten- - 
der of matching into the Meed royall } ftemeth it a/htall mMter to yoM 
toietbeSoninLoiptokKiff!^} Oh^^Awtt then is it to be the true bbm? 
Ions to the great KSng of Heaven ? -The AUfins pride themfelves 
tobe derived from tret Son whom the y fay the Qioen of SheUhaA 
begotten ofherby Solomon when fte went to vHk him ; M is enough 
tlfiatit was Princely thoud^ bafc 5 how may we glory to he the^ 
true and legitimate iflue c^ tlielCfeig of glory ? the gieat Lord in the 
Obfpollisrbrou^ tnl^^iw^Saviour in hirpar^ribto/ayi^i^^ 



4^ ; 

^^mce mn Sen i ami Ammms wiclicd kinfm^ cctslil fay co him^ /^/^ 
4/-^ tbou.tie Kinff Softyfofad I as if the fon-flvp to a Kira; were a //#• 
perfedeas to^ whatfocvcr griefe or dir(:onccntmenr. "Neither is 
tbcrQ matter of honour oncly in this privclcdg bur of prott too j 
efpccially in the cafe of the Sqnj pf this Heavenly King, whofe -Sons 
4rc all beirs,as yc h^ve it v. vj. with men i(i4eed it is not fo:Amongft 
Cddschofen people the firft born cairryed away a double portion j 
buc in fome other Nations, and in fome parts ot ours, the ELdcft goes 
4 way with all ; as on the contrary others ar^ ruled by, the law or 
cuftomeof G^veHkiwl and the like inflitutions j where either the 
youngcft inherit ;or all equally ; but generally it is here ;With us con- 
trary to that old word concerning ://Wi twins, the le(&r ierves the 
'reatcc Job^^at gave great gifts to his other fons, but the King* 
(ome to the Eldeft> Jebor^niy i Chron. i u 3. foas the.reft were bur 
as fubjeds to their Eldeft Brother s in the fadiily of the highelk it is 
not fo i there ate all hetres *, all inherit the bleffin^s , the honours : 
. as all are partakers of the Divine nature ; and of every one may be 
iaid by way of Regeneration, tbit which was eminently, and fuigu* 
larly laid by the way of eternall generation of the • naturall and co« 
^ffentiall Son of God, Thou art my Son, I have' begotten thee j fo 
all are partakers of thofe bleffings, and happy immunities which^p* 
pertain to their filiation and what are they } . Surely great beyond the 
power of aipreffion j for firfi in they have a fpiritual right 
1:0 all the aeatures of God i sU thi^s 4re yatrSy faith the Apofile ; 
Afpirituall, I fay, not a naturall , not a civ ill right, which men 
have to what they legally pofiefs ; we muft take heed of this errour 
M^hich makes an Univer(all confufion where ever it prevailes : all 
tbefe earthly affaires are managed by a eivill right i which men have 
fvvhetherbydefcent, or lawfulTacquiiition : foas it is not for any 
inah to challenge an intereft, cither ad reniy or mre^ in the goods 
of anothersbut Gods children have a double claim to all they poftfs, 
ib^th eivill from men, and (pirituall from God } The Earth hsth be 
ftven to the S$iH of men^ (aith the Pfalmift j and men by juft conr 
flueft , by purchafe,bygiftconveighit legally to each other ; Be- 
ndes which they Imc a fptntuall right; for God hath given all 
things to his Son as Mediatour, and in and by him to thofe that are 
incorporated into him j fo is now in this regard every child of God is 
MiMdi dominHfi^^^ljotA^i }^ World, as that Father mily faid; 

' Se- 

*T ■ ■ ■ •> — -r^— — -^ 

Secondly, they have in chtf name ^intetcft in God himfelf ( for 
what nearer lelation can there fae^^ihen betwixt a father and a fon : ) 
An intcteft in all his promifess in all his meides> in aU that he is, ia 
all that flowes fiom htm, in his remiEian, protc&ion, provifioni 
Which of us earthly parents^if we extinguiih not oatwe in our felves, 
can be wanting in thefe thn^ to the cluldren of our Loines ? tiow 
nuich more ioipoifible is it that he who is jiS hw^ i Job.^ 1 6^ Ihould 
be wanting la thofe that are his by atnie regenerationJience is that 
enforcement) which God ufeth iy hi& Prop^t, Cm 4 it^omah ferret 
herfiicki^ childy Aa p^e fhoMld mt bavt eomMfton on the (on ofler 
womb ; yeA they fMjfof^eiy yet mil not IftgH thee ; B^old I havegrsv^ 
entheeMonthefdlmofmy hMdSy Efa^ 59. 15, i6. 

Thirdly, hence folio wies anunqueflionahle right in attendance and 
Gaardiaimupof thcblei&d Angds,. ffdL^t. 1 1. Theyare the litde 
ones whereof out Saviour, Mmh. iS^ the efpecial charge whom 
dx^ glorious Spirits ate deputed to attend , Hehr^u 14. And oh 
what an honor is this, that we aICg^alded by creatures more glori- 
cms in nature^ymoie eicellenttn place and office, then our felvcs I 
^hatacomfortahlea(&ireanc3e is this that we have thefe troopcs 
of Heavenly Sodctiers pitcliin^ their tents about us j and ready to 
lave-guardus from the malice of the pnndpalities and powers of 

Lafttyinthisiiame they have a certain, and unfatlable dafm to 
eternal glory ;. For what is that }Mt the inherirgnceof the Saints^okf.i^ 
Who (hould have your Lands but your heirs ,and Lo,thefe ' are the 
heirs of Cod y and none but they : Come ye lUJfed of my Father ^ in^ 
heripthe Kingdomefreferedfor jon ( (aith our Saviour ) MMth.i 5. 34. 
Manva one nere is borne to a fair eltace, and is ilrip't of it, whc-- 
their Iby the juft difheribn of his offended Father, or elfe by tHe 
power, or circumvention of an adverfary, or by his owa niif-go« 
vcmment, and unthnftinefs ^^ here is no danger of any.'of thefe. 
On our Fathers parr, none, For whom he hveSy he loves to the end^: 
On one Advekarte part, none, None jbdM take them out' of my bandy 
faith our^S^iour^ Tiepiie^ofOtSODaU notfrevsile AgainB his: On^ 
our part, none 5 For whereby can we lavifn- out our cftatc but hf 
Mrfins, Mihe ^h^ornt ofGndfinneth not ^ finneth not fo as to in- 
curr afor&tt;beotty'fo<finii9to.befrowned'On for the time, to be 

^My yea0eshapsi»b«weR:vvhipp«4^^^^.^ as to be 




^ - ■■ ■ ■» « ■■■■ ■ — ■W i l li - 1 ^ 

unfonned, or dif-hedtcd : Forthc&cdof'God jKtnainsinbtfQiLo 

whiles, he hatb.^ Divine feed in hiaa he is dactSoo e^ God-yogd 

wliilcs he isa Sob be cannot but Ue an heir : Qfa then the lom^i^ 

b^ and b!e0ed pr iviledgos of che Sons aiGoAl waa^tocaxiti&Mad 

^cavitb any heart.; foe who dodnxotefSc^daii bofiourofthe h^hcil: 

patent^ge, not nndcT Heaven bot in it P who can beibit elderly ^lU- 

^tious ofthe title of the Lordof the world,fo inttuef- 

fcd in tbe graat Cod of Heovi^B and £actfa, byjoi iittepasiWc rebmon 

, to be attended-oR byibofe in^wy .andniffjefii(»Uipnt|;aDd Itftly^o 

t>e feo^odtntheall-gtorioCKKingdoine«f.Uea»cti,Jaad iiamittcal 

,t!town of glory ? None of you can ^ dcdlas not defirp cabe 

.thus.luipfiy} andto askA&theblefied Virgin when .flw Meas cold ef 

Iher mtraculous.cdkKcption, ^imMUpetiptd^ Ubw ifa^ this be ? 

lEiow inayTattain\o this1>leilbd,«0OBduiQn f initsis*qcu:fttQn>yvwcll 

asking. :Oh ^ ^aor aadbafeichoc^bn of aoen .! How amy I nifiB 

myhoafe? hewmaylfettlefnyeftace? How.mayl^aagoodlMtt 

gain i how may I fave or gain ? iitmma^ .1 be mven)^ of junc 

'enemy •? whiles inthe mean time we care -not iio dcjmand .( vAm. 

tnoft concerns cts > winch way (hould IbeoKne the child of Cod f 

.:|kit, would weichow^, towhkbflU tbeWoiAd isbue otflcs^ 

Purely it ie» not fo hard as-tifcfful, whofe Sons wc ace by tnature, we 

foon know too welU It-is not enough to fay, our Father wai aa 

jlmntti and bur Mother an IV/tt/rf , or tp (ay we -me tbe xiitldreQ 

iof this world, Lulte \6, 8. «r 4/5W «f fsifilMd, ^j 57' ■4« « yet 

'v/ot(cthcehiUrrM of ri» night trnddtrlui^fi i Tb^,^.^, worfeyec, 

'■vfe9xefiliic<mtum4eU the femofwi^iAd^obe^nce^ as the or^ial 

•iuns, Edefli.^, andthttebyyet wodc , the fim af wradf^ ^jktf^ 

^. 9. and whtd) is i^e hej^ cf'all i^feries, the Sons of death ajnd 

,ctcmal damnation ■} how then, hwtsxisat we to be the -Sons uf 

vCod? It is the Almighty powar^Crace that ody cannu^tMs 

■change:: A douUcikace s the Ctvee of Adoption, chcGcace «f 

'^Regeneration : Adoption ; GtdhmhfttiiSihMttdut to Ae tuf^m ^ 

pm ly Jrftitcy^, Efh^. i. 5. Kegenevattditv So manj 'm reeeived 

■hint, he^dveihfmtbisvttnrwrigh^t»i>e muh thi Sm tf&d-i ^ftfk 

which tre hwne m ofibcd^ w we Ittfi tfH^fi^y itit hme cf Gtdyjtim 

1. 12, 1 i. and that wHdifcferrs to both, TetreiS^ ChOdrnt-^f 

iCedty faith irt<:bri^JfTuSy <?4Ztf.3.s^.'Shdrilytbenlf we^woald ht 

.^Som^rHttightars cl<jod'(^ihc<ai(e is «ae j|» bodi j >tbe ibd 



hacbnofexes^ and in Chnft there hocnher^raale nor feniale) \ve 
muft fee that wc be borne again ; not of water only j fo we are all 
facramcntally Regenerated, but of the Holy Gboft) If m) man U m 
Chriit he is a new crenture^ z Cor. 5.17. we muft not be the .men we 
were i and how (hall that be e&^ted ? In Cbrtit Jefm I kAVt begmen 
yon through t^GefpeU^ im\iih^ h^^t^ i Cor.j^ 15 • He hakie^ 
goUenushfthe ipgrdofTn^y Jdm. 1. 18.. . This word is that immor- 
tal feed whereby ^e are begotten to God s let this word therefore 
have it's |)erfecl work in us, let itrenew us in the inf»: .man ; mor^ 
tifying dU.our evill and corrupt a&dions , and raifing us up 10 a 
new life ol Grace and obedience,then God will not ihame to own us 
furhis; and we (hall not pre(iuiie in daioiing this glorious title of the 
Sons of God; Butifwebeflill our old felves, no changiingsat all, 
the fame men that we came into the World, without defalcation 
of oim: corruptions, without addition of Gr^ce, and SanAification : 
Surely we omft feek us another Father, we are not yet the Sons of 
God: But me thinks ere I was aware I am fs^ling to anticipate my 
diicourfe, and whiles 1 am teaching how W£ come to be the .Sons of 
God, am (howing how we may know that we are fo j which is the 
drift of this Scripture in the qualification here mentioned : So many ^ ' 
are led iythe Spirit of Cody are tlie Sons of God. 

It is not enough for us ( my beloved ) to be the Sons and Daugh* 
ters of God, unk(& we know our felves to be fo : for certainly , he 
cannot be truely happy, that doth not know himfeU happy ; How 
(hall we therefore know our (elves 10 be the Sons of God? furely 
there may be many (ignes and proofcsofit befides this mentioned 
in my Text, or rather, many fpecialties under dus general. As 
firft. Every Child ofGod is like his Father : It is not fo in carnall 
Generation : we have feen many Children that have not fo much as 
one lineament of their Parents s and as contrary to their difpofitions 
as if theyJhad been (Vrangers to their loines and womb : In the (piri* 
tual fbn-(h!p it is not fo, every Child of God carries the true relem- 
blanceofhisHeavenly Father s^as he that hath called you is holy, 
fo be ye holy in all piianner of converfation : Scca^fe it is written, 
Bfyeholyforlsmholyy i Pet. i. 15, i(J. Well then, my Brethren, 
trie your felves by tms rule 5 our Heavenly Father is merciful, are 
wc cmel ? Our Father is righteous in all his waves, are we un'pOi ? 
pur Heavenly Fadier is (Ipw to anger, are wc furious upon every 

S flei^ht 


flcight OGcafion ? Our Heavenly Father abhors all manner of cvillr 
do wc take plcafurem any kindof wickcdneffe? certainly we have 
nothing of God in us , neither can wt cla<m any kindred with 


Secondly, every Child that is not utterly degenerate, bears a filial 
iovetohisParents^anfweringiafomemeaiiire that naturall affedi- 
on, wliddi the parent bears towards hini s we cannot but know,, 
thatthelave of God,our Heavenly Father,towardusis no lefs thea 
infinite, /yU. 103. 13. what return do we make of love to him a- 
gain ? we can perhaps talk largely of our love to God, but wheie 
is the proof of it? Kd we love our Father in Heaven as chfldten,. 
<x)iildweftrangeourfelvesfrombis intereft? Could we indure to 
fee him wroi^ed in all his concernments? to hear his facred^and 
dread name budphemed? to fee his Ordinances trampled upon, his 
mefiengers contcmptuoufly u(ed, his hot^ and his day prophaned ^ 
would we not fpit at that fon d«t would put up fuch indignities of* 
fered to his carnal Father ? And why will we lay claim to a fon^fhip 
of God, if we can fwallow fuch fpiiitual afitontsjput upon our God ^ 

Thirdly, every not ill-namr'd, and ungracious Ion ( as God hath 
none fuch ) bears a kind of av^ll ttfycGt to his Father, both in 
. what he doth, and in what he fufers« For his adions,he dares not ta 
do any thing wilfiilly that may work his Fathers difpleafure ; and e- 
ven thofe tntngs which he would not ftick to do before a firanger, yet 
before his Father he reverentially forbeares to do ^ Iflh 4 Fstiytry 
whereismybonaur'iMAlM.u 6. Ifthenwebenot awfully affefted 
CO the prefence af God, If we dare boldly fin God in the face ; it ar- 
gues ftronsly that we have no filial relation to him : For his fuffer- 
tn« ; A cMd will receive that corrc ^on from the hand of a Father ^ 
which he would never abide from a ftranser : He that would be rea«- 
dy to repay Uowes to another man, takes ftripes from a Father, 
and anfwers them onely with tears s Thus, if we be the Sons of God; 
we do fubmifiely undergo from his hand, ^hat fatherly chaftifinent 
he (hall be {rieafed to lay upon usjbut if we be ready to ftruggle, and 
eroyningly repine at his corredbn, it (howes we do not acknow* 
icd8;e him for our Father* 

Laftly, a (on as he is wholly at. his parents di(jpo(ing : fo 
he depends upon his Fathers proviGon , expecting (nch patri- 
mony as his Father (hall beftow upon him i and waiting witk 




paucnce for fudi^hU(k!S<*part as be can have no hope of frooi a 
firanger. If we do fo toots: Heavenly father, leadii^ the life of 
faich with him , cafting our felves apoh his gracioii) providence for 
all good things of either World} and fixing our eves upon that glo- 
rious inheritance vvhkii be haih purc^fed tor usaoovr^ vvc do evi-» 
dently (hoW our (elves to be the fonsof God s but what need we a-* 
nyother evidence of this k^fled condition, then what is beie ex« 
ptefly laid down to our hands in my Text ? S^manjassre led Sj the 
Spirit jfGoJytheysred^SofU 9fG^^ 

What is it then to wltdlqrdK Spirit of God? The oiginall is 
{^y^) a word » which every Gnunfliarian knowes to fnmfie both 
i^i y zxAd^ciy to be led, ordrivens fowhcreitisfaid by one E- 
vangelift that Cbrifi wss Udinto the mldtrmfi t6 tt temptd^ Mut. 4. i« 
Of another it is K^ad ; that be was driven, Mark 1. 12. And though 
the vulgar reads!irhere qu ^mTut, yetourRheniiftsti]mit,Thofe 
that are led } noteing in the naatgin, out of St. jiuguSinei true ex« 
plication, that Gods diikbeaare not viqlemly compelled i^ainifc 
their wills, but fweetly drawii, moved, and induced to do good ; 
$0 a$ this word then implies } both an a6t of Gods Spirit working 
in us ;. aiid our comply iag viddi dtiata^ in an obedient and ready 
conformity thereunto : For wherever the ^>irit of God is^ it is not 
idle and ijieffeduall, but it is (Hlldircding and inclining unto good; 
and whofoever is led by that Spirit, yields hoafelfto the motions and 
guidance } A^ agimm 3 as the old vwrd is. In all leading therefore, 
and foio this, thmmuilbcan handtog^ide, andafoot to follow ; 
soGid motions on Gods parr, and motions in good, on ours; both 
' mefc mtift go together, elfe there is no leading by the Spirit of God. 
It is not en0i:^h that good thoudits are injected into us by the holy 
Spirit ; yea it is fo fair from avaling us, as that a man is fo much the 
worfe for tbofe good motions he entcrtaines not, as the siotions arc 
more excellent , and divine. But tbofe good in|e^ons mnft be re- 
ceived, imbraced, delighted in, and followed home in a conftant 
and hids^fwall praftife ; with a refolute rejection, and deteftation 
of the contrary. 

Befidestlmtfpiritofonrmind(£/^/.4. 2 3. ) viditch lodgeth in 
every breft ; every man is led by fome fprrit or other: One is led by 
^ fpirit of Errolir ( i Tim. 4. i. ) and fedudb'ah in matter of un- 
^ftanding: Another by the fpirit of giddinefs, Efd. 19. 14* into 

Si ^ wild 

— " ' 



wild fa ncieS) and brainfick imaginations ; another is led by the Spi-- 
rit of b ondagC) to (lavi(h fear s^ and afHidive borrours^ as in the next 
veffe to my Text j another, by the <pirit of the Worlds iCor. 1.12. 
Another ( and indeed all thefe) by the undean Spirit, as he is ufiiaUy 
ftyled, in theGofpeil j others which are all the regenerate are led^ 
by the Spirit of God: when our Saviour faid to his too fiery Difciples, 
Te kmvp not $fwhatS^rkje arty he implies that of fome fpirit they 
muft needs be: now there are thofe that pretend to le Ud ij the 
fpirit of G$dy and are not. St, PmI could upon good warrant fay^ 
ItruftlbmjetifeSfiritofGadi that tiuft was (however he moddlly 
expreifes it ) no leiTe then a certain knowledg ; but a Zidkijah on 
the other fide in a falfe preemption can fay, M>i€h way wtm Hfe Spirit 
9/ God from ni0y to fpeak to thee? 

I remember in the hittory of the Maijf tiffs of Munfter, one of 
thofe illuaunated companions of Job^ ieeoU^ and CnifferdoMng is 
faid to have kiird his own naturall Bcother in the face of his pa« 
rents ; and profefled to do it upon a revelation from the Spirit, the 
night before } And what herefies, and prodigious opinions have beeir 
fet on foot, and maintained to the death under pretence of the di- 
ction and warrant of Gods Spirit^ who can be ignohint i Let us 
therefore eric]pire how a man may know, whether he be truly led Sj 
the Spirit of God. 

Firft then the %iritofGod leads no man bat in a right way r 
and what is that but the way of Gods Commandcments ? All o- 
ther wayes are waycs of our own, oblique and crooked, as deviating 
from the (Iraight line of righteoirfneffc : In them either we lead our 
felves, or5atanleadsus; If ^ man ie tempted i let him vot fay thai 
he it tempted of God I God moves to holy duties , tojuftand charita- 
ble adions, and none but them j for he cannot be contrary to bknfelf.' 
Is there any of us therefore that is carried on in a<:our(c of unclean - 
nefle, excefs, difobedience, oppreffion, or any other fm whatfoe- 
ver 5 Alas, we are led by a contrary fpirit in the dark waves that 
lead to death and Kell. It were blafphany to father theie (infull 
mlf-lcadings upon the holy Spirit of God. 

Secondly, Gods Spirit leads no man but by a juft ttilc ; That mle 
is the wbrd of tmth, in all matter of judgment that muft dircft us - 
unciertain and variable Traditions, private and ungrounded Reve! 
lations > which are any way aoffe to this recorded will of God are 


the deceitful guides^of the fpiiit of erroar. If then any frantick or 
itiperllitious perfoii, {halt pretend any other diredtion then God 
hath given us in his revealed will s well may I fay of htm, asSr» 
Foul dares fay of an Angel from Heaven ( if any fuch could be guilty 
of that offence ) Let him be Anadiema. 

Thirdly, Gods Spirit leads his fweedy and gently, diffo»a mms 
faaviter y not in a Uuftrii^ and hurrying violence, but by a leafure- 
IV) and gracious inclination s ioinEUjshs vifion 3 7 here mas prey 
wind , Emrthquskf , iut C§d wss in mve cftkemi thefe were fit pre- 
paratives for his appearance^ bta it wss the fiib fift voice , wbcreri> 
God would be revealed, 1 Kings 19. i%. Thofe that are carried 
wirh aa heady and iurious ia^tuoufne^, and vehemence of paf- 
fion in all their proceedings , which ate all rigour and extremity s are 
not led by that good fptrit, which would be ftylcd the fpirit of 
meeknefs \ who was pleafed to defoend not in the form of an £agle, 
or any other foul of prey, bat in the form of a meek and innocent 

- Fourthly, Gods Spirit leads on in aconftant way of progreffioa 
froni grace to ^race, from vertue to vertue, like as the fun arifesby. 
degrees to lus full meridian ; vvhereas paffion goes by fuddain fiafbes ^ 
like lightning; whereof the interraprions are as fpeedy« 
mentany as the eruptions ; The very word of leading implies a 
continuance *, neither can they be faid to be led on, that nuke no 
proceedings in their way; if either therefore we go backward, or 
ftand flill in goodnefiejii we promove not from ftrength to ftrength^ 
we have no ground to think we are led by the Spirit ^ God. 

Laftly, Fieih and Spirit are ever oppofite one to the other, and 

go ftill contrary wayes, and lead to contrary ends; If^ wM after 

thefiefh^ ^fhalldye^ faith our Apoftle. Nature and Grace which 

have their hands in this manudu^n both waves, ftand in perpau- 

al oppofition to each other 5 If therefore we be led by our fcnfual 

appetite to do and affcd that which is pleafing to con upt nature, wc ' 

are led by that blind gufd the fle{b, and if the b^ind lead the blind, 

it is no marvell if both of them fall into the pit of perdiaon ^ but if 

We mortify our evil and corrupt affirdions $ crofling and cuibing our 

exorbitant and (inful defires, and bringing them forceably under the 

fl^^ftion of Gods Spirit : Now we may be ai&red to be led by the 

Sptfit of God« I , 


L . 

V W.-- I-^- V^ • 

■ i/ ■ ■ ■ 

Other pardcularicics of difcova7 might be urged, whereby we 
might eaulv judg of our own condition^ but thefe are enow whcre^ 
by we may try our lehreS) our guides and waycs: It is cleare then 
( to fumme up thefe proofes of our eftate ) that only they who walk 
in the wayes of Gods comaModemeats, who are directed by the re- 
vealed Will and word of God ; who aiefweetly inclined by the gra* 
cious motions of his Spirit r who go <m in a conltant faftuon^through 
all the degrees of giace and obedience } who reftrain their own na^ 
rural defires and atfedions, fufamitcing thecdelves wholy to the go- 
vernoicnt of the Holy Ghoftj onely they ( I %) ate led by the 
Spirit of God. 

Five forts of men there are^ theiefiDie^wbo^what challeime fo ever 
they may pretend to msdce, are not led by the Spirit of Gcd» 

Firft, thofe that go on in a known evil way ; X^^4^ nrr O X#r^M aK^ 
wAjes of tiri rigkeoufne^e ^ faid) the Piahnift : {L03 they iuec 
only the patnes of righteoufnefle in which God leads us \ theieft 
are'/4i|f4Pjr4jfr5,asthePfalmift juftly calls them, which every good 
heart, andmuch more t^ holy God utterly aUiofs; wots me that 
1 have lived to fee thofe dayes wherein any that looks with the face 
of a Chiiftian (hould maintain that iinsaie no fuis to the faithful ; 
andthatheistheholieftnianthat can fin the boldlyeft, and with 
the greateft freedom from telnftancy : Did ever any man Jook foe 
Heaven in HcU before ? Did ever any feek for the greateft good 
in the worft of evils ? This is not herefie, hut meerDevilifineswhete- 
with yet, itfeems, fome ungrounded foules, are wofuUy tainted; 
God be merciful to them, and reclaim them ere it be too late fiom 
fb daomable an impiety. 

Secondly, thofe that are led by their own vain imaginations, and 
illufive dreams in the wayes of error ; raifingunto themfelves new 
and wild opinions, andpraAifes, without any watrant from the 
written word of God. 

Thirdly, thofe that are carried by paffion, and diftemper, though 

even in good waiess turning a rel^ious heat into fiiry, and unchari- 
table ri^e; 

FourSily, thofe that make no progrefic at all in good) but either 
decay in grace, or thrive not. 

And lidftly, thofe that humour, and footh up corrupt nature,oue- 
ing only to /uifil the lufis of their own flefli:AlI thefe^whereof God 



g 1 ^ 

knowes there arc too many b the World, yea in the Church of 
God making a fair flourifli of Chrtftianity, are nothing lefle then 
led by the Spirit of God ; and therefore can lay no claim to the ftatc 
or title of the Sons $fGod : wb'ch is inferred in the connexion of thjfs 
qualification with the priviledg : being the third head of our dif- 
couric y So niMy as itre ltd ^ the Spirit of Cody drc the Som cf 

The Spirit of God, is God ; neither is mention made here of the 
Spirit only, asbyway of exciufioR of the other perfons: No, what 
one doth, ail do, acxxirdu^ to the old maxime. All the external 
works of the Trinity are indivifiUes it is good reafon then, tlat 
God (hould lead his own, and fo he doth : uxt here it will be fit for 
as^How far this leading of Gods Spirit will argue and evince this fon- 
ihip, 9nd whether every condud thereof will do it f 

Tkeretsaworkoftlie Spirit of Gqd at large ; The Spirit of God fiff^ 
mU ifcw>rW, faith the Wikman, w/ifcw i. 7. 

Not fo yet, as was the errour of P. MaiUrdus in Bernard ^ That 
Gods Spirit is M/m4iMiMfi as the God of die World, not as the foul 
of the World : As in the ftate of the firtt Tohu and Bohu^ the Spirit 
of God flattered upon the Waters, as it were to hatch the creature 
whicd ihould be pioduced, Gen. k 2. fo doth he ftill fill the world 
for the prefervation of this univerfie : But in this all , he works in 
man efpecially ; 'twere is df^iritin man^ faith EUhu inJoi^t.S. and 
the infpiration df the Almighty giveth them underftanding j yet 
this is not the leading of tms holy Spirit , that we are in hand 
with 5 lower then tnis, there are certain common graces wrought in 
men by the Spirit of God ; as (ome general i luminations m the 
knowledg of divine things ; fome good mor^l difpofitions, fome 
reihrain ts of evil inclinarions and actions, whicii yet will never reach 
to evince our fon-(hip to God. Hew eaffly were it for me to name 
you divers Heathens which have been eminent in all thefe, and 
yet< for ought we knovfr ) never the nearer to Heaven ; yet lower, 
there arc fome fpeciall gifts of the Spirit which we call Charifmstdy 
rare endowments beftowed upon fome men, excellent faculncs of 
preaching, and praying ; power of miraculous workmgs ( as no 
doubt Judds did caft out Devils as well as the beft of his fellow- A- 
poftles) gifts of tongues, and of ft-ophefie and the like, which do no 
nwic argtw a right to the ion-fliip of God, then the Mmusries in- 





fufed skill of Bej^aleel and Aholid could prove them Saints jyet^Iaftly, 
there may be fcnlible operations ot the Spirit of God upon the foul in 
the influences of holy motions into the hearty in working a temporary 
faitbj and fome fair progrclTe in an holy profcffion, and yet no fon- 
fhip ; the world is tuU of fuch glow-wormesj^ that make fomc 
-^ ihowot Spiritual Light from God, when they have nothing in 
them, but cold crudities that can ferve for nothing but deceit. 

Will ye then fee, what leading of the Spirit can evince us to be 
ihe Sons and Daughters of God 5 know then that if we will hope 
for acomfortableaffurance hereof : wc muftbc efficacioufly lc<lby 
his fanftifying Spirit, firft in matter of judgment , fecondly in our 
xUfpofitbns, and thirdly in our pra^e. 

^ Jor matter of judgment, ye remember what our Saviour faid to 
lus Difciples ; whentheSfirit of truth h come he mil lead jou im$ aU 
Truths John i($. 13. That is into all faving and neccflary truthcss 
fo as to free us from groflfe ignorance, or main crrour : Whofoe* 
jver therefore is enlightned with the true and folid knowledge of all 
thofe points of Chrutiando£krinc, which are fequifite for falvation, 
is in that firft regard led by the Spirit ; and ih this behalf hath a juft 
-title to the fon-(hip of God, ascontrarilythofe thatare grofly and 
obftinately erroneous in their judgment of fundamental truthes, let 
them pretend to never fo much holincife in heart, or Mic^ fliall 
in vain lay claim to this happy condition of the Sons of God. 

For our difpofition fecondly. If the holy Spirit have wrought our 
Jiearts to be right with God in all our affedions 5 if we do tocerely 
love and fear him, if we do ttuely believe in him, receiving him as 
not our Saviour only, but as our Lord 5 If our defires be unfained 
towards him ; If after a meek and penitent felf-dcjeftion we can find 
ourfelvescaifedtoa lively hope, and firm confide nee in that our 
felefled Redeemer 5 and (hall continue in a conftant, and habitual 
fruition of him, being thus led by the Spirit of God, we may be 
alforcd that we are the Sons of God j for flefti and blood cannot be 
;accef(ary to thefe gracious difpofitions. 

Laftly for our pra«ftife, it is a clear word which we hear God fay 

by Ezfkiely IwiifutmjSpiritintothemidfiofyoui MdwiBby itcaufe 

you to jpslkwmifflatuteSy and keep my UmSy Ezeeh. 3^. 27. Lo hereio 

is the main en 6$ of a foul led by the Spirit of God, and adopted to 

. tlHs heavenly fon-{hip. It is Qotforustocomentour fclves to talk 

"" ' of 




. • MJ 

ofehelawcsofottrGodi4mdro iwtkccimptyand formal ptofeflfr- 
ens of his name. 

Here muft be acootimied walk in Gods ftatutes ; jt will not ferve 
the tilme for us to ftumble upon fome acceptable work, to ftep a- 
Hde a little into the pathes ot godline£t, and the n draw back to the 
World ; no my beloved, this leading ot Gods Spirit muft neither be 
a forced angariation (as if God would feotfe grace and falvation up- 
^n us againll our wills ) nor fome fuddain protrafion to good, nor a 
meer^ a6ual , cDomrfltadiy , tranfient condudion j for a bininr- of 
holine{& and away, leaving us to the finful wayes of our format 
4iiobedience, and to our wonted compliances with the Worldi^'thft 
Devil^ andtheJFleih; butmuftbeinafteady, raimtcmipted^hi^i* 
xual cc^rfe of holy obedience i (o as we mav fincerely profe^ with 
the man after Gods own hear ^ Mjfmd})ahfkeftAjJF^imMts^>*Md 
J'hyethem exceedingly^ • Ffal. iip. ^7. Now then UcavChriftiam 
lay ckis to heart lenoufly \ and cadi your felves fadty < txk this triafi : 
What is the carriage of our lives ? What obedknce do we ycild 
to the whole law of our God ? If that be entire, hearty , univerfal, 
conft^nt, perfeverant , and tmly confdentious, we have Whereof 
to re Joyce ; an unfailing ground to palle a confident judgment upon 
our (piritual eftate, to be no lefTe then k^py. But if we be wil- 
lingly failing in the unfained defires and indevours of thefe holy per- 
formanccs^) and (hall let loofe the reins to any known wickednefle ; 
we have nd part nor portion in this bleficd condition: Mark, I be- 
feechyou, how fully this is afTcrted to our hands, in this (faith the 
heloved Apoftle ) the Children of God gremanifejiy snd the children of ^ 
the Devil i jphefoeverdothmtrighteonfneffeisnotofGod^ neither he thai 
loves not his brother y i Joh. 3. 10. Ohfervclpray you what teft we . 
are put to : ye hear him not fay who fo talks not holily, or who (b 
protef&s not godlineflc 5 in thcfe an hypocrite may exceed the bcft 
Saint.; but whofoever doth not righteoufncf& : withall fee what a 
claufe the Difciple of love fuperadds to the mention of all Rkhte- 
oufneffcX neither he thdt loves not bis hodw ) furely^ the Spirit ofGod 
is a Zoving Snrit^ mfdom I. ^ and St. Fid hath the like phrafe,ie0m. 
1 ?• 30. To let pafle then all the other proofes of our guidance by 
tli fpirit : Inftancebut in this one : Alas my Brethren what is be- 
come of that charitable, and chriftian carriage of men towards one 
another, which God requires of us and which was wont to be con- 

T ipicuous 


fpicaous amongft Chniktao .compatriots. We is me, inftead <tf 
chat tiue and nearcy love which our Saviour would have the Ltveiy 
of our Difdplc-fbiptthe hadg of our holy jprofeiEon, what do wc fee 
but eirailacioi^nvy,& mali^, rigid ceoiures, and cancDcoos 
burnings amongft men ? In flead of thoTe neighbourly^ andf 

•0ices which Qttiftians vitere wont lovingly to perfotme to 

dier, what have we now in the common pniSife of men, bax un- 
derminings, opprefions, violence, cruelty? Can. we chink that 
tile Spirit of him who woold be ftyled Lcveit filf, wonld leadus 
in dicfe rt^ed , and Uoody padxs ? No, no, chis alone is coo 
dearaproofhowgceata^teuigertheSpiritofGodis todie hearts 

and waies of men s aodrtiow few chete are that upon good and finne 

Sounds can j^ad their ri^ to die fon-fhip of God r Alas, alas, if 
efedifpofittonsandptarafesmay bewxayche fons of an holy Gbd, 
what can men do CO prove chemielves che children ^that helltfh 
Afim, who was a man-flayer ham tint beginning? Foe us, my 
beloved : CAi kc us hate and bewaite chis common degeneration of 
Chriftiaos ; and at we would be, andbe acknowteded che Tons of 
God, Let m flit o»saAeeUBtfG*dlfhi Slid behved^ hmeU of meret 
kiiniiufff'i hmbleneffe of mimiy mekniffe, 2»^-A/<^*S 9 foriemri 
one smther, forgiving oneMotber^ ^ we bsve a qnmeU sgdi^ 4« j. 

even4sChr$ftforgMjeMimiMhve4nthefetbii^Sfnto»eharayy wUcb 
ts the iond ofperfeBnefe^ Cobf. 3. i», 13, 14. Andlaftly, forlak- 
me the nufr^dance of 5atan, che World, and our comipc nature 
which will lead us down CO che chambers of death, and eternal dc- 
ftraftion, fccus yieldapourfelvesco be led by che holy ^piiicof 
God in ['all che wayes of righteoufneflc, and holynefle, ot piety 
juftice, charity, and all manner of gradous convcrfation, chacvve 
maychetcbyapproveourfelvesdielonsand daughters of God, and 
mav be feoffcd in thacHefled inheritance which he hath laid up for 
all his i CO che pofleffion whcredf may he happfly hrihg us who hath 
dearly bought us, |cfusChrift che righteous; to whom vH^h cbe Fa- 
Aeraadchebleflcdfpiric, one infimce God, be giv6n allpraife ho- 
iH)ur,,and glory, now and forever. uinug» '^ > 





O N: 


^Thereis']'sti'»f*o veep, and a time to Ungby 4 time 
to month , nnda time to dance. 

Need Dot tell you that Splamn was a ipnTc inati» 

wifdom^ as it was in an cxtraardioary meafurc put into 

liimbyliimthatiswifdomitielf s (b was itin a moce 

then ordinanf way ia^)ioved by hb diligent obfervati«^ 

on ; his obtervauon was Univeifal oT times, chtngs, 

perfons^ a^ons, events : neither did be lock his es^erimcnts i^ 

in the dofetof hisownfareft s but by the ditedioti of Gods Spine 

laid them fonh to che Wodd in this divine fetmon, whicb^ not as 

aKing)butasaIV)phethepreach'ttoallPi^rity. Every fcntence 

here therefore is a dictate ot the holy Chou ; it is not Solomon then, 

but a greater then Solomr/y even the holv Spirit of the great God 

that tells you there is not a time onely, kit a fcafon too, for every 

tHng and for every purpofe under Heaven : thac is ( as I hope you 

can take it no otherwife ) for every good thing, or indifferent i as 

for evill things or adtions, if men finda doie, yet fnre God allowes 

no fealon t thofe are alwayes damnably-umeafonable abufes of 

times, and of our felves : not to meddle with other particulars : 

our thoughts are now by the divine providence pitch't upon,4 time 

towtepy a9ulAUmetohu^byisHm>etomdurMy sad 4 time to elstuiyOt 

rather onely upon the time to weep and mourn, for our time q£ 

laughing and dancing is paft already : and perhaps we have had too 

much of that in our tonner times ; which makes the caufes and de^^ 

grees of our now weq)ing and mourning , as more uncouth, fo 

T a irtore 



iX^. The Monrner in Sion. 

more intenfive : wc muftbe fo much deeper in our mourning by 
how much we have been mote, wild ^ and wanton in our laudhter^ 
and dancing. Tofail ri^hc down therefore upon our intendra dif- 
courfe without any previous ctrcuffllocutionsw: There is a. threefold 
time of jUft mburmng. i . When a man is fcufiUe oF his puntthmen ts. 
2. Ofhisfins, 3. Of his dangers. - 

Of his puniflnnems firft) or rather which is more general^ of 
his affli^bns : for all afHi^ims are not intended for pumftimenes ; 
fome are fa^erlf chaftifments onely for our good^ whereas all pun* 
iflimentsare afllidivc ; when we are whip't then ^ when weimart 
with the rodj wc have caufc to weep, and if in this ca(e we ihcd 
Aotearsitisa (ign of a gtacelefie heart- It is time therefore to, 
mourn when we are preued by fufferings, whether from, cfac (qi- 
mediate hand of God, or mediately by the hands of men ; whether 
byprivate^orpubljque calamities^ are we fmittenin o^rlKxiies by 
Jomp painfull and incurable diftafes ? Doth the ^ftilence r^e in 
cu^ftreets? Hath God forbidden us the infltience of. Heaven and 
curft the Earth with batrenneifc ? Hath he broken the flaffe of k'e:^^ . 
andfent leanne0e into out l^s? H^th he humbled us with the 
fcarfuH cafiialties of 6rc orwaier ? by wrafttki' at iciiy by lightnings 
and tempefts by land ? hath he fent murtaih amongft our cirtle^ and 
def^oying^yermineintoourbamcs, and fields? now God tells ug 
k is a time to mourn ; are we difquieted in duiminds by fome over- 
tn altering paffions of griefc, for the mrfcarriages of children, for 
the fecret difcontents of domefHcall jars , for un juft calumnies^ 
caft upon our good name ? are wemolefted in our mindcs and fpi- 
ritswithimpetuous^and no Icfle importune then hatefuU Tcmptar 
tions|?.nowirisatimetomourn:dowc find in oUr fouls a decay, 
and • languifhmcnt of grace , a prfcvalencc of thofe corruptions 
which we thought abatedin us ? 1)6 we find our felvcs deeply foul- 
fkk with our (iiifullindifpofitions? Short/y, do we find the face of 
our God for the time withdrawn from us ? Now, now it is a time 

If we turn our eyes to thofe evils which arc cafr upon lis bv tlic 
hands of men: Do men find therafelves dtffpoyltd of their efiatcs, 
rcfltairted of their Liberties, tortured in their bodies ? Do they 
find the wofull mifcries of an inteftine war ; killings, burnings, de- 
populations ? do they find fire and fword «gtng in the brfom of 


The Mourner in Sion. 


our Land } now it is a time to mourn. Were thefc evils confi- 
ned cofomefcw pcrfons; to fome fpecial families, tliey were wor- 
thy of the tears of our compaffionj for it is our duty to weep with 
thctn that weep ; but where they are univcrfal, and fpread over 
the whol? face of any Nation^there cannot be found tears enough to 
lament them. 

Punifhments then arc t^ ^ canfe of our forrow and mourning ; 
but to a goodhean fin is fo much greater caufe of mourning, by how 
much a moral evil: is more then a natural s and by how much the dif- 
pleafiire of an Almighty God is worchv of more regard then our 
own fmart : Doth thine heart then tell thee that thou haft o^ended 
the Majefty of God by fome gt^ous fin ? now is thy time to weep 
and moiime 3 as thou wouloeft /#r thy^nljfon ; now it is time for Zfcbar. 
thee to be in bttternefle, 4s$netbatisiM biuern^e fsr his^riilwrnti ^^* ^o*' 
Thy foul is foul, wa(h and rince it vwth the tears ot thy repentance} 
^o forth with Teter^ and weef bmerlj. Doft thou findc in the place 
M^iere thou liveft that fin like fome furious torrent bears down all 
before it ? now it is time for thee to mourne for the fins of thy peo- 
ple ; and to fay as the holy Pfalmift did^ Rivers of uaiers tub dop^n ^^^j- ^ ^^ 
mint eyes J becaufe men ketf Mt thy Um* * ^ * 

£aftly, as our fiifferings and our fins make upia due time for our 
mourning, fo do our dangers alfo ; for fear is no lefle affli<ftive then 
pain -, yea I know not whether there can be a greater pain then the 
expeiftadon of imminent nniifchiefs : Do we therefore ice extremities 
ofjudgments hovering over ©ur heads, ready to fall down, like 
Sokoins fire.and brimftone, from heaven upon us s Jiow is it high 
time to moume for the anteverttng of a threathed vengeance : 
ihortly therefore, to fum up all that we have fpoken, whether we 
feel evils of punifhmcnt or fear them ; or be confcious of the evils 
of fin that have deferved tbem,we cannot but finde ita juft time to 
jr^^/7 Md mourne. r 

And now to come home dofe to our felvesj can any man be fo 
wilfully blind as not to fec^ that all thefc are met together to wring 
tears from us, and to call us to afolemn and univerfal mourning: 
What fingle men fuffer, themfelves bcft feel j and our old word is. 
The wronged man writes in marble : I meddle not with particulars: 
Our pains of body, ourlofleiinoureflate, our demeflique croflcs, 
our wounds of Spirit as they are kept up in our twn brealb, {o they 
. , juftly 

581 The Mourner in Sion» 

jttftly call us to private humiliations } if wc caft abroad our eyes to 
mor^ publick afi^ons s have we not fcen that God hath let his 
fea loofc upon us in divers parts of our Land i as if for a new judg- 
ment upon us, he would rctraft the old word of his decreed limita- 
tion 5 Hitherto fhab tbom ceme^ hutmfwrther^ adhere fbaS thj frond 
wAves be ftsjed^ Jot. 38, 1 1- Hath not God given us in divers parts 
of our Nation a feeling touch of fomc of the Egyptian plagues, in 
the mortality of our cattle, in the unufual frequencie of noyfome 
and devouring veimine: But wo is me, allthefe are but flea-bites 
in contparifon of that defhfi^ve fword that hath gone through the 
Land, and(heatheditfelfin the bowels of hundred tboufands of 
brethren. Ob thdt my head mere waters^ 4md mine eyes 4 fonntsm of 
tesrSy thst I might weep day Md mght for the /lain of the dottgker (f my 
People J Jer. 9. u Was there ever a more fearfiil example of dn^ine 
vengeance agaitift any Nation then to be armed againll each other 
to tneir mutual deftm^on : that Chr^tian compatriots, brethren, 
(hould pour out each others blood Uke water in our fhreets, and 
leave their mangled carcafles for compoft in our Fields ? That none 
but the fharper iword (hould be left to be the arbiter of our deadly 
differences j that Fathers and Sons ihould fq put eff all natural aN 
fedion as to think it no violarion of piety to cut the throats of each 
other : Oh that we have lived to fee the wuful havock that the hel« 
Ii(h fury of war hath made every where in this flcurifhing and po- 
pulous Ifland s thr* flames of holHle futie rifing up in our Towns and 
Cities s the devaftation of our fiuitful and plealant Villages ; the 
demolition of our magnificent Stiufhires, the fpoiles and ruines of 
thofe flicks that (hould be facred, in a word, this goodly Land for 
a great part ofit turned to a very Golgothay and Aceldama: Thefe, 
thefe my brethren, if our eyes be not made of pumices , mcft needs 
fetch tears from us; and put us into a confunt habit of mourn- 

And if our puniftiments deferve thus to take up our hearts, whett 

ftiall wc find room enough for fufficient (brrow for thofe hcMtiUe 

flns that have drawn down thefe heavy judgments upon us ? , , 

Truly, beloved teethren, if we were wholly refolved into tears, 

I KiH. 8« and if every drop were a Ifaream, we could not weep enough for our 

f^' own fins, and the fins of our People : Let every man ranfack his 

own bceaft, and finde out the plague of his own bean : but for 


The Mourner m Sion. i c 

. the prefenc. Jet mc have leave a little to lay before you ( though « 
is flo pleating objcd) that common le[>rofie of fin, wherewith the 
fittcofthismifctablc Nation is over-fprcad, whether in matter of 
ptaAife, or of opinion : Foe the foimcr, (hoold I gather op all the 
complaints of toe Prophets which they have taken up of old agatnft 
cheir Jfraelaad Juda, and apply them to thisChuich and Nation, 
you would verily iW: them cdculatedto this cur meridian j as if 
our (insAvere thiers,and their reproofs ourtwlttt one fin can be nam- 
ed in all that black bedcok of wickedneflc^reduMied up bn' thofe boli- 
ly (fienilos cenfiffs,whidi we mnft netown foroospQf wlum do you 
think the Prophet Efaidt fpeaks, when he faycs, raw igiquities bsvt 
fepsrstedbetweat you Mud jour 60di snd jour fimtutve hid hts ftue from 
yoMy tb4tbemillmtbe4ri.forjcifrbMidsgre defiled midt ilood^ 4ml jour 
§figers with imtimtji jom lips baveJiokeM UeSy jour tougue kiUb mutter- 
ed ferverfuejfet Efdj s^. a. g. Of whoardoye think the Prophet 
Jt<£iedh fpeaks, when he faycs, Tte riAmenl^ereoftrefuO of violence^ 
MdHre tidtsiitMfits thereof have ^oien lies y atd their toMme is deceitfuU 
imHfeirmoutbes} MicA 6. 12. Do we think of ^>icurifme and 
ielf-iadulaence i Whom do we think the Proplm y^mos fpeaks o^ 
when he faies, ffitietothemthut4reate4fei»^iofty HuU f^ furr umsj 
theeviUdtjy dndciufe die fua of violence t^eomenegri ^tjeuf^Mi 
of fvorji andfireteb themfelves upon their touches , df^t drink wine /'- 
howleSy and anoint dfemfilves with d» chief ointment , lut thej are ne 
grieved for the i^iaion ofjofhhy^mot 6. r. 3. 4. 6, Tell me, btcthier 
was there ever more riot and exce(le in diet and clo^s, inbel!> 
cheer, and back-timber then we fee at this day ? Do wc think ot 
drunkennefle and furfets ? Ofwhom do we think £/» fpeaks, when 
be faith. They have erred tbro^h trine, and thrush firong drink are 
out of the way ; the Priefi and the Prophet home erred throi^h firongdrink 
( Indian fmoak was not then known ) thej are fkaUowed up- ofwincy 
thejare ««! of the way through firong drink, wejerre in vifion^ theyfiumile 
in iudgment, for aS tailes are full of vomit and filthin^e ? £/4y. 2 8, 7. 
Of whom doth the Prophet Ho/^* fpej^, when hefayes, vphoredome 
and trine and new Mne take away the heart ? well may thefe two be put 
together, for they fcldom go afunder j but tell me, brethren, was 
there ever fuch abominable beaftlintfle in this kindc as rai^ns at this 
diy, fince the hedg of all EcclefiafticaU Junfdi^on was ttrowne 

I ' Aud 

I ■ 1 

1 to Tibtf HoHTttev in Sion, 


^««» t»m^ 


And it wc think good to put thclc and fomc other of their damna- 
ble fociety together; of whom do we think the Prophet Hofe^k fpcaks, 
when he I'aycs, The Lord h/L'b a cojstroverfy with the Lamiy hecst^ 
there is M truths m mercj^ no knwledg of God in the LMd. By freari^^ 
M^dljingy andhllingy undBeslingy Md committing Suiter jithej break 
$ut^ blood toHchcth hlood ? Hof. 4. i. 2. Do ye think of perjury? 
Of whom do ye think the fame /fi?/V4 fpeaks, when helayesj Tkej 
hsveffoken jpordifmemngfalfly in making 4 cavenm ? Hof. 10. 4. Do 
we thinkof the violation of holy things and places ? Of whoni do 
wc think the Prophet Efay fpeaks, when he layes. Is this hottfe mhkh 
if ciJledhy my nme become 4 den of robbers in yo»r qes/y behoU^ien I 
hsvefeen it^ faith the Lord >Efay. 7, 1 1. 

I could eafily tire you ( if 1 bive not done fo already ) with the o- 
dious parallels of our fins with Ifracls. Yet, one more, 60 wc 
think pf'tbe bold intmfion of prefumpmous perfons into the facrcd 
callii^^ without any comuiiilion froin God ? Of whom do we tbiric 
the Prophet J^^wylpeaks? Tilv Profhets frophefy lies in mi nmty I 
fern them wAy neither have 1 commanded themy norfpake $tnto tbem : They 
frofbefyuntoyouafalfevifiony andthe deceit of their ovm hearty Jer. 14. 
14. and again, IhaVt natfent tkefeFrofbetSy yet they runy I have not 
fpokea to themy yet they propbefyed. Jer. 2 g . a I . To what pyfpofe (hbuld 
I inftance in moceias I eauly might ; as praftical atherfme/aliehood^ 
ciuelty, hypocrify, ingratimde, and in a word, umverfal corrupti* 
on : O EnglandyEfigla^ytoo like to thy fifter Ifrael in all Ix^r fpiritual 
deformities, if not rather to thy filler Sodome. Behold this was the ini- 
qai^ of thy Sifter fodomcy pridcy ftdneje of bread and abundance of idle- 
nejfe was in hery neither did fbe jlrengthen the hands of the poor and needyy 
Ezfchiel 16. /^9. Lo, thou art as haughty as (he, and haft commit- 
ted all her abominations \ But that which 'yet aggravates thy fin, 
isthyftubbomeincorr^blenefTe, and impudence in offending : \s 
it not of thee that the Prophet Jw^f/jf) fpeaks. This «r a Nation that 
obeyeth not the voice of the Lord their God^ nor receiveth correHion I Jer. 
'J. 2 8. For, O our God, haft thou not whipt us foundly, and drawn 
blood of us in abundance ; yet, wo is me what amendment haft thou 
found in us?what one exceflfc have we abated^ what one fin have we 
.reformed.^ what one vice have we quitted ? Look forth brethren in- 
, to the World, fee if the lives of men be not moreloofejrnd law- 
lelfe^ their tongues more profane, their hands more heavily oppref- 

The ^oHrmr in Sion. i(j i 

(ivc^ their converfation more faithlefle) chetr contrafts more frau* 
duleot, their contempt of Gods mc&ngers more high^ their neg« 
U£t of Gods ordinances more palpaUe then ever it was : Yea^ have 
not too many amongft us^ added to their unreformation an impu* 
dcnce iq^ finning ? Isitjiotot'theie that the Prophet fpealKth ; H^ere 
they afbdmedn^n they bad committed abomsMtioni Nay they were not 
s3:)Mmed4t 4lly neither e$uld they ilajby therefore JhaSthejfdBdmofig them 
tbatfal/^ in the time of theJr vijitstion they fbsO te cdtt domn^ faith the 

By this time I fuppofe you fee how too much caufe we have to 
mourn for thofe fms of pra^fe which havefeccht down judgments 
upon us, turn your eyes now a Uttle to thofe intellc^al wicked-^ 
nctks which we call /ins of Opinion ; Opinion ( think fome of you 
now ) alas what (b ^at otfence can there be in matter of conceits 
and in thofe refults of ours ratiocination which we picht upon in the 
cafes of Rel^ion ? let- me tell you , dear Chrimaas^ what valu- 
ation foever you may pleafe to iet upon thefe capital errours of the 
underftanding fet abroach for the feduftion of fimple fouls ^ 
there is more deadly mifchief, and higher ofience to God in thm^ 
then in thofe pra^cal evils which honeft hearts profefs to abhorr ; 
Thefe, as they are the immediate fills of our fpiiicuall pan s fo they 
do more immediately ilrike at the God of Spirits in his Truth, and 
holinede s and as Kdigion is the higheft concernment of the foul^fo 
the depravation of Religion mull needs be moft dangerous, and 
damnable. It is no marvell therefore i£ a truly- zealous Chriftian 
could even weep his eves out to fee &c heat thofe hellifli here(ies,& 
Atheous paradoxes wnich have poyfoned the very air of our Church 
wherein they were vented ; Onebeats the keys into the fword, or 
hangs them at the Magiftrates girdle ; fo as he fufpends religion up* 
09 the meier will and pleafure of feveraignty: One allowes plurality, 
or community of Wives s another allows a man to divorce that 
wife he hath upon fleight occafions, and to take another : One is a 
Ranter, another is a Seeker , a third is a Shaker : One dares 
queftion, yea difparage the facred Scriptures of God s another de-> 
nies the Souls immortality, a third the Bodies refurredion : One 
ipitsJiis poyfon upon the bleiled Trinity s another blafphemes the 
Lord Jems, and oppofes the eternity of Ms Godhead ; One -is alto- 
gether for infpirations , profeifing Hmfelf above the fphere of all 

V Or- 

The Mourner in Sion. 

' 'm 

^^dinanccs^yca above tbe blood of Ckrifthimlclf; Another teaches 
that the mjrc villanie he can commit, the more holy he is j thar 
only confidence in finning is pcrfeftion of fan(ftity ^ that Acre is na 
hcli but remorfc. To put an end to this lift of blafphcmics the ve- 
ry mention whereof is enot^ to diftemper my tongue and your 
cars J One mifcreant dares give himfelf out for God Almighty : A- 
nother for the Holy GhoftjAnother for the Lord Chrift, Another (^ 
vile adulterous ftrumpet) for the Virgin Msrj 5 O God, were there 
everfuchfrenziespoflefledthebrainesofmen? as tbefe (ad times 
have yieled .^ Was ever the Devil fo prevalent with the fons of 
men ? Neither have thefc prodigious wretches fmothered their 
damnable conceits in their impure breafis, l»t have boldly vented 
them to the World, fo as the very preflcs are openly defiled 
with the moft loathfome difgorgments of their wicked blaibhemiesr 
Here, here my dear brethren, is matter more then enoiagn for ovir 
mourning ; Ii we have any good hearts to God, if any love tohis- 
truth, it any teal for his glory, if any care for his Cmirch, if any 
compaffion of either periuiing or endangered fouls, we cannot but 
apprehend juft caufe of pouring out our felves into tears for io hor- 
rible affronts offered to tbe dread Majefty of our God, for fo inex- 
' piable a fcandal to the Gofpel which we profefle, for fo odious a 
confpurcation of bur holy profefiion, and laftly, for the drcadfiil 
damnation of thofe filly fouls that are fe<kiced by thefe curfed im- 
. poftors. 

Ye have feen now what caufe we have of mourning for fins both 
of Praiftife and Opinion^ 

Itrcmaincsnowthat we confider what caufe of mournin<^ we 
jnay have from our dangers : for furely fear as it is alwaycs joyncd 
with grief, fo together with it is a juft provoker of cur tears. And 
here if I fhould abridge all the holy Prophets ; and gather up out 
of them all the menaces of judgments which they denounce ao^ainft 
their finfuU Jfrstly I might wefl bring th«m home to our own doors 
and juftly affright us. witn the expeftation of fuch further revenge 
from Wvine juftice 5 for how can we othcrwife think but that the 
fame fins mutt carry away the fame puniflnmcnts > The holy God 
is^verconftant to his own moft righteous proceedings; rfthcn our 
fmsbclike theirs, why fhould we prcfumc upon a <iflimi]itudc of 


The Mourner in Sion, * i (? 3 

Ho^ then it is eify to dcfcry a double danger worth our mourning 
for J the one) offurtherfmart item the hand of God for our con- 
tinuing) and menacing wickedneffe ; the other of further degrees 
of corruption from our felvcs : For the fitft^ let that fad Prophet 
J^r^w^b tell you, what we may juftly fear. They are not humhledf'- 
ven unt4 this d^jy neither have they feared mr walked in my U» j There^ 
fire thi46 faith the Lord ofH^ftSy the God of Jfraely Behold I wi&fet my face 
^ain^ yonfor evilly ami taaa$ fall Judah^ Jer. j^a,. lo. 1 1. and if 
ye will have pvticularitieS) have we not caufe to tear that he will 
make good upon us that fearful word, / have taken away my feace 
from this peofte^ faith the Lerdy even Uvii^ kindnefje and mercies ? Jer. 
^6. 5. This is an ablative jadgmeut) and that a heavy one too; 
will ye fee a pofitive one^ more heavy then that ? Behold I wiSut^ 
terly forget you 5 Oftd I miM forfake iou^ and the City that^ I gave to 
you and ymr forefathers y and cap you out of my pre fence. And 
I will iring an everlafiing reproach upon you y and a perpetual 
jbame which fhaU not te forgotten. Jer. 23.3^3 40. Will ye have the 
fpecialicies of his thrieatned judgments ? Behold I will fend upon them 
^f wordy the f amine y and the pefiilence y I will pepfecuto them with aU 
thefe^ and will deliver Hfem to be removed to all the Kingdomes of the 
Earth to he a curfcy and an aftonifhment and an hifpngy and a reproach a* 
ntong all Nations. Jer. 29. 17 y i3. But enough, enough of thefe 
dolefuU accents ofinterminated judgments, wherewith if I would 
follow the fteps of the Prophets I might ftrike your hearts with juft 
horrour : See now the no lef(e danger that arifcs from our felves j 
no lefle i Yea much greater ; for the higheft revenge of all other 
that God takes of men, is when he punifbes fin witn fin : Let me 
therefore fadly and ferioufly tell you, that there is juft fear we arc 
running apace into two wotul milchiefs, Atheifme and Barbarifme: 
<3h that I were a falfe Prophet, and did not fee too much ground 
of this fear. The multiplicity of thefe wild opinions in matter of 
Religion, if there be not a fpcedy reftraint, can have no other i^Cy 
but no Religion : And.if we.fhould live to fee difcouragements put 
upon Learning and a fubftradon or diminution of the maintenance 
of ftudied Divines, and an allowance of, or connivence at unlet- 
tered preachers ; and no care taken of any but fome feleft foulcs, 
iterance, confufion, and barbarity will be the next newes that we 
fnallhearof from the Church of JE/gii^fl''. 

V 2 "" Brc- 


1 6/^ The^Mourner in Sion. 

Brethren, if we fee doc thefe caufes of fear we are blind, and if 
feeing them we be not affc^d with them, we are fiopid^ 

Let tlus be enough to be fpoken of thofe grounds thai make a: 
juft time of our mourning : now that our leafonable mourning may 
not be to no purpofe s let us inquire a little how this out moumii^ 
(hould be regulated for the due carri^e and conditions of it : And 
firft for the quantity of its it muft be proportioned to the oocafion 
and c^fe upon which it is taken up: for to mourne deeply upon 
fle^ht and trivial caufes> were weak and childiih ; like to thofe 
faint hearts that arc ready to fwoun away for the fcracch of a fin- 
ger: on the conorary not to mourne heavily upon a m^^i caufe of 
grief, argues an infenfate and benummed heart.. 

If ic be for fome velieoient afflidion of body, good Ezekish is • 
lawfull prtcedent for us. Like as a Ctmc^ or sfwAamfo did Icbmen. 
I did mourne as adove^ mine ejes fail with hokiitg upward \ IfaiJh 38*. 
14 » If it be for fome great publick calamity, Jeremie tells you 
what to do ; For thk^ird yo$t with fack^th^ lamtm and boml^ for the 
fierce aftger of the Lord is not turmd lack from as^Jeremj^. S. and Gods 
chofen People are a fit pattern j The Elders of the das^hter ofZionfit 
upon the ground and keep filencey they have caH up duH upon their headsy 
they have girded b)emf elves with fackclothy theFirgins ofjerufalemhang 
down their heads to the ground^ Lament. 2. 10. and the Prophet bears 
/them. company in their foh^ow. Mine eyes do fail with tears^ myhoweU 
are troubled^ my liver is poured upon the earthy for, tha^ defiruStton of^ 
daughter of my PeopUy Lament. 2. 11. 

If it be for fome pcrfonall and grievous fin that we have been mif- 
carried into : Holy David is a meet example for us j My tones ^ faith 
he, waxed oldy through my roaring all the day bng ; for day and night thy 
hand was heavie upon me } my moifture is turned into the drought of Sum-- 
piery Pfal 32. 3,4* and elfcwhere. My fare ran in the nighty and 
eeafednoty my foul refufed to be comforted •^ Icomplainedy and my Spi^ 
rit was over-whelmed^ Pfal 77. 2, 3* .Where are thofe pandarsof 
fin the RomiAi cafuifts, that teach the leaft meafure of foirow, even 
meet attrition, is enough for a penitent. Surely, had the man after 
Gods own hean thought fo, he had fpared many a figh, and ma- 
ny a fobbe, and many a tear that his fins coft him ; and fo muft they 
do us, if evtt we hope to recover true comfort to our fouls \ and 
certainly could we be rightly apprchcnfivc of the dread Majc fty of 

. . tf:c 

'*■■'■' ' ■ H I I 

7 he Mourner in Sion» 1 6^ 

the moft h^h God whom we OKyve to anger with oor (b ; and coul^^ 
consider the hainoufnefs uf fin whereby we provoke the eyes of his 
glory } andlaftly tbedreadfiilnefsof that eternal tcMrment which 
our fin drawes after it ^ we could not think it eafy to fpeod too 
much forrow upon ottf fins. 

Laftly^ if from our own priviite bofome^ we (hall caff oor eyes 
upon the common fins of uie times^ and places wherein we Im^ 
a taft whereof I have given you in this our piefent d^courfe ;. whcre> 
oh where Auill we finde tears enough to bewail them I now 
lock-cloth and affaes, f^hs and tears^ weeping and wailii^ rend- 
ing of garments^ yea rendins of hearts too are all too Htdetoex* 
[%efle our juft mournii^« When |ood Exrs heard but of that one 
fin v«4ierewith both Pnefts and Levites^ and die Rulers and People 
(^Urael were tainted^ which was their intermarriage with the 
Heathen^ fo as the holy feed was vidated with this mixture^ howr 
pai&onately was he aife£tcd ! Let himfelf tell you ; Hi^e^i I ^srd 
this thh$g ( faith he ) I rent mjgsrment mid my mantle , and pluckt off 
the hair ofmj heady andofrnj beard^ Md fa d$mn aflonifhed untiH the 
evenini facrijuey Ezra 9^ ^y jl. Wliat would he have done tb'nk 
we^ if be had ieen fo many nominations, and heard fo many and 
fonlblaQ^hemicsofhisIfraelaswebave been witnefies of in thefc 
laff times ? This for the quandty. 

Now fecondly, for the quality of our moumuig, we may not 
think to reft in a meer forrow, in z, pcnfive kind of fuUennefle^ 
Worldbf forrim cauftth deathy 2 Cor. 8. lo. For by the forrow of the 
heart the Spirit if IrohnyProv. 25. 13. and a broken fpirit drjeth the 
honesy fm. 17* 2 a* 

And this is one main difference betwixt the Chriftian mourner 
and the Pagan s both equally complain y both are fenfible of the 
caufes of their complaint } but the forrow of the one is fimply and 
abfolutely alRiwHve^as lookingno 6inher but to the very objeft of his 
grief ; the other is mixed witH^divcrs holy teoiperamcnts : as with . 
a meeknefs of Spirit, with a faithul reliance upon God, yea even 
withfome kind of joy it felf ; for, tphenrpeare bidden to re Joyce con-- 
timuUyy Pinlip. 4. 4. even^ the difnial da^es of our mourning, are 
not excepted i Notfo onlyy faith the Apoftle, but we ghry in tri^ 
bulationsy Rm. 5. 3. Yea more then fo , My brethren ( faith St. 
James) connt it aS jy when ye faU into, divers temptations j James i. 2. 


1 66 The yioHrner in Sipn^ 

Thirdly^ for the manner ©four mourning; wc cannot but take 
notice that there is a fokmn mourning, and there is a private and 
domeltical s thefolemn is by publick indiilion of authority : That 
only Power th« can command our Perfons, may command our bu- 
.miliation and prefcribe the circumftances of the Performance ofit# 
^/>i/wfe it felt had fo much divinity as to know and pradife this 
tmth 5 How ftrivia Proclamation wasthatof the King of that 
Heathen City j Let neitlser nun nor bta^^ herd nthr flock toft anj thiwg^ 
let them net feed ner drilfk wHer^ hut let man and be^ he cnered with 

fdck'cloth:, &c. As for the choife and punftuality of the time where- 
to this publick mourning muft be limited, where {hould it reft but 
in the hand of foveraignty j whofc wifdom is to be pre&ppoied 
fuch as to pitch upon the mecteft feafons for this Pradilc : It is very 
remarkable that we findc recorded in the cafe of Ifraels PubUck 
inourning, -WVfcw, 8. p3 lo. 

Then NemmUh which is the TirjhiUhA^ or governour, snd Ezrd^ 
thePriefiy the Scrihe^ Md the LeviteSy that taught the PeBplefaidmM^ 
JiU the F eofle i This dale is holy unto the Lord your God^ mournenay 
nor weep *y Goyourwaj^ eat the fat ^ and drink thefjpeety and fend por^ 
tions to thnnfor whom nothing is prepared :for this day is holy unto our 
Lordy neither he yeforrie\for the joy of the Lord is yourjirength. ~ 

A confideration ( if I may intimate it witheut prcmmption ) meet 
to be tendred to our Brethren of the neighbour Churchy who are 
wont to caft their publick fafts upon the Lords day, contrary no lefs 
to the determination oftheCouncels of the Evangelical Churches, 
then the pradife of the Jewifla; For what other is this but God^ 
holy-day s of which we may well take up the words of the Pfalmift,. 
This is the Day which the Lord hath made Jet us rejoice and he glad in it. 
As it wopld therefore be utterly unfeafonable to re Joyce in a day of 
mourning : fo muft it needs be to mourn in a day of rejoycing. 

The rites and formes of publick mournings may and were wont to 
vary according to the ufages of feverall Nations and Churches j 
how ceremonious the Jcwes were in this kind Ineed not tt II you j 
here was rending of garments, girding with fackcloth,' muffling p{ 
faces, proftration on ifloores, covering with afhes, houlin<y on the 
houfe-tops, cutting and tearing of hair, wringing of hands, and 
all poflfible gefturcs that might exprcflc depth of paffion j And fo 
much of this is imitable by us, as may in a grave Chriftian lattnon 



The Mourner in Sion. 


teftify our deje^tiorfknd true forrow of heart upoii the occtfion of 
publick calamities ; this folemn humiliation then being alwaies 
joyncd with an afflifting the body by fafting ( for deep forrow doth 
both take away appetite, and difreeards nature) fo it calls us for the 
time to aft abfolute forbearance, aiKl ncgleftive forgetfulnefs of all 
Earthly comforts ; In which regard the Popilh mock-fafts which, 
allow the greateft dainties in the Uri£)seft aUlinence i and the Tur« 
ki£h, which fhut up in an evening gluttony, are no better then hy- 
pocTiticall counterfeits of a religious fclf-humbling : thofe habits 
then, thofe difcourfes or anions, thofe contentments which are in 
themielves perhaps not lawfull only, but commendable, muft now 
be avoided as unfeafonable, if not iinful : H3W hainoufly did the 
Almighty take this mif-timed pieafure and jollity at the hands of 
his people the Jewc$>/» that day (hath Efsy) did the Lord God $f Ho(is 
fSU to weeding mdto mournrng-y Mdto baldne^e^ Md to girding miihfack^ 
cloth I Andbfhold joj andgladnej^e^ fldyingOxen^ and kiting Sheepy. 
^t^i^fl^jby and drinking wine j let us eat and drinky for to morrow we 
fbaS dye. And what was the iffiie ? It was revealed in mine ears iy 
the LordofHoStSy firelythis iniquity Jhall not be purged from you till 
ye dyey faith the Lord God ofHofiSy £fay 2 2. 1 2, 1 3, 14. 

In matter of private mournings every man is allowed to be the 
arbiter ofhis own Time, Place, Meafiire, manner of performance: 
alwayesfo, as that he keep within the juft bounds of piety, decen- 
cy, difcrcet moderation ; as 5^/';74r^well advifeth in the like kind, 
fo punifliing a Rebell, that he do not deftroy a fubjcft : Neither 
can I apprehend any reafon, if we entertain a well grounded forrow, j^^^^ ^^ 
why we may not cxpreffc it : Not in an hypocritxal way of often- ig, * 
tation as the vain Pharifces taxed by our Saviour, which disfigured 
their countenances, and did fet a fowre face upon a light heart, that 
they might appear unto men to faft, but in a wife, fober , (eemly,. 
unaffeftcd dcponment : to inftance in the cafe of the death of 
thofe to whom we have the deareft relation j there can be no cafe 
w^ierein mourning can be more feafonable ; it is no lefle then a 
judgment that God dcnounceth againft King Jehoiak/n-^Theyfhall not: 
lament for him^ faying^ ^'J my Brother^ or Ah Sifler , theyjbaS not lament 
for him^ f^f^'^gy ^n Lordy or Ah hisglory^ Jer. 2 2 . 18. And it was 
an hard word that God fpake to Ez^kiel}, Sonofman^ lehold I take- 

amy from thee the depre of thine eyes with aftroak yyet fbalt tho:4 neither 


* ^8 The Mourner in Sion. 


mourn ^narweep^ neither fball thy tears run dawn^ forbear to <r;jj make m 
fitournmgfor the dead^ Oc Ezek. 24.16. Lo Aich a wife as it mighc 
have been, froward, difobedient, unquiet, i^ had been no greatly 
diffioilt charge to have parted with her i but it feems Ezekiels was 
4 dear, pleafing, loving confort, even the defire of his cyes3 and 
the comfori: of his life, and therefore to part with her without teais 
nxift needs be a double grief to his Soul : as therefore 'tis unnatural 
and inhumane not to mourn for Parents, Wives, Hisbands, Bro- 
thers, Sifters, Children, Friends: fo iccannot be unmeet to te;fl^ 
our mourning even by our outward h^it > I could never fee a relafbn 
why it (hould not be fit to wear blacks upon funerall occafions ; 
Neither Piety nor Charity is an enemy to civill ceremonies; The 
colour and faihion is not indecent, nor juftly o£B?nfive,fo as the mind 
be free from fuperftition and over-nice cnriofity ; fuch , as A^^ 
jeers atln his vain French Lady, who aifcfted to have not her hcm(c 
.onely,bot all the veflels and utenfils that belong to it put into that 
hew. If you tdlinc that the Heathens mourned thus 5 I muft tell 
a TmB ^^° ^^^ ^ ^ ^^^ ^^ ^ ^^^ Nations mcwrncd in white , others 
^iexffH' ^^^^^^y ^^^s in purple, and if all had done fo, they arc no ill 
dro. Ge^ P^tt^^ns in matters of meer civilitiesjbefides that ifi real on this colour 
nidLVh ^ °^ft pi'oper for fad occafions, for as white comes neareft to U^ht^ 
trum u and black to darknefs, fo we know that light and joy, darknefle and 
3- C.J. forrow arc commonly uled to rcfemble and cxpreffe each other. 

Well may we then outwardly profefs our inward mournino for 
the dead j but yet not beyond a due moderation ; It is not for us to 
itioum as men without hope, as the Apoftle holily advifetb his 
Thefialoniaas : Our forrow muft walk in a mid«way betwixt negled 
andexcefs ! .54r^]wasthefirft that we find mourn'd for in Saip- 
turc 5 and-^^r4fc4mthe firft mourners now the Hebrew Do6^ors 
^ferve that in Genefis. 23.2. where Akrahams mourning is fpecified, 
the letter which is m the midft of that original word tnat %nifies 
his weeping, is in all their Bibles >^tten Icfle then all his fellowes j 
which they who find mountains in every tittle of Mofes interpret to 
imply the moderate mcwming of that holy Patriark j furely, he 
who wacs the Father of the faithfid did by the power of his faith miti- 
gate the forrow for the lofs of fo dear a partner. 

Thus much for the manner of our mourning : Now for as much 
«s it is the mourner in Stony not in Babyhny whom we look after ; 

I In 



Tfcc M^mrner in Sion. 1 7^ 

In the fburrb place the infeparahle coijcdmitant of his moBrning^ 
iiiuft be his holy devotion ; whether it be in inatter of faffeiiog, or 
of fin} inboth whicho«rfotrowi$ill-bcftowed,ifitdonoifcnd us 
fomixh the more eagerly to /eck, aftec our God s Thus huh the 
mourning of all holy teals ever beeA aaxynpanted : rhe greateft mour- 
ner that we can read of^was J(p^who can uy^My skin is bUck ufcu me^ 
and my hones are burm with heat. Job. 30. go. How doth he lift up 
his eyes from his dunghill to Heaven?, and fay; / hate fimud^ wbst 
JhdU I doto thee^O thon Prefirver of men i Job. 6. ab. The diilrdles. 
of I>axndy and the depthof his forrow^ bninbt beunknown'to^any 
man that hath but looked iitto the book of God ; and what ate his 
divine ditties but the zealous exprelfions of his faithfull recourfes to 
cfae throne of grace ^ good £z;r4 tells you what be did, when he 
heard of the general! infcdion of his people with their Heiachen 
matches; Having rtn^ my garments y and my. mantle J felt afon my 
kneeSy andfpread oat my hands y mhto the Lord my 6odi and faid^O 
my God I am a^amedySnd blafh to lift if my face to* thee^ O my Gody for 
our iniqnities are increafed over our. he^dsy and our triffafs is grown 
up to the Heavens. Em a. f. %. 4. And Jl?snitly a no lefle wvcHit 
mourner then he, layes forth mqtCelf in as holy a paifion ; / fetmy 
face unto the Lord God to feekhim by ft oyer and fufphcationSy with 
faHingy and fackclothy and a^s i and I frayed unto the Lord mi 
Gody and made my confejjiony Mdfaid^ OLordy the great and dread- 
fuEGody keepingthe covenant and mercie to them that love\timy and to 
them that keep his commandements i we have fimsed^ aftd have done wick- 
edlyy and have rebelled even by departing from thy precepts and from thy 
JttdgmentSy &c. Hereupon it is that prater is ever joyned with 
f amng in all our humiliations s without which the empcineHe of our 
mawes were but a vain and pur{X)felefs ceremony: as that which 
was onely taken up to whet our devotions, and to give a (harper ap* 
petite CO pious duties: So as lie that mourneth anafafteth without 
praying,is, as he that takes the preparative but rcfufes the medicine 
that might bring him health; cm: as he that toileS all day in the 
vineyard, and negle4^ to call for his wages. 

This for the companion of our mourning ; Fifthly, and Laftly, 
The attendant of our mournin|; is the good ufe that muft be made 
of it, for the bettering of the Swil : for furely, affliftion never leaves 
us as it findes us : if we be not better for our mourning, wc are the 

X worfc 

^go T»e Mwr»er i» Sion, 

worfe : He is trtjanprofitablc mourner that improves not all hir bor- 
row to repentance and amendment of life j whether his fin Wc the 
immediate obje&of hisgriefe or hisafli£tion ; and this is both 
intention of ourHeaverty Fathcp in whipping us, and the beftil 
of 0urteares: Thus it was with his Jfrsel^ Their daytt (laith rhc 
Pfalmift ) did he cmfmt in Vdmty^^mi iheir jesrs in troulfe 5 when h^. 
flew theniy then they fought him i snd thiy ^tinrntdy md inquired enrlj of-- 
^/* 55* 1^ g^^ . ^f^d x\^^ remmlrtd thM GodwM their rock^ mi the hfgb Goei 

dieirJ/tdeemer. . 

'to the fame purpofe is diat of Jeremiah i Ik thfi dajes^ snd in that 
timfi faith theLwd^ the children cf Ifrael^atl comey they and the chiUirem 
ofjudahtiiethery g^ii^ and vpeefingythey fballgg andfeek the Lord their 
God s tifeylhdL ask the way to Zion with their faces ^herw»d^f^rj^y 
Qome Ictus joyne our f ekes to the Lwdin aferpettfaUcirvenant^at^ali 
not hf^gitten : Jetem. 50 , 4* 5.. 

Surdty^ as be were an cihnatuiall parent that would fcomge his 
child with any other purpofe then to coricd and amend fomewbat. 
amifs in hira i fo is he no better then an ungracious child^ Aat makes^ 
a noifc under the rodybttt amends not his fault. 

Here then let nunc eyes run down with tcars^ nfeht fflid day, and: 
let them not ceafe for the obftinate um>raficiency of the fons of my 
mother under the heavy hand of my uod, O Lord art not thine eyes 
upon the truth ? th9u h^ firicien tbemyint they have not grivedi thou- 
hjiB^cwfimedthem^kftk^ey have refufedt^ receive correBioni they have 
made their faca hdrder then a rocky they' have refufed to return. Jerem.. 
5, 3. how fadlydoftthoii'compkinofus under the pcifon of thine 
Xfrael >In vain have Ifmkten^ur chidren^ they received no correBion^ 
Jerem. 2. jo. ^ilotwithftandmg all the fair warnings that thou baft;^ 
given us. Wc run on refolutely in the courfe of our wiclcedneft, as 
if thofe pathes were both fafi arid pleafing, giving thee juft caufe to 
xtnew tnihc old complaint againft the men w Jwiah and Jerufalem j; 
Thm faids the Lord '^ BdooldlframeeviUagainHyQUy auddnije a de^ 
RHfe againjlyouy Retmrneye now every one from his eviB wayesy and make 
your wayeSy andyour doin^good ; And they fkid^ There is no hofe^ lut 
ife will walk after our own devifeiy and we will everf one do the- inasgina^ 
tion of his eviS heart. Jerem. 18. 1 1. 12, wo is me, who fees not that 
iifrer all the Wood that thou haft let out of our vaincs, we are ftill 
full of the deadly if^ammations of pride^ , and milkioufne^ ? that 


The Mourner m Sion. 1 8 g 

-— ^w» «- i»> » <i» I I ■ ' II .^^w^^^■*^^'■«^r»'^ifi»l^^^i^^y^y,^p^ 

after vre htvc drunk fo deep of cltt otf of tky fury even to the 
dregs^ wece^fenottobedriinkwiththe intcmpmtc caps of our 
bealily excefs; and after iltiftproffefiions^fijolyiiciSbhtve nn our 
into Iwi^jbleblafpheiiiks^fthyika^ oame? So as wc have C09 
:^2ft caufe CO fear left thoa have deaced to inake sood upon ns that 
v^ofuU word which thy Prophet denounced agaimt tby once-no-lefs- 
4ear people^ ImiUmake ihi$ Lsnd dtfaUu^y smdim biffi^y eury cm 
thMp^eibtbereiyjhsSiei^pmfbed^ Md hfjje^ Uc^fe cf stl dft fU^aes 
thereof. Jtr. 1%. %. 

Hifhern) then 1 haive (hewed you the juft grounds of our mourn- 
ing; afilk%ions, fins, dangers^ and applyed them to oar own con- 
^iciofi^ I Ittve (hewed you the due relation of our mourntng in 
«he giuuitity, the quaUty^ the nwincrdfperfwoungit^ the company 
-chac goes with k > and the train that foUowes its Yksx renuines, 
now bcitthat I (hould labour to perfwade you all to be crue mourners 
in our Sicn i were it my work to exhort you to nourth and jollity> the 
task were bodipleafing to undertake^ and eafie to perform } tor we 
idl naturally aneft to be deligbted, yea I doubt there are too many 
Chdftjans that with the E(Hcure place dbeir chief felidty in plea* 
(ma butfor forrowand aoucningit isa fowfe and har(h tlung^ 
tuipkafingto theear 3 but to the heart more sSut> if, as Chriftians^ 
we come to weigh bod) tbefe in the balJanceof the fandfajary, we 
fliall fifld canfe to take up other refolutions ; will ye hear what wife 
S0l$m§n fayes of the point i ^#rr#]r/aith he, is better then Uttgbter j 
Amdit is bettert9gotothehmife0fnmrmiigy AeMtcthe Imtfeeffea^i?^. Ecclef^,, 
Lo,hb very authority alone were enough, who, as agreat King, had ^^ 3- 
all the World to be his Minftrell ; but vyithall, he fficks not to give 
ushtt teafon, why than is forrow better then lai^hter ? [for, by ^ 
tbefsehefs of the count emmce the he4rt if made better ] look to the etfedb 
of both, and you (hall eafilyfee the difference: f^drtow calls out 
hearts home to God, apd our felves, which are apt to ran wild in 
mirth i where ^ ycm ever fee a man made more hcrfywith world- 
ly pleafiue ? no, that is apt to debauch him rather i but manvafoul 
Ittth been bettered with fonow; for that begins his mortification, 
YecoUeAing his thoughts to afenous confiderattdn of his fpiritttall 
condition, and working his heart to a due temcde for his fin, and 
a lowly fidMiiffion to the hand that infl0!sit. 
And why (hookik be better to go to the houfe of mourning thea 

X a t© 

_, I ■ —---.- —^ — 

1 S 2 The MonrHer in Son. 


to the houfc of feafting ? [ For this is the end ^sS men^ and the 
ing fb4ll lay it to his heart ] The houfc of mourning hath here -princi^ 
pally refpoSk 10 AJ&incialt 5 the death which is lamented for, bcin^ 
the end o^l fle(h, a man is here, and thus, put feelingly in tnind 
of his unreality, which in an houfe ot feaitiw and jollity is utterly: 
forgotten: By how much then it is better tor a man to hasc tds 
heart kept in order by the meditation of death, then to run wild 
after worldly vanity ; by fo much is the houfe of mourning better 
then the houfe of feafting. 

But if this be not periwafive enough s hear what a greater then 
M f «; 4* ^^^^^^ ^^y^y Blefed 4re thei tb^ mourn j Lo, he that is the author^ 
"^ *'' ' and the owner, and giver of bleflcdnefs tcUs you where he beftoWs 
it, even upon th( mourners ; Did ye ever hear him fay, Blef&d arc 
the frolick and joviall ? Nay, do ye not hear him fay the contrary ^ 
mletojQuthatlMghnewl and though he needed not (whofc will 
Lukt 6 ^^ ^^^ ^ ^^ ^ juftice, and paramount to all reafon ) yet he ii 
* plcafed to give you the reafon of both s Blejfedare they tbst menrney 
for thei fbdU be comforted s and wo ie to you thM laugh mm for ye JbaM 
mourn and weeo : L05 joy and comfort is the end of Mourners ; and 
moirning and weeping is the end of tnirth and Laughter : O Savi- 
our, give me leave to wonder a little at this contrariety j That to 
which the bleffing is promifed ( which is mourning)^ auide the 
curfe of laughter and jaiv : for they flbal) mourn that rejoyccd,and 
yet they that moum (h^ rejoycCi. 

Is it not partly for that necef&ry viciifitude whicbthou in thine 
infinite wifdome haft fet of joy and mourning? fo as no man can 
be alwaies capable of both thefe ; but he that rcjoyceth muft have 
his tome ot mourning ( as Airaham told the rich glutton in his tor^ 
ment,and'he that mourneth muft have a time of re joycing s Or is 
it for the great difference that there is of the feverall kindes of 
mourning and joy ? for as there is a naturall joy and forrow which 
is neither good nor evill but in it (elf indifferent, fo there is a car* 
nail forrow and joy which is evill, and a fpirituall joy and forrow 
whkhissood; there is a temporall forrow and joy enterchanged 
here, and there is an etemall joy or forrow referved for hereafjer : 
So then hath thine infinite juftice and wifdom diftributed thy re- 
wards, and punifhments, that the carnall and finfull joy is rccom- 
pcncedwkh eternal forrow and mourning J the holy and fpiriuiall 


The Mourner in Sion. i%.2 

mourning^ with eccrnall joy and blclledncfle. Do we then dcfirc 
to be ble^d? we muft mourn ; da we defiie to have all tears wip'c 
hereafter from our eyes? we muft not then have our eyes dry here 
belovir. And furely, did we know how precious our tears are in 
the account of the Almighty, we would not be niggardly of thofe 
penitenc drops 5 Thefe, thcfe, if we know not^ are fo many orient 
pcarles laid up in the Cabinet of the Almighty 5 which he makes pf. 55.8. 
liich ftore of, that he books their number for an everlafling rcmc nv 
brancejand left one tear (houldbe fpilt, he referves them all in lids 
bottle.. Db we not remember that he hath promifed an h^py and 
glorious harveft for a wet feed-time ? Tba mfe which fiw in teares 
Ji^rtifmj9jt that every grain which wc fow in this gracious P/I'ni^, 
sain^ {hall yield us a (heaiot bleiledneile : If then we believe this 5> 6. 
unbailable word of truths who would not be concent to moume a- 
while that he may re Joyce for ever } Oh the madncfe of carnall 
hearts^ that choofe to purchafe the momentany pleafure of fm^with 
everlaftii^ tonpents, whiles we are hardly induced to purchafe 
everlafting plewires, with fome oiinutes mourning ! 

Neither is it the pleafure of the Almighty to ocferr the retribu- 
tory comforts of his mourners till another World j even here is he 
ready to fupply them. with abundant confolations j The fwcet fin- 
ger of Ifrael was experimentally fenfible of this mercy. In the nuthi- 
tnde0f the [orrvms^ef mj heart thj 4omfertt have refrefhed myfouhPfU. 
94. 19. Neither was the- chtffen Veflcllany whit behind him, in 
the experience and expreflion of this gracious indulgence of the Al- 
mighty, Bkjjedbe God ( faith he ) even the father of our Lord Jefus ^ ^^- '• 
Chrifty the Father of mercies and the God of aU comfcri'y vrho comforteth 3^ 4' 
usinaSonrtrihlationSy that jpe may be able to comfort them which are 
in any trouble by the comforts wherewith we our felves are comforted of 
God s whatdo I ftand to inftance in tlie pcrfons of fome fpeciall fa* 
vorites of heaven? it is the very office of the Mcffiah, the pcrfeift 
MediatorbetwixtGodandman, To proclaimethe acceptable year of ■ 
the Lord j and the day ofvet^eance of our God^io comfort all that mourn 
ij9 Zion^ t(f give unto them beauty for ajheSy theoyi of joy for mournings 
. the garment ofpraife for the Spirit of heavinejje^ Efa. 6i. 2 • • 5 .. So as all 
Gods faithfuU ones may cheerfully cxpc(9k the performance of that 
aordiall promife which the God.of uuth hath made to his Ifracl ; 
Ttheirfoulfhatl he as a wot red Garden^ and they jhaU not for row any more 



i8a . TheMoMirmr in Sion, 

M -^U^ thfM jhsU the t^irgin rejojce in thi dwce^ both young men smd old 
together ^ for / will turne their mmming intejoy^ ^4nd mill comfort them^ 

- and miJce them re Joyce from their forrow^ Jerem. J 1. 1 2, 1 3. 

But it the julUce of God have been to highly provoked by the 
finncsofa particular Nation, as that 4tberc is no rcoiedy but the 
threatned jtKigiiients mufi proceed againft thorn ; xcmem£^ 
charge Ezekiel tells you was given to the man clothed in linnen that 
had the writers inkhorne by his fide i The Lord faid unto him , ga 
y^ ^ through the midfi of the Cityy throngh the midfi of Jerufdtm , 4ind ftt s 

'^ ^ * ^ msfk jifoif tbiforheadf of tho men Sjotfigh snd thst cry for M the 4^dMi- 

TMtiom t^tJ^done in the midft thereof^Ezek. 9. ?> 4, 

L65 thele marked Tewcs owe their life to their tears, if they had 
not wept for their fcllowcs, they had bled with their fellowes; If 
their fighs could not fave their people from (laughter, yet they 
have iaved themfelves ; their chacitable mourning is recompetifed 
with their own prefcivatton. 

OhthcnmyDretlarenaswe d^fire the )oyes of another World, 
and as we tender our own comfort and fafty in this j let us not 
he fparina; of our tejos 5 let them flow freely out for our own? fins 
firft, and then for the fins of our people ? let not our moannng 
he peifundory, and fa(hionable : uat ferious, hearty, and zea- 
lous, fo as that we may furrow our cheekes witb our teares j 

. I^et our devotions, that accompany our mooming be fervent and 
importtinate as rhoft that would ofler a kind of holy force to Hea- 
iren : wrcftling with the Angel of the covenant for a bIe&is;;Let one 
amendment which fhould be the etfe<fl of o«r moumtngoe really 
confpicuous to the e yes both of God and men : And finaSy that our 
fnouming may be conftant and effeftuAll,let us rcfolve to make it our 
•bufinefsjand tor that purpofe let ns folemnly vow to fet apart fomc 
time of each day for this fad,but needfidl task:and which is the main 
of all)fince the publique Is moft concerned in thifdiuty. Oh that the 
trumpet might be blown in Zion^ fafts fandified, folemn aften^lies 

give not twne heritage to reproach,wheretore (hould tnc enemies of 
thy Church fay among the people,where is their God? This were the 
way to reconcile our offended God, to divert his dteadfull judc- 
ments,to reftore us to the hlcffings of ptace^nd to caufe the voice of 
joy and gladnefs to be ogee again heard in our land. O H 











I COR* 5-7' 

ferChrifl eurp^affiwcr is facrijiced for m. therefore 
let HS keep theferafi. 

THcfeaft } thatisthcpaflbvcrof the Twej thcncxpiringy 
©r the Chriftians Eiifer then fuccctding j indeed I know 
not whether bothtJc Mot alluded to ; for, this Epiftle is 
conceived to have been written ky the Apoftlc feme 24. 
Years after our Saviours paflfion 5 ere whk:h time it is more then 
prciMble that the feaft ot Chrifts refurrcftion was folcmnly celebra- 
ted by the Chjiftian Church ; this I am fure of^ that no record in 
all hiftory mentions the time when it began to be kept > and thcre- 
fore it is moft likely according to AugufSnes received rule to be de- 
duced from the oofervation of the Apoftles. There were ancient 
and eager quarrels betwixt the Eaftern and VVeftern Churches a-, 
b^ut the day whereon it (hould be kept 5 but whether it (hould be 
kept or no, there was never yet any queftion fince Chriftianity- 
K)ok't forth into the World : and as that Pafche, fo this Bi^er is 
juftly the feaft , fbrthceminencyofit above the reft j for if we da 
vmn joy and ihankfiilneflc according to the Angels mefllage folem- 
niie the day wherein the Son of God, ourWeflcd Redeemer being 
born, entreci the life of humane nature : how much more (hould we 
celebrate that day , wherein having conquered all the powers of 
death and FfcU he was, as it were,bom awin to the life or a glorious 
ttnmortality? Bat to leave the time, and come to the Text. This 

' • (for) 






— ^■^- ■■■ HI... » — ■■-- 

(for) chat leads it in, is both a relative, an<f an illative i refer- 
ring to what he had (iiid in the foregoing words j and ififcrring a 
ncccflary whfcqucnce of the one dame upon the other ; Fkrge out 
tire old leAven j ftr Cbrifi our pother iifAcri§sed far us i The whole 
Text is AUegoricall s alluding to the charge and duty of Gods anci- 
ent people, the Jemes/m the obfetvatioa ofcbeir paflovtc ; who up- 
^n no )e{& pain then cutting off from the Congregation oflfrarl^ 
fauft adout of jio leavened nread to be eaten or iound in their hoti- 
fes during the whole feven dayesof this celebrity, as you may fee 
Ex9d. 12. 17. 18, &c. As jhotefoie the ceremoniall patover 
would admit of no matcriall leaven : So the fpirituall pailbver may 
net abide any leaven of vrickednedeyPur ^^ rkriff#fv out the oUlesven 
For Cbrijt ourfAJfruer is fdcrificedfor us. 

The nrft wotk then that we have to do, 1%^ to caft bick our eyes 
to tile ground of this inffitution, and to enquire why no ktven 
might confift with the Jevirifh paflover; And we (hall find doat there 
<was not the fame reafon of the firft obfervation of this ceremony , 
and.of the following : The firft was Ncceffity s Devotion was the 
ground of the reft. Ncceffity firft s for in ^t foddain depanuie 
which they were put upon, there could be no lea&re to leaven 
tlicir dough, as yoii may fee, Exod. 12* 3^. 

Devotion afterward in a gratefull recognition both of dieir own 
fcrvilc condition j and of the nacious providence of God ; In the 
former they were called to look back upon their old Egptun fer- 
vitude by their un!cavned bread j for this was ( ^^^7 ) thfc 
bread or affltAion as we turn it^ or the bread of the poor, as the 
word fignifics,which they mnft now^eat to put them in mind of dx^ 
hard and poor condition in Egyptuiider their evill taskmafters all 
tlieir lives after, as X>^l^^ 15. 3. to the fame purpofe it was that 
tlicy muft eat the Lamb , not with fowre herbesas it had wont to 
he turned j ( for a (harp kind of fowreneffc in fawces is efteem- 
edplcafing and taftfuU) but with bitter he ibcs, yea, asthewordis 
in the Originall .( nnnti 'TV ) cum maritudinibm ) with bitter- 

In the latter they were niitided of a double providence of the Al- 
mighty : One, that God was pleafed to fetch them out of Egypt in 
anihappy fuddainneflc 5 even when they had no leafurc to m«c up 
their bach s The other that he fuftained them with thit unleavened 


' 187 

dough till he fcnt them Manna in the Wildcrncflc, The one was 
the bread •f the poor, the other th? bread of Angels, Asthete(ore 
he would'have a pot of Manna kept in the Ark; for a Monument of 
that miraculous food wherewith he fed them in the dcfert ; fo he 
thought good to ordain this obfervation of unleavened bread for 
a perpctusill mcmoriall of tlieir provifion preceding it. 

And this was not onely a charge but a fanAion, under the fe- 
vcre penalty whether of excommunication, or death, or both : both 
for the authority of thc.Conamander, and for the weight of the in- 
ftitution ; whcrcb^^ God meant both to rub up their memory of a 
temporall benefit paft : and to quicken their faith in a greater fpi- 
ricuall favour of their future Redemption from fin and ic^xh by tlie 
blood of that true pafchall lamb which ihould be facrificed for 

This is the ground of this inftitution. Now let us if yott pleafe in- 
quire a little into the ground of this al!ufion to the leavcn,the nature 
and fignification of tms implyed comparifon here mentioned 5 and 
we (hall eafily find that leaven hath firft a difiFufive faculty ; fo it. 
is taken both in the good part, and the evill : in good, fo the 
Kingdom of Heaven is compared to leaven, vf^bich 4 womm tdtk Md ^^[*^i^ 
hid in three meajures of meal till the jphok was lea vned : Lo thcf e fame ^ ^ ' 
( neiA Te^ ) Vlrere more then a bufhel of our meafure, and one 
morfel of leaven fcafons it all. In evill, Ip here immediatety before 
my Text in an ordinary Jevvi(h proverb A little leaven leaveneth 
the whole lump : Secondly it hath in it felf a difplcafing fowernefs, 
in which regard it is an ill conftrudlion attributed both to falfe Af^r.i6. 
doftrinc , and to evill manners. To falffe dodlrine : Take heed 6. 
faith our Saviour of the leaven of t'e Pbarifes ; To ill manners ; fo 
in the next words ye have the leaven of malice and wickedncfs. 

So then here the very inference offers us thefe two ncceflary 
heads of our difcourfes x. That fin, orthefinncr (for it may be 
taken of either or both ) isfpirituall leaven. 2. That this leaven* 
muft be purged out becaufc Christ is our pajjever^ and f aerified 
for us. 

For the firft : - fin hath the true qualities of leaven ; both in re- 
fped of the ofFcnfivc fovvrencfs, and of the difFufion. In the 
former nothing can be fo diftaftfuU unto God, as fin j Indeed 
nothing can difpleafe but it ; as nothing is lo fweet and 

y ' pleafing 



/ i 

pkafing to him as the obedience of his faitli^^ If any edible 

thing could be more offenfivc to the palate j Sin wdald be likened - 
to it i As indeed it is (till refembled by whatfoevcr may be moft ab- 
horring to all the fenfes : To the fight > fo it is compared to filthy 
1/4. 4. 4. PfAl 14. 3, to bcaftly excrements ; 2 Pet. 2. a 2. to fpots 
and bleraiflies^ 2 Pet. 2. 13. to menftmoui and polluted bloody 
Ezec. 1^. 6. to the fmell 5 fo to a comipted ointment j to the 
ftenchof adeadcarcafsj what (hould 1 inftancc; in the reft.^ Hovir 
fho uld it be other then highly aftiifive to the Majjtfty of God^when 
iris profeflfedly oppofitc to divinfe juftice?fince all Un is the: ttanfgreffi- 
on of the royall law : even the confciencc Which is Gods rafter 
finds it abominably loathfomc ; how much more that God who is 
greater then the confcicncc j w4io fo abhors it that (as wc are wonc 
to do to the potfhcrd which had) held poyfonoas liquOT J 
he thibwes aw^y aiid breaks the very veftel wheteih it was <: as he 
that findes an hair or acoal in the dainticftbit, fpits it^oMt all. Did 
God find fm in hii Angels > he mttibles them down out of Heaven 5. 
Doth he find fin in bur firft parents ? be hurles theitt out of Para- 
dife ; Yea, did he find\)ur fmilaid Upon the bleffed Sod of his love y 
of his nature ^ he fpares him not a^it> kit laies load upon htm 
till he roars out ih the anguift of his Soul. Lo^ he vuas wounded 
for our tranfgreffions> he was bmifed for our iniquities, thechaftife- 
ments of our peace were upon him, and by his ftripes wc ate 
healed, £/>. 53. 5. 

And to whorn (hould we rather conform our felves then to the 
moft holy God I what diet (hould we affeft but his who is the mie 
ofallperfeftion? How then (hould we utterly afchorr every evill 
way, how (hould we hate oiir fins with a perfeS hatred ? And 
furely^ the more ill favour and loathlinelfe we can find in our bo- 
fom fins, the nearer we come to the purity of that holy one oflfra^ 
^/, our bleflcd Redeemer whofe ftileit vs^ Thou UveH righteoufnrfl^, 
Mdh^te^ mckednefs. pf. /^^.T. Oh then be we per fed as our Fa- 
ther in Heaven is perfed ; Cleanfe your hands ye (inners and puitre 
your heans ye double minded, ^ 

What (hall we fay then to the difpofition of thofe men, that cair 
find no favour tn any thing but their fins? No morfdl goes down 
fweetly,mem'ly,with them but this : wo is me, how do they cheat 
themfclves with the hope of injbybg their finfuU pkafuresj how 




1 H. » ■■ ! ■■ ■Pl^^^.a n ^»»<»^»^»^i*^^'^»»»W^P^|»^«>^f^p,»^.^^»^^ 

xJo they recreate thcmfdvcs with the nacraory of their fore-paflcd 
fi/rhinefs ? how do they glory in that liceniigus lilicrty whkh. tbcy 
ifldulge unto themfdves ? bm do they cvcn>when they are grown 
old ^d paft.beaftly a&ion, tickle thcanfdyes with the wanton re- 
methhrances of their yomiger bel^ties? hath the delight in fm 
cioft wofully .bcfott?d thcm^that dbcy rtfj e^jl not fticnds,cttatc,c{iil- 
dren^t health, body, foul, in ^ompgrifon of the bewitching con- 
tentment they^find in their fins s Ob poor miferable fouls ! Oh the 
wretchedefl: of all creatures, not men but beafii ! let me not fecm 
eichex qntpannexly, or uncbaxitable, tofpeak from the moi^th of 
Gods Spirit; yoivknow the word Cjmk ad vomitum i The dog to his 
vomic ; The fwine to it's mire : And if they will needs be dogs j 
how can they look for any other but dogs intcrtainment ? F^ris 
Coftes withoutiball be dogs, iruth 2 2. 1 5. But for us dear Chrifti- 
. ans let me cake up that obteftation of the Piaknift, Ob allje that love 
iheX»9rdyhatethethivgi9hichiSpn^Pfal' ^jn lo. let us bate even the 
garment fpotted with the fle(h, yea let us hate our fclves that we 
<:an, hate pur. fins no more : And if at any time through the frailty of 
our wretched patute>. and the violence of tentation we be drawn 
into ft flnfull action, yet la us uke heed of being leavened with 
wickednefs> furge $ut the aid kaven \ for Cbrsfi our pa/faver is facri^ 
peed far, iu. 

Now, as fin is leaven in refpciJl of the (bwring quality of it, fo al- 
fo in refpeft of the (fi^five : It began with one An^ and infe^ed 
Legions; It began with one Woman, it infeAed au the Generati^ 
on. of Mankind} let it take hold of one iaculty, it infe^th the 
whole foul and bodyjlet it f ci2c uponrone perfofi in a family it cor- 
rupts the whole houfeifromrthcnce it (preads over the neighbour^ 
hood ; and taints whole Tovyns,Ciues, Regions : as it is with certain 
contagious difeafes that have not been bounded with mountaines or 
. Seasrit is very prcgpant which St.P4i*/fpeaks of /(yw^wii^ and Phile^ 
tm whofewora ( with he ) milUa^ as doth a carrier or a gangrene y 2 
Tim. 2. 17. ye fee hQW a gano;renc even from the lean toe foon 
firikes the heart ; and the c^nKer from ,a fcarce fenfible beginin^ 
confumes the gummes, eats through the check, cats down diC noie 
and will admit of no limits but deformity and death : thus it is with 
. fin whether intelle6^all or morall : Arianifme began \n a family, 
fprcad over the World. And Antipomianifine began in one Mini- 

' ' Y 2 ifcr 



{let of this diocciTe and how much it is fprcad^ I had rather lamcnr^ 

thcnfpcak. / 

1 doubt not but miny of you who hear me this day have had la- 
mentable proofs of ttts truth : let there be but adrunkard, or a 
fwearer in a family how foon hath this fcabbcd (beep tainted rlie 
whole floik 5 Grace and Godlincfs is not lo eafily propagated: fin 
hath the advantage of the proclivity of our wicked nature. It fcatli 
the wind and tydc both with it^goodnefs hath both againft it: health 
doth not ufe to be taken from others, butficknefs doth. 

Sinceyourwickednelfeisoffofpreadinga nature, how careful! 
Ihould we be to prevent, and refilt the very firft beginnings of fin 5 
It is a 1000. times more cafy to keep the flood-gates ftmt, thea to 
drain the lower grounds when they are once over-flown. 

2ly. How (by and weary (houla wc be of joyning lodeties with 
the infcdious, whether in opinion, or in manners uiman that is 
anheretickrejeS^ faithSt./4w/>T/>. 3. 10. Ifdnjnisn that is called 
a brother he afornicaiofy orcovetuouSy era r oiler ^ or an idolater ^ or sl. 
drunkard y withfuch aoneeatmty i Cor.,^. 11. withdraw your felves 
from the tents of thcfe men, &c. into their fecrct, &c. 

jly. How much doth it concern all publick perfons whether rc- 
- clefiaftical or civil to improve their authority to the utmoft for the 
timely preventing of the fpreading of vicx^ : and for the fcvcrc 
cenfure and expurgation of thofe whom the Pfalmitt ( as the origi- 
nal word fignifies) calls leavened perfons, Pf.71. 4. The palpable 
negleft whereof hath been a (hamefialleyerore to the confcicntious 
beholders, a foul Uemifti to the Gofpel 5 and a juft fcandal upon 
the Church. And though another mans fin cannot infed meunlefle 
I do partake with him in it : yet a true Lot will vex his r^hteous foul 
with the unclean converfation of the Sodomites j and even others fins 
may help to draw down judgments upon the community wherein 
they live : good reafon that ^1 care (hould be taken for purging out 
the old leaven, that fo the old leaven being purged out the vw:ole 
lump may be holy. 

So much of the firfl? point, that fin is leaven 5 the fecond foUowes 
that this leaven muft be purged out if we would have any intereft in 
Chrift ottrpafjover which is facrificedfor ii^rTbe inference you fee doth 
neceflarily imply fo muchln vain fhould any Jew talk of keeping 
a pd0bvcr . to Cod, if he would eat the lambe with Leavened 

* ^ breads 


—1. • 


bread ^ in wsda ihould any Chriftian talk of applyii^ Chrift to his 
foiily whiles his heart williogiy retains the leaven of any known 

Certainly this is a eomnions and a da igcrous cozenage whereby 
-millions of iouls cheat thcmfelves into hell j they fondly think they 
0iay hold fair quarter With Oirift, and yet give fecret incercain- 
menc to their fins. Demos thinks he may embrace the prcfcnt wprld 
-and yet need not leave his hold of Chrift ; Anam^s and SAppbirO' 

• will clofely harboUr an hypocriticall facriledg^ and yet will be as . 
good proteffors as the beft. -4 Simm M^gu^ will be baptized Chri- 
iliftn, yet a f«x:erer ftUl : and many a one ftill thinks he may drink, 

.andfwear, and debauch, andprofaiie Gods ordinances 3 and rob 

Gpdsboufe, and refift lawfuU authority, and lie and plunder, or 

. flanJer his neighbour, and yet hold good tcrmcs with a forward 

. profelfion. Yea there arc thofc that will be couiucnancing their fins 

with their chriftianity,as if they were privilcdged to fin becaufe they 

• are in Chrift : Then which there can not be a more injurious and 
blafphemous fancy. Certainly their fins arc fo touch more abomi- 

, nable to God and men by how much more intercft they challeng e 
in a Chriftian profeffion ; yea if but a bare intertainment of a known 
fin 5 it is enough to bar them out from any plea in Chrilt. 

Vain fools, how grofly do thefe men delude their own fouls 

. whiles they imagine they canpleafe God with a leavened paflover j 

: this is the way to make themand their facrificcs abominable to tlic 
Almighty : It is to them that God fpeaks as in thunder and fire, 
Mijot doe^ thouuking m^coveMnt into thy mouthy feeing thou hat eft to le 
reformed^ andha^ cafi my words hehinde thee^ Pfal.^o. 1 6^ 17.T0 them 

. it is that he fpeaks by his Prophet Efdy 66.1^ He that killeth an ox 

■ as if he flem a man , he that facriftceth a Lambe as if be cut off 
s^ogS'-neck: Shordy then my brethren, fihcc wc are now addrclfing; 

. our (elves to this Evangelical paffover ; if ever we think to partake 
of this Heavenly feaft with true comfort to cur fouls; Let us fee 

. that we have clearly abandoned all the fowre leaven of our fins : 

• Jet us come with dear j and untainted fouls to this blelfed feaft •, a nd 
. fay and do with holy X>4u/W, ImBtpajhrHyhandsin inntfcencj^vLord^ 

Mdfo wis I go tothim-dtar^ Pf.16.6. 

Thus long wc have necef&rily dwelt upon the inference, and 
i cootextuce of this fcripture,. wc now come to fcan this divine pro- 1^ 


poiition as it Iknds alone in it felf 3 wherein c«ir medkadon bath 
* four heads to paffc thorough ; i . That ChrJft is a pa^ovcr : 2 • Our 
PaflToven 5. Our Palfovcr facrificcd.4. facrificcd for us. 

To begin with the firit The word ««^* which wc find, isjdcnired 
not fronaf the Greek '•"xw^ , which fignifies tofirffer^Mis fome of the 
"Latinc fathers out of their ignorance of Language hav^conccnrcd^ 
but from the Hebrew ( ™^r ) which fenifies airanfitionjwell turn- 
ed by our language into Paffe-ovei? : For here was a iloi^le paflb- 
ver to be celebrated 5 !• The Angel's pafling €>ver the houles of the 
Ifraelitcs, when he fmotc all the firft born of Egypt 5 and aly. If- 
racls pafling out of Egypt, The ^word admits of naany feofes : 
fometimcs it is taken for the time of tWs (blcmnity ^ AH. 1 2. 4« 
^ fometimes firf thefacrificcs offered in thisfolcmnity, Dmt. 16. 4* 
' fometimes fbr the rcpteien tation of the aA of Gods tranfitionyF^^d^. 
1 2. 1 1. 'Sometisies for the Lattibthat was then to be oflered and 
eaten, 2 Chron. 35^11- They killed the paffover, and the Pdkrfts 
fprinkled the blood fromtheir hands : Thus is it taken in thtspJacc 
when \x, is faid Cliift our paffoveris faaificed &r us. So as here is 
a trope or figure twice toldiFfrftithc lamb is the paffover^Sccondly^ 
Chriit is that pafchal Lamb. 

You Would think this now far-fetched, here was a double {Affing 
over* The Angels paffing over' the Ifraelites, the Ifraelites palling 
out of Eg^ft 5 both were afts, the one of God, the other of menjas 
for the Iamb it is an animal fubfltance ;Yet this Lamb reprefents tVus 
paffovcr. This vk no newes in fao-amental fpeeches : The thing 
%ned is ufually put for the fi^n it felf : M^ cruenmt fkdl he in y^ur 
Jiefh 5 that is, drcumcifion, the fign of my covenant, the rock that 
followed them was Chrifl, i Cor. 1 o, 4, that is Chrift was reprefen- 
^ I ted by that rock, Thu cup is the nem te^smenty So here Chrift our 
J i^''^'^' paffovcr: thatisChriflreprcfeHtedbythe Pafchal-larrf>.What an 
infatuation is upon the Rortiifh party, that rather then they will ad- 
n>itofany Other then a groffe lireralicapcrnaiticall fence in the 
words df our Saviours facramehtal fupper. This is myhdy^vtilii con- 
found Heaven and Earth together j and either by a too forceable 
confequence endeavour to overthrow the troth of Ghrifk hnmanity) 
or turne him into a monflcr, a wafer, a crumi a nothing. When- 
as St. -^«/?/>i hath told us plainly, fscramemdliter inteUeBitm vivified^ 
iit: Takeitinafacramcntalfence there is tnfinifie ceinlbrt, and 



fpiricual life in ir. As for his body St. P^^^r hath tol3 wsth^hesveBS 
muH ceMtain Vim till the time ef the re^itutiQn^ ofaU things ^ABs 3 .2 1 .Yea 
when our Saviour himfelf teith told us^ the ip^ds tl^ Jfiesk arefpi^ 
tit and life. Jqv6^ 

Now what a fimrvcllous mercy was this of God to IftAel^ thus to* 
patfe over them when heilcwthc firft-borne oijE^ypt i There was 
not an houfe in all £g)ftwhcreinthere was not mourning and la- 
mentation ; no rooMxit coverd a fuddainly made carcalle: what an 
unlook't for rortftematioa waj here m cvttj E^ptiM F^nily ? Ohly 
^ IfraeUtes that dwelt amongft them wett free to applaud this 
judgment that was inflicted upon their tyraniiouspeffecucots^and for 
dieir very caufe^ infli^d : for this mercy are they beholden under 
Godjto me blbcxl of their PafchaHamb IprinkJed upon their door- 
poftsj: Surely tetdthey eaten the lamb^ and not fpiinkkd the bloody, 
they had not efcapcd the ftroak of the deftroying Angel 5 This was 
01 ngure ^ In reality it is Coy It is by^and&om the blood erf our re- 
deemer fprinkled upon our fouls that we arc freed from the venge- 
ance of the Almighty .Had not he dyed for us^were n©t the benefie 
of his precious? Hood applyed to us ; we fhould lye open to all the 
fearful judgments of Goda and as to the uplhot of all , eternall 
death of body and foul: As then the Ifrdelites were never to eat the 
Pafchal-lambbut they were recalled to the memory of that faving 
pretention of the Angel, and Gods merciful deliverance from the 
fiery fornaces of the Egyptians 5 fo neither may wt ever behold this 
facramental reprefentation of the death of our Weflfed Saviour, but 
we fhould bethink our fch^cs of the infinite mercy of our goodi 
God in faving us from everlafting death and refcuingus from the 
power of hclh 

This is the firft figure ; That the Lamb is the Pafl&ver.. The fe- 
fecond followes. That Chrift is that Pafchal-Lamb. Chrift then be- 
ing the end of the Law, it is no marvell if all the ceremonies of the 
Law fcrved to prefigure, and fet him forth to Gods people; but none 
did fo clearly and fully refcmble him as this of the pafchal Lambe r 
vvhether we regard, -r.. thcchoyce, 2. the preparation,, 3, the eat- 

The choice whether in refpcft of the nature,, or the quality of it.- 
the nature, ye know this creature is noted for innocent, meek, gen- 
tle, profitaole :. fuch was Chrift our Saviour*l£s fore-runner point- 

/ «•■ 


I t 



■ ip n iiia I" 

'^"•— ^"^»*-»« 

ed at him under this ftile j JJ^fib^W f^r Lamk of God^ what per^^^ 
Linoccflcc was here I No guile found in his mouth : Hell it ^If 
could finde nothing ro quarrel at in (o abfolucc integric]^ : What 
admirable mcekncls i He is brought as a L^mh to thejlsugbter 5 oj^ 
M a fi^eep before her fhcArers u dumhy fo opened be not his mouthy Efaj 
53.7. Doch his own treacherous fervant betray him to the death ? . 
Friendy v^herefore art thou come } AUt. z 6^ ^o* Do the cruel tormen- 
tors tenter out his prctious limmes and naxl his hands and feet to 
thetreeof^hamcandcu^fe^5 f^^fefr/o^^/i;^ them for they know mi 
jphdt they do ^ Qhpatienceaad meekncH^ incident into none but aa 
infinite fcifferer 1 : . 

2ly. The quality. Every Lamb would not ferve the turnc : it 
muft be agms immacuIatHSy A lamb without blemivh that muft be 
pafchal : . £xW. 12. 5, Neither doth it hinder ought that leave is 
there given to a pxomiicuous ufe either of lamb or kid for the facta- 
mental Tapper of the paflfovcr 5 For that was only allowed in a cafe 
of neccffity, as Theodoret rightly j and as learned Junius well, in 
•the confufion of that firft inftitution $ wherein certainly a Iamb 
could not be gotten on the fuddain by every IHaelidfli houfe-keeper 
to icrve fix hundred thoufand men s wd fo many there were, Exod. 

12.37- - . 

This liberty then was only for the firft turne as divers other of 

thofe ceremonious circumftances of the paflfovcr were, namely the 
four daies preparation, the fprinkling of the blood upon the door- 
cheeks, eating with girded loines, and ftavcs in their hands, wWch 
were not afterward required or praAifed* 

The Iamb then muft reprcfent, a mod holy and perfc^Hy fin-lefs 
Saviuurj could he have been capable of the leaft fin even in thought 
he had been fo far from ranfoming the World, that he could not 
have faved himielf j Now his exquifite holincile is fuch as that 
by the perfe^ion of his merits he can and doth prefect bis whale 
.Church to himf el fghriou^y not having fpot or wrinkle or any fuch thing '^ 
as holy and ufUhout ikmifljy Ephef, 5. 27. Canft thou therefore ac- 
01(6 thy fclf for a finfiil wretch, a foul bicmifhed with many 
foul imperfedlions. Look up man, lo, tliou haft a Saviour that 
hath holincffQ enough for himfelf, and thee, and all the Worfd 
of belecvcrs : clofc with him, and thou art holy and happy 5 Be^ 
hold the immaculate lamb of God that takes aw a) the pm.tfthrworldyilmc 





^Iherefore if thcM canft Uy bold on him by a lively faidi^and cnake 
hun thine. 

This for the choice s the preparation foUowes : (o Chrift is the 
paiHial lamb in a threefold refpeA : in refemblance of his ktUing, 
j|>rinklin^ his blood, and roafting. 

1. This Lamb, to make a true paflover, muftbe flatn; So was 
there a neceiEcy that our Jefos Aioiild dye for us : The two Difci- 
,ples in their widk to £/M»f hear this not without a round repro^rf* 
> from the mouth of theu: rifen Saviour ; Obfsoles oftd flam of heart to 
beleovesi tbMibe Prophets bsvef^en : Ottgk mt Chrift to bsvefufer- 
*eJthefethiiigSMdtoemerhaotjisglorii Luc. 24. »tf« Ought notftbcie 
is neceffity, thecbom was in piradiie upon mans dilbbedicncc(m7f^ 
morierii) thou (bait dye the death. Man finn«d, man muit die. 
The firft Adam finned , and we in him ; the fecond W^/^m muft by 
.death expiate the fin : Had not Chrift dyed, mankind muftj had 
not he dyed the firft death, we had all dyed both the firft and fe* 
cond 3 wlAmvi^hiddm of Uood there is no remiffioMy Heb. g. la. Here« 
. by therefore are we treed fnxn the fence of the (econd death, and 
tne fting of the firft to the unfailing comfort of our foules i hereup- 
on it is tnat our Saviour is fo carefiul to have hisdeath and paflba 
fofiiUyrtpreientedtousinbothhis facraments: the water is his 
blood in the firft Sacramenti the Wine is his blood, inthefc^ 

In thishc is fenfiby audfy'd before our eyes i the bread, that k 
his body broken, the wine his blood poured our. And if thefe 
ads and objeAs do not carry our hearts to a lively apprehenfton of 
Chrift our true pofibvcr, we (hall offer to him no otner|then the fa- 
crifice of fools. 

Lo here then a foverakn antidote ^ainft the firft death, and a 
ptefcrvative a^ainft the fi^nd, the Lunb flain from the beginning 
oftbe WorlcT: whyftiould we bedifcomtbrted with theexpcAa- 
.tion of that death which Chrift hath fuffered; why ftiould we be 
difmayed widb the fear of that death which our ail-fuf&cient Re- 
deemer hath fi:illy expiated ? 

2ly. In the firft inftimtion of this pafibvcr $ The blood of the 
land) was to be iprinkled upon the pofts and lintells of the dooces of 
ev^ Ifraelite : fo if ever we look for any benefit fix)m Chrift our 
Ta^ver, there muft be a particular application of his Uood to the 

Z be- 

mi\i wmmmmmmmmm 


belt£9mg foul $ even very Paplfts can f«y j^t tmlcfs oar ttieitcs or ho^ 
]y actions be dyed or tinAured in cfae bleod pf Chrift^they tan avafl ik 
noching: but this confideration wH meet withiismore feafonsft^y up* 
on the fourth head. 

3ly. This Daflbver muft be roafted home, not ftewed, not par^ 
boild s So did the true pafchaU lamb undergo the flames of his Fdi- 
thcrs wrath for dUr fins j here was not a fcorcWng and WifteringVait 
a vehement and full torrefadion s It was an ardent heat xhsLt could 
fetch drops of blood from him in the garden ; but it was the lioneii 
of flames that he felt upon Ae crofs, wlien he aycd out, My Ggdy 
my G$dy why hufl thou furf^kcn me i Ob who can withoot hotroar and 
ama zcmem hear fo wofuU a Avord fall from the mouth of the Son of 
C0A4 Had he not faid. My Fadber, this flrain had ftink us into 
tit ter dcfpafr : but now in this very torment is comfort ? He Irnew 
he could not be forfaken of him of whom he faith ; I and my Father 
are one : he could not be forfaken by a (ublation of union,tho^i he 
feemed fo by a fiibftradion of vifion ( as Leo well ) the fcric (rfa)m- 
fort was clouded for a while from his humanity, his deity was ever 
glorious, his faith firme ; and fupolyed that flrong confolation 
wMch his prefentfenfe failed of} anatnerefiore youfoon hear him 
in a full concurrence of all Heavenly and vi^rious powers of a con- 
fident Saviour fay, Fsther^ifOetkyhsfuls Jcommend my Sprky In the 
mean while even in the he^ht of this fuffering there is our cafe, for 
certainly the more the Son of God indured Tor us, the more futc 
we are of anhappy acquittance from the Tribunall of Heaven, the 
juftice of God never puniflied the fame fin twile over : By his l\xipts 
wc are healed 5 by his payment we are difchargcd, by his torments 
we arc alTurcd of peace and glory. 

Thus muchof the preparation J Theeatingofitfollowesin the 
appendances, the manner, the perfons. 

The appendances. It muft be eaten with unlcavned bread, and 
with four, or bitter herbs: Of the unleavened bread we have fpo- 
ken enough before : For the herbs^ that nothing might be want- 
ing, the fame God that appointed meat, appointed rtie faucetoo, 
and that was a fallad of, not pleafing, bur, bitter herbs; herein 
providing not fo much for the palate of the body, as of the foul j 
to teach us that wc may not partake of Chrift withow fen- 
fible difreliftes of nature, widiout outward aiHiaions,witfcoiit a tnic 
conm'don of Spirit. j^ 




k is theconduioB 
torficprofeffianoiChtiftianityi 1« "igi receive an ioq. tow witn 

SrfecSfons 5 thole to faoet -, di« f or b$ fake and the Qofji^lls, 
ferfakcalLi«i^no.3o. Sitcbwntberefore, Oman, and <^unt 
•what it wUlcoft thee to be a true Chriftun, thrtu^h mmj tnkul^ 

'^^Sckter can wc waive thiicvangeljaU pa(C>vcr without a true 
coieririonof foul foe our fins paft j.thuik not, my beloved, that 
tS^S ^bttt joiUty tobc look^t for at Gods ta^c. Yc mav 
frSkk^ine te feaft widi the\Voild ibttt if ye vvdl fit vvich Chrift 

aS^onhtoi ycmuftcathimwithbitterhcibsjhetcmuftbe a 
Swd2mpi^nofhc«t (after a due felf ecammaaon ) foraU 
bTcaSfi the pafchal lamb, bwwith fu^r-fops, or fomc plca/ing 
toST^maVMtbeio, h«c muft be a bttemeflc of foul, j no 

Olourholyfcrvice$i*>»*-«:'^*f/«>'^«^'«'^'**?^^^ J^* . 
S^S. Uisandftidoldbeour j»y , that we have this lamb 

SgXm^ ois : but it isour juft forrow to finde our own vvrctch- 
-S^Sttoefsoffogieatamcrcy Godly fonrow muft make way 
S-Sd^oyandcoDiIrt : if there be any of you therefore that 
W^irsSvourbrcaftafecrctlovc of, and complacency in vour 
tt^Sedfms(p«.i^O^^^^^^^^ let him ^P off from 
^hSlTTablc s lethimbewaU his Mull imfdilpofuion^d not 
darewytfbrthhishandtotWspaffowcr tiUbe have gathered the 
Sr iSbsof a forrwrfid remotfe for his hated oficnccs ; And 

d^^Mc^w pW^fly J lay the law then home to thy foul, 

yS^ dw^Chriftians, how can any of us fce the bodjr of our 
blefed'sa^r broken/and his blood powcd outs WwithaU 

S ai^Cw that V^ own fins are ^74^1^^-^^^,?^ 
fonofGodtbeLotdof ife, and not feel his heart toucheawitna 
fad andpafi^oprehenfion of his own vUcnefle, and an indig- 
Sa?Wnw(ckcdne{fcthat hath dcfetved and done this? 
S^e^th^St«r heibs wherewich if we (hall eat this palfover wc 
tufodcTtmSwholefome, ^ nouriflvableuntoustoetcmall 

life, ' Z I ^^ 


^ The manner ofche eating of it foiiowes, in three particulars, 
li. The whole lan^oault be eaten^ notapartofic; 
2. Not a bone of it muft be broken. 
3* In one houfe at once^ nodung to be referved^ or carded: 

Ibrthefirfts yovfihde it not io in any other cookerv orpcavUi-^ 

on of tt^ kind: manyaLanibdidtheJewesaitinaHtheyear be* 

(tdes, thefe were halved and quartered as occafon ferved : but ftur 

the jpafchd L«nb it muft be let on all whole ; the very entrayles 

munbe wa(hed and put into the roaft, and brought lo the board 

in an entire difti : whofoever would partake of Cnrift ar^it> wndSt 

take whole GhriA^ not dhifdtf to go away with a limme) and leave 

the reft; thathe(houlditft«ifr^m^M£^x#Clr/^^ atthat Farher 

fpeaks : as in Gods demands ofus he will have all or nope ; fo ia^ 

his grant to us^ hewiUgtve all or nones He would not have (H^ 

much as his coat divided^ much Ie£fe will he abide hiinfelf fhall s 

There haveheen heretickS) and I would there were not fo ftiU s 

that will be (haring, and quartering of Chrift^ one wiUallow of his^ 

hunaanicy, nothis eternal deity ; another will aUow his hunane 

body, but not his fdnl s thatmuftbe fopplyed by thfc deity ; sukh 

ther will allow a d^ine foul with a fantaftick body s One wili al-- 

low Chrift to be a Prophet 0r a Prieft) but will not admit of him 

as a King: In vain do all thefe wretched mif-belevers pretend ta 

partake of Chrift the pafl&vcr^ whiles they do this fet hiriion^ 

peccemeal: They are their own monflrous fancies which they do 

thus fet btforethemielvess not the true pafchal Lamb, whom we 

dcimoftfacrilfgioufly violate in ftead of rccei\4n^3 if our faith dd 

not repre(ent nun to us wholy God and Man, foul and body, Kine^ 

Pficft, and Prophet, here he is fo exhibited to us, and it we a6 

thus beleeve in nim and'thus apply him to our folds, we do truly 

receive him, and with him eternal falvation; . 

JTwo particulars follow yet more in the manner -5 then the 

perfons allowed to this- banquet, no uncircumdfied might cat 

thereof ; Then in the next jrfacc wc (hould defccnd to the 

fccond head of bur -difctHirfe that Ghrift is ourPdftfvcr. Then 

that he is our Paflbver facrificed j and facrifitcd for us. 

Ye fee what a World of matter yet remains and offers it 

fc:lf aj inra thronge to our meditations s but the. long bufineA 





(^che cnfuing Saetament fjoifaids ow funhcr (Urcoutfe, aad' 
calls us from foeakii^ <^ Chdft cur Pa0over to' partakii^ of 
hitns Fac-whicb.he pKpace ouc ibulescbat ha(b dearly, bon^t 
chem, and hath given tiimfelf to be our true palTover s To whom 
with, the Iradier' and. the blefid Spirit one infinite and incom- 
pcehcofihlcGod be all Fnife^nQur/md Glory, now and for ever. ■ 



■ I ■■ tm 

> .» 




.n . 






i^taM«n. ^ 


' -A- 








TbcBrftEpUHe of theHoly ApolHePettr, the firil Chapter ludthc 
' 17 th. verfe 

Jfye call on the F Other jvht wiihoHt reffeB ilf ferfont 
JHdgelh according to every mans worl{ji fafs the time 
of yoHr fojoHrning here in fear. 

Henairbkfled Siviour ailed tair, uid Atirn, hs 
Brother^ to their dilciple-fhip, he did it in thcTe tcmcs} 
jlf«tK 4. . tolh0 me-^tail mill make yatt fi^xri if 'Melt : Aud in- 

17. deed, this was their trade and profeflion ; which they 

praAifed CQnftaii(Iy> and cffbdually : Neither doubt 1 
JAh, io fay that the great draught of Firtij whichfrfo-tookup, ( when 
''' "' hccaufotthhisnccat thcammandof Chiifi after his rcrutrcdi- 

on ) 



on ) was a type and emblcme of that great Capnue of fouls, which ^ 
he dioold make (oon after s whenat one Sermon he drew up no ja. 2. 
lefs then three thoufand Souls ; every exhortation that he made was 41* 
an Angle, or a cafting net to take fome hearers s but thefe two ho- 
ly Epilties are as fome fcene, orlatge drag-net to enclofe whole 
Shoalcs of believers ; and this Text, w\ich Iliave read unto you, is 
as a rowe of me(hcs knit together, and depending upon eaclf other : 
Firft, you have here that our life is a fojourning on Earth, Second- 
ly^ this fo jourjiiiftg hath a time i Thirdly, this time muft be pafRd s 
Fourthly, this paflage mu(\ be in fear ; Fifthly, this fear muft be of 
a Father : Sixtnly, he is fo a Father that he is our Judge i Laftly, 
his judgment is unpartiall for he judgeth without tefpc&, of perfons^ 
according to every oilans work s all which may well be reduced to 
thefe two heads s A charge and an enforcement; a duty and a motive 
to perform it 5 The charge, or duty is. To pafs the time of their fo- 
journing in fear, the motive, or enforcement. If we call on the 
Father, &c. The duty thoi^h laft in place, yet is firft in nature, 
and (hall be accordingly meditated of* 

Firft therefore our life is but a iojourningrherc ; our former tran- 

ilation tumes it a dwelling, not fo properly 5 the word is •v**' : 

now «cf'««», is to dwell as a ftranger or fojoumer ; fo the French 

hath it [ femr temfgr/l ] fo near together is the fignification of 

words of this nature, that in the Hebrew one word Signifies both a - 

dweller and a ftranger , I fuppofe, to imply that even the indweller 

is but a ftranger at home. Ifcit this «cM« here doth both imply 

an home, and oppofes it. The condition of every livihg foul, efpeci- 

aUy of every Chrfllian, is, to be feregrini^s^ as out of his own Coun^ 

try , and Hp//pf5, as in anothers. Think not this was the cafe of Sr. - 

feterontXjy who by the exigence of his Apoftleihip was to travell 

up and down the World ; for both it is apparent that feter (after ^ 

the ilufts of our Jefiiiticall interpreters ) haa an houfe of his own to 

refide m^MMh.i.i/LS^ that he writes this to his G)un try-men the 

Jcwes i amongft wnom ( notwithftanding their difper(ion, ) there 

were dodxlefs jmany ricli owners ; as there are ftill in many parts of 

the World after all their difgracefuU eliminations : the Father of the . 

fiuthfull was (b \ Wxkx. 11. 13. and the Sons of that Father were fo 

after 4iim s jAciri? fpeaks of t!^ daycs of his Pilgrimage \ David was 

a great King J yiet he tonfcdcsr himelf a ftranger upon Earth, and 




chat this was heredity to hun. \ for be adds, 4^ vpere mi Faberi i He 
, had GDotc Land then they ; They had fome few fields in Bethlthem^ 
hemled fiom Dan to Bctrfbebsy yet a profefled Granger j where-' 
in as he was a type of Cbrift fo an example of all Chriftians 3 as 
Sfrmffti md^ filgrims ( faith the Apoftle) dftsin from jU^ly Imfis j 
TbeTaidifullaiahis, according to tliat oiBerva^d^ the Lords fer^ 
vvants his neighbours fellow, and the Worlds Maftcr s AH things 
aremtrSy faitti the Apoftle, yet is he the while but a fojoumer up* 
on nis own inhoitances no worldly refpe^ can free^denifon a Chd^ 
itian here; and of /!f/^r/«M make hhncivis. / 

No it is out of tl^ power of all earthly commodities ^ to natura* 
iize him ; fpr neither can his abiding be here, ' if he Ihould, love 
the earth never fo weli, neither Ihalfne finde any true rtll, cr coii- 
tcntment here below s ifany wealthy citizen upon the Qocortaioty 
of trade, (hall have turned his 0u>p*book , and his ba^es into 
lands and mannours, and having purchafed plentifully, and called 
his land by his name, fhaUbefo fooliih as to fet down his reft here 
and fay, ///V requiet m^j;^ foul take thy eafe, he may well look 
that Crod will give him his own ; with a Thufooly this nighty &c. 

It is trues the worldly man isat home in rclpeft of his affeftioms 
.but he is,and (hall be a meer fojourner in refped of his tranfit(»ioefs. 
Hs foul is (aftcncd to the earth ; all Us fufamuice cannot fallen him- 
fdf to it: Both the Indies could not purchafe his abiding here j 
thi^is.eur.conditionasmen, but much more as Chriftians,we are 
perfed ftrangenand fpjoumers here in the world ; and if we be no 
other then luch^ why .do we not demean our felves accor^ 

Uthenwebebutfojournersand that in a ftrange nation, here 
.muft be an ( ^»«*~^ ) an unrtiedlingnefle vvith thefe world- 
ly concernments, not that we (hould retrain from managing the 
.affaires of this prefent life ; without which it were no living for us 
.uponicanh:5 tnere is *-difference betwixt (^*ik^ and ^**^«) 
neceffary bufinefle, and unnecefTary diltra^ions : A man that fo- 
vjournes ahroadina flrange countrcy findes himielf no way interef&d 
Jn their defines, and proceedings: what cares he who rues, or falls 
at their Coun^? whais in favour and who in difgrace ; what ordinan- 
ces or lawes are made, and what are repeakd; hefayesftiU to 
khiiiifelf, asQur Saviour laid to ^^f^/-, H^idadtei VVhat is that to 


HH ' pyi^p— *gi^ 


' ' i ■ ■ ■ 

thcc? Thus doth the Chriftiaii here 5 he muft ufe the World as if 
he uied ic not "i he muft pafs through die affdtrs of this Ltfe^ without 
beiiig incangled in i^iem^ as remembring who and where he is ; th^tt 
heisbdcafo^tiriier^hcce; : ' 

Secondly, heccsfnuftiieaUghtaddreis} iicyMan that goes to fo* 
jeurn in a ftrar^e Country wUl carry hislfioiber along with him i 
but leaves all bis houAiola ftuffe at home ; no, he will not (o much 
as qury bis fiock of mony or Jtwelis with him : as knowing he may 
meet with dangers of theeycs 3 and robbers in the way, but makes 0- ^ 

vcr his mooy by excha!^ to reoeive it where he is gduig, ye rich 
men cannot tmnk tocarry ^our pelfe widi you into Heaven } no, it 
were well if you could get in ydor felves, without that ctioibrous 
Lo^, it may keep you out, ye cannot tauty it in : if yos. will go fafe 
and fure wayes, make over your flock by exchange that'is, (as our j'j^ 
Saviour tells you ) ttiake ycu friends *or the unrighteous Mammon^ ^[ . ',^[ 
that whcn,ye go htnce thcv may rdceive you into everlafting h^i- 
taiions } thoje riches whidi S§knumhith have wings, and therefore 
may flic up, af^l. ( being well afedr) maiy help to carry up your 
fouies towards Heaven ; if you clip their wios» may prove as dogs 
to weigh your foul^ down to Hell .- difpofe ciF themtherefore where 
you may be fure to find them with an happy advantage to your 
lelves, and do not think to keep tham ftiU in yourhancB, rcmcm- 
bring that you ate b^it fojournets here. 

Thirdly, if ye be but ftran^rs and (bjourners here , yoa muft 
make account ofnaother then hard u(age in the worlds it is the 
juft Epithete of the world which J^lim Scaliier gives unjufUy to 
Londany Toriidferegrinis ^ but we cannot add that which follows, 
fednon & idxifpiu i for furely there is nothing to be expof)td here 
biic unUnde and churlifli intercainment i wc knoW that God' ftill 
puts together the Stranger, the Widow, and the Orphan ; thefc 
arc every where moft expofed to wrong ; as men are ftiU apt to 
clitrf) over tihe hcdg where it is lowefir 

The good Sliurianiite, when the Prophet offered her the favour 
to (peak to the King for her, could fay, IdweUdman^f niTown Pee- 
pie J intimating, that while (he dwelt at home amongll her good 
Neia]Ux>urs, (he h^ no necdof a Friend at Court. But when fhc 
had been abroad §:)joufnirigin the land of the Philiftims, and in ^ ^^^^'' 
^ abfe nee was ftrippcd Other houfe and Land, (he is fain to come • 

' A a with 



, . .. . V, ligbicd ^gaiiift 

the injurious ufurpatioii of Jtier crudLQpprr00Ur : .Do we theiefote 
glide barfh uTagc; at thc^l^iii^s.Qfifbe. iWprld I are^#eipighr(tdly 
imreacedby unjuli men, our reputation bfemifhed, oiu: ;pra^Km 
fUadcred:, our goods plttiid«tcd> cnk eftacds^^ 
our bodies imprubned : ^and alliodigmnescaftwponus, a«id ^ms^? 
let us bethink our felves^- where and what we arc : finngets and 
^(ojourners here. Aqd Ut us n^ op reckoning- t6£sM any other* 
wile whiles Wcfojupsii^i^ 

' Laifiy^' ifwebeftijin^ herc^^ wccwmotiat 

^Ibave agood doand lx)mewjird : Icis .natural to us all to be dearly 
iffcft^d CO ouVhome^ jagd chough the place where we fojourncbe 
.bandfom^ and pjQ^^^BWooiawsiheBaurQw^i, yet weare^rca* 
,dy,tofay> £|oflic4s|fe^l^^ thoiigjh t>ur bo- 

dies^ away i ai)d^his^ia diiferende betwhct akuitfhedndan^ahd a 
voluntary <Tx?ve}lcr 5 The veiled man hath none but .difplcafing 
^thoughts for his fl^t|v^^CPUPtt3e^ would£un foiget- it^ and is apt 
(as we baye^4 itoo iifu^'prod^ ) ao.dcvife plots i^ttift k^ where- 
iais the volonqirv Ti^u^^rilor ibiiiks thetiane long till he nay enjoy 
his long dedrcd honje ; andthinkshiQiftif happY) thathemav fee 
the fmoak of his own <^imncy ^ . and if our lot be fain upon a uony 
and barren /^i74c4) yetjcis nocaSichefilorioas promiiesofa Cslyp/b 
can withdraw us from defiring afpeei^ rcturife to k j beloved;^ wc 
know we are ftii^ngcrs here ; our home is above. ' There is our:Fa- 
thers houfe, in which there arc many manfions, and all glorious : 
If this earth had as many.cootentnoems in it, as it harh miferies and 
vexations, ycj^^it.could not ^^ompare with that regionof bltfledneflfe 
which is oWyonly home •• Oh then if we believe our fclvcs to have 
a true right to that abiding City > to that City which hath foun- 
dations where our Father dwels^ why do we not lone to be poffcf- 
fcd of thofe glorious^and <!verlafting habitaticms?we nndeit too true 
which the Apoftle faics, Th^ jphiles we Atnefr^eM in tbejlffh we Are 
a Cor. 5 • ^H^^f^^^ *^ l^rdl ^ Why are we not heartily defirous to change 
' tnefe houfcs of clay for that boufe not naade with hands erctnalin 
the heavens ? we.may pJeaft our felvesin formalities j but I muft 
tell you it is no good fign if we be Joath to go home to cur fa- 
thers houfe : Me things this word (hefc) (hould be emphatical 5. 
iadeeditis not in. the ordinal text, but it is ^th fuSi^riy im- 




tbepUeeofootfojciiriimgy and the ptecfe <)f och: hb^ Here is 
trouble aad toil > . chtre is rdft ; iHere is^d^otdet'aifd fin, ' there jpef- 

yea) if (on fomd^haads^liihoiiU % m*t^^ 
ihoold Qotfae unchailuablej thote> witnGod tod- hB hlef&d^ An^^ 
gels, and the fouls of righteous men made pafed : Here arc con<^' 
timsill changes aad fiKcefioiis of forrow, there an eeetnky of un* 
ii^ecmittcdjand tti]coacchiad>ic joy^ Ohfbetihe^dan ^dhooicTy^ 4«.k* 
but fay wilb Hsvid^ mihe Jtii^tmmetbpfm ibtwairr^(mk$'y fo d$tb^ 

depdAhem^OMdtairwitbehriitif. Ihft for odf fojouming here. 
l^QWi for the tinie of our fo$QlHtti%. 
Taiicffsthecoalmoiit»afQilaofall rhitigs' the IMeffal o^t-; 

tilth Wife 5#bmii9jaiid Idm ¥'tin6 9 f« thc^ mo^kifts ^ time arc 
quick aod irrcvocadile, yexandOt thi^ of it httt- ^rith *win^ 3 It . is 
bitt a^&^t word, A^azmofylkUc'^ w6€i whflcsf y^ are fpeaktng 
ofit^.itisrgobei Asifer dr^ioKfOtouf ftfjdori^ iWi/ifircck* 
o|i$ itby.yeanv/a^hylfiteicth^^Uid chofe of vamr)^; old- Jaco6, 
^D4vidbyd^yt%i the^ipftltfflttti^ic np clofer; ahdeals the 
vfiyj^tfof the Wodd, ii^i mnMffimSy the laft hoar: afl imply a 
qiakknd&of pafiGige; Ic^if a tme obfinvadon bi St^iftM-^rAocit^ 
temfwii ( faimjhfc ) the <|ukk fpeed of time U heft dflbemed- \7hcn 
we look arit paAy* aiftfgMie v and this I csUi ^dnfirm toToii b^* ex- 
perttiicelt hathpIeaTddtiie providence of my Gbdfb to cmtrive ity 
tbat this day, the very me»rtiiilg *foiuiootb years ago I was bom 
tQtotheW(^d : a^wktlmeSiee, ye^%e rekdy to fayj and (o 
imfeed ir feems toiyoa that look at XxitASUS^-^ hiit to txyr that look ' 
at it as paA, k fectnsfo (h(>rt ttti^ it ii goYie iik^ a tale that is told, 
or a dream by ofeht, and looks but can be no of- 
fence for me to ^y that many of you who h/sct-m^ chfe day, are not 
like toicefo many Suiis ^Ik w*r yotif hoddi, ias \ have (Sfoif* i yea,' 
what fpcidffl of this?thei-eii5 ttdt on<^of u« thaecari affire himfeft of 
his continuance here one day ; we are all Tenants at will, and ( for 
ought wcloiow > maybe ttirned our of thcfe clay cottages at an 
hours viramifig.'oh dieii wh^t (hould we-do but^as wife Farmers who 
know the tiaieof their Icafe ^is «piitrig^, and' cannot be rcnev^^d,- 

Aa 2 care- 

■■■i r'^ i I • I I ' ■■■ I . .^ ' _.4 ■ ■* ! J6 'rn'M i ^Tri^»*"^^**"— ^^B^ 

2 6 

■ — . --1 ■ - ' — ■ ; 

carefully ftn<I Tcafonably: prcmde ourfekfcs.of afwer, and moredu-.. 
ring tenure! rcn^mbet cue ¥vitcy Cbantryman'f /0m/' Wheels us of 
, a Lord in tys tunq that had a fool in His h€me(as many great men in 
thoCc 4ayc$ had for their pleafure) sb wli6m this l^ordgayc a ftaffe 
and charged hi^) co ke^p it nUi he Hoo^ mdec withone that were ' 
iTiore foqUhcji himrdbf i aAaif hcvetwidifucb^onev to deliver 
itovertohim. : v' 

-Not many years after thisXtocd fell fick^ and indeed was fide 
. , unto death: 1^ fo^If^aiDe to fee hiiii> «d;was cold by his (kk 
I^rd diac he muil nQwih«rtly leave htm^; And ,whithef Wilt thoti^ 
.go faid the fool ? IntQ another WoiMiaid hb Lord; and when wilt 
ihou [come again } within a moneth ^ No } within a year ? No.* 
when then ? Never, Never ? and what provifion haft thou made 
for thy intercaiam^fit t^iic^whittei: dxMi. ncft;? Noneatallc N03 
(aid tbq fool,, qona at ^ .? .Heoe^^nJceiny Bafts ^Ataa going a-^ 
viray for ever^ and hai^ taken no orda nor care ibow thou ih^t fpecd 
in tWoch^r World wiience tb&u Ihak never letum-f taktt my 
ftajfe, for Lam notrguilty ^:aay fucb foUy'as:thb-i and tfldeeo^ 
tWre cannot |beaf^&t(r foBy, jQCilnMdneTsi^ 
wholly taken up wifhj an tfigj^jregttdiO&thefe earthly vanities, 
which we cannot hold, as tchittedy nftgleA the jcare of that eterni- 
ty j which we can never forego j and (.coniidcr well of it) upon 
this moment of our ^e depends that «c3&iity^ cither way : My 
dear Brethren itis a>^at wa^i to H^veil.; and w^faayrbbt a little 
time to get thither ; Cod fayes to us, z^ the Aagrl Taid to BlijAf 
Up/orthouhaftagreatjournytogb} and if (as I fear-) we have 
loytercd in the way 4 and trifled away any parj of the time in vain 
impertinencies> we have foinuch more need to gird: up our loynes, 
and to haflt^aour p^ ; oMDheaits, oitr faUc hearts . an! teadv like' 
the Levites fervaitu -to jfnow m the Worids and to fay did of 

S^uSy Come Ifraj^u Ut us turn in to the Citj of ihe JeUfites Md hitge 
there j Ob let us nave his Mafters reiblute anfwet ccady in our 
7«i:i9. mouthes, ifr jw/f »iir twrn A^e into a Cit) of ^^ers^ neither will 
**• we leav^ t;ill vvc have got the gatfs of ijiods City J^^on our 

Tiftic is that whereof many of us are wont to be too prodigall*; 
we take care how to be rid of it j and ( if we cannot othcrwife ) 
we call it away^ and this^wc ca}l Pafs-timc i wherein wt da dan-. 

/ \ . ' geroufly 


- -■ _ - — — 

gflroufly miftake our fclvcs 5 and muft know that time isy as tfcc 
nrft, fo one of ttc moft orecious things that are : Infomuch as there 
are but two things whicn we are charged to redeem. Time and 
Truth • 

I find that in our eldTaxon language, a Gentleman was called 
an Idle-man ^perhaps becaufc thole who Ate born to fair eftates are 
free from thofc toils and hard labours which others are forced to un- 
dergo. I wilh the name were /not too proper to over-many in thefe . 
dayesjwherein it is commonly feen that thofe of the better rank' who 
are born to a fair ihhcritance fo carry themfelves as if they thought 
themfelves priviledged to do nothing, and made for mere difport 
and pleafure ; But alas can they hope that the great God when he 
(hall call them to give account of tne difpenfation of their time and 
cftatc, vvil! take this for a good reckoning. Itrniy (o many hours 
fpcm in dreffing and trimmiingj fo many in Idle vifitings, (o many 
in gaming) fo many in hunting and hawking, fomany tn the play- 
hottfe, fo many in the Tavern, fo many ih vain chat s fo many in 
wanton dalliance .^ No, no my dear Brethren, our hearts cannot z 
Uk tell us how ill an Audit we (hall make upon fuch a wofull com- ^ 
putation, and how fure we are to hear of a Serve ne^aam^ Thou ^ 
vill Servant, and unfaithfull j and to feelc a retribution accor?- . 

Let us therefore in the fear of God be exhorted" to recoiled our 
fclvcs, and fincc we find our felvei guilty of the finfuU mifpcnfc o£. 
our good hours, let uSjWhiles we have (pace, obtamofour fclycs to 
be carefuUofredeeming that precious time we have loftj as the 
Widow ofSarepta^ when (he had but a little oylc left in her crufe. 
And a Httle meale in her barrell, was carefuU ot fpending that to the ^ 
beft^advantage : fb let us, con(iderin|; that we have but a little fand 
left in our glaife, a fhort remainer or our mortal lifc^ be fure to im— 
ploy if unto the beft profit of our fouls j fo as every of our hours 
ttiaycacry upwithitanhappyTeftimony of our gainful! improvc- 
a^ent : that (b, when our day cometh, wc may change our time for 
eternity i ' the time of our fojourcing tor the eternity, of glory and 

Thus much f<ir the time of our fojourning ; now as for the paf* 
fageofthistitne,I(hall fpafe any further difcourfe of it, though 

litts is a irilfete^wcU worthy of our thoughts i and indeed we that 
•. \: ■ ■• ■'• live 



livewitbiQchefrnoakoftheQty, have our cars fo-conrinually in-, 
uredto chenoifeofpafiing'Bdis^ that it is t wonder we un think 
of any thing but our pal&ng^way, together with our time^ unlefs 
it be with us, as with thofe that dwell near the Cataiad of nUms^ 
whom the continuall noifeof that loud waterfall is faid to niaJce. 
xlcaf. But (Ince we are fain upon the ioiention of this fubjtiSt^ give 
leave I be&ech you to a word of not unfeafoiiable d^cifion, I have 
noted it to be the fafliion here amongft you, chjtt when a ne^hboiir 
4yeS) all his fHendsinfeveraitparin^siet forth their fiei^to give 
3, generail notice of his depamire s I do not diflke ! tlie. pra&i^ it. 
is an av^ of much civility , and fair refpe£l to the de^afedj tod i£ 
the death of Gods Saints be ( as it is ) precious in hisiight^ there is 
greatreafpn it fhould be foip ours^ ana thicrefore well worthy. of a 
publique notification s Bat let me tell you that in other welltc«^c- 
ced places where I have lived, it is yet a mort commendable faihion, 
that when a fick neighbour is drawing towards his end, the Bell.i^ 
tolled to give notice of his dying condition, that all wicUn heac-* 
tng. may l^ thereupon moved to pour out their fervent piayos ,foc* 
Ltncgoodofthat dfcparting foul, fuing for mercy and foigivenefs^ 
4ld a dean pafl(agc of it to the approadiing glory ; if there ^ ci- 
vility and humanity in the former courfc there is more charity and 
piety in this s bat this by the way. This term of our paflGige is but, 
an Englifh exprcflfion/, the origintl .word is.C ^*'^^fk^ ) whick 
fignifies rather our converfing : paffij^gthis therefore, let us me- 
Atatcupon the modification of thispaflage.of our time 5^ whicii is 
faid muft be in fear« 

Fear is an unwelcome and unpleafmg word, and the thing more ; 
forwecommonkfay, that pnclycvill is the object of fear; and 
that whom we fear we hate 3 and perhaps, the Auihours and A- 
t«ttours of the uncomfortable doarine of diffidence and uncer- 
tainty of refolution in the fpirituall eftate of our fouls, would be 
glad of fuch an ovcrmre, for, jh? maintenance of thofe iifteartenina. 
pofitions which they have broached unto the World to thispuipoiS 
cut their mouthes are foon ftoppcd, with the addition ot the' 
name of a Father, which is abundantly Sufficient, ta fwecten this 
harfti found of fear! foas this claufe otthe Text mayfcemto bc^ 
clearlycommenteduppnbythat of Romans S^i^. ^^ygihs-Mm: 
rectivedthe Spirit of btndage again to fear^ hut je h'^^ received tbe 



I t 

'■ " i. 

Spiral rnkftiwy whereby we crj^ Abbsy FMher y There ate indeed ^ 

temres Ihmim^ the terrors of the Lord, iCor. 5. iz. For fuch is 

the dreadfuIlMajefty of the infinite God^ that hisprefence, even 

whenhedeiires t^ appear moft amiable) overlaies out weaknefs; ^ 

yeafo awfully glorious is the ftght of one of his Angels, that Mmo- ^^'* ^^' 

M and: his wife thought they (hould dye of no other death ; yea, 

and fometinaes, like a difpleaied Father he knits his brows upon. 

htrdcareft ( if otfeadmg ) children : the Man after his own heart 

could &y. Thy tentm bdve Ifmffered wkb 4 tr^uikd mind : thj ferce 

wr4thpeth over me^ rfsl 88. is> i(5« which he (peaks not onely 

om Ota tnie fenfe of his own aiifery, but as a pik Type of htm, wh6 

intheixttemefs ofhis agony did fweat drops of blood, and with 

htmc^edout, ^jf Ggd^ m%6^^ why hili thou forjsktn me ? who^ 

yet was heatd in that wluch hefeated ; heard and freed, heard and 

crowned } thus'iad maybe the condition of thebeft of Saints inthe 

pangs^of their trialls ^ which yet can be no other then fafe , whiles, 

with ^eir Captain and Saviour^ they can fay, Mj Cod^ my Gody and 

may jbear-God fay untathem ; Pesr neef&r I have redeemed thee ^Md 

fsSetd Aee % thy Mmr , ihou^t mine^ £p.45« i .That we may fee then 

what fear it is which is here recommended to us as an infeparable 

companion in this our pilgrimage, know, that there is^bafckind 

offi»irincide»ttntotneworftofmen, veabeafts, yea Devils ;the- 

Devils believe and tren^le (fiiiththe Apoffle) and we know the 

dogfeasstbe whip, arid the horfe the fwiech, and the (lave fears 

the la Ai of his craoH Mafter, this is therefore called a flavifti fear 

which-phoughicbinot goodin itfclf, yet may have this good ef-* 

fcft in wioked men to rettrain them from thole viiianics which they 

jwould ocherwife commit ; and certainly were it not for this, there 

were no living amongft men j Earth would be Hell : there is be- 

ildes a difhunfuU fear \n onfetled hearts ; which is an anxious 

^otfct left God will notb^fo good as his word, and perform thofc 

pcomifes which he hath made to us 5 this is highly finfiill in it felfj 

midinfinicely diihonorAle and difpleaffng unto God ; for, if an 

honeft man cannot endure to be diftrufted, how hainoufly muft 

the God of truth needs take it that his fidelity (hould be called inta 

qtteftion by fiilfi^heartcd men : The fear that we muft ever take 

along with us, is double: A fear of reverence , and a fear of cir- 

ormfpe^bn 5. thcfiift is that wjicrcof Mdofhy x. 6- A Sw hom^ 




re^b his Fathef^ Mdafervant Us AUiter^ If then I bt your Fsaher 

rpfjcr^ ismj honour 5 and if 1 Ley^urAfuHcr w\)erf it my fear i And 

this fear confifh in our awfull aiid trcmbltog acknowledgment of his 

.dread prefence^ in our reverentiall, and adcning thoughts of his in- 

finitencfs .- in our humble and holy detires to be allowed of him in 

all things j this is that which wife Solomon more then once tells us 

in the begining, or ( as the word rather fignifies ) the chcif point of 

^ifdom^ and which the Pfalmift truly tals is accompanied with 

bleflcdnefs. The latter which I call a iear of circumfpe^on, is a due 

and tender regard to all our wayes, not without an holy jealouiie 

^ over our fclves in all our anions, words, and thoughts, left wt 

might do 3 fay, or tHink any thing that might be difpleafi^ to the 

MajeftypfourCod, whereof 5^i»0/i, Bkjjedisthe Msn tbatfejr* 

ttbsl»Sjes \ hut he tha hardneth hit besrt fhaUfdU into mf chiefs Prov. 

28. 14. Now, thefe two fears are as twins that are joyned to^e^ 

ther in the bulk of the bo Jy , infeparable jand are fo comprehenme, 

that all Religion is exprcrtcd by the name of fear j and ii**** is 

rendredby T/'/n^ri^n^ : indeed where this fear is, there can be no 

other then a graciousheart : for this will be fure to work in a man 

true humility, the Mother of verraes } when he {hall compare his 

dufl and a(hcs, with the glorious Majefty pf God, when he fees 

filch an Heaven roling over hiS' head, fuch an Earth and Sea under 

him, how can he but fay^ Lord, what is man } this will make him 

t^khimfelf happy that he may be allowed to love fuch a God : 

that fuch a worme as he may be admitted to have any intercfl in fo 

infinite a Ma jefly, this will render him carefully conlcionable in aU 

hiswayes, that he would not for a VVorld do any thing that might 

o£knd fuch a God, yea it will make him no Icffe fearfull of fin then 

of Hell : fee Gods own connexion when he gives a Charader of his 

Servant Job : A perff8 and an upright many one that feareth God and 

efcheweth evilly JoL 1. 8.L0, he that fears God will therefore ef- 

chewevill, will not dare to fin: ifSatanfhalUayall the Treafiiies 

of the World at his feet, he vyill fay in an My fcorn. Thy Gold and 

* thy Silver ferifh with thee 5 if all the philtres and wanton allure^ 

mcnts of a great and beautifull mifirels fhall lay feige to him, he 

^tn. 39. xviU fay -with good fojefh^ How canldothisoreat mckednefs and fin 

ayainii God : But O God, who hath believed our repott, and to 

whoinis the armc of thp Lord revealed ? Is there fuch a thing as 




the fcuot the Lord amoncft neo ? Can we think that the coib- 
moil iins of the times can ttand with the leaft fcniple of the fear of 
the Almighty ? wo is ine> what rending and tearing of the factrd 
name of uod in pieces, with oaths and blafphemtes do we meet 
with every where I what cootcmpt of hishoiy Ordinances gnd Mi<* 

What aboniina)>le faciiledgcs ? what foul perjuries ? what Imittfti 
and odious dtunkennefs, and epicurean exccfs f what fraud and co« 
zenage in trading i whit AiamefuU undeannefs ? what metcilcfs 
and bloody oppr^fioni^ i Oh where, then, where is the fear of a 
God to be found the whiie ? yea to fiich an height of atheous bold- 
nefle, and obduration are dbe ruffians of our time grown, that they 
boail ofit as their greateft glory, to fear nothing. Neither God nor 
Devils they feaft without fear, they fight without fear, they fin 
without fear. 

Butliearthisye carelefie and profane epicures that fay, Tafh 
doth God fee h? IstkereknowUdgiHthefMfthigh} Hear this ye for* 
mall hypocrites that can fafbibnablv bow, to him whofe face you 
canbe content to fpit upon, and whom ye can abide to crucifie a- 
gain by your wicked lives } Hear this yc Godleile and fwaggering' 
roarers, that dare fay with Pbar'sob^ nifo is the Lord} You that' 
aow hid defiance to fear, fhall m ipight of vou learn the way to 
fear 5 yea to tremWe, yea to be<x)nfoandcd, at the terrors of the 
Alm-ghty 5 Thofe knees that arc now fo ftiff, that they will not 
bow to Cod, (hall once knock togethcT } thofe teeth, through 
which your blafphemies have pai&d, fhaUgnadi, thofe hands, that 
were lift up a^ainft Heaven mall fhake, and languiCh. If yc were 
as flrong as l^untaines, before his prefencc the Monntaines fled, 
and the mils were moved } Ifasfirmeasrocks, who canftand be- 
fore his wrath : His wnA) ii f oared out like fire^ and the rocks are 
hroTcen Ujore him j^ Nahum. 1.6. If as the whole Earth, whofe title 
is. That cannot be moved j The Earth trembled and quaked^ hecaufe he 
IPOS angrjy (aith the Pfalmift s yea, if as wicked as Devils, even 
they TCUeve and tremble ; and u when he doth but thunder in b*s 
clouds, the ftouteft Atheift turnes pale, and is ready to creep into 
a bench-hole ; what ftiall become of them, when he (hall put 
fonh the utnioft of his fury and revenge upon his enemies 5 ho 
i^en, ye that now laugh at fear (hall yell and houle like hell-hounds 

B b in 


iQ ctemall tormeow anu Cod (hall iauh when yoar fear commeth 5 
ye that would not now fo much as witfi Rf/ix ^ake at the newcs 
of a judgment jCfeall iftcawcraUy ftiit« in the nudlk of thofc flames 
that caa never be quenched. 

But for us, dear aiidbelovedi Chrifiiaas, £sr be it ffx»i us, to be of 
thatiron-difpofirion 5 that we (hould never bow but with rf^c fire j . 
no> we have other niore kindly grounds of our fear 5 Gtegt is thy mer-^ 
rjf/aith tlie Pfaliilift)?fe4f thm nuufi be fe^red^yL^jn is the amtaWencfs of 
merits that muft attrafi: our fear ; it is a thing . that mainly concernes 
us to look where andhowfeaisare placed ; Far be it from irs to 
bring upon our felves the curfe of wicked ones, Ta fear where no 
ff^ar is s as this is tht common condiuon of men. Alas, wr are ape 
to fear the cenfures and difpleafute of vain greatneft, wh<4eas 
that may be a means to ingnuiate us with God ; (bame of the. 
World J whereas that may be a means to fave us from evcrlalUng 
confufion.: poverty, Vrtiereas that mm pollefs us of a better 
wealchsdeath, whereas to theiaithftiU fbtil that proves the nece(&ry 
hai^ger toetemallreft and glory j in the mean time the fame 
man are no v^itr^afraid-^ofiDbevcti^ of God, and their 
own perdition r wherein thcyan Iflse to fooliih cfaildfen, who tun 
away fram their rarents, and heft friends, if they have hot a 
maske or (carfe oy^ their faces^ bot are no whit afraid of fm or 
water }. Away withaU thcfe and the like weak mifprifions s and 
if we tender ^our own fafety ^ . let it be our mainxare to fc^ our fears 
r^hts which (hall be doiie, if vwe place them upon our infinitely 
gr^at and glorious God,tn that relation both of mercy and guodnefs, 
wl^teinhe is here recommended to us, as our Father^ and that 
awtullapprehenfionof Jttftice, wherein he is^f^t forth to us as an 
tmpartii^l )odgeofus, and all our a^ons. Confider then (that 
from the duty we maydefcend to the motive ) that thisfcar is of a 
Father, and therefore a loving fear s but this Father is a jirdo-c, 
and therefore it mufr be anawfulHove 3 how wilHhefe two go to- 
gether , a,Fiicher and a JtR%e ? the one a ftile of love and mercy, 
the other of ju(tiee« What ever God is, he is all that, he is all 
love, and mercy ; Ikfis all juftice ; That which God is in the puie^ 
fimplicity of his- eilcnce , we muft imitate in our compofitions ; 
name*y to unite both thefe in one hearts He'is not fo a jud<y that 
hcwillwavethetitleandaf&AionofaFathers h6 ishot foa F^ 




WfP " '11 II, w»i^ 

thcf) ttuit he wiU reinie oi^t of^ io&ute jii^fticc, in «ny of ht$ 
procoecUiKs; upon both chcfemuftwcfaftf^ ac once j we 

muftkctRelove of 4 Father to t^hedd, and cbcar ns; we mtii 
Jook upon the jnfike of a jad^p ttac we may otmUeiand therefore 
PHttuig hoAi together wc ism trjoyce in him with trea4)ling 
ikoopmtt ^pairaot, O Man, tfaabhaft a Father in Heaven 
«11 dK bowcis of mortall and £acd)ty parents, ace foa^ght to hii 
If Fathers, if Mothers may prowe nBaamrail > there is no £;ar that 
Cod {hould caft off fats meicy*£)c it is himfeif. Poefiime not, O 
Mans for this lather is a moftjnft Judge. Itisforfinfi^ flefli and 
Uoodtobepardall: Fond patents are ^^fo to doat upon the per- 
fans of their diiklren, that they ire wiUuig to oonnive at their fins | 
cicher they vvtU not kt them, or Jioc hate diera, or not conttire 
them, or nocpua^ them ; thns many aion may (accocdin j tathe 
Apobgoe) meiiis Mocheis ear whoiheis dioabing up to the 
eallowes, bittheidinite^iftieeolf .ilieflpeat andhoiy God cannot 
oe cither acoe&ry, or indulseBt to ilieieaft fin of hisdeaidl dar- 
ing upon Cardie ^ It is ctaai (MMdcof anr.Aatinoniian Heredcks, 
iMt Gidietsjio^D inhttjeted s whacai he-noicsand ake$ more 
lendeilydttrQtfaioet thBn«nyMier» Uttf whathefiuih to his 

wiU ipm^MetprMH thimimfiMay Atus. ;• a. But let this be 
anBg^iirae%dflci5of tiseacooinaiduoeef dieiSe t»9o titles of Gud } 
^ FdiAer-jmd M . jfi0fgt '. fve camot hofie in the cemainder of our 
hoHrte praiccutebmh of them6vetaily s letusondy tsudi at >the 
iocmet; ttisadenr!ni(ne,thisafaFatner: andnolefs fiuniliar. Ic 
isdiefiidft tvocdtff ovr Loisds ptayeri and in the fictt daule of our 
Cnnl» that whicMi thwe diintide of fais:perfoRaiity in Divine 
td^dan.i isdKr&omhiire;inin«adoiis rdacion to us : Our Fa- 
ibec^Aht is in tbs r^ of Cieatioa I He muUgt, mtmetmr 
jBrW} in the ti^bt of adoption ij I wteluvf received the tuloftton ef 
ftm ] €te^M«|;.- j ;. In the t^ht of Mgeneration, [iMthttme sre made 
fmMhm^imdiiium nttmr^ ] .%leL 1 . 4. 1 coidd here loie qny felf^ 
ohdprfichappdyilpiBCbiN^ih.idK'ict^ folrih of thefe infinite 
indvuedftfi^ vaat welreoeivc fitom^the haddt of our God, by vet- 
«aeof mtriH(^i{Qn»iliip, btcl (hattbolk tfairtlKme&tr the i>w- 
icnfy ^sihatwefiorlQag finpe laigely/profeaited in yoiv eats^ 
«idihBli:(.atQ9Teit iivitos me), rather, pot yon in a«bd how 
.: Jft "0 a vain- 

UM 13 



vainly we fball pretend a right to this Father, unlcfs we cwn him s^ 
for the words arc [•* »»v^*s»] If yecallhim Father as JtrzJ, and 
our former tranflation tiimcs it s or ( as it is, being a compound 
word more properly rendted in olir prelent verfim ) If yc call upon 
the Father j where you have a (hort, bat true Char^efter of a &ich- 
full Cbriitian laid forth to you s He is one that calls upon the Fa- 
ther : be faith not upon God abfolutely , in the relation to that in- 
finite power which made and governes the World ; fo Jewcs and 
Turks pretend to do : but in the Delation to his blelled paternity, as 
the Father of our Lord JefusChi^, and in him, ours. 

Thus he that calls upon the Father profcfTes hinfelf a taic 
Chriliian, fo St. PmI makes this one of thetnottoes of Gods great 
Seal. Let every me that ealls ufonthe name 9f the Lerd defsrt frtm 
tniqmty ; and David makes this the pitcb-brand i as it weos ) of 
wicked wretches, they call jmtuf9n-6uod ; fuiely, there is no aiSk we 
can do, arguei more grace thai holy invocation , or that equally 
procures it. There are three motives 6f our calling iipon the Fa- 
ther 3 Our duty, our need, and ourbenefit: Our duty i fot diat 
Godinjoyns it, and accoiuts it anefpedall pok of htt wotfhip. 
Thy fhMcsUitf$n me iMtbid4y§ftbehtr0uik and IwiUhes^ 
Cod} Ousneed, for^ aswcareofoofielvesdeltitute of ali good 
things, fo they are onely to be derived t» us fsom Heaven by our 
prayers: Our benefit/or we aie allured c^all U<^£iigs for lum^ for i 
Ask and have. latbefc regards I may truly fay th^t* man hath ao 
grace nor goodnefs in him that praves not, both by himfelf and 
with his family : Itt him never plead hb difabiUty - to exprefs hem'- 
Pilf in his devotion } I never knew begeer yet tnat wanted words 
to exprefs his wants ; were we equality ieniible of our fpirituaU 
■defeifis we fhould find language enough to: bemoan them : this in* 
devotion. pUinly bewraies a cSnilefs heart,, oirelefs of his Aiy^ il^ 
fenfible Of his need, re^ardlefsof hs benefit, and whollyt ^eldefl 
up to an atheous ftupidity* On the commry to pray wall, and fit* 
V quentlyisan argunoient of a pious, and graciouflv diipofcdilibuls 
Others may ulk to God. and compleikient vmhKtmi^ puibupfciin 
Scripture tcrmes which they have padct together, and iksmivbe 
the phrafe of their memory and eloaition,lsutto pout out ourJoals 
in our fervent prayers, with a due ^pcehenfionf of? the Jba|tQ}r » 
whoflEkweffeak.^ aodaJivdyrirBfe oft«iiiiecd{i^>. wilh/af&'tb- 

r * fell 


full expc^tion of their fupplies from Helvetia is for none but fodlyT* 
and well affcaed fuppliantsj thefc cannot call upon the Father 
withoat a bleffii^ i It is a notaWc and pathcticajl expoftulationa 
which the holy Plalmift ufcs to the Almighty, Horn hmg »ib thti le 
mrj with thy feafU that pr*yeth ; intimating clearly, that it were 
f IraiHc and uncouth, that a praying people fhould lie long under a« 
ry^dgment, and (hould not find (pccdie mercy at the hands of 
God .• Oh then that wc could be ftirrcd jup to a (erious and effcaual 
perforraanceofthK duty for our felves, for ouj Brethren, fop the 
^^'\rT?^ °^ ^*^* "f^a^n^'wc, could not kaw been thus 
mirerablc, if we could have heartily called upon the Father of 
mctcics ; and if we could yet ply Heaven fervently, and importu- 
nately, with our faithful! devotions, wc Owuld not fail of an hap- 
p;^ cvafion out of all our miferies j and find caufc to ptaife him for 
htsgraaotts deliverance, *nd his fatherly compaffion renewed4ipoR 
Bs, and continued to o^r poftcrity ^ter ns 5 which our good God 
fer the fake of the Son of his love Jcfiif ChriQ the rightcpi, voucb- 
urc to grant unto us. jimof^ • o 

• I 



^ * 

.. .'1 .\ 

t • 

■ ' > ! ? ■" .\ mm 



■■'■ " III 

■— »— w^'^^w^'ii- im» 




. CoflQecmng die 




intended ta have been Preach'tui iQiC Cathedral at£x< 

ceter upon t C^r. 1 1 • 10. 


Occailonedbyan ofFence unjuftly taken at a 



ii COR. IX. la 

^cr this caufe OMght the woman, so have paver on her 
, . headbecaufe rf the Angels, 

IJL^AfsSetsx^A CoMceU-W Ac GmtAthiA wsfM- to fasve 

f\ their Vm aad '•"•■••<• , fuUlaocial canons and ritiiall con- 

•^ -^ ft»imc«S3 fohathourbkfledi^ftletastnallhlsEpilUes 

^binthisi aodasiaodier pans «f it (o in this Cbaptcr^ here ex 


Tht w omens Vail. 237 

ro«ii]Cai]QDfiiMrfhee(reoce oi Gods icivke inche nsarccr of the 
Eochir^ } here aie Rules of order for the outward faibion of 
praying and prophefyicg ; chefe may be as variable as the ocher are 
conftanc, it is no more peffiUc to fie all Churches and Comtrey; 
wch one form^ then to fit all bodies with one fuit, or all Itomes 
with one fize. Neither can I widi learned Bezsy and Csffettwi 
think that propbefyii^hete is taken iosc the hearing ofprophefyes j 
thefe tiling were extraordinarily done till they weit reurained. ' In 
tkofe Printiitive times there wcte fome women eictracirdinariiy gifted 
by Gods Spirit who took upon them to pleach and pray publick]y> 
which afterwards St. Pad forbad to his limothj^ \ Tim, t.ii. Ihcy^ 
exefcHmg thefe manly fiindtionS) prefumed to take upon them 
mariy fa(hions J whereas therefoce i)are-headednefl(c was in Carimhy 
as'alto in all CreeaM^ Rome a ccdcen of honour and foperiorityyand 
covering the head a token of fubjedbn ; thefe forward women tr-' 
fiirpe npdiv the fafhbns of tbrir hosbands s and will have their 
faces feen as wellas their voyces heard s » the Jefuitcflcs of late 
ttoie dared both to attempt and praAife^ till the late reftraint of 
Pdpe ffr^4vr embed and fupprefled them j CXir lurfy Apoflle, who 
'Wasxeabiiflycarefidlraicformeeven Soloecifmes in tne outward 
deportmeiit of Gods fervice, contioUs this d^ford diforder / and, 
^^ great Mafter of holy ceremonies^ injoynes a modeft Vail to 
the women^ when they will (how themfelves in thefe afts of pub- • 
lique devotion. : Finr this csufe^ women ought to have power on tfjiir - 
head iecdtifeofthe -^aigrfe. 

^ Wherein yourfclves without me ohfetve two' remarkable h^ads 
of our ctiicouifc. I. Jlti ApoftolicaU Canon. 2ly. The carriage or 
grounds of it; The Canon isfuUy and home-charged) the women 
Of^httobswiKmfranHjeirbeadiilM& are d0ii>les one pre* 

cedent. For tbu enfey The odier fubfeouent ; Becaufe of the AngelSy ^ * 
which in the vulgar^and in St. Ambrofe is brought in by a CofUtatrve^ « 
df.or etUmfrefterAMgehfs. From the Canon it felf inthc generality, ^ 
you woi:dd ( ot your felves) in my filence eafily inferre, trat fpiritu- 
all fuporiors muft take catt not <only of the fd)fiantiall parts of Gods 
wotfhtp, bar of die drcumfhintiall appendancei of it; what isa ^ 
mecrer ceremcmy then our cloathes ? what can ieem of leile con^ 
fequence then a vail left off, or put on s the head may be ^s good, ' 

Wai&ULofhoIy thou^ts hajre or coveted 5 what is that (you 


238 The H'Qmsns vail. 

I i " w nm III .. _ - ' ' ' ...... ■ ■ ■iiiiiM»>^« 

would chiiik ) to the heart of our devotion i yet the chofen vcficl 
fears not to fcera too Icrupulous in laying weighty-charges upon us 
in (b fmall, ajid ( ds we might imagine ) unimporting a bufmefs. 
Certainly, my beloved, though the Kings Daughter be all glorious 
within and tfcre licsher chiet beauty, yet her clothing is of wrcwght 
Gold too. And if in the Tabernacle ( Cods £ift dwelling place 
upon Earth ) it plcafed him to give ordor £or the principal ituffe of 
the vails, and curtaines^ and frame j for the matter and form of 
the Ark, and Altars, and Tables of the Face-bread j yet he thought 
good not to neglect the punduaU directions for the Taches, Sruf- 
ters, Snuff-di(he5,feeefomes 3 and the meancft requifites of that (a- 
crcd Fabrick : jullice and Judgment which are the main bufincfles 
of the lav^ mull be chiefly regarded j but yet even the tithing of 
mint and anyfe and cummin may not be negle^d : Had nor SJ^ 
mon the Pharilee meant ah hearty welcome to our Saviour, he had 
never undergone the envy of inviting liun to Ks houfe.49Ut yet our Sa- 
viour finds him^Aiort of his due complements, of the holpitall kifs 
of wa(bing, and anoynting : Let no man fay, what Riatter is to be 
madeofmitfes, or colours, or pofturet > God is a Spirit, and will, be 
worihipt in Spirit and truth ; theie bodily obfervations are nothing 
to that fpirituall and infinite e(&Qce ; what Corinthian Goffip 
might not have faki fo to our ApoiUe } yet he fees the rcfped of 
thefecircum{lancesfonccc(Iary,thatthenegIe£kof them may, yea 
will marr the fubftance ; and lurely in all e^rience , were it not 
for ceremonies what would become of ftate, gpvcrment, converfa* 
tion , religion ? and yet, of thefc therc is grtfat difference , fome 
ceremonies are no lefs then fubftance to others s and befide the la- 
titude of their nature, they have one afpi^t as they look toward 
an impodng authority, and another as they look toward an arbi- 
trary ufe J It i% one ^ing what men take up out of wiQ or cuftome, 
another thing what they conform to cut of duty and obedtenoe ; 
fo as what our fupcriors ( to whom vva niuft leave to fee further 
then our fclves ) think fit to injoyne us, out of their eftimation of 
decency and order, is not now left to ^ freedom of cur e- 
leilion •* it is for them to judge, it is for us to obey s neither have 
we the like reafon to xenfure them for impoiing thiKS indifG^ient, 
which are found by them to conduce unto holy ends, tmt they have 
to cenfure us for not obfervin^xhem s herein they are wife ajKl juft, 
whiles we are conceitedly rcteaftory« I 


The Worn ens vail. 2 2p 

'I know how little I need to pjcfs this to a people where I can find 
nothing but an univerfal conformity jonly this touch was nccdfull if 
but to Iccond and revive thofe ktc meet and expcdientordcrs which 
we lately commended to your carefull and Cm:iftian obfervation . 

This from the genet all and confufed view of this Apoftolicall 
charge C4ft your eyes now upon the panicular in jundion; rib^ frman 
ought to have power on her Hesd^ what is this power but a fignifcatioii 
Ofher husbands power over her ? for it is worth obferving that the 
HctHrew word which fignifies a vail :t^"n, (ignifies alfo power, 
*?•"« being derived from a root of that feme ; fo as the mcanin^y 
plainly is , The woman ought to wear that on her head, which 
may import and teftific that (he is wider her husbands power which 
is, as tm Valefltinians r^ad it not amifs \n IreMm , ^^m^ a vail, 
or covering j here therefore yc have an evident Metonymy 5 the 
thing (igiuued vyhich is the husbands power is put for that which 
fignifies it, which is the wonans vail fo as this propofition then lies 
open to a doHble confiderati^n ; the one in reference to the thing 
flgt)ificd,whi4;histhe husbands power over the wife, the other in 
reference to thefign icnpWing i^ which is the wifes vail or covering 
of the head: of bothinrieHy^ 

The firft, that the husband hath power over the wife, is lo clear 
'both m nature, and reafon , that I Aiall willingly fave the labour of 
a proof s it is enough that by her Creatour w\c was made for an 
helper : and an helper doth neceifarily argue a principal! ; it is e* 
noQgh, for matter of inftiutioa, thatne who gave her a will ap- 
pointed it fhould be fubje6): to the will of her husband s which how 
deep an imprelfion it took in very Heathens appears clearly c« 
nough in the Perfian fages cenfurc oirafhti eB. i . 

iv^d chat it may ^pear the liberty of theGofpell doth fto whit 
alter the cafe i How do the Ueilcd Apoftles St. Fml and St. Peter 
redouble the charge of wives h fubjeH to jour Hf$sbdnds , Cokf. 
3. I Pet. 3. And inded how is the husband the head if he he 
not both more eminent, and furniflicd with the faculty of 
direAing the whole body i A yiertuous woman faith, Solom^fiy is 
the crown or Diadem of her Httslsndy Frav. 12. 3, Lo,,flie is the 
crown for the ornament of his head>but if (he be vertuous (he doth 
not affedt to be the head : and if the Crown, be fet upon the head 
( as the husband may give honour to the weaker velTcl ) 

C c y^c 


3^0 Tife^ W omens *i/ait 

yctitisapircyfulhead that is not better then the crown that a- 
domes ic i but why urge I this ? none but focae mamifli Monfters 
can queftion k> and if there be any fuch that would fain read the 
words amifs, that the iri^r haib fewer over her kesd^ they are mocc 
worthy to be puniChed by the whip of attthority,then by th«rr neigh- 
bours fhame, or my cenfure« Bat to (ay as it is, they are rare com- 
plaints that we hear of in this kind ; I would the contrary were not 
more frequent } The maa hath power over eke wife^ana he knowes 
it tpo well i and ufes ic too boiftroulW ; this fweet^ gentle^ and fa- 
miliar power which he (hould exerciie over his other-felf, is dege- 
nerated in the pra^e of too many into a ftem Tyranny ; accon 
to the old BaiMrian faftuon in Arifi^les time which holds eveir 
ftill, their wives are their flaves ; This is not for the woman to have 
power on her head i but/or the man to have power in im handy 
for the hand taha^re power on the body, an unmanly and favage 
power totheveiydeftrudtionofitfelf: This kind of cruelty cries 
unto me daily for redrcile ; and give me leave to cry out j^ainff 
it as the moft odious and abhoniinaUe opprefton that is incident 
into him that would be calfedapman^ forthedrarenefsof the re- 
lation aggravates the violence s to ftrike a beaft aufelefly is unmer- 
cifuU ^ a Itave, unchriftian; a fitanger , ftirious; a cmd onman- 
1 V, but our own fitfti moaftrous j diis is to do that which no man 
docs faith our Apofile, Efbrf. 5. ip. 

^ There was in the time oi Gregory icth. ( about 1275) (as our 
hiftories telius) a brood of nciad beretidcs which atofe in the 
Church, whom they called FUgtUMte^^ the whippets, which 
went about through JFfMr# and Germsnj lafliing themfelves to 

A jruife^ which thoi^h at the filftcryed down, is Cnce taken 
up by lomemif- zealous peniitms of the Romi{h Cbiachy who i 
not only take pleafure^ but place iilefit, in blood ^ a leflbn taken 
out, by both of them from the BMlitet x JT. 1 8. Men, rather more 
' prodigall of their fleih then the lavifhcft of thefe late xclots, luit- 
ly what thofe Bigots did and do out of falfely named rdfiion, rhcfc 
husbands of blood (as Ziffitrah mifcallcd Mi>Jes)do out ofa crabbed 
and imperious cruelty, even draw blood of thofe bodies viich a 
fevemll kinne cannot difference from their own. 
Far, . fai be this, more then Turkifti, more then .Paganifh into- 



The Worn ens ^ail. %ay 

WAViity from tha^e tlmt would pftfs for Chriftians s for you my 
dear J^ethren^lctic be eaciigk for ine to mention t^^^ gracious and 
flced&JI charge of our UeliKi Apoftle {^^^9^) HusUndt hve 
jwrwivts^ Md he mt kitter U themy C§bf. ^^ ip. 

Whiles their heads confefTe your power, take you heed leaft 
your power be abufed to vex their hearts and to tyrannize ovet 

This for the power here (ignified of the Hu JMUid over the wife ; 
we dcfcend to the fignification of that power by the covering of 
the head : an ancient cuftom and that which v\^as prated among 
till civill Nations s hence the Romans exprefied the womans mar^ 
riage by, tmherty whicii j^nifies to vail ; whereupon a cloud is 
termed md^es becaufe it is,as a vail, drawn betwixt Heaven and our 
fffibt : Neither doubt I but before all latinky was hatched this was 
alluded to by Akimekd^GfMef. %o. i6. ( Hu ceftth fnewniim ) 
he is the covering of thtne eyes s fatd diat Heathen |[ing to Sarsh 
concerning her hui)and ; a covering wHch both prote^s, and 
limits the eye : The Apc^Ues charge men is that the womans head 
ought to be covered, to (how chat (he is under anothers powers 
but how and how farre^ and when this covering is required, will 
require a further difauiikioo : vi^h I (hall the rather enter into, 
becaufe I fee (omc religions, and well atieded women carried away 
with Erroneous opinions concerniP| this point ; whofe tender con- 
iciences have been abufed by the mif^interpretsuions of fome igno- 
rants to be drawn to hold that this coverif^ mufi be abfolute } and 
totall , and perpetuall, fo 9s if any hair at all be feen, it is a viola* 
tion of this charge and their duty ; to which purpoie they urge that 
verfe i $ as a fuU commentary upon this text, that the hair was 
given ttie woman for a covering ; and upon this ground they are 
apttocenfurethemwho take l*erty to expofc anv of their hair, 
though never fo moderately to others view : I beleech you dear 
Brethren and Skiers mifconftme me not as one tiiat alFed): to be a 
Pancon of ruffianly and dtl£>hite faftiions, of excefs or immodefly 
in this kind; thde I hate from myfouli andmuft tell ~tho(e vain 
dames that where fudbbuAes are hanged out^ 'tis an argument 
d)at fomething is expofed to fak } but as I would not have you in- 
ordinately wild, fo I would not have you fcrupuloufly fuperftitious, 
inrcih»mingthedttcboimdboflawfiiU liberty, and pla* 

C c 2 cing 

2 ±2 T^he W omens *i/aiL 


cing fin where God never mcantitj Thatl. may therefore lay 

fpme grounds of this my jult determination, kn«w firft that in . the 

ufc ofgarments and thefe outward appcndanccs of the body there 

. is much latitude and variety according to the feverall goiies of Ma- 

. tionsvanddegreesofpejrfons:. there arc Countries the extremity 

ofwhpfe cold climate is fuch that it is no boot to bid both fexes be 

covered , yea muffled up, for their own fafety j there are otVicrs 

fo fcorching that will hardly admit of any covering either for head 

or body s there are fome whofe hair h fo large, that is able to 

hide them , there are others whole ended heads are alike 

ihort iucboth fexes, and give no advantage to the covering of 

either : he that oiade thefe differences otclimates and people 

hath not thought fit co confine them to one univerfall rule^ only 

contenting himfelf with agenerall prelcription of decency which in 

all Countries muft be regulated according to the cuftora or conve^ 

nicnce©ftheplace.For certainly thefe (acred ceremonies muftfol« 

low the rule ofthe civill,for that which is held a t^ken of fubjc^on 

to our Princes and other fiiperiors, in all Countries is fo ufel in the 

fervice ofthe King above all Gods rtthe Turks and alIi^4iE^in^/j^ 

therefore not uncovering their heads to their Bia{haes,or their 

Grand Lord} keep their heads covered in their devotions : and only 

by bowing or proftration teftifie theit humble fubjc Aionto God. The 

French Divines preach with their hats on^ours uncovered iboth prcr 

tend good reafon y and^^uftom for thefe contrary faftiidns s neither 

are eithcr^of them to be cenfured as faulty,and exorbitant : and with 

us we hold the head uncovered if thehat be off, though the cap be 

on : others make no difference if there be ought at all on the head. . 

Confider, Secondly , that the hair was given by God both 

to Men and Women for an ornament .* for which caufe 

though it pafs in our account for no better then an excreti-' 

on, yet it was created together, with Man and Won^m in 

their fyft PerfeAion 5 Were it not thus , furely Baldnefle 

would be held a Beauty., and not a Blemifh 5 Neither would 

the Prophet EUfh^ have taten itfor fo biynous an affront that 

the children cryed^ sfirmle cdve. Neither would God have expreft 

it, as an intimation of his feverefl judgment upon 7/r4^/; on t- 

%eryhf4dpsaMie^aldffeff^ fer.A^. 3 7.. Neither would God have 

ordaiacditfora lawto i(/fiitf/tnat.I«a vrf» was enamoured of a 


ThclVomens^^iL ^. ^a^-i 

capcive woman (hould fiift ^ave her hair to take off the edge of his 
mc&iony D^ut.zi. ii.. Neither would Nehemiiti have taken this 
revenge of the hair of hi^ mif-married Ccantrymen, Nekem. x 5. 2 5. 
It was but a juft queftioa that jiuguHm Cefsr askt his Daughter 
JuUsy when, ilic had her white haks pulled out daily : whether 
within a few years (he had rather ht gniy> or.bald. 

And our ftory tells us that when it vvas askt why the Sfartmt 
fhf&ed their hair to grow.. Agefekus anfwerd, that was the chea- 
peft ornamentthat helong'd to the body : In a word therefore if. 
our hair weie given for adeformicy to us> it could but be all bidr 
den. , 

Let it be Thirdly cbnfidered that our ApofUes main drift hcr^ is 
to eive order for^the habiting of women in the publique allemblies^ 
and exercifes of their devotions^not.for their ordinary anddo^ 
meftigue attire. 

VVhich appears plainly in the 5th. verfe i Every mnum ths^ 
Pr4^etbarfropbefyeth with her head uncoveredy difhomreth her headi 
he faith noty every wonum that walkes abtoad upon civill occafi* 
ons, ory that (laies^at home upon her hou(hold affaiies^ without 
avail on her head, difhonors her head i and verfe 13. Judge in 
yoarfelveSyisit c§mely thatM womMfraj unU-^od unamtredi It is 
a publique prayer that is there meant, parallel to the prophefie 
before mentioned ; both which in thefe firft times of the Church 
were in extraordinary ufe;. without thedi^nger of a precedent 
to us, upon whom the '^ oftheChurch, and the ends of the 
World are at once come. And if there were no more proofs j my 
Text were enough, which injoynes the vayling of the head is to be 
ufed becaufe oi the Angels^ relating < as all interpreters give it ) 
to the publique Congregations of tne Saints of God, as we (haU 
fee in the fequele. 

Laftly it muft be known that this covering of the head hath prin<^ 
cipall relation to the face, which is the beft and moft confpicuous 
part of the head ; fo as it is fuppofed that the humility and mo^ 
defty of the woman doth Qdoft (how it felf in the vayling of the 
face from the view of beholders 5 the back parts of tlic bead not 
giving fo much caufe of note and diftin&ion, nor fo much occafion 
of temptation to any eye j thofe therefore who by vcrtue of this 
place would haveall their hair hid, m^ much* more, and upon 


^>^^^«— — ■ I . 11 I I MllJ^P— »— »— »» 

344. , The fVomens^aii 


better reifoa contend that their face fhould be alwayes covered ; 
wherein one abfurditv, and fervilc inconvenience would cafily 
draw on smother. 

Shortly ftien, itfoUowes irrefragably from all this 5 that how- 
ever the gaiifti^and wanton fatkion dF the womans diffticveling her 
hair > and the lafcivious turning ic into nets for the catching of 
fond and amorous eyes, i>e juftly forbidden both to grave naar 
trons, and to chaft, and well governd Virgins, yet that no law of 
God, or good reafod difallowes (bch a moderate laying out of fome 
part of the hair,as may give a^ fafecomelinefs to tm bor, without 
the juft fcandall of any wife beholder. 

Neither doth that other Text make ought for this fancy j where 
the ApoftleteK as that the womans hair was given her for a cove- 
X but mther evinces the contrary* 
meaning is, it was given her for a covering, a^vely to covet 
her, wot paflivcly to be covered by htr- 

For St. ^4iri intending to fliow how tmfeemly it was for women 
to (how themfelves in piMique exercifes, with a bare face, Mn ch 
pen brow, an uncovned hair befete the multitude, fetches an ar- 
gument from nature it ietf, which plainly points her what fibc 
ou^t to do : in that it hath forniftied her with a native vail, which 
is her hair: (inoc therefore provident nature hath given her a long 
hau-purpofelytobeacoveruntoher, itthettrin (nowes how fit ic 
is,that her modefty and difoetmi (hould provide her (iich a co« 
vertng for her head when {he will be opemng her mouth in the 
piri:>lique aflfemUy, as may teftifie her womamy ba(hfulne0e, and 
humble fubje^ion. 

To (hut i^ this point therefore, there can be no ju(^ pretence 
from tbis^or any other Scripture for this mif^rayTed fcnipuloufne(!e. 
Rather for the contrary the holy Gho(l feemes to make, in that 
his Divine Epithalamion, wherein he brings in Qirift the Heaven- 
ly Bridegroom magnifying his bride the d-^urch with this fweet al« 
iufion* BebeUl^ thou art fsir my huty Behold Hfom 4rt fairy thou h0Jl Joves 
tjtswkhin tbyUckt 5 tkfhmr is ma flock of gentes that afpear from 
MouM Gilead. Csntic. 4* i. Lo, the dove-Jike eyes of the Church 
are within her locks } and her hair is not as an hidden flock, but 
appears ; and that in a dorious beauty. Let no well aiG^Aed 
ChrHUanbttngherfelfunOerthebondagdof an obfcrvation vrfiich 


The Womms ^aiL 


God never in joyned , orpaiTea groundlefs and t$£ix vcrdiwt upon 
others for chat which God hath never forbidden j but with a due 
care of an holy outward decency. Let every one in the fear of 
God look to the hidden Mm of the besrty in. that mhich is mt corruptitify 
evfMthe OrMiHeja of a meek Md quiet Sfitit^ which is in the fight of God 
of great Price, x Pet. 3.4* And lb 1 have done with the Rule or Ca* 
non of the ^oftle : Come we now to the grounds of it ; The for- 
mer whereof liath reference to what he had concerning the emi- 
nent condition of the Man in refpe^ of the Wotnan ; fetched 
from both the matetiallaadfinall cade: Materially the woman is 
of the Man;. Finally the woman is created for the man ; not the 
contrary; but faecaufe this point is coincident with that which we 
have formerly touched, concerning the husbands fuperiority, I dial! 
not need to renew xny difcouric upon this fub^trd, but choofe ra-^ 
ther to dcicend to tWat fecond ground, which by the vulgar and 
fomePathers quoting the place^ isfaroi^ht in by way of a copula^- 
ttve> And^ tecsufe of the Ameb : a ^ound fo deep , that great 
wits and judgments have prote0ed not co fadc»n it : Q^id hoe fit 
( faith learned BezJ^ ) nohdkm intelUgo and our no lefle learned Cd" 
MriiMConfe£(es,that herein Ifiterpreters differ, iti qui nuxime. Foir 
thofe late writers which have -lead the words ( ^' * -t^* ) Be- 
caufe of the young Men, 1 muft needs fay they would make a 
clear fenfe, if we nngbt take their words for the ufe of any fuch 
word in the Greek Tongue ; which for my part I muft confcfs ne- 
ver ro have met with. To paft over tne improbable guefi^s of 
many jThc words are taken by fomc in a borrowed fenfe j by fomc 
others in a natural!. In a borrowed fenfe by thofe cither who by 
i^hgells here underftand Gods Minifters ; w, as thofe that take it 
for holy n>cn of what ever profefl&on^ 

Thefc latter feem not to have any fair warrant for their inter- 
pretation , fince, however we find fomcwhcrc that the Saints 
fhall be in a condition like to the Angels , yet no where do we find 
them called Angels •* the former want not |;ood probability for 
iheur conftnsffion; neither is it an unufuall thuig with the Spiiitr 
oi God to call hs Minifters by the name of Angels. So Malachy 
X. ^rVq ^3 for he is the ABgel or Meffcnger of the Lord : and of 
JQhn the Baptilt the fame Prophet caafay M'aUc. 3.1. ok'to rhv 
I will fend mj foeffengft or Angel : yea the very name of the 


^ta^fm^ »T<f^Wi »w - » ■ ■ »»i I' iii^ t a n ■! ' ■ ■■■ I ■ ! ! i wi t i i w^ wmmfmnmnmi ^ i j ■t^bw^t^^^^^ w " ■ * « * ■' **? 

^^[6 Tfcc fy omens ^/aih 


Prophet time writes isiio other then Malfichj My Angel, And yc 
Jcnaw in the Apocalypfc how oft the prime Governors of the 
Church are called Angels ; whereupon Stv Chr^foHome ( as I -re-' 
member ) makes the rcafon of that full e!icprcffion of ft. Paul (If 
,M ^njel^from Hr4Ke»^ Galat. i. ) to aliudeuato this diftinwtiofl that 
even Gods Minifters arc his Angels too, though upon £artb, a ti- 
jtle given them both in re^rd ot their miffion and of their nearrc- 
jation to God ; and of thbfc qualities which diefc Mea of God 
fhould imitate in thi^e.blciTed Spirits. 

The very name is dofirinall, and tcacheth tis both what God 
jeKpcifls from us both to himfelf and you s and what hk eiqpeds 
fromycu to us ; Prom us faithfuUnefie and diligence ib his holy 
errands, whereabouts we arc fent to the World 5 from you, love 
and reverence to thofc MtfTengers which he imploycs alxxit your 
Salvation ; but, it was my meaning only to cail to this fenfe at the 
window in my paf&^e ; as that which I hold not within the com- 
paflfc of the Holy-Gholls intention ; Doubtlefs the fenfe is natural! 
and proper } not of men by way of alluiion ; but of thofe which 
are Spir ts, by eflencc : and yet even in this fenfe there is fome va- 
riety of judgment, whiles fomc ttke this to be fpoken of evijl An- 
fcls, others of good } Thofc which apply this to evill Anwls arc 
kewife in a double opinion ; For fome take it paflfively j ieaft e- 
ven thofe Angels (hould be tempted ; others adively, leaft they 
fhould take occafion to tempt. 

The former conceit is as grofs as it hath been ancient, of Tertuf^ 
Vm and fomc others , that even fpirirs ( to whom they afcribe a 
kind of materiality ) may be taken with tbe immodeft venditation 
of a flefhly beauty s to which purpofe they do ignorantly miilake 
thatof G^n^y. 6. 2. Thatth Som cf God fa^ the Daughurs 9f Men 
tluitthey wf re fain not confidering the fequel, that they toek them 
wives of ai that thej chofe j Surely, if ever fpirits have affcfted thefc 
flefhly fins, yet of tnarrycd Spirits there was never dream in any 

This fancy is too abfurd to merit a confutation : .No doubt widc- 
cd fpirits take delight in drawing the Sons of men to inordinate af- 
fcftions, and beaftly pradifcs ; but that themfclves place any plea- 
furein bodily obfcenities isa fipatter not eafie to be believed ; Or^ 
if they (hould be obnoxious 10 thoie catnap defires, that the in- 

terpo fin 


The Womens ^aiL 347 

ictpofin^ of a vail (houW any way avafl to the rcttraint of their 
wicked iadinacions, and purpofes it is coo poor a thought to enter 
into any wife underilanding. 

The other [ njiz* leaft thofc Spirits (holjld take this occafion 
of tempting ] might pafs for currant j if ever wc could find in the 
whole body of the Scripture wl^rc the cvill Ipirits arc abfolutely 
called Ai^els without fome addition of d^tin^ion, ( which is 
learned C^m^r^w obfervation) except only that one, i Cor. 6. |. 
where they are fo ftiled for the greater honour of the Saints that 
ihaU jttdgc them : However, the truth of the propofuion is unde- 
niable s that (owe ought to habit, and order our felves, that wc 
may not give advantage to the evill Spirits eitlier to our temptati- 
on, or tteir prevalence : we may be furc thofc tempters will o- 
mit no oqcafion of winning us to filthincfs. Do you not think 
that when they fee wanton dames come difguifcd into Gods 
houfc, as it were into the box; of the play^houfc, with their brf it 
bare almoft to the Navel, their atmes to the elbow, their necks 
to the (houlder-points, dacctng their lafcivious eyes every way, 
and in tlieir whole f4(hion and gefture bewraying fuch lightncfs as 
might be able to debauch a whole aflembly, think ye not, I ray,that 
they applaud themfelves in fo rich a booty 5 as knowing that every 
eye that is tranfpprted , and every heart that is fired with that 
immodcfi gaxing^-ftock arc fo many fpoiles and trophees of their 
Temptations? It is a true and feafonfli>Ie word that holy Cypr/M 
faid to the dames of his time that it was not enough for them to 
keep themfelves from being corrupted by others (olicitations, un- 
Icfs they took care fo to drcfs and deport themfelves that they 
might not bcoccafiions of ray fing wanton thoughts in the behol- 
ders ; For furely, we can not free our fclves from thofc fins where- 
in others by our means ( though befides our particular intentions ) 
areinfiiarcd 5 there is much liberty, Iconfefs, in matter of attirq, 
but let me withall give you St. Pa:tb Item to his GalathiMS\ Bre- 
thren^y hAVe ieencsUedto Ulfrtyy onl)ufemt lilerty for dn occdfion 
tetfjefiejhy but j^y love ferveone Another ^ GaU\ 5. 13. When and 
how is our libetty an occafion to the flefh, but when wc do fo - 
pranckup and pamper our fle(h as that we regard not therein 
lariy others dangers ; which when foever we arc drawn to do, wc 
maybefurc wchavefo wary and vigilant fpirits to watch us, as 

Dd . that 


saS The W omens vail. 

that no advantage can be let uU agatnft our folds : as tbeietbie 
wife and careful! cominandets do not only cafthow toirapugQc, 
opprc£(c, and annoy an enemy, but alfo bow to rcniove thofe 
belps winch might be advantageous to hiiri in his fiege , even f» 
the dcmoUflnng <^Subutbs, and ftoppii^ up of Feuntaines, aad 
the like 5 fo muft we do in this fpitituall warfare of ours ; we 
rnuft not only ftir up our courage and indevors to refift and Tan<> 
cpii(h temattons, but we muft bend our utosoft care upon die pre 
vetition, and removall of whatfoever, in our appaiell, carrii^e 
diet, reaeations maybe likely to gi»efittthcraiice to thevafi^t'^ 
or ptevalency : and in the whole pra^ifc of our lives fo dem^ia 
our felves as that we ooay, accordtng to the charge <^ the ApoiUe 
^hjvu inMi* Mm I not Ib much ts^gnie s» ftufiw t9 sn ad- 
verfary i i Tim, 5. 14. wether «rcalumiiy, or of Triumph • 
oh that we could be fearfal of doingany un€t thii^ iwoi^e ^tkeevit 
Amels 5 wcfhallbefur«tohearoTitagaiiitooia: coftj even the 
molt carelcflc boyes will be aftaid to offitnd in the face of the mo- 
nitor , uiehate theevill Angels to os. Befurc every unbefeeminff' 
and unlawM ad tb4t paflc A fmm us, is upon thek file 5 and Aufi 
oncebetBgcdagainft us to our {hame and cxmviaion s Mv &«- 
thrcn we wouldbe loath to come under the power of theff tor 
mem 5 as we would avoid this fearfuU ifliie, let w be jealous of 
thctt fuggclhons, and our carriage 5 and not dare to do oueht 
that may be fcandalous, Beeoi^e •/ the Aageh. ^^ 

Good ufc maybe made (you fee) even of this fenfc 5 but I 

takeitour Apoftlemondedhereto intimate the piefcnce of, and 
refpc<ft to the good Angels. * 

It is no a lc& comforrable then well-groundcdpoint of Divinity, 
JJatiione of Go^ .Cbridren upon Earth want the affidence arS 
Miniftration of thofe Uefled fpirits, we have it from him that can" 
not fail us. MMb, 18. to, and the fwect fmct cf JfrMi hai 
warbled out this Heavenly note before Mm j The^M^eb of the Lord 
e^amPsio^tkofithMtfe^lnm, Pf 34. 7- And he thlt wis rapt up 
mtothe third Heaven and faw thofe wonderfbll Orders oFAn 
|cls, <f» tell us they are all miniftring foirits fc»t forth to Mi- 
mfter for them who fltaU be heirs of Salvadon: »tL 1 ix 
Now thefe, as diey guard and attend every of Go* eleft'onw 
when, they are angled md feipcftrcdin the gieatcft foKtario^ 



The Woment vail, 2±o 


& wo On not think they leave their whether common or feverall 
<:hugcsy when they a&aihle together fiirtfae exerdfes of piety 
4U]d devotion.' lo as the publique meetings of Gods Saints can be 
no other then filled with whole troupes of Angels 3 The as it is a 
Cttth i fo it was the received oj^inion of the Jemes^ as Cafein^ preg« 
nantly cites it out of die Sedar TepbilM of the Pmugatl Jemes ; 
in his learned Sfi^tUgwm s Coromm dMt tibi Domine Dens miier 
Ai^eliy t0rU ittd fiferM cnm fofuk tu$ Jfr4iel hie iftferne CQngre^ 
Mto« OlfirdourGod the iWeh give glory to thee, even tnoie 
Heavenly troupes that are a£Etmhled wah thy IfrAel here below. 
Out of the reverend and awful] re&ed therefore that is doe to 
theie glorious ( though inviflbk ) beholders there may no un« 
feemly thing be done or admitted in the Church of dod ; and 
thereiore TU W^gmtn 99^ to bsve fower on their Heads tecaufe of the 
Angels i and furely, mv baloved , were we fully pert waded that 
now at this piefent, tnere is within thefe walls a greater Con- 
gregation of Angels, then of Men and Women, I fuppofe it 
^ould not but ftrike foch an awe into us, as to make us at once 
faolily, mannerly and fervently devout : It is a great fault in us 
Chrimans that we think of nothing but what we fee ; whereas 
that fpirituall) and intelligible World, which is paft the appre^ 
henfion of thefe Earthly kn(c%^ is far greater, farr more noble and 
exctUentdienallvifibleandmaterialliubftanccs. Certainly there 
is not one Angel in Heaven that hath not more glory then all this 
icm^le Wodd can be capable of; whatfhouldltell you of the 
excellency of their nature, the height of rhcir offices, the Majefty 
of their perfons, their power able to confound a World, their 
mearaefs bod) of place and of eflence to that inftnice deity ; their 
tender love and care of man-kind, any of which were able and 
worthy to take up a whole lives meditation^ 

And if there be fo miich perfedion in one, how unconceivcablc 
is the concurrent luftre, and glory of many ; had we cyesr to fee 
thefe invifible fupervifors of our behaviour we could not, we durfl 
ho let fall any fo much as indecent gc&me before fuch a ptefencc. 
(^ickenthen (^befeechyou) and^fharpen your eyes, dear and 
beloved Chrif^ians, to fee your felves fccn even of t nem whom ye 
cannot fee, and let your whole carriage be thereafter s he is not 
Worthy to claim more priveledge then of a beaft, that can fee no** 

P d a thing 

ni-i -. I I 

2^0 TheWomens ^vail. 


^gbutfcnGblc objects: butc Creatures can fee bs 5 if we fee- 
nothing but our felves, and then, wherefore ferves our underfland- 
ing, wherefore our ftith i and if we fee invifible beholders v^hy; 
are we not affected accordingly ; certainly it were better for us nor 
tofeedien, than, feeing, to neglefk their prefcnce. 

What is then the honor, what the refpe^ that we muft give to 

the Angels of God who are prefent in our holv alfcmblies: ImuIV 

have leave to complain, of two extremities this way : There arc 

fome that give them too much veneration^ there are others that 

give them no regard at all : In the firft are thofe within the Roman 

Clientele j who are fo over-curteous as that they give them no Icflie 

then the honor of adoration, of invocati on, reviving herein the 

erroneous opinion and pradife of them which theodont held can-^ 

1 futcd by St. PahI in his Epiftle to the Cokfiahs. It is the praife thar 

Francifcus de Saks Bifliop of Gemta gives to PftrMS Fder^ one of the 

firft aflbciates of Ignatius LoioU that hfs manner was,whenfocver he 

eame to any place he ftiU made fuit to the Tutelar Angels, that 

prcfided there for their aid of converting the people from hercfie ; 

and found great fuocefle in it : This imploration and worThipisor* 

dinary s wherein they do that co the Angels, which the Angels 

themfclves have forbidden to be done : and yet I muft needs fay 

if any creature could be capable of a religious worfhip, it is they ; 

and if any creauire were fit to be prayed unto, it is thcyratherthen 

the higheft Saints of Heaven: for whereas it is the juft ground of 

our refufing to pray to the Saints that we cannot be fure of their 

prefence, and notice, (fure rather of the contrary ) and therefore 

cannot pray in fauh j that ground is here juftly removed^ we arc 

fure tjhat the Angels of God arc prefent vrith us 5 we are 

furcthattheyhearusprayj but this is an honor refervedas peculi* 

ar to the God of Angels,and to that one mediator betwixt God and 

man, JefusGhrift, thofe Spirits hate to be' made rivals to their 

maker j neither have we learned that unreafonable modefty to fuc 

to waytcrs, when we are called up to fupplicatc the King. 

The other extreme is of carclefte chriftians, that do no more 
think pf Angels, then if there were none ; fuffering their* bodily 
eyes to be taken up with the fight of therr affcmbled neighbours, 
but never raifing their fpirituali eyes to behold thofe fpiritim! cffen- 
ces wliich are no Icflc prefent j and certainly J fear we arc all much 



The Womens ^a/l. 2 < i 


CO blame chis way ; and may juftly tax our felves of an unthankful^. 
.dally irreligious nc^lcft of thcfc glorious^ Spirits j Ifinde that the 
MahometM Preifts in their Morning and Evening prayer ftill end 
their devotion with Mscree Kichon j Be Angels prefent : and the 
people (bout out their -^w^/j : and Ihall our jpiety this way be k(&. 
than thcirs.Surely the Angels of God arc inieparably with us j yea 
whole cohorts, yea whole Legions of thofe heavenly foldicryare 
now viewing & guarding us bi thefe holy meetings, and we acknow- 
ledg them not ; we ycild not to them fuch reverent and awful re- 
focife as even flcfti and blood, like our own, will exped from us. 
Did we think the Angels of God were with us here, durft thofc of 
us which dare not be covered at home ( as if the freedom of tb's 
holy place gave them priviledge of a loofe and wild licentioufnefs ) 
affc^ all faucy poftures,and flrivc to be qaore unmannerly then tlieir^ 

DidLweconfider that the Angels of God are witneffes of our de- . 
meanour in Gbdshoufe, durft we fhimble in here with no other 
reverence then we would do. into our Barne, or Stable 5 and fit. 
down with no other care then we would in an alc-houfc,or Theater? 

Did we finde our felves in an aflembly of Angels , durft we give 
our eyes /cave to rbve abroad in wanton glances ? our tongues to 
walk in idle and unfeafonable chat ? our ears tob^ taken up with 
frivolous difcouffe i Durft we fct our felves to take thofc naps here 
whereof we failed on our pillow at home 5 certainly my beloved, 
sAl the/e do manifeftly convince us of a palpable unrefpeft te^ 
the bleflcd Angels of God , our invifible conforts in thele holy 

However then it hath been with us hitheno j let us now begin 
to take up other refolutions } and fealc in our hearts an holy aw 
of tharprefence wherein we are j Even at thy home addrels thy 
fdf for the Church 5 prepare to come before a dreadful Majefty of 
God and his powerful Angels j thou feeft them not 5 no more did 
Elijhdes fcrvant till hi^ eyes were opened : 1 1 is thine ignorant and 
groflc infidelity that hath filmed up thine eye?, that thou canft di- 
tearne no fpiritual objcft 5 were they but anointed with the eyc- 
falve of faith, thou (houldeft fee Gods houfe full of heavenly glory^ 
and (houldcft check thy felf with holy J4re^, when he awaked from 
his divine vifion 5 SHrelj tic- Lord ism this place and J k^jp if mt-y how 

^. dread^ 



2^^ . The Womens vaii. 

um ii I « »<i 

F^"^*"^ I « ■ I— w^p^— i>— OP— 8ni^w—i^»^i— —f— iwi^— ^i^w^i^pir ■ II 

dr^4djuUis thii fUee { thii it mother hathe hufe dfOoJ^ 4ndtb^ u 
tbfg^!€ofH€4Vf»y GiiL t%^ i$y ij. Oh then when thou fcttcft 
thy foot over the threfhold of Gods Temple tremble to think ¥(fho 
is there^ life up thine awfuU eyes, and bow thine himiUe knecs^ 
and raife op diy devout and faithful foul to a rel^ious teveicnce 
and fear of thofe iiiidity and Majeftical j^ts that are there \ and 
of that great God el Spirits, whofe both they and thou art ; and 
fludy in all thycarriage to be approved of fo glorious witnei^s and 
overfeeres. That fo at the lau thofe ble&d Spirits with whom we 
have had an inviiibie conv^rfation here, may cacry i^ oiar deparciag 
foules into the heaven of heavens, into the ptefence of thatinfinite, 

- „ them in the participation of cheir un- 
conceivable bli& and gl^. To the fruition whereof he diat harii 
ordained us, eracioufly bring us by the mediation 5 and for the fako 
of his bleffed Son JeftisjTo whom with thee O Father of Hcaveii,and 
thy co-eternall Spirit, three perfons in one God, be given all pnifc^ 
^nor, immortality now and for ever« 


p ♦ 

\iV^-^ l,;:!; HOLY 







By 7.H. B. N. 


Know that a dean heart, and ^ right fpirit is that 
which Godi mainly rcgaids j F was he is s Spirit fi he 
mUbefcrvedin Spirii j bat withall, as he hath oiade John. 4* 
the ixidV) and hath made it a partner with dhe Sonly H* 
fo he jiilily expe^, that it (hould be alfo wholly de- 
voted to hirri ; fo as the Apoftle, upon good reafon, praycs fur 
his Thejfakmgm^ that their whole Spirify smi Soul, and My may te i Tief.'j;^ 
frefervedbUmekfsuntothecomii^ofotir Lordjefm ChriHy and be* ^3* 
feeches his Ramam ty the mercies of God that they prefent their bodies j^^^^ j 2, 
a livingfacrifife, holy acceptable to 6od. j ' 

• Now as the body is capable of a double uncleannefs} the one, 
morail ; when it is made an infbuinent > and agent in ftn ; the o- 
ther natarall when it is polluted with outward filthinef s^ fo both 
of thefe are fit to be avoided \n our addre£[es to the pure and ho- 
ly God i the former out of Gods abfoluce command, who hath 
ciiargcd us to cka^e oicr felves from allfilthinefs both of the flefb and 2 Cor. 7^ 
•Spirit i the latter out of the juft grounds of Decency, and expc- i. 
dience : for thoi^ there be no finfuU turpitude in thoie bodily un- 
deaneneCles^ wherein we ofler our felves to ^peapbefore the Lord^ 
our God s yet there is (b deep an urd>efeem*inencfs in them, as 
places them in the next door to fin : Perhaps Gods ancient people 
the Jemes were too fupcrffitioufly fcnipulous in thefe extemall ob- 
fcrvations ; whofe Talmud tells us of one of their great Rabbies 

that wodd rather fttfiS^r under extremity of hunger and third, then 



2^4 Holy Decency in ih: worjhif of God. 

uft of ought with unwaftien hands; as counung that ncgleA c- 
qiKill TO lying with an harlot 5 and who have railed a great qucfti- 
on whether if any of their poultry have but dip^>cd their beak 
in the bowlc, the water may be allowed to wa(h in i forbidding 
to void the urine (landing ( except it be upon a defcent-of ground ) 
left any drop ftiould recoyleupon the feet ; and in cafe of the o- 
thcr evacuation , befide the paddlc-ftaiRr, and other ceremonies 
in uncovering the feet , injoynin| to turn the face to the Souths 
not to the Eaft or Weft, becaule thofc coaftshad their faces di- 
rcAcd towards them in their devotions ; what (hould I fpeak of 
their extreme curiofity in their outward ol^ervances concerning the 
Law,} which no man might be allowed to read whfles he was 
I ut walking towards the unloading of nature or co the Batbe^ or 
near to any" place of annoyance ; no Man might fo much as fpit 
in the Temple or before diaf faaed Volumn, or Artcch forth bis feet 
towards it, or turn his back upon it^ or receive it with the left 
hand : no Man might prclume to write it biit upon the parch- 
ment made of the skin of a clean be aft : nor to wnte or give a bill 
-of divorce but by the fide of a lunning ftrcam : yea the very Turks 
as'they have borrowed our circumcifion, fo alfo religious niceties 
from tliefe Jewes, not allowing their Akwan to be touched by a 
perfon that4s unclean. 

But furely^ J fear thefc men are not more faulty in the one ex- 
treme, then many Chriftians arc in the other; who place a kindc 
ejfholincfle in a flovenly negleft 5 and fo order themfelves as if they 
thought a nafty careleffenefle in Gods fervices were moft acceptable 
to him : Hence it is that they affed homely places for his worftiip i 
abandoning all magnificence, and coft in all the a^ and apendan* 
ces of their devotion ; clay and fticks plcafe them better, then Mar- 
ble and Cedars j Hence it is that their drcfics make no difference of 
•feftivals ;all ttuffes, all colours arc aHke to them in all facrcd folem- 
•nines 5 Hence that th^ ftumble into Gods houfe without all care or 
fhow of reverence j and fit them down at his Table, like his fellows, 
with their hats on their heads j Hende that they make no diffe- 
rnnce of coming with full panchcs to that heavenly banquet ; and 
that the very doK are allowed free accelte and leave to lift up 
their legs at thole noly tables. In quibuspofuli vota d; memhrA ClmHi 
forMApintfliiaMikva 1 6.^^ the Son of God. 



Holy Decency in the worjhip ofG§d, a ^ ^ 

''———'■««—»— —i—MI ■ ■!■■ » ■ 11 K . I * II I -^— — ^a^^— — — l^—— ■»*i— W^»^M^ 

For the rc^yin^ of whkb mifconccics ar4. pra£tfcs , lee ic be 
laid down as an undoabccd rule ; that it is a thing welj-ple^ing to 
God that there fhould be all outward dcanlineis, gravity, reverent 
and comely po(hire$9 meet furniture, utenfils, places, ufedand 
obferved in the fervice of the Almighty : a truth fumciently ground- 
ed upon that irrefragable Canon ot tra Apoftle: Let si things le iCprj± 
dofSe decently snd in wder j whereof Order refers tcfperfons , and 40. 
a^ons \ decency to the tlungs doiie,and the fafhion ot doing them: 
diforder therefore and indecency, as they are a dired^ violation of 
this Apoftolick charge, fodoubtleffe they are juftly offenfive to the 
Ma jefty of that God whofe fervice is difgraced by them , as for dif* 
order it falls not into our prefent difcourfesin matter of indecency the 
main difquifition will be how it may be juc^cd,and determined ; to 
know what is comly, hath been ofold noted to be not more com- 
mendable then difficult ; for the mindes of men may be of a diffe- 
rent diet ; one may approve that for decent which another abhors ' 
as mod unbefeeming : Snamm rerum nemo mn mitis arbiter & pius 
judex yFetrsrsb. A Cynick curre or fome Turkifh Saint may think ic not 
tincomly to plant his own kind in the open market place ; and Xe- 
i»)|^^o0tellsus of a certain people , called Mofyiecians whofe pra-*«^'«^ 
&x(c was to do all^ thofc a<fb in publick which other men men JU^,^. 
( placing ihame in them ) are wont to refcrve for the greatcft fc- &c. x«- * 
crecy ? andcontrarily: to do thofc things in private, which other *'^*•'^v 
Nations thought fit for the opcncft view, and we findc that thcr^'J 5. 
Stigmatical Saint of the Church of if i^w^ (who could fayofhimfelf 
that God would have him /i2^//^/&m q/tendsm) Dixit mibi I>omrrM Conform. 
qu%d VdfUbat me eJTe unum fstaellitm in hoc mundo y) thms^t Sfpara^ 
it -no (hamc to go ttark naked through the ftrccts of jijfifium : tar. 
S D did Tt^^rf^^ the Taylor and fevcn Men, and five Women Ana- 
baptilh ftrip themfelvcs and ran naked through ^mfferdam^Guy de 
^ref.lderit fecit coram Epifcopo jiJfifiiJih. Conform.p. ii\. But cer- 
tainly there are unqucftionablc rules, whereby decency may be 
botWres^uIatcd and jud2;cd: The great Doftor of the Gentiles when i Cor. 
hewouTdcorrcftan indecent praflifc in his Corinthians ufcs thcfc »i- J3i> 
three expreCfions, Judge inyourfelves is it comly > Doth not nature it H-»6« 
fflf teach youj we iave no fuch cufiome , nor the Clmrches of God: 
Wherein he fends us for the determination of decency, to the jirdg- 
mcnt of our right realon^ undebauched nature, and approved 

E e cuftome ; 


Holy Decency in the worfiip of God. 

cuftomc J and furely, if we follow the guidance of thefc three, wc 
cannot cafily err? in our decifion of coftilineffc both in our carriage in 
humane affaircs^and in the fervices of Godiill thefe will tell us that 
it is moft meet that all outward cl^nlinefs gravity, modeftyj rcvc - 
rence^fheuld be ufcd in all the a^ons of divine wor£hip;and will in 
form us that whatfoever faftiion of dejXDrtnient isheld rude & unci- 
vil in humane convcrfation^is fo much more indecent in divine <i6ti- 
ons^by how much thepcrfpn whom wc deal with is more avv ful^and 
worthier ol the h^helt obfervance. 

It is no other then an error therefore in thofe meft who think that 
if they look to the inward difoofition of the foul it ttiattcts not in 
what pofture, or what loatWome turpitude the body appears be- 
fore the Almighty j Even that flovehly CwV;t when he faw a wo 
nian bowing her felf forward too low in her devotion, could chide 
licr for hci uaregafd to thofe dtities, which beheld her on a 1 (idc s ;. 
Ourblcffcd Saviour though he had good cheereat the Phari/ccs 
houfe, yet he fomc\^at taxeth his hoft for want of a duccompJe- 
j^ ^, - menti letUredintotihrne hufr^ thw gsveft me no wAter fermjftet^ 
^^*^^/ mineh^ &c. Ifc looks ftill for meet 

formalities of good entertainment as well as the fubftance of the 
difhes : It was Gods charge that no fteps fhculd be made to go up 
"Exodjio to his altar ; left the nakednefle of the faaifia-r ftiould bedifcovcr- 
26. edjfor this caufe it was that he who made the firft futc of skins for 
our firft parents^ordaincdlinnen breeches for his Pricfts in their mi- 

God hath no where comnianded us to cut our nailcs , or our 
hair 5 but it were a foul indecency not to do both: and if wc would 
juftly loath a man that fhould come to cur table like wild Nebuctai- 
nezzsr m the defert, with hair to his waft^and clawes on his fingers^ 
II0W much more odious would this feem m a man^ that (hould thus 
thmfthimfelfintothcTablcof the Lord? and if our difpleafure 
would juftly arife at that barbarous gueft; which fhould come to 
outboard with his hands befmeared with ordure or blood, how can 
^ . we think it can be othetwiffe then ill-taken of the holy God, ihaD 
we fliould in a beaftly gatbe offer our felves into his pre/cnce. 

It is not onely in regard of fpiritual filthynpfs, tha[t,thc cvill Spi^ 
wtsare called unclean j but even of external alfo 5 wherein how 
muchrtbcy delight j. wc may Well appeal to die confdiions of rbfe 


t u rn » 

Holy Decencie in the war (hip of God, 257 


Witches and Sorcerers, which upon their conviK^n^d penitence ^ . . 
have laid open the (hameful rites oi their nightly meetings j Nei* p j^'^ 
ther was it without caule thai fomc of their prime agents in the Janh* 
antient Church were called *«f^e«i^ from thofc filthy fafhions wbich ice. ^ 
were in ufe amon^ft thcm.Gvf(?/iV/ hriwitd qaafi ccsnfipy ct turf audi- Augufli^ 
nm infuk mjfieriky &c, /-^e Hjt- 

Contrariiy, what pleafure the pure and holy God takes in the ^^f: 
deanneile, both of flefh, and (piritjis abuodatly teftifycd by to thofc j*''^*!! 
many, and ftriA injun^ons of lotbns , and piuificttions , which Jr 
we nnde, upon every occafu>n in his antient law; and though thofc 
lawes be not now ^ligatory , as being for the fubftance of them 
ceremonial and typical, yet ibey have in them fo much ciniSfaireof 
an eternall morality, as to imply a meetne(]k of decent cleanlinenc 
in the fervices of (jod. 

In the obfecvation whereof it is meet for us to hold a midlc way 
betwixt fuperftition, and neglcA s it is cafy to note how in the for- 
mer extreme, 4 fuperftitious curiofity hath aept into the Ctouch of 
Rome s in lo much as it may well ^ye with the Jcwi(h , fee multi- Bartoi. 
tudcandmcenefleofobfci:vances;Their Al^ar-cloths mutt notbe<^^v«"^ 
touched but witha hrufh appropriated to that fervice ; their cor- Jjj^/' ^ 
porals muft firft ( erethey be delivered forth ) be wafhed by none mwdUh 
but thofc that arc in faaed orders, in a vcflcl proper only to that {^^f^^^ 
ufe, with fope and lye ; and after with -pure water, which after /^cw/* 
therinfmg, mud be poured into the facrarjium; their chalices 'mud ^('•'^ ''/'«• 
not be touched by one that is not in Orders : No^lovc may be worn ll^„^^]l^^ 
in their quire : No woman or layman may make their noft, nci- r.Pmeffia 
ther may any lay -perfon lo much as look at that facred wafer out of ^*^^ fi^ 
his window i Their mil&Uufliions may not be brought fo much as -jZnfin. 
for the Bifliop to kneel on : The Stones of a demoli(hed Church ^f^^ ^* ^- 
may be fold to lay-incn, but with rcfervation of ufes ; ncithci: may ^*' ^''*'^' 
fo oiucb as an houie for the curate, be built upon the fame floor^ g*4vdnf. v. 
but by the Popes licenfe : Upon the burial of an herctick within the ^^^^P^- 
precihas the Church mull be reconciled,' and the walls fcrapcd : ^^'ifTfil 
The grafle in the Church-yard ^may not be ufed to any pafturage 5 & io^a^ 
their /^j^ir;<^-Dfi may not be touched by a L^y-man, no not vvith 'l^^^'^'* 
gloves on, or with a pair of tongues : What fhouldl inftance in Tft'ctmi- 
")orc •, a juft volume would not cxmtain the curious fauples of their «> w. 
nice oWervanceSj in their veftments , confccrations , lacramental 

Ec 2 rices. 

a ^ 8 Holy Decency in the worjhip of God. 

rices i and indeed, in the viiiole carriage of tlicir religions devoti- 
ons } in all which they bring chemfelves back under the bondage 
of more then Judaical ceremonies:pIacing Gods worfhip ia the ritn- 
al device of men, and bringing their confciences under the icrriZc 
fubjedioa to humane impolitions j That kl^erty wherewith Qirfii 
hath made us free calleth us to the avoydance of this unjuft excefll-* 
But withal our revercnttat fear of the God of heaven, calls us to 
efchew in the other extreme ail fordid incurioufnefs, and flavcniy 
negleft in hits immediate fervkes. 

To which purpofe let it pa(fe for a (lire ttile that there is a kinde 
of Relative holinefs in pcrfons, things, times, places, actions : Re- 
lative, I fay, not inherent in themlelves but in refif rence to their 
ufe, and deftination ; and in the fccond place, that even this kind 
of holinefle challengeth a reverent cefpcft from us ; A perfon whofc 
profcffion is holy, by his folemn confecration to God, ftiould and 
ought to carry more veneration from us then every common man. 
The holy elements in the facrament, being now fet apart to this 
divine ufe, ihould be otherwife regarded of us then the common 
bread, and wine at the Tavern : inrefpctftofthat blefled myftcry 
whereto they are appropriated: Gods holy day is held worthy of 
more rcfpeft from us, then all the dayes in the year befides;and why 
{hould it not be fo Kkewife in places and actions > Even in our own 
houies wc obfcrve a decency, and different rcgara of rooms j hold- 
ing it unbcfeeming that the bufinefics of the fculkry (hould be done 
"in cm parlour, or that our bed-chamber (hould be made a larder : 
And can we think it leile uncomly to put Gods peculiar houfc to 
the ufe of a kitchin, or ftable f Surely, the fervfce wherto it is or- 
dained, and the name that it bears, ought to priviledge it from ^ 
. eithrr bafe, or profane imployment. 

As for facred a^ons, astt^cy have more life in then theout- 
Wdrd circumllances of time and [rface, fo they do juftly recpire more 
lefpeA in the managing of them ; in our petitions, ifwe come to 
earthly princes upon our knees, with an awful reverence j how 
much more ouorht we to do lb to the King of glory ? In our rcccit 
of the bief&d mrharift, our demeanure muft be no other then fuch 
as may become theguefts of the jgreat King of Heaven 3 and the 
commenfals of the I^rd Jefus, ofwhom and with whom we do 
then communicace j 10 hearing Qt reading the Divine Oracles, cor 


Holy Decency in the worjlif of Cod. 2^5 

deporcmenc muft be fuch> as may argue our puciin^ a dificrcnce be- 
twixt the word of the cver-livii^ God } and the fwiblc dt^tcs of 
mortal men like our felves , 

Asidi as it b in outward decency and cleanlinefs^ fo alfo in the 
matter of coft^ or handfomeneis ( at Icaft ) in the utenfils and 
ftrudtures that belong to God ^ wherein it is a marvel how much 
we m this lad a^e of the world have varied firom our pic^eccflburs^ 
in the firft eftabmhmencof ChrilUanity : Nihil reftrt fiie exMro^ 
five ex Ugmfit Tempkm s pX/efit Bs^idum pcut in Betkleem^ fiie re^ 
giA d^mmficut in yerufalem. Lath, in Ffd, 122. They thought no- 
thing good enough for God Almighty, we think nothing too mean* 
Upon the firft noifc of the Gofpel, when the fecular Scace was^ 
not their friend, the poor Chttfbans were glad to make any (hift i 
tf they a)uld build their firfl Oratories, or Chutchc*s of flicks ( as at 
GlaHeMbury in the entrance of Chriftianiiy ) they were well apay d : 
or if but the bare sky were their roof, tliev were well enou^i con- 
tented ibut when once Kings became nuru^ fathers to the Church, 
what coft, what magnificence was iufficient for Gqds temples ^ 
Even as it was in the Elder times of Gods antient people, at the 
firft there was a ftake pitched for the habitation of the Almighty }af* 
ter wards there was a Tabernacle erc^d, and God was pleafed to 
dwcl in Tents j but when Kif^s were chofen by God to go in and 
out before his people, nowa^atlyStniAure, one of the wonders 
of the Wodd, was raided unto God in Sieu i in fo admirable beau* 
ty as dizeled the eyes of the World to^ behold it. When the 
ChriftianRdigioA then had id^en foot in the empire, whatfunfip- 
tuous monuments were ereyfled by that pious CMSiantine (in whom 
our Nation claimeth a juft interett > let hiftories fpcak i na flones 
weretoopredous, nomettalwas too coftly for tnat happy ufe ; 
and fo powerful influence had that example upon Chriftian Kings 
and Princes, that each ftrove who (hould exceed other in the cofb 
and fplendor of thofc holy fabricks, the riches of their dotati(Hi, the 
price of their iacrcd vef&ls.j and from them ( as from the head 
to the slurts,) defcended to the Chriftian Nobility and Gentry 5 in 
fuch fort, that in a (hort fpace the face of the earth wa^ crown 
proud to be adorned with fo many precious piles,, and the Church 
was grown glorious and happy witn fo bountiAilI endowments: and 
what (hali we think of it tOK^ Kings ofT^Jbilb md of the IU$ did 


26o < Hoiy Decency in theworjhif of God. 

, II I - - r I " ► ^^^^^*^^**^» 

' ths htii$g frefcBtSy wdtbc Krn^ rf Shia^ ami SmU did'^r gifts ? VV4SttvvcUdonc,,or ought it not bettor have bcea fpared > 
Surely, had thofe Godly Empcrours, Kings, Princes, Ptcts, Gen- 
try, been of the minde ofmany moderne Chriftians, they had for- 
borne thisicare andcoft, and turned tfaeir munificence into ano- 
ther channel ; But if tUsbouiity of theirs were holy and cootaien^ 
dable,as it hath been jofUycelcfaiated fay aUChnfiia^ till this pie- 
&nt age i . how are thofe oi ours (hamefully degenerated , who af- 
fect nothing but homlinefle and beggery in all diat is deroted to the 
Almighty; and arc ready to Giy contrary to the man after Gods 

^ Sam. ^^vn hcarti IwiM offerto th^ Lord mj G$d$fihit whuhfh^^coft 

24.24. mmihing. 

, With what great ftatc wd deep expence God wa§ fovcd under 
the Law, no nian can be ignorant ; for who knowes not the Qofkly 
iurniture of the Tabernacle,t^r]ch habiliments of thel^eft, the 
precious veffibts for the facriScess. and after that the uiviAuye 
AimptuoUitiefsofthc Tempk, both without and within; In the 
maroles, ce4ars, almuggim trees, brade, (iher, gold, in the cu- 
rious celaturcs, and anificial textures? in regard of all wlich for 
matter aoi forme, what was this other then the glory of the whole 
earth ? and as for tlie very altar alone ( Gods Ariel ) tl^t which 
went up there from, in fmoke, both in the daily facrificc s, and die 
folemn Hecatombs^ upon fpecial occafions, what man could value ? 
Beildcs the treble tithes, firAfiuites, oblations which were perpe- 
tually prefented to God for the maintenance of his Prieffhood : O 
the coftly fcrvices of God under die Law ! And do we think the 
fame God is now of a ciiite other diet, then formerly i Is all this 
mecr ceremony ? Is tnere not fo mudi morality in it as that it is 
meet the great CJod, who is die podeffour of Heaven and Earth, 
fhould be fcived of the heft ? that it is not for us to affcd too much 
cbeapnefle, and ncgledive homelinefs in our evangelical devotims? 
Surelv, nature it felf calk to us for tfaisrcfpeft to a" deity, even the 
very Tavage Indians may teach us this point of religion ; amon^^ft 
whomwe£nd thcAfirxfV4», a people that had never had any in-- 
tercourfe with the other three parts of the Worid, Eminent in this 
kinde 1 what fumptuous^ and flately Temples had they ereded to 
^ their Devils : How did they enrich their mif-called Gods wkh 
Magauns of their trcafure ? Andcven M die moft barbarous an^ 


^ V * 


Holy Decency in t he wor^np of God. 16 1 

hrutiAi of all rhofe people that bear the (hape of Men have this 
prmdpfc hred in them^ that if they have ought better then other; 
it i$ for their God : a principle fo much advanced by imper fcdl 
Chriftianity; that the Abaftus bold it piacular t(J build their own 
houfes of the fame matter which is rcfcrved for their Churches} J^ ^^% 
to the very fabrick and ufe whtrebfthey yield fo much reverence ^fiU^J 
as that their greateft Peer alights from hishorfe When he comes bur 
within view 6f thofc facred pncs. 

Andifftomehofe remote jpdns ofttic world we Yhall think fit 
to look homewards; how )un caufc (ball we finde to wonder at 
the munificent piety of our j^redecefibrs, who fo freely poured out 
themfclvesintobountifiile*penceforraifino;ofrhe haufcs of God- 
in pur Iflatid, and endo^ng them with rich patrimony, that the 
brimc honor of this Nitiony all the world over, hath ever been the 
Deautyof our Churches : Neither was it othcrwife in all thofe 
parts ot*ihe World where Chriitianity had obtained ; How fre- 
quent was it for a wealthy matron with VeBina^ and for a greaf 
Nobleman' with the Roman Tgrr^Zfi^y, RegMfouusquam cosnobia v}^ 
fMBist^Jterisr^Uawty^^^ to make God their heir, and^*'-*^*' 

to enrich bis houfes and fervices with the legacies of their jewels, j^^^'/^j > 
and po(&(fions ? Whereupdn it came to pane that thofe ftrudbrcs 
and veffels which at the firft were but c^ mud, and tneancr mrt- 
talsj according to the poverty of the donors J foon after exciiang- 
ed their hometinefs for fo glorious a magnificence^ as bleared the 
eyes ofthe heathen behokfers; See, faith that enemy ofChrift, 
in what veflels Maries fon is ferved ; and ArHmianus is ready to ^ 

burft with fpight at the liberal provifion of Godsthinifters inpbm- 
parifori of their negledtive Paganifme, Ut ditmer oilmonihus matrc-- \ 


" There may have been fomc in all ages^ that out of a mifground- 
edhumility, and pretended mortification have aflfefted a willing 
difrefpediof all outvi^ard accommodations both in their own dome- 
ftck provifions> atifl in the publitk fervices of God y fuch were St. 
6dUm of old 5 and in later Times, the two famous FtAnceftsoiAf* n^gUfrii 
jJ/?, and of St.i»*/ : Thefirft whereof, GaBu^^ as the hiftory re- s^rtfJkAi^. 
WtSj when agreatDuke out of a reverent opinion of his fanftity 
Md given hirti a rich atfd curioufly carved peecc of plate 5 MagnoaU 
^sm Difdple whdhad the carriage of thatpretious ycflel^moving • 



■w^ro»» 1 ^ « ■ 

362 Ht?/y Decency in the worjhip of God. 

cbac ic raighc be refervcd fot the facrcd ufc of G6ds table, received 
this anfwcr from him : Son remember what Feter (aid, GM snd 
Silver have Inme \ let this place wHch thou beareft be diftributcd to 
the poor ; for my blefled mailer Sant C%hmk was wont to offer that 
holy Saaifice in chalices of braffe ; becaufe they fay, our Saviour 
was With brazen nailes fadned to his crofs ; thus he in more humi- 
lity then wifdome j Lfpjrops ukerop^umflagarum ruehsit in OfinU. Hi. 
Confer. FrnBi^. Separaiitr . And for the other two i never man more 
affected bravery and prMe then they did beggery , and naftinefs ; 
placing a kind of merit in fticks, and day, in rags and patches, and 
ilovenry ^S^Frdncifcus circa mortem fiMH in tefiameiaofHofcriii voluit 
quod omnes celU & domns fratrumde liffiis & lutoe^erit tantnniy ad 
confervandam melius l^nmiktatem & fanfertatem. Libr. Confornuf. a 2 8. 
lib. 2. FruBu. 4. Conform. 1 6. Let thele and their i|j*advifcd ioliow* 
ers pafs for Cjnicks in Chriftianity ; although now> what ever the 
originalruleofcheir fordid founder was; even thofe of that order 
can in their buildings and furnitures emulate the magnificence of 
Princes; asiftheyaffe^ednoiefsexccfs in the one extreme, then 
their patron did in the other , Frairts omnes utUbus veflibus induan* 
turi & pofiknt earefeciare de fsccis & diii pedis cum benediSime 
Dei. Conform^ h i . FruFtu 9.P.11 6. Wife Chriftians fit down in the 
mean ; now under the Gofpel avoyding a carelefle or parcfmbm^ 
ous negledt on the one fide, and a fuperftitious lavifhnefie on the 

As for this CV^irch of ours, there is at this time efpcpally little 

&ar of too much; and if we be not more in the ablative, then our 

Anceftors were in the dative cafe yet we are generally more apt to 

- higde with the Almighty 5 and in a bafe niggardlincfs to pinch him 

in tne allowances to his fcrvice j wherein we do not fo much 

wrong onr God as our felves ; for there is not in all the World fo 

furea motive for God to dvc lat]gely unto us, as that we give 

^ freely unto God;. David did but intend to build God anhoufc, 

XI *itf! andnowinagratious retribution, God tells him by Nuthan^ The 

Lord win build thee an heuffy and mil efiablifb thine houfe and tbj king^ 

dome for ever before the : and contrarily in this it holds as in all o- 

^^Cor. ther pious bequcfts 8 He that Joweth fparingly^ foall reap fparinglj : 

9- *• & if ibmc particular wayes or the convcighance of our bounty were 

PrQv. 3. anciently ccremonial,yet we are fure this chaise is perpetual,/fa;'Mr 

9. . - t!:e 

V ^*^ 


Holy Decency in the worfhip of God. ad | 

tift Lsrd mitb ^ f^^HMie. Had bur bleflcd Saviour been of the 
mind of thcfe drye and pinching Devocionifls, he had fnrely chid 
Afary AdgdalcMty for the needlcflc waft of chat her pretious otnt^ 
Aienc, and have agreed with Judas how much better it migh have 
been ccnployed for the relief of many poor foules that want- Af'^^-^i* 
ied bread, tnen in fiach a complement of unneceiTary delkacy ; but ' 3* 
how kindly this feafonable eroence was taken by our Lord ' Jefus, 
ai^pears, in that the memorial of this beneficence is ordained by hira 
to have no narrower bounds of Time or Place, then this blcflfcd 
Gofpel it felf* 

Shortly, as thehooeft and learned GerfM long fince di(!tingu(h« 
cd in matter of Doiftrine s fo muft we learn to diftingu(h in mat« 
ccr ofpr^da&i fome things are of the neceifity of devotion, others 
ofthe piety of devotion; and yet ftirther, in this fecond ranke, 
fome things are eflential to the piecy of devotion , without v^ch 
it cannot be at all, others are accidental without which it cannot 
be (o well s under this latter fort, expedience and decency both 
of cleanlinefs and coft challenge a dua place, and cannot juftly 
be denyed it : As it is in our own cafe, lome things are requifice 
iHitof thcneceflityof nature, without which we cannot fuofiil; 
other things are requifitc for the ^convenience of our eftate, with* 
<)ut whkh we cannot maintain a well bcinz j He that hath 
JBread and Drinke, and Cloathes , may live ; but he that hath not 
his Linneh wafhed and his meat dcanly dreflcd , and change oC 
warme fuits will hardly live with comfort. 

To the great marriage of tlie Kings fon in the Gofpel, all com- 
crs arc invited; yea the guefts are fercht from the very high waics, ^J^^^^^* 
and hedges, where there could be no probability of any choice 
Wardr^we , yet when the King comes in, and finds a man without 
his wedding garment she in dif pleafure asks,Fr/r»^^fl» c/fmffl thau in 
hiAeri fuffiaentyintimaiinsjtnatevcn comluicflc of fafliion and 
meet a>mplemcnt are worthily expected in the lolcmn entertain- 
ments of God. 

To conclude, if we have rightly apprehended the dreadful and 
glorious Majcfty of the great God j we (hall never think wc can 
come widrfeverence enough into his holy prcfencc ; and it is no 
fotialfappendance of reverence to have our very bodies decently 

compofed before him: and if we have well weighec^ the abfolute fo- 

f f veraignty 

Holy Vecency in the worjbtf of God. 

vet atgnty of this gieat King of Glory^and theinfiiiice largefs of oar 
munmcenc God,who hach given us our fclvcs, and all thac we hme^ 
ot are, or hope for, that bach not grudged us ought m earth, or hea« 
ven } no not the dear fon of his love, and eternal cflence; bwharil 
fent him out qf his bofome for our redemption: we cannot think all 
our Httle enpugb to confecrate to his blefied name and fervioe ; and 
(hall hold that evil eye wonhy to be pslled out, which (hall gnidg 
the fattdl^ of his flocks, and beards to the altar of the iMm^hty. 
Now the application of this whde difcouciel ietve to the thoi^hcs 
of every reader ; who cannot but eafily finde how too much need 
there is of a monitor in this kind ; whiles the examples of a profane 
indecency fo abound every where to the great Aianae of the Co^), 
and fcanaall of all ingenious mindes . I forbear to particuJariKe s * 
volume would be too ftra^ht for this complaint : ' 
. k is not the bluihing otmy Nauonjthe detifkm of Foraieners,the 
advantage of advcrfarics that I drive at,in thcfe fcafonable lines 5 it 
is the reformation of thofe foul abufes,$;rofs neglcds, outward in- 
dignities) notorious pollutions^which have helpt to expofe the 
face of this famous Church, late the glory of Chrifiendcm, to the 
fcorne of the nations round about us}wno now change their former 
envy at her unmatchable beauty^ into a kinde of infultiog fity of 
her miferable deformity Retume^dear hrethren,reiurne to that com- 
ly Qrder,and decency which won honour and reverence toyour good- 
ly forefathers. 

After the main care of the fubflance of divine wor(hip ( which 
muftbeeverholy/piritual) anfweraUe to the unfailing andexa£k. 
rule of the eternal word of God ) let the outwiatd carriage of Gods 
faoed affairs be ( what may be ) futable to that pure, and dreadful 
Majefty whofe they arejlet his now negleAed houfes be decently 
veqM repaired^neatlykcpt^Tcverently regarded for the owners fake, and 
tImuva inviolably referved for thofe facred ufcs to which they are dedicatedf;: 
ini fotitr , let his holy table be comly rpread;& attended with awful devonoa, , 
nejffexfus let them lie clean both within and without jhat bear the ve&b of 
L2ld$^ ^''^ Lord;let the maintenance of his altar be free^liberal^qbearfiilslet 
ii€ €!%%• Gods chair, the pulpit , be dimb'd into by his chofen fervants, widi 
I JJj,, ^ trembling, and gn^viiy:bricfly,let his whole fervice and worftipbe 
&«fcv«.vfr^.^^W)r«^<* ^th all holy reverence jthi$ii<hc way to the acxeputbii 
of God, and to honour with men. . 



U 'W 

a 5^ 

i ^ i jy ••^ 

Good Security: 

A Comfortable 



The Qiriftians Affurancc of :Heavcn. 

« • • 

Grounded upon a Tet. i . i o. 
Gi^e diligence to mal^eyoHr Calling and EhSlion fnrc. 

T (bill be my onel y drift,and eadeavpur in this diTcOurfc 
to /ectle the hearts of thofe who profcfs the name of 
Cbrift^ in a main cafe of Chrifiian refolucion concern^ 
ing theirprefent and final eftate ; the mean whereof 
\i no lefte comfortable and uTcful) then the extremes 
miferably dangerous: whiles one is caulelefly confident, and dyes 
prefoming \ another is wilfully carclefs, and periHied) ^ough 
oegleft, both fearfully mif-carry, and help to ifill up hell : I fhalJb 
dmc-ia^de the wife Cbriftian in a midway between botb thefc, 
and teach hua how to be refolute without prefumption ; and to be 
awful without diftri^) how to labour for an boly fecuriry , and mo- 
deft confidence. Ere w^ defcend to the matteriihrcc termes iiequite 

Ff a a 


The ChrifiiaKsjIjfHrance of Heaven. 

a little clearing^ what this calling is ? What clc^on ? What the 
furc-making ot bath t 

As to the fir ft s this cannot be taken ofanoutward calling : Far 
we ace fure enough of that jjivrherefoever the Gofpel is preached 
we are called outwardly s *i)either are we nmch tnc nearer to be 
fure of that) Jir mMy ar€ caJIedy Jew chefemy yea certainly this not 
aniwered fhall ae|ravatc our damnation s It is therefwe an inward 
and effeAuall caUuig that we muft endeavour to make fure : a call, 
not by the found of the word only^ but by the efficacy of the Spi« 
rit: The foul hath an ear as well as the body^ when thecarof die 
foul hears the operative motions of Gods ipirit, as well as the ear 
of the body hears the external found of the Gofpel: then are we 
called bv God, when nue faith is wrought in the Soul, as well as 
outward conformity in our life j when w<\are made true ChnfUans 
as well as outward profeflbrs^ then ^and not till then have we this 
calling from God. 

Sndi then is our calling ; the election is anfwerable toit ; Wot a 
temporal, and external, to fome fpedal office, or dignity j where- 
of our Saviour, HAvemtlchofenymtmehe. J^hn.e.'jo. Md MBfts 
Iris chofen^ pfal 106. Not a fingling out from the mofJ, to an out- 
ward profcmon of ChrifV, whereof perhaps the Apoftle, 1 The/, r, 
4. Kmmngy ielned^ thstjeMreeUBefGody and the Pfalmift,'/^/! 
fed is he whom thou choofefi andsaufefl to dwell in thy courtSy Pfd. 1 5.5. 

For notwithflanding this noble and happy privilcdge, litde would 
itavaileustobefureofthis, and no more; no profcifion,no dig- 
nity can fecurc us from being perfc^Iy miferable, but an etcriuil 
ckftion toglory J y^hcteoi St, P duly Efhef. 1,4. Cod hMh chcfen us 
hChriftiefrre the foundations of the H^Idy that we might he holysni 
ilamfi^e before him in love s and to his CohJfiauSy As the eleH of God 
hoty and kebved •y fuch as to whom faving Faith is appropriated,' the 
ffe le wherfef is fidus eleBorumy the faith of the EleBy Tit. i.u 

Such then is our calling, and elftton. Now this calling, t\ns c- 
IcAion muft be made (vffc or firme, as the word ( ^•^''« ) f^nifics r 
fure and firme, not on Gods part who we know is nmrhangblc in 
his nanipe, in his counfels. So as in that regard our eleftion (ific 
be at all is mofl fure, and forcr cannot be 5 but on otffs, notanlv 
inrefpedoftheobjcA, which is the truth, and immutability of 
the thijig it felf j butia K-fpc^ of the fubA^ too^ tlie foul that ap- 


i he CbriHUns Ajfurauce of HtdvttL, 26 j 

preheifcisict fotdsc chtc it uuuipc be ialfificd^ caoaoc be diikp- 

It is not for us to e'xpcA fuch a certainty of knowlcdg in this 
point as there is of Principles of Arts, orot thoic things whereof 
common fence aflures us. Our Schoolmen make diibndton of a 
oertainty) evident, and inevidcnt ; Evident, which atiftth out of 
the dcamefs of the objeA it felf} and the necefloryconnci^ion of 
the termc&>as that the whole is greater then a partinevidcnt^which 
atiiesnotfomuchoutoftheimrinfecal truth of the propofition it 
fcif) asoutofcheveradtyand infalliUenefs of the party that af- 
firmesit. Soboth Divine and Humane faiih receivjc their aflii* 
ranee from the Divine or Humane authority whereon it is ground- 
ed ; and this inevidem aflixrance may be fo certain as to expel all 
prevailing doubt, thou2h not all troubling doubt : ^cither need 
ther« any other for the Articles of our cicea which vi'e take upon 
the infalliUe txuttofhtmwhoistfac tnithitfelf, andean no more 
deceive us then, not be. 

This latter is die certainty, which wcmuiMabour to attain unto. 
In the grant whereof our RomiAiJDfvines ate generally too ftraight* 
laced, yiddii^'Vet a Theologiou certainty which goes farrbut not 
home : altho^h fome of them are more liberal, as dthmnuSy Tr* 
gs^ Rnat ditty TapperuSy and ^f r^ini fo)lowii|g them, which grant 
tl^t fome holy men, out of the feeling and expciience of the pow* 
ev of Gods Spirit in them^ may without any fpeciall revelation 
grow to a £;reat height of alTuranceiif notfo as that they may fwear 
they are adured of this happy eftate of grace,yet fo,as that tlxry may 
be as confident of it, as that tliere is a R$mi or CwfidtttiMpkyiivhich 
one would thiak were enough : but the reft are commonly too fpa- 
riiig, in the inching out •f the poflSbilitie of our aflurance by nice 
d^n^ons: CardsMl BeSMrmiMfj makes fix kindes , or degrees of 
certainty; whereof three are cleiar, three obfcure; the three firil 
are the certainty of underftanding, the artainty of knowlcdg, the 
oertainty of experience ; The firit of thAn i$ of plain principles, 
which upon meer hearing are yielded to be moft true, wichow 
any travcrfe ofthougihts .• Theiecond is of conclufions , evident- 
ly deduced from thofe principles,The third is of the matters of fenfe 
about which the eye,or eare is not deceived. 

The three latter cert^tics whieh are more obfcure are thofie 


■ «• 


a6S . Tht ChrifiioMf Ajfur^im of HegvcH, 

■y ■■■■ jyjp ' ijg ai'^'*— r*'^ 

of.Faitb,^ or fiel^fc^ andthe ck9:ees thereof 4 Ibe fitft where*, 
ot^ is the certainty oftheCatholitk or Divine faith, which depen- 
ding upon Gods authority cannot deceive us. The Second is the 
certainty of huoiane faith } fo depending upon Mans authoritj^ 
and in fach matters, as ikut out all fear* of fa]wQod> or difappoiiit- 
meat in believing them^ as chat diere was an Auf^m cJfar^ a 
Rdmey a JerufaUm. The third is the certainty of a well grounded 
conceit which he pleafeth to call conjedumU; raifed upim bxkk 
undo^ted fignes wd proofs, as may make a Man fecure of what 
hehc^deth} and excludes all anKtety, ?et cannot uttedy free hun 
f^om all fear^ This iaft he caiibe concent co yitld us ; and indeed in 
his ftating,the queftion ftands onely upon the deniaH of the ccitainty 
of' a Divine fakh in tUs great al&ir : we are teady to take what he 
gives, fo as then here maybe a oeruinty in the hcsrt of a r^eue- 
rate Man, of his catting and 6le£Hon ; and fuoh a one as fhab rea- 
der him hc4ily fecure j and fceefiom anxiety j Let the difimgiufl>- 
cr w^ary himfeif with the thoughts of reconciling certitude 
with con jeftntes 5 fccttrfty with fear" j let us have the iecnrity,. and 
let him take th^fcat to hknielf : Shortly then, wiiiles the Sicfaoob 
make much ado of what kind of aartainty this nrnft be tsksny 
whether of faith, or of hope, or of cemidence : ftirely, H it 
be fuch an hope and confidence as makes not afihamed by dafap- 
pointing us, Doth ace equally fafe ; It is enough ifit be fuch a fidu- 
cial! pcrfwafion as cannot deaive us, nor be liable to falihood^ 

But how far the n reaches this a£&curation i 

So far as to exclude all fears, all doubting , and hefitadon i 
Neither of thefe. 

Not all kind of fcar 5 fwrwe Are liddtn to mirk out our falvsucn 
mhbfear mdtremiliug^ Philip. 2. and to ipendHieUme t^our fil^ 
f^rintagt infrar^ i ?^^ i. Not doubting, whidi thecounieli of TreiO 
nvouldfecm tocaft upon our opinion ; we cannot be fo fcnfiHtcfs, 
as not in the con(cience of our infirmities, and manifbkl indifpo* 
iirions find our (elves put to many plunges: but y^t ro,as that by die 
-power of ourfaith(vvhich is the viftory that overcome^ the World> 
at laft wc do happily^^ecover, and find our ielves freed by a com* 
Ibrtable and joyful! elucidation. If any Man could be fo fond as 
to think we ftand fo fure that w* (hall never (hake, or move, he 
grofly miiconcetves our condition 3 but if & iu»e that we (hall 



• The Chriftian^ Affurantt ofHeii^tn. a ^p, 

■ ■■' , ' j >» 

never be turned up by the ifoots, ncvct removed, after wc are faft 
pJafltcd, and grounded in the houfc of God, he takes us ati^t 5 
This is gi certainty that wc may, thai wc muft, labour to afpirc tih- 
to J C$ynmQveturfdes^ yim^ycutiUir^ as Chdhi& tvill'; \Vc ttiuft 
therefore give all diligence to tnake this t'StCtA^ calling, this e- 
ternall ele^onthdi lure unto us. 

Mark in what order } firft our calling, then ctrr elcftion ? not 
beginning with our elc^onfirftjit wtrie asboldjas-abfafd apirefunip- 
tion in vain Men, firtVto begin at Heaven, kh J from thence to 
dcfcend to Earth, the Angds of Gbd tipbh Jdit>h iaddcr both 
afcendcdand defcended, but furcly, wc muft afcend onely from 
Earth to Heaven by our caUing, arguing cJur deftion i If we con- 
. fiderof Godsyvorking, and proceeding with us, rt is one thing, 
there he iSrft. forckfiowcs us, arid ' praddleftinates ui^ then* htf tails 
us, and'juftifiesus, thehhegldfifiesus*K&W8. 29; jo; ' 

If we cpnfider the order of our apprehending the State whcrem 
we ftand with God, there we are nrft called, thcfn juftified, and 
thereby cotnc to be affured of <>tnr Oredeftkiation, : and glory. 
Think not therefore to climb op into THeaveni and there ' tcr read 

^our names in the book of Gods eternall decree, and thertupon to 
ttild the certainty of your allmgy bchcving, perfevcring ; this 
courfe is prefumpcuoufly prepofterous : but by tne truth of your' 
cffcfhiall calling, and true- believing grow i^ at laft towards a 
conifort^le aflurance of your eleAron 5 which is the jaft Methode 
of oar ' Apoftle here, Mgkipitf tailing gnd eleBionfare. 

Mark then the juft connexion of thefe two j If the calling, then 
the eleftion ; one of thefe doth neceflarily imply the other , many 
Thoufands are outwardly called, whe^^thave no right in Gods^ 
etemall eIe(%ion s hereisasmuchdijf(!:ren6eas between many aodt 
few 5 Biit where the heart is effcdually ca^ed home to God, by^ 
a true and lively farth apply ing^ the promifes of God, and layincj 
c!fe£hiall hold of Chrift, theit is certainly an cledlion. Dbubtlcfe 
there is much <)eceit and mif-pri(ion in the World this way s every 
Faith makes not an e&^all calling ', there is a(««f'^<) a Tem- 
porary, there is an inform, there is a counterfeit Faith. Many a- 
one thinks he hath the titWi'iiJiV, when it is bat an Image ftutf*c^ 
with gi^ates hatr j we know how deccitfull Mam heart is, and-^ 
how tu^iaing S^a tan is to gull urwith vain fh^wcs that hemay, hoW ^ 

. • • • ' - USi 


170 T/>« Chrijiians Ajfnrance of Heaven. 

< as afl^fram tme . and ioUd comforts;* But if there be falfe vfaitb 

wc know there are tme onee^ ; yea there could not be falfe, iLtkerc 

* were not a true one ; fo much more muft be our diligence to make 

f/hre work for our^aith, and by that, for our callings wtiich af« 

certaincd will evince our elo^on* As Men when they l^ar there are 

many conterfcit flips, and much washed and dipped coy ne abroad, 

. are the more carefull to turn ovcr>and ei^amine every peece that paf- 

feth through their hands. So then thofe whom God hath thus joyn- 

ed,neither Man nor X)cvil can put afunder, Our calling^d Ele^ion. 

Ttvee heads ^heii offer themfelves l^re to our preleiit difcourfe* 
X. Th4t our CalUvg ondEUBiMmMj he mAdefure. 2. That we onift 
endeavour to make them (lire. jly. How and by what means, wc 
may and mull endevor to affiire them. 

f^ for the firft of thefc, the verv charge and command it /elf 
implyesic* The juftice of God dot(i not ufe to xe^iuire impoffiblc 
.^ings from us s when therefore he bids us givt diligence to do it i 
what doth it imply but that by diligence it may be done : wliat will 
our diligence do inabuiinefs (hatt:annotJbe done, (hould a man be 
bidden to take care that he fly^ well,, or walk fteddily on his head, 
this would juftly found as a napckery } becaufe lie knowcs they are 
not feciblc: but when he is bidden to walk cffcumfped!y,and to take 
heed to his feet, it prcfuppofeth our ability, and require th our will 
.to performe it ;. and fo doth this precept here : Men are apt to 
imploy their wits to their own difadvantage $ The Romi(h Doftors 

have^en of late times very bufv to cry 
ii«»iF PoHtificfam nos ferTo dam- jjjovvn the poffibility of this certainty, they, 

namm & averfamur •, & ton ccf ^^^ ^^^^ ^U^ ^y^ fo^ ^H ProteftantS of 

dubitattoiive fiuQuatio, qun {far y^titic i cven thofe our bretha^n that 
tuuHt Vrntificii newiinem in bjc follow the fchool of j4rmini^^ arehetx^in 
vita cenitudine fidei cerium effi ( for the poffibility of our prefcnt certain- 

pjfefe gratiam apud Deum adep- xy ^ ) ^vith , and for US 5 **«x«r P^Htificim 
turn ejp. ^ifLhc ad frifentcm 

^uaiii^ntm^ ^is nijiriivlf banc F^ntifichrtan fententiamunquafu approbavit? Imo 
ut buic cahnrnia matvthohvidm ireiHus^inpropoiitUne fetitentU tuiflra^circa qvintvm 
articulumytxfertcprcfejsifunius^tbefiy. Verefidelem^utprp ttntpore praftnt^^de fidei 

<& confcieutia ]ua intfgritatecertumeffepopyitay& defuafalute^ &faIutiferaDei 
rrga ipfum bencvoUntia pr0 illo tempore certum effe poffe^ac dekercyaddentes infuper^ 

JoutipcifimfenteniUvi nos bUimj^roUre. Kemonjir. defenj.^ uarticuli*f.^l%. 


The Chri^ians'AffHrance of Heaven. 

C they are. thck own words )wiff«ay^im»^ CSr averfsmuri this 
popiih doubtfulne(s and irrelolutioa: we hate and condemn, &c« 
So as only the PMr/}&/4i^ Divines arein this point oppofue to us all 
( and not all of them neither ' Cntberimts is for . i») and . fomc ocbets 
come clofe to us* * •■ 

But the ftteam of them tuns the wtoi^ way j teaching that wo 
may hope well, and give good copjedures , and attain perhaps to 
a moral certitude of our prefcot acceptation, and future bkflcdnefs; 
but ch4t m affurance can be had hereof, nor ndiie ought to be af<* 
feiSicd wltbouc a (jpccial. revelation, as their St. jinthony^ ^utrancuj 
St. Cjiif 4, and fome few others have hadjthe contrary whereof their 
Efiim dare cenfure for perdtUy & per ^itrix Juwjis. Why will wife 
ixien 9Sk&. to be thus much their own enemies ? Is not falvatton the 
belt of good things ? Should not a man rather incline to wiih htm-- 
ielt well? VVbatplearure;thencanitbefora'man. to (land in his 
oWn light,and to ht niggardly to himfelf where God hath been boun« 
tifiill? to lUve htmfcU otf from that coo^for table certainty which 
God hath left in his poflibility to make good to his owne 

Let us then a little inquire into the ffiifiblenefs oi this great im-^ 
provement of our holy and Chri&ian diligence; And cettainly, if 
there be any let in the poflibility of this anurancc, it muft be cither 
bi our prefent faith, or in the perpetuation of it ; for in the con- 
nexion of a lively faith with falvation, it cannot be ; That he who 
eii^dhially believes, and perfevercs to the end (hall be faved, ncy 
man,no Devil can deny : all the doubt is whether the man can know 
that he doth thus believe, that he (hall continue fo to believe. And 
why fbould there be any doubt in cither of thefe ? I am fure for the 
firft J the chofcn vc{fcl could fay, / kmw whom I have believed^ 2 Tim. 
I. and fpeaks this not as an extraordinary perfon , ( an Apoftle ) 
but as a Chriftian s therein a^^rtning both the a£t of , his faith , and 
cheobjcAofit, and his knowlcdg of both j for whiles he faith, / 
kwm irfwm fhavf believed^ he doth m*effc£t fay, I know that I have 
believed, andl know \vhat I have bcUcved j God my Almighty 
Saviour is the rbj <Stofmy fa^tb, my faith layeth fure hoikl on this 
c^jc£l, and I know that my faith laies undoubted hold on this happy 
obje^, J know w^om I have helievcd i and why (hould not we la- 
bour to fay fo too f Some things the Apoftle did as a (ingular favo- 

Gg - ■ rue 


The Chriftians Ajfurance of Hidden. 

me ofHeavcii) of this kkidewere his raptures and irifiDos, diefe 
we may not afpire to imitate ; otfatr thii^slie did as an bdy man^ 
as a faitl^ttlChriftiaii, diefe mufi we propofe for our cxampfes v 
and indeed, .\idsy{hould not a man know he believes? What h 
there in faith (even as we define it ) but kno^idec^^afeni, applica- 
don^affiancCsOeceivine^^Clnft^wfai^ dm wc 

caanot know ? Suce^ theie^is power in tfae^ toexeidf^dicfe 
reflexe actions upan it felf« As it can kii0W things ( contrary to die 
fanatickicepticke ) foitcanknow that it kiwwes; Thefc iowml 
aftsof knewlodg, and underftaiidiiig ate to the i^nd, no edicr> 
then theaftsofourfeniittvepowers are untoomrfetiifes, ami a like 
certain judgment paflkdinpon both .* as therefore lean know diat 
Ihear, or mat I lee> or touchy fo can 1 no kife farety know 
that I do knaw, or nndetfland* 

And the objeft doth BO whit aim the ceruinty of the aft ; wU^ 
a divine ciiifli^gees upon BO k& evidence and aflkrance^ wfaymay 
notanuulasweUktiowtiMthe knowes a divine mKh ^ as ao hi* 
aune? ( - ^ 

^ The like is to be faid of thofe other fpecialties which are retfnrrd 
to ovrfiiuh ; Our £itth ai&nts to the tmth of Gods promifes sv^r 
fhbuldhihder the hean from knowii^ diatttdoth ailent ?Do not I 
know whether I believe a man on bis w«*d ? Why ibonld f not 
know the fame of God I when an honeft man hadi by his promiie^ 
ing^ed himfelf to me to do nde a good torne, do not I l»ow whe- 
ther 1 tmft to him^whether I make ufe of that favour in a confident 
teliance upon die performance of it ^ the cafe is the fame betwixt 
God and us j Only we may be fo much the mere infallibly afibrcd 
of the promifed mercies of our Goii^^y how much we do more know 
his unfailingnefs^ his unchangeablenefs. 

Yea fo fcdJe is this knowledge as that our Apoffle chargeth his 
CorinthiMshatne in this point, 2 C^. 13.5. Prme yomr fekes^ mbr. 
ther ye ie tM the faith i Trye yeur ftlvety kmmyen$ty9$$rgm»fdvei^^ 
€hriSlj4ftaui9t^ex€eftyibe Rtfr^kdtes i vphat €m$ h momfmllf 
To be in the faith is more then to believe ; it intimates an habit oif 
faith, that is more then an a^ ; Now what proof, what tryal can^ 
there be of our faith if we cannot know that we have fakh ? Surely 
a tryal doth ever prefuppofe a knowledge If aman didnofknow 
which were good goId,to what puipofe dfoth be go tp the Ttft ? 


The Chrijiians Affnrance of Heaven, 373 

Now ix>w dwells Chtift in OS but by Faiths So may they, (o 
mufttheykiiovrChriftcobe m than, that if diqf have hhn nor, 
chcy arc reprobates .* Andtftheykaow not they hare \aa\, they 
can have no comfbrtidde aflucance againft ifactc reprobation. 6ee 
then how emphatiddiaadM this crane tss He faith not, Goefs 
at your felves s but prove and try 7010: iehres ; (fe faith not, do yis 
HOC mocally conjdftBre ? but, do ye not know: He faith not, wbeth- 
crye hope well, but, v^ietfaer ye be in the Fakh; And that, not 
oF the Faidb of Miracles, as ChrfiBrnt, and rbnfjkiU8 ; nor of a 
Faidi of Qvifiiaa prt^effion, as jitfelm ; hx meh a Faith as 
whcrd3yChrift dwells in our hearts; He faidi not, Li^y, unlefs 
ycbeismtyf and worthy of faiam^ fanr, unlefrye be teptobates: 
The place is foilioakiiqgiycoiivi^ve^ cbic there can be no proba- 
ble chifion of ». 

Thelhiftof Gacdinal BelUrmme (wfaerem yethewould feem 
confident ) ts worthy of pity ;, duicthepkce had) no other drift 
but to imply the powetfipUptefence of Chrift amo^^ die Cirfl»> 
t^uvfS'y monglyoonfimiingthetrathoflusApeftle(hip; xtdaereby,. 
if diereweteanyfaidiataUtntbciny eacepcthey were givea up 
to a reprobate ienie, they inuft needs be convinoedl of the audioricy 
ofhis Miniflery ; for what wias this to Am beii^ ta the fatdi, 
. wheteofthey muftexamtne themielves ? or, who cm think that 
cobeintheiaidiisaonKveihentohaveanyfirith at all^ Nddicr 
doch the Apoftle fity, that Chrift is among yon, but in you; nei- 
ther could the not iamwii^ of Chrifls prefence annagft them by 
powerfiall A%ades, be a matter of reprobation > foasthts fenfeis 
unreafonably ftxained to no purpolc ; andfochas no judicious fyi* 
mcant«ftin, and dhis aft of our knowled^ is odcen for granted by 
him that works it in us. 

And indeed what queftion can diere be of this aft when God 

undertakes it in us > The Spttit tf 6*d wknefftA wiUr »mr Spiritfy 

^ wt^t the S0m tfatti, Rmr. S. 16. Can any Man doubt of 

thettuth<^ GodsTcramony J Certainly, he that is die God of 

truth eanaot biat^x^ o^"^ > ^^^ ^ witnedeth together with 

us. Yeafautyott fay, though he he tnse yet wc are deceitful}:^ 

and his 5^mt doth but witncfs aocordiflgco^raealureof our re- 

ceit, and capacity, wh^isvery poor and Ibnt, yea and perhaps 

^omctrtfui. Take heed, wfaoloever thou arr, leaft thou dif. 

C g » parage 


a 74 The Chrifiians Jjfurance of Heaven, 


par^e God^ whiles thou wouldft ahafe diy felf ; he wkneflctb 
together wirfi us.j The Spirit of ttuth will not witncfe with a Jying 
Spirit s vi^ere not therefore chat witnefs of ours iure;>he would check 
v$y andnocwimefswichus: Now what witnefs can he give with 
us, and to us if we do not hear him, if we do not know what be 
faies ; if we cannot be aflured of what he teftifies? Let no BeBar- 
mine fpeak now of an experiment of inward iweetnefs and peace 
which onely caufeth a conjedurall, and not an unfiling certainty' 
The Man hath foreot that this Teftimony is of the Spirit of adopdl 
on, whereby we.dailbt feem Sons, but are made fo, and are fo 
a{mred : and that it is not a guefs, but a witnefs $ and Laftly that 
there can be no true inward oeace out of mere con jedures. Yea, 
here is not onely the word oh God for its but hh feale ^ioi and 
not his feale only, buthisearneft; what can makea fiiture match 
more fare then hand and feale ? ahd here we have them botk a 
€tnr. !• 2 2. Whohathiealedus; Lo the promife was paft be- 
fore {verf. 20.)andthen yet more confirmed C^*) vtrf. 2 i.and 
nowpaftnaderfeale*^^'*"**^, verf. 22. 
'Yea but the pre&nt poiTcifipn is yet mote, and that is gtren us 

in part by our ifccavcd earneft,'^«*^-vW«. Earneftisa to 
wh^efore is it given but by a little to aifiire all ? ' 

In our crafl£^ons with Men, when we have an honefl Mans 
word for a bargain, wt think it fafe; butwhcnhfehand and fealc^ 
infallible ; bucwhen we have part in hand ahready, the contra«ft 
is paft, andBowwehoIdourrdvesAatedin the commodity what 
ever it be. And have we the promife, hand; fcaJe. ^«ntft of 
Gods Spirit, andnot£^eic, not feel it, hot know it ^ 

Shortly, whom will we believe if not Gad, and our fdves ? 
No Man knowes what is in Man, but the Spiric of God, and the 
Spirit of Mali that is in hini, as Sz. Paul to his Cm?ahidm. Yc 
have heard Gods Spirit 5 hear our own j out of our own moutbj 
Doth not every Chriftlan fay, I bdievc in God, &c. 1 believe in 
Jefus Chrift J I believe in the holy Ghoft 5 1 believe the Commu- 
nion of Saints, theforgivenefsot fins, and life Bywlafting? And 
doth he fay he believes when he believes not, or:v^it» he- knows 
not whether he believe, or no, what a mockery were i this of our 
Chriftian profefion ? Or, as the Ttfutrical evafion commonly is, 
is this only meant of an alfcm to mefe general trutbcs, that there 

The ChriHians Affurance of Hea^ven. 275 

is a God) a Saviour, a lan^titycr^ Saints , rcmilTion , falvacion , not 
a fpecial application of thefe feveral articles 10 the foul of him whofc ' 
tongue profcflcth it ? Surely then, the devil might fay the creed 
no Icfs confidently, then the grcatelt Saint upon Earth: There is 
no Devil in hel but believes ( not without regret) that thpre is a God 
chat made the World, a Saviour that redeemed it, a bkffed Spirit 
that reaewes it, a rcmiflion of fins, an eternal Salvation to thofe that 
are thus redeeoied > and regenerate } and if in the profeifion of 
our faith we go no further then Devils, how is this Symholum Cbri- 
StisHorum i To what purpofe do we fay our creed ? 

But if we know that we believe for the prefent, how know wc 

what we {ball do ? what may not alter to time ^ we know our own 

frailty and fickienc(te 3 what hold is there of us weak wretches, 

what aflurance for the future ? Surely, on our parr, none at all } 

If we be left never fo little to our felves, we are gone s on Gods 

part enough ; there is a double hand mutually imployed in our hold-* 

faft 3 Go£ and ours ; we lay hand on God j God laies hand on us s 

if our feeble hand fail him, yet his gracious and omnipotent hand 

will not fail JOS :^ven when we are loft in our felves, yet in him we 

are (afe 3 he hath naciouflyfaid, and will make it good ; I will not 

leave thee nor foriake thee : 7 be feed ^f God^ faith the beloved dif- 

d^lcjoh. 3. renuines in him tha is torn of God j fo as he cannot 

( «ito«Kivii«») trade in fin , as antinicgenerate, not lofe himfelf 

in finning ; fo as contrary to Card. Belfs^mines defocratc Logick, c- 

yen an aft ofinfidelity cannot mart his habit of faith sand though 

he be in himfelf, and in his fin guilty of death>yet through the mc tcy 

of his God, he is preferved from being fwallowed up of death j 

whiles he hah the feed of Gody he iithe Son of God i ^mtthe feed of God 

renuunts in him dhu^syes^ 

That of the great DoAor of the Gentiles is fwcet and cordiall, 
and in flead of all to this purpole ; ^0 fh^fepardte us from the love 
of Chrift ? fhdll tribulaion ^^fi^ '* &c. / am fully ferfwoded tbst 
vehherDeathyMr Life^ nor Angels^ nor PrincipslitieSy nor Powers^ nor 
things frefept y nor things to come^ nor height ^ nor deptby nor an ^ other 
Creature ]hall he. able to (efdrAie us from the love of God^ which is in 
Cbrifi Jef46 our Lord. Rom. 8.,39. Odivine oratory of the great A- 
pbfHe ! Oh the heavenly and irrefragable Logick of Gods Pen- 
Wan 1 it is the very (fieftion tha^ we have now 'm hand which he 
. f . there 


21 6 T^he Chrifiians Ajfurance of Heaven. 

there difcufles ; and falls upon this happy conclufion. That nothing 
can feparatc Gods eleft from his cvet Jailing love j he prevcs it by 
induction of the molt po wcrfiiU agents, and triumphes in the impo- 
\,xrncc5 and imprcvalency of them all ; and whiles he names the 
principalities and powers of darknels, what doth he but imply 
thofe lins alfo by which they work ? 

And this he laies not for himfelf only, (leaft any with Fererimy 
and fome other Jefuites, fhould harp upon a particdar Revcktion) 
^t who (hall feparate us ? he takes ns in with him ; and if he feem 
to pitch upon his own perfon in his ( »•«'*«» ) yet the fubjed of dn 
perfwaiion reacheth to all tnie beliKyers, Ihsit nothmg can ftfsrMe 
1/t^from the love of G$ciy which is in ChriH Jefm mr Lord : Us^ not as 
it is ayer-ftretched by BcMArmine and Kafpezy indefinitely:) for 
thofe that pitdeftinate in general, tut with an implyed applicatt* 
on of it to himfelf, and the believing Chriftiam to whom be wttte; 
Hie place is fo clear and fiiU, that all the mifetable and firanml 
Evanons of the Jefuiticall gainfayers cannot elude it ; but that it 
Viili carry any free and unprejudiced heart along with it ; and evince 
this comfortable truth, VlAx^ as for the prefent, fo for the future we 
may attain to be <afc for our fpirituall condition. 

What fpeak I of a fafety that may be, when the true believer 
is faved already } already paft froni death to Life s already diere* 
fore over the threfliold of Heaven. Shonly then our faidi may 
make our calling fure s our calling may make furc our ele^on ; 
and we may therefore confidently mild upon this^trutfa tkst tmr csl^ 
ling and<ltBion mdy be made fure. 

Now manv things may be done, that yet need not , yea that 
ought not to oe done i Thk both ou^ht and muft be indeavored,fQr 
the ncccflity, and benefit of it. Ims charge here as it imj^es the 
poffibiiity, fo it fignifies the convenience, ufe, profit, neoffity of 
this affecuration, for fure if it were not beneficiall to us, it would 
never be thus forceably urged upon us j And certainly there needs 
no grcatproof of this. For nature and our felf-love grounded there- 
upon eafily invites ustotheindeavouroffeoffingour felvesin any 
thing that is good ; this being then the higl^ good that the 
Soul of Man can be poflibly enable of, to be ^certamed of Salva- 
tion, it will foon follow, tfiat fince it may be done, we Aall refolve 
it ought, it muft be indeavored to be done. 


f t* 


The Chrijiidns Ajpirance of Heaven. 277 

■w " __ — J 

IndiSkrcnt things, and fuch as without which wc rnay well fubfifl: 
are icfc arbitrary to us s but thofe things wherein our fpirituall wellr 
bein^ coofifteth muft be mainly laboured for s neither can any con- 
tention be too oiuch to attain them ; fuch is this wc have in hand ; 
without which there can be no firm peace, no confUnt, and folid 
comfort to the Soul of Man } Three things then call us to the indea- 
vor of this oi&rance s our duty, our advanuge, eur danger. 

Wcnwftdokout of duty; becaufe our God bids us; Gods 
aHnnaamds]kcthcfrer0gMives of Princxsmuft not be too ftri«!lly 
fcaon6d } (hould he require ought that might be lofle-full, or pre- 
judiciall to ns, our blindfold wedienoe muft undertake it with 
cherefblnefle s bow much more then, when he calls for that from 
usy then which nothing can be ira^ined of more, orequall behoof 
to the SouL It is enough therefore that God by his Apoftle com* 
mands ui to Give diligence t$ nuke $ur csiii^ and eleSiM fure ; 
Our Heavenly Fadier bids us, what fons are we i( we obey him 
not? Our b!e(iedMafter bids us, what Servants are we if we fet 
not our (elves to obferve his chargt ? our elonous and immortal! 
King tddsus, whatfubjeiSbare we if we Itick at his in junction ? 
out of mere duty therefore we muft indeavour to make mt cdUng^end 
eUBioH fure. 

Even where we owe no duty, oftentimes advantage drawes us 
on ; yea many times acrofs thofe duties which we owe to God 
and Mans hoW much more where our duty is feconded with fuch 
an advantage, as is not paralldable in all the World bcfide. 
- WhatldOle, what other followes upon this affiirance truly at* 
tatned but peace of conicience, and joy in the holy Ghoft^ in one 
word, the beginkg of Heaven in theiouL 

What a contentment doth the heart of Man find in the fccunng 
of any whatfoever good I what a coyle do mony-Maffcrs keep for 
fccurity of the (iammes they put forth j and when that \^ taken to , 
their mind are ready to fay with the rich Man in thcGofpel, Soul 
take thy eafe. Great venturers M Sea how willingly do they part 
with no fmall part of their hoped gain to be allured of the reft^ 
How well was Ezekiah appaid^ when he was aflured but of fifteen© 
ycar«td4cd to his life ? How doth Batykn sipphnd her own happi* 
acfito he>felf, when fhc can fay, I fit at a Q^een^ I fhall not he 
^widdnp^^I^aUkmn? nojirroj^: Jifwft needs follow therefore tha^ in 



ci 7 8 The Chriflians Affnrancc of Heaven^ 

the bcft things aCfurcd there mull be the grcatcft of all poffibic con' 

And furcly, if the heart have once attained to this , that upon 
^ goud grounds it can refolve, God is my Father, Chrift Jefus is my 
^ Elder Brother, the Angels are my Guardians i Heaven is my ,un- 
tloubtcd patrimony, how muft it needs be lift up, and fiJled witha 
joy unfpcakable and glorious i What bold defiances can it bid to aU 
the troupes of world! ye vik, to all the powers of Hell? with what 
unconceiveable fwectnefs muft it needs in joy God, and it fclf/ how 
comfortably and refolucely muft it needs welcome death, with that 
triumphant champion of Chrift, I have fought i^ good fight^ I havefi* 
mjhfdmjcourfey / have kept the fatth^ Md ffO0 from he^e forth there ii 
Uidupfor me 4 crown ofrighteoup^p^ &c. 2. Tim. 4. 7, 8. Our of the 
juft advantage therefore of this affiirance wc muft endeavoar 
t d mdie our caSing and eleBion fure. 

Neither is the advantage more in* tiic performance hereof then 
'^ there is danger in the neglcd. In all uncertainties there is a kindc 
of afflidivc fear , and troublefomemif-doubt-: Let a man wall^in 
the dark, becaufe he cannot be confident where fafely to fet his fteps, 
be IS troubled with a continual fuf picion of a fuddain mif-caria^e , 
and therefore.goes in pain ; what can there be but difcomfort in that 
foul which knowes not in what termes it ftands with God ? Yet, 
whiles there is life, there may be hope of better 5 But if that foul 
fee furprifed with an unexpcfted death, and hurried away with 
fome fuddain judgment, in this ftatc of irrefolution, in howdepjo* 
red a condition is it beyond all expreffion ? I cannot but therefore la* 
ment the woful plight of thofc poor fouls that live & die under the 
Roman difcipline,who when they have moft need of comfort in the 
very adt of their diflblution are left pitifully difconfolate, and given 
up by their teachers to either horror, or fufpence. Even the moft 
Saint-like of them 5 ( except his foul fly up in Martyrdom like Gede- 
ons Angel in the Smoke of his incenfe ) may not make account of a 
fpeedy afcent to heaven s infomuch as Cardinal Bellarpnine himfelf, 
ofwhom our CflfjjJ?/; dares write that his life was not ftayned with 
mortal fin, (pa^^.iy.) He that could call heaven Cafamisi and 
whofe canonization the Cardinals thought fit to be talked of in his 
ficknefsjwhen Cc rdinal Mloyrandino denred him,that when he came 
to heaven he would pray for him, anfwered , To go to heaven (o 



Tbc Chnflians Ajpitartce of Tiea^vcn. a 7p 

loon is a matter too great for me ; men do not ufc to come thither 
in fuch haft , and for me , 1 (hall think it no fmall favour 
to be fure of purgatory, and there to remain a good yvhUcipag^/^i.) 
C which yet ( himfcif can fay ) differs not much, for the time, in rc- 
fpcA of the extremity of it, from hell it fclf ) and to be a good while 
there ? O terror paft all reach of our thoughts j jihd if the righteous 
le thusfavedy where jbsU thefirmers of fear > 

For ought they can, or may know ihcU may, but purgatory 
muft be their portion, heaven may not be thought of without too 
high prefumption. 

Certainly if many defpair under thofc uncomfortable hands I 
wonder that no^ore s (ince they are bidden to doubt, and beaten 
o£F from any poffibility of tfac confidence of lell and happi-* 

But whiles 1 urge thisdanger of utter difcomfort in our irreioluti- 
on ; I hear our adverfaries talke of a double danger of the contrary 
certitude s A danger of pride, and a danger of floth. The fup« 
pofed certainty of our graces breeds pride faith their Cardinal ; The 
ailuranceofourclc^on, floth, faith their jilphonfusa Ca^ro^ out 

And indeed if this cordial do^ine be not well given, well taken, 
well digefted, it may, through our priavity, and heedUeinefs turnc 
to both chefe noxious humors jas the higheit feeding iboneft caufeth a 
dangerous Plethory in the body .How have we heard fome 1x)ld un- 
grounded Chriftians brag of their afluranceofglory, as if they had 
carried the kcyes of heaven at their Girdle^How have we feen even 
fenfual men flatter themfelvcs with a confident opinion of their un- 
doubted fafety j& unfailable right to happincfs^How have we known 
prefumpcuous Spirits that have thought themfelves carried with 
a plerophory of faith when their failes have been fwellcd only with 
the winde of their own felf-lovc? how many ignorant foulcs from 
the mif-prifionofGods infallible election have argued the needlefs* 
ncffe ef their indeavours, and the fafety of their eafe and ncg*lc6t ? 
As yc love your felves, faU warily, betwixt thcfe rocks and fands o» 

But it thefc mifchiefs follow upon the abufe of a found and 
wholfome doifbrine, God forbid fhey (hould be imputed to the 
trmhitfelfj as ifthatGodwho charges us to do our indcvour to 

Hh make 

aSo 'The Chriftians Ajfurattce ofHea^^en. 

make fiure work of our calling tndcleftion did not well fcrefec the 
perills of chcfe mif-takings s and if nocwichftanding the previfion 
of thcfe errors his infinite wifdom hath thought fit to injoyne this 
task, haw fafe how neccflary is ic for us to perform it ? Did thefe 
evils flow from the nature of the doctrine, we had reafon to diT- 
claim it J hut now that they flow from the cormptionof our na- 
ture, fetching evill out of good, we have reafon to embrace the 
do^ne, and to check our (elves. 

What a fclandcr is this? Doth the known certainty of our graces 
breed pride ?Surely,did we challenge thefe graces for our own,there 
might be fome fear of this vice^but whiles we yield them to bcGods^ 
how can we be pui$^t up ; what a madnesis it in a Man to be proud 
of anothers glory ? It is a great word of the ApofUe I cmeh aR 
r/?/iBg5, but when he adds, ^/;rtfi(rgfefo*« that ^reimhens me^ now, the 
' praife. is all Gods, and not his ^ now,- be DoaflTs all of God, nothing 
of himfelf J No, prefumption b proud, but faith is humble. There 
can be no true faitn without repentance ;^ no repentancc^wirhoat 
felf-dejt^kion. Yea, the very jfroper bafis of all grace whatfocvcr 
is humUity i much more of faith s fince a Man cannot fo nrncb as 
apprehend that he hath need of a Saviour, till he be vile in his own 
eyes , and loft in his own conceit. Yea fo farr is the known cer- 
tainty of grace from working pride, as that it b certain there can be 
no grace, where there \% pride of grace ; fo as whiles Gteger^ can 
UySifiimm ms habere gratiam^ fuferhimm , If we know we have 
grace, we are proud s I (hall by a contrary inverfion not fear to 
lay J Si fuferbimus^Jcimus noi non habere gratiamy If we be proud,, 
we know we have no grace. 

Sloth and fecurity is the more probable vict y why may not the 
fpirituall flug^ard fay ; If Ibe fure of my calling and ele6hon, and 
Gods decree is unchangeable, what need I care for more ffit dowtSy 
fiul^ af$d take thine eaft ; ut quid ferditio hdc i To what purpofe doft 
thou macerate thy felf with the penall works of an auftcre morti- 
fication i what needeft thou toile thy felf in the bufie labours of 
^^conftant devotion^ what need thefe arduous prayers, tiiefe 
n-equcnt fermonings, thefe importune communicatings ^i^ thju 
canft be but fure of tlune cledion ; thou art fo already ; fit down 
now my /oul, and take not thy fafe only but thy pleafure jlct ihy 
felf freely loofe to thofc contentments, wherein others feck and 



The Chriftians Affurancc of Hea^jn. aS i 

find felicity i Be happy here, fincc thou anft not but be fo Ixrc- 

A Mia might perhaps ipcak thus^ but caa a believer fay (6} 
Whole faith quells the very thought of this pernicious fecurity ; 
and excites him CQore to a careiuil indeavour of all good adion^^^ 
then reward can the ambitious^ or fear the cowardly ? Lo tlis 
Man will be fure to do fo much more good, by how much he is 
more (iire of hiscledtion i and will be more afraid of fin^ then ano- 
ther is of hell } He well knows the infeparable connexion betwixt 
the cn4> and the means, and cannot dream of obtaining the one, 
without the other 5 he knows that mortification of his corruptions, 
and thelife and excrcifeof grace are the happy cSlAs of his gracious 
and oternall eleftioB« If he look to hts calling, he meets with that 

of the Apoftle, m^recdledy n^tto nnckMenefSy tut to hdlitfp^ i 
Thef. 4* 7. If to his eUaioii i m sre chofen that ipc might U hJj^ ani 
without hUme hefori him i» Ifnty Ephef. j. j. Both'callins and c* 
legion call him to nothing but hoiincfs 5 aai he will more bufie 
himfelfio the duties of piety, charity, juttice, cut of love, then a 
iervile nature would out of .conftraint j and will do more gooc*, 
becaufe he is elected, dicn a mercenary difpofition would do, that 
he might be clewed s and will be more carehiU to avoid fin, be- . 
caufene makes account of Heaven, then a ilavifh mind can, or 
willbcthathemayavoidhell J £z^*/W; hath fifteen years promi- 
(ed to be added to his life ; he is fure God cannot deceive him j 
what then ? doth he fay j though I take no fuftenance I (hall live ; 
let me take poyfon: let me ran into fire or water, or upon the 
fword of an enemy, fifteen years is my fttnt, which can no more be 
abtklged) then pit^ong;ed j I will never trouble my fclf with Eat- 
ing, or Drinking, I will rufh fearlefly upon all dangers ? none 
ot thefe, he that knows he Aull live, knows he muft live by meansj 
and therefore feeds moderately, demeans himfelf no lefle carefully 
that he may live, then any other whofe life is uncertain. It is for 
ignorant Turks to make fo ill ufe of their predeflination, that be- 
caofe their deftiny is written in their foreheads } they need not 
regard danger, but may fecurely flecp upon the pillow of him that 
died the day before of tne plague : wifemen know that divine pro- 
vidence^is no exemption ot our beft care. 
It cannot ftand with a true favourite of Heaven to make fo ill 

Hha ufc 


^82 The Cbr/fiians Affurance ofH^a^en. 

ufc of Gods mercies, as to be cvill 3 becaufc he i% ^ood ; to be fc- 
cure, becaufe he is bountiful! and unchangeable j what rcn)ain€& 
then? but that cut of our duty to the command, out of our fenfe ot 
.the advantage, out of our care to ftiunthe danger of the ncgkft, 
we (hould ftir up our felveSjby all means poffible,to make our calling- 
and elcAion fure. Away with our poor and petty cares wherewith 
our hearts are commonly taken up : One cares to tnake his houfe, 
or his coffers fure with bolts and bars ; another cares to make his 
mony lure by good bonds and Counter-bonds 5 another his cftate 
fure to his pofterity by conveyances andFines 5 Another his ad- 
venture fure by a warypre-contraft J Alas what forry wortHefs 
things are thefe in comparifon of eternity ? And what a flippery 
fecurity is that which our utmoft indcavours can procure us in 
tbcfetianfitoryandunfatisfying matters? Oh our miferable fot- 
tilhnefs if whiles we arc ftuclioufly careful! for the fc bafe petiChing 
affaires, we continue willing unthrifts in the main and everlafting 
provifion for our fouls ! 

Religion gives no countenance to ill-husbandry, be catefull to 
make your houfcs fure ; but be more careful I to make lure of your 
etcrnall manfions ; be careful! for your earthly wealth, but We 
more careful! of thitreafurcs laid up in Heaven. Be careful! of 
your cilate here, but be more careful! of tliat glorious patrimony 

Briefly j be careful to live well here, be more careful to live hap- 
pily for ever. 

Yc have feen that we mav, and tliat we muilindeavour to mske 
fure pur calUi^ Md eleBsM : Ournext work is to fhew how and by 
what means they may , and mufl be indeavoured to be affiir^d* 

In forae few Greek copies, which RoL Steven had feen, or in 
two copies, as5(?z4founait, otm Aliiiuo codice^ as^4r/4«4,thcre 
is an addition of words to; the text^« * «ix«i^o> -, jfy g^^ works ; 
The vulvar reads it thus, and the Council of Trent cites it thus, and 
fosne oteurs; fo the text runs thus : Give diligence thsst iy gmd worts 
ye may make your cMng md eleBionfure : I inquire not how dulvj but 
certainly there is no caufe that we fhould fear, or diflikc this read- 
ing : good works are a notable confirmation to the foul of the 
truth of our calling and eleAion: Though Cardinal BeUsrmmv£akx:% 
ill ufe of the place j ftriving liereupon to infcrrc that our certitude 



The Cbriftians Affurance of Heaven. . 128 

*— T^ > \ r- ■ 

is therefore but con jcftural 5 bccaufc it is of works j For the folu- 
tion whereof, juttlyniay we woftdcrtohcarofa conjedural certi- 
tude. Certainly we may as well hear of a falfe-truth 5 what a 
plain implication is here of a palpable coniradiftion ? Thofe things 
^hich we conjcihire at, are only probable, and there can be bo cer- 
tainty in probability. Aj/vay with thcfe blinde pcradventurcs ; had 
0ur Apt>ttlc faid ( and he knew how to fpeak ) p;ueflc at your cal- 
ling and eledion by good works, his game here had been tair ; but 
How when lie faies : By good works indeavour to make your callw^ Md 
eleBionfurey how clearly doth he difc!aim a dubious hit l-nai(&-I ; 
and implies a feciblc certainty. And indeed what hinders the con- 
nection of this aflurance ? Our works niake good the truth of our 
faith, our faith makes good our effcdhial.callingy our calling makes 
good our el(:£tion, therefore even by good works we make our e- 
Icftion fure. Neither can it hurt as,that the Cardinal faith we hold 
thiscertainty to be before our good works, not after themj and 
therefore that is not caufed by our good works. We itand. not 
nicely to diftinguilh how things fUndin the order of nature ; furely 
this certainty is both befoBg. , and after our works , before in the 
a£t of our faithjafter in ou{ works, confirming our faith; neither do 
wc fay this certainty is ca\ifcd by our good works, but confirmed 
by them ; neither doth this («»c«i«»f) imply alwaics a thin^ 
before uncertain ( as learned Cham/tr well ) but the completing ana 
makingupofathir^/ure before. To which alfo mull be added 
that tnefc ( <^««*) good works muft be taken in the largcft 
latitude j fo as to fetchln not only the outward good offices that 
fall from us in the way whether of our charity, juftice or devotion, 
but the very inmoft inclinations , and actions of the (oul, tending 
towards Godjour believing in him^our loving of hira,our dreading of 
his infinite Majeflyjour mortification of our corrupt affeiSlions, our 
)oy in the holy Ghoflj& whatfoever elfe may argue or make us holy: 
Tnefc are the means by which we may,and muft endeavor to make 
our calling & eIe<ftion fure. But to let this ckufe pafTe as litigious sthc 
undoubted vvords of the text goe no lefs j If it do theft tUngsye fhaS 
never Mh {'^^) thefc things, arc the venues precedently men- 
tioned; and not falling, is equivalent to afcertainingourcallingand 
cleAioni Not to inftance tnen, and urore thofe many graces which 
are here fpecifiedy I (hall content my fel£ with thofe three Theolo-^ 


Ml I »ii I ■ I ■ I m " I I ■ I .1 II ■ ■ ■ I 11 .... I —^ — — 

484 TheChrifliansAffnranccoflieawn. 

gical venues ( (ingkd out from the reft) faith^ hope, chancy, for 
; the-makeing fure our calling and elcfticn. 

For faith, how dear is that of our Saviour, He that leUeves ib 

lUmthstfem me^ luktk evnlafling Uffy and fbaU mt cop^ intQ cendem- 

^fiation^ hut ha'}) fo^ed from death to life j Jih. 5, 24. This is the grace 

^j mhich Chrijt dffels in outcheartSy Ejjef,^. 17. and wheitby we have 

^<:ommunion with Chrift, and an aiuircd teAimony of and frofn him j 

For he that lelieveth in the Son of Gad hath the witnefs in himfelf^ 1 Jdm 

5. 10. And what witnefs is that ? this is the record that God hath giv^ 

tnus ettrnalUife^ andthis life is inhis Son^verje 11. He that hatb the 

Son hath lifa^ verfe. 1 x. See what a connc^on here is, Eternal life 

firft :this life eternal i% in and byChrift jefus ^ this Jcfus is ours by 

faith } This ^Faith witnefleth to our fouls our aflurance of Life 


Our hope is next , which is an (««itw<^«v ) a thtuftiag out of 
the head to look for (he perfojtntiig of that which our faitn appie-- 
hends; and this is fo fure a grace as that it is called by the name of 
that glory which it cicpcfteth, Cokf. i. 5^ For tU hofefake winch te 
hid uf for you in htaven^ that is, for the glory we hope for: Now 
both faith and hope are of a cleanfing natures both agree in this,P/yr 
rifjing their hearts Ij faithy AH. i ^.^.Every ^ that hath this hopefMrify^ 
^:h hifnjelfeven as he Ufure^ i /•fc. 3. 3.Tne DevD is'an unclean S^im^ 
hefoulcswherefocvcr becomes, and all (In is nafhr, and bca^ly : 
Faith and hope ( like as neat hufwiyes whenthev come into afoul 
and fluttifh houie ) cleanfe all the roomes of the foul } and make 
it a 6t habitation for the Spirit of God, Are our hearts lifted up 
then in a comfort^Ie cxpc^tion of the performance of Cods 
merdfial promifes ? and are they together with our lives fwcpt and 
xleanfcd from the wonted corruptions of our nature, and polJuti- 
uons of our fin } this is an undoubted evidence of our calling and e* 

Charity is the latl which comprehends our love both to God and 
^an, for fr6m the reflexion <h Gods love to us , there arifeth a 
love from us to God again : The beloved Difciple can fay, we love 
himlfcaufehelovedi^sprffy ijohn/^. ip. And from both thefe, rc* 
fulteth our love to our brethren, which is fo full an evidence that 
(Mt Apofik teUs us y we knojpo^e are faffed from death to life ^ lecaiJe 
m love the brethren^ i Job. 3. t^ F^ the lovp of the Father is infer 



The Chriflians Affurancc of Heaven. aS > 

parable from che love of the Son; he that loves him that begets^ 
loves him that is begotten o^ him. 

Shortly then, think not oif a ladder to cl'mbe np into heaven to 
fearch the books of God. 

Firft look into your own lives ; thofe are moll open, we need 
fio locks or keyes to them : the^Pfalmift in his fifthtecnth , will tell 
you who is for that blilleful 5ion ^ are your lives innocent, are your 
works good and holy, do ye abound in the fiuiies of piety, juWicc, 
Gi)riilian compaf&on i Le^thefe be your firft tryall , it. is a flat and 
plain word of the divine Apoftle, whofoever d$th not ri^hteouf/^efs^ is 
mt cfGoJy I Jfhfi 3. lo. Look fecondly into your own bofomes, 
open to none but your own eyes. If ye nndtherea true and lively 
fsLithin the Son of God,by wnpfe blood ye are cleanfed from all your 
fins 5 by vertuo whereof ye can cry, AhU Fatben a fure hope in 
Chrift purifying your fouls from your corruptions, a true and un- 
fiiinedlove to your God and Saviour who hach done fo much for 
yourfoules, fo as you dare fay, with 'that fervent Apoftlc, Lord 
thmkmmt^ thM tUve thee^ and m him, and for his fake, a fincere 
love to his cluldren, as fuch : Not as men, not as witty, wife , no- 
ble, rich, bountiful, ufeful, but as Chriftians fhowingit felf in all 
real expreflions ; Thefe, thefe are excellent and irrefragable proofs, 
and evictions of your calling and eleftion. Seek for thefe in your 
hearts and hands, and feek for them till ye finde them, and when 
ye have found them make muchofthem as the invaluable favours 
of God, and labour for a continual increafe of them, and a growch 
m this heavenly afiEirance by thefln« 

What need I urge any motives to ftir u p your Chriftian care and 
diligence ? Do but look firftbehindc you,fee but how murfi pretious 
time wc have already loft^how have we loitered hitherto in our great 
work ? Bernards aoeftiqn is fit ftill to be asked by us of our fouls, 
Birn^Lrdcy ad qtiia venifii ? Wherefore are we here lyon eanh ? To 
pamper our Gut ? To tend our hide ? To wallow in all voluptuous 
courics? To (crape up the pelf of the Worlds As if the only end of 
our bcin^ were carnal pleafure, wordly profit^ Oh bafc and un- 
worthy thoughts !' What do wc with reafon if we be thus proftitut- 
ed? It is for beafts, which have no foul, to be all for fcnfe. For 
us, that have ratiocination, and pretend grace, we know we are 
here but in a thorowfare to another world, and all the main task 


285 The Chri^ians Ajfnrance of Hea^ven. 


wc have to do here in this life, £5 to provide for a better ; Oh then, 
let us recollect our fclvcs at the lalt , and redeem the time j and o- 
ver-looking this vain and worthlefs Wo»ld bend all our bcft indca- 
vours to make furc work for eternity. 

Look fecondly before you j and fee the fhortnefs, and uncer- 
tainty of this, which wccall a life j what day is there that may 
not be our laft ? what hour is there that we can make account of 
as certain ? And think how many Worlds the dying Man would 
give ( in the late confciencc of a carelefs life ) for but ont day 
more to do his ncglefied work? and (hall we wilfully be prodigall of 
this happy leafure and liberty, and knowingly mzanifowoful], 
and irremediable a furprifall. 

Look thirdly below you j and fee the horror of that dreadfull 
place of torment, which is the unavoydable portion of carelefs and 
unreclaimablc finners j confider the extremity, the eternity of 
thofe toroircs, which in vain the fecure heart flcightly hoped to 

Look laftly, above you, and fee whether that Heaven ( whofc 
ouc-fide we behold ) be not worthy of our utmoft ambition, of our 
moft zealous, and cffe^auall endeavours ; , 

Do we not thiiik, there is pleafure, and happinefs enough in 
that region of glory and bleflcdnefs, to make abundant amend? for 
all our felf-combats, for all our tasks of dutyfuU fcrvicc, for all our 
painfull excrcifcs of mortification.^ Oh then, let us earneftly, and 
unwcariably afpire thither, and think all the time loft, that wc 
imploy not in the endeavour of making fiirc of that blefled and e- 
tcrnall inheritance 5 To the full poffemon whereof, he that hath 
psrchafed it for us by his mol^ precious blood in his good time hap- 
pily bring us. Amen.' 


•' M ill , • 

• f 

A Plain and Familiar Explication 





Body and Blood, 

Out of the Dodlrine of the Church of 


For the fatisfytng ofa Scrupulous Friend. 

AttHp I 6 3 I. 

•* W wi ^1^ 


Hat Chrift Jefus our Lord is trtilv pr^fent^ and re« 
ccivcd in the ble£^ Sacrament of nis body and bloody 
is fo dear ajid univerfally agreed upon, that he can be 
no Cbriftian that deists it. But in what manner he is- 
both prefcnt and received is a point that hath exercifed 
many wits, and coft many thoufand lives ; and fuch as fomc 
Orthodox Divines are wont to cxprefs with a kind of fciuple, as not 
dating to fpeak out s For me, as I have learned to lay my hand on 

li ^ 

i*ii**"^— I > a ifc 


* M fcl 

my moutb where God and his Church have been iilcnt^tad to adoie 
thofe myfteries which I cannot comprehend, fo I think it is poilibic 
we may wrong cwir felves in an oYcr-cauticus fear of.- delivering fiaf- 
ficicntly-rcvealed truths 5 fuch I take this to be which we have in 
hand ; wherein as God hath ndt'been fpafing to declare himfelf in 
hiswerd^ flbcheX^horchof ^^^*^ oki- dear Mother hath freely 
opened her fclf in (uch fort as jffhc meant to meet with the fixture 
fcTuples of an over-tender ppfterity. . 
; Certainly there can be wt two wayes wherein he can be imagi- 
{ ned tobe prefent, and itceived ; ekher corporally, or fpiritually : 
That he flfiould be oorpaally prefcntat once, in every part of eve- 
'^ ry Euchariftical Element threugh the World, is fuch a Monfter of 
opinion as utterly overthrowes t|3C truth of his humane body^ de« 
ftroyes the nature of a Sacrament, implies a world of conrradi<5Vi- 
ons, (yaffles right reai^n^' traofcends all faiths arid inihott^ con- 
founds FletverrandBatth *, as we might e&fily (how in all particu* 
lars if it were the drift of my difcourfe to meddle with thofe which 
profefs themfelves not ours : who yet do no lefs then wc cry down 
the grofs.and Gtperflaitkal ei^tcfiion whkh thek Pope JV/- 
cheUi ptefcribed to Berengmm s and cannot but confefs that their 
own Card. BelUrmine advifes tHs phrftfc of Chrifts corporal! prc- 
fence (hould be very fpaiingly, ana warily taken up in the hearii^ 
of their people : but my intention only is to fatisfic thofe Sons of 
the Church,who,difclaimiiig from all opinion of Tranfubftantiarion, 
do yet willingly imbrace a kind of irrefolution in this point, as hold* 
«ig it fafeft not to inquire into the manner of Chrifts prefence. 

What fhould be guilty of this nice doubtfulncfs 1 cannot conceive, 
unlefsitbe a- mifconftiuftion of thofe broad fpceches, which an- 
tiquity ( not fufpc^ing fo unlikely commentaries) hath upon all 
occafions been wont to let fall concerning thefe awful myfteriesJor 
what thofe Oractesof the Churith haveidivinely fpokcn in reverence 
to the Sacramental union of the %ney and the thing fenified m 
thisfacred bufinefs, hath been ndftakeri, as ^terallyaiid properly 
meant to be predicated of thebntwatd Element : hence have erown 
thofe dangerous eirors, and diatinex{4acablc confufion whicnhath 
fince infefted the Church. 
\ When all is faid, nothii^ can be moie clear, then that in refpcift 
] of bodily profrocc the Ueavons muft contain the glorified humanity 

usfecking tor his glorious body here pelow; He is ^ctndedy he i^mi 
ber^ i It ihodd abfolmely Ibfi; the nzmtt of an humane bwty jf it Mtff.16,. 
ihould noc be ciantnferiptible. GIoriEcation doth not bereave it 6. 
of die cnith of being what it is. It is a true humane body, and 
^refore can no more according to the natural being even of a body 
gliDtifird, be many wheres at once , th^ ^cording to his perfonal, 
l^g it can be feparatcd from that Godhead which is at onc^ every 
where i Let it be therefore ftrmly fetled in our fouls as aa un- 
doubted truth. That the humane body of Chrift in refpeft of ,corpo- \ 
tal prdcncc is in Heaven, whither lie viRbly afcendcd. and where; | 
he fits on the right band of the Father, and vvhence he fnall come a- 
gain with ^ory : a pisircel of our Greed which the Church Icaxn't of i 
iht Angels in Mooftt O/n/rt j who taught the gazing difciples that ' 
this fame Jefus vvhich was taken up from rhem into Heaven, (hall 
& come in like manner as tkey faw him go into Heaven, wHch was 
with wonderful! glory and dia^ificcnce. Far be it from us then to 
tfaink chat the UdOfed-bumanity of the Son o^ God fhould fo difpa^ 
rage it felf, as where there is neither neceflity nor wfe of a booily » 
dcfcenttoftealedown,andconvei^h himfelt infenfibly from Hca* \ 
vcn to Earth daily, and to hide up nis whole facred body in an hun- ^^ 
died thoufand'fcveral pixes at once. 

It is a wonder that fuperflition it fcif is not afhamed of fo abfurd 
and impoffible a fancy 5 which it is in vain for Men to think they ; 
carifalveup with a pretence of omtopotence : wequcftion not the 
power of God, but his will : and do well knpw he cannot will ab- 
fohice contradi^ions, Deus hocmemer mn^oti^^ as one faid truly. . 

That which we fay of Chrifts prefence,nolds no lefs of his recep- , 
tionj for fo do we receive him into us,as he is prefent with us^neithcr \ 
can we corporally receive that which is bodily ablent : althouji^h bc- 
fides the common incongruity of opinion, the corporal receiving of 
' Chrift hathin it a further prodigioufnefs, and horrour: aUtherso- 
vices of the Roman Schools are now afham'^ of their Popes Dentibm 
tmtur^ but when their Dolors have made the beft of their own 
Tcnent, they cannot avoid St. AuBins fldgitium videtwr frdcipere j 

% how much the humane fliefh is and ought to be mor^ dear, by fo 

li a much , 


II ■ ■!■» mw 

our foules washed through his mofk precious blood i aod diac we 
may ever dwell in him^nd he in us. 

Implying) that (o doth our mouth and ftomach receive the bread 
and wine as that in the mean time our fouls receive the fle(h, and 
the blood of Chrift s now the foul is not capable of receiving flcHi 
and blood but by the power of that grace of faith which appropri- 
ates it : But that we may clearly apprehend how thefe Sacnunental 
ads and objects are both diftingut(hed, and united^ fo ts there may 
be no danger of either feparadon or confufioo^thac whidi foUowetn 
in the conlcaatory prayer, is mc^ evident ; Hear us O mercifal 
father we befecch tnee, and grant that we lecetviag theie thy crea* 
tures of bread and wine, according to diy Son our Saviour Jefixs 
Chrifts holy inftitution, in remembranoe of his death and pamon, 
may be partakers of his moftblefled body and blood, who in the 
fame night that he was betrayed, twk heid , snd whtM be bad grven 
ihanks be hike it Mdgsve-h te hit difcifles^ f^ji^ > TJte^ eM^ tins is my 
ioJy v^Hcb is given for yoMy dotbisimremendnrMice ofmt. 

What more can be faid ? what come we to receive outwardly I 
The Creatures of bread and wine ? To v^t vfk ? In remembrance 
of Chrifts death and paiTion ? what do we the whiles receive in- 
wardly ? we are thereby made partakers of his moft blefled body 
and blood : by what means dotn this come about ? By virtue of cur 
Saviours holy inftimtion : ftill it is bread and wine in refped of che 
nature and ellcnce of ir, but fo that in the fpiritual ufe or iz^ it con- 
veyes to the faithful receiver, the body and blood of Chrift; 
Wead and wine is offered to my eye and hand,& Chrift is tendred to 
my foul. Which yet is more fimv ( if polfiUy it may be ) cKprel- 
ied in the form of words prefcribed in the delivery of the bread and 
wine to the communicant.Thc body of our Lord Jefus Chrift which 
was given for thce,prefcrve thy body & foul into everla(ting life,and 
take and eat this in remembrance that Chrift dyed for thee, and 
feed on him in thine heart by faith with thanksgiving, &c. No 
^lofs in the world can make the words more full and pet^picuous : 
So do we in remembrance of Chrifts death take and ear the {^ctsl" 
mental bread with our mouths, as that our heartsdo feed upcm the 
body of Chrift by our faith. And what is this feeding upon Ckift ? 
but a com&rtable application of Chrift and his benehti to our fouls ? 
Which is y asthe prayer next foHowing expreifes ii^ Tliendo 




we feed on Chrift, when by the bieffed merits and deach of our blcf- 
fcd Saviour^ and through faith in his blood we do obtain rcmiflion 
of our fins^ and all other benefits of his paffion and are fulfilled with 
his grace, and heavenly bencdiiSlion : Or if we defire amoi^ ample 
commentary upon this facramental repaft , and the nouriftimcnt 
thereby received, the prayer enfuing offers it unto us in^hefe words. 
We moft heartily thank thee, for that thou haft vouchfafcd to feed 
us which have duely received thefe holy myfieries with the fpititual 
food of the Kioft precious body and blood of thy Son our Saviour 
Jeius Chrift, and doft afliire us thereby of thy favour and goodnefs 
cowards ias, and chat we be very memoers incorporate in thy myfti- 
cai body, which is the ble(&d cx>mpany of all faithful people s and 
be alfo heirs through hope of thy everlafting kingdome by the merits 
of the moft pcecious deadi and paflion of thy dear ^on« This then 
is to feed upon Chrift : Lo, the loeac and manducation and nou- 
riflament are all fpiricual , whiles the elements be bodily and fenfl- 
ble, which the allowed homilies of the Church alfo have laboured in 
moft iiznificant termes to fee forth ; Thou mufl carefully feaich and 
know (faith the firfl fcrmon concerning the facramenc ( Tomt 2, ) 
what dignities are provided for thy foul , whither thou art come, 
not ,to teed thy fenfes and belly to corruption, but thy inward man 
to immortality and life, nor to con(ider the earthly creatures which 
. thou feeft, but the heavenly graces which thy faith beholdeth j Fur 
this table is not, faith Chryfopme^ for chattering jayes but for Eagles, 
who fly thithet where the dead body lieth. And afterwards, to 
omit fome otiier paffages, moft pregnantly thus 5 It is well knowny 
the meat we feek for in this fupper is fpiritual food, the noarifhmen t| 
of our foul, a Heavenly refeftion, and not earthly, an invifible\ 
meat and not bodily, a ghoftly iubftance and not carnal $ fo that^ 
BO dbink without faith we may enjoy the eating & drinking thereof,, 
or that that is the fruition of it, is but to dream a grofs carnal 
feeding, baiely abje^ing and binding our felves to the elements and 
cTeacuresjwhereas by the advice ofthe council o(Nicev/c ought to lift 
up our minds by fatth,and leaving thefe inferiour and earthly things,> 
there feek it where thcfon of rightcoufnefsever fhineth.Tak€^his lef- 
fon ^O thou that art dtfirous of this tQhk)o{ EmiJJenpi^ a godly father,, 
That whea thou gocft to the reverend communion to be fatisfycd with 
rpkitual meats,;b(xi look up with faith upon the holy body and blood 




of thy God, thou marvel with reverence, thou touch it with the 
mindj thou receive it with the hand of thy heart, and thou tatc it 
fully with the inward Man. Thus that homily in the voice of the 
Church of Efigland. 

Who now ihall make doiibt to fay that in the Sacrament of the 
blcflcd Eucharilt , Chrift is only prtfent and' received in a fpiritual 
manner ? fo as nothing is obje^d to our fenfes, but the Elements^ 
nothing but Chrift to our faith ; and therefc^e that it is reqotfite we 
ibould here walk with a wary, and even foot as thofe that aauft 
tread in the midtt betwixt profanenefs, and fuperiUtion} not af- 
^xing a deity upon the Elements on the one (ide^ nor on the other 
ilei^hting them with a coounon regard s not adoring the Oeattires^ . 
not oafely cfteemii^ their relation to that Son of GikI whom thej^ 
do really exh9>it to us.Let us not then think it anv boldnefs either tOL 
inquire or to determine of the manner oi Chrifts prefence in die 
Sacraments and confidently to fay, that his body is locally in Hea- 
.yen, fpiritually offered to, and received by the faith of every 
worthy communicant upon Earth ; True it is that in our Saviours 
fpeech, Jok6. to believe in Chrift, is to eat his flefh and to drink his 
blood ,even befides & out of the a6k of this Euchanftical fupperjfo as 
whofoevcr brings Chrift home to his foul by the aft of bis faith, 
makes a private meal of his Saviour ; but the holy Sacrament fu- 
pcradds a further degree of our intereft in the participation of • 
Chtift ; for now over and above our fpiritual eating of him, we do 
here eat him Sacramentally alfo ; every (imple aft of our faith feeds 
on Chrift, but here by virtue of that ncceflary union which our Sa- 
viours inftitution hath made betwixt the figne and the thing Unifi- 
ed, the faithfuU communicant doth pirtake of Chrift m a more 
Peculiar manner 5 now his very fenfes nelp to nourifh his foul, and 
y his eyes, his hands, his taft, Chrift is ipiritually conveighed into . 
his heart } to his unfpeakable and everlafting coniolation • 

But to put all fcroples out of the mind ofany reader concerning 
this point 5 Let that ferv^ for the upfhot of all, which is expreffely 
fet down in the 5 th. Kubrick in the end of the Communion fet 
forth a3 tlie judgment of the Church of EnglMd both in King Ed- 
witrds , and Queen EUzaieths time, though lately upon neg^cnce 
omitted in the impreffion. In thcfe words ; Leaft yet the fame 
kneeling might be thought or taken othcrwife, vve do declare, Thsr 




itiknot meant thereby that any adoration is done, or ought to be 
done either unto the lacratnentalferead and wine there fiodily re- 
ceived, or unt9^y real .and; cffeijtial gfrefencc-tbcre beino^of 
Chrifts natural fle(h and blopd; For as concerning elbc facranJIn- 
tal btradand winc^ they remain ftill in their very natu^l fob%j^ 
and tWrcfore may not be adored 5 for that were idolatry to be ab- 
horred of all faithfuU Chriftians j and as concerning the natural 
body andUoodof our Savieur Chiift they are miieaven^^and fio^ 
Ijpre^ for it is againft the tnnh of Chrifts jiaturaibody>co be. in n£3 
places then one, at one timc> pec. Thus the Church of f^igjiiW ha- 
ving plainly ejtplicated her felf, hath left n^Iace fof am doubt con- 
cerning this tr«th } neither is fhc any changeling in her judgment, 
however fomeunfteady ounds may vary m their conceits faway 
then with thofc nice fcruplers, who for fome further ends have en- 
deavoured to keep us in ian undue iufpenfe, widi a.( Mt^ Ike^ ii^qui^ 
rere de mado ) ana conclude we refolutely that there is m truth ui 
divinity more clear then this of Chrifts gracious exhibition, and ©ur ^ 
faithful reception of him in this bleded Sacraadent* • 

■■ * I- ■- 


Boies keep jotirf fives front JtUU. Aoieo. 


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1 I W I fc 

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L E T T E R 







5'/r, with my Loving Kemembraticey 

ET cannot but be a greit grief to any wife and moderate 
Chtiftian to fee zwous & well meaning fouls carried a- 
wj^Ti^tex the giddy humour oftbeirncwteadios, tot 
contempt ofaU holy and reverend antiquity, and to an 
e^cr affection of novel fancies even wralcs they cry 
out moft bitteny againft innovauons:Wbcn tbe pra^fe and juck- 
floent of the whole Ghriftian world ever from the dayes of the UeT- 
fed ApolUes to this prcfent age i( ple&ded foc- any form of govcrn- 
^nc or laodablc obfervation, they are ftraight taught^ ibst tii 
tifi/^stvipi^td, sad that aB thit^i sre hectmt lum \ making their 
woro goodliy fo neWj and unheam-of an interpretation of Scripture, 
.Whereby they roay as ^ly Mgue the introducing of a new Ghmrfi, 
anewGojpcl, a new Rel^oHj with the ann^ling of tbe old: 
And that ~niey niay not wan: anall-fiiificient patroriagcorthctt 
fondciMKcit, outUefledSaviouthimfelf is brought in, who in his 
fcrmen on the mourn ceotroUed die antiquity of dx pharilai»tl 





;gk>l&s cixhe law ) n have h$»i tlm it wM fi^d iythem ^old^tlm^ 
andchns^ i«^ / /I^iMtfajm, &c 5 as if the Son of <jod m diecking 
cbe iqpftan annqnicy) of a oaif-^ottoded itid um^fonable t r^iti^n, 
meant «o condcflan cbe craeiy^uitiefK andi cecnmefKlable cuftpmcs of 
cfae whole OvUlian Cbttch J wfakhaUfaberaod judicious chnW- 
a» are wont to look upon wii^h meet rdpcft and reverence: And 
cercatnJy ^diofoevet maU have ki down tnit fefolutipn wftli hi mfelf 
to fldg^t thofe either inftkocions or praftifes vAAch arc derived to 
tts from the Prtnuttvc limeS) and have ever fince been intcrtain* 
ed by che¥rliole dhnrcKofCbriftupoii earthy that man hath laid 
aiiimcientfeundationof Sdvifine and dangerous fii^darity ; and 
doth that which the moft eminent of chel'achers^ ^. Ai^uSHnty 
chargeth witbnolefs then mod m(cknt madnefle. For me and 
my iriend, Xjod give usgnure to take the advice which our Savicur. 
gives to b^fpattfC) vo C0 firth ^dfefiaifiefs^fHfe Flacky and to feed 
our iCidsiefidetbeSkefhesrdstemfy ( Cant. i. 8. ) ^ to walk in the 
fuce paths of imconupt antiquity. For the celebration of the fo« 
knm Feaib of our Savioars NatJvity » Rdiirreftion , Afqration) 
md the comtning down of the Holy Gboft, vvhich you fay is ctyc^ 
dovm fay your zealous Icdurer one wauld think there uiocdd be 
reafon enough in thofe utonderfhl and unfpeitkaUe benefits which 
thofe dayes ferve to commetnorate unto us} For, to inAuice in 
the late teaft of the Nativity, when the Angel hrQt^t the newes 
of that kle^ birth to the Jewifli fhepheards , JBehoU^ faith he, 
Uriiigjim^^tidri^s of great joy which fhsBieto aU people ; for un- 
toyou 4t borne this day a Saviour. . If then the report 01 this blcffing 
were the bcft tidings of the gtcateft joy that ever vwis , or . ever 
conld be poflKbly inodent into mankind, whyfhould not the com- 
memoration thereof be anTwerable ? AAliere we conceive the 
greaieft joy, wlttt (hould hinder us to expicfle it in a joyful! 


But you are tai)ght to fay, the day conferred nothing to the blef* 
fing, that every 4*y we Avmld witn equal thankfidneffc remcfm- 
bcr tl^indtimable benefit of the incarnation of the Son of <^j 
fo as a fet annivetifary day is altogether needlefs s know then 
and cpn(ider, tharche all wife God , who knew it *fit tbit his 
Beople (hould everyday think of the great work of the r rcatibp, 
and of^ anraculous,delNeiance out bf the E^^yptian fcfvitudc^hd 

Kki ftottld 


{hould daily. give honour to the Alaiighty Creator and deliverer^ 
yet ordainecl one day of feven foe; the naoie fpecial recognhion^ot 

thcie marvellous werksjas well knowing how apt we are tp fa^tc 
thofe duties wherewith we are only Qnchai|ed in conunon < withouc 
thejdefignmentbfapatttcxilar reoiemorauon. £efide&> the fame 
ceafon will hold propottionably againft any monechly oi annntlL 
celeb:acian vvhatloever } the Jewes fhoula have been much to 
blame, if they had not every day thankfully remembred the greac 
deliverance which God wrought for thtm irom the hloody.defign oC 
cruel HamMy yet it was thought requifue ( if not nooduuy ) that 
there {hould be two fpecial dayes oi Fmm fet apart for t^ amii*. 
vcrfary memorial of that wonderful prefervation : The like^ may 
be faid for the Ej^U^ Pmmy of our November j it is well if^ hc^ 
fides the general tye of our chankfulnefs^a^prectfe day ordain'd by au- 
thority can enough quicken our unthankful dulncfs. to: give God his 
own for fo great a mercy 5. fhall we.fay ndw, it is the wotkc of the 
year, what needs aday ? As therefore no day (hould pafle over 
our head without agrateful acknowledgfoentol the great myftery 
of God incarnates %o mih^l^ the wifdome of the pnnymc 
Church C no doubt by the dircd^ion of the holy<7hoft ) hath pitched 
upon one fpecial day wherein wo fhould intirely devote our thoughts 
to the meditation (^ this work> which the Angels of heaven ^can not 
enough admire,. 

Bat you are told that perhaps we mifs of the day firice the fea-r 
fon is litigious^ uncertain, unknown, and in likely hoed other-then 
our December ; and that it is purppfely not revealed, that it may 
not be kept : As to the firfi, 1 deny not,, that the juft day is not 
certainly known ; The great Saviour of the World that would have 
his fecond coming without obfcrvation g^ng before itswould have his 
firft cpming without obfervatiop following ^tjhe meant to cooje down 
without noife,without a recorded notice.Even in the fecond, hundred 
(fo antient we arc fure this feftivity is ) there was cpieftion ,and diffe- 
rent opinions of the feafon }. the juft k^iowl^g and -determination 
whereof matters nothing at aU to the duty- of our odcbniuon : 
Moft fure we are that fucn a day there was^ and nolefife (ure, that 
it was the h^ppieft day.that ever Jookt forth iiito the world j it is all 
one to us whether this day or that; we content cur felves witb 
this, that it hath plcafed tbeCburch for .auoy hundred 7;e«cs toorr 

: . : ' -^ dais 



dain this day for the commemoration of that tranfcendcnt blcf&ng ^ 
what care we to ftand upon thofe twdve hours that made up the 
^K-tificial day wherein thts wonderful work was wrought^ which 
We are fure cannot but be much changed by fo siany intercalations ; 
fo long and conftant a pra^iife of the chriftian church^) upon . fo holy 
grounds is no leiTe warrant to us^ then if an Angel trom heaves 
l^ould have revealed unto us the juft hour ot this blcfied Na * 

As to the fecond. Surely whofoevcr (hall tell you that God didt 
puipofely hide this day from us, that it might efcape a celebration^ 
as he concealed the burial ofMofis to avoid the danger of an idola- 
trous addration^makes himfelf a prefumptuous commenter upon the 
anions of the Almighty* Where did God tell him fo? Or whae 
revelation can he pretend for fo bold an aflcrtion? If this were the 
matter, vvhy then did not the fame God with equal caution conceal 
thedayoftnePaffion, Refurre^on, Afcenfion of our blefled Savi** 
our, and of the defcentof the Holy Ghoft ? the obfervation of all 
( which dayes, is with no lefs vehemence and uPan the fame danger 
ctyed dovvn by thefe fcrupulous perfons. Either therefore let hira 
fay that God would have thefe other feaft da)«cs obferved becaufc 
he would have them known to the world, or yield that he did not 
therefore conceal the day of the Nativityof Chrift, becaufc he would 
not have it obferved. 

But you hear it faid. There is popery and fuperftition in keeping 
that day ; tell thofe that fuggeft fo, that they caft a foul flander up- 
on the Saints of God in the primitive times, upontbc^ holy and - 
learned fathers of the Church who preached, and wrote for, and 
kept the feaft of Chrifts Nativity with facrcd folemnity manyhun- 
dred years before popery was hatched •, and that they little know 
what wrong thevdo to rcligioff^ and themfelves, and what honor 
tliey put upon tnat foperftition which they profefs to deteft j in 
aficriung that to papery whicfa was the mere a^ ^ of holy and devout: 

But to colour thispleai youare taught diat the myftery of ini- 
^pity began early to work, even in the very Apoftblick tinries, and ^ 
that Afttichriiidid fecredy putinhis claw,.before his whole body 

Sarely there is fingiihur-ufc wok toJw mad^ of ^this^ftuftty thofe 



which would avQJid the ijountennnce ofaUpcimidvcaQihcHiiy fo^.^ 
ny diiplegrtng X how ever lawluU and IftudaUe ) infiiwciocis »^4 
praxes s So cIk Anaba|>c]ft tcUs us i\m the Papcwjng of chiklpco 
is oaeoffhcuflidy wcxkings ci*, the myftery ci uuquijty i 5o jthe 
Blah}9cmoiisNemiiW dme tell w thu; the myAery of the 

bk&d Trinity of petfons in the unity of one Godhead i$ but an an- 
cient devife ot Aixtchn^ working U0der4iand befoce his fofcqal ex-- 
hihition. Every feft isaptto make this challenge } and therefpie it 
behovesjus wifely codtltiogudfii bet^t thofe things whki) Mpn 4id 
asgoodChnltiaos^ftnd chofe whkl> tbey did 9$ li^^^ to «fae«r 
own private or to the more ooquoon intercft of ^hen. what 9^^ 
vantage can we ooxthte it might be to Anodmft^ tha,t Chcift 
^ould have a dby celebrated to the memory of his^cf&id Birtiis 
and that devout Chriftiaosihould meet toeether in their hftly af-^ 
fen)UiestopraifeGodf«: the bent€t of mat hip^py incamatioB f 
and w4iat other e&iSt could be expei^ed from fo ieligicci$a wof)^ 
i)utgbry toGod, and edi&aiion to Men ? who can fuppofe that 
^ enemy ofChrift(htt]ldg«nbytbeboiiQiir done to Chrift^ A- 
way therefore with this groufidlefD imaginaiaQn j aiid let us be (0 
popifli^ fo (uperfticiom as thofe hoSy Fathers, and DojS^rs <^ the 
firimitive Church, famous for leanung and piety, who Uvad tnd dy- 
id devout obfervers ef this Chnftian Kftival. 

But you are bidden to ask what warrant we find in ,the word of 
God ( which is to be the rule of all our^^ions ) for the folcmn keep- 
ing of this day? In aofwer>you may if you pleaie tell tliat quefttonin^ 
tnat to argue from Scripture negatively in thii^s of this nature is 
fomewhat untheological ; Ask you hon again with better reafon, 
what Scripoire he finds to fodad it ? for if it be unlawfiiU to be done 
which is not in Gods word conrnanded, then much rather that 
which is northere forbidden cannorbe imlawfuU to be d<mes Ge« 
necal grounds of edification, decency, expedience, peaceable con- 
formity to the in juniftions of our ipirifflal governors are in thefe ca-* 
4*esmore then enough to build our pra£tifc upon. If i| be replied 
^tweareinjoyncdfixdaies to labotir, and foibiddim to'obferve 
^ycs&times,(asbetfigapartofthe ]e wiAi psa^gog^, two coA^ 
mon pretenfes wherewith theeyesof theigooiaot.acc wom.i^be 
bleared ) know that for the firft, it is not fo much pregepflhw as 
"'^ive i. aeithcr viasit dbinteotiksiof the iWali^iy lO.iflier- 

, fpcrfe 

•^^f Mm 




ijpeiic the commtftd of fauntne afiurcs in the firll Table of his 
loytU kW)( wherein hioirclf and his fcrvice is immediateiy conccr-* 
oed I In 6x:h like exprefions, umi^, and^ Jhslt are equivalent)*^ 
and promifcttottflvufedsdiat inftance is clear and pregnant Gen.!, if.- 
TheLnriy faith tne Text, comwHwUd the MoMj fsywgj EMi^thm 
Jlbak ea ^feverj^ee in the Girdn^v/tiidi our laft verhon renders well 
CO the fenfe^ T%ou imI^ freely eM •/ every tree m the Garden ; And if 
iktt chttge in that fourth cocmnandement were abfblute and pe- 
ttoipioiy^ what humane authority could difpenft with thoie large 
fliccoi of time which are ufuallvcuioatof the fixdaycs for facred 
OGoAom } what warrant could we have * to imeroaEt bur wotk for a 
dtf yly Ic^lore > or a monthly faft^ or for an anniverfary fifth of No* 
vehier f and^^notwithftanding this command of God, it be allow^ 
ed to bt in the power of Mm^ whether Sovoratne fas ConfiMtir^- 
approptiattd it ) dkrfpixkuaU coordain the fettira a p»rt ot fome 
ice parcels of time to holyafcs > why (hoold it be f&ck at in the rc^ 
mivinzjthA obfeiving the pious and ufefull celebrity of this 

At iorduu: ocherfuggcftittiof the A^oftlcs^ taxation of obfi^r* 
ving<kyesaadlmne^9 anyonechachachbuthalfean eyv, nuy fee 
limit nsith j^e^cft to tkoie Judaic^l holy-diyes which were part of 
^cnemomal bw, now long finceow of daces as being of typical 
fignification, andyihadowes c£ things to come.* 

Shoitf d wc dierefoR so about: to revive thoTe J^wiifa feafts, 09 
did wc ereAany new my to an efientiall part of the wcdhip of 
God^ m place holiners iaic, asfuch we (hould joftly incurr that- 
blame vrtich the Apoftte cafb upon the Gdmam^ and Cohftsn ialfe* 


Bttt to wreftthisfoifaiddanoe toa^ ChtifHtB folemnit^ which is 
merely cofhfetmanttvie^ a bieffing receked^ without aiiy;. prefix 
guratfbn of thifl^ tocome, witbauc any opinion of holint fs annexed^ 
to the day is no odierthen an in joriousvioience. - 

Upon all this which hath beenfaid; and upon a feiious weighii« ' 
•fwhacetcr'may'faefiirtheralledgedtothe contrary^ I dare confi* 
dently afirm^ tbtt tbrire is no jnft oeaion whygood Ckriflians fhotdd ' 
not vmh aUigodly cfaeiefo^ which that hoi vfacher 

ftyiedthennetfapoliiof all feafts ; To which I add that thoM: which 
b)^cheffxxRhipieaaddAig^^ iU^ht thb day^.caafiog >tfaeir pirople 


■^■o— w ww^i^— ^^»— — — t mm II iw 

to dtlhonouc ic with their warft doathes, wicli (bops open^ with 
(crvilc works^ftand guilty before God ofan high and f inful conicmpt 
pf that lawful authority under which they live j for as much as by* 
the ftatutcs of our land, made by the full concurrence of King and 
ftatc, this day is commanded to be kept holy by all Effgtifb fubjc£b$ 
and this power is backed by the charge oiCod^fulmut yourffives to e- 
very ordinance ofpKdnfor the Lords f^ke^ 

Ifnow after all this I (hould let my pen loofcto the firf&agant 
teftimonies whether of antiquity, or of modern divines, and re- 
farmed churches, I ihould tryc your patience, and inftcad of a letter 
fend you a volume ; Lctitfumcethat ever, fincc the fecond hun- 
dred year after Chrift, this feaft hath without contradiAion ob- 
tained in the church of God , and hath received many noble Ele- 
gies, and paf&onatc inforcements from the learned and holy Fathers 
of the church ; amongftthe reft that oiGregorj Na^iMzen is fa re- 
markable that I may not omit it^ as that which fets fonh the excefle 
of joyful refpeft wherewith the antient Chriftians were wont to 
keep this day. 
m hu tff/i- ^^ ^^ ( ^^"^ ^ ) celebrate this feaft, not in a panegyrical but 
tm Mfm divine, not in a worldly bat fuperfecular manner ; not regarding fo 
^ ^ tl ^^^'^ ^^ (c\:v€% or ours, as the worfhip of Chrift, &c. And now 
tfry #^ rhall we effcft this i Not by crowning our doors with garlands, nor 
'^'^ by leading of dances, nor adorning our ftreets ; not h\ feeding our 
eyes, not by delightii^ our ears with fongs, not by cmniinacing our 
fmel with perfumes, not with humouring our taft with dainties, not 
with pleanng our touch, net wich filken and coftly dothes^ &c. n^t 
with the fparkling of jewels, not with the luftre of Gold, not with 
the artifice of counterfeit colours, &:c. let' us leave thefe things to 
Pagans for their pomps, &c* But we, who adore the word of the 
father, if we tUnk fit to ^c^ delicacies, let us feed our felve$ 
widi the dainties ofthe law of Go^ , and with thofe difcourfes e- 
fpecially which are fitting for this preftnt feitivaL So that learned 
eloquent father, to his auditors of Conftantinople. 

Whei^to let mt ( if you pleafe ) have . leaVe to add one or two 
pradical inftances : One ftiall be of the g;ood7Efflperour Theodofa^ 
lying now for eight moneths under the fevienecenfure of BiChop Am^ 
brafe i when the feaft of the Nativity drew near , what* moan did 
that religious Prince make to bis coiurtifitis, that he was by tlut re* 



^ 303 

rcfoluterBHbop flwc cue ( for his Uood^guUtiflcfs ) from partaking 
with the aflembly in thac holy fcrvicc 5 and what im. ortunate Hifi^r. 
mcjms did be make for his adauifion ! had that gracious Empcrour '^^^P^^* 
l)eeff of the diet of thefc new divines^ he would have fleighted '/'•'•'• 9« 
that repulfc ; and gladly taken this occafion ot abfcnce from that ^ ^^' 
fuperftitiotts folemnity > or had one of thefe grave monitors been at 
his elbow, be might have favcd that pious Prince the cxpenfe of 
many fighes, and teares which now he beftowed updn his abftcncion 
from that dearly atfeifted devotion* 

The other (hall be an hiftory of as much note as horrour;too clear Nice* 
aproof of the ancient celebration of thisfcftivall j It was under the/'*<^''-'*7* 
Tyranny of DiocIefiM & his co-partner Maxinuf6ts^Ai%i twenty thou^ ^* *• 
fand Chriftans, which wete met to celebrate the feaft of thisblcfTed 
Nativity in the large Church oiNmmediA^ were made an Holofd^fty 
andlsurnt, together with that goodly Fabrkk^to adies, onthatday« 

Lo, lo great a multimde as twenty thoufand chriftians , of all 
ages, of both fexes^had not thus met together in a time of fo mor- 
tal a danger, to celebrate this feaft, if the holy zeal of their duty 
had not told them they ought to keep that day which thefe no* 
vellers teach us to contemn. 

Now let thefe bold men fee of how contrary a difpofitfon they 
are to thefe blef&d Martyrs, which as this day fent up their fouls 
( like to Manoahs Angel ) to heaven in thofe flames. 

After thus much faid ; I ihould be glad to know ( (ince reafon 
there can be none ) what authority induces thefe gainfayers to op^ 
pofe fo antienc and received a cuilome in the Church of God ; you 
tell mc of a double t^ltimony cited to this purpofe, the one ofSocra^ 
tes the Hiftorian 5 whidil fiippofe is fctcht out of his 5th. book of 
Eccle{ia(licalfl:orY,chap. 21. where, upon occafion of the feaft of 
£ailer, he pafTetn his judgment upon the indifferent namre of all 
thofe ancient feafts which were of ufe in the primitive times ; (hew- 
ing that the Apoftles never meant to make any law for the keeping 
offeftival dayes; nor impofed any mul<^ upon the not keeping them, 
but left men to the free obfervation thereof. 

For anfwcr whercunto, I do not tell you that this author is wont 
to be impeached of Novatianifme ; and therefore may feem fit to 
yield patronage to fuch a client ; I rather fay that ( take him at the 
worft ) he is no enemy to our. opinion, or pradifcj we agree with 

LI him 



*• ■■ , 


304 ■ 

him^thatthe >^)oftles would have e^n ftce from die im^ 
}cwi(h obfervaciaii of ilaycs s that they coaAcd 00 law tor fet fcftt- 
valls^ but left pctfoos and places fo co their libeny in chefe cales, 
that none {h^Mild impofe a neceflftty upon other 3 this weK co be 
pteflbd upon a f^iStnr Bi(hop of Manuy wbo violesdy obtruded a daj^ 
for ihc celebration of £^fr upon all Churches ( iuppofing hi the 
mean wlttle an £i^^runiver(ally kept of all chtiftians^ tfacxi^ not. 
on the fame day ) this makes nothing againft us, wk) place no hoii« 
nefs in the very hours, nor plead any Apoftolkal in jundbn fa-' 
dayes, nor tye any perk>n or Church to our firiA calender, but on* 
lyhold it fitoutcK our obedience to die lawes both o( our chmdi. 
and kingdome, to continue a joyful celebration of a memorial day^ 
to the honour of our blciled Saviour. 

Kit that other authority which you tell me was urged co this par* 

pofe, Iconfefle, doth not a litde amase me; it was, you fay, d 

^ Kii^Jjimrs our learned Soveraime of late and Uefled Memory; 

whoTeteflamony was brought in Kfore the credulous people (not 

without the jufi applttife of a 50&m w^like wifdonoe ) as crymg down 

tWe feftivals, and ia a certain fpeedi of his arofauding die piuity 

ofthe church of 5r«^/4mf above that of <>^ain/ji tor that it obierved 

not the common feafts of Chrifts Nativity, wd Relurrc^on, Sur. Is 

it poffible that any mouth could name trat wife and gobd King in 

iucfa a caufe, whom all the world knowes tfo have been as zealous a 

natron of thofe feftivals, as any lived upoaearth } and if he did Jet 

fill any fuch fpeechbefore he had any Downe upon htschin,& whilil 

he was under the ferule, what candor is it to produce it now to the 

contradi^n of his better experience, and ripci^ judgment? Nay ,fSK 

not famoufly known that it was one of the ipain errands of his jcir* 

ny into his native Kingdome of Scotland^ to reduce that church unto 

©n€ of ^ conformity to the relx of the Cliurches of Chriftendom in the cb- 

Tihc five f<2rvation of thefe (blemn dayes ? : and to this purpofc, was it not one 

Arcicictcf of themaihbufinefles which he fet on work in the Aflcmbly at 

^^ TerAy and wherein he employed the fervice of his worthy Chaplain 

Dodk)r T9uMy Daznoi ff^mhepp i to recall, andfe«e(y:)lifhthcfe 


Ahd accordingly^ in ouduance of his Ma jc ftics eamelVdcitre this 
way, was it not enaAed in that Affcmbly that the fai d feafts (bculd 
be duely kept ? Doubdefle it wass and that not without much niie 



•care and holy caution s which aA becaufe it cannot be had every 
where, and is well worthy of yoiUfiio^, and that which clears the 
:paint in hand^l have thought good hete to infertithe tenor of it thcre- 
fottf)scbQ« I 

As we abhorr the fuperftitious obfervattbn of Feftival dayes by 
the P^iftS) and deteft all licentious^ and profane abufe thereof by 
diecommonfarcofpiofc(r9rs} fo we think chat the jncliiniable 
beoeEts received from God, by our Lord Jefus Chrift his Birth, Paf- 
fion, Rcfttrre^on , Afcenfion > and fending do^n of the Holy 
Ghoft^was commrnd^bly, and godly remembred at certain particu* 
Jar day^s and tioliesl^liK whole cl^ the World, and may 
be ^fo now j Therei^re the Afleid^ly ordaines, that every Minificr'^ 
ihali upon tbefe dayes h^r e the cofamettiaration of the f ofcfaid in* , 
eftunable benefits, and make choice of (everal and pcninenc texts 
of Scripcure, and frame their dodrine and exhortation then to, and 
fdbujce all-^perflatiMS obferyation, and licentious profanation 

4:hereof. , 

TcfliUd ( if it wepe need^} give you other proofes of King Jme§ 
hi$,zcal for thcfe d^yps i biit what ftiouid I fpend time in proving 
there is a &in in the Henven^iwd light in that Sun} The naqae of that 

:eat King futfereth for his excelle this way. Shortly then, the 
Jtiurch oFGod, hisaamnied, l«w, antioaity, leafon ^ for us in 
this point, fndlawbtnptbntyouwill gladly beon their (ide j a- 
way with'all innovations and frivolous quarrels, we were divided e-** 
nough before, and little needed any new rents. The God of peace 
^et all thefe diftempers, and unite our hearts one to another, and . 

fsrwtll in the LortU 


\ ' 

L I a TO 




T O 

My Reverend and worthily Dear Friend , 


One of the Preachers of . 


THe haft of your Letters ( my reverend and worthy Mr. 
Stmhers) was not fo great, gs their welcome^, which 
tbey mkht well challei\gc.for yout name j but more 
for tbatlove and confidence whidh they inipoi::ted : thus 
muft our Fricndfhip be fcd^ that it may neither feel dcith nor 


The fubftanc(c of your Letter was partly jEtela^on; and partly Re- 
cjaeft y Fcm: th^ fifn ; Rumour had iii part* tireV'OTtcd youi'^and 
brought to niy ears thdfe Stirtj which happened aft^'r itiy departure; 
and namely, together with that impetuous Protcftacion, fomerade 

' deportment of ifl-govcrned Spirits towards his Majefty. Alas T Critly. 
dear Brother ) this is not an ufasre for Kings, they arc the nurfes of 
the Church j if the child Thall fall to fcfatching and biting the brc-ft, 
what can it expert but ftripes and hunger I your Letter profcfles 
that his Majeftyfent you away in* peace, and joy, and why would 
any of thole roi^h-hewn Zelots fend him away in difcontentment i 
But thiiwas (I know ) much againft your heart, whofe often pro- 
teftations aflured me of your wife moderation in thefe things. Ifoiv 
cameftly have you profclled to me, that, if you were in tte Church 
of Biiglmd ( fuch was your inditff rcncy in thele indifferent matters) 

* you would make no fcruplc of your cere monies ? yea, how (harp 
hath your cenfurc been of thole re fradaritsamongft us that would 



forgo their ftauons^ rather then yield to thefe harmelefs impofiti- 
ons f ^ much the more, therefore, <3o I tnarvdl -how any delator 
could get any gr^ond from ycm> whereon to place an acoifation in 
this kind ! But this^ ^d^the tdt e£ tbofeliiftoriadl paCQigcs , bping 
Only €ohcc4:ning thing* paft, bav*' thdr end in my notice j Let me 
rather turn my pen to that part Which calleth for my advife, 
whidh, fbr"}four fake, I could Welt Wilh^werc worthy to be held fuch, 
as ciiat your felf and yourcoUegues might\fiAd c^e to reil in it : 
howfoever> it fhall Be honeft tea hearty, and no cMitr then I would, 
in the ^)tefcnce of God, give to aiy * ewii foul f h4atters ( ycu 
chiflk ) will not ftand long at this point , but will come on further 
and prefs you to a refolution ! What is to be done f wjll you 
hf^ar iil(^ h>tfnfelling as a friend, a^ a Brother^ Sinceyou fbrefee this ;; 
me^t them in the way , with a refoluti(Mi tb inrcrtain them and pet* t 
fwade others. There are five points in qtteftion: The folcnin fcfti- 
vicies ; Tlie private ufe of either Sacrament : Gcniculation at the 
Eucharift i Confirmation by Bifhops. For thefe, there may be a 
dbtiUePIeainlmuticed OWway*of ^ixkfij^artfiUi ) in yotf( Letters 5 
Eiqpedience in the things themtclyeS'jAtotliomy in the cdmmandcF :^ 
fbme thin^^^r^ tifcfrefol-e A^bfe ddi* \ becktms they are comman- 
ded : fbme otHeH'are kheppfott commaiided $4)ecaufe they are to be 
done ^ obedij^nd)!^ pleAdtf^or the one, juftice for the other ; If I 
di^fea^e thc^iilttelulAtank, Iflfbll feikfie,ilwt ifin^he fe- 
4^nd I ftiiid ftCt^er^t3|sttb'i^ Wliic^ i d^ t«>t; 1 (hall fail of my 

hd}>es.-^ -rr-.!.:''; .Hi - '. • • ■ '. i-i: 

- Lctriiedf'6ft(st»)ydbteria|tfty. rdid'^fl»ver ^bufily and inten- 
tivitfj^iftrfy^htfcfximall mattct«, as^have^^d your Letters 

. ^Iled^t«t6 thii fcttki Sin<:«:^h{cb time. ('1 ipeak boldly) l^ 
mitde^iii) fpctfi^ eitfet^'df *ho«rt, rOPpapers, • 'Mc^^mlm' vM^na exili*^ 
ttTi nfc p^tA'}i9hrfiii$Btk(^^ »i h&vc leamed'of otfr N^Mzen ; and 
befides, this, tiinder one nstoie^feemed a commoB cauie^'and there- 
fd|(et(?*^^^*^h§^«Ptaycare;^ 2. >n ' .1 • 

■:^^hefeareWfy»Ultotfv»iX'm»tt^^ day ^ old,, neither isir 
hiiTMajefties cJi^re j to ttooble yoii with new coynes, but to rub up' 
the ftifty and <)bliteiate fece of the ancient. Aiid furely, the 
ttidrc? ^thoughts were bent upon them, the more it appeared to 
Ine j'-^hitlMs Majffties iatemion is td-^deal vwth your Church, as he 
hfthkte^doflC'Withy4«rtJn Iknow not > 

^ what 


i 1. 






wfcut irnlifcrcct and idle zeal lud banifbcd all higlicr degrees j the 
•name of a School-. Doftcr was grown out ot date j only one Gra- 
duate ( that Iheard of ) at St/^Vrc^jppjF > ,fm(Ti^ve4 that injury of 
tiaits ; Now ccmcs his.Majcfty . ( ^<>nc borti; to the hon^ at team* 
i»g ) and reftores the Schoples to. thciri fc^nacr glories ; This is ^bo 
innovation ( you will grant ) bur a renovation •, 

No other is that which his Majefty wifheth to your Church : Po^ 
tell me I befeech you C «ny dear Mr, fttr,mhsr)j^o not yoi think that . 
thofe which took upon them the ref^raattion of ^four Qiurch went 
fomewhat too far ? And ( as it is in the fable ) inwr^qppcd the Stork 
together with the Cranes ? 1 know your ingenuity fuch, as yon 
:not deny it:Tlis you will ^antaf^parrntly in th^e Churdv-patrioiony 
( witneis your own learned and zealous invc^ve how mifeiaUy 
iboyled > in the exauthoratien of l^fcc^al oiBce and digpity^ in the 
demolition of Qurches, and too many other of thisllamp s fovio* 
Jent was that holy furor of piety: that hence it m^ht well appear^ 
what difference diere isi bcvNi%i the orderly proceecUngs of prmce- 
ly authority, and popular tiutuiLt : And>why ibottl4 you not yieid 
.me this in thebuunefsqueftioficd ? : _ 

DobutconfSderh(mfarritisfa&f<H:Aparikulat Chutcb to de« 

part from die anttent and tmiverfaJ^. a^id you cannot jki^lefsl^tal: 

Surelv no Chriftian can think it .a ileiglv (natter) what, the church 

^difiifed through all times and rplaces^ ihadb: ei^i: done, qt r taugbc 

For doctrine or mann^ ther< fSnoqO^jfti^ «i4 why i^bctuld it be 

.more fafe to leave it in the holy inftitutions that concerne the ouf 

ward formes of Gods iervke ? Novelty if a ^tiim fuU kj£ envy aivl 

fufpictofl^ and why lefs in m.atter!i of litc. then do^ine? The Church 

4s the mother of us alMhe lefs iatporcant ihofe tHngs are wducfa ( ia 

the pewer^f a parent ) fise in joyiifs, , tbc i^ore^ hateful is the de- 

Vtredatioit of our cbfervance $ ydu remember the queftion of the Sy- 

'tians wife Servant s ^4^, ifbehsdconmMded ih^fme gfrgt mM-- 

Ur w^uldfi thou mt have done it } True it is^ :i^ rCvery NaticMi ha^b 

her own utes, ge(hireis;» cuftooi^, wheDptn jit wtts aver as fke for 

it to diflfet from the reft of the Worlds asthe WDtld fiom .it, ye< 

in the mean time the facred affaires of God, have been ever w:^ 

knowledged to have one common fii(hioii of performance, ki diofe 

points efpecially wherein hath been an univerfal agreement, ever^ 

face hath bis own favour^ his own Hoes^difiioft from aUptbe^yet is 



V tlicir a certain cominon ludsttode of cotmtenanoe and difpofinon of 
the forhead) eyes, checks^ lips common unto all, fo as who,undcr 
this pfctenfe ot deference , ftiall go dxxic to ndfe ui iammdty 
fiom fudicuemonicss doiioodiertbcnarguc, Huu because there 
is a diverfity of proporciaos«f faces, weaaayM^cU want a brow or a 

There is nothing that dbe pontifidans do fo commonly and with 
fommdinoife upbraid US with, as our diiceflion from the mother 
chirdi, thatts, as they interpret, the Roman, ntitheris there any 
one amongft all the loads oi their ftcproacfaes that faach wrought 
usmoreeAvy then this. * And haw do we fiee our feives from the 
daifcr (^tmsodk>usciinttnatios,<i)Uttl^ (not to ftand tqponthe 
imperious title of motherhood ) That fince for order fstke^^ we ac- 
knowledged this jpiimacy of the Weftern Church, we never' 
<lepaned one ind) iron tHe Roman, favc where ihe is perfidioufly 
gone from God, andherfelf ? Now, the cafes qncfiioncd are for 
the mofft part only fuch, as you will confefs before the furpicion of 
Ahckhriftian Apoftafy to have^obtained eachwhcrc in the chuicb. ^ 
Begin if you plcaCe with the iblemn feftivities, turno over (I befeech 
yon ) the hiftories of times , and places j you fiiall never finde 
where thefe were either newly ^qppoinred, or not conftantly and 
continuedlyobferved in the church of God. I confefs with Sacrsres 
{hat neitherChrift nor any Apoftle enacted a law for diefe, but 
wirhall, I muft pat you in mtnd^diac what he denies to confiimtlon, 
he grams tocuftome, and, oifervdti» imMterau ( that I may fp^ak 
wirn TerttiUtM ) prdveMtendafidium fd^it. ^ 

As for the folcran feaft of Eafter which the A^jtm counfel cal- - 
l^d Diem magnvm^ how hotly the Church ( even then in her fwath- 
ing bands ) contended about it, all the World knowes. 1 (peak no« 
thing of the friendly di&rences of TiUtOffMtMA Ana^Utus^ nor 
of the Angel of H&mes j The Eaft and Weft were in this point 
fearftdiydividcd ; one part pleads a tradiuon from y^/r^^aiid Philtf^ - 
thcoth6vftom P ^er find Pdiily both fides fought long and forci air 
laft tVie Roman ViSbr won die day, ( pjtqu4m A^£ Efifcof^^fulmine 
fdcropers^lrfet )Ltt ItcMm deeply ccnmre him as a furious diftur- 
b?r of the publick peace 5 1 meddle with neither part: TWsftrife 
atlaft wdl laid,is after revived by the Syrian Divines ? How ftrongly 
dOth thciamousi//i^fl»r Council oppofe it fclf to thefe new Te^erdde - 


c^nir^s ( as thofc times <;allcd (hem ) yea whai othn caufc was there 
( except the madndTes of ^mi0 and' hisTollowtrs^ the Afektians 
and Coifii;tib/A«is)afcaUmg that vcncwble afUmhly together? after 
all this what difcourfcspaflGbdbctwixtx^a the firft, Archbillop of 
Heme and FsfcbAfihus Lif6*^cw«wvwcre jieedlcfe tarehcaife; and^how 
hot Chyfofiome was in thiscaufej need no other proof then, that, ( as 
Socrates witncfles ) he took away the Chiirdies from them wWch 
tycd Ealler to the fourteenth MoOn, Now, then, wherefore 
< I bcfeech you ) wasall this Afian confiiA, wherefore this triumph 
ofriaofy wherefore thiiinfamous brand of tfe Qitartadednumi ? 

Wherefore were thofcpafchal Letters of .the andent, or golden 
number, or the calculations of the Bifhops of Aleoc^^drisy or the cu- 
rious determinations of the Nicene fathers, or the nice reckonings of 
Lc$ and Pafcbafiw^f^ if this might have pafTed for lawfull, with one 
breath to deny the day, and with one dafti to blot it out of die ho* 
ly Calender? certainly the antients knew not how to be thus witty^ 
jicithcr durft they thus boldly cut that knot, in the untying whciro/^ 
perhaps, they ovcrfpent their care and diligence. O ridiculous 
headofantiqnitV) if this (hortcouriem^ht have been fafely held in 
chofc former ages I Yea, tell me, I pray you, in all your readings, 
where ever you met with any man ( beiides thofe whom the Church 
bath held worthy the black marke of herefy ) who either denied all 
lobfervattons of this folemnity, or approved the refufal of it by o- 
thers? I can name you Aerim^ a man Uemiflied with more then the 
fears of one herefy j And what ( faith he ) is the Pafch, that you 
keep ? you are again addided to Jewifh fables *, we muft keep no 
pafch, for ChrtH BwrPafcb is offer ed for us ^ and I can fhow you Ipi- 
fbanim flying in his lace with this juft reply ,Who is likely to know 
more of tHcle matters? thisfeduced wretch which is yet living in the 
World, or tho(e witnefibs which have been before us, and had the 
tradition of the Church with them, which received from their fa- 
ther$> that which,their fathers received from their forefathers, and 
itill retaincs what they taught both for faith and tradition ? 

The fame rcafoh is there for the other feafts. Unt© this of the Ea* 
fter ( that I may (beak in Leos words to* the Biffiops of Sicilj) is 
added the facred lolemnity of Penticoft iir memofy of the coming 
of the holy Ghoft,which depends upon the time of the pafchalfeaft: 
Neither did Eufetim- doubt to call ^sfefiiviutBm omnmntfrinci^ i 




You knpw bow bonoorablc mcntioo is made of it by Grfg^ry Nszi- 
Mx^n^ ^ The Jew (faith he ) keeps feaft daies, hut according to the 
^letter 5 the Gentile keeps feaft dayesjbut according to the fleflb 5 
^ wte keep fealt dayes aHb^but that we may fay or do fomethino^ ac- 
^ cording to the Spirits and foon after jThc Hebrews keep their Pen*' 
^ ticoft, and we keep it as w# do fome otbpr Jcwifh rites, but they 
^ Typically, we Myltically,we celebrate Penticoft for the coming of 

* chc holy Ghoft, as the day fer for the performance of this prom fe 

* and the fulfilling of our hope, and how great a myftery is this, how 

* facrcd,— I cannot therefore paflc over that^x-^'w i^A^*^ of our Cen- 
turies which can fay there is fcarce any exprefle mention of any of 
the feafts in anciquicy>befides Eaftcr j I may not admit all the bedroll . 
ihsLtJ^olydorf T/V^/^ infcf ts iiito the ApoitoHcall folcmniiies, I had 
rather hold the mid-way between both. That memorable place of 
A'^in is to me in (tead of a thoufand witneflcs, neither need we 
care for other evidence 'whileft we have one fo abfolute, you know 
where to find it, in the 11 8, Epittlc to J^^in^n^, ///4 4'^vw, qua 
wn Scriptafedtradita Cf$il$dimuSy qu£ quidem tot$ terrarum orhe olfer-' 
VMtur^ dantur intflligt^ vel ah r^fis ApoHdlis , vel ple^ariis conciliit 
( quorum eft in Ecckjia fahfl^emma suthorifat ) commend at a.^ atqut Ha- 
tutdretinerii ficutquoddominipaffio^ &refurreBioy &afcenJioin cce- 
lum^ (^ aduenmdecceb fpirit»s fanlHj anniverfaria folemnitate ce- 
lekran'wr^ & ft quod aUndoccurrerit j quod fervatur ah univerfa^ ( qua- 
cunquefe difundit) Ecclefia. 

But if thcfe feafts could not fhow fo ancient and noble a pedigree, 
what hinders that the Church may not appoint certain dayes to the 
bleflcd memory of thcfe excellent benefits > Doubtlefs, this right 
ftie hach heretofore challenged to her felf in leflfcr occafions, and I 
donotfindeany man that ever accufedher ofraftinefs, or prc- 
fumption, how folemn the dayes ofPurim were to the Jewcs, is 
known to all, denyed of none, and their (*>vh«*) feaft of Dedication 
(which Caiialio affcftedly calls Rtnovalia) fet a pan to the memory, 
not fo much of the temple,as the altar recovered from former profa-; 
nation,our Saviour himfelf (you knOw )honcfted with his prefence : 
lookonthchiftory ofthe>^/<^^4^<f<?T( that book, if for matter of 
faith it be Apocryphal , yet hath Canon enough for matter of faft ) 
you (hall findc that when Nicanor ( the deadly enemy of the JeweO 
was difcomfited, andflain, a day was appointed by puUick autho- 

Mm ricy 



rity < ncKC before MsrMees fc^ft ) 10 be kcpc tamKdu'dy faoecf 
uotQ the memory of that deliverance tncl si&osy :.aAd. what oi^ <b 
we in this happy Ifland^whilcs vw yctAj celebrate thofe two fakfiled 
dayes^tp the mir9cle of the prefervation of our Kiog^Churcfa^Statc^ 
^with the joy both of love^afld dotysthendo thcStree€S.of yowJEi^fii* 
h/t^b fsioKe with many thafdcfuii €re$» asd yotir Axxt^^rtrs-icat 
Asimcs with the bon-fires of your ctnamp b and ciodltaaon ; and (baU. 
the dayes of Chrift^ wherein yk wtte gradoufly deUvered £coid the 
jawes of hell) carry from tis lefs j^y and celebrity : Suteiy your ckuich 
ihall ^bate BothiBg of her pivi«3b in Joytmz bcr felf to aU Aft reft of 
ihe world^antient tftd «K)derBe> in the oNiervation ofihfc feaft tf 
icr S^triour^ , 

As for the private adminiftcation of both the Sacraments ; the 
diifcrence ofciiae, orplace^ cannot be of that vaitie> as that fm 
tt, th« pardcipation of thofe divm myfteries 0:iould be ncgle^df 
there is a dirc^ precept for either (acramcnc^ given by the lieaven^ 
ly anchor of both^ andcomB}end6dby dbe bmd$ ot the Apofilei 
to the fucceeding Cbivchi theie is no precept of time or pbce^ and 
(hall we omit that which Chnft hath commanded^ for that whicb 
be comniandcd not ^ 

the holy myf^ries ace as die body^ drcumftanccs are a& the 
docbes, it were to be wifticd that a goodly bcautifull body, (hoold 
be ficly fueed with clothes of due uJoiirs and fafliions^but if it ftmild 
fall out (through extremity of want ) that there muft be a meet e- 
legancy lacking in the dottles, (hall we tbcrefoce dcfpife thebody, 
and cau it out for an unptoficable cartaile ?p If there did not< » great 
neccifity lie upon the facraments, if there did not much divine con* 
folation flow from them, why would Chrift leave them to his own 
(jpoufe the church ^s the precious pledges of Lis love ? A necc ffity of 
lihe means no man can dc ny, the necemty of the end is not undcfi^rrv- 
cdly litigious.. Indeed Cod hath not bound himfelf toany means 
( g^^^ rcafon his omnipotency (hould be free ) bu t he hath thcog^t 
good to bind us unto means ; (bas whofocver (hall wittingly and 
wilfully omit thefc faving inftituiions, is juftly guilty of the viobti- 
- on of fo holy an ordinance, and witball of his own judgmenr.. 
The dilation of the figne of that old covenant you know how hea- 
\ ' vy it lay upon holy Mcfis^ and the voluntary negle6^of that other 

I Saoament ( beyond the double day appointed } was wont ( yon 


-'— ■ 


kfiawtdl^|imi{1n!dwithii«Ieft «hra coicffion irotn ti'c Congit^ 
ga tion of ^rwJy md t$ liyca Jcfs mod&ty^\dh u& of che fivgngelical 

. To fblloW dbb inftanoe a Ijctle fiimhcr ( eeti ine (i pnyyou ) wci^ 
ootb^thtifiofeantittit Sacrantmsacxuftotxicii unca private roofs? 
Of the Pafchal difti ch^x oui ke no doubt:^ chat holy ftaft was by the 
authored it dcTiin'd to die pmaie families vf ids iftael: pciiiaj» 
you will Akk a Htfie at the otiier^ I do not cell you of yii rahMmy . of 
^^r^tfa^look but upon she fimtita&er of ChrHtyyau will finde it id^^ 
ly, that his ckcumdriofii was witboi dotes ; his modxr Etiz^^eth 
was dther prefcnt, ornot farrotf at the ccrcmmy ( as it is moft 
probaUe > ihe chahged hii nadie> Upatrthca^. NoW it could not 
pe^thac the eighth day ofiier cMdbiith could alow her to go forth ^ 
whofe undeannefs by the law pent her up for thirty dayes } But 
what do I urge thbimocriaiciiiyHtillby the tradition of the jcwes^*^ 
ther the Synagogue, or the chamber, is indifferently allowed to 
this a^. And why (hould tfad SacraiAent of the new law be fo af- 
fixed to our Cfaunrhes^ that, not necciBty it felf (hould be able to 
fetch thefe whotfom relncdiet hbme to our houfes? fure I im the fa^ 
thers of dfieancjeiit Church Wfre of aaother minds who (before 
the fancy ofi^ojw/UiM was hjjtched ) conceived ftdi neceffity of 
the Sacraments, tkBLt.typrisjf ca^ tell you of CUmciy as well as Pe^ 
ripntBitdy that others in cafe o^extremtty would Imire Ho di£Ference 
made of land, or water, boulc or way, bed ^r pavemtmt. And 
how is it that our ii>crcy haih made us more ihrid:, or our ftraight-^ 
mfs bach made us mote free ? more (hiA for the place, more free 
for the conceit of ncceffity. 

But if privacy hz fo (^pofite to the nature of a Sacrament, why 
may it not be avoided, even in a parlour ? for in fuch a cafe, the 
Churck) removes thither, the walls ( you think ) conferr nothing, 
the people are by the order of the Church commanded to aflcmbie 
in 4 due frrquence ro the honor of either facrament, fo as now I fee 
not dther diflhrence but this ; Thofe ^cb,itl the cafe of fome pri« 
vatefaft,cinbecontciKfordieirp)ie3chiag to chan^ the Church 
tntoachatHber, in the cafe ofbaptiime, make dainty to change a 
cbonfaer into aChutch. 

Bof genicixlatioii in the Eocharift, I am deceived if ever ceremc«^ 
ny couM coupkin 4f aiuore unjuft difpieafute^ or plead better 

Mm a . de- 


dcfcrt. Forthc Ahticpkyofit, thofcthat fetch it from Homrim^ 
are ill heralds. Ttey ni^ht know that Averron ( an age before 
hitti ) could fay ( in a mi(prifion of the gefture ) Omftisni Mdoram 
guodedumi and the bctk of the Fathers many ages before him^ 
Nemo mMduca nifi frius ddarsverit j For the expedience, what bufi- 
ncfs can pafs betwixt Heaven and Earth, God and Man, fo worthy 
©f reverence, as that, wherein Man receives God j even the fnud- 
left gifts, we receive from Princes upon oitt knees, and now, when 
the Prince of our peace gives himfeii to us, fhaH we grudg to bow. 
i know the old challenge, AjnoUtrj. But (hall otters luperftition 
makeusunreverent? Shall not God have our knees, becaufc Idob 
have had the knees of others ? But what do I prefs this to you,, who 
profeffedto me ( if I remember well ) your approbation hereof in 
our Englilh Congregations: The Sacrament is every where the 
fame 5 Nothing but want of ufc hath bred a conceit of uncouthnefs 
in that, which cuftom would approve and commend. 

As for confirmation by Biftiops j I need to fay little, becau/e it 
little concerns you, as an aAion appropriate 10 fuperiors j neither 
( I think ) do you envy it to them. That the ceremony it fclf is 
both of ancient and excellent ufe, Iknow you will not deny j for 
the one, Mefof^ngiw^ it the praife of, Utihs s4 erudiendos hom^ 
ne$^ & fetifif^dcsinveraagmtione Dei. For the other, Zmit^lunczn 
afliireyou, Cenfirmntiof^mttmfumpfijje exordium^ eumvulgfi t^um 
esiinfMteitifigi. In.rcgardof both, reverend CdvmmQ^c^ it a* 
giin reftorcd \o the Church, with no fmall fervency ; all the doubt 
is in the reftridion to Bifhops, wherein I will oiiiJy fend you to 
IcaiUQ^ Bucer i figmm impofitioms maniium^ etUmjAi epifcopi pr^U^ 
ia^t^ & nen dkfque ratione^ five emmjit fadus DammihsfttzMis canfir- 
mMdum J five reconciKandi qui gravis fe€mveriint^ five ecckfiit mini^ 
firiordind^i^ bdccmmamimfieriamdxime decern eoSj quHus ecclefis^ 
vumcurAdemMdataeHl ThiSj as it was done only at firft, by the 
Apoftles, in the cafe of the Samaritam^ fo from them was by the 
Church derived tO the Bifhops, as Chryfoftom direfe, • pr£p9fiiis fuit^ 
as Cypria»y and Aufiif^ fpeak ; But what ncied I cite Fathers^, or 
counfcls for that, which worthy Cdvi/i himself both confi^iles, and 
teaches ; Certainlv nothing but continuance and abufe had) difttfted 
thefe things, whicn ( if time had been their friend) never wanted 
that which might procure them grace and; cefpe^ from the 
Worlds ' Foe 

- v> 

*■ ■ 1^ l|ll» ''" ^ ' ' ' ' . ' ' ll ^W i.— ■■!■■ I C ...^. 

For their own fakes therefore, I need not do»bt to fay, that all 
thcfc arc worthy ot your good intertainment;miith more then^whea 
they come to you with the billets of authority in their hands j were 
f hey but things in the lowed ranke of indififerency, the power that 
cotntnands them,, might challenge their welcom, how much more 
then when they havd an intrinfecall worthtnefs to fpeak for them ^ 
Your Letter hath well infmuated what the power of Princes is, in 
thingsofmiddle natures ; whereof your Apdftles rule will eternal- 
ly hold, not for fear, but for contience. Indeed, wherein is the 
power of royall authority, if not in thefc things^ Good and cvill 
have their fet limits, determined by God himfclf, only indifferent 
things have a latitude allowed for the exercife of humane com« 
mands, which if it might be refilled at pleafure, what could follow 
but an ucter confuiton of all things? 

This ground, as it hath found juft place in your own breft, fo were 
very fie to be laid, by all your publick difcourics, in the minds of 
the people, as that which would not a little rci^fie them^ both 
In judgment and pradife. 

There is no good heart whom it would not deeply wound,to heaf 
of the leaft danger of the diflipation of your ChurchjGod in Heaven 
forbid any fuch mifchief, our prayers (hall be ever for your fafety ; 
but ii any inconvenience niould,on your parts, follow upon the law- 
full a£t of authority, fc e ye, how ye can. wa(h your hands, from the 
giiltineflc of this evill.This is (I hope) but your fear; Love is in this 
hce full of fufpicions, and commnoly pro jv*dh the worftslt is Nax,i^ 
daz^^s advife, D'Amfecundo vento nsvigdSy nA%fr^mm time ^tutior eris m 
WLufrm^y aJj^torem tiht sc factum a^ju^genftimarem. FarTj farr is it 
from tnc heart of our Gratious Soveraign ( who holds it his chief 
glory to be amicmfpoMfd ) to intend ought that might be prejudici^dl 
to your Cburph» If his late journey, his kbourfome conferences, his 
toylfome indeavours, his beneficial! defignes have not evinced his 
love to you, what can do it ? And can any of your^ think that this 
affeftion can fttnd with a will to hurt you ^ I know nothing ( if I 
may except Wis own foul) that he loves better then yoar Church,and 
State, and if he did not think this a fruit of his love, he would be ^- 
lent ; what (hall he gain by this , but that advantage which he pro* 
. -mifeth tohtmfelf of your good, in your sifimilation to other chur- 
ches ^ a matter wherein I need not tell you there is both honour and 
fticngth^ IShc 


t mmmt 

ia»— i—— i^w-^***^*^*'*^M^'^ in- I ill I fc —a fc^ 

Th^m^ncton^^reof driwes me ( towards dbe do(tife of my 
ion^ letter) whethfcr to an Apology, or^^tnccrprctacton ^my fclfj 
belike fonie captious bearers took hoi<l of words fpoken in fotec 
Sermon of mine chat founded of too much indi£^ncy in thefe bu* 
iinefles { nU b$$ t^erl^my viperA vetxmmias he faid ) as if I had cpen- 
edagapcoalawlcfs freedom, in reading that no church fhoold 
prescribe toother j that eachiheuld fit peace^ly down with her 
own faihions ; but did 1 fay (you diot heard can dear me ) thatone 
Church (hould not be moved with the good cicani|>]e of other ? that 
there are not certain faaedob{ervations,whkh(noQ]d be common 
to all churches? that though one Church might not prefcribe to o- 
ther ( bccaufe they arc fi&rs ) one King may not prefcribe to two 
Churches, whereof he is hcad.^ None of rhcfe, which I hate as 
m9nftrous j examples may mosre, aithority may prefle the ufcof 
things indifferent, expedient) itnd it is odious tofeem more holy 
thea all others, or to feem more wife then our heads. 

You have my opinon at large ( my loving and beloved Mr. Sira^ 
ther ) how pleafing it may be, 1 know not> how well meant, I 
know, if your letter were an biftoiy,iny anfwcr ii proved a vohtne^ 
My love and deflre of your fatisfadion hatb made me ( againft my 
«fe ) tedious. How well Wre every word beftowed, if it mkht fet- 
tle you where I would j howfoever my true indeavoor lodkslor yoor 
acceptation, and my aflFtiftionsand prayers (hall ever anfwer yours; 
who am 

troth m A hi J. nstr Mnf^iffiedljhvij^frieMd 

Jof. Hall. 

fiemrne my thanks and kincfet'etiiraib^ thofe worthy Cen- 

tlemen nom whom you lent nc commendatioas^ and to your 
Wife and all oar Fdends. 

' • j"_ -' 

1 1 


* < • 

" ' - » t % » » 



Qariflimo Aaro 

D. Baltafari Willlo 

Sc TbeoJ. D. 

In Bferaenfi! Ecckfia Piofcffori Cdcberrimo 

Crttt'tam ac Pacenr, 

SI qoaoi mihi mtfifti fchedcdam^ cenfores tui pcrtcgtflcnc 3 ( frarc v 
I adtnodum f everendc ) non opnsfniilct, m ego judiduoa hoc 
meum qaalectmque> interponctcm ; facile profcdto illi ( fi-; 
qtris pudor ) quaiQ tibi temcre objcitaiunt calumniaoi, & ulrro re- 
vocaflcnt : Tanto entm cum candore ahimi, tamqtie hrcfragrabili"* 
busindicih, teabillis five aiminationibas^ fcuvero impz&x hattc-' 
feos fufpicionibus quibufcnnqiie^ in hifce chartis Libentni; ur, poft 
horjiurmodi Apolosiam^ ipfa non habeat invidia, qnod tibi deinceps 
objiccre poffit, ede litcras tuas, refponfo mco parces : quandoqut* 
dcm tamen mcam de qaibofdanEt commcntariomm tnoram locis (en- 
rehtiamritaardenterdclidierasy non pofliimnon tibi in re Camilla: 
fatisfarere : Hoc vero inprimis ora obturet cavillantium, ouodejuf- 
modi elegetis operis m patronos j alios profc^ quaefivifles, fi in 
Armimiy ncdum Socinh caftra transftigerc voluiflcs : Non J>. Poli^ 
Mdrumy WgUum^ Ttfyfinrnj TtigUndum^ fidcra pridem in Dordraci* 
m oelo confpicua i ^ram infisper cenfuris tfta tiia cam modcib 
iubjcceriS) aut probanda^ aut, (i fbret opus, corrigenda^ 

Loca quae onendiculo fuifife ais,ei6aminavrfcdulo} niiitl proHus 
eft b prima prxfatione tua, ^od^ vel obcorto coUo traht poffic ad^ 
Keterodoxam aliquam gratia? divinae univerfalicatem ftabiliendam i 
fed & ilia in Zac-^sr. 4* ejufdem omniijo cenfus, nihil habenc errori' 
aiicui affine : Oftendunt tantom manifefhim gractae divinae, fucce- 
^imbusfeculis^etgaEcclefinaruam, ioLuotmis ihlvifici' expanfi- 





one ampliorc, dariorcquc, fpecimen , 8c increrocntum j e^o quid 
ver'us cogicari poceft i Concpiixunc profc6to & fin^nc i&ic errorcs 
malevoh^ noti inveniunc ; Abfolutam praecbftinacioncm ncgac 
prasFaciopoib^riorifcd^ eoienfu, quoclariflimus collcga tuus, />. 
LmJ. CrQti^t Syncagmacis f ig.^yS. non fine refpc^ ad ipfam dc- 
creti cxcnuioncm } decren inquis elc^flionis s fuiidamcntum Chrillus 
cfty condiciD ialvandis nnplcnda ; fides, & falvandis^ dixifti impicn* 
da > non in eligendis prasvifa y & pra^quiiita } cpiis fanus aliccr 
dlxerit? . 

Quae de rcprc5E)ationc dc finiifti^non alia font quam quae a Theahgif 
Dordracenis^ ex profrlTo cradiia font ; Nccenimaliud ett, Dcum ex 
abfoluta voluntate ncmincm cxcludcre a gratia, & a^tcmo exitio de« 
ftinarc^quam, Dcum ncmincm abfque intuitu pecciti damnarc voiu- 
iflc 5 culpam ergo reprobationis in morcalium pertinacia & incrcdu* 
liiate haercrc tutilfime , veriflimcque dctciminafti. 

Analy (in quod fptiftat' loci illius cclcbcrrimi ad Rom.g. norunt 
Vordracem omncs, me non monuiffc modo , fed & pro condone 
pubiica, obnixe ctiamefiUgitafTe, utadhocipfum cxamen, toca 
dc praedeftinationc controverfia revocarctur, ab utraque authorum 
Litigant:um parte tcntaium eft hoc palam : fobque proelo non uno i 
quo autem foccclfo, (ilere mavclim. Ccrtedum alii rigidiorem fc- 
aaniurviam, inabfofotamDcipoccftatcm, voluntatcmque, abfque 
ullarationc pcccati^rcjfcientcsplurimorumpcrditiommi alii libcr- 
tacis humanae Parafiti, ita foi juris fadunt homines ac (i nulli omnino 
decreto fubjicerentur, utrinque fatis periculofe pcccatur : dcferimr, 
medium tenens, verita^ 5 quae tamen a modcratis quibufquc ingcniis 
pificiofe coliiur : Quod tu dum facis, tuto proficere te sfynodi Or- 
tliodoxae Dordr4cen£ Theologis , nullatcnus advcrfari j quoties cnim 
qpamque roiunde cekbcrrimi illi do£lores profc fli font, Deum nc- 
mincm damnarc aut damnationi deftinare, nifi ex confideratione 
j>eccati?ut Britanninoftri,Art!c.i.Thef.5.Sed & fratrcs Hajpcrcos muU 
tis hocargunjcntiscomprobafle palam eft; Nee qui Theologorum cm- 
mum^ accuratius expremutvc iftud docucrunt, quam Brc menfes vcftrij 
nee abludit ipfa Synodi vox,quae reprobationcm ipfam definiens^prafte- 
rifos cos cflc,ait,quos ex liberrimojuftifrimo^irrcprehexfibili &iniinu- 
t^ili bencplacito in communi miftria in quam fc fua culpa, pneupita- 
ipnt^praereiitioncmj dcrclcftioricmquc (Synodi verba agnofdmus) ac 
dcinde, aetcriia? propter foam infidelitatemj & alia peccata puniti- 





onis decretum quis fanusinfidetur ? Diftin^oncm illam inter ncga* 
mam reprobacionem, five non eiei^onem^ & poficivani) (Ivc ptx^ 
paracioiiempoenaeeonim qui in ftatu camipuonis tcli&l^ judicium fibi 
mQdiiXxm\jmxxx!tium^^^ Refif^'ie nos 

nimisfaepe, Q:ati^divinxadcc)n«er&)n«nnQfirian^ nos importiine 
fatis invicanci, urgentkiQe, quis negic ? Modo conccdamr bi illud ; 
ellc quandam pecuiiarem gratiam five per Dd fapienciam, five pet 
ejus pocemtamadmuiiftratanijcui homo, xjuipeream vocactb-, non 
refifidc^Sc qiix a nulla dure corde refptikttr^ ^udd m ( cum Theoi^s 
Leydenftiti$\ {vx & illicom S. Augu^im^ i^cSSmt a(&niifti« Sed 
quid ^o telaoi tuam recexo ? Oculaius oportet advcrfarius fit, c^t 
in htTce novem de Reprohratione fe^onibtts^ quicquam invenerir^ 

Sod vericati divina?, fan^beque charicati non fit omni modo con* 

Mitior Paulo fidirtaile videii poteft ilia, quae de (^ncat ca^naepri^ 
vata adminiftratione moveri Lis folct ; quje tamen etiam Ecclefii^ 
noftris, nefcio qoas tuibas fecerit* Hie icilicec unus eft, ex quin- 
qu&iilis articujis PerthmU Ecdefiae; Stitkmt , a doftiffimo ReguM 
Jaeobo : VI. pridem pix^fitK, cnultotum ex inde cilAftmiii Attis fij-^ 
peique agttatus : praeter nofttos, deft^&nus Epifcbpus Serthineur' 
pi^ poft ilium, D^ Johmns fwhf^s^ aliique Tbeologt Aierdd* 
fienfes , ingenia hi& iua, noagna cum Laude exercuc^runt 3 Certe 
miroregO) qua tandem ftien raftoifs, pifvad cpidam Theatogt^ fit- 
hiberrimo faoic, fed & artticpiffimot receptimnidqpe in Ecclefia, 
mod (efe oppoiuerint. Unquam ne vetuit hoc privatim fieri 
Chriftas, aut Apoftoloiom quifquam ? Facite hoc, inquit Chriftus : 
Fadun!i piaecepit, non meminic loci : Initicutb ipfa falutaris eft, 
temporis Locivc circumftantia ita inter -w>«>w merito colloeanda, 
ut tanti facramcnti eflentiae nihil quicquam ptaejudicarc debeat : 
Qjod fi locum rpedlare velimus curiofius. In caenaculo cepit caena 
facta, nonintemplo; intraipe privatos, utm probe monuifti, La« 
res, ab Apoftolis, difcipulifque, pro temporis ratione, celebrata ; 
fynaxis eft, quis nefcit? Ideoque Ecclefiae Dei baud paulo congru- 
enrior : Si qua tamen poftulet neceffitas, five multorum communis 
five privata poftulantis, nulla dari poteft ratio, cur Chriftianis ani- 
' mis, praefertim cum morbis, morteque ipfa confli^ntilxis, ita gra- 
tum, &efficaxremediumnonultro fuppeditetur : •^'^ eft fanftis 
Patribus, LaiTo igitur, jamque in extremis agenti viatori, petenti 

Nn in-' 


ill fuper , qut umiem pieuce dctie^etuc i De tand hi jus (acramenri 
vircute, Chriftianus efle ne^cqai amhjgac, mm poteft igttur non 
pium c{& tarn falutaris katmnu (tefiderium^ cui nt tonpefttve {k- 
tisfiac^^caverunt, praeter doKosa te paocs^ authorefqie prebadffi* 
me$3 concilia etiani qm pauca^ Niiimm iUud Oecumeniojm^ 
C4». 13. Cartbi^uiefife qtiartumi Cm. y6y 78- rVwgfJr; i, Ci». 
2^ alia. Inter Ecclefi^ veio reforaiatas a te oooamtnMMaiSj cerce 
noftxae AmUcM^ non aUa iimaiiani fuit> IcnLcx^ fca Praxis ^ On:« 
pote QfOt haoc fibi regulam leiopet figcndbm fcnfucrit, totics a 
rdtiifimo Rege Jiirt^o. /^. in inoilcafiani ) nihiio Icnlgiiisc Rocna- 
na difoedcre Ecclcfia) cjeuun ilU a ie> a priaaigenia pomate di^Tffifle 
deptchendatur. Gtamcr ergo^ pie> ac pi»denter quasftioiicm m 
\mc ( fi quid ego judiouxs pofliim ) pertra^bdli^ rcnl|t]e tDtan tan« 
ca cum moderatione ac caute/a determinafti, at minim iit> fkjais 
veAronira deiocepi^ in tamrdttao'Veseque Tbeolo^co judicio non ac^ 

Breviter, de re cota (ic habetiD ; Confilntol iilerany qui dcdaia^ 
iione9ihaiictiia9^.ut¥aldepiaifi, Eockfioa^ie Dei penidldii^ e- 
dendanio jajaft]ue puUici fapewl^ceofent^ non: poiTum. ego non 
calculo me fiimfiiopere compr^^lMKe.^ Noo paium c re ftoerit Eccle- 
Gat^ ut hujofixiodi extec exMiplar amao^s^ & cquanteitatb^ 
Chrifttanfl^ wniioderatQquiri}m;ana»o> habeant quad tciiere de* 
beant) & qiy teattire mataerinc ^kmicadiccre poit ^^ tandem 
f^ite vkkantquod ettabveicere defaneiiiic i, Dtus^pads Author, Ec-- 
^cfiam £1401 totam in conoordt veritate ftabUiat.. 

JoC Exon,. 

^ • 


^ 1 

IIUIMJUillll.lJLf ' ' ■ "" " 


■mmttmrnm^mi'immtimmmmmr^m^immmimii^mmmmmmmm^mf^mf^^^amm^mm^mi^im^mm^^mti^m^am^m^ ■ iiwi i n 

H^veren4o in Chril^o Fri*tri> viiro claiiffimo, 



S- Thcok^ D. 

• • E T •... 

In Ulii£bri Schoia BreuMBiii PiofciTori 

U«m nobis olioi P»Ar<fhm coaciUavic amicicisin}) xni 
Cr$€$ cam & recokre faspius , ' & modis qtubufcunque 
foycrc quid ni fcncfccntibus cordi fty ? Vi^ep tc fplum^ 
CK collcgis tuis fupctilitem .-EroUfle. rclicpios^ ca^lmn^ 
que cum terra jam diu commutafle ^ Nos vcro quam diu 
He dimus ? F3rficcs intcrea, qui tcmporis hoc quantdumcunque bene 
agendo tcrimus y quod cenc dum facimus^ invidiam vel comicem^ 
vel faltem a0cclam, fato quodam fufiinere necede haj^mus : 

Pergant porro noftrae patientiae praecones •'*«» «& «*^*' 1*^3 mode 
^^itt^ , beatos nos hoc modo facient> dum vellcnt mifcros : 

Legi quantum pro tempore licuit, Syntagma tuums egrcgium 
profeSoopus, &tcdignum: Loca a te notata perpendi ferioj uc 
libere loqu v quod ccnfeo, occunebant mihi multa paulo enucleatius 
quam ab^iisTheologis fieri folet, in mamo hoc pr3cdeftinaiion!s 
myftcrio (^Xplicata, ^"c^* vero ilia, quae tibia qmbufdam objiciqui- 
ritaris qua! lapdem ratione hinc elici poflint>nullus compcrio 5 primum 
illud capui)Vere profcdb aureum deprincipiis humanae falutis probe 
( uti par eft ) penfiiatura & intelkdilm^ ao omni tc ini^a^i erroris 
fufpicipne facile liberarit.-Utcunque eftim univerlalcm Dei fo^^^^ 
foUtopleniusdilucidiufquedepinxeris, (quae quidcm nunquam po- 
tent, mciudice. nimium depraedicari ) cqm tamen triplicem illam 

Nn 2 uni- 



univetfalis clilc<5tionis limicationcm infuper addideris, omne amoves 
Pclagianifmi^ Hulxrifmique a cua fententia periculum : Nee enim 
communis ilia Dei mifcricordia, qua humano pi^cfertim generibenc 
vult, ficbcncplacet, (juicquamp«judicatfpecialiillibenevolentia?, 
ac amori, quo tlcdos luos gratioiifiime proleqfuicur : Fracribus qui^ 
- dcm omnib^ multiplicat J^(fpb fercufa ^ Bemamini vero nn; toi3 
Tuta func hie omnia dum nos aihil nobis tribuamus, Dei mifcti- 
cordite, in Chrifto filio fuo, totum falutis, & deftinandae & impc- 
irandae negocium acceptum ingenue feramus ; Quis vero tiU ilia o- 
diofaexprobrarec nomina^quae mubique confpuis & deteftaris i 

H^cc apud me illud^ fateor, aliquanmm^ & expltcatione qua-^ 
dam vide tur indigere, quodcapite 6. de gratia vocationis kGt. i6^ 
©ccurrit 5 ubi formulam federis gratis expofiiurus y ais, Peccatum. 
Primorum parentum, atquc adeo &peccatum originis^ tanquam o- 
pus Diaboliy ha£lenus dcltru£Uun^ uc Satanas propterea nullum jus 
&potcftatcmin homines habeacsitaut propterea nemo necefCirio 
damnandus (it , nifi nova peccata accedant^ quibus homines fianc 
gratiae ihcapaces^ac demio in plcnam (ervitutcm & Doftcffionem Sata- 
nas rcdeanr. Semper enim nuhi^ fed & aliis vifum eu, promiffum illud 
'dc fctpchtis capitc a fcmihe mulieris conterendo, intelligi de vi£to- 
^riaquamfemeaiUu^benedidumreportarit ftbi, ac cledtis fuis ; tic 
planius loquar non univerfali quadam deftru6^ione peccati originis, 
quafi nullum jus in homines habiium, fed in fuos elcAos nullum ; ne- 
quede origihali Ulo peccato tantum^ fed & de omnibus quibufcunquc 
iatanx molitionibus conftrui debere : invidiam tibi forfan alK|uara 
crcet ille lotus i donee nberiorc aliqua ihteipretationc viadkctur : 
Qiod ergo Pagina fequcnte fobinfers. 

Juftificationem vitae^ita vi mortis Chrifti in omncs homines tranfi- 
ifle^ ut liber tatem & jus ad vitam aetcrnam conlccuti fint^nifi per no- 
vam inobcdicntiamj & peccatum gratiam illam amirrant : hoc plane 
animo a te fcriptum cemco, ut de foli poifibilitate fub fidei habend:]e 
conditionc, ilhid intellexeris ; eo profijfto fc extendebat virtus vivi- 
fies illius mortis, ut qui aedunt a reatu briginalis peccati certo libc- 
rcntur : Ut quae non obftantc peccato five originali, five a^ali quo- 
cunque, & jus ad vitam, & vitam ipfam coilfcquantur, otquc re- 
conciliabilitas quncdam humani generis eo ufque, hac jatione, 
obtincrctur, quo quifquc mortalium modo refipifccrc fie credere 
poflir, falutem adipifcatur j id quod m ipfe ubiquc videris inurere : 


Nihil ergo ccrtius ctt, quam quod mox fubjicis , Chrifttim omnium 
hominum falurcm aliquo modo qud^vifle, omnibufque ad cam ali« 
quo modo profuiflc, quaefivic hoc ccne beneficcntifflunus fcrvator , 
quodquc noninvencrit in homines ipfos, non in redemptorem cuden- 
da eft haec faba j Qat potcft etgo falus efic quibufdam f.mpljciccr 
lioipoffibilis, quam ille ( quem penes eft ) omnibus, fub conditione 
fcrio obtuleriu & reapfc prarfure ( modo j[pCi fibi non deforcnt ) 
paratusfic; impofltbilis modo, fed & ccrta; quishic non tactce 
ac humilicer acquiefcat ; fencentiam banc veftram meminimus nos, 
Clariisimum D. Martimum coUegam tuum J, M. in Synodo Dordra-^ 
etna Thcfibus fuis illic exhibitis , aperte, plenequc , explicafle , uc 
mirum (it fuboriri modo quenquam , qui vos illi m£agrances tarn fe- 
to erroris infimulet : Breviter quoque oculos conjtcio, illud video, Sc 
in hac definam cenfura, mfi Le^ort charicas dcelTet, non deforce 
fcripco fides. 

Pra^facionem tuam quod' attinet, quae dc feptcm Afiaticis Ec^ 

clefiis commencari hbutc ( qua in re concinic tibi, uci video, Doftif- 

iimus Collega cuus, D. tvtlUuSy pafsim, in fuis & proloquiis & com- 

mentariis)lIaudoequidemvelut iHgeniofc fatis, ncque fine proba- 

bili aliqua veri fpecie, a vobis di£la v folide tamen, & ad mentcm 

Evangelicifcriptoriscxarata, conccdere ncquco jlllas ecenim ec- 

clefias feptenTjCilc typos quofdam^ hiftoricoprophecicos fuccedenti- 

um fibt, ab illo a^o, ecclefiae condicionum, quis lardatur ? Ta*e 

profcdo aliquid Brightmtmms nofter, aut PMrkerus vigilans fomnia* 

fit, nollcm vobis tantis viris excidifle, Gam palam fir, fpiricum 

faniS^m eas ipfas illius temporis ecclefias, fed & earum epifcopos^, 

iingulariter notaflc. Pcrfonalia funt, iliccr, quae paftori cuiquc ob- 

jiciuntur, ncc ad caetum integrum, multo minus ad Typicas, nefcio 

quas, lucccfliones detorquenda ; fed & incurrant in fe inviccm, 

quae de unaquaque ecclefia praedicantur ; ncc cuiquam iftarum fo* 

\\ diftinvte compcterc poi&nt 5 ut per omnia tencrc ncqucat ilia 

quam imaginamur, analogia: Aurea fcilicet ilia, & Apoftolica ae-- 

tas, quam per £/^/;^j?4m ecclefiam figurari vultis, uci non perdidcrat 

( quantum nobis innotuit ) charitatcmfuamprimam*, itajnonpror- 

fus immunis fuir, ab illis perlccucionibus, cpae feculis fcquentibus 

efibrbuemnt j In Smyrnenfi'ULh ferrca ( metallorum cnim (imilitudi- 

nc quadam haec omnii illuftrare maluifti )} fynagogae Judcoram jam 

lumChriftianifmo infeflifsimae non Echnicorum furores dcHgnantun . 


PolemicAhi vcro Pergamenfem quod fpc^tar, ipfc ji/mpas Martyr^ 
CO tempore, iine dubio, notilfimus, nomioarimj vclw ceccotifiiinae 
mctnori^ cekbratur, uc ccrto ccrtius fit dc re dudum praetcrita lo- 
cucum^ cum fpiritu, cvangclifUtn^ nee dc illo xvo^ (cui tu iilud 
confers ) vcre procdicare poceft I Nonaen mcum reiines, non negafti 
fidcm ] cum totus fere orbis ad ArriMifmum dcfcivcrit j ThjiUrehfi 
devocaeacreligbfse) qpe a C4r(»/9 nu^o ad Carelum quintum inccr- 
jciaaeftj quam null© jure imputaiut, quodpatiamr 'jezeheUm Pro- 
pheciflam ( HildehrMdinMi ncrape uc tu inccrpretans dominatio* 
o;irm ) fcduccre fcrvos Dei s quad in ecclelk illiite, in^potcotcr ad* 
hac delitcfcentiS) poccftace fuiflct , Romance Ecclcfias tyraimidcm 
^am cum impedirc auc coercere : Sardcnfi^ ilia five political quas a 
Carolo quinco, hucufque cxcenduur^ non cam cpi(copalis elt ais^ 
quam Princfpalisimemincris tamen liasc Angclo^ id eft Ep^po non 
Principibus difta fuiflfc i Illud vcro vifnc uc merito compccac Protc* 
ilancium caetui, [ Nomeu habes cpiod vivas fed monuus es s 1 KiDri* 
bunda corrobores ?] Abfic uc baec cam gravia noftris aggeramus^nolo 
fingulis infillcre ; praecer fcopum enim haec omnia, da vcniam ( co- 
lendiisime fraccr ) libercaci huic mcx : non pofTum cibi in ilia Apa^ 
tkarum Ecclcffiarum inccrprecacionc ( tc non admodum gravi ) con- 
fen tire juccunquc vcro praemK&e hx fidcm apud mc paruminvcnerinr, 
£oncIu{iencm camcn cuam, ex animo amplcdor, & exofculot s hinc 
Dempefumptaoccafioneccmpeftive ad concordiam Ecclcfiis Evan- 
;elicis fiiadendam dilabcris : Hoc ego cibi ac cuisinprimis graculor^ 
IOC precor , hoc nrgeo j certc qualifcunquc candem fucric ilia Sjir^ 
denfis 3 utinam, O ucinam, Ecclcfia Dei noftro hoc aero ad poccm 
fc publicam ( non fepofitoincerim vcricacis Audio ) unanimiccr com- 
|X)nerct ; video cquidem, & gaudio vos profci&rcs^dcdifsimos cc- 
Jebcrrimofque, Brmenfes pium hoc, Deoquc Angclis & homini- 
i>us gracifsimum opus promovcre paracifsimos cfTc. Id quod non 
#iiodo ex Durxo meo ftiadiofifsimo tanci bcneficii parario^nacOlabun- 
jdjis acccpi, fed ex fcriptis infuper vcftris facile pcrfentifco : Dolcr 
milii interim , c^od videam praecer iniquam cempotum oondicioncm 
aquorundam pcrvicac^^m •i^*^^^' facTofam^m hoc carpcum aliquan* 
ium rcmorari ; huraanum profcifio eft quod ifti fapiunt. 

lea ncmpe dediti func quidam vei fuis, vel pnecepcotum ruotum 
opinionibus, parciumquc fludiis percinaciccr fovcndiJ, uc ne verba 
<|uidem ( rebus cpanwm libec fiivis) indulgcr^ velint publico paci, 



acchariuti; Sane> c|ai ftca&di funC) ubi precium umcads Evan*^ 
gelicae planfe videncur nefcire 9 ica aliquando fine dubio fcnrienc 
quid fit ^ •c^^^^' i«ii» V •^-f , 8c Ecclcfiam Dei fuis manibus 
^H0g(fMun(qK inquietarc. Cerlc, fi quod in Synodo JDordfacena pro- 
pofitum fuit & a Thcologis cxteris fervidc fatis cxpcdicum^ paritcr 
obtinuiflct, pnecepta jam diu fuiflet omnis haec, quae modo vobis 
negotium faceffit> contendcfldi anfa: Memincris tu probe (ini 
Cr^ci ) ubi mc nimis iniqiia vaktudo, invjtum ab illo Doiftorum vi- 
rorum confcflu abripuiflec, incidiflc quaefUoMm, nonhcrclc intern- 
peftivaois SeiTione rja. dcRcjefliioneduriotumquaiundani^&in- 
commodiorum locwionuiBj quae in nonnullis Rcformatorum do^o- 
ttim faiptis paffifli rcpcriuntur, quae iHfiitnk>ribis fcandalum, ad- 
vcrfariis calumniam fubmrniflxarc folent j BritoHni noftri ThcologiV 
cotiiacocrant, (cd&cH^iffiM, ScvoscmmBrfmenfis , f ani hu- 
jufce concilii rationflxis paulo acrius uigcndis non defuiftis j potiora 
ncdicam, an plura viccrcftt fuffragia, non difputo ; ccrcc rejtaia 
Hla phrafium incommodarum pro tempore rejcfta eft s faltcm 
omittki nequidpatereturOrthodoxaauthorum, ita vcl durius vcl 
inprudentius locucoHim do^ina : Praefcriim cum, pr«tcr aliar 
rationcs, plurimi cffcnt ex iis loqucndi modis, qui dcxtrc 
ac comnaode ( modo charitas adhibcrctur ) explicari pdTenr y 
ncmpc fcderunt ibi aliqui, dcccddia Dei alias bcncmeriti Theologi 
qui in hoc gencrc non nihil forte Pcccaverunt : praetcr alios etiam 
mclioris not« primipilos^ ( moao •<^w/'*« )^orum exiftimatior i' 
hac ratiane paululum indulgerc vifum eft 5 abfit vero ut ego tot, 
untorumque Thcologorum ( quorum mcmoriam rcvercri ?o!co ) 
judicium vellicare^uum,, tstinam tamen ( fas enim mihi erit> etiam 
tarn fero opta0c ) charitatis pietatifque publicae ratio, eo ufque a^ 
pud do<fiifsimos viros clarifsimos fratres noftros, valuidet, ut inter 
Do6trinae Orthodoxae incojumitatem, & phraic«»' incommodarum) 
pcriculum, inter quonindam authorum exiiftimationem,& commu-^ 
ncm Chriftiandt Reipublicae indemnitatem paulo accuratiorcm di- 
ftin^^oncmadhifaniUent. Qaid enim ? Opus ne habet Ortfaodoxa 
Do^ina hujufmodi fulcris ? Atonpn co magis ccMiftat illafibi &ho- 
iiOTcm fuutneo magis irtviolatum fervat, quo ab illis intutiomm 
lQ<jftt?>fti«n>qfa5^^ liberior prodidrit ? Nonne, palam eft hujuf- 
tifi^Ai duriufailas loqnendi formas non pau'um prasjtrdicii creaffe ve»^ 
tati pacem vtro publiam vcl ex imo turbaflfejquis non videt i En mo- 
do aon fiM an& GakBSHuarividc£ituradverraru,nos a^i^lTse return 


M *■>' ■■ 

w ig» ^" m I ■■ I 


■ I I ■ - - — 

illarumrolsecinm^s, qui ram incotnmodis louitionum modis viden* 
tuv inuri } Hinc caufaDci non parum patiiur & Daoani, & oppro 
l^rii i fine vero ex illis loqucndi forraulij, qaaedam ab ipfo fpirim 
(an&Oy in faais litcris, alicpiando ufurpatae : hinccine fccpicmr ut 
t^3e per facram quandam hyperbolein<.xprimcrc volnit Dcus ea nos 
limplki fcnfu, vclut axiomata Theologka tuto propinare pofsimus , 
x>ibi Chriftiano? £c paremes ^ animam noftram odlfle nos jubci a* 
iiwubi Dcus i novimus quo fcnfu uounquc j jam (iquis, hac autho- 
ticate frctus, abfolutc, fimplicitciquc docucrit, officium cfle Q^fti- 
ani cujufquc abdicate parenccs, fuam ipfius animam proculcare^ fatfii' 
fanus videbitHr ? Cukcllum aliquando gucturi applicarc, jubct per 
£akmonem fpiritus ^ quifquamne fohrius hoc propr io & litcrali fen- • 
ill faciendum fuafcric ? Indurare cofda^ & cxcaecare oculos dicirar 
Deus, nos hxc ipfi vekic propria quaedam & immediata cf- 
fcdta tribuemus, fiais ergo relinquendus eft Deo loquendi modus, 
quod illc figurato quodam fcrmonis cxccflu cxprimerc mahiit^ non 
nobis illico crahi debet in iimplicis enuntiacionis exemplar. 

Sint harum phrafc«n aliquas ^ quas fano fenfu ipfi cenfores ad* 
mifcrint ; fmt plurimae^ quae dcxtrc ac commode ( modo duricas 
adhibea.ur) explicari poffinti atqui interim^ de fano illo fenfu, 
inter partes lis erit vel maxima ; & charitas base, dbilites incalcf- 
cere cae^ erint) ubi locum invenit? Certe, qui litigare mavoluntnon 
folent ica bcnigne cum adverfariis agere, ut fenfum ( iiquis fit ) con* 
itroverfae propontioniscommodii&mum, eruerevdint : (ic ergo lo« 
quitutum eft, ut qui cavillari ftudet, (fi fieri posfit) locum non 
Habeat ubiaut uncum, aut pcdem figat i Medeaturvero huicmalo 
charitas, cj^aero tamen jam mcritislimo , utiliusne tollendis, an 
commode intcrpretandis hifce formulis Mt charitas exercuiflet? fd^ 
teas eft non procul a via^profundus & itirieranti periculofuSjgratiufne 
opus feccrit viatori, qui ilium radere ac lapidibus adobruat^an qui juf* 
ferit incolas^monerc iliac tranfcuntcs, nc fc incauti pr^cipitcntjmor- 
busmihi mimtanir> novi(faopharmacopo(sim c'pi dblo^m lehire 
tandem , & merus, alioqui forte fecwura, periculum evadere i 
confultumne mihi erit fincre, ut malum hoc ingrtiat,"& ingravef- 
cat, cui tempeftivo potuifltm rcmedio occurriflc ? Ego certc fifes* 
ajjeretur mea, curarem cum primis noxios humores mt ecntijzi five 
oportune expurgari 5 & cardiaca deindc quftiis natumcbiitfii noftes- 
impetum corroboretur, fubminiftrairi , fie & in illis, ifia^Ecctcfk 
periculumintentant, five erroribus, five paium cutis dogmatibus, 


nww— — IS— — gi—c^y wMii^— i nw— <»i»i . iiii ■! ■ ■ ■ 

i<* ■ » 


— ^ rri T in rrn !■ ■ wii r • i 

five male (km lociwiontbus fa^^m oportuir, & it« pioculdubio fc- 
ciflentgravilfiAiiilU, Doi^ifsimiquc Thcplogi, fiiftum, cjucm mo- 
do ccrnimus, toUcrantiae cxitutn^ jam turn prxvtdcre potuHTcnr ; 
ubi enim iili hac ratione pact publkas litacum volucrunt, contra c- 
venir^ jursbmm ac difcordiarum femina ( quod maxtmopcrc de* 
Icndumcii)hinciiide, pcragros Ecclefi* infclicirer ja^a, ubique 
pullulaffe ; ncque decric unquam ( fi quid ego hariolari poflum ) 
canc6ncionuminaccria> donee iftalitium infaufta feges aurhoritate 
publica radicicus cvelli^fsit i Qi^od uti fiat, cxorandi font orbis 
dominie ut conventu Uoiftorum Theologorum tcmpeftive habito, 
comciiuni confilio ( intervcnicnte iplbtum un^Hrno ) tollahtur ifta 
five calami, five mentis •^^'wi- qualiacunque. 

Qaod dum fieri pofsir, monendi rogandiquefunt: do^ifsimi qui« 
que viri frates noftri Charifsimi, eoufque uti paci ftudcant omncsj 
ut pafthabita vetboium cura rebus ipfis compooendis operam &am 
toti impendant: Id nimirum folicitos nos habet,ut Veritas Dei in cor* 
dibus hominum (nobis fuaforibtis} locum invenire pofsit; hoc 
vero, fi quo fuaviore, acblandiore modoeificiqueat> nonnc multo 
gratius, ^tabiliufque foret) quamut rigtdiore, ac duriufcula agendi 
ratione, bilem, fcaBdalumve infirmiori cuique moveremus : ulcus 
mcumqui leviore cra^averit manu, mode non minus cito fanave* 
lit, dignusefl: quern amicius excipiam. At at, nifi in re ipfapau* 
lulum haerercmus non ita nimium de verbis laborare ptecium operas 
ducertmus : De ipfis qoidem, fateor, notionum quamndam mo^ 
mentis, altfluidlitieiiefl, fed, quod vixcernat oculatus arbiter, vix 
curet pacificus : M eundem video exitum veritatts Theological ten- 
dere utriufquq partis fcntentiim, non fine aliquo interim, in via, 
difaimine; non eft quod de uAoquoque veftigio nimium foliciti fimus 
qdn poft pafiiis unius,altcriusve divertiunculam idem omnino ftadium 
cmetimur, molUor placet huic femita, illi calcata, vel filicea, refta 
duclt utraque ad metam eandem i quis iftic jorgio locus ? quod fi 
fua cuique (uti fie) placuerit fententia, nee c]^is cedere velit altcri 
pauloalitcianimifuifeiifiimexprimenti, litefquc adhuc inter par- 
tes infeliciter continuentur ; illud ego firatribus rheis cum primis lua- 
feriih ( quod in omnibus hujus generis controverfiis tutifsittinm, u- 
tilifsimumque femper expertus fum ) ut ad genetaliores quafdam 
enuntiandi formulas confugiamus ; ncque ultra terminos ita fixos, 
finarar alterutrius partis difcurfus evagari 5 Quod de dolofo com- 

O municcr 


iQunicct dicifolebat olitt^ liccat mihi de pacifico dicere s verfattt 
ille in gencraiibus j nee quid penfi habet ad fpecialififima quacqoe 
defccndcic } ncmpe^^ ex imis illis conceptuum humanorum firadh- 
onibus^ ac diviTttinciilis, oimio quam accuratis, oriii fc4ent difcor- 
diae, inter illos^ qui vel de praximis retum capidnis perpacate 
confentirent, Hac profe^b racbne> pliiriaiae^quibusorfakChJtti- 
anus xniTere confli^nir, lites fopiientttr : Cauce tameR iffie, 8c 
non fme fumma fide> ac fana difcredone procedendmn eft ^ tit 
force, dum pad nimium intenci faoius, veritatis imegriiatrm vei 
viQleoiuS) vel inique fupprimamus s vki ergo de ipfis ChnfiiaiiaB fi« 
dctcapinbus deque fomma reiigionis quseftio eft> nihil non argcri 
debet, in quo falus vercicur. hominis Chiiftianf^ nihil iftic mm 
momentofum, & quovis digmiin cemoaine videri. debet, fed u- 
U de Dogmtacibus quibufdam fete adiapfaoris, deque trids ( uti 
fie ) Schdiaftids, a falatis five fpe, five peticula Imge aU^s^ 
dtfpuatur, non eft quod nimiis anxie (ingtua difquirasnus, & de 
minioiis (pub^]ue opinionmn apkibus curiofius coniesdamiiS) fae 
eritingeneralioribus quflsufdam exprincndi modts i^nfpftafle. 

Quod fi qui fine optmonum foaium paulo tenadores, ^i de 
kvimmis quibufque cohtreverfianam partkiilis velnd Pro aris acfo« 
LIS digladiari malunr , valde expediens fuerit, illuo nnom praxis 
puc accurare, m Hit, moderatis quBxifque agcndi radcMiSxiSy 
< fi fieri poffint ) convincuitur ; inter quas nulla noiht, fet io cogi« 
tanti, occnirif probdbilior, quam ut certae quxdaai figanror rc^ 
gulas Dogmadcas, irrefragabiles illae quidem & utrique parti in 
confefib, ad quarum veluti examen utrorumque fentcntias redu* 
cancur, exigantuique : Certum eft, enim,vera quzqoe tEibiqiie 
•im^tcni.^ qo« ergointerfecemparataabindobitate vensdiflbna- 
rc dcprehenduatur, in falfi fufpidonem ^ffime incurrunr 5 Ut 
in hifce quas modo fub manibiis habcmus contiovcrfiis, funto, fi 
placer, hujufinodi* 

Fieri . lion poteft ut voluntatis Dei quas omnium cattfa vft, 
cauia detur uUa^ nempe hoc forer, prseter ciiriofam quaodara info- 
Icmiam, ultra infinitum procedert« 
a; Ec fi Dcus jttfte ud potuilTct jure Ibo abfolmo in creatuws feas ,. 

fccundum ordmacum taraen jus, ac rcvelatum, procedere 8c foletj, 

J, Cum Dcus fit ipfa eflenualis bonitas, fapicoiia, juftida^adco- 



_^^ _ ' '■! - - < '" ' ^ ™ p— ■■— ^J^ r»i ■■ I , . ^^,.._^_^ 

32 1 

• | L • 1 T-TT>ni|ll " • ! ' " ' — ■ ■ ' ■ ■ ^ ^^^^^ , ■ ! - , ■ ■ - ^ 


^ omnis tonitaiis, fapicntia , juftui« , fon$ & fcaturlgo, nAfl 
potcft tb illo flueW) qaoidiion petrcde bonuiti^ rapicns^ juttumquc 
ficj inillius ergo ^^* humill«ne *ctlittcfcere ilcbcmHs creimrse. 

Scd Sc hinc neceifarie fequimr nihil boni inefle pofle aeaturac, 
aUlquod^ipf(^<)onioBiiiis ptiacipks irt<licura fuerit^ & ab ipfo 

Sed fie hocMuper } I>»ua non c(Ie ttcb(>«ef!i peccati. Dlad fo« 
kbae otfeqdkuli) tarpcpraecendere, D. Tikmts^ hirfpes olim meijs, 
jam com nniiatas iafelidcer iententiae reus <)uotundam nofltotum 
fj^orcj ^diqmd faicln Deuuconjict) fan^fsioio !p(kn mimine indig* 
num proceiUtus intcrea ocnaia fe paracum concedere^ m«do Dct 
)»9nicas> & Jufticia hac in re incegra & illibata confervarctur, abilt 
vetoutquis Chriftiantts alicer aatfenuat^iuc locpacur : Omncs in 
kaoc fcntendam pedibus imtts BnaniEmccF> reus pcrj^atur blaf- 
ph^raaS) <|Qi cum Fhrim y contra hifcere anfir. 

Dcum neminem damnare nifi propter peccatum, damnatio e- ^^ 
nim a£his eft punitivae juftitise> punioo autem culpam fupponir s 
c|aiseriim juftus ple^at innocentem ? 

Deum ferio invicaie omnes vbkunque teiraium ad fidem & peni- ^, 
tentiaai) ^ Tub ilia conditioner ad falntem : non ecx folum animo 
ut ijdde fiant ineKcufabiles ( hoc emm nihil ibnac phiUmfaropicum ) 
feduc vere fi jufib praeftiteiint, aflc<{aaamr qood eratiofe propofuin 

re prs^ftinationis nihil nobis negodi tiSt oebet cum arcanis 8. 
:onfiliis fed fecundum revclatam ejus voIimtatem> de nobis, 
aliifve judicandiim ; ita ergo not gerete dcbemus in tota vitas noft^e 
iofti^tione & in operando falutem noftram, ac fi nuili txxidto l>ci 
decicco fubef&mus. Qiid ad te, O homo, <1U0d in coelo ftatutum 
eft I Fac ra quod fanAifiimus , & juftif&mus , Creator) 
RedempcDcqcie, tibi injunxit fadendum^ non potes non mtus & fal- 
vus efle i alias, fruftra es, qui tibi falutem poUiceris, fie itaque fidei , 
pmtentiae, bonifc^ operibus danda eft opera, cptXx ab ill'is unice 
pcadoct fiUus, 3c immumttis ab omni reptdaadonis pericuU^ fie 
cavenda infidelitas, omnifque legis divinae certa, ltd)enrque viola-- 
tio, ac fi fepofita quavis abicondid decreti radone, damnatio iftinc 
feOueictur ; qui feius fecerit, & a priori, dc aetema fui conditionc 
judicium ferct, mtfeie abacetor fecietis Dei confiliis, quae filenter 
In adabos ad converfionem pra^viis, bonifque modbus <f90$ fpirftus ^ 

O o a Dei 


330 ___^__^ 

— — — . ■ ■ I ■■■III ■ n il I .^M^iM^— a— ^— ^— — — — ^^,^»^i^— ^—a ^— — ^^ 

Dei ingertt > etiam nondum renatis, Deus nemincm defcrit, ptius 
q^amdeferatur ipfc ; folaer^o culpa fua ad legcneradoticm ferio 
invitaci gratia ulcerioie deltituuncur^ & fpontanea infidclitate & 
contumacia pereuoc« 

Sed video mc longius quam mihi piopofueram cxcunj£le^ vide. 
^0 mc provexcric pads amor^ at ego ifta vhiy Thcolo0> exeici* 
tatiflimo fu^ererem^huic tu ptasfomptioni ignofces ; & fi qiud er- 
raverit feitinado mea, ctfxiitcr monflrabis : Peiges demquc bene 
velle fauic, cyaara tantopcte boni omnes expetinus. Pad, & Duraeum 
noftruai) fidii&iuiin ejusproxenctamoraniamore ac lhidio> <|iod 
^^ '^ profcc{ai & mutuis imuper predbus^ piifque offidis bean. 

Timm in Cbri3o/nUrem 



'^mmmt^mmmmm mmmmmmmmmmmmm^ ■ ^ ,1 , , , , , uw^i^mmmmm^^^ 


» ■ • 


S' . 


* .» ' 



Clariffimo VirOjTheologo graviffimOj 



S"*Steph. Ecdciia^ Bremensis Paftori 

Vigilahtiflinuy^^ Salntem ac Facem. 

Nosxibat mitu Iket plus modo qiiam cut fcrendo par fin» 

oneris < reyerende admodum in Chriilo frater ) non po- 

tui camcn commicccrc ut votis cuts tarn piis^ tain pad- 

&CIS deefle videier ; Ipie oirabo ne Bihil rcfpondcam^ 

^nofcetu, {ibcevins» 

Dockracionem tuaoFttiiun Artknloram ittconventujclcri Bremen'^ 

fis ptddedetufii, gravemillam quidem, moderacam^ folidam ^ vc« 

recji Orthodoxaffl quanta potui com cura perlcgi^ daufulafque fin- 

gulas pendtavi fedulo ; quoqne aocuratioii tiutinae iSngula fubjcccrim 

eo giagis iubiit aniiAuBi^ mirarlcpidtllud tandem fit) quod parum 

»]uis,apQd voscenforibusdifplicere poffitjuut ubrdcmum lateat illud^ 

<]c quo quofdam ais immaiic (^antam conqucri, Pelagiaflifmi five 

( quodhorribilius didu ) Socinifint virus. Fallor fi qua mic occurrat 

phraiis:»aatverofyIlabaj^uatvelcxiprofacroScripturanani fontr, vel 

ex faii^oram panum rivnlis^ vel denique ex aliotum probatiifimo 

tiun autbonim ( pracfertim veio Theologonim DordrMenormn ) fituls 

parum petitafit :^ fA^&cvtto urquis iftorum cuiquam tam^pi^igio- 

teopinionis crimen impingere aufit. Cautiustu quidem, & paula 

mc^ttis exprimere maluifti haec divinae vcritatis arcana, quam rigidi« 

ores quidam ( iani licet ) Theok^i folent v ^zm! tibi five prudejiti* 

am^ fivemoderattoneaiexammogratulor: Ilicet haec rc^a eft ad 

. fChttltianam ooncordiam via, hoe eft cuod vox clamantisin dcferco 

prd»:oniata:.eft oUoi, pacatcfeaittamDeo pacisafpcra in vias pla- 

aaexec&ig^ere :\Aa]kiIentalif5 it wdont, perdumosfalebrafque^com* 

pUieoiBSBos CqQaatttmpoffimu»}.£K^ calks, ut libero ac 

• ' ' ' ' inof- 


m vi i H I mmmm^^m^'mmm^mm 

incffcnfopcdc coelum vcrfus progrcdi liccat j i.)uantgin cuinquc fwc 
opeiae huic ncgotio pofuetimus^ arduum facis compcriemus hoQ iter 3 
iion eft quod nos viam infuper filicc tternamus, auc vcpribus ; Ncfd- 
uncpcotc£toqut tfta cruninanturi ncfciuiit, quantum dc Temple 
Dei mcrcantur illi, ^ fca faxa fcu trabcs fahricas' kuic cxaedificandsp 
dolarc^ac ievigare noranc, modo idy .prdefcrtim, abfque nimiotnalie* 
acionisltrepicufieri jpolfici quod ^avitaccm tuam admodum pni« 
denter iftic ailaboraflc fcnno« 

Qiad ad rem ipfamacttuct^ cp^ fan^e TMpgias candfr- 

^lamscft^ qui mcrito mortis Chrifti limites quofdani fuos figcndps 

cenfeac ? ncmpc omnipocciis eft, infiiHt^ccjuc virmtis iUe Dei filkis^ 

quibu$ ergo redimcndis, & carnem inducre . & fanguincni fuum cf- 

fundcre voluitjiis ut non fuflSciat, (quod fibi pr«ltituit ) univerfis 

qiiam nimis (onare videtur •^*<m>*''* GcnetianicmbaDDafiotedaociit 

do & ^'"hff^ & mortem fijaminceiidifkbenignifiimi^^ 

mpcorem^quocies quamq; cxprefle docct 5cripcDra?Cum veto am^i 

fano difpliccre pc^ic l^cfpiiunsfan^CHbiinfactisiixcrisoa 

Phrafeologia) qui fie qiiod noftro cranicripu calamo panim arrideat ; 

Ilia certc diftin^o inter ( ipio quidcm a^ > fuflBdentiam^ e£ckn« 

tiamquc mortis QirilH, inter mtritnm ex una parte, & ctfcdumc- 

ventumque Tihf 4itfi[rip/rir illius redemptionis, cxolterayntcrptectam 

^('V iafiniti, & falutatcm ejus appUumonem ita &c vera & neccffittia 

cil^ut ablque ilia fieri non poffit, qoin perperam de magno muodi 

falvatorc, de^ie myfteriolb redemptioois negotio fentiams : Gerte 

ita pro omnibus mortuus eft Chrifius, nt paium interca profit (xnni* 

^ bus ad falucem : Non illo ergo in fcofu prj omiiSxis mortuus tfk 

Judiclo C^^^^ ^0 dodtifsimus PdrdMS ( cui conjiinunt & Thoologi F'^hm!) 

de $*Arr. vocem interpretacur, ubi iit mori pro aliquo propric cSe > morce 

Art. aa fua alkjuem a morne liberire, feu iu mori alicu jus loot, utipTcviMKi 

Sent. Fa- eo quidem modo hax loquendi formtila^non meritum modo fed et cf- 

lat. the- (ficaciam univerfalem^ effe^mque commuM mortis Chrifli com* 

cUArt.2. pledcretur ^ quod nemo fanus ( cum Huiero ) 'Mi c|uaatum li- 

t^^t' 4* bet falvificae) attribuendum judicarit : Hbcvefoquodiumfiathcflitt- 

num certe culpa fit, non j^rvatotts. InOeletti hoc meficoeum Gszch 

phylaciO) fat repolitum eft Thefanri / redimendis coc nuiidbnim 

myriadibuS) quotfunthomtnum capita ^jquodfi quiitafint vdfi|- 

fx>rdi> vel praefrado ingenio) tftquanuimvis voce £vangeltt Ma&iri 

acincicati^ m^coMverepcdein^Oiecmai^ pe^ 



tcncb reportandocjvic fuo ( quim libet ingcntt ) pretio^ digni tunc iJU- 
ccr Ppi captivi moriaSitur 5 quid hk interim decedit tofimtae redemp* 
toris munificcntiae i ^ S^;ft. de 

' Placcre mihi folct heic MoUmi mei, viri clariflimi fatis apta fimi-^ 5- Artk. 
litiidoj illuftrandisj illumintmlilciue omnibus^ daius eft fol huic niun- ^^^P^^^ 
do^iunt tamen caeci non pauci. Tunc alit carcerum cencbtis damnati, 
fomno fepuld fuRc alii : Parum innintur ifli omncs folis bcnef:cio> 
qoid hoc ad magnum illud ac munificum Inminarc ? Oculati quotr 
qaotfunt^ fubque die vigflant gaudenc hac luce, illiufquc );adiisre'- 
focillantur i paritcr fc Mbet cum mortc Chrifti/:u jus fiuftus • •^•^•' 
patcicicqutdem omnibus meriterie, non efBcacitcr : in fe fuificit 
omnibus} non omnibus intcrea five ad rcmifsionem five ad falucem 
applicatur ; reconciJiabile eft hac raticme totum genus humanum; 
aduauremucreconcilietur, quiddamaiiud infupcr rcouiriiur ; im- 
pletio fcOtcec conditbnis gratuiti fosdtris, quae in fide recipientts 
confiftic : Credunt autem el&cacifsimk virtuce hujus fatvifkae moras 
qaotquoc ad falurem ordinaci func ; banc vero dxprimendi formuiam 
quod parum ferrevidcanturThcologiJ?4/ia/>/ j bine fit, quod Re- 
monftrantiunin(MinuJ[Iis(!ongtttS multo quam paf erat procedentibets) 
contra-venirc iftic ftudaerinr, utpotequinonmcritum modo fcdct 
efficaciam mortis Chrifti toti hnmano generi «Shi commuhicare vidc- 
antur j re tames ipfa fratres Paljiim dc merito prccioquc mortis 
Chrifti infinito, apphcabili qaidem univerfis ( fi poflcnt credere ) i^^lJ^^^ 
m 3rtalibus, folis eleftis falutariter applkrato idem nobifcnm fcneunt. J^' J^^^ 
Sed & cfadem ipfa eft promilfionum infuper divinarum cxtenCoj per jf^[ 2! 
totum terratum orbem nemo homo eftjcui non iftae libc re promulgari, prof of. 2^^ 4 

& pofsint & dcbeant ; occurrat mihi q^iivis vel Tmrcaj^cX Jud^ni , vel c^ 5, ^ 

jMiffiSy quidni ego fidenter, JS^ferio illi dixerim. ItaOhomo, pro ' 

te morttius eft Oiriftus, juf fi in iipfum aedideris certo falvabcris s fed 
& omnium eadem plane ratio eft, quae unius^: Qikquid fit, cb de* 
feftumfalutarisprecitcertumeftneminem anquam periiffc ncmi- 
nem un<|aam peritunim ; fie ergo ( ut Theologi noftri BritAnni plene 
& perfpicue ) Chriftus wo omnibas mortuus eft, m omnes & fin- A 

gnli, mediante fide pofsint virtute ^^^^iv^ hujus , remifsionem pec- 
catorura, & Wtam aetemam confequijSic pro c'c&is^ morcuus eft, at 
ex merito mortis cja^,feciindlim ete mum Dei beneplatitum, fpecia- 
liter tSis deftinato,8t fidem infallibiliter obcinc atit,& vttam etcmam. 
Brcviter, ita primum hunc de morte^ 8c merito Chrifti articulunt 


» ■ ji P I I ' l w m 


"or . 



tra£tafti w plane habeas fcriptuMJi patf es, fcriptorcs qjiofquc Onho-r 
doxos, libi plena ore fwffragantes ; fed & Ecdcfia nollra Anglicana 
icahic tota tuaeft, ac fi iplilTuna illius verba fniifes ubic^uc nmm- 

Secundum porro acticu una ( mee cjiidem judicto ) dkivk poreft 
folidiufrie, an modeftius cxpgeris, fi quis alius in tota Thcologia, ille 
profefto dcreprobatione locus, lubricus eft.; inquolabi, &tatilc 
lit, & periculofum, tu vero ita caute iftic movifti pedcm, ut neqnc 
blandioces deacti «ftimatores quicc|uam, quod culpent > invcnirc 
poffint, nee fcveriorcs, quod dcfiderent 5 eo magis mihi mirandum 
videtur quid illud fit, quod cente iia praetcndere poffint fci tiflimi 
cavillorutn artifices ; Dicam certe qaod res eft, toiu5ifte(uti ate 
cxplicatur) locus nihil aliud eft, qpam fententiarum X>jrij/r4r/'/?4;r*m 
accurataquaedamcontradiunQiIai itirqua non fenfum modo illiba- 
tum, fedct plerunque, vtrba ipfiftlma fatis curiofe retinmfti; Qja 
fit er^o ut quibus ilia Synodusin pretio eft, tarn jufta ac fidelis cjul- 
dcm^ifpliccat epitome ? Certe ni tu ^itum intendascgo c^id hae- 
reat nuUus inveniam* Enim. vcro, efle quandam reprobationcm , 
camque ab ceterno, quisdubitat? Sed & banc reppobationem, (qua • 
omnipotentis Dei aiSum fpedat ) e jufdem effe quorundam hcmii- 
num quos deCTCvit Dcus in conunufti mifcria, in quam fc fua culpa , 
praecipitarunt, rclinqucres tandemque non tantum propter infidelita- 
tcm, fed etiam csetera omnia peccata, ad declarationem ^iftitix 
fu« damnare, & ceternum punire 5 fie illi , culpa ergo & peccata, 
ita hie interveniuntjuc pofitiva reprobatio abfc^e his non fine fumma 
injaria,r)eo attribwatur : Hoc eft quod tu, ex Auguflinoy Fulgemio , 
Frojpcro , ex emnibus Ecdefiarum confelfionibus, ex Orthodoxis 
quibufque authonbu$> facili negotid cviceris : Meritilfimo ergo in- 
veheris in illorum explicationcm , & figidam & plane iniquam, 
-quieledioni liberi, &gratuitaereprobatlonemabfo!utam, exmero 
odio profeftam opponendamcenfent: Ecquod enim odit Deus 
^r«er peccaium ? et propter peccatum y non, in fc , creaturam^ 
fuam i Hoc fane fcpofito, vidit Deus omnia quae feccTat, & bona 
pronuntiavit, quomodo vero fe W'^tf»«» praeftaret Deus fi hominero^ 
qua hominem odio haberet 5 Praeibis ergo & tu mihi verba ilh^ 
quibus ego lubentifsime affentior, ut fumme pia, & fuavifsiro* ilia 
vox eft, nos gratiuto ex mera mifericordia, & benepladto Dei fuillc 
ele^sinChri^adfalutem, itaoec fatispia nee tolcrabilis altera^ 



Merita pcrircalioS) ctiamn in Admo non eficntperdici) quoniam 
Dcusita pra^fccit.Chriftum Ecckfiae fuae caput, uc in co fcrvcmur, 
non omncs^fcd cfi iuipus eJcilf. Qtiod zclus hie tuu$, ut Sc bonicu- 
iulque exardcfcacj hon hcrclc miror 5 Quid cnim Ikx; alind eft, nili 
tyrannic^m quandam affingcre aufcricoraiflfimo Numini } Abloluta- 
ij>fais in ctcaturam potcmia quonfque fc cxtendat, ncmcr eft qui 
dubitet : illam vcro ut in nosexemt, excrceatquc Lcus, qui cum 
ordinate Jore aim hominibus agcre decrcverit, cotics dilc^ionc m 
fuam^demcTiuiXiquehuaiaasraluci^ durius cftquam 

at a quoquam Chriftiano cogitari dcbeat j utinam veto odioix hu juf- 
modi loqucndi formulae, aiit nunquam pio alieui, dcx^oc^e reformatae 
Rcligioms profelTori excidiflcnt> aut fi aliqiuando temcre *«* ^^ 
cxceflcrint, ^terna^ oblivioni damnatae iilico luiflcntj Hujufcc lur- 
Furis funt incommoda^ ilia?, bc incongruac locutiones, quas THcologi 
Dopdraceniy non pauci, rcjici, corrigiquc volucrunt ; quod & iixne 
tcmporis faAum milfctjuifi quorundam cxiftimationi forte plus nimio 
faifkc indultum j Qua de re largius aliquanto faipfi ad Colk^gam 
luum dariflimum D. Crocium ; Litcras ille mcas tecum fine dubio 
communicabit > in eadem vgs navi eftis uteiquc, e jufdcm confilii for- 
tes ut fitis, ipar eft. Interim, Aijalyfis haec tua ( ut in hac rcfolvendi 
facukatc praecellere te video) fcopo loci illius optimc quadrarc vi- 
detur, ncc a quoiquam merito impuMari potcft : lit Scriptura tota, 
ita ilia cum ptimis ad Romanos (quod p^trum do^^ffimus olim ) 
plena eft fenlibus i vix daripoteft ita certa loci alicujus rcfoJucio, 
quin & aliafatis coHmiodapoffir,fortafsis fuperadjici : fuis alii litent 
fententiis, ego toam banc loci contexturam & explicationem vaidc 
prdbo 5 fi quis contra mufsitet, die illi meo ( fi vis ) nomine, carpcfc 
multo facilius cflc quam emcndare. Tuveto, vir ccleberrime, per^c 
quod facis, fandis hifce, piifquelaboribusde EccfefiaDci bcnepro- 
mcrcri 5 & ( quod tibi ac tuis ex animo gratulor ) f^^<»«"^ ^>^^y 
precibufque tuis adjuva ^ 

Dat. in Pallat. DtvotlpmvmtihimDomiM 

iioltro£vw. Fratrm ac Sjmmjfim 

Pp Jof. Exon. 



O F, 
Some Meet C O N S I D E R A T I O N S 

To the Learned P R O L O C U T O R>. 

AncI CO itie reft of the 



i Earned and Reverend Brethren ; If you be now ( as is- 

^ fnpporcd)upontheadvifcofa Forme of Churcb-Gv- 

t vemraent > 1 befccch youj in the fear of God, fetntq 

^ afide all prejudice, totakcirnQyouifadthoi^hcsi^Jc 

confiderations fol/owing. , 

- It is ( I perceive an ufuol Prayer of many Preachers well iffc^td : 

to your Auemblv, that God would now ( after i ^oo years uni- 

verialpraiStifc of the whole Churtb of Cbriftj upon earth) fhcw 

you the pacternc in the mount i as if, after fo long and pcrfeft in- 

quiiitions, there could be any new diicoveticsofthe forme that was, 

or fhould be j wherein, I fuppofe their well-mcarili% is not a little 

injurious both to the known ttuth, and to you: for, what rcvdati- 

ons can we expeA thus late.: or what monuments of either Stiip- 

twc, orhiftorycannowbe hoped tobcttoughttolight, wHchycyr 

eyes have not fecn, and former ages have not inquired into : Sorely, 

y« .well know, there can be but thcfc three forms of Church-govcrn- 

mcnty polSilydcvifed J Either by B.'ftiops, or by Prcijjytcrics, cr 



^^^mm»*vrmM 'jmt 

««Mai^«i^ii«OT«"Naai^ — . . ^^^ 


• by the ajirieimdd of icvcral und feic^ congregations; Every of which, 
mve both cheir abettors, andtlicir advcriarics i The.firft hath alt 
times, andpUccH fincetbedayesef^be Uefifed Apofties^ rill this 
age,, to (land for it s Thefecmid hath the lac periecoccd, reformed 
Cnurcbof/r4K9rr, ( which neirer de'fired, or meant to make th/tit 
oeceflicated forme, a pattcme for others ) the NttherUads , and 
Scotl^mdy for precedents of it i The third hadi the Mifufiers c£Na^ 
Sffdandj and their AflbciatcSy commonly ftyled by tbe tiame of 
INuEPENDENTS, vthemcndycontenclinffforit'.The advcpfa* 
rics of every of thefe are as well known, as tmir friends ; and the 
pleas, which every of them makes for it felf, arc as well known as 

I fuppofe it ts yet ;«( /itfiXr4 i eUe, KhouM lay my finger upon 
mvlips} Both the Houfes of Parlitmeot, your AfTcmbly, and the 
wnok Kingdooie, ftand yet free, and einencagcd to any pan ; For 
the National Covenant v ^s it is interpreted by fbme of your iclves^ 
and thole other Divines whofe allowed Sermons have commented 
upon it ) intends not to abjure, and difclaime Epifcopacie, as fuch 3 
kit only beads agaii^ the whole prelent fabrick of Government , as 
it is built on thefe Aiches, thefe Pcdeftals; fo as if it be taken afqti* 
det from diofe ( fome of' them, not nece£&ry ) appendances, you 
are noway forftalled in vcur jud^cnoent againft it j nor any other, 
that hath lift up his handi in ^s folemn Covenant* 

That I nmy not urge the Latine Tranfladon of the fame Covenant, 
printed and Tent^oad to the Low-Countries and france^ and o- 
ther Churches, which ran only upon tjrwmciM ngimen Epifeoforumi 
that onely the Tyrannical Government of the prelates, not their fa* 
therly and btotterly preeminence, is there abjured^ , . 

Your wifdomes know well how to dtflingmfli betwixt a Calling, 
and (he abtiies of th^xecution thereof j betwixt the main fubftancc 
of a Calling, ^yf^^ circumftantial and feparable appurtenances 
thereunto 1^ firom which it may be devefied, and yet fiand in* 

I fhoiikl be a^flatterer of tbe times pafib ( which is not ofitenfeen) 
if 1 .0ioald take fapoo me to juft&te^ or approve of all the carri^cs 
of (bme that have be^ entrdbd wid) the keyes of Ecdcfiaftical Go 
vetnment : orcobbmchover the Comiptionsof Confifio^ OSket9^ 
fabolhthefc^ c^^cte w^sjj^^fenot^h^ 00 ground bcmh ftcoaiplaim, 

* Vp2 , and 



and Refortnation } and, mty that man neve^ ptofper, that defires 
DOC an happy Reformatiun of Mviut ever hach beeQ> oir is atnifs in 
the Church of God 5 hot t\isl offer to yoiff icdous confideratton| 
whether Epifcopacie, firipped of all circumftances that may be jdU 
fyexcepteciagainft, and reduced to die Primitive eftate, may nor 
be thought a tbrme, both better in jt (elf ;> and moteiit tor this Kii^«- 
dome and Church, then either of the other. 

How ancient it is, 1 need not appeal to any but your fcke$, who- 
do well know, that there was never yet any Hftory of the Churdi, 
wherein there was not full mention made of Bifhops, as the only 
Govemets thereof j neither can any Jearned adverfary deny, that 
they have continued, with the general allowance of Gods Churdi' 
from the very iteoftolick times, untill this prefent age. And whe- 
ther it can be fate, and, lye not open to much fcandal, toeXchan<re 
foandent an inftitution hitherto perpettutted to the Church, for a 
new, where no necefl&LY inforces us, judge ye. 

How^univerfal it is, oeing the only received govrrament of aJI the 
Ghriftian Churches over the face of the whole earth, (cxceptiflg 
onely this fmall fpot of our nekhbourhood ) ye knew as well, as 
the undoubted relation of the CmfitMtprdphiecan tell you : and how 
unfafe it maybe, to depart from the forme of aU the Chuwrhcs, 
that pro^effe the name of Chrift, ( who do all fubn^t themfelves to 
Bifhops, or Superintendents, except the fore-exccpted ) I leave to 
your Slave judgment. '^ 

- Belkles, how Epifccfpacie is, and hath longbeen^ fetled in this 
Kingdome, and (as it were) incorporated into it sand en woven 
into the muniqpal Lawes of this Land, fo as that it cannot be utterly 
removed, without much alteration in the whole body of our Law^s;^ 
is a matter well worthy of not the leafl confideraticMn. 

Bur, all thefe would yet feem light upon the Balance, if tbet« 
were not an intrinfecal worth in tm inftitution it felf, that mi^t 
(way with you : l3ie covenant bindes to the indeavours offtxiia Go. 
vernment, as is accorwiing to the Word of God, and the es^ample 
of the beft Refocmed Churdies. And now^ letme appe^ to yoty 
own hearts, and the hearts of all judicious^nd unprejudicated Rea^^ 
ders, whedier the mles of Church Government, laid £artb jil;^^ 
Epiftles to lifMtby and TV^mt, do not fiipppfe, ami import chatveiY 
pcoper j«iri$di^o>wHch is olaimcd by £pifcopacy. at this Day • 



— ■ I ■ '■ ' ■ II ■! - ■■■■ ■ ■■ I I I f ■ * ■■ - - 

Which, if ic wcrc^ot intended to be left as.a perfcft patterne to 
fuo^ilioa } the whole Church of Cbrift (honld hive been left in the 
dark). without any diredton for the fucceding adminiftratton thereof: 
Thofechargesare plainly gnren, not to many, but to ones and do- 
moi\ manitcftly imply »hot a party, but preeminence and power. 

And if the example of the beft Churches muft carry it : What 
Church couid be more pure, and more fit for our imiration, then 
chc Primitive ? And that part of it wliich immediately followed the 
Apoftles Qf our ble(&d^aviOQr Jefus Chrift? And do not you full well 
know^ that our Hiftorics, and unqueitionable Authors name the 
men, whom thofe Apoftles, by impofitioh of hands , ordained to 
this fun^on ? Do not IgnMtiuSy ItenMt^ TertuXUM , Poljcr$ies , £^ 
gejippis^y Ckme/ffy Enfebius^y JerQtne inftance in thoffe perfons, who 
lucceedcd each other in thofe firft Sees ? If you tell me of the diffe- 
rence betwixt the EpiTcopacie of thofe firft Ages of the Church, and 
that of the prefent times j I doe willingly yield it, but, withall, \ 
muftadd^ that it is not in any thing eflentiall to the calling, but in 
matters outward, and meerlyadventitiauss the abatement whereof 
(ifitfhouldbe found needful )diminifheth nothing from the fiib« 
ftancc of that holyinftitution j What can be more exprclle, then,, , 
kitheancientefiofthem, the Blefled Martyr, Ipmm^ thementt* 
on of the three diftinft degrees of Kftiops, Presbyters^ Deacons j 
cncharged with their feveril duties which were yet never intenhitted 
and let fall to this prefenttlay 5 How frequently j and vehemently 
do th he in his genui;ic Epiftles ( twice in trat to > the EfhepMis ) call 
. for Aie fubjc^bn to the Bi(hop*and the Presbyterie? How diftinft!y 
dod)beinhtsEpiftietothe//4giM;/?4/^5^ name their Bifhop, Dmlsl^. 
uheir Presbyters, J^iiJTiij, jitfoUonws ^ Stephams i How doth he 
in his Epiftle Ad Trslliaws fct forth the Bifhop ^^^^^^ wmtnn^^^ and: 
- and the Presbytery ^^''•^^'••',&c. And if any man (hall be (o 
tinjufltly fcrupulous, as to caU into qUeftion the credit of thissraci^ 
QUs Author, (re(«ved, no doi^, by afpectal providence, for the 
xoiiviAionoftt»e Schifmes of thefe k(t times) therein out-doing: 
.nitlim\^ai^Q\t^ (who Ibudy aiferreth (bole of thefe Epiftles ,^ 
whibherej^asothersasfuppe^^ caft Ws eyes^ upon ^^^^^^ 

the rrolefs famous, and holy Martyr^ andBlfhoj^y Foljcsnmy who^^^p 
iw^Irenitmy an uncpieflionahle Author tells us, one,* whofe eyc^fj^efj;, 
behttidahatSaiat )'did nor only^ooavttib with choie that hadfeen 3, d 3,. 



^ _ II ■ 1 ■ I » Ml I n I ■■-r-—T " 1 — r f — II I I 1 - II wi^w ■ 

^ , ,^— ^— ^ ■ ■ 11—^— ^^i m i w — »«—— 

Cbrift, bur alfo was by the Apofllejcwifltttttedin v</?4> HiCboD oF 

. the Cbufch oiSmjrus. Let him> if he «n, deny ^jsprwMi the iK>^ 

. Martyr and Bifhop of Cmb^t^ writing familiarly to the Pitsbyicrs^ 

and Deacons theixi ; fpnietiiBcs gravely reproving them j iomt^ 

times fatherly admonilhing them of their duties; in dircrs of his 

Epiftlcs. Let him deny, that his contemporany CemfUu^y BKhop 

o( Rdme^ acknowlcdgeth 46^ Presbyters committed by the Catho- 

clique Churchy to his charge : Shortly- , let himy if he Akk at tbis 

. truch> deny that there was any ChrifUan Church of okl> any Hb* 


AH which duly confideredy^^ Iwoiild&in know what xeafon can 
.:be fhewrd^why that audent^yea firft government by the Bifhop and 
his Presbytery^rcCeived^and with all good approbation and Aicoeflc^ 
ufedin the Primitive Church ^ and derived ( though not withcuc 
fomc faulty omi0iansy and intcrtextureS) which may e^fily be reme- 
died ) untul this prefent day, (bould not rather take place s tbea a 
government lately, and occaiionally raifed up in the Church, for 
tnenecclfity^ or convenience of fonae fpecial places > and perfcos j 
without any intention of an univerfal rule and pre&ription. 

If you (ball fay tliat this Government by Bifhop^ hath been 
foundj by fad expetience, hitheno, a block in the way of perfcd 
Reformation, deftrufHvetotbepowerofCodlinefs, and pure Ad- 
minUlrationofthc Ordinance s of Chrift 3 give me leave to anfwer; 
That, firft> Ifear^^ the Independent part, will fee apt to fay nolefs 
of the Presbyterian 5 boWly preffing their dcfeds, both in coofiitu- 
tion, and pra£^e y and ptbljijufcly averring, the exquifkely-rcform- 
ed way to lye betwixt the Epifccfaly and Cdvinim^ which they We 
had the happtnefs to light upon 1 neither want there thofe, who, 
upon challenge of ftirther illumination, tax tho4c Semi-feparttifts,as 
coHMiing far too Chort of rhat^perfe^^i of Reformation, wbkh 
themfelves have attained. 

Secondly > Infiuft, in thefcarofGod, befeecb youlieee t» make 
^ti(e of ih^ heceflary di^tiniftion, .betwixt Callih|$> andPei^ias $ ftf 
it of wntirncs falls our,, rfiat the Getting unjoftly /ui^^for • t^ 
-whereof only die Petfon is j;uihy j Let ilKjCaU^ be never f<^^ • 
Ui!^ rherules of Adminilhisition never fo wilie y ai^ per^c^i yet k 
sthe petfon. In whofe truft they a«c, be eifhfcr i»cg}ig?nt5 occorr^Jt^ 
.iH:inipoteBtin<2rd(:^iogb»pauioi)Si saiA%mu%^^ it cauiat beW 

^ ' aU 




dll things muft go-amifs, and. much difordcr and confufion muft 

needs follow to t nc Chotch of Cod s and if fuch hath been the cafe 

in fome late times, why ffaould the blame be laid upon the callings 

wWch both is innocent , and might have been better improved ? 

Give inc a Bifhop ( fach there have been, and fuch there are, let 

D.Fottfl^thclateJSfhbp of CdrUUy for inftancc, be one ) that is 

trucly confcionaWe, pious, painful, zealous in promoting the glory - 

of God, ready to encourage all faithful Preachers, and to cenfcre 

andcojtedthelazie, and fcandaloiis ; carefull of the due impofiti- 

on of his hands ; meek and unblimcable tn all his carriage 5 and now 

tell me how the government of fuch an one ( regulatecfby the holy 

ai)d whoMomc Lawes of our Church ) can be faid to be cMruftive 

to the fucccflfe of the XSofpel, ov to deftroy the power of Godlinefs i * 

certainly; if all be hot fuch, thefaultisin the men ; their Calling 

doth not only admit of, but incites them to all vcrtuc and goodnefsj ; 

whereof if they be defeftive, let the Perfon take off the blame from * 

the Function* 

Neither doubt t to affirme, that it may well be made good, that : 
die perfcftcft Reformation, which the Cnurch of God can be capa- 
ble of, here upon carthj may confift with Epifcopacy, fo regulated, ... 
as it may be, if it plcafc the High Court of Parliament to pitch upon 
thatcourfe: Andindeedhow can it be conceived, that the careful ' 
infpe£kion of one conftant, prudent , and vigilant overfeer , fuper- ^ 
added to a grave and ji^dicious Presby tery^, (hould be any hindrance 
ti the progrefs of sodliriefs .i Efpecially^ when he k fo limited by 
the bounds of gooalawes and conftitutionst, that he cannot run out, > 
without the danger of a juft cenfure 1 There are already many excel- 
lent rules of Government, if they were awaked , and adfeated by 
ftiU authority 5 «nd; where there is any deficiency , more might 
be cafily added to make the body of Chunh' Lawes complete^ > 

To give a taft of what maybe effirSed, with venrlittle or no al- - 
teration of one Fornie of Government to another. f 

I remen^red one of our Brethren ot Scotland^ ittt Difcourfe tend- - 
ino^to theadv^cing of the Presbyterian ^way , tvlls us, that Dr^ - 
Mifnt4^ey the fate worthy BHIiop of wfi;^fe^/?tfriasked King J4mr5 of 
Wetfe^ memory, ( wbofefweet ^f&bilky the world well knew > > 
IHw It caMu I1W5 thai there wfre f^'fem herefirSy and errcrs i^/^** - 
Hrinco h^4Acd^i»d frjf^tti ^^ U ihequhiiiney dif^riame of th&^* 

Church ^ 


I I 

Chmb ofSiothud ? .Jklai9 wbich^ the wife »KiJc«p>e4 lufffiis i^^ 
.to have returoed th^ Aftfwcr j .ThatfVtr^ f^fl^y^f^AhirJ^i 
^verpfiefenf uhb them ^: ^iwf m^iibif^ ifpen^^n^^ ^^^W ^^ 
■hath his Elders mi Dr^eom^ fiirted mth himi Thatbe^ mA.jh%,^ 
p»cea^eekj meeti a sfetfime ^ f lace ^fcr the ufifitre of mofnilfny^^, 
what eveY diferder falls out in the Farifh s /i its he^ bj this ^am^ff^^^' 
J,j knowes ^isjlock \ ami eveyy alterration oftbem^ titkirin m^U'jfi^^ 
mm^ wp'oSlifei And leii My Err^Tj ^r Here^emajfeisiegf^ndfefff^- 
Jior J the J have their Presbyteries ^ confistus^offeperaH 5ir/iilte%, 
which meet together in the chtefe Tgwn or City next to tbem^ evcfj ik4 
slfoonce j and hav^ there their exercife of Fraphefyingi after, whid^^ 
Moderator ofthefaid meeting asks and gathers the Jn^^mentsofatldiefiul, 
^aSlors^ concerning the do8r/ne then delivered^ or^ of any other doa^^, 
fointy that is then and there /propounded i And if the fold fresijters ie 
divided in their opinion^y then the queBionis^ under 4n hjofiedpknce^ 
put over to the next Synod ^whieh is held twice a %ear\ unto dfOt 4II dn Fjh 
Horsofihat Q^iarter^ or Provinceyduelyrefort'^accompaniedmihUieirlU 
dersi the Moderator of the former Synod legins the ABioni then anew 
Moderator ic chofenfor theprefent^ or ( asitfeldome faSs out ) the USk 
Moderator^ ky f^oices^ continued^ 

• -^^ Q^fiion of doubt teingpropofed^ if either decided by that metir^ 
9r{if it cannot he fo done) isy with charge of filencey referued tUltlit. 
National Synod y or Generall Affemblyy which they hold every ijtarmt^ 
Hiither come not the Paflors onely^ but the King himfelf^ or his Couunijfi" 
4>ners 5 andfome of alt Orders and Degrees^ Sufficiently Mthoriidftt 
the determining of My controverfte^ that wall srife amon^S them. Thus lip* 
Aiid certainly this bears the face ofa very fair and laudable coarfci 
and fuch^ as defcrves the approbation of all the wcl-willcrs to that 
dilciplineiBut let me addc^that we either have, or may havc^ ( in this 
very fame lb tc of things^ with fome fmall variation ) incffe^tbc 
fame Government with us } only there wants ibme care and &cin 
their execurion, which might, without much diificttlty, be redreflMi 
Every Pafifh hath, ot by Law ought to have their Miniltct ever ptc- 
ient with them ^ and carefully watching over thea\ Inftead thcnof 
their Paftor, Elders and Deacons 5 we have in every Pari/fe^ the 
Mnifter, whether a Re^or, or Vicar 5 CburcHwardenv QS^^^^^ 
or Side men, and Overfecrs for the Poor i and in plaoe^iprijy ?^* 

iience^ aOurate or Affiftenr to the Rc^r* wno is a JPcacon at 





Thcfemayi andougbt, and in fomc places do ducly aicet 
togcdicr, every weck> on a fee day in their Veftry ; and decide fuch 
diS'cenccs as happen amoi^ft them i and imy well b^ 
take notice of hch abufes and mif-dcmeanouts^ as ate incident into 
^ir Pariiby ior their fpcedy reformation^within the Verge of their 


In ftcadof their Presbyteries, confifting of fcveral Paftors, wc 
have our number) andcombtnationofMimfierS) in the Divifktfisof 
oar fcveral Deanries j under which are ranged all the Miniftcrs 
within that circuit } Over whom the Rural Dean ( as he i$ called) 
is every year clK>fen3 bythefatdMiniftersof that divifipn, as their 
moderator, for the year enfuing ; whofe <^e ( if it were carefully 
looked unto, and reduced to the original inltitution ) m^ht be of 
fingular ufe to Gods Church 5 This Dtanry, or Prpsbytery, con- 
fifting of fcveral Paftors, maybe injoyncd to meet tc^ether every 
moneth, or oftner ( if it feem fit )in fomc City or Town next unto 
them s and may there have their exercifc of prophefying, as I have 
kfiown it pradtced in fomc parts of thiskingdomjand as it is earncft* 
ly wilhed and recommended, by that excellentlY^Learned Lord r^* 
ri$hmfy late Lc^d Chancelour of EnglMd^ in nis prudent confide* 
tions : and then,and there, may endeavour to decide any dciibt,that 
may arifein their fcveral Parifhes 5 either concerning thedoiftrinc 
of tncir Minifter, or fcruple in cafe s of confcience ,an<rmay tran(a& 
^ny publiquc bufineffc that may concernc their whole divifion 5 But if 
any fuch matter or queftionihouldarife, as their divided opinions 
cannot fully determine 5 it may ( under charge of filencc ) be 
putoverto a mare publiquc meeting 5 which is the Synodal aflcm- 
bly of the Clergy held twice a year, under the moderation ( Wthcr- 
to ) of the Archdeacon ; and if there the queftion fail, of a full de- 
termination, it is, or may be referred, (with like fiJcnce and peace ) 
to a Dioccfan Synod, which may be held every year once 5 tJhder 
theprefidency of the Bi(hop j and if yet the decifion come not 
home, it may be referred to the determining of a Provincial Synod, 
or yet higher, to a National t So as in theie cafes of doubcSj or er- 
rors, if men would not be wanting; to thcmfdves, nothing needs 
to be wanting in the ftate We now ftand in, co the fafety, and happi- 
ntfTc of our Qiurcb. 
IFormattcrofordinationof Miniftcrs} the formdr conftitutions 

Qa of 

^ / 

■i l I 




of our Chucch hmcdccj^y fcn J6yiied tfafr ^^ibtKCj and ^ftanoc 
of chofc) \N4io^by tfatit origuiti ififtitttcioiis, ate tine f^ssb^Mer y ^ <(€ 
the Bi{hoP) at^^ and in, the exaanMsMn, «id oiiowwitt^ ^«hft 6er^ 
Tons CO be ordained s rccfmi^ t\l&y the JMic*iiiipofitioA of taoie 
bands, which atceftcd the fiiffioency of the faid Bxaminihts ^ not 
withouc afevere fanfkion of tvyo.years fufpeniion, oiihtitQi^Or^ 
daining, to paffe upon any Bifliop, or SoflbigiA, '^^ 
failii^ in any of the particulars s the qual^cation ^f ^At^k 4litt ait 
to be ordain^, is in our Canons already fet f6ith, with trmdh cm* 

tions for their age, their decrees, ^leir abilities, the teftioMrty df 

their holy converiations neitner need I doubt to 4&as^ that hts, 

who ( befidcs all other ekctsmftanccs cff Education ) iuhle C!» give a 

good account of his faith ia Latine, according to die ttceiwd Atn* 

clcs of the Oiurch oiE^Und^ and to conficfltie the feme by ia&id^ 

cnt tcftifflonies, cutoftheholySctiptuie, may be thoudit compel 

tcntlyfit,(for matter ofknowledg-) to enter upon the mftfiep of 

Pcaconih^s which the wifdonieofthe Church hath (aooonljn§ to 

the Apoftles lule ) appcwied ( not without a fuf&cient diAum of 

tioie ) in way of prcn^ation, to the higher ordcrof Mintteryvj fiat* 

bidding to give both orders at once s «id re^utrfng, that He, who. 

is ordained Deacon, (hall continue a whok year, at ieaft in that 

il^afion^ except, upon fome weighty reafras, it (hall fcemfittoibe 

Biihop, to contra^ the time limited : and, left theee ihodd beany 

((ibrcption in this faoed bufmefs, it is Ordered, that thefe Ordinati** 

ons (hould be no other then folemn^both in refpe^ of time & place ; 

neither ought theytobe^ nor in fome places are, without a pohlick. 

prccognization of lawful warning affixed upon the Cathedral Chtrrih 

door, where the faid Ordination fhall be celebrated } and over and 

hefi^es tbecharcre, that none (hall be admitted to b|e a Candidate 

of holy Orders, out he who brings fufficient teftimohialsof his good 

life and converiation, under the feal of fc^eCoUedg tx^CaUnJff* 

ox Oxford^ or of three, or four grave Minifters, together Wid) tn. 

fubfaiption and tcftinionyot other . credible pertons , wiu> hive 

known his life 5f behaviour, by the fpace of three yean next befoirj ^ 

i% is well known to you, that before the. a^ of ordtnatkm there h 

pHhlique Proclamation made to the whok AfferoWy, that rf'any 

man knowes any aimc or impediment in any of the perfons prefcnt- 

c4 for which be ought not to be ordAined, that.he ftwuld come 




^h4iKlckcili(citbd(ore«iyh«adbe laid upon his head, for his 

; , IhfoCMvichftandiiigfU wlikiiciK of oir dear Mother the Church 
:jDf Bi^lani i ifitihaUbQthpnghcftieet, that any farther aa of Trv- 
ihall p«(ftUH»o Me, v^och «ie fiticon for Ordibation. 

%«iayitbe«tda:)ed, tbacatthcmoiiethly (or, if need be, more 
6«(^mJiDe««iflg9fiteMiQiilefiS, within the fame Presbytery, 
AcXMory ^ cheyoiay^/ippointsdcoinake ttyalof their gifts, and 
jUKliergei^ £a^h fuc^r nunmiatton of their abilities , as thell be 
^hpMg&requirtfe, cfethey ihallbeptefewwl, and admitted by the 
]Sirh(^,aiMihi$ Presl^ytiery to chakhoJyfundttoi). 
; AihI whereas. it is pwiifiMMl upon, that it is me«t the people, 
■< iirhQ(ei)ulA«»ft hvft nght inJum, to whofe tnift chcy are com- 
svittf^ ) (M^ ba«e fysm hand in iiheir confeot to that Pafi»r, by 
wh«m theyqa»ftbcfeids it «iift he laid, cbatbefidei their devolu- 
4»QHofcbeirni^tjE»thcp«tio«, who, as their truftee, prefents a 
Mwifter for fbem* tc miy tie no prejudice ac iti to diepower which 
|;>yL|iwjUid«ih«»«n(C»£tckd upon the patron, tlM^ the jj^rfon 
ivhooa hi^ Mk fk^^ upon, heii{»pQinted beforehttKf to preach , 
Xior a mal ) to that Congcegacion eo which he i$ (o denned; and 
4f(^hcnr f<vhi»VQicie, oroiMrjaftcfccptienshe be foond uomeet 
farthefBj tbacaoochcr, nKMxficm^bereconniendedi^ the kid 
Patron £01^ place} but if dirough fadion, orieHf-wH), or partia- 
Hv^i %hc i^nliioidc (hail prove {)6cyi(h, and dtfttdious, they nidy, m 
i^iu^cafc, be over-ntled i^ j(^ auriiority. 

A$foc maner of cmfiaces, it may not be deny?d, tharihc re hath 
-be^Q-g^t tkvk intfac manapiflg of them, both upon Eccleiiaftical 
perfons, and others : fufpenuoo of Mintfters upon flight,afld f lifuffi- 
€J«Rf cpHiCes > both 4^ efitioy and itaffiettihath been tod rife in fome 
. pWB>9f latterjimet ^ and ^le divadful fcmenoe of exoooamunicati- 
an halb^too ftoqiimely, and ^miiian pafkd tipon light iind triviall 
matters : How happy were it, ^a ipeedycoikrfe may be ^takeni for 
4^piemaamtii msailiin the: cpiifcrcnce at timftth-Co^y a 
iflMkniMbiBaifl^^ «o aiSs'putpofe, 4ut withon^ tSdSt'i if 
4>ewriiBam^.tnt»8(ivtParIianeflt SaA fettle f<Mne othrr way 
Sm^titiktw^^tiiam^imi^^ s^usA -Ghurch^aathority, 

^iyflLbeoan^lftsiwKiiK of their care «nd juflke. In the mean time, 

iQ^ochttcSffitefiadisa}: proceedings, it m^ty 

Qq a witn 




with much facility , and vwUing conkm of all for», \x otAttcii^ 
the Biihop (haU not ta)($ upon hini) t^itefiifbtidia: -tto/or^anyx)- 
i^icf iippi^rtamcQiiuis , 'withoiie cheocNi^^^ 
. which ihaU he a means ( in all iAcdyhdod ) toprevcnt any incofiycs 
nience that may anfe fr^nn che'wonccd Way oi ;j[adkature. 

As for the co-aficfiflon of a Lay-pre^ycery, m fwayiiig tbefe a& 
fairs of Church*governmcnc } Yc well know how new it kyimc 
of you might have been accjuaimed with the man chat broi^ it 
firff into any part of this Ifland ;. and what ground there is (ottty tv- 
cher in &ripture, or antk^ty,! appeall to your judgment :^ Surely tke 
late learned Author of the Counfailfbr'the reforming the Cliitch 
ofEMgLmdy( although otherwife a vehement aflcrtor oT the FitfKh 
Difcipline ) ingpnuoufly confefleth, that however thofe Proteftints 
which Uve under Popi{h<jovemours, have done wiiely) in depuong 
fomcchoife men, feiedted out of their congregations, whom they 
^call Elders,^ to (bare widi their paftors, in the care and txmxganm 
of Ecclefidlicall afBucs ^ Yet thofe Ptoteftant Charcbes whidt 
live under the government of Proteftant Princes, may mAi the 
£iftydFtbo&reipeds, which mutually intercede betwkt Morir 
and People, foibear any fuch deputation r for as much, as the iu^ 
preme Mi^iftrate, transferrs ( for the moft part ) to himfclf, that 
which is the wonted charge of thole deputed Blders; concluding) 
that thofe men^^ do meerly lofe their labour who fo hnfily p^ 
%r )ur on the one fide, to difprove the antiquity of the Lay-EUb- 
Chip; and, onthcother, b^ weak proofi^s to maintain, (clcarrc^ 
.trary-to the naind of the Apoftle ) that the teaKof Saint P4»/(i1^» 
5. 17. ) istobe underftood of Pallors, and Lay-Elders j Thushe; 
. with what fair probability, Heave to your judgment. 

Neither is it any intention of mine to meddle with any ^ 
of tbit gaverriinenr^ which obtaineth in other the Churches of 
God ^ but onely, to<:Qntiibute my pipor opition,. coocenur^ ^ 
Bow-to-bc-fetledtadairsofourovvii^ • » • ^^^^ 

What {hall I need to. fu^ei\ unto you the. dai^enas iffld^ 

, workings of other Sefts>fccredy indemuting to fpniij^tlMtf h|^ 

mines to the overthrow both of the one govenmient, aoi' ^ ^ 

thfix ^ whereof> wi^XMt fpeedv nimedy^poAmpsik^^ 

late to complain ; no doubt> toe wifiiooi^ and/aiiAoitty orti^ 

l^rejaSeoate CwhonifeaUbfaiireco advilc ): vviU JotAwitb^^ 






■■■1 .iim 

f • 

pofetcfeifrotbe.pKevendondf clK)rcMifchieh9 which the variety 
^t^befchG^iies', ao«l!feft$ (ihci^h feme of them cloaked with 
the f^dl pretences X^^^^^^^ co tfab poorQiuich; Itistioboot 
for me to tell you, that the lefs dtfeni^ there 6, the mofe ground of 
fifcty > and that where the holy purpofcs of Reformation may be 
«fiR.^fted> with the leaft change, there oiuft nteds be the moft hope 
df ac<M)idance. 

TherefttothewifeappUcatioiiof thepoweifull and judicious > 
It is enou^ for me to have thus boldly (hot my bolt amongft you ; 
and to have thus freely^ ikicoTered my honeft, and wei meant 
thoughts to fo able judgoients ; What I want in my poor indevours 
iball D6 fupplyed with my prayers^ that God would be pleafed to 
compofe all our miferable cUlbaftiom^ and to put«iftiappy iffiie, to 
the long and perilous agitations of tWs wofuUy tottering and Weed- 
mg Cnurch and King^ome j Which the good God of Heaven 
voiichfafe to grant for his great mercies fake, and for the. iake «£ 
the dpar&mof hislove leuis Chtift. the Tuft, jimen 

Sefiemt. xa< 



iiii M i r 



•• ' ^^. 



. Ctrtainc 



* By J. h: R of ExoN. 

man majr (wear, or induce anotliet iwd to fm 

IT is no hmftUOtth that h not attcnilal with 7ni, JuSice , and 
jHigemem, Jtr. 4. 2. thejSr/i wheicofre^uiresttatthe thijig 
(Wotntettue; ihe/VwW, <h«iibejiift: the tUn^dm jtbenot 
'Undue, and unmeet to be Iwom and undertaken. 

'A ■frmiftn Oath which is to the covin prejulue of anotfaet 
±\ mamriik, cannot be attended with J'/'"- 


1^ {iniiiU, as that prejudice which e done to the right of pi£u- 
tfieaaiSntrtipijMimt]. 5. 



THc r^ht of Sovetiugn Authority is highly prejudiced, when 
Private (vbjc&s incroach upon ic j and (halU upon lufpicion 
of the Qtfavowed intentions, or anions of their\Pr/W^53 combine, 
and bind thcmfei^cs to enaift, eft^Iifli, or alter any matters con- 
cerning iC^Z^^V^/v , without (and therefore much oiorc if againft) 
the authority of their L^fui s^vtrsiin. 

• • » • . - 

AMan is bound in Ctf^/r/Vivr^ toreverfeand dtfclatmthat which 
y he was induced i/;i/4A/i^ff)f to ingage hiniiclf by Oath to per- 

NO 60th is or can be of f&rcty that is made ^ainft a lam full oath 
formerh taken sfo as he that hath fworn Allegeance^o his Stnc" 
raiQn^ and tnercby bound himfelf to maintain the right, power^ 
and authority of his faid Soveraign, cannot by any fecond oath^ be 
tycd CO do ought that may tend to the infringement thereof: and if 
he have fo tyed himfelf^ the Ohligation h^iffr faSo^ void and (tu^ 

C O R O L L A R I E . 

iF therefore any fi^rn SubjeH (hall by pretenfes and perfwafions^ 
be drawn to bind himfelf by Oath or Covenant, to determine^ 
tablifh, or alter any aft cencerning matter oi-ReUgion^ widiout, or 
i^ainft the allowance oi Soveraign Authority^ the aB is unlawful and 
un juft, and the varty fo ingaged is bound iii confcience to rcverfe and 
renounce his faid aft •- Otberwife (befides the horrible fcandal which 
heihall draw upon ReligtBn ) he doth manifeftlr irxurr the iin of the 
breadi of the third and fift Commandements, ' 


mm 1 9imt m n rnvn m m m:^tmxammmmmmKmfm ■ m^'w^.*. u w i i umj 


T»0, as undouhteA Prop ofit ions concerning 



|L? O man living, no Hiftgry, x&n.(hcw;any wd^allowed and /t- 
1^ Ud NaiionAll Church in the whole Chriftian World^ chat hidi 
been governed othcrwife then by £;)I;0rp^, in a meet and moderate 
imparity) ever fincc the times of Chrift and his Apoftles^ untill 
ihis prtfcnt A^c* 

NO man living, no record of Hiftoty can (hew ^t\y Lsj-Frtshjtet 
that ever vvas in the whole Chrifiian CW^fc, untill this prefent 


IF men would as eafily kdrfie as Chrift an iptfdme can tedch them, 
todilHnguilhbetwixrr4?/>jgj and prrfonsy betwixt the fnlfiMce 
of callin^s,,ancl the net nece^nrj appefida?$ceso{ thctrty betwixt the 
rulfs of" Gyvernmemi and the errors oi Execution^ ihcfc ill-railed quar- 
rels would dye alone. 

. Vapacem D/jminc. 




VIA media; 

The way of Peace 



Commonly known by the Name of 


1. Fredeftination. 
Q. The Extent of Chrifts Death. 
5 . Mans Free-will and corruption. 
' 4. The manner of our converfton to God. 
5. f erf ever ance. 

VVhercin is laid forth fo fair an Acconunodation of the difercnt 
Opinions as m% content both parts and procure happy accord,. 


By y.'H. D. of Worcejier, 



L N D U, 
Printed in the Yw MDCLX. 




Two, tff undovbted Piopol5>- 
CfeKrefc-goyemiF ^ 

No man living, no Vi^/f 
ltd KaliniutChfr O^ / 

beci ^ 

imp ' ■ ' • 

ihis ,'• 










oft Excellent Maiisty. 



^^r^ needs ne prophetic all Spirit todifcern by 
a f mall Cloudy that there is aHwm armming 
towards onr Churchy fuch a onCy as Jhall 
not only drench our plnmeSy but Jhaks our 
peace. Already do we fee the Skje thickfny and hear the 
winds winkle hollow afarr offy and feel all the frefa-^ 
gesofakempe^y which the late example of our Neigh'* 
hours bids us fear. It boots not to perfwade your Ma^ 
jeJlytabetakfiyonrfeifioiynMr Chariot y to outride the 
JhowrCyJince your gracious compaffion would not he wiU 
ling taput offtlje fenfe of a common e^ilh Rather let me 
taks holdnefs to implore your Majejiiesfeafonablepre^ 
mention : Only the powerfull breath of your Soveraign 
autharity candifpell thefe Clouds y and cleat our Hea* 
"veny and reduce an happy Calme. In the mean time 
gi*t;e leave to your well meaning ServantSy to contri^ 
hute their beStwiJf^es to the commonTranquillity. I fee 
9^i^ryMan jf^ady to- ponke himfelfutUa a Jidcy, and ta 
draw in the quarrel he affp^eth : I fee no Man thrujling 
himfelf between them^ and ejther holdingy or joy nine 
their hands for peace : This good ( however thankjefs,^ 

Kr 2 oj^c^: 

354 . 

office I have here bdldly undertaken-^ Jhewing how Hn- 
jnjily we are divided, and by what means we may be 
made, and kept entire. A proje^ ( which if it may re- 
ceivelifcy aiidlight from your gracious eyes, and pall 
by your Bfioyall command be drawn intofpeedy praaife ) 
promifeth to free this noble and flour ijhing Church from 
a perilous inconvenience. Let it be no difparagement to 
fo important a motion, that it falls from fo mean a handy 
then which, yet none can be more fyncerely . confecrated to 
the Service of your Hajefy and this Church, the mUf- 
tuall happinefs of both which, is dearer then l^e to ' 


Your Ma^cfties mofi bumble, 
- and £uchful devoted Sub^eft 

andServant • 






Firft Article 



We muft receive G0J5 pro- 
mifcs in fuch wife as 
they be EencriUy fet forth to us 
in holy Scriptures , and in our 
d«ings, that *iU of God is to 
be followed, which we have ex- 
prcifcly declared unto us in the 
VVotdof God. 

Artie. efthcCbu. 17. 

IjJ geKf'lis , & nnditimm 
vdhnU!, fitftrntUsfrmilTiii E- 
vuigelict,&'- ''•"« fnmiftmts 
diviius ft mtUBinil'' 'S'> «' •'- 
bis in [uris liuris gtmilHirpro- 

l>.Overal.<i« 5. A'lV.i'oBel- 
gio Mtittivtr^s. ><»*• I. 

I JKitfocvcr God, 

% who is the God 

% of truth, hath in- 

9 gaged himfclfby 

promife to do, 

the fame he undoubtedly hath 

willed, and will accordingly 


a. There is no Son 0^ Adam, 
to whom God hath not promi- 
fcd, that, ifheftiall believe in 
Chrift, repent, and gprfevcre, 
he ftiallbe favcd. 

3. This ' genfrall, and un- 
doubted will of God, muft be 
ec^ally proclaimed to all Men 
through the World without ex- 
ception, and ought to be lb re- 
ceived, and believed, as it is by 
himpublifhed, and revealed. 

Siqtidm ilaretmhtcmiiiiti'livimftyi!imilhlexeqn,&J'<- 
iirmmmtm frttakmlum. tW. Britm. Dviric. in ASis Sjw'i » 


1 ^ p ' l 


m ^ii H F ■ » ■ » <■ 

, I 

Graiiam cammunem & fttfficU^" 
tern in mediis dkiimtus ordmatis^ 
ft homines yefU Dei SfirilUique 
[4f*Bo deefe mluerin^^&c. 

J). Ovcnd. ^rttV, I. 

In Ecclefif^yubijuxtafromiffum. 
hoc EvMgelii^ faks 9mmbus $ffer' 
tuTy ea ejl admimSrMQ graid qu€ 
fifficit ad convincendos omnts int- 
fcsnitentes & increduUs^ f^^fif 
culpa voluntarioy ^'* %il m^kBi^ 
%el €OMtentptuEi,mgelii ffenerini^ 
& oilatum tene^eium amife/tnt., 
Thegl. Briton. Dordj^ac.dtAri. 2. 

D^inde in [ectfiui^ hce^ utfuc^ 
euYTtrei humAMt infirmitafi^ &f. 
VQluijje addere f^ecialem gratiam 
ptagis fffica^em & akurMntem^qui* 
9 bus flacuepit cofmimcandMiy fen 
. quam nonfolum f^JJi^y fed etiam 
aBu xeliijU^ cfdanty $bediant & 
ferfeierent. D.Q^atkl.Art. t. 

He hath conftantly dfcctecci 
by htt CottflfelTeaet to us to cle- 
liver fj^om curie 4nd ckuHndcion 
thofe whom he hath thofeii in of Mankinde>. and w 
bring chcra byChriftcoevcrlaft* 
ing (alvei ion, as Vcflels made to 
honours wherefore they which 
be called accK)rding to Qodn pur* 
pofe l>y his Spmt wockiog m 
them in due fealon, they through 

4, AUM€ti(wirfun die Pale 
of the Cimrch cfpeciatiy ) iiave 
from the .^[leiry of God ^h 
conunoii helps towards tins be* 
lief, and Salvation, as that the 
neglc^ thereof nttkes any of 
them juftly guilty of their owii 

5. Befides ^he generlB'^ yrXi 
of God, he hath eternally wii« 
led, and deoeedta give «/pfci» 
all, and e&diull ^ace to tlio6^, 
that are predcftiaate accoc dit^ 
to the good pleaiuf e of his wij^ 
whereby thty do afiuafly be- 
lieve, cktyy aiidpeiievefe>thtt 
they may be faved : fo as i|ie 
fame God, that would Inve ^ 
Men to be faved, if they be-, 
lieve, ^ be not vAbiin^ i^his 
Spirit, hath decreed to work 
powcrfbily in feme, whom he 
hath particularly cb^a, that 
they fliall believe, and not be 
wanting to his Spirit ia ^diatfe- 
ever (ball be nocd&ry foe tkth 

6. It is not the previfion of 
faith Or aay other graoe^ or aft 
of Man,, wivreupoii tbis de- 
cree of God is- grounded^ brt 
the mecr, and gracioCts good 
wiU> and pleaAireof Qt)d ftom 
all Qttmvf appainiii^ la fkve^ 

thofe, whom be ba^chafiiii in. 

. Chiift 


giace <hcy the calling) they be QmAy as the head aixi feuoda- 

jitftified freely ) made tion of the elcft. 
foos i}f God by ado^tien 9 they 

be iiMide l&e the image of his 7. This decree of Gods e- 

only begotten Son^ Wus Chriit) le<ftion is abiblme and anchange* 

rh^ walk ceii^oufiy m good able and from everlafting. 
vfpAs 3 and at length by Gods 

m^stcy they attain to everlafting 8. God doth not either a^Jhially 

fclidty. Art.of Rcl%.A^t» 17* damn or appoint any foul to 

damnation without the eonfidc* 

Nm iM frdfaemia bumsM fi- ration and refpeA of fin. 

ifvin4tV9hmUuityetgraiudehiSy qMJDetaekgh tnCkriftolibtnmdk 
&[4iOAndii. A Ovtfrai. Jirt. 1. 

FMnticMlare t/ecrOtm slfitutum, D, Ovenl. Uid, 

Predefti(iatien to life is the everlafting ptirpofe of God , where by 
befiore the foundations of tlie world were laid^ he hath confiantly 
decreed>&c. Article of Relig. 17. 

JDiem w^minBm dsmm^ M d4mmMi§m de^insty niS ex c$nfidersthne 
feaaL Thi^l Mritm. Derdnjtriic. ndt tffrob. lief. j. 


Of Chrifts Death. 


Vj dition ofman falkn by his T^^^ ^^ gmtris humm mi^ 

me ivili MitD fin, and perdition, 1 / feramy mifit fiUum fiumj 

font his own Son, that he (hould quifei^um ded$$ pretium redentf^i^ 

"^^ him him(^lf as a ranfem for 0mfmpecfstwtot$MSmmuii. 

of the whole Worlds 



> ■ II 



I^ PMH ll ll ^ l. 

>^*» M» " ■ 





fit verey (^ firip^j^er Mmifir^^ 
£vangeUi V9Cm ad pmiapstio^ 
mm remifionis fecci^orumy <^ 
njiita £terMfer hone mortem Chri- 
fiL Theol Brit. Dor dr. de 2 Art. 
,tbcf. S. 

. /i; hoc merito Christ fundMur 
univerfale promijjum EvsngeU^ 
eumy juxtaquodonOtesinChri^Bm 
credefites remijfionem peccatorum 
& vitdm dternam re ipfa fo^ffi- 

Tlml. BritM. IhrdrAc. ihid. 

Illud prethm quod fohtum efi 
pro omnihui y (if quod omnibus, 
credentikm certo proficiet ad t;/- 
tam dtterMMy mn proficit tamen 
omnibmy ^c. fheoL Brit. Dor dr. 
. de Art. z.E>:pIic. Thef.$. ] 

Con^At Cbriftum proponendo £- 
VMgeliumy etii^m ill am gr^ram in- 
ter nam ddminisirsJJeyqu^haSenm 
fuffisiihaty ut ex eo quod noM acccf-- 
tarent^ vel rejicerent Ev^ngelium 
jufte coargui poffmt injidelitstif . 
Theol. Britan. ibid, in explica. 
Thef. 5. 

, InScckfia^&uhifaluiomnihs 

offertur y e& efi sdminiftratio grin 

ti£ qiu fuffifit ad i:onvincendos 

. omnes impcenitentesy &imreduloSy 

fp as ther^isno.Iivyjgfoul, thuj 
may not beflrwly, and fcno|»fly 
invice4 by his faicb to takeliold 
ot the forgiVcncf? . of Ws fin^ 
and cvcrlalting life by the viE- 
tue of this death, of Qyiftwitji 

certam alluraoce of. obwoipg 

2. Upon this infinite merit of 
Chrifts death is jgcounded dttt 
univetfall promifei and cav^ 
nant of the Gofpelli o&m^ xe- 
miilion, ; and falvatioo to all 
Men through the whole WotU, 
if they be not wanting to the rc^ 
ccipt thereof,. 

- 3. Notwithftaodingthbinfi' 
nite merit of Cturiftsdeatk^the 
fruit and i^enefit thcreoT doth 
not acaew to all^MeS) bit to 

. thofe only who da appiv the vk^ 
tue ^f his death by faitn. 

4. Thofe within the Chffdi 

efpccially, that do not rtap this 

' betiefit by, the death of Chrift 

perifh manifcftly by their own 

default^ foraimuch, as,Ood.hath 

ordained, that wherefocver the 
gracious promife of the Gefpcl 
inaJl he preached, ttec iMJ 
be, and/s withaU x3rdioan|y /^ 
piuch fupematorall grace oftrca 
together with the owwjw 
' ipeans, as may juftly c^flvincc 

the iaxpepitent, aod erfxlif^- 



ferierinty utfupr*. 

I. Su^ftfitA morle ChriBi ^ro 
mnihm hotnmhui^& iiitemione 
Dei candititnatA de gratia promifji- 
ms EvMgeUe^generaU, addit in- 
tentionem Dei fpedtdem de appli- ' 
ca/id* ht?te^ci9 mortis Chrijli /W 
grittijjfi magis du^afitem^ & e^-- 
taeem alfohteyctrto & infaUiiiiliter 
folis ekSisfjRt prtejudicio reliqm- 
rum. "D.OitnA.ibid.Art, 2. 

ing of* wilfijU ncglcft, if not 
a contemptooiB rejcdton. 

5, Bcfides this general! pro- 
mife of the Gofpcl, God hath 
dcCTeed CO give a itjpcciall, more 
abundant, atid effcaual! grace 
unto his clc^ whereby they 
may be enabled certainly, and 
infallibly to apply unto them- 
felves ihe benefit of Chrifts 
deaths and do accordingly be- 
lieve, and perfcvere, ana at- 
tain Salvation. 

The Third and Fourth Article 

Of Mans Corruption, His Free-will, His Converfion 
to God, and the Manner of it. 

OMnes cttfeMiiuaUhfrum ar- 
hitrium nihil lortipajje fine 
gratia pr^ ve/iieateiComitaxte/dfe- 
queate, ita lU gratia te/KOt prim- 
piam, nudiaM-t & ^lunty in cok- 
verlione, &^de^ & omm oferrho- 
jio, t). Ovcral. ihid Art. 3 . 

Is vohraa'e Scilicet lapfae^po- 
triaia pafftva adeJJ'ehoc fupernata- 
rah extrittfecuS advenient re^iea- 
ditm, mn autem aSiva ad idtm, vel 
ffrife^ vel cum alio proJiueiidim , 
Thcol . Brir. de Artic.-^.& ^.Thef. 
deconverfione 2. 

Jpfam volmtatem hgnamfaciefi- 
da vivijiaa^ Eptft. Synod. Epi&. 
^tk^ft.ibid. ^ 

I. ^AnswiUfince the 

ft fall hath of it fetf 
b no ability to any 
V- Spiritual Aft: e- 
f very good moti- 
on of it muft come from the 
Grace of God preventing, ac- 
eompanine , foltowing it , yea 
naturally u is inclinable to all c- 

2. Tlwrc is not therefore in 
thcwillofthenaturall man any 
aAive power to work his own 
converiion : In the regeneration 
God infufeth a new life, he 
<|uickehcth the will by making ic 
good. 5/ j.Thcrc 


Stmt qiuddm opera exteriui 4t 
hominihtt$ onUnarie requifita firiuf* 
quamAdfiatimregeMeratioHiSy out 
ionyerfionis perducmitr. 

Qiuai^iifdem quandoque liber e 
feri^ quandoque Ubere omittifolenty 
$aadire EccURam^ dudire verhi 
fr£comHmi^& id gems dlia. i^ 


Sunt quddam effeBa iuttrn4 ad 
converponem fen regenerai^iof^m 
fr£Vf^^ qaa virtute verbs , fpiri* 
tafque in nondum jujlificatcrMm cor^ 
dibus excitantur^ ^ualia fimt^ m* 
titiavohf^atis dinjin£^ fenfusvecr, 
catty tim$r'p(gMyCogitatio de Ube^ 
rMioney [pes ^liqua venire., ibid. 

Nonfikt gratia divsM homi/tes 
perdwere per fubitum Enthufiaf^ 
m^mfed muhis praviis aBionibi$s 
tniffifieria verbt fuia&os, (fpr^^ 
pamou ibid. in explic. Thef, 2. ^ 

i^aos Det^s ntediante verba per 
fl^iritum fuum himc in modum a^- 
city eosad fidem converfionemque 
verey & ferio- vocaty ^ tnvitaty 
Thcol. Brit, ibid.lbd. 3. 

J • Thcte ate yec Qcrcain foce- 
going ids, chat are j)rerecmitcd 
to tM converdon o(a man^ and 
they ace both inwacd and ^ac- 

'4. Outward as togo todie 
Church) to (it cevecently y to 
hearken to the word fpokcn : In- 
cheTe we have freedom of will 
cither way. 

. $. Inward as the Joiowled^ 
of Gods will, the feeling ot 
our fin, the fear of hell> the 
thought of deliverance, fome 
hope of parens for the grace 
of God doth not ufe to work up- 
on a Mao ioimediately by (iid- 
den raptures, but by meet ^c* 
parations, informing the Judg- 
ment of his danger, wounding 
die conference by the terrcim^ 
the law, fupplcii^ it by the pro- 
mifes of the Gof]^ .- Tl^cfc in- 
ward A£ks taiding towards con- 
verfion are by the power of the 
word,and Spirit ot God wrought 
in the heart of a Man not vet 
juftificd. ^ 

6. Thcrfc whom God thjs af- 
fedsbyhisword, and Spirit, he 
doth truly and feijoufly call, 
and invite to faitb, and conver- 

Qlioi it a ajficit DeuSy mn dejerity 

7^ thofe whom biT hath thus 

il W i ■ II I *' 



m i M 

wc defiftit in vet4 $td ^omjerpfiem 
via fromtnkre^frmpiMm ok iBk 
per negleBumem VBluniariam 3 4Mt 
huJHS^rMi* initidif tefiflfam dt- 
feratur. " . 

Hi prdcedanei JtffeBns virtute 
"Uerbi f^ritufque rebtllis vohHtatis 
vitiofufoem^ sc ftnitut extingM 
fo^unty &in mitkif fbka^ ddh 
ut aonmlU inqmtmn mentihsvit* 
Me verbis fiiritMfpe ifnpre£afu' 
itaU^trtiismutiiveritaiis divtM, 
dolor defeccatisfmSy dUp§d defi^ ' 
derii^My &0iiqi$4Ct^raliberMfo/2is 
muiefOur fUne in comrariumy veri* 
tat em tejicim^ & odio haheaMy 
concufifcentiif futsfe (radanty ih 
^ feccfiti$ occaJUofnyitidJIhcf.^. 

He kkSi qmdem ipfl in brsfr^- 
€edMek ad regemr^ionem oBi^us 
itaft gerant nnqiuim^quin t^fropter 
negUgemiam tf- r^fiftentiam'fuam 
foffint jnfie a Pko deferi & dere^ 
linqui ; fed ed eft erga eos Deifp^ 
ciaU$ mifericordta^ ^MmviSyScc. 
EtitMieniterumy iterumque urge^ 
H DeuSj nee defijlat prom0V&& d^ 
nee eofdemgratiafu^ jfrorfut fd- 
jf^averity ac in ^aisf pliornmregt" 
neratorum edbcsverih Thed. Bi^. 
t6id.Tbtfi^ ; 

'SfatYamJjfea'4imy^& tfftdctk 
adfahtm' cMV ^dUtinlek} h^y 
p9S De/iife^iene^acit^fuogfdlofo 
^Ugtyit^f^idm pf^Atar^iyfi' 

verid. in ArU ^Mti'Z\ •'- ' 

« 4 • 

ttfieacd3and called^ he forfakes 
not, ndthct ccafeth to further 
in the way to their convcrfion, 
till throttgn their willing negled, 
orrcpolfeof this initial! grace, 
he be fotfaken of them; 

8. Thcfe foregoing inward 
afts wrought by tne word, and 
Spiri; both may be, and are ma- 
ftV times through the fault of 
the rebellious will choaked, and 

rnched in the hearts of Men ; 
as after (bme knowledg of 
divine truth, fomc forrow for 
fin, and dctire, and care of de* 
livcradre they fall off to the con- 
trary, and give thetafclves over 

p. Yea the very clcd of God 
do not fo carry thcmfelves in 
thefe foregoing Adks, Ixit that 
they do ott-times juftly defervc 
for their negleft and refiftance 
to be forfaJcen of God 5 But fuch 
IS his fpeciali grace and mercy to 
riiem, that he norwithflanding 
fallpwes them etfc^ally witn 
pow«fuil helps till he have 
wrought out^ mi good work iii 

.10. When the hearts of his 

Weft arc thus cjccitcd, land prer 

pared by the foregoing A&s of 

^hd Wonditfull work regenc- 
Sfa rate. 


* m I* > i ' K 



Dens snimos eUBorum ptotum 
frdJiBis grsiU [m aStituS cscitMr 
tQSy & frdpAT^os intimd fussldm , 
<J miritbiU 6f ermine r€generfi'^& 
qusfi de novocreM infuimfuk fpi^ 
^ritumvivificsntem^ & omnesMi- 
TM fuultates nwii t^ualititibut 
imbuetdoy Theol Br. de cmverf. 

rrddiaam comJerfioitemfiquitur 
bdcnojlra convtrfio 4BtidIis De^a 
ferlictente ipfum aSlum credendi^ 
(if coffvertendh M mtdMa volun- 
Me qud ABa Adeo a^it & ipfs con- 
Wrtendofe ad Veum^i^ eredendo 5 
hoc ejt aa$fmfH»m vitdemfimule" 

race, and renew them, ijifii ^ 
itttb thcfli Ijh (jlickhilig jpt^tr^ 
and induing all i1}c powers of 
their foul with new qualities oF 
grace, and holyneft. . 

II. Upon this converEon, 
which Qod works in the heart > 
foUowes inftafitlv cur a^^l 
conveciion to God, whiles frc^a 
our new chaftgcid will, God 
fetches the aft of our lbeIieving^ 
and turning to him. He gives 
that pewetg which the will eicer- 
cifes : fo as it is at on^e both 
ours, and Gods ; - ours in that 
we do work ; Gods, in thae he 
works it. in us. 

I>ivi»a hds sBio mm l^edit vo- 
hmtstis Uiertatem , fed roborM , 
wque tamen extirpM radicitHS viti- 
ofam refifiendi poffihilimem , fed 
(^prMtt^em ild refi^endum. me^ 
tiiusfpiritusfa^Siifedh^ refifii- 
tilitas proper, ef^cMiJfimMm^^ Jus- 
vfjpmam motiQnem gr^a neqmt in 
sBum hie & nunc erumpere^, huic 
gratU rejifti nequity quid primum 
'0per/itur VeUcy id eft non refifiare^ 
^Q.iHidjn explic. Thef. 2 . . 

- Dtumcum yoherityi^quibut 
nS9herit grstidm Urn shundsMem , 
tarn pptenfem^ Mt am^uAm , sut 
Mo rmdi efficacm conce/i^re w ta 

- :> * rf *- 

I a. In workit^ upon the will, 
God doth not over tmow the na- 
ture of the will, but caufeth it 
to work after it's own native 
manner, freelv, and wiUingly> 
neither doth k pull up hj the 
jroots that fintull poflihittnp, 
which is in our nature to tern 
good motions, but dotfa fweetly, 
and effe<%]al1y work in Man a 
firme and ready will to obey 
him, his grace is fo powerfttll, 
that it is not violent. 

Ft U true that whiles our natit^ 
xallconctipif^eticfcra^nes m tis 
we have not only a poflibffity? 
but a pronencf$[to refiftance^. 
.which yet. 4s by the. gracious' 
and cfe^kyill njotion of God' 




' ubcrMis refifiere ^ mn trnm^u- 

-^jljlk ^fcd ctrt9 & infmbiUter 

0ife(juAtHr ^t>t. OvcraL w At-. 

Dem Umimnt c^merfitniy &fi- 
dilem mn itdfemfet movei ad toms 
' alBm fulfe^ae^^Sy tU ioUa ipfam 
V^Iuhtatemrefifiefidi^ fed quando- 
^uc permittit iidm vitiofu$de^ct' 
rt'a duSif^graU^ & infarticuU" 
ribmtmUis a^bui concufifcemU 

Ofortetfemfer difcrlmen fldtue'^ 

. re tJrier ilhs oRds pr impales y fine 

quibmfahs EleBorun noncoxfiaty 

& particular es fnbfeiuentes aBuSy 

JSfc. ibid, in explic. 

Spm fo overtulcd^ that it breaks 
iiocfofcbjiicaapreitnc Adiy for 
Cod works 11^ us CO willy char isy 
noccorefift: Yea the very will 
corefift^ is for che cuhe caken a** 
way by the power of grace . . 

13. God doth not alwayes Co 
work in the regencratci that he 
doth ever take from them this 
will to refift^ but fometicnes fuf- 
fers them through their own 
fault to give way to cheir own 
finfull defires j for.howfoevcr in 
thofc priiicipall AQsy which arc 
abfolucely neceflary to Salyatidn 
the grace of God works powet- 
fully in the tkOty both the wtlf^ 
iandf che deed in his own good 
time^yec in fomc particular ads. 

he tfauiks good for his own holy 
pnpofes CO leave the beft Men fomecipfies co themfelvcs, who do 
thereupon grieve his good Spiric by a recoverable rcfiftancc. 

Qf the Fifth Article 



Qttibafdam mn eleBis cmedi- 
tutqu^dam tUmminatio fu- 
ferMuraliSy €uj»s virtute 
inteUigam. ^^^^ in verba Dei ath 
Mumantur e§eiera\iifdemqiaSe»- 

fiimpr^bm mmmefijMU^ J» 


EVeto: among chofc^ 
which belong not to 
th)c election of God 
f here. are fomc, that are cn- 
lifthtnedbyfiipern^turall knpw^ 

kdg,. and give . ihcir aflfent to 



p^^» " " " 

■^1 !»■ 



itfdem w hAC c$gmtione^ ^fid^ • 
critfir afffSmm quiedam mfaaie^& 
morum ^lipalis emeipdMio^ mh e- 
Wthuc ufque frogrejfi 4d ^Mum 
tamen adoftionis & jt^ificitionis 

Unde confiat tos mmquam reipfa 
fertingere id illam mentis^ C&* ^j^ 
feBuuM mut4itionem^ &rennatio' 
nem^ qudt em juflificatione eon* 
jmRa eft 5 imo nee ad iUani^ qmt 
proxime pr^fparaty sc difponit id 
juBificiHi^nem^ ex flic. 4» 

Idem regemti 4tc jufifpcsti quan* 
doquefuoztM incidut^ in /Uroera 
peccatdy il^idHhtC. 3. de perfever. 

JHdignaionemI>ei paterfmrnin-' 
eurrunty dsnmaBikm ecmrihunfr 
Zlq. ihid. 

lu ut dum in eo (iatu impceniten^ 
tesperfifiunty necdeieant^ necpof- 
fint aUterfihi perfuadere^ quam fi 
fife morti obnoxios^ in explic. tjufd. 

Tdi( peccator Mat merits tuo 
damnandH^y 7he$LBr.ihidT\\ti.%. 

J us ad regnum m^n ioiUtur^ &c. 
Jure regm httreditaria exeidet^ 
non'pote^^ih expUc* Art. €^ 


Terttafenlentia Ecclefis AmII^- 
emaponit eum Auguftino- ertdeth 
tes ^uidtm cwtmunktr pojje a$yA 

the r«th of the €ofpcI , re- 
ccivcing the Gtsic with fomc 
joy, aiid from that knowledge 
ana faiib find Tome change in 
their a£fe^oiis, and livesy who 
yet howfoever they may pafs in 
the judgment of charity, never 
attained te that hearty leiiova^ 
tioD, which is joyned with jirfkt* 
ficatiofl, nor yet to the imme- 
diate <ki[pofittofi theteunto, and 
therefore were never ill the 
true State of the adoptmn of 
Sonsi thefemay atterly fall a^ 
way fron! that grace, wWch t\iey 
have profe(&d. 

2. The true believer, and rc-^ 
generate hath no itnmiinir^, or 
priviledg, whereby he is fcctb- 
red ftom^falling into thofe horri- 
ble fins, whid) are committed 

3. Wlules he continues m 
th^e fins, he mns into the dif- 
[deafure of God, and is in the 
guilt of dtmnation, fo«s be nei- 
ther can, nor ought to peifwade 
hifflfelf other, then that abiding 
in this State impeiiitenc he i% 
obnoxious toeternall death. 

4. Hbwfocver fiidli t one 
ftands byhiJtiwii'ddfert io the 
Sate of damnation, iret thofe 
wh# JlStefoiiacUf' c^teaio t tfnr» 



tiay &fidefcr carnif in^rmitMem and lively faith^ lofe not all 

& letustioms recidept^ etisni de- their right to the inhcricance of 

pctre 'y [ed^dit ilks credeHtes^m Heaven, neither can either to- 

ftcundum frifofitum njocMti funt^ tally, or finally fall from grace, 

^ique infidevivafolidt rddiuti * and petifh everlafiingly : ^t by 

fuerim^ nofkf^e totditerj di$t fi- the fpecialJ, and eneduali fa- 

vditer deficere^ &p€rirey fed p^r vour, and inopcration of God 

gf^Um Dei fpeaalem , (^ ^fficd- arc kept up, ' and enabled to pcr- 

cem its iff fide verSy df viva per- fcvere in a true, and lively faith, 

fe vrrsrey ia iMdem dd vium e- fo as that at lall they are thought 

ternampftdmMwr^. Ovetal.i>f toeternall lifc» 
^rt. 5. 

Thcfe arc the Articles of accord, which whoFoever holdctb and* 
reftcth in, my foul betwixt him, and his harmcs in the ignorance of 
ftuther pard.ulars. Let there be a thoufand paicelis, and Atomes 
of trath contained inihefe heads, there needs no more be known, 
perhaps not all thefe, let there be no fewer errours in mifholdii^ 
thole other manifold (fareds of opinion, yet thefe ate no robs in our 
way to Heaven : And if now having contented in thefe chief fpeci-^ 
£ties , we will needs fall out about imioateriall inferences, we are 
>liketoauarrelottsbccthren,who having agreed upon the main di- 
viiion ot their inheritance, fall out amut fome heaps of rubbifh.. 
Away with this unquiet Spirit from us, that profels Chriftians ; . 
what fhould thefe Mattockes and haouners found in the living Tern* 
^le of the holy Gb«ft ? 

Men, Bretlwn, Fathers help j who fees not a dangerous fire 
kindling in our Church by thefe five fatall brands ? which d it be 
not Ipcedily quenched, threatens a furious eroption, and Aoll'too 
late dye in our a(hes. That aafty Devitl, that envyes our peace, 
takes this perilous feafon to diftrad us, that fo we might fall as a 
prey to a common Enemy, It is not yet too late to redrefs this cvill : 
A few Paihfiill may yet feafonably extin^i(h this weak flame,. 
whidi^time will make headftron^ and irreixiedi^Ie«. Let me - 
boldly lay, it is liot difputation, it is not Counter-writing that can 
ouendh it ; Thefe couriS^ are but the bellowes to dif&ife, and raife 
uek fla(hei tdmore height) and ra^e ; we faw it in the praiftife 
of wr oei^Ubonrs, nevcrdid thatBeTgickquarrell^towtoe^tremi- 



I I 

66 ' 

tjy III! after the folcmn conference before the States at the H4^»#, 
which was intended to appeafc it. There is no poflible ledrefi; 
but in a (evere Edi^ ofrtftraint^to charmc all tongues, and pen? 
.upjn cbe iharpeft puaiTbment from paiTing thofe moderate bounds, 
which the Chdrch oi Etigbmd^ guided by the Scriptures hath ex- 
prefly fee, or which on both fides are iuUy accorded on. If any 
Man herdin complain of aQ ufurpation upon the confcience and an 
•un juft fc^imde, let him be taugnt the difference betwixt matters of 
; £uch, and Scholafticall diiquifitions / Thofe have God for their au- 
chor, thefe the brain of Men, Thofe are contained in ^Sbriptures, di- 
ther in exprefs Terms, or irre&agable confequences s thefe are onlj 
deduced thence by fuch aooked inferences as cannot command tU- 
fent s Thofe do mainly import our Salvation, thefe not at all. Thofe 
are for the Pulpit, thefe for the Schools ; In thofe the heart is tyed 
to believe, the tongue muft be free to fpoak. In thefe the heart 
may be free, the tongue may be bound, of this latter fort are tfie 
points we have now in hand , befldes , and after the accorded 
particulars, which how unfit they are for popular ears, and h ow 
unworthy ]to break the peace of the Church, (hall appear in tl* 
' difficulty of the (queftions in the unimportance of the ill raifed di&« 
rences. * . ^ 

For the former we need no o- 

yifam faplemijfimo numm oh- ther Judge then St. ^ujUnhim^ 

fcuritaie quaJam & Ucnrum ambi^ felf, who calls this quefiton of 

guitMe involvere hoc mjiteris. prcdeflination, whereon the reft 

depend, Quefiitmm difficilUnumy 
&pauci$ ifitelligiiikm^ a quefKon moft difficult, and which bat few 
can undcrfland. What need we any other witnrfs then the leamedft 
followers ^(^rmifnus^ who in their Epiftle to forraign Divines con- 
fefs that it ha'th feemed good to the mofl wife God to involve 
thefe myftcrics in obfcurity , and in ap atxdnguity of places feemingly 
contradiaory. ^ 

And fome Pi^es after, they 

Hdc ipfa tie prad. ferplexs^fpi^ profefs to f td^fcrioe to the Ju%e- 

mfA & ohfcurtMefuAimlefliirim mentof all Divines, bbtfi taid'- 

ibid. ent, and modern, that thefe 

queltions oi predeftinatioB be- 
ing perplexed , thorny \ and troublefome through their ob- 



"i m iwiw . " ■ ■■T^iTg' 


foirciicis^ may wichouc all dccrim^ac of 5alv«ti(m be euhcrun- 
WiQwn, or ducuflcd^ 

' Neither was that comparifon p^ Strig^Uws amifs, who likens the 
place of preiielUnatton in Divinity to tm Coifick Rule in Aritbnc- 
uVk. But what anidlenefs wdse ic to ptove thedajngcr bfthe paf- 
fage^ough thefc SandS) and Rocks, when we fee the Shrpwracks t 
VVnere ey or did die great Do^r of the Gentiles cry O dthueh bur, 
in this point ?To fall upon thcfe difcdfurfes then in popultt audttoric t, 
what were it other, then to teach AhebrA to thofe, that yet know 
not their figjorcs , or to turn thsm lole into a ptriloos Sea,w)H> know 
neither Coaft„ nor Car(jie, nor Conpafs. 

But were the knowledg of tbefe difierences as necefiGn^ as it is 
hard, the difficulty (hbuld but whet our appetite^ and iocoura^e 
ourindaftrviwhatifit appear there is as little ufe, aseafe in the 
common Canvas of theoi s and that when the noife of paffion is 
Hilled on both fides, fo as each will but hear other fpeak with juft 
fardur> and moderation, our variance (hall be ptoved lefs materiall 
then maybe worthy of the wart of Brethren^ ms (hall be made 
good in our following ^fcQiirfej whkh I intreat both parts in the 
bowels of Jefus Qiiiil to examine without prejudice, as that 
which proceeds from an heart fincerely devoted to tnith and peace. 
The Judge of all hearts, before whom I ftand, knowes with what 
honeft intentions to the wellfare of this nd>le Church, with what 
freedom from all partial! affedions, with what indigijation at 
thefe unTeafonable troubles, with what seal of the common trafi- 
quillity, I put my hand to this too neceffary ( if thanklefs ) task. 
Who can tell wHether God did not purpofely fend me to be a wit- 
defs of thefe auairels abroad, that I might he able co fpeak a word 
infeafonfor tncir appealing at home. 

' That we may diiUnguiih the parts without any afperfion , I (ball 
crave leave to call the Followers of the Tenet of the Synod of Dorr, 
Defendants ; The other, which vary from thefe, tollowincr the 
fteps, either pf acute Arminius^ or of our learned, and judicious 
Bifhop Oi/<r4/, Opponents. The Neiherhmds Sirc out of our way in 
this quarrel!, yet for the neerncfs, both of the place, and caufe let 
us touch there in our paffage. Nowthen Ictus take a (hort furvay 
of the particular di£^rences, and call each part to the nearcft vcige 
cff an accord. 

- - • T t The 

The nrft is the point of prcdeftiBMion) concetnit^ whkh^ three 
things are wont to be ^eftioned. i. The motive or ground. 2ly. 
Thcobjcft. 3ly. The order of it. , 

' " " * ■ parts hold 

taufam ejje imf^lfi vam dtcreti Dtiy 
fed Ui;errimm Dei volumaiem V(h- 
kntis Imjm mfftreri^ tUim mn nu^ 
fidren:4mm tanunjidem^ '&in^ 
fidelitstem tirndkumet effe , fine 
quilmSy nee htmcfalvarey mc ilbm 
pr^terireepc fun pBto teneplAcito 
flifimfiut Deo^ Epift. lUnw^r. ad 

there is 110 other impnlfii 
rf QkIs Decree of Ele^onj or 
^eprbbatioQ) then the ifirce will, 
and pletfurc of ihc Almighty : 
Oolv the one parr holds, that 
Gods decree looks at faith^ ^d 
infidelity^ as conditions in thofe,, 
who are to be chofen, or refa* 
fed : The dther eafflyi graunts 
that na Man is cleft but flic te- 

, ,,^.. reprobate, but 

the icbdlious, andi3nbeliever,althoii^ they will not pat the/c as 
foreieqtiircd conditbns into the aft of Gods qccree.VVhy ihouJd the 
meet fwppofaB of a condition be w«th their ^larre^^^ fiicc it is 
yielded on all hands, that itiGddsdecre^ of oor juftificationlie lool^ 
at our faith^ a neodfiuy condfciori rec|ttired thereunto, without any 
derogation to the perfeft fteedom of that his gradous decree. 

If falHimay be graunted not to 

mm mn prffi^ qmku effn dstu- 
^ rm^ ' ut crederenty out qMsdstbH 
TMS ^ffetfiUo fm^ id ex its npn 
fffdem quinquam. Aug. de imo 
perfevu:.!:^^ • 

ftiusB dicdju Demn in nobis 
'jb/^M, & perfiverstienem oferor 
riy nihil efiy car miifcum cer- 
Unty fequimr emm^ Deum in hi- 
mine non ftfniJJeplMS hnipr^fitre^ 
quAm ifftlnit in eo^ ut ekBopif effi- 

mre decrevit.Contrd Jitm.In C$U 

be ik our own power, but that it 
is the gift of Gpd, there can no 
main incooveaiencc follow upon 
tWsTcneti that God in our e* 
ledJon had an eye to our <|Qar 
Ufieation with that faith, which 
he would give us. 

Thus the Bclgick ttifcndents; 
if they grant (fay they) that 
God works in us faith, and per- 
fcverance, there is no caufe,wby 
they Hiould contend with us 5 
for it followes, /rfiar Gdd could 
not forefce more g3od ut 

Man their he decreed to work in 
him, as his eled: one. 


I ■-_ 

• * 

^ t_M-MMi^m^amm^vmmmmm ' tn miimmm i^l»n— * i i nw i i ' ■ 

wm m l^^'»^i^^'^^imm^mmmm>m^mim>m0^mim^m<^im^Jiimmam»i^^^^'-^Jim^^mimmmim^mmmmmmmmmimmmm 


Now hear hovy dofe i$ic op- 

Qiutjtk ejl^MMtttnm Pem^ (K>iicRt$ profefs to come. The 

/nm Imdw0i ^£^1^5 ^. Sed m c|ueftbH is nM>ftithC(?ru^^ one 

AMI 0$»fiilifigvira^ Mjm^reffkMft <tt their Icame^ Atitfaors^Whe* 

40W3-(^^^^^^<^'' Cher. <3od when h) chafe Mai 

confidered hifn> 'as who, by the 

power ef nature, without the 

Hoc £cit Anninms, ^ fidem iicip of jgracc; ihould believe^ 

Mfiaffkfwriim ft^umrDei d^fimtt^ but whether God oonfidered 

JiL Au Omkk asherfi Ti^ Hm, ^ hoW befieveing V tbci 

lm.f. ja# ,|rift> and grace of G jd / This 

- ' isic (faithfie) which Arminiui 
t^adbfcS) wk> Jickflowled|es &ith to be die piu« putc guift of 
God^ '•' -i • • '•• ' ' ' ' 

^ Wfidid MIC sot«ow littnltbotbiMttts agreed ? IticDeteiideiits 
ido i30t<dc£n,^tlmfiud»inaybe'f;rattntl:4tobe the mecr gutfc of 
Codu thte Opjpatxkn pMfds te graunc it ; wbat do they now 
pcecend to^tdc ac, 4 tt^iflefa ^rtt^e J 

> « < 

£f»/im Atttoiiuus ^^^/^ j^- Faith'tstx)nfi4ered,;ray the 
dem Dei dnmi ^^^ fid dmmm Oppfonents as agmft of God i 
in tlkeMdwfof^siieqmJitfm^ &M9$kiK wiietiher proctedmgfrom his 
eoifkSUMy fid dUDeiv^Umitt ^leAion, or from aijphcr wiU 
rAitohf. iJ^ir/*<jQtv* p^ 54« - of his, thfefjmhCj^rJwrww is the 

€|ueftion. But v4^7 fhould this 

How fsttdiis granted to be a 4=>^i^n trouble their peace, or 

frtittoflElcflamtaCracefeeKe* What can thtSvfnbtlety affard 

iOodfa-. firifU'digma. Dcckr. abletocountervaHd]publickun^ 

^mt.i.p.9. > c|netnd(s, wtiikitis agcead by 

them, that God £?rcfees no- 
diiagin^ns, but the faith of Hs own givihg, let the Schools carefpr 
shercfttf SomewiU^rhapsiiifpefta fecretfraudin this fo liberd 
gmilnt jofc the J!^ jirlr Opponetts> that {uth is the meet gift of God, 
jMid &n)e%illptrltffis^imag^^ thattittntghtbe a w^rd , which 
^ptcafaattj firou thek ton^e, whereof they nli^t after re- 
fcnt, _ ' , ' 

■ i. 

Tea But 



ridcmefe Dei dtmm & fo- 
UntU ejus in mhis fffici milies i» 
iM esdem tollsfi$ife c^jtfcfijmm 
Jo. AxQolreff. ddmisis Bogcr- 

^ ^Buc for this latter let J^smtet 
Arnoldi their bcft advccacc ijpeak 
f«r all. That faith is the gi^c of 
Godandis.wroi^htin us by his 
poWer^we have ( iaith be ; 4 
thoufaod times confeflcd in one 
conference at the H^gme. For the 
etBer^ I take not upon me either their procsratiofl) ox their patro- 
oage> This work were bQehbofy^andimDcrtinent: much perploced 
traveifc ot confec^enc^s fd^rme^, and dqiycd goes to dms task . Let 
ubetHeirparttomakego^ that afler^ 

tion^ which for .peace Uu^e I gladly repon from them at the beft^nd^ 
this pceceef the quarrel! ftml receive a fair initiation: Only I 
muft needs fay that in the contentions of brethren it is far mote e- 
quail to receive their own beft conftru&ions then to urge and obtrude 
upon them difavowed impliutions. Surely tbere;i$tiera b6th oFwif- 
dom, and Charity in the djfgcining pf opinioBS coocernisg this 
point. To hold^ that faith is the gift of God, as' that is given to all 
them^ whom Cod forefaw wquldf^pofe. thcmlclies by the good 
ufe of their freewiii to receive it^ and who {hould improve the po- 
wers of nature to their utmdft, is no better then P^iSig/41^ wnofe 
exploded word was of old, thatsrace is given according to merit; 
To hold that faith is ib the gift of^God^suiat it is therefore only not 
given toJJU hecwfe all will not jeceive it, tor that God calletfo alh, 
and givesCnto all men fuffident helps to believe^ if they will, and 
^ocs no further, and therefore that according to the prcvifion of eur 
^ee co-working with this f^cient ^4ce his decree determines of 
lis, is but fomewhat beuer then feU^tM. To hold that £uth is (b 
the gift of Go^, as that he doth noppniy.givje common, and iu£ci«^ 
cm hdpsfo,mGn, whereby they arc made able to bcliffve,. if^bc-y 

will, bat fo work^ in them by his 

. EkaionisAiero qM jd grMism 
^^fruBm^ &U:^.J3efieJlci$iSanitn 
midiorum, qȣ per ffJitiam fygftdi^ 
inntur homo rm WUmm folem rtdr- 
iiiti^msl crtdendum^ fcd^uetifm 
uedit & fidnn couciftt^ &c. 
Senepch illius foUus grai^t i/i 

grace, thattheV do by the pow^ 
er thereof a^Ily Relieve , and 
^conceive twe faith iri^dKiriooli 
This iSi :fMr» and Octfaodoxe. 
AndeVcAtQ-^do lihe :8r^fVJb 
opponents profcffe to come ^ 
in their late d(^matiGalwtitin|s^ 




$mmiMS ^tti credunt es tMSenertUtr which how fitly it holds fuit with 

&efiiia$9$r. - thdr other Tcncnts, let it be 

Remj^.Scrifis^Ihgm.I^icUr. their ore to approve unto the 

Sent^circs I. Artk. ChorchofGod, 

ighc be a fair advantage taken 


For the Second : thequeftion is, ^)on what point of Mans & 
ftate^ we (hoold fai^n the decree of predeftinacion) whiles the. 
one pare holds Man falne the object of this deaec } The other. 
Man oelievctnff, or incredulous. What reafon is there this (hould. 
raifefoloudamifo, (ince we do willingly wink at the reft of the 
diiB&rences of like nature concerning this point. For there are fix. 
fevcral opinions about the objeA of predeflinacion ; whiles fbme 
takcit CO be Man indcfinicely, and commonly confidcicd : Others 
hold it to be Man, that was to be created : OriicrsMan>as he was 
etcaUe, fallable/avcable ; othersMan created, but as in his pure 
naturalls : Others Man falne, which is the moft common Tenet. 
Laftly others man, as believeing, or difobeying the call of Godi 

Why fhbuld thefe two laft be brought upon the Stage wth fo much ^^^* ^^ 
profeffion of hoftiliry, whiles the other four are paflled over by a ^^'^^^ 
willing connivency on all hands, and the Authors of then^ ( whofe 
reputaiion (o fmall a mote is not thoughtworthy to disfigure ) go 4- . 
way with meet honour in the Church of God. There isMp^ of the 
four firft; vvhkrh,- upbn fome ftratmng, may nor yield flHh, ^d 
' unpleaibg cbnfecjucnccs, and yet are let go without the mifchief 
cf apublick 4ivifion. I muft baldly fay (referving' my judgment 
concerning this point to my fett ) twtt if this fuppo^ faith nuy bo . 
yiddedthe mecrgitt(t of God ( asforaierly ) I cannot difcern any 
h dangebms. incmiy entenoe m this branch of the opinion, as fhould 
warrant the breach of the common Peace. 
', As for dae odbr, what do we brawling about our own conceits I 
Weallknowthaeisfautonemoft ftmple Aift of God. in this hu 
decoc^i^ wbttcin^^refore there can be neither precedency nor 
pcdletiorit^l i : :> - 

if we nov#,.&r our underftindings fake,.fball.(b exprcfs this 
t>Ma6: <^ God^ as that, whiles we vary'm the explication^ weaie 
confounckd in our owa feaficsi, what do we^ but fight with our 

• ;a ^ 


i » m i i 



3; a 

own Aiadowes. That Xiod reqvurM f«cb«s nec60kry to Salvidea 
isgraunced of alU but in whftc plaice it comrs into bis dcaec^ 
there is the doabt. One p««malsc$fGiit<ii<Mn^«dsofGod$ <le- 
crcc, wirrcin the geiicrall purpftfe of rocicy to Mankind tfami^ 
bif SonChiift Jdtt8,.tofcvc believers, and the guifr of neccflary 
means for the attaining of fiiiih comes before the fpcdall deacc 
-of faving thofe particulars, whom he forefaw would believe, re- 
pent, pcrfevcre; andcontrarilytheothct ttukes fewer decrees in 
a<x>nttary (»der, placing the decrees of parckulaceledian to life 
^ore the ordinatton of the nieans teodiiK tbeKtmto : So as {axda^ 
and pcrfcverance ^be from this ipedaU decree of cbuiing uidcndtt- 
allpcrfoastolife. Why ftiould%ve be diftcaded in the AOt^Sd- 
ons of our own making and nottatber ceft iileat, and yvondaag ia 
^ acknowledgment of the iimpUdiy of that one aA of the ai& 
flitely wife God, whodedil^iw iMM^u, kt Urn casAAe, croMed, 
felne, redeemed, bclicTcing, which our (hallow cai9adties {hall in 
iKith labour toxromptehend. &uc!lly^acwicpethebettcT|)ofliireof air 
hands, to faafc one of them laid'Upon our lips, the other lifted np 
for admiration, thentoimploytheminbillfetiiie eacbodier kt an 
invincibb ignorance, or taUppHoa ^ that, wfajch our firare na- 
ture can never admit us to know :0 Cod, what do wt feaicfa, or 

.fluatiell to ndls thofe wayes of thioe, which ace paft fiodfflg out ! 

Q^iwm C9ntr» Rem, Detm 
si-dterm cntat piftUm ftrftuM 
fegregaffty wt eas per Chri^um^r- 
que pdm in iffum fdvmet , «m 
Brit pnevideret iUas xretlitwrws\ 
pdea vterAUnttmgtMiafeciaHbm 
ienefUcitum fium, Ffd& imdt- 
trttum Dei efe ^terfmm, fSf^m- 
nuadikf ice H4t£ dipfriptio itu 
latfid efiiitetiMm& iufinm:pedm 
MddmiUat :C<tUoq, H4^.p. 8 1, ^^- 
mififir* vindic, i . Art, 

» . 

That we may ooii(ideraUtfae& 
joyntly together, that Gad hnh 
let apart cenatn pac^cular per* 
(fiSRSCe-faMeticttt^ Quift^and 
Vy£ii^.in:fattii, mc becaufe iie 
focelftw they wfNild'bdieTCj but 
of htsioeer^ace only « 
eoiittigBidploaufiiiesnid tbat^ 
table, isia^xbdioni^'botbfides^ 
This defcriptton iSat Bc^^ 0^^ 
poneiKS gcant m befb wide a 
Atooe that 'it lAill ferve tbctt 



Sedfiferfwis eertis vel frngw 
lares imelUgun tanqumn pt^uUrett 
*e ferinie et^f* ChriHumy & fi* 
dem. eenfiderdtss, id vero fertteSl*' 
mtg Rem. ihid.f, 8 ^. 

. . --, 

And why then (hould cicher 
part fcek or care for any other 
Laft i Surely a Qhriftian needs 
not ekher fcarch or know any 
nu^e. Now comes in a Scbo« 
laftkall ^ttirke to trouble the 
peace of Mens hearts^ and 
brains , Whether God h«/e fet apart thefc certain fingular perfons, 
as pcrfons fuiguku: without all refpcfts to any other confiderutions. 
or whether his decree lookc at them as Invefted with thofc qualities 
which he meant t<> give and fiircfces asgiven^ Doubtlefs to make 
Men capable of Salvation, there is faith, repentance, good worki, 
perfeverancc in good^ a£hially rcCkiired of Godj But thefe nc- 
ceffiiry difpofitions are ranged under the execution of Gods de- 
cree .• 'Hicfe he requires, thefe he giyes,thefe he works,thcfe he de- 
aecs to worke in his 5 why (hould we be fcrupulous in what place 
^y come into the holy pnrpofes of God, which we graunt cannot: 
be miffing in our vvay to Heaven i Why do we not rather labour to 

be fuch , as he rccpjires, that we 

CdfOrs Rem. N^qutms tmqudm 
dixmm finguhret iSas ftrfonaSy 
quM Deus A ^tterm ekgii plsne 
extrd Chrifimy & ^dem ejje c0H^ 
pderMdMyi^ qaifemfer rBtunde 
ftdfefifamMSy nferkaChrip^dtm 
in fpfum in eltSUne ifis pfigttUri- 
urn ferfoMTum dJt^ fieSari , & 
iuAerifnmidiis^quibuseas VtM 
fidtuit s^fdhaemferdiuereyCoBdq. 
Big. ecmra. Eem.fng. 140, 

may in joy what he hath promi* 
fed', and pre-ordained for us ? 
What fay the Bel^ick Defen- 
dents ? Neither did we ever fay, , 
that thofc fingular perfbns,. 
whom God chofe (ttm all eter- 
nity were to be confidered with* • 
outrefpeAto Chrift, and f^irh 
in him, but have ever roundly 
profeifed , that the merits' of ' 
Chrifl and faith in him are con* 
(idered of God in this cleAion of 

individual pcrfons, as means, whereby he bath decreed to bring 
diem to falvation j fee then how narrow this difference is^God hath 
decreed i^ thefe means to bring men to falvation , yet thefe fall not 
intolKs decree ofjatdinary choice to falvation, they are in the execu^ 
lion of his d^e, and in the decree of his execution , they are not 
inthedecreeofhts deftion. Let thefc be undoubted truths, as 
tbey are, yet vvlutt need the fouls i)fqaietCh^ racked with 





fo fukile queftions ; U-well bcfiw the Schoolcs to examine thefc 
problemes, but for common Chriltians it doth not fo much concern 
them to encjuitc, how the order of Gods decree ftands in our apprc* 
Jhenfionofthatonefimpleaftof the divine, undcrftanding, orwiU^ 
as how it is in-rcfpeft of thp execution : Here comes in our main /n- 
-lereft in thefe eternall Councills of the Almighty , which drawes 
.from us a due care, and indeavour to be c;apable of this promncd 
falvation, and to avoid the wayes of death : Could we be pcrfwad* 
cd to take more from that fpeculation, and to add more to this pra- 
^&i(c^ it would bq much ijappier for us* . » 

Neither i^ this election according to the Plea of the opponents 
made ever the m(Mie uncertain by this prerequifition of our faith, 
iince they profefs to teach it fuppofed in our eledion, not as a con- 
dition, whofe performance God expels, as uncertain, but ^ z 
^ift, which dod according to his eternal! prefciencc forefees in 
Alan prefent, and certain; as the decree of fending Chrift into the 
World, did not depend upon a conditioned, and unceroiin ex* 
peAation of what Man would do, or would not do, but upon the 
infallible notice of God, whoforefaw Man, as prefently (Inning, 
or falne, fo as the ele(5lion of God is not fufpended upon the tnuta- 
bilityof Mans will, but fspon the infallible certainty of the' fore- 
Jcnowledg of God , (o whofe eyes our faith, and perfeverance 
is not more doubtful), then future, and \^fe prefcience harh no 
IcfS' infallibility, then his decree. If therefore God may have the 
fole glorJj£ this vyork in the guift of that faith, wliich ne forefees, 
aai our el^ion hazards no certainty ( as they profiles to hold ) 
v^tistbere^ that (hould need to draw blood in this firft qtiar-> 

But what need I labour to reconcile thefe opinions, which have 
J10 rcafon to concern us. The Church of Exjgbuul according to the 
explication of R. B. Overall goes a mid-way betwixt both thefe. 
For whiles the one fide holds a generall conditionall decree of God 
to favc all Men, i( they believe, and a particular decree of favinv 
thofe, whom he forefaw would believe, and the other fide not ad- 
mirtin^ of that generall conditionate decree, only teaches a parti* 
cular abfolute decree to fave fome fpeciall perfons, for whom only 
Chrift was given, and to whom aace is given, irrefiftiblely, all o- 
theis being by a no -lefs . abfolute decree rejet^s our Chorch 

. * (lairh 

I ■ ■ I I ■ I !■ |l _ W I 



( faith he ) with Sr. jlufiiit maintaineth an abfolutc and partfcular 
decree of God to favc thofe, whom he hath cho'en in Chrift, not 
Gut of the prefcience of cur faith^ and will ^ but out of the mccr 
purpofc of his own will, and grace, and that thereupon God hath 
decreed to give, to whom he 1f)leafeth a more ctfeduall, and abun- 
dant graa,by which they only netmay believe and obey^if they will, 
bat whtfpeby they do a^ftually will, believe, obey, and pcri'evcrc 
without prejudice to thereft, to whom he hath aUo given gradous 
offers, and helps to the fame purpofe, though by their juft fault neg- 
lected : What can the Synod of DjTf in this cale wifh to be faid 
more^ Indeed with all he addeth a general conditionate will of God, 
or a generall evangelical promifc of favin^ all, if they do believe 
fincc God doth will, and command, that dl men (hould hear Chrift 
and bcUevc in him, and in fo doing, hath offrcd grace, and falvati- 
onunto all, declaring how well thcfe two may agree together. That 
firft God bath propounded falv ation in Chrift to all, if they believe, 
and hath offred them (within the Church efpecially ) a common,and 
fuffieient grace in the means^ that he hath raercinilly ordcined, if 
mea would not be wanting to the word of God, and his holy Spi- 
rit } and that to afcertain thefalvation of man, hfe hath decreed to 
add that efpeciall, effe<5taall and favins; grace unto Tome.- Neither 
of which truths can well and fafely be cTenyed of any Chriftian : On- 
ly the found of a generall and conditionate will, perhaps, feems ha«fli 
to fomc ears, whereto yet they ibould do well to inure thcmfelves, 
fince it is theap^oved diftindion of worthy. Orthodox', and un- 
queftionable Divines. 

Zmct tpis ( in his book defrddefl.Saf2S. ) hath it in term wis with a 
large cxpofition. That God willeth fome things abfolutely (laith he) 

it is manifeft, and plainly con- 

Deunt iieUe qaddam dfolute firmed by Scriptures j fo he ab- 
mmfeBum effe^ & liters faer^ folutely willed the world (hould 
confirmanti etemmvokit nrnndum .beacated, and governed, fohc 
creari^ &c. abfolutely willed y that Chrift 

fhould come into the World , 

Eundem I>em velle q^iiddm and dye for the falvation of his 
conditioMliter decent itidem faerie eleft 5 he wills alfo abfolutely, 
liter£yVult emm omnesfalvan\ that the elcft (hall be favcd, and 
fi veUnt implere legem^ aa in Chri- therefore perfomes to them all 

Vb things 





fium credere j projude iUm frir- 
rem vofo dfoluum voluntjtewijoanc 
njero fofteriorem eonditm^^lem. 0- 
f'ufc.f. 291. 

Cdterum tUud fdmen verum ejt 
Veum "velle omnes homines falvos 
fieri voluntate fcil. reyelata^- & 
conditionali^ nimtrum fi velint in 
Chriftum credere & ejm Ugi fer- 
vmd^^uderey hacemm yok^ste 
nemoafaUte^ & cognitione wri^ 
tstif exckditfirySiCcJifd.fa^.2S$. 

things that are neceflary to theft 
falvarion » that the fame God 
willeth fomc things conditional- 
ly, the Scriptures alfo teach us,, 
For God would have all men to 
b^favcd, if they would keep the 
Law, or believe in Chrift , and, 
therefore I call that firft an 
abfolute will, this latter a coiicU-^ 
t ional • Asd in the next leaf to 
the fame purpofe, he fa&h, iris 
alfo true, that God would have 
all men to be laved in his reveal- 
ed, and conditionatc will, fcU. 
and carefully keep Hs law; 

if they would believe in Chrift 

for by this will no man i^xcludcd from (alvation , and knowled<r 
of the truth. So >*/n^o/i?fiinterprets that place of( iTim.z) he 
would have all tobe faved ( faith he )if themfelves will , for he 
hith given his law to all^ excepts no man (in lefpeft of his law and 
Will revealed ) from falvaiion. 

• For the further allowing whereof the feme Zamhim cites, the 

teftimon(esofl«»tiS^^) Bucer^ and others. Neither doth it much 

' ablpde from this, that our Englifla Divines at Dort call the Decree 

of God, whereby he hath appointed, \n^ and by Chrift to fave thofc 

that repent, bofeve and perfc- 

The Dedarative Decree of 
falvation to be equally, and iiviif- 
fcrently proclaimed anto all 
men. Aft. Syno. in Thcf. 


vere, Decretum anmnciaiivupi fa^ 
lutis omnibiU ex £po & indiftri- 
mnmm promulgimdsm^ SeB. 3. 
Surely it is eafy to obferve, that 
we are too fearful of fome di- 
ftinftions, which- carry in them 
ajcaloufy of former abufe, and yet both may well be admitted in a 
good fence, and ferve for excellent purpofe. As that ( if t^e la- 
bour for our better under ftandipg to explicate the 6ne will of God 
by feveral notions of the antecedent, and confcquent will of God 5 
which P4i^/«5 F^mnff a reformed Schoolman approves by the fuffira^ 
gcs oiZanchiu^y Polmt^^ and other Orthodox Divines to look at it a 
lit tl<j running, as that, which gives no final light to the hj/inc^s fa 

J .... fi^ 

_l _ I IT 1 ,— ^ . ^^^ 



As there is wont to be conceived a double knowledg of God^thc one 
of meer underftanding whereby he forknowcs al things^thac may be, . 
<be other of vifion^or approbation^whereby he foreknowc5,that which 
undbubtedlVjChall be fo there is a double will to be conceived of God 
anfwcrablcto this doub'e knowledgjan Antecedent willi which an- 
/wers to the meer undcrftanding, whereby God wills every poffibic 
good without the confideration of the ad junfts appertaining to it; A 
confequcnt will anfwering to the knowledg of approbatioii,whcrcby 
( all circiimftanccs prepcnfcd ) God doth limply will this, or thdc 
particular event, as fimply good to be , and wnich is there upoii 
impoflible not to be. The one of thefe is a will of complacency, the 
other of profecution; the one is as it were an optative will^ theo- 
tlieranabfolute. In the firft of thefe God would have all to be 
faved, becaufe it is in a iort goofl in it felf, in that the. nature of 
man is ordeinable to life, and man hath b/ Cod common helps fc* 
rioufly offered for the attaining thereof $ ticither can we think it o- 
ther cnen pleafing to God, tluthis creatures fhould both do well 
and fare well. In the latter he willetli fome of all to be faved , as 
not finding it fimply good ( all circumftanccs confidercd ) to extend 
this favour to all 5 tms appears in the effeft, for if God abfolutely 
willed it^ it could not fail of being, neither doth ought hinder , but 
thefc two may (land well to^ether,a complacence in the Weffednefs 
ofhis creature, and a will of his fmart. For both that , which we 
will in one regard, we may not will in another. As we may wilfh 
a felon to live as a man, to dye as a malefawtor,and befidcs the pof- 
fibility of one oppofitedoth not hinder the Aft of another^ as he 
that l>ath power to run perhaps doth fit or Jy. 

Learned ZMchim methinks gives at once a good fatisfaftion as to 
this doubt, fo to the ordinary exception, whereat many have flum- p^ 
bled, i)f the pretended mockage of Gods invitations, where he jj^i ,.2 ' 
means not, asfome have mifconceived , a ferious effc6t. In thcc. 4, 
parable of the Gpfpell ( faith he ) thole, which were firft bidden to* 
the maixiageft^, -and came not, were they therefore mocked by 
the King, becaufe he only fignified unto them, whatwqufd be 
acceptable unto him, and what was their duty to perforni? and yet 
he did not command them to be compelled, as he did the fecond- 
gucfls to come to the wedding? Surely no, yet in the mean time, 
there v^as not the fafme will of the King in the inviting of the iSrft, ^ 

V u 2 and 

3 7^ ' 

and oi the fccond^ for in thefe fccond^. there was an subfolute will 
of the King, that they {houM without fail come^ and therefore he 
cffe6luall)[ caufed them to come j In the former he only fignified^ 
and that fairly, and ingenuoufly, what would be pleafing to him : 
Thus he. The entertainment ot this one diftindion, which hsitb the 
allowance of Orthodox, and learned Authors, to be free from any 
idanger, or inconvenience,wottld mitigate thi^ftrife, (ince it is that, 
which the Opponents contend for, which the Dcfendents may 
' yield without any fenfible prejudice. 

As for the envy of that irrcfpcdive, and abfolute decree of re- 
probation, wherewith the Defendents arc charged, it is well taken 
off, if we diflinguifh, as we mud of a negatif e, and pofitive repro- 
bicion,Thc latter whereof, which is a preordination to puninimenc,is 
never without a refpe^S: , and prainon of fin , for altheughl by 
his^folute power God might cait any. Cteature into everlaftii^ 
torment, without any juft exception to oe ukeh on our parts, yer 
according to that iweet providence of his, which dilpofeth ail 
things in a fair order of proceeding, he cannot be faid ta inflid, or 
adjudge punifhment to any foul^ Uitforfin, fince this is an a^ of 
vindicative jiiitice, which Aill fuppofeth an offence.. If this be yield- 
ed by the Defendents ( as it is ) wherein aUbthey want not the 
voyces even of the RomiftiSchool, what needs any further con ten* 
ti6n?.efpccially whiles the defendents plc^d (even thofe tl:at are 
moil rigorous ) that upon the non- election of fome,. damnauon is 
^^ r /• « "^^ caufally but only confetutively inferred. Sure I ^m^ that by 
urfd ^^^^ which is mutually yielded on both p'arls,. all mouths arc ftcp- 
clnfecu- ped from any pretence of calumniation againik the jufiice of the 
tiyi Almighty, and we are fufficiently convinced of the neccffity of 
Terk^ </> our care to avoid thofe fins^ which Hiall othci^ife be rewarded 
If irirff. J with juft damnation. 

Let this be enough for the firft Article, lefs wiil ferve of thct 

Concerning the extent of Chrifts death,, the Belgick Opponents 
\ profcfs to reft willingly in thofe words of MufcuU^... On\mim fee* 

I cA^A tulity dfc. He hath born the fins of all Men, if we cohfider his. 

fiiaifice accordinjg to the virtue of it in itfeli, and think,- that rx> 

Man is cxclt dcd (rem this grace^but he that rcfufc s it,So God loved 

^ the VVorld,ibat he gave his only begctteii Son w thecndyii^t n^kf/k-- 


ever btUevetb inbimfbouhimtperifh tut have everUBing Ufejj.'}.63at 
if we refped thofc which do (o believe^ and arc fav^^ To I9! hath 
borne only the .fins of many. Thus he. Neither will the Oppo- 
Bcncs yield any lefs. What is this other, then the explication of 

that ufiiall diftin^lion, which we 

Miiputudinem frecii diBij^ait have, whether from St, Auftiff^ 
aproprietate recUmpthnis. or his Scholar Profpef of the \ 

greatnefsof the Price, and the 

Calloq. Hsg.p. i6i* propriety of the redemption: 

That equall to all sThis pertein* 

Chriftunt pro muUis duntsxa^ ing but to fome ; That common 
&noMpro omnikHimortmm quoad wordfccms enough to the Bel- 
efficscUm virMts^ &c.p. 171. gick Opponents : The price of 

Chrifts blood is fufficient to fave 
all ; and if this nfiaylerve. their tume, who can grudg it? Contra- 
lily wlules they do willringly grant, that in refpcd of the efficacy 
of power, Chmft dyed not for all, and that Chrift was given only 
with thtt intention of his Father^ that the Worid (hould no other- 
wife be (avcd by his Son, then through faith s what need we urge 

Both will grant that the Apothecaries (hop hath dru^s enough 
for the cure oT all difeafes, which yet can profit none , rat thofe 
that are willing to make ufe of them. Both will accord in this po- 
fitipn, which %.Ovttil commends, as in cffcft the words of worthy 
Mr. Calvmy So Chrift dyed tor a>ll that there is no man ( if his incre- 
dulity did not hinder him,)but wercrcdeeme^ by his prctious blood; 
Neither is there, as is wUlLigly confeffed by the Dcfrndems,any 

man living, to whom, it may 

MuUihomktm fingdairiter 40- be fingularly faid, Chrift dyed 
nuntiatur Chri^am pro ipfo mortimm not for thee : Seeing therefore 
mn ejfe. Col. Hag. p. 155. whole mankind doth but refult, 

of fingular, and individual men^ 
why,(hould we fear to fay unto all, that Chrift dyed for them? 
^fow what iTiould we ftand upon a niggardly coftttrtation of words 
where fo much reall truth is mutually yicUled? Who can think, 
there can be any peril to that foul, who believes tlus much ? Th.c 
reft, to the School ?• But what ever have been the nice fcruples, and 
explications of Eprte^n Divined, . we have no fuch caufc of flrife, if 

• wc 

,"^^: ' 

we admit that which our learned Bi(faop commends for the voice of 

the Church oiE»glAndy who having laid down the two cxtream o- 

pinions of the oppofitc pvts, brings in the Church dF Emland as 

fwectly moderating betwixt both, that ihe fuppofing the death of 

Chrill for all men, and Cods conditionate intention of the gene- 

.xal grace of his Evangelical promife, adds moreover the fpecial 

intention of God, to apply the benefit of Chrifts death by a more 

abmdant, and etfc&ial grace abfolutly, certainly and infallibly to 

the Ele& alone, without a,ny diminucionofthatiiis Ijifficient^and 

.common favour^which, as we fee fo yields to both parts what^they 

defire, as that in the mean time, it puti upon both what they arc 

not greatly forward to admit, yet that which it pats upon them 

may uc admitted without any complaint ,, except perhaps of cx- 

.ceffe of Charity , and thac which is yielded is abundantly eiiough for 

peace. v 

Thcfe Articles are like to linkca of a chain, whereof one is rivited 
within another. The Order of God&dcciec would not be ftiflly ftojd 
upon, if our faichand petfeverancc forefeen by him be clearly af- 
cribcdto God, as^iis mcer andoaW-gift, Bwb itow the Dc*fen- 
dents are jealous pf fome incroachments , upon the glory of Gods 
only A£l in our coriverfionj in that, they apprehend it according to 
the Tenet of the adverfe part left in our power to entertain^ or rc- 
jed the good motions of liis Spidt tesidinz thereunto j whef ei> chfe 
Opponents anfwer, that they arc ftudioufly carefol to afcrl^e unrd 
God the fincere glory of our converfion, profcffing that they do not 
teach, (as hath been u/ually db je&cd to them) that God gives 
-man only profcrs of power to believe, wWch Ws own frcedom'may 
c'uher except, orrenrfe, but teaching openly (if their words may 
carry bcliet ) that God givcshirfi the«.vsrbok ]powct ^f believiim by 
the illumination of his minder and viMikationofhis will, yet fo as 
that in the mean time, God, whiles he gives this new powef to be- 
lieve, doth not take away the natural liberty of the willj, whereup- 
on the man, whofe will is renewed both may work according to the 
power of that renovation, and may n^t work according to the ra-» 
dical freedom of his will, both may ufe his new power, ais a fpfritu- 
all man, and not ufe \i in part, as a natural man, wherein they urge 
the diftindion betwixt the power and the liberty of our freewil, con^ 
fciliog that in tl is liate of fm the wJUl hath no power ^aU to- that 



mtt;. ^ 


which is good ^ but that ic hath ( mean while ) a oatcral Liberty 3 
whereby it xran incline to cvil^ the ncW power that is given to 
man ^ doth not make himceafe cither to be a man^ or a man in 

Man hath it not therefore from any power of nature , that he 
an be licve^ that is meerly from the grace of God ; But ftill he hath 
it from the remainders of bimfelf, that he can will not to believe, 
neither do the Opponents profeflc to fay other cona-irning the firft 
aft of Cenverfionji then the Defendents themfclves £ay concerning 
the progreffe thereof, wherein they teach y that sl renewed man 
hath freedom of Will both to good^ and evil, and yet itand for the 
meet and all only power of grace, not occafionally, but caufally- 
working the will to good ; Andifthismuftbc yielded in the pro- 
ceedings tf onr regeneration, what fo great importance is there ei- 
ther way in yielding it to the entrance ? I do not enquire into the 
truth of this point, I enquire into the weight 5 fnrely thefe Qaefti- 
ohs of the concurrence ot the Spirit of God with ours s fo as neither 
the will is neceffitated on the one fide , nor flattered with a wilde 
Ifljerty on the other : And how far necelfity may ftand with free- 
dom and what kinde of neceffity may be here admitted i are points 
fit to be ranged amongft the deepefl; problemcs of the Schools, and • 
not fit to torture the ears of popular auditories* 

Ad nauft^m ufi[ue inculcAmm m-^ Por the* main point ic muft 
hlexfe mitfuv viribm hommem needs be faid j no mail can (peak 
pBJje^^^^-^i^'^^^^/fidei tt more fully againft the natural 
wkver^ionU gratU deberty &c. power of aians free will, and a- 

. Dilitiesin fpirimal things, then 
Nufpimn h$minem km qufc- the J^kick Opponents, profeft* 
f^^eredicimuiiHfigritUfrd- fing, tnat,of nimfelf, and his 
'^mefite^ctmcomit^nte^fuhf^uente own powers , man can do no* 
^djutum inftruSumquc. Rem. Epifi. thing ; That the bcginnines^ro- ' 
^exLp.62y6s. ceecttngs, endings of faith, and 

t ' ' convernon are owing to , meet 

fface: That no good can come from us unleift We be enabled by 
«c preventing, accompanying, fubfequent grace of God. 


^ 382 

D. Abbot exerc. t. ex Arnu It is the werd of. Arminm 
dtchr. ad ord. omma gratU afcri- ciccd by our late learned Biftiop 
ksntur modo neflatuatur irrefiftibi- ^ of Salisbury : Give what you 
lif^ ' will to grace fo you hold it nbt 

irrcfiftible. Nothing is here 

OnmU s;rati£ ofcribMtur mo- ftood upon, but the manner of 

dvriC'fatuaturirreffUbilkj Am. the working of grace upon the 

(cit.perR.AbboU£SdriJh.)ede- hearts, wherein, if both parts 

chrjul ord. f. 5 6. would hear and underftand each 

other with favour, the contro- 
Qjitc(imd ^t conflMer docent verfic would be found little o- 
$mnes hunc modim aausndi libe- ther, then Verbal. For the parr, 
rum arbitrium ejHs libermi nihil that moft conftantly teaches the 
nocere imo maxime propcit HlA^n. forccablenefs of convctfion, 
Pad.Fir.fpec. Schol.p./^^';. holds fuch a kind of aftuating 

the will, as doth no. whit hurt, or 
infring the liberty thereof j yea 
rather, which profits it, and whiles they fpeak of an irrefiftiblc a6k 
iniurnuigus, they mean not fuch an a^t, as cannot be at all rc- 
fifted, iiwe would, bdt fuch a one, as the will through Gods gra- 
cious inclination would not wifh to rcfift, for that, their will to 
refift is fo overcome by the fweet motions of Gods Spirit^ that 
now yteldance is made powerfully voluntary i In which fenfe the 
V/ilent. very jefiiites themfelves confcfs an irrefiftibility. Bellsrmne^ Sua- 
t diff^^-q* ^^^1 rakmia and others granting it as impofliblc there fhould not 
3.^.4- be aconverfion, where there is an eCfeduall grace, as, that there 
(hould not be a converfion,wherc there is a converfion. 

Now whether this irrcfift'iblenefs be out of a- confequent fuppofi- 
tion, as the Jefuitcs, or out of an antecedent, as the I>omimcans 
^ with many of ours j or whether this powerfull influence into the 
will be by way of a Phyficall, or morall motion, they are fubtleties 
fit for Schools, not meet to trouble the l^ads of occdinary Chrifli- 
anl's It is enough for us to know, that we will to confcnt, becaufe 
God worky this will in us ftrongly, yet fweetly, and by an omnipo- 
tent facilitVj fo as no free will or ours refifts Gods will to favc uj, as 



7p:ahitur ergo miris m$diSy nt To difputc then of the power 

veUty db iUoy qui novit ini^u inipfis of that wijl to rcfift, which 

bemimm cordiim operari^ Mn m God hath made willing to yield, 

homines^ qt^^d fieri mn potejty no- wh« is it but to feivc about 

tenets crtdantj fed ut voletuei ex the pafla^^e of thofc (heep 

mlentibt^ fisfiti Aug. contr.2. £- which neither are bought, nor 

fifi^f^l^g- ever (hall be? % 

Man is in a marvelous manner drawn to will by him, that knows 
to work inwardly in Mem hearts, not that they (hould belicve,whc- 
thcr they will, or no, which is impoifible, but that of unwilling, 
they Should be made willing faith St. AHfiiu. 

Ttue, God makes us willii^ of unwilling, andfo we refift nor. 
But how doth he make us willing ? Whetter by«i irrefifbble man- 
ner of working in 4is, or not s this fay the Opponents is the main 
queftion^ Surely fo, as thattoufe>^^»/>i^ his word, the will is 
impelled, thouo;h not compelled ; fo as, that though there is in the 
nature of the will a freedom, and cajpadty of agreeing, or diflcnt- 
ing, in rcfpeft of it felf, yet as it is lot the prcfent moved, and 
aduatedby thceffe^al inclination of the Almighty, now it fo 
fwaycs one way, as if it had for the time put off the power of refu-* 
fing : What need we then trouble our lelves with thefe upftart 
tcrmts o( J^fiftihle znd frre^iile i Let it content us, that thcgra- 
tious inoperation of God effcAually drawes the heart of man to will, 
to receive, to entertain the happy motions of his good Spirit to our 
renovation : If wc yield not this to God we yield nothingjand if we 
give him this, he will not quarrel usfor more. 

But what place fover thefe differences have found in Forraign 
Schools, and Pulpits, ours have reafon to be free, if we fhall li(Ven 
to that wife, and moderate voice of our church, which our forecited 
reverend AuthoicoHimends unto us, who after the relation of the 
two extream opinions reflcth in this^^edio tutrffimm:Am oien are fo 
ftined anc^^ed by Grace that they may,if they attend thereunto, 
obey th^^ce,which calletb,and moveth riiem^And that they may, 
by their treewil alfo tcfift it .But withal, that God, when he will, 
and to whom he will gives fuch an abundant, fuch powerful, fuch 
congmous, otherwifeeffe^hial grace that although the will may in 
refpeftof the liberty thereof teflft, yet it refills not, but doth ccr-^ 

Xx , tainly> 

aH . 

taiiily, and infallibly dbey : And chat thus God deals widi thofe 
whom he hath chofcn in Qiiift, fo far as {haU be iKc^^ 

falvacion. WhofoqumotfitdownqoietlyinthbdecifiennKth^ 
fhould be no fricod topeace. 

And ifany man ftumble at^ fitft claufe^ as at the threAiold of 
this fentence i Let himknow, that our Divines at D art have in ef- 
fc^ faid no lefTe, whiles having yielded to mans free-will in th^e 
external works, which are required of us before our cohverfion, and 
fuppofin^ certain e£Fe^ in the way to our convcrfion, whidi aie 
wrought Dv the power of dbe word, and fpirit, in the hearts of mes 
net yet jut^ifycd, add further^ that thofe whom God thus afle^by 
his word and Spirit, thofe he doth ttuely , and ferioufly call, and 
T'Wi invite tofaith, andconverfion, and thatQiriftin his deadi not only 
^riu founded his Evangelical covenant,, but hath alfo obtained of his fa* 
Vord.dc ther> Aatwherelocverthb Covenant fhaU be publiihcd, there al- 
^!^^- ^' fo fhould ordinarily fucha^nieafure of grace be adminifhed as f^ 
^^i' 5 • \^ fuffidcnt to convince all ifflpenitem, and unbelieving men of neg- 
left, or contempt. Andlaftly, that wftioni God thus alfcds, he 
fprfakes not, nor ceafcth to promote in the way of their oofiveHl- 
on, tillhebefirftforiakenofthem by a voluntary neglcdl or con- 
tempt of this initial grace. 

Rit what need any proof hereof whiles that claufc fpeaks bat of 
acommon grace, and the peribns, to whom this libertyis afaA^ed, 
tf e fuch, as by that learned B. are rmmi-diftinguiftidl to them, 
which aie truely called according to the purpofe of Gcd. Let us 
;o, but fo far,, as thefc two guides wiH joyntly lead us, it will be 
K)oclc(Ic to quarrel about any further difcovery. 

Concerning the fifth Article of perfevetance. The Belgick Op- 
ponents at firu fpake timoroufly, ptofeflSng not abfolutdy to hold a 
poffibilityof the totall, or finall defedion of true believers, only 
iufpending their opinion, and rather inclining to the affirmative, 

but afterward they grew te a 
Hakc n9sirim effe fententiam ftrong refolution of ^te, where- 
profitmurj hominem de pdiUc rf- of toey formerly but doubted 5 
te^racfrtum rjje fejfe^ &elelerey In whofe writings yet, when a 
folAm Deigraiam fjje ptrfeveran- Man ihall come to read, that a 
tU cofffamffrper^aardlem^ qua fa* Man may , and ought to be ccr- 
Cit^fUVQluxt0SKo^raferfeverAre& tain of his own .eternal Salva- 
foJfit^^dh.Eim,u}.adexU2.7s., lion;. 




cion s TtNK the only grace of God is the fupcrnatural caufe of 
perfeveraiioe> which makes our will both able^ and willing topcr- 
ievere, he would dunk there need no more words^ that this quarrel 
wereata hsu)py end. 

But when he ihalliee them flying oif into the diftin£tions of cer« 
tainty for the pieient, and certainty for the future^ and dividing 
this latter into aUblute^ and conditionate, difclaiming the one^ 
ajid eftablifhing the other, fo as this certainty walkes iHIl in even 
paces with perleverance, and we can only be fare of Salvation, if 
we continue in faith, aod piety ; ixit we cannot be furc we (hall 
centinBe in either, md hear them conclude it t6 be both laudable, 
and profitable for aChriftian to nourifh theie doubts in himfelf, now 
he might, aseafily be indhicedtothink, thatrhde ends can never 

Aad yet the oppofites ftrain hard for an accordance, whiles they 
di()ingai(h of faiths, and yield it fit to conGder a faithful! Mans 
Eftatein reipeftofhim^, his own wcaknefs, andSathans frauds, 
andinrefpc^ofthefiimeprorailes, and fiq^ortations of a faithful 
God : In regard of the former granting it oiore then poffible, that 
be fhould utterly fall away fix>ra God i but in regard of the latter 
faftening their perfwafion upon the unremoveaDlc Rock of their 

But what need I lanch forth into this forrain deep ? Thofe Op- 
ponents, which perfeverance meets with in our Church either arc, 
or ilKHild be of a fofter temper, maintaining only fiich falling away 
fromo-ace, as reverend B. Oir^4Sftatethfor the doftrine of the 
Qiurcn of Ejiglmd^ whofc laft moderation in this point is worthy 
to be written in Letters of Gold. Having firfl fet down the two 
contrary Tenets of the oppofite par k, he now brings in the Church 
of Efigland. thus ( with St. jiufiin ) defining, as from a Celeftial 

That believers, asinacornmonacception^may through infirmi* 
ty of fiefti, and power of temptation^ depart, and fatl off from 
grace, and fiicb once received, but thofe believers, which arc cal- 
led according to the piirpofe of God, and which are fpundly rooted 
in a lively faith, can neither totally, nor finally fall away and pcr- 
iftieverlaflingly, but by the fpecial, and cffcAual grace of God, 
do fo perfevere in a true, and lively faith, that at lafl: they arc 
brought unto eternal Life. X x 2 Now, 


Now, whac wife Chrifiian, can make dainty of admitting ia 
ncccflary, and juft a diflindion, iince common experience tells us> 
there arc many Meteors, that for the time (hine like bright Stars 
over our heads, which ere Ions we find under oUr feet refolvcd into 
abafcand flimy (lough? whatneancandcfirea more full and (a^ 
tisfying determination, wherein both fides have their own, and we 
quietly enjoy what is trae in both,when thus much is mutually yield- 
ed, let him be branded for an enemy of peace, that will further 

Now when the Chriftian Reader l»th ferioufly perufcd thefe dif- 
ferences, efpecially as they are jpropounded^ and admrated by that 
grave prof edbr, and Prelate or bur Church on the one fide, and 
thofe other our learned, and worthy Divines on the other fide ; 
Let me appeal to his better thoughts, what be finds here worthy of 
a publick divifion ? Well may the Schi3ols pick hence matter enough 
for their Theolc^ical Problemes, but what fliould either die Pulpit, 
or the prefs do with thefe bufie and bootlefs brabbles ? My Brethren, 
letourcarebetoftudy, and preach Ghrift> and him crucified : To 
work the fouls of Men tafaitn, repentance, piety, jufticc. Charity, 
temperance,, and all other heavenly vertues, that tliey may find 
cordial Teftimonies in themfelyes ot their happy* predeftination to 
Life, and their infallible Intereft in the precious blood of their Re-* 
deemer : Let us beat down thofe fins in them, which make them 
obnoxious to everlafting damnation and ftrip them of all 
comfortable afiurjinces 4>f the favour of God: not 
undifcreetly fpend our time, and pains in diftra£ting their 
ihoughts^ with thofe Scholaftical difquifitions, whereof the knoW'- 
Icdg or ignorance makes nothing to Heaven. The way to blelTed- 
nefsisnotfoibort, that we (btuld finde leailire to make outroads 
into ncedleflfe and unprofitable f^eculations } Never Treatife could 
be more necefiary in this curious and quarrellous ^e,tben depOMciti^e 
eredendorum. The infinite fubdivifions of thofe points, which we ad« 
vance to the honour ofbeingtheobje6bof our belief, cordRmnd our 
thoughts and n^arr our peace. Peaceable difcourfe may have mach 
latitude, but matter ot faith fheuldbave nanow bounos. If in tte o^ 
ther, men will abound in their own fence, alwaies let unity of Spi* 
ric be held in the bond of peace 5 fince God hath given us^ change of 
rayment, and variety of all intelle^ual provifions, as Joftfk faid to 

• . < - 



his brethren, let mc to mine ; Let us »ot fall one by the way. Now 
by the dear bonds of biorherhood, by our love to our t:oniiiion mo- 
ther theChurch> by our holy care, and zeal of the profoerous fuc* 
cefle of the Gofpel of our Lord Jefus , Let us all compote our hearts 
to peace j and reft our felves in thofe common truths^ which fober 
nitndes (kail find abundantly fufficKut whether for our knowledge 

I have done, and now I make no other accoant, but that it will 
fall out with me, as it commonly doth with him, that o£krstopart 
a fray ; both parts will perhaps drive at me for wiihing them no 
worfe then peace. My ammion of the publick tranquillity (hall 
.willingly carry me through this hazard: Let both beat me, fo their 
. quarrel may ccafe s I (hall re Joyce in thofe blowcs mid fcarres, which 
I (Iwdl take for the Churches fafcty ; Mens fingers do fo itch" after 
the maintenance of their own opinions, that they can hardly con- 
tain thcmlelves from flying upon the faireft moderation of any Um- 
pire. Yet I noay fafely profefs, that herein I have carried my felf 
fo indifCeremly> thataslbavehid myown Judgment^fol have ra- 
ther feemed partiall againftmy own refolucions. If any Man objc^^ 
that I have not fully ftated the queftions on both fides^ and 'drawn 
my accorded propofitions out of the heart of thofe Tenets, which 
both parts will yield to be their own in an adverfaries fence, with- 
out waving ahy conferences, that (hall be deduced there from, 
Let liim receive anfwear to the former of theft, that it were a fit 
.task for him, that intended a fulr trailation of the points pntro- 
verted, and is already too much done by others, my drift is only 
to pick out of both what may found towards concord. He that 
would defcribe the way to fome remote Citcy of man]ue,thihke5 it 
not ricc^fiil'to map outhcfore the Traveller every Tow^n, and Vil- 
lage of all the Shires, through which he (bould pafs^ but olily fets 
down thofe that lye in his read. 

To the latter, thatit is a more ftriA rule, then needs to be put 
opon an Agent for peace- Foras^it is but jaft on the one (ide, 
^t every inai^thould be allowed td belns o^ interpreter, and 
prejudice and ill will can never make good vglofle : So^ on the 
ether fide > it is lawfiil and meet foB moderate mindes to mak<^ 
dieirbeft ufeof thofe (avoiy and wholefome fcntenccs which fall 


from the bctcer moodc of -an advetfary , fuch y f o fart , as tbcy 
come heme to me, {hall gladly reconcile him to me« Let him 
look how in the reft he can ke reconciled to himfeJf j Veiy (hame 
{hall at the lai^ drive fuch a one ( if he be ingefioous) tiomin^ 
compatible propofiticms. 

In the mean timeth&goed^ that he offets^ I will not tefofe^ 
and leave the evil to his avoiding: As a man 3 that meets witha 
flack ddbtoc, wiil not beunwtUuig totake^whac ftnali fiunmes he 
can get, till ^tber «ioi?emay come in, or he may cmveMcndy fbe 
foe there{):. It (sgoodtolioldthegrtundwe have got, till by chef 
power of mktb we can tecover mme. 

Not that I could teadily take up with the polpi^Jc Equivo- 
cations of an jinim^ or. FeUgim } No wCe Qiapraafi wi/lfufl 
fcr himfclf to be paid widi flips. Tmch , and FalftiDod will 
necefikily defcry diemfelves ; ^leither is it hard im a judicious 
Reader to difcerne a diference betwixt yielding , and dMlem^ 
bling 3 Where I fee a oxan conftant to Umfeil in a &voumUe 
affertion, I have reafon to .jicmftitie it, as a im comming o£p 
towards reconcilement. If nodiing but the r^ott* of opinions 
{hall be ftood tiptfn , what Hcipe can there be of Peace i To 
{hut up therefore, if What I hcive here meant well, be as well 
taken,'and well improved, I fiiall have comfort in die miieting of 
many Hearts, and many Tongues : If not, at leaft I uuU have 
comfort in fhe quictnefife of minq own hean; vi^h tels me 1 have 
wilhed well to the/^hurch of God* To whofe aii^l fentence I do 
€n^fthun:d>Ivfubmitmyfelf, and the£Er my poor endeavours, profef- 
fing my felfready to eat, whatfoever wwd ihefe {liairdi{IJce and 
ilefirotts to buy her peace even withblood. 
, N^wthe Ged^ffe4oe ewlint the hfUrtSTofnu^ as td zealdftrg^yfi t$ 
hve^ffMce: ^nd fiftce j^e^e fdBeft ujmthrf^ 1^ 
tdk to the mrUs end \ as we fee in the .pn^fi iiOhef l^'Romith ^ gjui 
Germane awl Netheriandi{h Churches ) the fame GUiomp^Je the minds 
tfnpentodwifempderMieny Md kmdeuf their lifs insfafry Mddifgitet 
jiUmeythat tfourhrmm nmf needs differy yet our hearts md tmues ntdf 
^ewervne. Amen/ . r > , ..; c . ' ^ 






Falling Away 



[YgoodMr. !?• Yotrfefid flic flowers from your Gar- 
dtn^ and Look for iome mtcturne out of mine A <)^ 
not more wiUingiy fend ¥0U thefe^ then I do thankfully 
receive the other : Icouldnot keep my hand frpm the 
paper^ upon the receit of your Letters > though now 
in the midftof nay attendance : Asnny defire of your fatisfa^on 
Gils me to write tomtUng) fomy «ther inapbyments force me to- 
bcevity^ inacpxeftion WKreinit were eafy to be endlef&: I am^ 
ibrry that any of our new Excuti-fididm (hould pefter your Suffolk ; 
although ^ad in this, that they could not Light upon a foyle more 
fraicful oi dble<>ppogners : it is a wonder to me^ to think tnat men ^ 
AxMild Ldxair tobe witty, to rob themfelves of comfort : Good' 
5ir Let ttie knowthefe new Difciples of Leyitn\ that I may note 
them with that black cole they are worthy of ;- Troublcrs of a better 
peace then that of the Church) the peace of the Chtiftian foul : they 
pretend antiqaitys What hertfy doth not ib? What ma^vell W 




it, if they would wrcft Fathers to them, while they ufe Scripturcic 
fclf fo violently i For that their |irlt inltance oiHymenenf and -4fex- 
Mder how vain it is like thcmfelvts i 

Nothing can be more plain then that thofe men were groflc hyp- 
pocrices; who dMibts tkercfore but they might fall from all that 
good,' xhey pretetvied to have ; What is this to prove that a Irue 
child ©f God may do fo : biit ( fay they > thefe men *had hiih and 
a good confciencc i Trae, fuch a faith and goodnclTe of confcieticc 
as may be incident into a Worldly ceunterfcir. Yea but ( they re- 
ply ). a trae juftifying faitW ; I think fuch a one as their own j rather 
I may fay thefc men defcvre not the praifc of Hmenem his^ faith ; 
which is nothii^ in this place but Orthodoxe dodrine s How oft 
doth St. P^j»/u(e the word fo^ to his Tmothyy i Tim^ 4. i, Ijifhe 
latter times sfome fhaH depart from the faith 5 interpreted in tbenerc 
words, and fhaS give heed t$ffirits of error y anddoBrines 0/ DcviUs j 
and 2 7/W.3. 8. He defcribcshisfalfe teachers by this tide, Repro- 
iate comerning the faith 3 Which I think no man will cxpwnd or the 
grace, but^e Doftrinc : Yet ( fay they ) there is no hectflity binds 
us to that fenfe here i But the fcope of this place conipared with o-^ 
thers may evince it 5 That which followes plainly points us to this 
meaning ( that they might learn not to blafpbemc ) Their fin was 
therefore an Apoftafy from the Doftrinc of the Gofpel, and calling 
foul afperfions upon that profeifions fo that an c^pofirion to whole- 
f6me Doiftrinc was their (hipwrack : They accept yet j A good 
confcience is added to this faith j therefore it muft needs be meant 
of juftifying faith j Dobutturne your eyes to 1 Tim. 3. o. where 
< as in a commentary upon this ^lace ) you fhall finde faith and 
good confciencc fo con joynedsthat yet the Do6hine, not the veriuc 
ofiaitliis ftgnified: St. P^/iZ defcribes his Deacon there by htsfpi- 
titu il wealth ; Having the myRerj ef faith in pure tonfcience : No 
man can be fo grollc to take the myftery of faith for the grace of 
faith ; or for any other then the fame Author in the fame chap- 
ter cak the myftery of Godlynefs : It is indeed fit that a good con- 
fciencc (hould be thecofer, where traih of Chriftian Dodlrine is the 
treafure ^ Therefore both are juftly commanded together sjand like- 
ly each accompanies other in their lofs, and that oilren^m i% found 
true of all heretides ; fententism impiamyvitdm luxuriofam^ &c. Yea 
^ ,6iit IiymeneH6 guid jikxander hsid both thefe then, and loft both: 









Tbey had both in outward profeiTton, not in inward ilncerity ; tha t 
rule is certain and eternal. If they had been of us, thcv had con- 
tiaued with us 5 nothing is more ordinary with the Spirit of God 
then to fuppofc us fuch as wc prctencl ; that he might give us 
an example ofCharity in the ccnlure of each other; of which kind 
is that noted place,^.Andcountethihehhddtfthe Tejfa- 
nem wherewim he wjuf^t^yd an M^ly Hft'it^ jand thofc unnfual ele- 
gies which are given to the Churches, to whom the Apoftolical 
letters were direded. 

This place therefore intends no other but that HimeMm and Alex- 
4W^r,which were once profeflbrs of the Chrittian d«drinc, and fuch 
as lived ordaly in an unblamcable, and outwardly holy faftiion to 
the World, had now turn'd their copy; caft 6ff the profefliou 
which they made, and were fallen both to loofeneflfe of manHcrs, 
& calumniation of the truth they had abandoned. 

For that other Scripture, 5#j»t. 8. la, 13. No place can be more 
effedual to cut the throat of this uncomfortable herefy : Sr. PmI 
writes to a mixt company 5 it were iferangc if all the Rmm (hould 
have been truly (an^yed ; thofe which were yet carnal he th:eats 
with death, if ye live After thepjb ye fbdS dje -, Thofe which are re- 
generate ( contrary to the wicked paradox of thofe men) he affurcs 
of life J Ifye mrtipe the deeds 0f the flefh by the Sfirity ye fijaS live : 
How doth ne exclude the Spirit of bondage to fear; which thefe 
good guides would lead in again ; how confidently doth he averr the 
inward teftimony of Gods Spirit to ours j and afcribcs that voice to 
it which bars all doubt and difappointment^and tcls us by the pow- 
erful ailiirance of this ^^^4, wearefons, and if fons heirs, coheirs 
with Chrift j Let them now go and fa yjthat God may difinhcrit his 
own fon, that he may caft off his adopted : But,fay theVjto the fame 
regenerate pcrfons he applyes thefe two claufes, and faith at once, 
lebdve teceivea the Spirit of*fieptio)$y and yctjfye u»lk tfier theflefb'ye 
fhaBdie^ what foUowes of this commtnation ? any affertion of the 
poffibility of Apoflafy in the regenerate f Nothing leffe .• Thefe 
threats arc to make us take better hold, and to walk more warily ; 
as a father that bath fct his little fon on horfeback (itij Zawhies 
comparifon ) bids him hold faft, or elfe he {ball fall 5 though he 
uphold him the whilejthat both be may caufe him hereby to fit^ft ; 
^d call the men: e catneftlyfer his fupportation. Kit tne &ope ^> 

Yy the 



the place plainly extorts a divifion of carnal men and regenerate j 
the threats are propounded to thie one^the pronaifesand a&rancc to 
the other j and therefore no tOMch from tiencc of our uncertainty 
in a confeffed eftate of renovation. 

For that A/il^ 12. 43* 't^Afedofis^ or inference of the parable 
might wdl have ftop't the mouthes of thefc Cavillers : fe you (hall 
finde in the end of it j fo ihall it be with this wicked generation 5 1- 
fuppofe no man will be fo abfurd^as to lay thefe Jewes had formerly 
received true juftifying faith 5 How fheuld they^ when they rejeft- 
cd the MeJfiM ? And yfet of them is this parole fpcAen tw our Savi- 
ours own explication : MMenate Wmfelf a learned and fp^htfel 
Jciuite, can interpret it no otherwife. Ideo Chriftgs hoc dixit m do- 
^eragejoresejJeJuddiSy qnsmfi ^mftuim Dei legem tt cagnitiwem ^^ 
c€piUe?iiy and to this purpofe be cites Hilsry^ Hierm^ Beds 5 and 
this fence is fo dear^ that unleflfe die feven Efcvils had found haibow 
in tlie dry hearts of thefe men, they could not fo grofly pervert it ; 
Quench hot the Sfirit^ 1 Thef. 5. will never prove a final or ^otaJ ex- 
tindionoffavinggraccs the Spirit is quenched when the d^;rees of 
it are 2d>ated; when the good motions thereof are by our fecurity let 
fall i we grant the Spirit may be ^lenchcd in tanto not in /«/# ; Or 
if we (hould fo take it, as they defire 5 I remember jtafii^ parallels 
this place with that other to Timothy y Let no num dtfpife thj youth y 
Not, faith he, that the Spirit can be quenched , or that contempt 
can be avoided j but that in the one we may not indeavour to do 
that which may tend towards this wrong to the Spirit ; and in the 
•ther that we (hould be careful not to do that which may procure 
contempt} Tte place, I remember not dirc^Iy ; hatmaneros teneoy 
fi verid tenerem: But in all likelyhood that place founds cjuite another 
way i as may appear by the connexion t)f it with thofc two fentcn- 
ccs following 5 As if he ftiould have faid, difcouragc Mot the graces 
that you finde in any of your Teachers 5 defpifc not meir preaching 5 
tryc their dc^rincs; And now what is this to the falling fi%m Gr«cc? 
Which of us do not teach the neceffity of pcrfcvcrance ? He only 
that indures to the endfhall be favt d j SefaithOtl to tlx deaths arJy 
e^^.Bue he that hath ordained wc fhall be faved, hath ordaiiied 
onr perfevtrance as a mean to this lalvation j and hath appointed 
thefe fbarp advif^s as themeans^and motives of our perfeverance : 
So as he that (hall kfwedfh^U dlfp indwe to ^ end ; Metmfe no nfM 




3? a 




■■■HI — ■WtPJt— ^^^^N***-" 

;r/iB<r*5 r*pw #/« f/my W^, faith Chrift; Hqw evidently d&tb the Spirit 
of Cod proclaime our «rtainty sgaloft thcfe dwbt- mongers f Every 
where is he. as full of afGorance^as thefe men of difcomforc: He tha $f 

hrne cfG$d fimetbmty ntitbet w[in^ hecm^e he if horn of God^ mU 
AffeedofSodremaimsinthemi what an invincible, and irrefragable 'J*. 3. 
ronfolation is this ? The feed of life is fown in the hearts of the e- 3* 
le^Sthough they could be dead to themfelves^yet to God they cannot. 

And what a fuppofition is that of Chrift j that if it were pofsible j^at. 24, 
the veiy eleft (hould be deceived.^ Defponfako te mHn in ^erpetuum 5 
and a thoufand of this ftrain, which your exercife in thofe holy leaves ^^f- 2. 
hath^I doubt not^abundantly furniflit you withal : bold fad: then my 
dear friend^ this fore anchor of our undeccivable hopejand fpit in the 
face of men or Devils that (hall eo about to flacken your haads Let 
chcfc vain Spirits fing dcfpair to tbcmfelves ; for us,we know whom 
we have believed 5 Thus hath my pen lun it felf out of breath m this 
fo important a demand jand much a do have I had to reftrain itjnei* 
ther woiuld / eive you one houres intcrqiiffion to my anfwer; which 
I know your wve cannot but accept, as that whith proceeds from ai ; 
heart xealous both of Cod and you. 



Yy 2 




Rcverendiflimo Viro, 

D'' Marco Antonio 


Archicp. Spalatemsi Epiftok 


Ad K M A M diffuaf. 

> Oli gravate fene ( Haverewiifime Prdful ) candidam banc 
a ?c anlini & calami (devociflimitibiuttiurque) iibcita- 
9 tctn, (ane expicflu aiihi vcl rcnitenti vetba hxc prius fin- 
^ cenis quidam & rcligionis zelus & tui. Fama eft ce dif- 
ccflum a nobis mcditari, ocque tarn loco cedere vellr, 
quam fide j Hrenua profc^ fufpidtUK non caret hoc ipfuin ptofi- 
cifci, Rcc|ue enim cujufc^am fiibfre mentem poteft homincm Icncm 
vellc anidii caufa pcregrinari, defecfcuit ptocul duWo jam dm juveni- 
lis illc ardor reli^tas pridem oris curiofe rcvifendi, nee ita craflt ft- 
mus ii^ulares, utcrcdetc polfiaius'coelmn tc mucareTdle, oifi ani- 
mutn prius qoadam-cenus mutarc decrevifles , mnlto vers oiinos 
feptcm illos invifos coelo tptiefque tuc^fuloiinc iAos colics rcpetcre ; 
novimos & nos (atbeneingenium Ro^£^- ecqaem latere potcft, nc- 
dum hominem cordaram quam inBda {it ilia fUtio fuperbz Hierar- 
chisecxpinnatori P Mtmeat te oMoiyt^v Fulgemimy quam nihil ita 
tutum lit ronti6cix Majeftatis tantitlo violatori, etiampoftfidcm 
( fi qua famx fides ) fan^datam, poft promifia munera, pofibeni- 
gnimmx invicationis blanditias. Vidcric lua pmdentia ut te vel pro- 
pudiofiffima Palinodia^ ta&xquc quas de jerafti prius, arx Ifljeraverint. 
O tuam ( n quern mode fvofiteris, fanus & orthodoms ) Xamtun re- 
mearc audeas, miram animi confidentiam, piamc^e M^yrii fitim, 
dtgnam (biporc noftro, d^am immortalitatc, quia nobis iftic lice- 
ret & banc nbi ^loriam invidere, Sc£;ratu'ari f<xliutatem, (cdquam 
le panim provehat ambttio, eft qtKxlnon immerico rimeamus. Qiid~ 
ci^o ? JEf^ profc^ mooiKcim opus c& novas profe^onis fux ra- 



ones exponat Rcvcrentia veftraj quas vero tandem illas^ fi ex falfis li- 
ceat ( uti plcbcis fcmpcr licuit conjcftari ) lanflum c^uoddam uni- 
cnd^e Ecclcfe ftudiam tc Romam^ difcordoe hujufce faccrriaiam 

I fedcm, propellit; machinaturum demum aliquid y q^o funcftiffitnde 
Cbriltiani orbis litcs aliquando fbpiamur, ad quod quidcm opus in- 
ftru&iorcm ce aliis omnibus produxiflc vifus eU illc pads author :>ani* 
musccrtequam non deiit memini te alicubi palam proficcri. AJi- 
cubi inquis, a primis clericatus mei annis^ in me innatum poenc de- 
fiderium videndse unionis omnium Chrilli Ecclefiarum feparationcm 
Occidentis ab Oricnte in rebus fidei> Auilri ab Aquilone sequo ani- 
mo ferre nunqpam potcram^ cupiebam anxic tJt tancorumque (chil- 
matuni caufam agnofcere, ac perfpicere, num pof&c aliqua excogica- 
ri via emnes Chritti Ecdciias ad veram antiquam unionem compo- 
nendi) idquc vidcndi ardebam defiderio, dolorc interne animi ex tot 
diffidiis inter Chriftianae religionis profcffores, ex odiis acerrimis in- 
ter nobili{rimasE.cdefiasinnammatis, ex tunica Cnrifti foedcrdflk 
& lacerata concepto^ excrudabar. Qui me dolor & nimia trii^itia 
mirum in modum conficfebat) & indies magis conficit in deque ad 

I fervens ftudium invitabar : Dignam lane piiSimo praefule lapfoque e 
coelis pacis ^-^z*^ ? Quis non banc una & animi candoretti & ardo- 
rem zdi pronus exofculetur ? Percat ccrte quifquis cft^ pcreat pef- 
fumc qpi defcerptiffimae Ecdcftx redintegrationem (uo ipfius fanguine 
redemptam ire noluerit. Sed parce (i me audis( colendiffime praeful^ 
parce huic labori, novimus nos iftic, qu'd poffint hnmanas vires^ vo- 
tis nos una tecum, {\ lubet, ufque contendemus, at Dei beneficia 
beet aliquando ChrilUanam Rempublicam pax alma, reipicienfque 
ab alto diffipet tandem omnes errorum inimicitiatumque procellaf, 
quibus hodierno die miferrime confiiftamur, fed mortalium qaif-^ 
quts fe hoc ef(e«3um dare poffe fpcrat, nimio quam fruftra eft: aut 
cnim exuat fe prorfus oportct Romana Eccleiia ( quod quis hominum 
fuadere fe pone amemet aut hoc profcdonuUbmodo fieri poteft; 
non negarim equidem ( dedimus enim & nos ftrcnue, quantum po- 
tuimus operam huac inflituto ) pcencs utramque litigandum' 
partem, cflc faaa pads liminaquae aliquamo proprius licerct ( abf- 
que ullo fidei damno ) faiutare. Nam & Icviculie qu3e- 
damfunt, quaetutoliceret, 'alteratrfcjue ( fi opus foret indulgere» 
nequcquid impedir quo minus in traftandariun ( qucc neccflfjrio ob- 
teniunt ) controverfiarum modo, plus utihque niodcraiionis Cbrifti- 

4n« polfit aahibcri, fed ut unanimcm in fummis tclgwrni capuibtis 
SnuSc^ftS«i indoles) concordiam ineapus (do^s edK^) 

Sr^ am infamis audit hodi^ Jf^^ ^jumu media aon tos 
^lataillfqu»adiinumufq«c ^4r^fcr«« dcdum via 5 quam vafHi- 

ris inacnii thcologus, pads aafus eft memmiirc i Qam & tepidos 
S e§SLtS»«andosccnr«itpridem, ncc. mmaGahcaporum 
WtSm^«*t.mquisverocc melius novit, quan^mordicus ohtntc- 

SHtTridcntinipafres, vcl minimas quafque qui^iuf ^ > ^^P^' 
kmque(u^(quamvocant)6aci? Qaibus orbem Cb«ft.anum pe- 
nitusconflagrarcmalucmnt, Romani rcrum domini , qoam uctAn- 
tiUumluocJaiicunqacjurc acdcre vidercntur, E^«"?^/P"^? 
pott tot aimorum pUadam ?ro(v^^^^s..}!jo^f<^os^^(^s 
moribus ulcro ab renunciataros ; nim^profefto fide fit o^rtet, mi 
illud aedidcrit. E*t iiimc cpis probus momtor & tacrat ifU 
(cuius in pcaorccondufadeUtcfcitEcclcfia) Pontifici fummo fine 
raodofuaaeretibiobfecrofiiiiac Pater, ut faftuofum hunc f^^um, 
MonarchioimqucinEcclefiasDciimperiufnabdicare veUs, noliCa- 

thedram tuam ( quod folcs ) *^r^venditatC5 define «»« .Po».,f«^ 
apertam tuorum hominum erubcfcentiara , arrogate gladium ilJum 
altcrum pottftatts fccularis 5 cave tui-ipfius poeccpta divmis Muipa- 
randa centeas edicafque. Infignc Ulud coromentum TranluWtann- 
ationis, Sacri6ciiMi{Iatid,Purgatoru ignis, fatcrc tandem cr exfi- 
u:i> -^1: c^ 1./:.^ /^u^AJAnam rlAi'tv-Anc tiirln« faccticiticrofis indul- 

Ecclefiam Chriftianam 

gentiarum nundinationibus, jobeas ne fanaorum effigies, reUcjiiaeve 
in Idola convcrtantur. Qiidquaefo aliud a magno Rommu nepote 
nifi facem cruccmve reportabit ? Qaid ergo? ubi ftetcrit palain crro- 
riim parentibus Cmul & pattonis, quidvis aut agere, aut patipotms, 
quam ut a fententta fiia , quamlibet impia, ac prodigiofa difccdcTC 
vclinf, quid a nobis tandem putat paternitasytftra primaevae verica- 
tis afJeclis poflc expeAarijUt conclamatiflimis erroribus dare manuSj& 
plus quam fcnrili jn^o Pontifici* Tyrannidis colla fijbdere, jam fero a- 
ninium UHlucamus.2 Non ica fane & Deum & hominem exaere pof- 
fiimus, ut hac tarn infana Iea;c pacem colere mavelimus Alteram 
rrofc»5te horumCfi quando conveniic lubitum)plane ncccflc eft utaui 
illi crrarc, auc nos re^ ire definamus, illud ipfi valdc nolunr, hoc 
IXus. 1 



Qpod C\ (qui olim C^tfari animns fbiffe dicicnr ) non nifi d^cii^ 
limaqudoc^obeundi, idem hodie facratum Deo pc^s infldeat 
proni0veatquc. Cave tibi T^^henum mare ingrefTuro a duodccim 
Tcopuiis, plebiquidemnautarumforfitan incogcitis, tibi vero peri- 
tifnina naviailacori exploratiffimis: minitamurflb£ilicetexttkiin non 
cymbismodo quoddiaitis, feu onerariis, feu a^uatiis «|, fed ebieo 
iransfretaYeris, fane aut impingac tua wms neccfle eft, aut fubfidar, 
dicam plantas, nc re (alus ipfa fervare pocerir, u\A Romatn accef- 
feris qutn am dacmatos a ee pridem errores, mucata velificatione 
levoces, lefotbcafque, aut damneris vivi ceroburioj durum utrunque 
cHiciS) oec uUa alia ratione, nifi prudenti (quod cautus ufquc feciki) 
profi^io. avertendum. Poteftne fieri ut adeo fis prodigus cotms tuf ^ 
honunHti altenitrum, tuto placideque vitam iftic agenti arrideat? 
Certa mors inuninet utrioque redud, corporis quidem, fi verum fa- 
teri audeS) d dejfratas animae. At acfiquidem animo jdmpridem diC- 
ceilum a liobis anteverterisy non erit ut de diuturniore aliqua molis 
imtimx retentione folliciti fimus : Nolo ego 'dc te tanto Theologo 
mall quicquaoi o^inari, levis cajufdam inconftantiae fi te tuum ipfms 
fafhim palam alligarir, eft quod tibi fuccenfeas. Die mihi vero per 
Deumriramortakm ( Magne Preful ) quid tandem elft, quod te no- 
bis poft aliquot annerom moram, jam de fubito abripere, ltomamt\uc 
pellicerc patuit ?Numquid inhofpita tiW vifa eft gens noftra>Miniifvc 
quam forte fperaras vinutibus tuis indultom ? Caufari proftfto iftud 
non potes , in quem larga benigniifimi Regis manus tarn ampla, tarn 
opima ccmgeffit ultro munera,majora infuper(fi foret opus) largitura*, 
quem Aula^UrbS) Academia utraque, piebs denique ujnverfa ita fu- 
/picere folita cftjet venerari-Quin & tec ipfa^qua jam fereniffimi Re- 
gis beneficio fiueris, difcedcndi] libertas^quam in2;enue tecum iftic a- 
. ftum fucrit/atis clamitat.Non ea patet ulxquc nobis pleniflima eundi 
qua lubet^ rcdeundique facultas. Fuere e noftris quibus Roma'n vidiflc 
Capitate pridem fuic, funt qui ubi faevac urbis limina infclici pede te-» 
tigerint, ceflerint illico Liftori, /amque feptendecem plus minus an- 
nos mpdo ulque fupereflc licuerit ) carcere mquifitorio cradeliifimc 
detenti font. Non ita noS tra<3:amus hoftcs, non perdiielles noftros, 
nedum advpnls ; aequo patent iftuc coelum & terra : peffimcque de 
BritMKta noftra meriti ^ hofpitium nimis hcrcle benign um fibi polli- 
centur. NtiAi xhi ergo parum placuere mores noftri ? Paulo forfan 
depravatibtes fokitiorefquc qoam par eft^ vivendi ratioBe^? Obre* 


^^ff^m^fi^^t^m^ III I I I II I -— — ^^—■— — !■ I— l.l-^— — —»-»»-. 11 

pent certc v^l fanftiffimo populo fwuli fui vitia, ncque noftros omncs 

immunes veadiciiHius ab ilia malomm illuvie, cujus bonos quofqoe 8c 

piget 5c puJlct fcrio^. Vcoient fcandala, vctus vcibum eft ii^rvatoris .• 

Acqui cciplum appello teilcm judicemc|uc, qutcquid fufniiis, iion adhuc 

/^4//4mimpiecacecXSI|^avimus. Ccdcmus profe£tonon invitigcnti 

PonciEcias, ncque illi diram banc inhoneftannqae paimam invidebi- 

mus, Fingc nos (fi placet) multo adhuc improhiorcs, juftificAit 

nos tamen ^iiM^ipfa Dclos Wntificii >^oUinis^tali vice Dei coelum, 

dc qua mcrito quod olim di3Cerit Dcus, f^iv$ eg$^ dicit Domipus DeaSy 

quU H9n fecit Sod$ms forar tiUy iff a & fUd ejuSy ficyt fecial tu & pti^ 

tu£^ etiam inter Purpuratos Ecclcfiac Ulius Modcratores comperics^a 

quibus turpiffimi inter tioftras ganeones facile fe vi&o% fatebuntur. 

Quid ergo denium? Nuffi difplicct quam nos iftic profiteniBr^reJj^o? 

Abfit, abfit at grand^us Antilles tam eximiis animi dotibus imbutus 

rcccdi^ram patiatur ; Apage nicndacem fanum^ nm poflum ego 

tam iniquis rumifcnlis aureoi prs^re^quicquid ogganniat vulgusjnole 

ego iftoc credere^ nolo fufpicari. Quod fi quis tui fioiilis tam male 

confulet & fuje & alioruna faluti, eum fic audader cooipcllare non 

dubitarem. Difplicctne ergo religio ? Non eanunc priaiulum inno- 

tefcit, diu eft ex quo utriufque Ecclefias dogmata, ferio folicitcquc 

penficuiaveris, ac notam a te probe fententiam noftram denique am- 

plexus folam vcritati divinaP confonam orbi propinavcrts^ voacque 

calamo palam confignaveris. 

Ecquod vcro nunc novi luminis tiUimprpvifo obortum'fic illuftravit 
oculos ut qux folertiffima viginti fere annorum inda^ine fruftra per* 
quifiveris^IariiTime den^m cerncres. Res eadem eft,tu fi fisalius^vi- 
deris quod te numcn mutarit.Certe qui reiigioncm noAram odioha* 
bcntplufquajEB £/<(>^Zr^,fatefiiur nos verum dicere^fed totumnon dicere 
criminantur^ quicqutd eft pofitivde(quam appellant)apud nddros The- 
ologian etiam adverfariis perplacct^negatijiium^folummodoquacun- 
dam paulo atrociorum graviter accufamur^nempe audacem illam,tm- 
piamq; novae fidci farraginem ferre nee polfe nos^ncc debere profite- 
mur,nihil quicqum addimus nihil ttmmutavimusnon aut formofiv^ eft^ 
quam fuit olim Romana? Eccefiae facies^aut reformataturpior.Dic mi- 
ni nunc cur quae intolcranda tibi primum vifa funt reltgionis aflumenta 
placere incipiantrCur jam fero primi^enia noftrae fimplicicatis fonha 
tibi fordcfcerc videatur ? Obfecro tc {amplifllme Domtne) imoad^iro 
per Domlaum Jefum Chriftum redcas aa cor tuum^ velifque amnae 



mx mffcreri/enex nunc es, moneanc te .Cani tui ( flores illi coemi- 
terialcs: c|ui nunc caput tuunigraviquodaai decore obcegunt ) non 
longe abcflc faralcm iHum diem, quo tremcndo fummi {udicis cri* 
kinali {ifteris racionem dctnuc|ic9s fencemias redditurus. Oogita jam 
ferio^aid refponfi daturus fls illf, iili falli ncfcio, vivorum, mortuo- 
rumquc aibitto, ^ic<)uid ctrtc fiac catat plcbccular, cui pcrfida 
Do£torom tyrannidc coelcfth doftrinx jubar intercludi folet, fieri 
non poccft, quin uc tn quern numnfi^oi erudicione retuinnue oa;miHih 
fcicfl ti^ inftnixit Dcus poenam a vencatis s^vitx prius aonegata^ue 
acerrimo vindicc rcportes, Aflurgcnt conu:a te in illo vcrendo die 
fcTipta tua egregia orthodoidas quondam tuae monumema asvicerna> 
teftabuntuiquc & qnis olim fuens & quam folidis rationum nixus fir- 
mamcndsad noilras partes accefleris turpemquc titu lapfum coram 
Deo & Angelis exprobrabunt. Interim verocoelum Sc terra nobis 
attcftentur, ecquid fit in quo nos faats indubiifque Dei eloquiis non 
firmifiime adbereamus. Ecquid in quo fanAorum patrum, concf li* 
orumque authorirate deftituamur, ccc^id in quo nos a Romanis dif* 
ceifionem fecerimus^ nifvtibi illos a fe, a Deo difcefllfle coniliterit. 

O ptos falutarcfque npftros ertores ; Ecquis bonus eft, qui cum Sea- 
cisPatnbus, cum gloriofis Manyribus, cum fanftHfimis Apoftolo, 
cam Deo dcnique ipfo eirart dubitaverit ? Aliam profc<^o lemiram 
qui fibi calcandam elegerit errer> cadat, ptrett , neceffe eft. Fige 
ergo fi ($pviy(f^enirMdejr£ful) fig^ ittic pedem^mane ufquc nobifcum 
& fruere Deo, fruere Evangelio, frucrc fuavifsima bona? confcien^ 
tia? pace. Qaod fi ce iftaparum moveant, ag^e orna liaoc modo, & 
occtpe/jiiaMoqnidem ita vis, fiigam ab hoc Afylo pacts fimul & Re- 
ligianis^aqj aurem no£biis iilis ( fi quae fint ) loioliticts quas ttbi iibec 
fiiaferint olun ( vhit BBmtnm ) few duccris faftt poenitentia, JJr/V- 
tMiMiqme noftram aut nunquam vidifie, atir nunquam dereliqaiffe 
&iftri ex (^abls^ qiaod ex aninio dcprecor. 

Jofeph. Hallus Archifrtsb. fVigomen. 







Ready CO Revolt from the 
RELIGION Established: 

^Otthj Sir, vrfm letid aad cUnhcbcd perfoK drop » 
^ way from us, we lamenc their lofs, ooccair own, bee 
^ Yfben Men of worth IcaTc us, it is not ihc» loTs maze 
I then ours, with Co mudi mete indiffnacioo BaaH m 
aeceU think of tfaefe Cheaters ( £oc lo I confttoe Sc. 
Fditls >■"*> ) thit would fain win you from us with meet, tdd^s of 
iBif-iii^eftiion ; the attempt whereof hath given occaiion to tticfe 
warm Hiies which my true zeal of your fafety hath drawp-fixun mc : 
So much hach been already fpoken to this cavill, diac woold yoa 
fdcafc- but ta ca& your e^e upon Biihop Afgrtom treatife of At 
grand impoftore, and BUltop BetUBs Bpiffles to mi^mrth yast 
could not delire other fatisfaiUon, thither give mc leave to refcrr 
you ac yoiir beft Icafute, in tbe-mem ttoc leafU ihoold feem wil- 
ling to fparc my own indcavors, let tpc ftiortly diicover the vanity 
of that dale collufion which romc Seducers would put upon you. 

Certainly, Sir, the more you look into thefe quarrels the more 
you find that Tem^lum Damimy was not a more mocking plea a- 
mongft the Jews of old, then Eetkf* C^helict, is this day among 
ChiillianSj thofc challenge tc whole chat have it not, and tnofe that 




bavc]3]{hc«oit^ arceiccluded with cqiMi ioipominity* BlelTcd 
God yott vvctc bocn and fared ta a iK^k and ccmwned Daughter of 
that grcac and univtrfal -Mother) the Church o( England y wlm 
-reafoQ can an Enemy (how you why you fhould repent you of fuch a 
pareno^e and fpit in the face of (o gracious a Mother and mirfe > 
flbcbtflgitfeems^is urged to^ you but her age ; It is a killing word 
with thofe Romilli Impofter$, wbrar was your Church betore Ln-^ 
ihtfy, then whidi, there was ncvcit any piea more idle, more ixv- 
voiouS) when it fiiUs tinder a wife and judicious dtloiifion ; for con-* 
iideribefeediyati.' Did we goaboH^to lay die foundations of a 
newCfaurch) die chaileoge were moft juft ( Frinmm vermn was 
^he old and i^ rule of rcftuUiMy we abhorr new Churches, and 
new Ttuths> find ours either to be^ or to be pretended fuch, and 
fcnfakeus: But when all our datn, alt our otdeavouris onelythe 
Tefoeiniog . a^ repatrmg o( ad old Church> faulty in feme moul- 
dtcdfiones^AodrmifHlawed with fomc unnnipeted^ and lately. 
IfikiiBdrter, what afren%yisthts to ask where that Church was 
which we (how them fenfioly thus repaired, had it not been before 
bow cGttld it have been capable of dais amendment^ and if it be but 
tefcKBDcdbyus; It was formed before^ and having been fiocc de^ 
fbcoaed by tl^ir errors, isanlyrellored bvus t»m former bcaHty^ 
As fiice as there is any Church , any trutn m the World this is the 
true and only State of this controverfie, the mif-prifion whereof 
hadi beoi guilty of the lofs of many thoufand fouls.. To fpeak plain- 
Iv^ itf is, lonely the ^rofs abuses, and palpable irinovtftions of the. 
CJhradiof i^om^ which we have parted IroiA, fettbcfe afide, they/ 
andwe, are, and will be one Church, let this be done, and if their 
cmelty, and uncharitablcnefs woQid fever us, onr unity of faith 
atttiChriftian love (hall make us one, in fpight of malice : If their ' 
mKt^^ucalous importunity will needs fo incorpi^ate thofe wbkh we 
can convince for new erroUrs, as to make them ef&ntial to the very 
being of their Church, theyaremdteinjffiiousto tbetnfelves, then 
i&m Enemies can be. We can but lament to fee them guilty of their 
own miiidiief : J^(»: us vve have erred tn'tK)tbing but this, that we 
would not err ; to demonftrace tins in^vticulars, wett a longi^foixie 
msk, jandthatwhidilhairealrcSidy poformcd in that my crcatife 
of ths Old Religion) may it pleafe you to let fall your eye upon that 
pbinaod moderate difcourfe^you (haU^nfifs thcs troth made good^ i 
i:- Z»2 evtry 


■^ » — 

every pwc^l whereof I am ready lojdiilie agaiii& all jgaiiifayers; 
When theCe Men therefore (hall ask^ where our Charcb was^ an« 
fwer them boldly, where irisr*. It is with Chnahes, as with tkbfe 
ieverall perfons, whereof they confift, give me a Man chat having 
been RomiAi for opinion is now grown wiier, and reformed, ho 
hath ftill the faoie tonn or efl^nce, chcngh not the fame errors, Ik 
isthefameMan t^n, yea I add he is the lame Chfii^ that he 
was whOes beholds firmly all diofe Articles of Cachdid;: fatdi* 
which are eflentiall to Chnftianity $ if he now find reafon to re jeft 
i^ofe hideous novelties of the inerr^hility of a Man of fin, of the 
new and monftrous, but invifible, incarnation of his Saviour by 
charm of a finfull Prieft, of matting of fins, of fHstntory flames, 
and the rdl iTf that upftart rabble of^the Tri^^//;^- Creeds whiles 
1^ undoubtedly believes all tbofe truths which carried our Fathers 
( wIm> lived betore the hatdvng of theie devioes > fafely and dire^- 
ly to Heaven, wiio can d^ him the lionor of trtic Catbolidfine 
andChriftianity ; No or^^.rwifeistt in whole Cteirches, whneof 
every bclieveira foul istft abrid^em ;. if ai^ of tbetti find jull^ 
cfiife to refiife (one newlr.obmided cpinionsy whcdh the teft ace 
let to Biathtain, whiles *^n:^ mean time the foundatioi remains* 
entire, thiscanbenogtcuidtodif-Churchthat differing amptttiY' 
of Chrifiians, neither are they other from tfacmfclvcs,. upon this dr-< 
verfity of opinion. 

But I hear what fome wht(perers fay : It is the detefiainatibn eC 
theGburch wfaic^ makes what points fiie thinb fir, fl^/^/,. and 
fundamental :* Let me confidently fav tfab is thethoft dangerous in^ 
Tiovation that can fall into the ears, ncans, bmds of Chriftians ; Ifi 
the Church can make another God, another Ghrift, another Hea- 
vrn> other Prophets and Apoftlcs,, {he may alfo lay another ften- 
dation; Btfttheold rt^ ot thediofcn VefK^ly'whereiil iibcnelj' 
caftmyfottl, is^ 

FtniJMif mum aUttd Pmer4 nemo pQUfi. 

Btat, that Yo0 may petfcdlv diicover the frauds what Churcb* 
is it, I befeecfa You,ti»' whom tnis power ir ant)gated'? amlb^ whom» 
isitdurped? Noiie, butthe^mM, and what is that kit aptfti-- 
cular Church > I fpeak boldly^ there was never fo grofic a^guUtry^ 
in the World at this s what intercft hath Rwnt in Heaven mope» 
i^nCM^ai^M/i/r, d»nP4r«^. tixn Bragut^lhtn Hfil^ thcnx^Md^^s 



■ N " . i« I wi I III I ■ w i I I , , ■■ , ^ , ^ 


or any other Gty under HnvenyM'wluitpriiNlledg hath the /Mfrkt 
Chutci^ ibbvc the C?/fi*, ¥¥enth'y^ermM6 , ^^^j It is chc 
charge ef rfic Apoltie : iW; Brethrenikkvtmt thefdthofe^imteffeB 
$fferfons :I may upon the (zsat Groondssfay^in refp^ot places^the 
locality of uuth is the tndft i<Uc and child jAi plea^ chat ever impofcd 
upon wife n^n: Ajwiy with this foj^fy the tme^divi^ 
ur Was, and is, • in evwy Wation 'he that- f*arcth God an4 work- 
eth righteournefs is accepted bf him, the climate makes h^ di^- 
rencc'arwi tf oaore refped have been aittiently given to that See,then 
to others, k«» the fovjeraigncy df the Ciiy which then drew 
6n fhofehoAMirs to the Church} which upon the very famereafon 
were no left trartfnaittfed t(»C$»BMtimple :' Set thofe afide, and 
what holinefie can Titer challen^ above JAthfy or Thdmes I Lee 
foolesbe cnocked with the(e fancies, but you whom God: hath in* 
^frd with (inffiilar judgmem and underftandnj kir all tb'ngs will 
.cafilyrefi^nrthe fraud ; and fee that the/e is no more feafon why 
the Englifli Church (hould oonform inr^inion to the Rorai(h(were 
the.Do^rinesc^aUv indi^rent ) then^ie Roman Church to the 
En^Hfh. They are hut tjbe feveral ly^^s of one largo and untverfal 
bodyj and if in'refpcft of outward Oc j : itbere have heen,or may be 
ackn^ledged a precedency, yet in i«jg^ of the main fobftaaee of 
truth vvc cannot admit of any dependance on any Church under 
Heawn ; Here, that which is the purer from Error and comiption>« 
muft take the wall, raaugre all the loud throats of acclaming para-^ 
fites, fea fo far muft we needs be from pinning our faith upon tlie 
ibcveoflomf, as that we cannot (without violence of&rea to out 
own coiiTcienccs ) but fee and fay that there is no particular Church 
ou^tb, fo branded by the 5|>irttt^ God,, in riie Scripturesy, as 
is^mei Info much as the beftabbettors, and deareft fautots of that 
See, arc glad to plead that Sameh St. Ptters aid St. Johnf Babjllmit 
we blede God for (landing on our own feet, and diofe feet ofeurs^ 
ftand upon the infallMe grounds of the^ Prophets, and Apoftles, of 
PHmitive Greeds, Councels, Fathers, and therefore we can ao» 
more deceive you, then they can deceive us. 

The oenfisre that the eneoucs<^jour Cnutchcaft upon^is noa 
ttatnith, but defed,they dare not (xft grant what we fay is me, bur 
they blame us for not faying all is tine which they fay ) now thae 
which we (ay,, was enough to (ervc thofib aotieot Chiil9^atts,'wbich^ 






Kvcdbefprc thqCe IanJy^eviredi«4^nflnJy the refqTai wheitof is 
madb haynoBs* and deadly Y9 lis i'lii^ji^^ bow happy is this er^ 
ring ? Lee my R>^lbe with i^hoi^ bictlod MartyrSs 0>mc(&rs^ jFa- 
chcrs^ Chri(lij^s'whk:bnev^rlw^dco.'hetrdfcho(cnew Aiticlcsoi 
the new Roqian .faich> and 1 dart fay, yon will hoc wiih yours ta^y 
other where, chetccai^be no daegpr th'^d^ctii^ehs, (here can w 
nocWng but aanj^c^ iq b^ ob trufi^s* Bb( Ifindeh>w apt my^ pen 
is to over-run the bounds of ale tter^ my^eal ofvour fafety carries 
mc into this length, the cviQc^ into wmch tbefe (edufi^srs would lead 
you are deadly^ <;rpeci4lly upc>n a revolt ; your very ingenuity 1 hope 
( bcfides grace) willfu^eft better i things to jitit*. HcUd that 
which you-have, that no man take your crt)wn s My Sold for yours 
you go right } lo fure as there is a waven, this way will Jead you 
thither, go on confidently, andcticjerfolly in it) let me never be 
happy, tf yon be^not. i you will pardon my holy inApQriuiuty> which 
^a^ DC ever (econdcd with niy hearty ptajirers to the God^ truth, 
that he will ftablilhyour heart in that ctietnal trudi gdf his Gofpel 
which you have received, and both work andaOwn your happy 
perfev^ance s fuch {ball be the fervent apprecatioos of j 

• t> 




.. ...» • ..'*•' 

i i ' . • » - ** 


I.I .1 ,*^ 




- - 111 ,1 it t \iti tfi 


* f 

/ '.41 

■ It- —- , ' ■ - ; , f 


. ii 


I ' * t 

E L I G I O M 


WHercas thtrttte maaj loud (piafrcls^ and brabbles about 
matter of Rcli^ion^ this is my firme and fteadfaftRefo- 
lutioiK whcreio I finde peace with God,^^ and ply own 
S0UI3 as being undoubtedly certain in It felf, and holly charitable 
to others, and that in which 1 conftaatly purpofc ( Cod willing ) as 
to Live fo to Dye, 

I. I do believe and know that there it but one way to Heaven^, 
even the True and living way, JefHS Chrift, God and Man the 
Saviour of the World. 
2. 1 believe and know, that this way however it is a narrow and 
, ftrai^htway, inrcfpeftofthe World, yet hath much Latitude m 
it felt : So as thofe tnat tmely believe in this 5on of God, their Sa- 
vtoqr^though they may be mu-Ied into inany by-pathes of fmalJ er- 
rors,yet by the mercy of God are adcntwlcdgcd n9t to be out of the 
main high way to eternal life. .'^ . 

J.I believe and know^ that the Canonical Scriptures of God are 
the true andunfi^iJineRiiilc'of CHjr ?afth» fo as whatfoever is thcre- 
incontainVi is the ftiwlliblc Truth of Goa, and wbatfocver is neccf- 
fery to be believed to eternal Salvation, is therein exprcfly, or by 
clear and undoubted conftquenceconttin*d, and fo fet forth as it 
neitherneedeth farther explication^ nor admits of any probable 
O>ntiadiftion:. ..;?.. 

4f. I believe arid know, that God hath ever fince the creation of 
Mankinde had a Chinch upon Earth, and fo fhatl have to the end 
of the World, which is-a society or Communion of Faithful mc n 
profefsii^^ Name^ acainft whish the gates of Hell fball never be 
able to previa,' for the ui!ing thereof. 
; s. I believe and know> that the confenting voice of the fuccefst- 



oiis, aiid pirdeiic umvcrfality ofFatchfol Men m all times and places, 
is worthy lofstaac^ttttbority^Wothfv oar t^onfin^ truths, 

aad for oiv diri^ibirinali the dNimftantial poktsof Gudk fervioei, 
fo as k cannot be oppofed, or (ibv>cr'4 trooi, without juft offence to 

,6. I believe and Ibiow, thatbefides ^hofe necefifucy^xtmbs csfk^ 
taii'din-the flolT Scriptures and Seconded by the Cogent and Vio^ 
fftiion of all Qoosi faiuifcl onev there may be^ and ever have bcq^ 
certain collateral and not-mainly importing veriues^wheiein it is not 
«nlawful> for feveral particular Churches, to maintain their own 
Tenets, and to dtdcnt from other } and the ieveral ^nembers^ 
(ho(e particular Churches are bound, fo far to tender the common 
peace s as not to oppofc fuch piibliquely received truths, 

7. I do cc^fidepuy believer that if all the particular Churches, 
through the whole Chriftian World, fhould meet together, and 
determine thefc fecendary and flnimportIn|truthcs to be believed 
iipon necefsicypf Salvation,and{halIcna£lI>amnation to allrhofe 
which (hall deny their afTcnc thecennto, tliey diould go beyond the^ 
Commifsion which God hath given them , and do an aft wVi^ 
God hath never undertaken to warrant : Since ther<i can be no ne%i^ 
Principles of Chrillian Religion, however there may be an applica^ 
cion, of fomc formerly feccived Divine truthes to fome cmei]genc. 
occafions, and a clearer explication of fome obfcurc verities. 

S. 1 do confidently believe that God hath never confined the de- 
.fern)ination of his will in all queftions and matters pertaining to 
Salvation, orwhatfoevercontrovcrfies of Religion to the brei&of 
any one Man, or to a particular Church, or to a correfpondence, 
of fome particular Churches, fo as they fhall not pofs^y err^ tiieir 
Definitions and Deaecs. 

y. I do confidently believe, that the Church Of . Rme^ compre- 
hending both the head and thofe her adherents, and dependaince, 
being but particular Churches, hive highly (iffended God inarro*; 
gating to themfelves the priviledg of imyiibilitywHch wits never 
^iven them, and in ordaining new Articlei of faith^ ^d exduding 
rom the bofome of Gods Church, and the Gates of. Heaven au 
thdfe which differ (torn her in the rcfufal of her late bred m- 
pofitions, though otherwifc holy men, and no lefs true Chriftiansj 
then any of themfelves. 



ip. I do confidently believc^chat though it be a thing very rcqui- 
(iteto puWick peace and good order, that every fcveral Chrilban 
(houl^be rangM under fomc particularChiirc;h^and every particular 
aflqmbly to be fubordinate to fome higher Government, which may 
ovclrfee & over rule them in the cafe ot different opinions and mat« 
ten of praftife} yet that God hath not rccpred, or cominandcd 
cither of theie upon neceifity of Salvation ; fo as an Indfon^ convert, 
in (he rcmotctt part of the World believing in Chrift, may wichouc 
relation to any Church whatfoever be laved ; and a particular 
Church being Orthodox in the main principles of Religion , upon 
matter of litigious conteflation, flving off from fome more eminent 
Church under which it was rankecl for Orders fake, however it may 
be faulty, in an undue divifion, yet is not hereby excluded from 
the capacity of falvation ; fince (uch fleight jarrs, and unkindneffes 
in Churches, can no more fhut them out, from a common interell 
inChrift, then the like cpiarrels efa PmuI and Bi^rndas^ AS. 15* 
3^.could keep either of them cat of Heaven. 

11. I do confidently believe, that all the particular National 
Churches j through iht whble Chriflian World, are no other then 
Sifters, Daughtersofthc fame Father God; of the fame Mother, 
cbc Spiritual J>r«/iii';» which isfrdm above ; fome of them arc El- ' 
der Sifters, others Younger : Some more Tall and large fpread ; 
others of Jefs ftature, fome fairer in refpeftofHolynefsof life and 
Orthodoxie of Judgment 5 othen fouler in relpeft of Corruptions, 
both of do£hine and manners ; ftill Sifters j and ii any of them 
(hail ufurpef a Miftreft-ft>ip over the reft, or make her fclf a Qieen 
over them, and make themfubje^s and flaves to her; oraMo^ 
therhood to the reft ( otherwife dien in a priority and aid of conver-. 
fion ) and make them, but Daughters and Punies to her ; She ftiall 
be guilty of an high Arrogance and Prefumption, againft Chrift and 
his dear Spcftife, the Church ; fince with the juft and holy God, 
iherciino refpe^ of perfons or places , but in all Nations thofc that 
fcrvc him bcft, are moft accepted of him. 

12. From hence will follow this double C&rolUriei Firft, That 
(•as there is a kinde of namral ccpality- in Siftcrhood ) no par- 
ticuiar National Churchcan by rightof any inftitution of God, chal- 
len» a commanding power over the reft, however fome one may 
have a precedency to other, in rcfpcft, whether of more conftant 

Aaa Ho- 



Holyncfsandiynccrity, ormorcfpccdof convctfioo | jt ^larger 
txtcnti or.of that uvagrcatncffe,anaptccinlncnceof that S«teot 

iurtfaeranee of 

fclf (for orders fake andforfafetyaDdptotcaKm) to the fv^yof 
one oiwre famous and powerful, her ingagement doth joftly bindc 
her, fo far as lawfully it tcacheth j viz:. To acclorowlcdg apnotuy 
ofplace, and to refpcaherdircaionsinmattctsof forme and out- 
wid Adminiftration, fo long as they vary not from the rakr, wlw* 
Cod hath fet in bis Church : But if that more potent Church ftaU 
abufc that power and begin to exercife Tyranny ww Ac weaker, 
by forceii^ upon her tic w and endue impohaons of fai^, or mtol- 
lerabk iniScndes in government; there is no law of God d»tti»d$ 

(he may challenge and refuaae the right of a Sifter, and (hake off 
ihc voak of a flave, without the violation of any command of God ; 
and'not the injuticd but the opprelfor is guUty of the breach of 

1 it will hence follow, that the relation of this common Sifter- 
boodofallChriftian Churches, juftly tyes all thofc that profefle 
thenamcofChrift, toa charitable regard of each to other; So as 
though there be in fome of them crofs errors in matters of Dodriae, 
and foul corruptions in matters of praaife, yet whiles they hold and 
maintain, all the Articles of the fame Qitiftian faith and acknow- 
ledge the fame Scriptures, thefubftanccof thefamehaptifine, and 
ofSicinflituiionoftheHoIyEucharift, they ceafc not to oontiniw 
lifters, notwithftanding theif manifold enormities, and depran^ti- 
ons J thefc are enough to dcforme any Church, not cncHigh to- 
Dif-churchit 5 Thcfeare enough to impair the health, not to be- 
reave the life-, Howfoever therefore we muftalwaics hate, and cry 
down their errors (whicha wilful maintenance makes noleffedien 
damnable ) yet we rouft pity and pray for their Pcrfons, aiidby all 
good means, labour to bring thcin to an acknowledjrment- of the 
oppofcd truth ; and although I well know there is ill uft m«te of 
our charity tHs way i bvthofe willing miftakers who turttc it to ^r 
difadvantage i thatwc'pafs.fdfavouflbdcccnfurc$upo» their Churi- 


46 c? 

■ ^ ■■ y Wi "" » ■ ■ mmmm^im ^ 1 . * — ■ww— w>»n>—i — — — — »i 

chesjWhUcs they pals foawlan.dnra:cilffsccijfur« ours, yet 
«y«Qnfd?ncie bickmc to fay th»t I wnnot repent of this juft fentencc 
wherein I know I ftull finde cpmfert in niy appearance, before the 
dreadful Tribunal of God^whcn the uncharitablenefs and injultice of 
thcfe bWody men, that fend their charitable oppolcrs to a remcdi- 
kfic damnation, ^ali beadjudg(^d to that Hdl, which they have 
pcefuai j^ttoufly doomed unto others : As for chem , let them fee 
JiOTV they can anfwer it to that juli Judge of the World in that 
great day, that they have prefumcd to blot out of the book of life 
To aKU>y niillions ot fakhful Chriitiafls, only for diilenting from them 
infiichpoints as God never gave them warrant toimpofe. 

From the force then of this Relation it is eafily fubinfcr *d that it 
is not lawful for Chriftiao Churches, upon differences about points 
not elTenttal to the faith either voluntarily to fotfake the communi- 
on of each other, or forceably to abdicate and thruft out eachoth«er 
from their communion .There being the fame rea(bn in this behalf,of 
a Church,aQd a feveral Chriftian ; As therefore one Chridian may 
not abandon another for differences of opinion in matters not ne^ 
Ceflary to be believed j fo neither may one Church , upon fuch 
groimd either leave od expel another, but if any fuch ad be done, 
it is to be inquiredboth where the fault is, and what may be the 

• In a meet fimple derellftion oi a Church thus differiog, and fup- 
pofcd fo to err,thc faults mufl needs be in the Church fof fakingrBut 
where the departure is accompanyed with fuch circumflances , as 
maybe fuppofcd to he incident in fuch cafes, there the flatc of the 
bufinefs may be altered, and the blame of either part, either taken 
off er aggravated. To inftancc in the profecution of this Relation 
which we have[in hand : Two Sifters are appointed by their Mo- 
ther tu looke to her houfe, the charge is given equally to both, the 
Mother is no fooncr out of fight, then Aie Elder begins to domineer 
overnhe younger, and requires her to do fomcthing in the Family*, 
which (be conccives'Hiay tend to the prejudice of the common pro- 
fit,, and. crofle the Mothers intention, the younger finding her felf 
grieved, with this carriage, and difliking tfee task injayned^ both 
K)ifoears to do it and fcrioufly expoftulates with Her Sifter •, laying 
before her the inconveniencies which will follow upon fuch an aft j 
the Elder impatient of a centradi6lion, not only gives fharpc Ian- 

Aaa z g^*S<^> 



gaagc , but thnifts her Sifter out of doors ; neither will admit her ^ 
come in again, except (he iubmii; her felf to her auchoricy, and per^ 
form that chare which (he formerly refiifed, the Youn&er holds off, 
as thinking (he may jiot yield without wrong to herfelt, and to her 
Mothers Truft : the Sifters arc now thus parted i but where is the 
blame i The Younger is gone away from the Elder } but (he doth it 
upon the Elders violence ; on the one (ide, (he had not eone if fte 
bad not been thruft out s on the other (tde (he had not Ken thruft 
out, if llie had not refufed to do the ehiifg required ; on the one (ide, 
the Elder might not be fo imperious, nor injoyn a tlui^ unfit; oa the 
btherfide the Younger might not upon fuch a command vohintaiily 
forfake tl^ Elder s&it if tne Elder (hall unjuftly challenge fuch au- 
thority, and (hall thereupon impofc unmeet iervices ; and (hall put 
the lounger outx)fdoofs for not pcrformif^ them, it is dear where 
the fault rcfts. 

I appeal to God, and the confcieiKes of all juft men,if this be not 
(he ftateoftheprefent differences, of the Rcynans and Reformed 
Churdies ; dbe leoE^dy whereof muft therefore begin from tho(e 
parties wWch have given caufc of the breach ; if they (hall remit of 
their undue Height apd Rigour, and be content, with thofe Mode- 
rate bounds which God hath fet them both for Dodrine, andGo^ 
wtnmenr, andyeildthtmfelvesbut capable of error, there maybd 
poffibtUty of Remiion^and Peace : Sut whiles they per(ift to chal- 
lenge aninfallifaility of jadgment,and uhcontroilatienefs of pradtfe, 
they do wilf«lly block up tm way to all reconciliation and concord, 
ana ftand guilty of all that Grievous Schifm,under which the Church 
of Ciod, thus long andmifer^ly fulfers« 

And this upon full deliberation, is my fetled and finall Refohiti* 
^n i concettiing the main difference in Religion }*^wherein ipy foul 
doth fo con5dently reft ; that I dare therewith boldiy appear before 
the face of that great Judge of the Quick and Dead, as knowing 
it infaUibJy warranted by his own UNDOUBTED WORD. -^ * 

Jos. Exo». 











A N S W E R 

To AM 


Concerning the Frequent ln)e£Hngof 



THc cafe whcreaf you complan is noc more worthy of fccre- 
cy then of pity } and yet in true judgnaent not (o baynous 
as you conceive it : Evil motions are caft into you, vrhich 
ye\ you cntertaifi not with confent : Let ne affiire you 
ihefc are not your fms, but bis that in je^ them : You may be ( as 
you are ) troubled with their importunity ; but you are not tainted, 
with their evil> whiles you diiUke and bate them, and are gtieved 
with their fuggeftion: That bold and futde enemy of ours durilcaft 
temptations into the Son of God himfelf, in whom yet he could 
finde nothing. It were wo with us, if lewi motions ( though re- 
pelled) (hould be imputed untous : It is only our confent thit brings 
them home to us^and aiakes them our fins }wcre then thefe tk)ughts 
(asyoufuppofethem) blafpheti^S vet whiles your heart goes 
not with them , but abhorrs them, ana fttives againIL them^ tney 
mayafiUiftyou, they cannot hurt you: AsX«rWfaid in the like 
cafe, Birds may fly over our heads, w4icther we will or no, but 
they cannotncfilc in our hair unleffc we permit them*. Take heart 


4''^ ' . 

therefore to your fclf j and be noc too much de jcded with ' the 
wicked lolicitations of a known enemy: For tte redrefifc whereof 
(as I have noc been unacquainted with the like c^ufes of complaints) 
let mc prcfaibc you a douWc rcmcdyiRefohition, and Prayer. 

.In the firft place take up ftrong rcfoimions not to give heed or 

tare to thcfc unrcafonable motionsjrefolvc' rather to fcornc and con« 

temn them upon their firft intimation, as not worthy of a partictilar 

. aofwer j For certainly holding chat with them and fad agitations , 

and arguing of them ) as.thottcbcs meet to receive a fatisfa^on, 

drawes on their naorc troubidbmc importunity; trhcieas if they 

were fleighted, and difdainfuUy turn'd off upon their firft glimpfe, 

^ they would go away aftiamed. VVheafocver therefore any fiich 

fuggeftions of&r themfelves unto yjou, think with your felf: Iknow 

whence this comes, it is Sauns} let him cake it whofeitif, I will 

not meddle with it ; fay but in your Saviours words. Avoid Sa^ 

tMi anddivert your thoughts tofome holy and p^jfit^e fubjeA, 

and thefc temptations will by Gods grace loon vanifh. 

In the fecond place, applyyour felf to the remedy of thatchofim 
Veflel, whowhenhcwas^uffetedbythemclfcngcr of S^an^, had 
rccourfe to the throne 6f Grace, and befought God thrife, (that is 
frequently ) that he might depart away from him : Whenfocver 
you (hall be thus troubled, do you by a luddain ejaculation raifc up 
" your heart to God j and befeech him to rebuke that evil one , and 
do not fo tnud) care to anfwer the Temptation, as to implore the 
aid of him, who can take off the tempter at' pleafurc 5 who hath an 
hook in the noftrils of that Leviathan. Certainly thofe evil thoughts 
cannot be more fwift-winged then our prayers may be, nor (6 pre- 
valent to our vexation as wr prayers fliall be for our rcfcuc. Be 
therefore fervent and affidious in them, and my foul for yours the 
lencitiy fhall have no power to liarmc you/^s for your doubt of re- 
, living thcbleflfcd Sacrament becaufe of thefe mifconctived blafphe- 
mies, it falls alone by what I have already faid ; The blafphemics 
( if they were fuch ) are Satans not yours 5 Why fhauld you not do 
your felfgood, becaufe he would do you a: niifchicf: InGodsnamcf 
g6 on ta defic that cvjl one 5 and let him take h« wicked^ 
tieifc to ' himfctf J and do yoii ffoe with cheerfuUnelfe and 
:good ccwr^c to that Holy Tabfe : as there and thence ex- 
pcding w receive neW .ftrength againft all his afiaults; Hei- 










tlier doubt I bur chac our good God will fo blcffe unto y6& 
this inftitution of his own « together with your prayers and 
Refolutions^ that you ihall be foon and. fully freed from thcfe 
hatcfull gucfts ; and CbmfOTtably. in joy him and Your fclf j 
which 1 (ball alfo gladly fecond wicn my prayers for you ( though 
unknown ) as who am ' 

ExQU' April 14 


TcMr trnlyCifmpafpm^te 


Md welUmfbif^ Friend in Chrifl 








k*Mi«pi^«W a^MMB 


4H - . .„ .. . 


• " ', TOONE . '' -, ;;! 

Under Cenfure. 


X is not for mc to cxuninc the Grounds of your afiU£tioiT, 
which as they (ball ctxnc to be (canned by greater judgri> -. 
menn, foio the mean time have doubclellfe reccii^ 
bach a Vcrdift and fentcnce Arom your own heart : and 
if this a^lwere in my power I can muchbectn &f- 
fer with my Friend then judge him. But however either partial w 
rigorous theconccits of others may be, be lure I beleet^ ygu tb« 
yon receive from your own bolome a free and juft doom on all your 
a^oii^j after all the cenfurcs of ottwrs, thence muft proceed eiriier 
your peace or torment : But what do I undertake to teach him that 
is alieady in the School sf God and under that divine femie hiatb 
learned more then by all the Theorical counfels of profperity. Sarcly 
I cannot but profefie that I know not wlicthcr I were more forry foe 
the defert oryoHr durance, or glad of fudi fruit thereof as mine eyes 
end ears wimefled from you. But one Sabaoth is piftfince my medi- 
tations were occafioned to fixe ihcmfclYcs upon the gain which Gods 
children make of their fins,tbc prafihTc whereof I rejoyced to fee con- 
conturr in you with my fpeculaticm i and indeed it is one of the 
wonders of Gods mercy and providence that thofe wounds where- 
with Satan h(^>es to kill the Soul^through the wife and grauous cvdi- 
nation of God,, ferve to heal it. 

We faint Souldiers Hiould never fight fo valliantly , if it were 
not for the indignation at our foil. There arc corruptions that may 
]utk fccrcdy ia a comer of the Soul tioknownjanfcen ; till the ihamc 


I ■ *M«— ■^Mlfc^^l* I I I II 



._ ^ ^ ■ / 4f5 

ef A oocorimis evil fend os to fcaich and ranfacke s if but a fpcc light 
upon our dskc we. regard it not, but if through our hegledt or the 
violence of a blaft it fail into the mire, then wc wa{h and fcoure ir. 

As Weiife therefore to fiiy there cannot be better phyfkk to a 
iihderick body tt^n a feafonable Ague, fo may I lay fafel^ there can 
be nothing fo advantageous to a &cure heart, as to be hnnck } for 
hereby he who before fel in overpleafing himfdf, begins to difpleafc 
himfelfat his fall : Fire never afccnds (q high as when it is. beaten 
back with a cool Uaft.: Water that runs in a fmooth lei^elwith an 
infcafibic declibation ( though an heavy body ) yce if it fall low it 
rifcs high again ; Much forgiven caufeth much love ; neither hid the 
penitent made an cwcr of her eyes, and a towel of her hair for 
<Ihr jfts feet if fhe had iiot found her felf more faulty the^her ncigh- 
Ijours ;• Had not ?<^^r thrice denyed, he had not been graced with 
that threefold i^eftion of hjs Savioun love j it is an harfh hut a tnie 
word,G9d^ ChUdoen have caufe to blefle him for nothing more tb^n ^ 
fpr their fms : If that all-wife providence lave thoiiight good totaife 
up even your brgotten fins in your face to fhame you before roea, 
there carniQC be a greater argument of bis meicy iThis bluihiw (ball 
avoid eternal confSfion : Envy not at the felicity of the clofely o^^ 
glfiiioufly guilty j who have at once firm foreheads, and foul b&^ 
fomes ; vaunting therefore of their innocence becaufe ttey can have 
Raaeaifers, like wicked harlots who becaufe thry were delivered 
without a midwife, and have made away their ftolenbirth, go cur- 
rant; ftill for maids s nothing can be more mifcrable then a fmners 
profperity j this argues him Dound ove^ in Gods juft decree to an e- 
vcrlafttng vengeance, W» ife t$ them that ld%gh here^ far they fb4B j^ep 
wid^HAfh : Happy is that (hame that fhall end in glory. 

And if the wifdorae of that juft judffe of the world fhall think fit ' 
to ftrip you oi your worldly wealth and outward eftate, acknowlcdg 
his mercy and your gain in this lofs ; he faw tliis camels bunch kep^ 
you out of the needles eye 5 .he faw thefc bels too heavy for that 
high flight to which he intended you j now fhall you begin to be 
truely rich when yon can in joy the |>o{ft(for of Heaven and Earth; 
when tbefebafe rivals are (hut out of doors God fhall have your 
whole heart 5 who were not himfelf,if he were not all-ftifficient. 

-Neither let it lye too heavy upon your heart that your hoptfulP 
Sons fhall inhtrit nothing from you but (bame and di(honoor s why 

Bbb are 


^ » — 

•reyottiajittiousaiyoiKlclCajKLcbBie you taNe,.vouE «pcn uiicc 
Aiali feofife upon them more blefBngs cheny«ut (ui hMh loft; Ice 
pofterity (ay they were the fons ^i a penicenc Father ; this ftatn is 
wafhc otf with your teats and theu: venue : and for their provifion, 
(^t\iw<a&^)Th£m^ii the Lords ami ^fMb^sAererf^ imagine' 
them bom tonotiung 3 we diat are more Ridi in Children then e* 
ftate hope well of thofe «e£fels whom wc can put forth wel r^ed,8c 
well balla'ft though not wealthy laden:How fenfibly do yoiuiew find 
that wodthdoth not confii); in gettii^ miich, butwtUs and tint 
contentment doth not lye iathccofer but in the broaft y lalUy that 
all treafutes are dro0e to agood coaicience. 

For your felfi Ify«ube pent up wtthin &m wds, and hured 
both ot Sui^d Men ; make God yours and y«u caonoc complain 
of r-eCb-aint, orfoiitude : Nopriibnistooftra^ht fisr his ptcfence j^ 
Heaven it felf would be aptifon without hia» ; year fetious ropen- 
tancc inay win that Society whicbiaakes the very Angels Uefied ; 
diis is the way to oaake him y«ur comforter, your companicm, in- 
whofeprefence is the fnlnefs of joy. 

Shortly, let yoUr thoughts be altogether fuch as may befeeoia 
man not unwillingly weaned from this worlc^ and careftil only /to 
fpeed hap(»ly in another j VVe your poor friends can anfwer the 
lunde refpefts of your ptofperity no otherwife then with our pray^- 
ersforthebeftttfeofyourafflidion ;. which fhaJl not be wanting:- 
fiem your true an4iorrow^ wtl-wjllett 





,r » 



^ ■ ■ II P ^mmtfmmmm 

'm* I- I 



•# ... 

■ A • . 



• • 


Nine Arguments 

VVhidi are brought agsdnft the 




Eoik tcafons had mvdtobe firoog ; and die iaiceave^ 
nicnces hainous ttK|c fliottld rake away an ancient $x^ 
hereditary rights eftablifiied by law. Hiefe are not 

I. To trade in fecular affair s-^ and to be taken up with 
them^is indeed a ereat and jnft hinderancc to ^ exrrcife of our mi- 
nifterial fun(^on$iK^ to meet once in three yaars in a Pariiament for 
ibme few weeks at the fame time when we arei>ound to attend con* 
vocation bufinefs, is qo (enfiUe impediment to our body calling. 

t. We do indeed promtfe & profefs when we enter into holy or^ 
tiers that we will giye oiir (t^ves fo much as in us lies wholly to this 
vocation; will it therefore follow that we may not upon any occa- 
sion lend our {elves to the care of the puUick when we are 
thereunto called ? And if this notwichfUnding, we may, yea muft 
take moderate care of our'^houfhold affairs, and the proviHon for 
t)ur family ; why not as well of the CommoD-wcalth? 

3 • For ancient Canons of Councells s will tbey bp content to be 

Bbb2 bound 

• \ 


■A Hi** 


hound by them, who ar^ .them upon us ? Ot^lll]I thejr adihit fome» . 
and reject others \ Or will they admit them whctftilify ire contrary- 
cp our own laws } How our Chrendn Co^t.h»t cx^ltefly^ dld^rnt 
interejj'e Qfnmbi^ juiiciis ^* The Canons therefore anfVyi6ld to thcin> .. 
not they to the Canons. 

4, Twenty four Difhop* have dependence upon two ArcVJ)l- 
(bops. When was it otherwifc? Is it not fo in all fubordinaticMis 
of government? If this be a jui): inconvenience, let ill be levelled^ 
to an equality, and that (hall end in a certain confufion but they 
fwear to them Canonicall obedience :' True, but it is only in inrnt- 
bm Ucitis & honefih mandAth : The fuppofitton implyed muft needs 
favour of uncharitablenefs ; that the Mefr9foltUm will be'fiill apt 
toxccuire unlawfuU things, and the Bifhops will ever bafcly fteop 
tpafervilc humoring ofthcm. 
5 . But they have tfer places only for their livesjand thercforcj not 
fit to have a legiflative power over the hodors , liberties^ propr^des 
of tlte fubjcft. r. If they have thek ffifhopricks but for their 
lives, yet there are fcarce any of them that h^ve hot fo much tern- 
porall eftareinfeeas may mal^ them no lefs capable of a l^ifla- 
tivfc power. then many ctf the houfc of Commonsr >yhto daim Ihis 
right.. Secondly, is the cafe other now then it hatn been all this 
wral^r i yefc for to manyhondred years there have tipen good ItvHy 
and juftfi^mences given by their concunrnce, notwithftandii^ tCfi^ 
their tenure for life. jly. If they be boncft and confcionaKe tWH^ 
they had their places bat for a year, or a day, they vwould notyi^ 
to oetermine ought unjuftiy : And if diffeoncfl and confdenceltfs, 
h is not the pcrprtuall inheritance of outplaces that can make oi!ir 
d^^^tetminations juft. . 

e.. If dependencies, and expe^tions of funhcr -preferment lie 
in our wayj why not equally.m many Temporall Lords^ vvhoare 
iftterdred in offices^ and places in court ? why fhould we fce more 
mif-carriagcablebyfechpoflSbilitiesor hopfs then others? Efpecir 
ajly , when our age is commonly fuch, and the charges of re moves 
fo.great that there iS' fmall likelyhoodof aait(][uall gaining by he 

7; If Icverall iind particulap Bifhops have much ihcroched Upon 
tViC confcienccs of his Majeftits fubjcfts, in matter of thenr proptir 
ctys :and.ltbcrey ; whatreafdh is there to impute thtsuntcNrH ? why 

. (hould 


fhi^d the iiiOiKmc bo 1^ tQc t^ w^qa^ q£ the guilty? 
X^(d:K>rc wMqfttvbe ^payinced of ^ 4>ffen(e this way iinckigo. a 
coadigne cenfuce'; Lcc not an imjuft prcjudi(« be caft upon, cbe 
whole calUng foc^hc errors of a few.. 

8. ic is HOC to be expcffced but the whole, nucnbcr.of x6. {houHA 
|>etmerc0cd m the maiotenai^ of that their jorifdi^on which 
bo(^ the laws of Meo> and Apoftolicall inftitucion hath feofifc^ 
them in > why (hould they not defend (heir own lawfull and holy 
caUiogagainftaU unjuft oppofitipn of gainiayers. {f their hearts 
did not a0urc ^hem their liacion were warrantable ajnd good^ thcv 
.wcrebeaftsif they would hold themj and.iftheii; hearts do afluoe 
them fo^ they were beafts if theyr would not defend thetn : ^t thcte 
arc numbers ia^ the three Kingdomes that crye them down sThie> 
but there arc greater numbers for them^ perhaps an hundred/(pr one; 
a^iffomebiiiiefa^tipntlbofthemeanerfort here about (a body 
ccfXKpounded of Separatift$> Anabaptifts, Faaulifts^ and fucblikc 
iwffc ) make ifome (how and noife, yet what are thofe, .to the 
whole Kingdom ? Nekhcr do thcfe men more qppugne our votes in 
Parliament, then our (lations in the Church; fo as this argument will 
^no Icfs hold for no bilhops^the&for fio vptes^a&iikewife that inftanoc 
in the pradife of ScotUmi. SectUmi hath abbliOit Epifcopacy . ibcy 
fayj The more pity ; Jet them look^ quoimreytxA whatanfwer to 
make uhto that God whofe ordinance it is : But I had thought it 
Should have been a ftronger argument s EfigUnd iretains Epifcopacy 
therefore ScatlMd fhoulajthen 5ro^iW hath aboliiiit Epifcopacy, 
therefore Etigjlaid (hould do fo too:Let there be any other Church na- 
jned in the whole Chriftian World that hath voluntarily abandoned 
Epifcopacy, when it mkht have continued it s and if their pradife 
be herein lit^lar^ whWhould not they rather conforme ta all the 
reft of Chriftendom^ tnen we to them. . 

,f. But the core of all, is, that it fets too great a diflance between 
iis> and our Brethren of the Clergy, andfo nourifbes pride -in us, 
difcontentment in them, and difouietnef sin the Church : Ail argu-' 
nient that fights eerily agaidft all our (iipcriority over our Brethren , 
and azainft ourvotes hdre : By this reafonwe muft be all equall, 
lione lubc^ihate ; and^what carder can there, be where none is-a- 
bove otbcr^What is thisbtiroid K9rdhs cballenge.Ye take too much 
upon you^^^wbeielbrc iift ye up your fclves above the Congrcgat ion 






of the Lord : Nowj (befeechyou^ wberhnr wts^heremorc fiidt 
in Mofes and A4r$M thac governed^ or in Cird and Ifsthsm dmt {Bitty 
inured aodrcpincd ? ^ 

Ic is pride then chat cauTeth -ccmtencion^kic wfaett is 'this frUc i 
whethei* ib thofe that moderAccAy mahagea .laM^fulI Ti!{»epority| at 
in tbofe that fcorn and hate to be uflder ^vermcBt ? Wefe^^fib 
JBrechren fo a£Fe£l:ed as they onght) they ^fl^ould rather rejoyoe that 
any of their own tribe are advanced to thofe places wherein they 
Height be capable of doing goed^ces to them and the -Church of 
God) in flead of fweUing with envy againft their juft ex^tation^ 
and would feel this hon€>r done totheir profelTion ) and not to the 

Laitiy, what a mean opinion doth this imply to be conceived of 

:usby thc^^eftcrs^that we who -afe old Men, Chriftiah Philjolo- 

'Gophers, aiwKvincsftiotlldhavefo-little government of our ieWes 

as^tobe puffed up with chdfe poi* acceffions of tittilar refpeAs^ 

which thofe who-arfe really and hereditarily poHefled of, can weild 

without any fijch taint or fulpiden of trinfportedncfs. 

Shbrrly,ifi all thefe Nine reafons there is nothing that may induce 
an indifferent Man to think there is any juft ground to ticXvAc 
(hops from fitting and voting in Parliament* 


^■< »^^ 

!>■ .1 > I -^^ 





iMiiMirt tta^^W>^rik^ 

. 4^^ 

FO R . 




WE cannot be to« wary of,or too oppofitfe tci Pope- 
ry & Ahcichrtftiaiufin.-But let vtit admonifb you 
in the fear of God to taVc heed that we do not 
dilate the name and impntation of thefc too fsoTi 
for I fpcak it with juft forrbw aiid compatfl- 
00 there are fome well meaning and fcduced fouls that are by Erre- 
»«** teacjicritffought into the opinioft that the facrcd form of, the. 
GoverHient of the Church and the holy fomis of the putlick devo- . 
tions, and prayecs of the Church and all the favoreis of them are. 
worthy to be branded with the title of Popery and AntichtifU- ■ . 

For the fir(l» my heart bleeds in me to think that that calling 
which was iHflitut'edby the Apbftlcs thcmfelves and hath ever fince 
continued in the univerfall Church of Ghtift without interruption- to 
diisday , (hould now come under the name of Popery :-I fpeak 
of the calling ; if the petfons of any in this ftation hive been faulty, ^ 
let them bear their own burden^ nit that the calling it fclf fhvuld 
receive this cpnfttuAion in the opinion of well-nundcd and' conlcto- 
naWcChriftiansisjuiyymbft lamentable,. I bcfccch "you look back 
upon thehiftprics of former times, look but upon~ yo^r. A^ atid . . 
MoBtsncnti, and fee whether any htvebeen i " b ciihn.. 

ef their ink, os their blood agtinu the tyrani and. fa-, 

perftition then thft Bifhopsofthis Church of o .'much 

as the reverend J>r. D» Moulis ui hispublick 1 es that ' 

the Biihops oiEMlMid wete they to whom tjii ch6ldcn-< 

£ictheJMrtyandtatiDceajUicc Of tbc'Ptoteftiuic'Keiiigion'iti'ihts 



«— >— **f ■■ 1 —— ^w^^^a^— — i^— — li^Wi^— »*^"*w>*^<w 

King4oni and in this prcfent tK how m any of us have written and 
arc content ind ready to bleed for the finccrity of the Gofpcl ? If 
there be any therefore in this holy drdcr wliofc lips haveliang'd to- 
wards the onions and sari ick, and flcflipotsoi ^gjff^lct them un- 
dergo jiAcrtifurcjbut iet the calling, ifnd the 'zealous and fiithfull 
managers of it be aa!juittedbcf«e G<k1, and Men. 

Forthclatter, I fee and mourn ro fee that many good fouls are 
. brought into a diOike and deteftacion of the common prayers of the 
Church of En^andzs mccr Mais and Popery, wo is me that error 
ftiould prevail To fart with good hearts. Ibefccch you for Gods fake 
'and your fouls fake be rightly informed in this [q flaateriall and im^ 

I fee ther^is herein a double offence. One of them 4Mrhich diT- 
h'kc thc-prayersbecaufe they arc fet forms^ the other ^t difl&c 
.them'bfccaufetheprqfHchfctTw ^ ' ' ' 

'Fol the former I bcfeech them to cenfidcr ferfoufly whether they 
ought to think themfelves wifer and pcrfci3ier ihen all the Chur- 
ches of God that ever have been upon the Earth: This I dare con- 
fideiitly fiy that fihcc God had an eftabliihcd Church in the World 
there Were fet forms of devotion ": in the Jcwifh Church before and 
• fince Chtift, in the Ghriftian Church of all ages i and at this very 
day al! thofe varieriesof Chriftians in the large circle of Chriftiano- 
graphy they have their fet forms of prayers which they do and muft 
ufe^an'd in ine Reformed Churches both of the L^^4»Sy and Fr/auey 
and ScotUn^Jy it is no otherwifc : yea reverend Mr. Calvin himfelf 
whofe judgment had wont to fway with the forwarded Chriftians 
writing to tlie Prote5:or of EngUnd^ Aaho 1 548.. bath thtfe words, 
'Q;iod ad formHhm ^emm altinet (^ ritimm Eccle(iafik^um valde froh^ 
ut terU flja -extet a dus pafioritju difcedere mn [ licea^ infnnBme fuSy 
.(^flA'ttd adding three grave and folid reafonsfor ^t^concludcs thm:fo 
thitn there ought to be a fet form of Catechifm, a (et form of adrni-* 
niftration>of Saaaments, and of publick prayers 5 and why will 
vvccaftoffthfe judgment both of him and all. the Divines of the 
Wh0fe'Chfilftian\Vorldtill -B^rrwand Broww in our age and fe- 
ni&mbranci!! cohft-adided it) and igua after a conceit that never, had . 
any fceirfg inthe "World till within our own memory ..- 

For the. latter. There ar;c thofe wHocouldallow fome farm of 

fet^rayer$^''buc;difti^ t^^ as (fiyomggf the Pope apd 

J ' tnc 







» «-■ i ■■ ■• -t^. 


tI^fiW]MiW6iiM'afOkli^dingt^^b^^ good c« 

viUi ftod eVillf ood^ioliKai your felm tht^agbly ^ Ac ^ oue StaM 

. Kno^chttete dttt tfaewiM^ of GcNdlMtiyEtfletir and 

Weftcniasicwasd!vided^> bothtHieCrrtfe^J^ 
vvfaicfa'thfe /fiiMf wAMfcm CO be f ai%tt) had tfadr^ foam of piavcc 
J&on«hebegttiirig> which wece then holy itidHc^niycQnapi^ 
^boly Pa^nof thofe fiift times t Afttf>ritikril«4^>^if^^|irfpr-> 

rors of ()opery came in by degites^a^tiltaliibftibiu^^ 
the Mtft, prayers for the dead^prayen to Saints sthefc po^oned 
the Church, and vitiated thefcnoly forms whiles they continued^ 
bat when Reformation came in, divers worthy ProteftMC Diviiies^ 
whereoi feme were noble Manyrs fw religion, were appointed to 
revife that form of fervke, to pnige out all that popi{h leaven that 
had fowred them, to ttlbie them to their former purity; leaving 
nothing in that book bat that whidi they found cosfenanc to godli- 
tiefs, and pure reli^n. 

- ifany Man win nowfay that oUrpaterbtookistakenroot 
Mafs, let him know rather that the Mafs was caft out of our prayer- 
book into which it was in jurioufly and JmpiouCly intruded j the good 
of tliofe prayers are ours in the right o^ Chriftians, the eviU tluit wa^ 
in them let them take as their own* 

And if it (hould have been as they imacine ; let them know that 
we have departed from the Chuioi oi Rome but in thofe things 
Wherein they have departed from Chrift, what good thiiTg they hava 
is ours ftill sThat fcripcure which they have. That Creed which they 
profefs is oars, neither will we part with it for their abufc. 

If a peece of Gold be offcrd us, will we not take it bccanie it was 
taken out of the channelli? IftheDevilbave siveaa4:onfeffion ol 
Chrfft, and faid, I know who thou art even Jefus the Son of the 
living G^d ; (hall not I make this confeilion bccaufe it came out of 
^ the l>evUs mouth? Alas we {hall be herein very injurious both to 
our felves and to God whofc every holy truth is. 

This then is the form which hath been compiled by learned 
and holy Divines, by blefled Martyis themfelves, who ufed it com* 
ferrabty, andblefifedGodforit^ 

the quicker eyes of later times have found any thing which 

Cce dif- 



Ul i'i . i J B' JU 

Mi W .11.4— m 

_„i^ *«"> **^^ P**^ »B4^«»niiei$ lof «!Kpisefli«n qt in feme 
iitespte(bilKdintt^UctheiytiAGodsnaaie«vyak lefonn^ 

tag icmeiicejCdiac publkk ai^thonty whereby it was fnmed and e- 
na^di and let not private pcrfons prcfumc tepnttbtic bands to 
cfaewokt l«N(:bW()titd imcadoto wftbingl^^^ cgnfu^n, 

jctfltti H^gt^ tbnedccendyh^ aodioocter» . '* 

- Sbordy my Btethten let ushaie P<^ry t» die dcaeb but let 
tts not involve within tbatpdifiv name diole holy f«r»5 both of 
g^^tfffl pflrawow, and devouon which «;e both pkafing unco Cod^ 

t • 

• ' 


» t 1 

^ » • 

T/!? ^ " :[ r • ;• 

• V 

* > 


h p I II ' I in 






\ • 




IK , . 

P A R L I AU E N T. 

- If • 

My Lordr^ - 

Htve h)!^ bel4 my peace, aadjoieant to. have done To fiill> 
iBtitms^bkt to CroptslM mate Soa, Imnft break filence> 
I hubbly befeech youx: LerdAiips to give me leave, to take 
thistoo juftoccafionto move your I^ihijps to take into 
yoiu^dcep^andferiQUScoftiideration, thewoRd,andlamenta^ 
Ueconaitionofthepoor Omchof M^ImJ^ ypor.dcar Motket; 
Mf Lords, this' was not wont to be her ftile, Mte have heretofore 
talctof the famous and flouridiing Church of Et^jtnd^ but now 
your Lordfhips muft dve me leave to fay, that die poor Church 
of fjjfiW humbly promtes her felf ( next after his facrcd Majcfty) 
at your Lordfhips feet, and huipUymv^^ your oonopaffion and 
prefentaid. . / . ... 

My Lords, It is a foul and dan|erous infoIeBce, diis'whtch is now 
complained of to you ^ but ic h but one di a hundred of thofe which 
have been of latedone to AiKChurclrahd Govemoient.^he Church 
of fA^JW; as your Lot df^)iicaitnot cfaoofe but khoMVi Kath been 
and is miTerably infeflcd on oodi iide$,!widi Papffts oh the one fide, 
and ScHfmaticks on the othcriThcWalmifl hath of old. diftinguifht 
thp ehcnries of it, into Wild Boars out ^f the Wopd, Ajad little Foxes . 
t>x!t ttftbi^ftofefe ; tht oik whereof^oe? about td root up the 
vefy^ott^^atiott'^^ the-otHer to cro|K ihe,branches, and 

4)Ioflc)rfles and btiftets thereqf, bgth ofthem confpite, the utter . mine 
'&.deyaffaiiori 0f it; As ferine former of^them j^do pciceivea great 
^ekJ*f^^oji:^e<dfQr th^ abd.TupprcfJlpti of thera ; and I 

i^on^mycittgta^^ and-befeech him 

Ccca to 

■■^'^►^'■■■'■■^^^■^"•■■■^■•^^••■■•^•"^^•^■■■^•"•■^••^"^— ^■'••^•■•—■•■■•-^•iw^-^-i— w^ip^ 

CO profper ic, in thofe handb that (hall undertake and profccace it i 
kic for che other give me leave to fay, I do not linde many that arc 
fenfibleofthedangcrofit, which yet in my apprehenficm is very 
grc^ and appa^[Ciu ; Alas any^Lordy 1 bcfeecp-fou to jMoiidcr 
whatkb i tb^t th^eihoialfl be in LgafoMj ai^ the Subqifas and 
Liberti^> no Ipver'thcn foiirfepre G^rigiegations of feveral $e£ta- 
nes, as I have been too credibly informed^ inftra£kedby Guides fit 
for them, Cbblers , Taylors y F^tmakers and fueb like trafti , 
which all are taught to fyit it\ the face^ of ^ir Mo^ier the Cfanrdi 
of Ei^laod } ai|ia to defye and revtie bcr ^emmetit } lixmi hence 
haveidued thofe dangerous aflaults of our Church Govemours i 
From hence that inundation of bafe and fcurrilous libels and pam* 
phlets> wherewith we hare been oi late overbQnK3 in whico Pa« 
pifk luid Prelates Ukc 0%ax in a yoke are ftill outdaed togedKr s 
O my Lords^ I bcfecch yaa thuy o^ will be fe^dble of chu great in- 
digotty : Do but look upon thcte reverend pctfons : Do not Your 
Lordimps fee here fitting upon thefe benches, thofe that have fpenc 
their time, then: ftrength, their bodies and lives, in pieadiing 
down^^ in writing down iPopery? and whkh would be ready ( if oc« 
cafton were offrea ) to facrince all dieir old Uood that remains t«>: 
the maintenanceof that troth of God, which they hive taa^t and 
writteo,and fiiall we be thus defpight&Uy ranged witH them,whoai 
wc do thus j^ofe&dly oppofe s but alas this is but one of thofit 
naanyfcaadl^ous a(jperfions, and intoleraUe a&ontsthat are daily 
eaft upon us. Now whither fhould we in this cafe have recottrfe foe 
a needful and feafonabletedrefle? Theamae of theChmch is alas 
now (hort and finewlefs, it is the interpofing of your authority that 
muftrefcueus. . You are the Eldefl fbns of your dear Mother the 
Churchjiind thotrfoce nwft fit & moft dble to ^dic^ate her ymmag^ 

^ou are arnsci Sfoidki give me leave therefore in the bowels of Chrift 
umbly to beieecbyour Lordflups to be tenderly (enfiUe of dide 
woful and dangerous oonditions of the t£mes« And \£ the covera- 
mentoftheChutchof <;iK2«f^ be unli^^ and unfit, anandoa 
and difclaini it > but a otherwise uphold and maintain ir« 
Otherwife if theie Uwlefi outrages be jet fiified to gather head^ 
wbo knbwcs where they wfll end ?My Lords, if the(e men nay with 
inmunity ,and freedom,thus bear down EcdeiiallkAl aathority , it is 
to be feared tbcy will not reft thetTi but will be ready td afionr 

' • avii 




dvfl power too: Yooi Lotwlflitps know tfatt the Jsefi Strtms, and 
CsiUsy and h^m T^jlers of fonnertimes, did not more cry down 
Learning then Noblity : tnd tbofe of your Lord(hips that have 
teadtbcluftoryoftheAnahapcifiical tumilts at 4wiFtfr will need 
no other Item, letitbeenouehtofay that many ofthefe ^c^nies 
ate«^tbeiane|»ofeffion : Shortly therefore let mc hnmblv move 
your Lord(hips to take the(e dangers and miTeties of this poor 
Chutchdeeply toheart, and iipoa thtt oocafion to give order for 
the fpccdyredreffiqi;oithdehocrihlein(blendes, and for die (lop- 
ping of ^t drlagedrlibelloHS inye^es, wherewith we aretfans 
impetuoufly overflown ; Which in all due fubmiifioo, I huiJbly 
picfentio^iarLocdihipswirc^ aadifdigieiis - "^ 


,p I li i 




a — 


S P E E C H 



In Defence of the - . 




> My Lords, 

^ cannot choofe but IcudW that whoToeverrircs up in this 

I caufe mnft fpeak with the difadvaotage of nouch prc- 

1 pdice^ and cherefcve I do humbly ciave your Lordfhips 

f beft conftru^on, were it ( my Lords ) that forae few 

doubtii^pcHonswete to be fatisfied ia fome fcniplcs 

'about matter of the Canons, there m^ht have been forae life in 

the hope <^ prevailing 5 bur now that we are borne down with fuch 

a torrent of gcnerall and rrfolute contradi&onj we yield ; but yet 

give us leave! bcfccch you To to yield that pofterity may not fay we 

have willit^lybetraid our own innocence .Firft therefore let us plead 

jftyovt^ Lordfl'.ijJs and, the Wfirld* tbu to ab^te.cbccdgc 01 that 

illegality which is objc^d co us, ic was our obedience that both a^- 

fia^)iedand!ccptus t(^ethcr for the makins of Synodicall »&s. 

We bftd the great Seal oiEn^snd for it,fecon&d by the jni^aicnts 

of the oracles of law and jtmice ; and upon thefe the command 

ofour^pc^<^ to whom we have fwocn and owe caoooical obe- 

' diencc . 

^•1— •"•^••■*"»*i»»— I" 

dieace : Now to this caie^ whic (hould we do ( Was it for us to 
judgof the gicat Teal ofJ^lMd i or to'jiidg of our Judges ( alas 
we are not &r the law^ but for the Gofpdl ) or te difobey chat au* > 
thoricy which was to be ever facred to us^ I befeech your Lbrdihips . 
put your felves a while in to our coBdicioU) had the cafe been yours» 
what wcmld you have done ? If weobeynot^ we are rebels to au- 
thority } if we dbey we are oenfured for illegall procedures i Where 
are we now, my Lordsflt is ^nold xx^to^CAfHip^nemotemur ejflt 
ftfplexus^ Fref us one wiqf or other i and {hew us whether wc muft 
lacher hazard cenfiire^ or ioour difobedience* In the next place 
^e us leave to plead aur sood intenticms ; (ince we muft make new 
Canons. I pcrfwade my felf we all caoie ( I am furc I can fpcak for 
one) with hoheft and zealous defires to do God and his Church 
good fervice^ and expeded co have received great thanks both of 
Churdi and Conunon^wealth ;^for your Lordlhips fee that the main 
drift of thofe Canons was to reprefs and confine the indifcreet and 
lawlefs dtfcmirfes of fome either ignorant, orparafiticall, lamfure 
oflSi^hfive Preachers to fujpprefs the growth of Socinianifm, Popery^ 
Separatifm, totedrtifs fome abufes of Ecckfiaftical courts and om<^ 
cers s In all which I dare fay your Loidftups do heartily concurr with 
them i And if in the manner of expreffion there have been any fai-^ 
lings I Ihall faunibly befeech yoUr Lord(h^ that thofe may not be too 
much ftood up(Mi where the (pain fubfiance is well meant i and in h 
felf profitable. In the third place give me leave to put your Lord* 
(hfpstnnund <^ the condnuall praiflaKe of the Chriitian Chitrcb, 
fince the firft Synod of thq Apoftles ( AB. 1 5. ) to this prefcnt day 5 
wherein I (uppofe it can never be (howed that ever any Ecclefiatti- 
eall Canons asade by the Btihops and Clei^ in Synods,generall,natt- 
onal) provindall) were either ojfered or required to be confirmed by 
Parliaments:Ea4>^0Qrs and Princesjby whofe authority thofe Synods 
were called^ haveftiUgiven their power to the radfication and ex- 
ecHtion of them j and none othcte y ud if you pleafe to look into 
the times within the ken of memory or fomewhat beyond it, Li$h 
790§ds Cooftittttions , what Parliaments confirmed «^ The Injun- 
^i^Iis of Queen ElUdnh » the Canms of King Jmes were ne- 
ver tendredrto the Piu^iament for confirmation ; and yet have fo far 
obtained hithertO) that the government of the Church was by them 
^ai segulatedi. compaie I befeech yoti thofe of K. fsmetmth the 



if >_ m 

pwfent5 your Lord(bips (halljindi them many^ pdrempcory^ refe- 
hicei daci4ingu{>oncbcir own grounds^ in points nouch harder of 
dtgeftion then chcfe whid) are but few, and only feconds to former 
conltinitiom: it therefore in this we have erred, furely the whole 
Chtiftian Church of all places and tinies hath erred with us ; eidier 
therefore we (hail have too good company in t4)e cenfurc^ or elfe 
we fhall be exoifcd. 

Fourthly give me leave to urge the authority of diefe Canons ) 
in which regard if I inight without ofience fpeak it) I m^ht fay 
chat the complainants have not (under corre^ion)laid a right ground 
of their acculation i They fay we hav<^ made Ouions and Craftini* 
tions } ala$ my Lords we have made none. 

Wc neither did) nor could make Canons, more then they can 
make laws^ The Canons 4re fo to the Church as laws are for the 
Cbmmon*wealth4 now^hcy dof but rogAre iMm^ they do aot ferre 
QxfMcire legem J that is only foe the King to do, it is le May le^eiJt^ 
that of tnlls makes laws ; fo was it for iis to do in matter of Canons, 
we might propound fome fuch conftitutions as we (hould think 
might be ufefull ; but when we have done we fend them to his Ma- 

[ . ' j(iiiyywhopem(inf^ilsa!ac0mMif^ 

- them puts U!k into them, and of dead ptopofitions makes<ncm'€a« 
4ions i as therefore the laws are the Kings laws, and not curs j fe 
arc the Canons the Kings Canons, and not theCier^ies, Think t^ius 
-of them, and then draw what condufions you pkafe, .'^'' 

As for that pecuniary bufinds^of our contribution wherein we are 

jaid to have trenched upon the liberty of fiabjc As and propriety of 

goods ; Ibcfecch your Lordlhips do bot fee the difference of times, 

•we had a precedent for it j The fame thing was done in Qw. Ellz4^ 

tetbs time in a muld of 3 s. the pound and that after the end of 

'the Parliament, with the fame claufcs of 5ufpcniion, Seqecftrari- 

-on. Deprivation, without noile of any exception which noWis crycd 

down for an unheard of incroachment ; how Icgall it maybe I dif- 

putenot, and did then make bold to moff^y mt let the m\^ o( 

^bat example and the zeal that we had trf the fupply of hfs Ma- 

' lefties neceffities excufe us a tanto at leaft j it having given thefjf as 

fubfidies fitting the Parliament, and the bill being drawn up for the 

confirmation of the ParHament,we now,upon the unhappy d^Iati* 

I on of it as retraft (6 necefiary a graun^ we were ^wiling to 




45 I 

But) my Lords^iflmayhtvelcaveco fpcak my own thoughts^ 
Ithall freely fay chat wbeceas there uc three gcncnd coscecnfxients 
ix)(h of perfons and caufcs, merely Ecclefiafticai, merely Temporal) 
or misc of both Ecclefiafticsd and cemporall i as it is fit^ the Church 
by her Synode (hould take cognizance of^ and order for the firit 
whcih is merely Ec^clefiaftical^lojieKt under his Majefty, the Parlia- 
ment (hould have the power of ordering, the other } bm in the 
meantime, my Lords, where are we ^ Tm Canons of the Church 
both late and former are pronounced to be void and forcelefs, cbe 
Church is a garden or vineyard inclofed } the laws and conftitutioi|s 
oficareas tne wall, or hed^, if thefe be caft open, in what State 
are we : (hall the enemies of this Church have racb an advantage 
of us, as to fay, we are a lawlefs Church, or (hall all Men be kit 
loofe to their licentious freedom , God in Heaven forbid : 
Hitherto we have been quietly and happily governed b^ thofe former 
Canons, the extent whereof we have not I hope (and for (om^ oE 
us ) I am confident, we have not exceeded ; why(h0«ld we not be 
fo ftill ? Let thefe late Canons fleep (ince you will have it fo, till we 
«wake them , whfeh (hall not be till I>ooms-day,and let us be where 
we were, and regulate our fclves by tbofe conftimtions which were 
rpictly fubmtttedto on all hands, and for this which is paft, (ince 
that which we did was out of our ttue obedience, and with honcft 
and ^odly intentions ^and according to the Univofal pradife of ail 
Chnftian Churches, and with the full power of his Ma/cftics au- 
thority, let it not be imputed tons as any way worthy ot your 
liQrdfhips cenlure* 



■Amm '■-»■ > ■ 


•^ \ 


J\ • 

43^ . 



Gonccrnii^ the power of 



is this is the {txangeft bill that ever I heard {iocel 

dmitced to (it tinacr this roof, for it firikes at the 

fabrick and compofitien of tlus houfe i. at the 

)fallltwcss and therefore were it not that it 

«»».s from fuch a recommendauon it would not, I fvp~ 

pofe,undergo any long confideration i but comiiffito us &om fucb 

hands. It cannocbutbe worthy of yourbcftthoUEhcs; andimly for 

thcmainlcopcofthc bill I (hall yield it nK>ftwifiing|y, th«EccIe- 

(lafticalandfaacdpcrfonsihouldiiot (udmarily be nken up widi 

fccular atfdin. 

The Minifter is called f/r 1>«, a Man of God; he may not be 
irir Secitliy hcmay Icndhimfelf to them upon occafion , he may 
not give Jumfelf over purpofcly to them .- Shordyjbe may not Co at- 
.tencTwoddlythingsasthathc do [negle^: divine things. IHs we 

tladlyyield^ancTSof jufticcthercfbrearcnot proper, asia an or- 
inary tradc,for our (uodioa > wd by my coolefit (hall be as in ge- 
nerally waved and defcrtedj which for my part I never have med- 
Icd with but in a charitable way ; with no profit, but fome char- 
ge to my fclf, whereof I (hall be glad to be eafed : TrtBem fdrilit 
fairiy as the old word is: Bur ifanymanfhaBbcnoc think toinfcfj 
that feme fpiucoalperfon , may n Jt occafionally be in a. fpedal fer - 
vice of his King or Countrcy;*: when he is fo rcffliircd by his Prince> 
give his advice in the urgent affairs of the Kingdomc (whichlfup* 
pofe i$ the main point driven at ) is (bch an incunfequence as I dare 
boldly fav cannot be made good, cither by divinity or teafonj ^thc 
. lawes either of God or man ; whereas the contrary may be proved 
and inforced by both. 

As for the grounds of this bill, that Ac Miniftcrs doty is (b great 
that it is able to take up the whole man, and the Apoule &ith 'tis 


, uvlx> is fiifficiCQc for tbefe dittjjs, and chac he who warfares to 
<iody (hoddoociotaiiglchimfeif vmN this w^rid, itis a iiiffictenc 
aiKl jnftconvJi£tionof thofe who would divide theiardves betwixt 
Codaad the Worlds and beftowanyinain part of their time upon 
fc^aratiuis ;'but it hadi nocnpn 

frehvre in hand i thaca man dedicate to God, may not fo much 
«s w^n he is required, caft a gl^ 

ttfne, or (bme mottonsof his toague upon the pubiickbufincfs of his 

Iboiedtttttp^diislromtismay aswdl aadnpOQ th^ fame 
]safonholdthataflainifierinuftbaveno£uii] or if he have > 

one, muft not care for it 3 yeat|3atfaemufthav€noU)dy to tend, 
jbut be all Spkk: My Lords, we are men of dK lame cooqpofition 
withodhers, and our breeding hath been acdordingly, we camoc 
have 1»^ in dbe World but we have feenit, and oisferved it too, 
aiKl our long experience and cosverfation bodi in Men and m 
cannotbat nave put foonething into us for *the good of others ; and 
now havicf a double capacity 3 qM cjves^ qua Ecflefisflici ; as mem^ 
bersufthecommonweahh^ as Mioiftersand Govemours of the 
Cfauidi,we ttp ii^y to do our beft fibrvice i^ 
nowayinoApatiblc with theother; yea the fubjeds of them boA 
are fo united with the Churd) and Commonwealtb^ithat tbcy can* 
not be fevered : yea (b, as ijhat, not the one is in the other, but one 
is the other, is both : fo as the fervices which we da upon tbcfi* oc?^ 
c^ons to theCoraonwealm are infeparable from .our good offices 
totheCfaurdi; io as upon this ground dicre is no reafon ofourex- 

If ye fay that cor fittiiK in Parliament takes up modi pme wliidi 
we miglu fmve imployedinonr ftudies or pu^>ics ; confiderlbe^ 
feedi you j that iroiles yon have a Parlia^nr,we muft have acon« 
vocation $ and that our attendance upon that willcall for the fame 
expenfe of time ^^duch we a&rd to this fervice, fo as herein wchave 
neither Mt nor iof{« 

Butifearitisaotoa fomehands the tender regard of the full 
fcopetoaur calling that is fo much here ftood upon; as dieconceit 
^ tod much honour that is done us in taking up ^r ^oom of Peers, . 
and voting in ditth^ Court; forfurely thole that are averfafrom 
our votes, yet could be content we {houl^ have place upon the wool* ^ 

Ddd a facksi 




facks; and could alov^ us fars^ bnc not tongues. If this be the 
micccr / befecch your Lord(hips to confidcr that tlus honour is not 
done CO us boc ou r profeifioft^ which ( what ever we be in our feve*^ 
ril perfons ) can not ea(il y be capaMc of too much refped from your 
Lordihips, JVm tibi^ed Ifidiy as he faid of old j:, Neicheris this any 
liew grace that is put upon our calling yX whtchif it^wcre now to be- 
gin oitght perhaps be juftly gi^dged to our unwonhyuefs ) but it is 
an ancieijt: right and inheritance inherent in our ftatbn : No lefs an- 
cient then thefe walls wherein we fit j yea more ; before ever there 
were Parlianentsjin the MsgwsLCoi^liA of the. Kingdomc we had^ 
our places ; and as for my predeceubrs ever fuice the Conqucrours 
time, / can (how your Lord(hips a juft catalogue of them tbiu hwe 
iat before me here ; and tiuely though I have juficaufeto be mean 
in mine own eyes , yet why or wherein there fhcujd be more un* 
worthinefs in me d^cn the reft > that / (hoiddbe ftrspt of that:prir 
viledg which t hey fo long in joyed though there were no law to hold 
mehere, /cannot fee, orconfdie* What refpefts of honour have 
been put upon the prime Clergy ef old both by Ps^ans, and Jcwes, 
and Chriitians, and what ace ftill bo^ within Chriftendom ^and 
without,/ (hall not need to urge, it is enough to fan, this of ours i% 
not meerly arbitrary, but ftandsfo firoiely cftablira^dlby law aiKl 
cuftome, . that / hope it neither will nor can be removed except jkhi 
will (halce thofe fevidations which / believe you ilefire to h^ 
firme and inviolable. 

Shortly- then^ my Lord^ the church craves no new honour from 

you,and juftiy hopes you will not be guilty of pulling down tke old: 

as you are the eldeft ions, and next under his Majefty the honouraf- 

hie patrons of the Chord), foHieexpefb, and befeeches you tore*- 

ceive her into your tendereft c8re,fo to order her affiiirs that ye \t9s^ 

her to poftericy in no woHe cafe tbetr you found her. /t is a true. W(vd 

of Dmnsfm^ti vilefM nomen tpifcofiyomnfslM04 ferturbstm' Ee^lefi^ 

/f this be fiilEsred^theinifery will be the Cburcfaes,dic difhonour & 

. blurre of the aA in future a^cs will be yoiirs.To {hut i^ therefore,]et 

' us be taken etf from all ordmary trade of feailacinployments,and if 

you-pleafe abridge us of intexmeddline with matters of common jcr- 

flice, but leave us po&t&d of thofe places and privile<kcs in Parlia- 

fiocnt whickour predece0brs have fo Jong and pe«ceid^ inj€g«d; .. 








LOrd what ami ? A worm, duft, vapor, nochii^} 
What is niy Hfe ? A dream, a cuily dying ! 
What is my fle(h ? My fools uneafie clothing ! 
What is my time? A minate ever flying : 
My time, my flcftt, my life, and I i 
Whtt are we Lard but vanity ? 

Where am I Lord ? downe in a vale of death ; 
What is my trade ^fuT, my dear God ofefldihg} ; 
JMy fport fin too, my ftay a puffe of txeath : 
'What end of fin J hells horrour never ending : 

My way, my trade, iport, ftay, and^placc 

help up to make up my dolefttll cafe. 

Ilord what art thon ? pare life, ppwer, l»eauty,t>lirs 

Where dwell'ft thou ? up ateve in perfeft I^ht : 

What is thy time ? etemitvit is : 

Whatftate ?attcndancew each glorious fp'rit : 
Thy felf, thy place, thy dayes, thy lUtc 
F^s aU the thoughts of powers cxeate. 

How {hall I reach thee, Liatd ? Oh foar ahove, ; 

Aoibitioas foul : but which way (hould I flie ? 

Thou, Lord, art way and end .- what wings have 1 1 

Afoiring thoughts, of faith, of hope, of love : 
Oblet thefe wing$,that way alone 
Went me to tbyjblififull tfanoe* 




I <• 







Chriftmas Day. 

IMmortall habe> who this dear day 
Didft change chine Heaven for our day. 
And didft with flcfh thy Godhe^ vail, 
£ccrnal Son of God, All-hail* 

• - 

Shine happy ftar, ye Angels fing 
Gloiy on high to Heavens King : 
Run Shepherds, leave your niptly watch. 
See Heaven come down to Bewkems cratch. 

VVorfhip ye Sages of the Eau 

The Kin^ of Gcxls in lueannefs dreft. 

O blefred maid fmile and adore 

The God thy womb and armes have bore. 

Star, Angels, Shepherds, and wife (ages s 
•Thou Virgm glory of all ages 
Reftored frame of Heaven and Earth 
Joy in your dear Redeemers Birth. 

f • 


»tf 1 4 

•• 4 




• \ 

4 3^ 

LEave O A J fisul this boier World below, 
O lc«ve mis doleful! diu^eon of wo. 
And foare aloft CO thic fupetoat r^ 
TtuR makech all the Saints and Ai^dsbleft : 

Lo there the God-heads radiant tfaEoae » 

like to ten thouGuid Suns in one ! 
Lo there thy Saviour dear in glwydislK ^ 

Ador' d of all the powers ^Heavens night : 

Lo where thtt head chat biicd with thorny woood, i 

Shines ever with celeftial honor aownd: .] 

That hand chat held the fcornfull teed i 

Makes aU the fiends tnfcmall dread. 4 


That back and fide that ran wid) Uoody ftreans 
Daunt Angels eyes with their majefttck beamesi 
Thofe feet once fkflencd tt> the curfed tree 
Trample on death and hell. In glorious glee. 

Thofe 1k)s once drench'c withgi^ do make 

With their dread doom the world to quake. 

Behold thofe joyes thou never canft behold} 
Thofe precious sates of pcarl,thofe Streets of gol^, 
Tiio(e ftieams of Lifcy thofe trees of Paradife 
That never can be feen by morad eyes .* 

And when thou (eeft this ftate divine. 

Think that it is or ihall be thine. 

Seethete the h^y ttoups of pureft fpr^^ 
That live ibove in endlcis true del^hts ^ 
And fee v^re once thy felf flialt rangedbe. 
And took and loiffi for immortalitie : 
And now berore-hand help CO (ing. 

..^&;4b to Heavens King.. 


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